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Full text of "The battle of Waterloo, also of Ligny and Quatre-Bras, described by the series of accounts published by authority, with circumstantial details. By a near observer. Also important particulars, communicated by staff, and regimental officers, serving in different parts of the field, with every connected official document; forming an historical record of the campaign in the Netherlands, 1815. To which is added a register of the names of the officers"

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THB 
ALSO OF 

LIGNT, AND QUARTRE BRAS, 

CONTAINING THE SBRIBS OF 

BRITISH AND FOREIGN, 

WITH 

CIRCUMSTANTIAL DETAILS, 

RELATIVE TO THE BATTLES, 

FROM A VARIETY OW 

ORIGINAL AND AUTHENTIC SOURCES, WITH CONNECTED 
OFFICIAL AND PRIVATE DOCUMENTS, 

FORMING AN HISTORICAL RECORD BY THOSE WHO HAD THE HONOUR AND 

OLORY TO SHARE IN THB OPERATIONS 

OP THB 

1815. 



TO WHICH IS ADDBD THE NAMES ALFHABBTICALLT RBOISTBRBD 

AND BY RK6IMENT8, OF THE OFFICERS EMPLOYED, 

AND OF THB KILLBD AND WOUNDED, FROM 15th TO 26th JUNE, 1815, 

AND THE TOTAL STRENGTH AND LOSS OF EACH REGIMENT, 

ILLUSTRATED BY AN EXTENDED TIEW OF THE FIELD OF BATTLE, AND PLXNS OF 

THE POSITIONS AT WATERLOO, UGNY, AND QUATRE BRAS, AT DIFFERENT 

PERIODS OF THB ACTION, WITH A 

GENERAL PLAN OF THE CAMPAIGN. 



BY A NEAR OBSERVER. 



VOL. I. 



TENTH EDITION, ENLARGED AND CORRECTED. 

LONDON: 

PRINTED FOR JOHN BOOTH, DUKE STREET, PORTLAND PLACE; 

T. EGERTON, MILITARY LIBRARY, WHITEHALL. 

AND J. FAIRBAIRN, EDINBURGH. 



1817. 

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TO 

The most high, miflity, and most noble Prince Arthur, Dake» Marquis, and Etfl of 
WsLLiNGToir* Marquis of Donro. Viscount Welllncton of Talaven and of WeUington, and 
Baron Douio of Wellesley. One of his Mi^esty's Most Honourable Privy Council. Fidd 
Marshal of Hto Majesty's Forces. Colonel of the Royal Regiment of Horse Guards Blue. 
Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter. Knight Grand Cross of the Most Honowable 
MiUtary Order of the Bath. Prince of Waterloo in the Netherlands. Duk« of Ciudad 
Rodrigo, and a Grandee of Spain of the First Class. Duke of Vittoria. Marquis of Torres 
Vedras, and Count of Vimiera in Portugal. Knight of the Most iDustrious Order of the 
Golden Fleece. Of the Spanish Military Order of St. Fernando. Knight of the Most 
ninstrtons Order of the Holy Ghost ' in France. Knight Grand Cross of the Imperial 
Military Order of Maria Theresa. Knight Grand Cross of the imperid Military Order 
of St. George of Russia. Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Black Eagle of Prussia. 
Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Portuguese Military Order of the Tower and- Sword. 
Knight Grand Cross of Uie Royal Military Order of the Sword of Sweden. Knight 
Grand Cross of the Order of the Elephant of Denmark, of William of the Low Countries: 
Of the Annnnciade of Sardinia : Of Maximilian Joseph of Bayaria. Of the Crown of Rue, 
the Family Order of the King of Saxony. The Order of Fidelity of the First Class of the 
Gmnd Duke of Baden^and of several others. And Commander of the Forces of his Brttannk 
H^esty in France, and of the Army of his Mi^esty the King of the Low Countries, 8k, 

" Whoeyer gave more honourable prize 
'< To the sweet muse, than did the martial crew ; 
^' That their brave deeds she might immortalize 
*^ In her shrill tromp, and soimd their praises dae ? 
*' Who then onght more to favour her^ than yon, 
*' Most Noble Lord, the honour of this age, 
'' And precedent of all that arms ensue ? 
<< Whose warlike prowess and manly courage, 
" Tempered with reason and advisement sage, 
*' Hath filled sad Belgic with victorious spoil; 
<' In France and India left a famous gage, 
*^ And lately shook the Lusitanian soil," 



"••••••••-•••a noble peer, 

'^ Great England's glory, and the world's wide wonder, 

'* Wt^ose dreadful name late thro' all Spain did thunder, 

'' And Hercules' two pillars standing near, 

*^ Did make to quake and fear : 

" Fair branch of honour, flower of chivalry ! 

** That finest England with thy triumph's lame, 

** Joy have thou of thy noble victory, 

'< And endless happiness of thy own name 

*' That promiseth the same ; 

'' That through thy prowess and victorious arms 

" Thy country may be freed from foreign harms, 

^* And BrUuin's great and glorious name may ring 

*^ Through all the world, fill'd with thy wide alarms 

'^ Which some brave M^Be inay sing 

" To ages following." 

Edmund SvEfiSEHy Author qf the Fairie Queen. 



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TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



VOL. I. 



Explanation and References to the Maps and Plates p. xir* 



PART I. 



Page 
The first intelligence at Brnssels 
of the commencement of hos- 
tilities 1 

Do. in London , ib. 

Haste and preparation of the 

troops to march to battle .... 2 
Uoconcemed feeling of the coun- 
try inhabitants contrasted with 

the martial bnstle S 

Excellent order of departure of 

the troops ib. 

Confidence in their General .... 4 
The quietude of Brussels on the 

departure of the troops 5 

Duke Wellington and Sir Thomas 

Picton leave Brnssels ib. 

Various unfounded reports in the 

first moments of suspense .... 6 
First correct news of the battle 

at Brussels ib. 

Terror and suspense relieved . . ib. 
Highlanders received the first onset 7 

Scared Fille-de-Chambre 8 

Fliglit of the Belgians 9 

Intelligence of the action of Qua- 

tre Bras 11 

Ferocioos character of the war be- 
tween the Prussians and French 12 
I>iike of Brunswick killed, and ar- 
riral dr^faifl corpse at Brussels ib. 



Ptc< 
Arrival of the wouncied at Brus^ 

sels i.,4t,,4 15 

Retreat of Duke Wellington upon 

Waterloo ib. 

Blucher*s retreat upon Wavre . . ib. 
Superior Generalship of Duke 

Wellington ib. 

Unpopularity of the French in 

Belgium 14 

Disappointment of Buonaparte's^ 

select friends at Brussels • • • . ib. 
Confusion on the road arising from 

panic 15 

Consternation at Antwerp for 

three days • 16 

Further flight of the fugitives to 

Holland 17 

Arrival of the news of the battle 

of Waterloo -..-..... la 

Exalted feelings on the occasion ib. 
Description of the copper-plate 

views of tfie field of battle . . 19 

Heights occupied by the French 20 

Do. by^the English ^... ib. 

Farm of La Haye Sainte ..•.%. 19 

Extent of the field of battle .... ib. 

French position, superior 20 

Waterloo, situation of. • {b. 

British force, estimate of t^. 

French do. do..,...,.,.^., 21t 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS — VOL. I. 



Pne 
EiigUah eoamaiiders of corps, di- 

TiftioDs, and brigades, caTalry 

and uiiluitiy 2S 

Abstract of the artillery ibrces. . S3 
Road from Bmssels to Oenappe ib. 
Solitary woman in a fiemn-hoiise 

dnring the battle t4 

Most advanced post of the British , 

army «6. 

Sitnation of Gen. Picton's dirision ib. 
Qnarry in front of tbe British 

position • ^ 

MontSt.Jean ib. 

La Belle Alliance, whenre Blncher 

and Wellington met, and where 

Buonaparte directed many of 

his operations fVom • . • • ib. 

La Ibye Sainte, slaughter great 

near this spot .••• ib, 

Chatean Hougomont, or Gomont 26 
The commencement of the action ib, 
Gen« Byng's Brigade of Guards ib. 
Napoleon and French Imperial 

Guards ib. 

Destruction at Hougomont and 

grounds • • • ib. 

Appearance of the field of battle ib. 
Standards of the Invincibles taken 28 
French Eagles highly ornamented 29 
Serj. Ewart's of the Scotch Greys, 

letter on taking the Eagle . » . . ib. 
Shaw, of the Horse Guards .... t^. 
The fall of Sir W. Ponsonby. ... 30 

Observatory , ,*. . , 31 

Endeavour to persuade the Bel- 
gians to revolt ib. 

French promise of plunder ^ at 
' Brussels for three days ••.... t^. 
The advance of the Prussians . • 32 
Duke of Wellington at the begin- 

ning of the action , ib. 

Dnke of Welluigton near being 

taken prisoner $$ 

• , traits of 

character « ib. 



Colonel De Lancy wounded • • • • 33 
Farm at La Haye Sainte the iceae 
of great contest, given mp fiir 

wapt of ammunition 35 

French reserve ••• tk 

Attempts of the Enemy to sepa- 
rate the British and Prussians t^. 
Gallant conduct of the 28th re- 
giment ,•• *% 36 

Sir Thomas Picton's division and 

faU 35 and 36 

French Cuirassiers 36 

71st Regiment 37 

92d Regiment ib. 

Graves, or pits of dead 3S 

Bivouac on the 17th and 18th of 

June ' f^. 

Policy of the Duke of Wellington i^. 
Desperate and final effort of the 

Enemy 39 

Arrival of the Prussians. . ^ . . . • • ib* 
Impetuous and glorious charge of 
the English, and rout of the 

Enemy • ,... tk 

Blucher during the battle ...... ib. 

Meeting of the Duke of Welling- 
ton and Prince Blucher ib. 

Duke of Wellington's emotion in 

crossing the field after the battle 40 
The day of battle one of sorrow 

and of glory •••• 41 

Desolation and distressing scene 
of the field and surrounding 

villages, Sec 39 to 43 

Humanity of the Belgians *.•••• t^. 
Merciless barbarity of the French ib* 
Appearance of the field after tht 

battle ib. 

Reflections upon the victory •• • • 4S 



Lord Castlereagh*s sentimentS| 
and introduction to the private 
communications ••«•••,.. t • « 47 



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TABLB OF CONTENTS — VOL. I. 



Page 
Letter Armii an officer to Ms Ai^nd 
ia Cnmberland, Arom tbe Camp 

ofClichy 51 

Dodiess of Richmond's ball • . . • ib, ^ 
Tke retreat to Waterloo covered 

hf Lord Uxbridge ib, 

Bvonaparte^nmng tried the right, 
tamed to the left, bat ansac- 
cessfal ; retreated with great 

steadiness #••• 53 

Buonaparte changed again his 

plan of battle • ib. 

Three o'clock to eight o'clock the 

^tngofwar" 54 

Foot regiments of the '6th divi« 
fioo ahnost destroyed withoat 

firing a shot • t6. 

Letter from an officer in the 

Goards \ • . • 55 

French Cairaisiers charging^ two 

German gons at Qoatre Bras. . 58 
Belgian Light Cavalry struggle 

with Coirassiers ib. 

Respect to the remains of four 

officers 59 

Bmnswicker's' salamanders .... 61 
M^|or lioyd of the Artillery. • . • 62 
Onards, Doke Wellington and Im- 
perial French Goards ^. ib. 

Steadiness of the British troops ib. 
Gallantry and devotion of a 

French officer • 65 

English cavalry penetrated the 

French squares ib. 

Letter from an officer in the Guards ib. 

Battle of Onatre Bras ib. 

Handsome affair, General Byng 

and Guards 66 

Letter from an officer in the 2d 

LifeGuards 71 

Duke of Wellington on the charge 

of the Household troops 72 

Letter from an officer in the Light 

Dragoons • ;• 73 

Gradty of French to prisoners • • 74 



Pus 

Letter from an officer in the42d' 
regiment 74 

Sketch to illustrate the operatioiis 
of the 92d 76 

Letter A-om an officer in the 92d 
regiment 77 

Humanity of Scotch regiments . . 81 

Bivouac near Landrecy, after the 
battle 68 

An officer in the Royals, Battle 
of Quatre Bras 81 

Letter written on the field of 
battle, June 19 68 

Letter from Charleroi ....••.« ^. 83 

from Brussels 84 

...... from a German officer . . 86 

Ligny and Genappe described . . ib. 

Science and knowledge at critical 
moments of little avail, as im- 
portant results often arise from 
accidental and trifling causes 88 

Fears of an army its worst oppo- 
nent 89 

Letter from Prince Saxe Weimar, 
the day after the battle 90 

Letter from an officer in the Duke 
of Brunswick's army 92 

French letter from Fleurus • . . • 94 

Duke of Wellington's letter firom 
the field of batUe 99 

Prince Blucher's do^ 96 

to his wife .... ib. 

Prussian officer's (of high rank) 
letter 4 97 

Buonaparte's carriage, equipage, 
&c. capture of 99 

Contents of do. described • ib. 

Letter attribated to Gentz^from the 
Allied Sovereigns head-quarters 101 

Do. by Duke of Wellington to 
Lord Castlereagfa 165 

Restitution of the works of art 104 

Do. by Prince Blucher to Mufflin 109 
Dutch deci^, a revenoe to the 
Prince of Waterloo,.. 112 

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TABL£ OF CONTENTS — VOL. I. 



Ptfe 

AnecdotM ef the Prince of OraDge, 110 
Of a Camberland regiment of Hi«- 
tarsy 110. Of the Dake of Brans- 
wick's fall, 111. OfalifeGuards- 
man. 111. Of a private of the 
Scotch Greys, 111. Of Irish regi- 
ments, 113. Of Prince Blacher 
and the MUler at Ligny, 113. Of 
Frederica M* Mullen Waterloo, 113. 

Serjeant Graham of the Guards, 113. after the battle and 

Buonaparte's projects, 114. Cha- atParis...* 157 

racters of French and Hanoverians • wishing to go to 

discovered after the action in field America 161 

of battle, 114. Eagles deposited at • • • • letter to the Prince 

Whitehall, 115. Regent 16« 

Anecdote of Captain Elphinstone 153 * <>" ^^^ ^^ ^^^ 



French Officir's iMTERSfTiiio 

ACCOUNT OF THB LAST CAM- 
PAIGN OF BUONAPARTB, WHO 

WAS AN Eye-witmbsb. • • .117 to 149 
Buonaparte's conduct, &e. during 

the battle 149 

La Coste's narrative . • « • • 155 

Buonaparte's premature declara- 
tion, Lacken 156 



CoL Cheney of the Scotch Greys 154 
Meeting of Duke Wellington and 

Lord Uxbridge ib. 

Waterloo since the battle ib. 

Earl of Uxbridge*s heroic firmness ib. 



PART rr.— OFFICIAL 



Introduction 180 

First news in London of the be- 
ginning of hostilities, 4 o'clock, 
June 20 184 

Bulletin giving the firstnev^sof the 
battles of QuatreBras&Watcrloo ib. 

Duke of Wellington's account of 
the operations, published by the 
British Government • . . . • 185 

Haaoverian account, and killed 
and wounded 192 

The Prince Regent's thanks to do. 
and honours ....«•; 197 

Dntch accounts of the battles and 
loss 198 

PnissiaB acooont of the battle of 
CSarleroi 200 



rophon t^. 

andSirH.Bunbuiy, 

Lord Lovrther, Mr. Lyttleton, 
&c.' ld2tol74 

protest 174 

Capt. Paget' s, and further conver- 
sations and remarks by Buona- 
parte 173 

Buonaparte's passage and arrival 
atSt Helena 177 

Sf AUTHENTICATED PAPERS. 

Page Page 

Prussian account of the battle of 

Ligny,on the 16th $01 

of 

Waterloo on the 18th 204 

Blucher's thaoks to the Prussian 

army 207 

Russian account of the battle. . • • 208 

Austrian do 210 

Spanish do •••.• 215 



Duke of Wellington's regnlatfons 
on the troops entering France 221 ' 

Prussians and English in theirpro- 
gress to the French capital .... 222 

French proposals A>r commis- 
sioners to be appointed •»•••• 226 

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TA&LE OF CONTENTS — VOL. I. 



Vll 



P«fe 

AbdicatioD of Boonaparte 227 

A^Tance to, and captare of, Paitts 229 

CoBventloii ^ Paris 231 

EDtering of tfae French King. ... 253 
Austrian, Rnssian, &c. proclama- 
tions, &c 2S4 

Bhieker and Wellington's farewell 
and address to the Mayor and 
Inhabitants of Brussels, &c, . . 239 
Homanity of the inhabitants at 

Bmssels ih, 

Prussian address respecting the 
delay of payment of the con- 
tributions 240 

French exactions, 1794 and 95 . . 241 



Priaee Regent's message on the 
Duke of Wellington's success 242 

Thanks of Parliament to the 
Duke of Wellington ib. 

Prince Regent's Message and 
Speech in Parliament on clo- 
sing the Sessions, extract .... ib. 

Address and Answer of the City 
of London ib, 

Buonaparte's abdication, and de- 
chtfation to the French in favour 
of his son and to the army. . . . 244 

Napoleon's second reign 100 days 240 

Buonaparte wishes to be received 
onder conditions on board the 
Bellerophon, 04)t. Maitland. . 246 



Buonaparte received on board the 
Bellerophon, &c 247 

Cessation of hostilities with France 
by sea td. 

Earl Bathurst on Buonaparte's 
future treatment 248 

St. Helena, foreign Powers ex- 
cluded from 250 

General Buonaparte's arrival at 
St. Helena * 251 



Extract from Buonaparte's mili- 
tary letters, &c. from his leav- 
ing Paris to join the army .... 251 

Declaration to his soldiers previ- 
ous to his attacking the Prus- 
sians 252 

French position 255 

French oflicial accounts of the 
battles, &c 255 

Ligny t6. 

Mont 

St.Jean 257 

Gen. Count Droiiet's statement 
yide Foi. //. 

Ney's observations on the can:^ 
paign and on Drouet • 2$0 

Gronchy's official report after the 
battle of June 18th 265 



PART 

Paf« 
General register of the officers 

emp oyed. Vide Vol. //. 
Names alphabetically arranged of 

the killed and wounded 267 

British and Hanoverian effective 

force of each regiment 274 

British Regimental loss ••••...• ib. 

Dutch lofs 276 

PniMiailloM....r, t^. 

Regimentfl^ entitled to the Water- 
loo honours and privileges, and 
liieir separate loss ^5 



III. 

Pi«e 

Extracts from the Journals of 
Parliament of the names of of- 
ficers thanked . .* tit 

.for anational monnment 176 

Waterloo Brevet promotions .... fT9 

Officers admitted to the Military 
Orders of die Allied Sovereigns 990 

Officers admitted to the Most 
Honourable Military Order of 
the Bath. ••« ib. 

Waterloo Honours, &c, Ac. • • • • S85 



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TABLE OF CONTENTS — VOL. I. 



Regimentf entitled to bear on 
their colours and appoi tments 

the iword " Waterloo" 288 

Force which entered France .... 288 
Force remaining in France, with 
their Generals 

MlUTARY AND BlOGRAPHICAI. 

Notices of the Fallen Hb- 

BOES •• 292 

Duke of Brunswick .......*.... 292 

Comet Bernard 312 

Capt. W. Buckley S02 

Major Robert Cairns 304 

Col. Cameron ^. . . . 301 

lieut-Col. Canning 338 

Capt. Cassan 311 

Capt. Cbamben 310 

Iieut.-Col. Currie 307 

Capt. Curson 309 

Capt. Davidson 314 

SirW. Delancy 309 

Lieut.-Col. Sir F. D'Oyly 305 

Col. Sir H. Elils .309 

Lieut. Elwes 313 

Col. Ferrior 305 

Lieut.-Col. Richard Fitzgerald . . 306 

Lieut. Foster 307 

Col. Fuller 315 

Lieut. Geale 313 

Lieut.-Col. Sir A. Gordon 315 

"NUjot Graham 313 

Capt. Oubbins ib, 

Col.Hamilton 309 

Major Hawlyn 306 

Capt. Hobhouse 310 

Major Hodge 302 

Bf^jor Howard 312 

CaptJollifte 307 

Capt. Lind 310 

MajorUojd 313 



Col.Macara 301 

Major Maclaine , 314 

Lieut Magniacr 310 

Lieut.-Col. MiUer 31t 

Major Packe 310 

Lieut.-Gen. Sir .Thomas Picton •• 302 

Gen.SirW. Ponsonbyt....^.,.. 309 

Lieut Pym • 313 

Lieut Robe t... 311 

Comet Sbuldham 312 

Mi^or Smyth 313 

Lieut. Squires 314 

Lieut-Col. Stables 312 

Lieut.-Col. Thomas 311 

Lieut. Wightwick 31;! 

Capt Windsor 313 

Monumental inscriptions of the 

several officers 
Buried in the Church at Waterloo 315 

in the Wood of Soignies 316 

at Braitte-lapLeud . . . r. . ik, 

at Brussels .«.•...• ib. 

....... at Hougomont (b. 

atHalle A. 

German Legion at LaHaye Sainte 317 
Names of the men of the Scotch 

Greys who fell at Waiterloo. ... 318 



Protocol of the conference be- 
tween the Plcnip«tenCiarie9 of 
Austria, Russia, Great Britain, 
Prussia, and France, as a basis 

. for a General Peace 289 

Signature of Peace 290 

Military Gradations op the 

DtTRfi OF Welungton 319 

Do. OF Buonaparte 320 



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TABLE OF CONTENTS: 



VOL. II. 



Page 

Field of Waterloo from Mont 
St. Jean, <&c. already clas- 
tic ground 1 

The Forest of Soignes new ib. 
Via Sacra 

Field of Battle — one month 
after the battle 2,121 

Duke of Wellington's Dis- 
patch affords a clear idea 
of the position ....*. 3 

— appoint- 
ed Commander on^the Con- 
tinent of Europe ib. 

Prince of Oirange takes leave 
of the troops in conse- 
quence, by a General Or- 
der t^. 

Duke of Wellington assumed 
the command, 11th April 4 

formed 

the whole force, British, 
Hanoverian, and Dutch, 
into two corps ib, 

'9 regulations 

for the same ib. 

Cavalry and Horse Artillery 
admired much in passing 
through the Netherlands . t^. 

: — thought to be too 

showy to be good ... * 5 

Opening of the Campaign . ib. 



Page 
Station of the French corps 5 
Buonaparte takes Charleroi . 6 
Brussels the head-quarters of 

the Duke of Wellington . . ib. 
Forces on the Belgic frontier 
could be collected at any 
given point in 12 hours . ib. 
The Prussians occupied the 
remaining frontier .... ib. 

defended their 

out-posts with great bra- 
very, and stopped the Ene- 
my's further progress on 

the 15th ib. 

Dutch troops in advance on 

the 15th ib, 

British 5th Division and Duke 
of Brunswick leave Brus- 
sels, 2 P. M. 16th 7 

Blucher meets the French on 

the 16th : . . . . ib. 

Buonaparte reconnoitred Blu- 

cher's position ib, 

French advance in overpower 

' ing masses 8 

Blucher finally supports him- 
self 9 

British arrive at ,Quatre-Bras 
at two in the afternoon on 

the 16lh 10 

Guards arrive at 4 o'clock . 11 



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TABLE OF CONTENTS —VOL. U. 



Page 

The French driven in ... . 11 

Arrival of the whole British 
. force at day-light of 17th ib. 

News of Blucher*s retiring to 
Wavre ib. 

English retrograde movemen t ib. 

Tempestuous day and night 
of 17th 13 

Advance upon Hougomont 
on the 18th 16 

Various description of attack 
during the day of Water- 
loo ib. 

Hougomont the material point 
of attention and operation 25 

described ib. 

, Jerome Buona- 
parte commands the attack 26 

, Gen. Byng and 

reinforcements of Guards 27 

, loss at 29 

, or Gomonty the 

history of . 30 



ARTILLERY OPERATIONS. 

Commanders of troops and 
brigades 32 

Rogers's and Lloyd's brigades 
at Quatre-Bras 33 

Desertion of a French officer 34 

Artillerv of much use in cover- 
ing the retreat on the 17th 35 

For some hours the action 
was chiefly with artillery . 37 

Engilsh guns taken and re- 
taken repeatedly ib. 

Capt. Ramsiay buried .... ib. 

Returns of French artillery 
taken 39 

Fire of artillery affording re- 
pose, and confirming the 
steadiness of infkntry ... 41 

Every man's arm raised against 
that of another 42 

After the mingled mass had 



Page 
ebbed and flowed, the 
Enemy began to give way ti^. 

Weak point of Hougomont 
reinforced by other artillery 43 

Other artillery ordered to the 
right of Sir H. Clinton's 
position ib. 

Ground gradually declined 
upon the crest of our posi- 
tion ' . . . . 44 

Attacks of the Enemy and 
reception particularly de- 
scribed 1^. 

Fatigue of the artillery very 
great 45 

Rapid advance of the reserve 
Horse Artillery ib. 

Brigades under Rogers, Sand- 
ham, aind Lloyd, their pa- . 
sition ib* 

Capt. Bolton's, afterward Na- 
pier'^ brigade t^. 

^' flankingVood 

at Hougomont 46 

great execu- 
tion at the close of the 
action t(. 

Reports of the officers search- 
ing for the Enemy's artil- 
lery very interesting ... 48 

Discovery and saffierings of 
the wounded 49 

Returns of Artillery killed and 
wounded, and forces in 
Belgium. Vide 141 Appendix. 



60 

ib. 



EARL OFUXBRIDGE tmi 
Cavalry Operations .... 

Review at Schendelbeke . • 

Debouche on llth Jwu mt 
Genappe 61 

Marquis of Anglesey's Lettxr 
to the 7th Huston . • • • ib. 



• receiv- 



ed his wound 53 

, happy 



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TABLE OP C0NTENT8 — VOL. II. 



XI 



Page 
combiiiatioos in thb No- 
bleman 54 

Sir W. Poosonby^s brigade of 
cavalry 66 

, fate of . . 56 

Letto* from Serj. CricWey, 
Ist Dragoons 58 

Sir Oraisby Vandeleur's and 
Sir Kichard Vivian's bri- 
gade of cavalry ...... 61 

Important movement and 
change at the close of the 
day ibr 

Letter from an officer of 18th 
Uusdars ibp 

from John Marshal, 

10th Hussars 63 

— from an Officer 13th 

lUght Dragoons 68 

—* — from an officer .... 69 

■ r-^ of high 

rank 71 

lafiuitry 3d brigade, under 
Maior-General Adam, ii^ 
Sir Henry Clinton's division 73 

Letter from John Lewes, 95th 
regiment 74 

General Lord Hill's Order of 
the Day after the battle , 94 

Extract of ?i Letter by an Of- 
6cer in Lord Hill's corps .95* 

ARMY OF OBSERVATION 77 

i28th Regimeut . , , . ^ . , • 78 



ANECDOTES, TRAITS, &c. 

Lieutenant Irwin 78 

Geaaral Picton on 16th ... 80 
Private Fry of the 28th seizes 

an Ea^e / • - • t^. 

Lieut Deare'f gallant conduct ib» 
Sir J. Kempt, Sir Denis Packe, 

Sir JP. Befson, and Sir J. 

Lambert « • . ib. 

Major (Menzies) and private 

42d Highlahdert ..... 81 



Page 

HigUand Soldier 92d .... 82 

Mont St. Jean and its peiTsant 82 

Foreigner's testimony of re- 
gard for Highlanders ... 83 

Major Muttlebury and 69th 
regiment tb, 

French exasperation at the 
good practice of our ar- 
tillery ib. 

«. Capt. 'Thoy ts wrests an Eagle 
from a French officer • . ib\ 

Return of an offiper after the 
baitle , . . , 84 

JLieut, Tathwell of theJBlues 
seizes an Eagle ..,.,, ib, 

Offiper of the IninskQKkig^, 
perilous sitm^tion • ^ . . . t6.. 

Lieut.-Col. Dalrymple of the 
Ibth Hutsars ,.,..., ib* 

dorses, wounded, or ivithout 
ridert , 85 

pen, Maitland C . ib. 

Col. Colquit of the Guards . t^, 

Jioij. Col, Acheison's iiarrow 
escape . t * • ^ * 28 

lyiajor Dnmaresque wound- 
ed, &c. t* 

Ruse de Guerre an4 General 
Halket 86 

Lieut. Moreau and La Haye 
Sainte ........... ib, 

Waterloo, a battle of Giants 87 

Hon. Col. Poqsonby severely 
wounded , , . , ib^ 

—fired over 

by Tirailleurs, as their 
breast-woik ib. 

Serjeant Taylor of the 18th 
Hussars and Cuirassiers . . 62 

Last gun fired by the English 
was a French howitter, by 
Capt. Catmpbell 92 

DUKE OF WELLINGTON, 
when he received the first 
news of the opening of tive 
Campaign,^ ike PriMt 
of Orttngt 88 



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xn 



TABLE OF CONTENTS — VOL. II. 



Page , 
The second courier's arrival, 
dispatches delivered in Bali- 
Room at the Duchess of 
Richmond's ; his momentary 
abstraction while making 
his decision 89 

Cordiality of operations be- 
tween Wellington and Blu- 
cher ib. 

Wellington with Blucher at 
the windmill at Lisny, at 
I past 8 o'clock on £e 16th 90 

Wellington's ruse on changing 
positipn on the 17th ... 91 

The Duke of Richmond in 
the field of action .... ib, 

Mr. Whitbread's opinion of 
the Duke of Wellington . . 91 

The Duke of Wellington and 
G odfirey of Bouillon ... 92 

Retreat, — Genappe, — and 
Gen. Duhesme t^. 

No water on the field of 
battle after the action . . ib. 

LIEUT.-QENERAL LORD 
HILL'S General Order af- 
ter the battle 94 

Anecdotes and particulars, 
communicated by French 
officers 95 

Buonaparte on the 19th at 
Caillou . . . . • ib 

His lodging and breakfast . . t^ 

G eneral Vandamme wounded 96 

Signs of distress of a brother 
Mason, by an English Of- 
ficer, and French kindness ib. 

Buonaparte and Grenadiers, 
9 o'clock 97 

Sev^n officers sent to Grou- 
chy, the last only reached ib. 

Gen. Drouet and Gen. Bour- 
mont 98 

Extract from Warden's Let- 
ters, on the conversation 
with Buonaparte or his of- 
ficers, respecting the Battle 
of Waterloo 99 



Page 
Recital of details by a Belgic 

officer 99 to 102 

Grant to the P. of Orange . . 102 
Anecdote of Lord March . . ib. 
Emperor of Russia, &c. Visit 

to the Field of Waterloo. . 108 
Sketch of Prince Blucher's 

Life t^. 

activi^ 92 

General Count Bulow's death 
^nd character 106 

Duke of Mariborough and 
Waterloo ib. 

General Count Drouefs ac- 
count of the Campaign, 
which states a 5th corps. 
This account drew Mar* 
shal Ney*$ statement fin'- 
ward ..... i . 108 to 114 

Operations of Grouchy's 

corps 115 

De Coster's attested Narra- 
tive df Buonaparte during 
the action^, &c. 116 

Field of battle, one month 
after the battie described 121 

Conclusion 125 

Duke of Wellington's Answer 
to the Thanks in Parlia- 
ment ib. 

Prince Blucher's do 126 

The Speaker's Address to 
Lord Edward Somer- 
set and Sir Henrt 
. Clinton, with their Re- 
plies I2lr 

Considerations upon the re- 
turn of the I8th June, 1816 132 

Anniversary of the day at 
Windsor, Brussels, &c. . • 133 

Appropriate Address and 
Grace to the soldiers at 
Windsor 136 

Society formed to perpetuate 
the anniversary of the Bat- 
tle of Waterloo 133 



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TABLE OF CONTENTS — VOL. II. 



Xlll 



APPENDIX. 



Page 



Effective strength of each re- 
giiDent in the Battle of 
Waterloo , 138 

Abstract of the artiUery force 
in Belgium 141 

of the killed and 

wounded .140 

Prince's Order. for the Wa- 
terloo Medal, and for wear- 
ing the same ....... 142 

Gen. Lord Hill's Order after 
the battle 94 

Gen. Sir Charles ColviUe's 
DiYision Order 141 

Gen. Sir James Kempf s do. ik. 

Gen. Bloomfield's letter to 
9 brig. Artillery 142 

Forty-fourth regt. 2d bat. 
honours conreyed to the 
1st bat 141 

PeoMoas for losing an eye, 
Ssc^c. 148 



Page 
Pensions for Officers' widows, 

regimental 143 

Pensions to Oftcer's widows. 

Staff • 144 

Precedency of Relatives . . ib. 
Regulations for the Waterloo 

Grant ib. 

London Merchants' Letter, 
June30,18i5, to the Duke 
of Wellington, with his 
Grace's reply thereto . . . 144 
Address of the Committee for 
the Waterloo Fund, on the 
first anniversary • • . . • 146 



Register op the Names 
OF THE Officers EM- 
PLOYED IN THE CAM- 
PAIGN.— Their lank ^nd 
regimental order 

Alphabetical order, or Index 
to the Names 



DESCRIPTION 

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DESCRIPTION 

OF THE 

MAPS, PLANS, AND ETCHINGS, 

WHICH ILLUSTRATE THIS WORK, 



The Duke of Wdliugton from a Bust by Hop|>€r» 

By Captain George Jones. 

Prince Blucher by Do. ' 

And i^c-sitnilie of their Autograpliy . 

Waterloo Medal. Title, FoL It. 

Description. — ^The Medal givea to the Officer* and Soldiers 
who were engaged in the battle of Waterloo was executed by Mr. 
T. Wyon, jun. and is of fine silver, and weighs J 02. ITiere is no dif- 
ference between those presented to the Offiders or to the Privates. 
Around the outer edge is impressed the man's name who receives the 
Medal, his rank, aad the regiment. or corps to which he belongs. On 
the obverse of the Medal, is the bust of H. R. H. the Prince Regent, 
with the inscription George P. Regent. The reverse side bears a 
figure of Victory, holding in her right hand her proper emblem, the 
Palm-branch ; in her left, the Olive-branch, which indicates peace, 
as the effect of that glorious achievement which is inscribed on the 
plinth on which the figure is seated ; and above the figure is inscribed 
the name of the great Conmiander under whom this victory was gained. 

To die Medal b affixed a steel loop and ring, with a short ribbon 
of crimson edged with blue, by which it is attached to the coat of the 
wearer, over the left breast. Fide Princt^s order for vpearing the 
Medal in Appendix. 

Thus far for the description of the Medal ; but it is right to make 
a remark on the method of inscribing the men's names on the edge> 
which was not done in the usual way of engraving ; but were impressed, 
by which they were more expeditiously prepared, and are much su- 
perior in appearance. The mvention is ingenious^ and reflects credit on 
the mechanics of His Majesty's Mint, who were the inventors of it. 



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jy Bmth^s Battle of Waterloo. 

MapotPlanA. 

Represents the theatre of war from die fiovth of France to th« 
Strai^ts of Calais, to the R^e, and firom Holland io Paris. The 
bine or green Kne marks^'tbe frontiers of France, according to the 
treaty of Paris, IB14. All the strong places of France are diatiur 
guisbed by red, of which there are seventy*six, not comprising 
Paris, but comprehending Chateau-Thierry, Rheims, Soissons, 
Laon, and La Fere (lately fortified). 

The strong places possessed by the Allies on the 15th of 
June, marked by yellow, are situated between the Rhine and the 
Meuse. The Allies had only the strong fortress of Luxemburg, and 
from die Meuse to the sea, they had three newly-fortified places^ 
Mons having eighteen thousand inhabitants, 'Toumay twenty-two thou- 
sand, and Yprea fifteen thousand. Thus the frontiers of the Liow 
Countries, and of Germany to the left bank of die Rhine, a length #f 
110 leagues, had but four fortresses for ito defence, while Frapce in 
the same space had more than fifty. 

Map B. comprehends the whole space of the operations firom |h^ 
14th to die £2nd of June. The blue lines denote the places where ihe 
four corps of the army of Prussians collected, and their line of ad- 
vanced posts are marked by the blue dots towards the Sambre^ ex- 
tending as far as Labbas and Binch ; towards the Meuse, to oppQsite 
Givet and Bamain. 

Map CI and O. represents die position and disposition of the 
English, Prussian, and French, from Quatre Bras and Ligny, 

Map D. The Batde of L4gny at five o'clock. 
Map or Plan E. F. G. 
During the nine hours battle, it would be impossible to describe the 
blind, and ferocious courage with which the French masses marched 
upon the English, nor the intrepid courage, the persevering and heroic 
coolness with which the latter awaited, sustained, and repuls^, the 
reiterated attacks of their enemies. The limited space of the 
combat, the rapidity of the attacks and movements of the different 
corps, could not be described in ten plans; every testimony h^Sj 
however, been collected by die £<filor; besides which, the thick 
smoke of the powder, which was prevented from rising above the sur- 



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Description of Maps, Plans, and Etchings, S^c. xvi 

face of the earth by a heavy atmosphere, scarcely adlowed the field of 
battle to be seen at once. The obscurity was sometimes so great, 
that die French masses got widiin twenty paces of die English bat- 
talions before they were perceived, which rendered their attacks still 
more dangerous to the English. The movements at three periods, 
viz. die beginning, the middle, and the advance, will be found 
in the map, E. F* G. Connected with the operations at Wavre. 

A very elaborate plan of the battle, with the several formations, 
agreeably to a copy delivered from die Horse-Guards, next follows. 



Also printed for the 4to. Edition, but which may be bought 
separately by the possessors of the 8vo. — ^A plan of die field 
OF WATERLOO upon the largest scale, being five inches to 
A mile. The advantage of this scale must be manifest, as 
enabling the draftsman to give all the minutiae of the. operations as 
it regard the Allies or the Enemy, pointing out every feature of the 
ground, first and second positions, and tracings of the movements of 
die troops, in their combined movements or retreat. 

This Map is accompanied by an Historical Memoir and numerous 
references, that renders it the most satisfactory ^o those who wish every 
detail. This Map, with the Memoir, is sold separate, to accom- 
modate the Purchasers of die Edition in 8vo. Price lOs. with 
the References and Memoir, 135. in Case. Connected with this Map, 
is also published one on die scale of the celebrated Count Ferrari's 
Map, taking a wider scope, comprehending the preceding field of 
batde with the others, giving also a plan of Brussels, of Waterloo^ 
Wood of Sbignes, &C. entitled " An Historical Map and Plan of 
the whole Theatre of Action, describing every retrograde, advance, 
or other movements of the Enemy as well as the Allied Troops, 
from the beginning of the operations on the 14th and 15di of June, 
to the ]9th and £Oth. This map is also sold separate. Price 
79. 6d. ; in Case, for Travellers, lOs. 6d. It also offers itself as a most 
excellent guide to those who may choose to make a pilgrimage to this 
spot, its accuracy having been proved by an officer of rank who 
walked over the ground with it before it was engraved. 



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ULUSmiATIONS 

TO 

BOOTHS BATTLE OP WATERLOO, 

BT A JKTMJl OB3BRVBE, 



I J 11 mi l' 



<••. Pnft Vol. 

1 <«TheDv||»4ir «V4|iiigtonli«4iigihowiitlielhike 

jtf Brunswick a ktttr» ointtged Ms tiorse, and l&ey 

tetofftogallMr^ d2 1 

5 BATTLE OF JdOKV. ^ft mm here a eonteit 

began, the moit obetfinate vecMded in ^Biory*^ 202 

. I BATTLE OF LiGWY. ^* Mar. Bludier, stunned 

bjr the ▼ioleat4rii» lay entaag^ under fab horscT' . 81l;209 1 
4 BATTLE OP QUATRE BRAft. ^' 9ktV.nettm 

ofdcrnig the «hafge of 6k lames Kemp's Brigade ' « ' e2 1 
« BATTLE OF QUATItEli&AS.^irT.Bel80n and 

18th regt^4he square femamed steady" 82 2 

6 BATTLE OF QUATOE BRA«. Lt.^oL Macara 
ofthe42dMgt lb I 

T BATTLE OF QUATRE BRAS. 7l9tregt «'The 
fiper suddenly simok up4he ' Pibroch^' and followed 
tatothetfakhestofAe'fi^t^ 87 1 

a SATTLE OF QUATRE BRAS. •* Fall of the 

DukaofBmns^kk'' . . . . ; 8f»M, 111 1 

• AUARDS, OFFICERS. ^* Tha last tribute to thie 

brave* 5^ i 



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xviii References and- Lisi of Plates to 

No. Pafc Vol. 

10 *' MARQUIS OF AN6LESET charging on the ITdi 

of June, at the entrance mto Genappc • • • • 72 1 

11 THE DUKE OF WELUNGTON AND HIS 
STAFF at the commencement of the action on the 

18th of June 32 1 

12 DEFENCE OF HOUGOMONT. "Who«uceeeded , 

in gaining great part ot the wood" % 26, 43 tS 

13 HOUGOMONT. " The ArtiBery officers had the 
range so accurately, that every shot and shell fell 

into the very centre of their masses" 16, 43 2 

14 '' The DidLe led on a brigade* consisting of the 52d 
and&5thregt" . . . 64*83 ^1 

15 LAHAYESAINTE. «< Close by a large baildin|^ 

occupied alternately by friend and foe". • • • • xM 2 

16 WATERLOO, 2 P. M. /• Left of the British line. 
Charge of the Royals* Greys*, and Inniskillingi* con- 
ducted by the Marquis of Anglesey and Sir W. 
Ponsonby. The body of Gen. Picton* who fell 
leading on the infiintry* is borne from thefiekL 

The village of Frichermont in the distance • • . ' 

17 PONSONBY'S BRIGADE* <' At this critical mo* 

ment* the Marquis of Anglesey galloped pp" • • . . 66 f 
IB Maj^en. Sir W. Ponsonby's Brig, charging* *' the , . 
Greys preserved a beautiful line at speed. After . . 
considerable resistance* the Eagles of the 46th aipd 
106th regts. were seized" " # . .. .66.3 

19 TheMofMaj.-Gea. SirW,Ponsonby*K.C.B. '*8 -2 

20 ** French Cuirassiers advanced to the mouth of our 

cannon* &c. three o'clock" ♦.,..... ,^64»«67»*1 

21 Singular gallantry of an Officer of the Impenal . 

Guards • 63 1 

* 



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Booth's Battle <f Wattrloo. - m 

IS The Hob. Lieut-CoL Ponsonby, 12th Drtg- <' Ah t 

Brigtnd ; tu n'ett pas mort doac^ • • • • • 87 S 

tZ UEUT^ENERAL SIR T. PICTON Miothe 

thickest of the fight Ml 

S4 The Greys and 92d cheered and huuaid ** Scotland 

forever^ ••f •• 701 

56 Corporal Shaw of the Life Guards 90 1 

26 Sergeant Tsylor. 18th Hussars and French Cuiias- 

siers^^'hai har &c. ft S 

57 BRUNSWICKERS SALAMANDERS. Cuirassim* 

repulsed by a square of Brunswickers • • • • 86 1 

28 '* Up, Guards, and at them T 88 1 

29 GENERAL LORD HILL AND I8TH. << Drive . 

them back, 18th ^ 88 2 

80 WATERLOO, 8 P. M . Right of the British line. 
The Duke of Wellington ordering the general ad« 
vance, at the time the Enemy's columns were repulsed 
by the Guards, and taken in flank by Gen. Adam's 
Brigade. The wood of Hougomont is on the right, 
and the Observatory in the distance 

81 WATERLOO, 8 P. m. Centre of the Brituh line. 
^ The Marquis of Anglesey, on the general advance, 

directing the Brigades of cavalry on the right of La 
Haye Sainte. La Belle Alliance, the road to Char- 
leroi, and the spires of Planchenob in the distance 

82 •'NOW EVERY MAN MUST ^ADVANCE !' 61 2 
88 •' It was at LA BELLE ALLIANCE, pierced' 

through and through, they accidently mef ' . k • 88 I 

84 The retreat at Genappe. '< The Duke fell yesterday, 

and thou shaU also bite die dttsr ...... 90 1 



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PART I. 

CntCUMSTANTIAJL J]>ETAIL, 

BBLATIVE TO THE 

BATTLE OF WATERLOO, 

CONTAINING ALSO 

FURTHER PARTICULARS COLLECTED FROM THE 

COMMUNICATION AND CORRESPONDENCE OF 

SEVERAL OFFICERS OF RANK 

AND DISTINCTION, 

iCTIVELV EMPLOYED IN DIFFERENT PARTS OP tHE FIELD OF ACTIOX, 

mcLCDmo 

A FRENCH OFFICER'S DESCRIPTION, 

VHO WAS AN EYE WITNESS, &c. 



On the evening of Thursday the 15th of June, 
an officer arrived at Brussels, from Marshal filu- 
cher, to announce that hostilities had commenced. 
The Duke of Wellington was sitting after dinner, 
iwith a party of officers, over the desert and wine, 
when he received the dispatches containing this un- 
expected news. Marshal Blucherhatd been attacked 
that day by the French ; but he seemed to consider 
it as a mere affair of outposts, which was not likely to 
proceed much further at present, though it might pro- 
bably prove the prelude to a more important engage- 
ment.* It was the opinion of most military men in 
Brussels, thisit it was the plan of the Enemy by a false 
alarm to induce the Allies to concentrate their chief 
military force in that quarter, in order that he might 
more successfully make a serious attack upon some 

* The first inteUigence of the epmmencement of hostilities was known in Lon- 
don, St ibnr o'clock on Tuesday afternoon, June 20, 1815^ (ViU Pmri S, noU in 
OfieUil BuUeHn.) 



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^ CIRCUMSTANTIAL DETAIL. 

other point, aud that it was against Brussels and the 
English army, that the blow would be aimed. The 
troops were ordered to hold themselves in readiness, 
to march at a moments notice ; but no immediate 
movement was expected ^ and for some hours all wa^i 
quiet. 

It was past midnight, and profound repose seemed 
to reign over Brussels, when suddenly the drums beat 
to arms, and the trumpet's loud call was heard from 
every part of the city. It is impossible to describe 
the effect of these sounds, heard in the silence of the 
night. We were not long left in doubt of the truth. 
A second officer had arrived from Blucher:* the 
attack had become serious ; the enemy were in con- 
siderable fdrce ; they had taken Charleroi, and had 
gained some advantage over the Prussians, and our 
troops were ordered to march immediately to sup- 
port them: instantly every place resounded with 
martial preparations. There was not a house in 
which military were not quartered, and consequently, 
the whole town was one universal scene of bustle : 
the soldiers were seen assembling from all parts in 
the Place Royale, with their knapsacks upon their 
backs ; some taking leave of their wives and chil* 

* The second officer arrived from Blacher before It o*clock on the night of 
the 15th, and the dispatches were delivered to the Duke of Wellington, in 6ie 
Ba]l*rooin of the Dncheis of Richmond. While he ivai veadiag tfiem, be 
•eemed to be completdy absorbed by their contents ; and afkei^ he had finished, 
for some minnteshe remained in the same attitnde of deep reflection, totally ab- 
stracted from every sorromiding object, while his comitenance was expressive 
of fixed and intense thought. He was heard to say to himself— <' Marshal to- 
cher thinks"—^' It is Marshal Blacher*s opinion,"— and after remaining thus a 
few nunates, and having apparently formed hjs decision, he gave hi^ nsaal dear 
and concise ordecs to one of Us staff officm, who instaatly left the reeai, and 
was again as gay and animated as ever ; he staid sapper, and then went home. 

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BATTLE OF WATEELOO. 3 

dren; others sitting down unconcernedly upon the 
sharp pav^nent, waiting for their comrades ; others 
sleeping upon packs of straw, surrounded by all 
che din of war, while bit horses and baggage wag- 
gons were loading ; artillery and commissariat trains 
harnessing, officers riding in all directions, carts clat- 
tering, chargers ndghing, bugles sounding, drums 
beating, and colours flying. 

A most laughable contrast to this martial scene 
was presented by a long procession of carts coming 
quietly in, as usual, from the country to market, 
filled with old Flemish women, who looked irresis- 
tibly comic, seated among their piles of cabbages, 
baskets of green peas, early potatoes, and straw- 
berries, totally ignorant of the cause of all these war- 
like preparations, and gazing at the scene around 
them with many a look of gaping wonder, as they 
jogged merrily along, one after another, through the 
Place Royale, amidst the crowds of soldiers, and 
the confusion of baggage waggons. 

Yet there was order amidst all this apparent con- 
fusion. Regiment after 'raiment formed with the 
utmost regularity, and marched out of Brussels. 
About four o'clock in the morning, the 42nd and 
92nd Highland regiments marched through the Place 
Royale, and the. Pare. One could not but admire 
tbek* fine appearance ; their firm, collected, steady, 
military demeanour, as they went rejoicing to battle^ 
with tbdr bagpipes playing before them, and the 
beams of the lising sun shining upon their glittering 
arms. Before that sun bad set in night, how many of 
that gallant btod were laid low I They fought like 
heroes, and like heroes they fell — an honour to Ibeir 

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4 CIRCUMSTANTIAL DETAIL. 

country. , On many a highland hill, and thi-ough many 
a lowland valley, long will the deeds of these brave 
men be fondly remembered, and their fate deeply de- 
plored. Never did a finer body of men take the field 
— never did men march to battle, that were destined 
to perform such services to their country, and to 
obtain such immortal renown ! It was impossible to 
witness such a scene unmoved. Thousands were 
parting with their nearest and dearest relations, and to 
every British heart it was a moment of the deepest 
interest. Our countrymen were marching out to 
battle — they might return victorious — and we proudly 
indulged the hope of their triumph ; but they were 
going to meet an Enemy formidable by their numbers, 
and their discipline; commanded by a leader, whose 
military talents had made him the terror, and the 
Tyrant of Europe, and \^hose remorseless crimes and 
unbounded ambition had so long been its scourge. 
Not only was the safety of our brave army at stake, 
but the glory which Britain had so dearly purchased 
and so nobly won — her prosperity — her greatness 
— her name among other nations-^the security and the 
fate of Europe, depended upon the issue of that events 
ful contest, which was now on the eve of being de- 
cided. 

Our troops, however, who had never known defeat, 
were confident of success, under the command of 
h General who had so lately led a victorious army 
from the shores of the Tagus, over the Mountains 
of the Pyrenees, and carried conquest and dismay 
into the heart of France; under whom they had 
never fought but to conquer, and whom they now 
followed to battle as to certain victory. What could 

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BATTLE OF WATERLOO* 6 

not British soldiers do under such a general ? What 
could not such a general do with such soldiers ? The 
Duke of Wellington himself, with a candour and 
modesty which does him the highest honour, made 
an observation, which t)ught never to be forgotten. 
" When other Generals commit any error, their army 
is lost by it, and they are sure to be beaten ; when I 
get into a scrape, my army get me out of it." 

Before eight in the morning the streets, which had 
been filled with busy crowds, were empty and si- 
lent ; the great Square of the Place Royale, which 
had been filled with armed men, and with all the ap- 
purtenances and paraphernalia of war, was now quite 
deserted. 

The Flemish drivers were sleeping in the tilted 
carts that were destined to convey the wounded — the 
heavy baggage waggons ranged in order, and ready 
to move when occasion might require, were standing 
uuder the guard of a few centinels; some officers 
were still to be se^n riding out of town to join the 
army. The Duke Wellington had set off in great 
spirits, observing, that as Blucher had most likely 
settled the business himself by this time, he should 
perhaps be back to dinner. Sir Thomas Picton 
mounted upon his charger, in soldier-like style, with 
bis reconnoitring-glass slung across his shoulder, 
gaily accosting his friends as he rode through the 
streets, left Brussels in the highest spirits never to 
return. It was on. this very morning that Napoleon 
Boonaparte made the boast, that to-morrow pight he 
would sleep at Lacken.* 

* k palace now belonging to the Ring of Holland, aboat three nulea beyond 
Brussels, in an elevated situation, sarroand«d by beautiful grounds. It ^vfl6 
fitted op with great magniiicence by Loub Buonaparte, and Napoleon himself 
9tald there in his progress through the Netherlands. 

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6 CIRCUMSTANTIAL DETAIL. 

After the army were gone, Brussels seemed indeecf 
a perfect desert. Every countenance was marked 
with anxiety or melancholy — every heart was filled 
with anxious expectation. It was not, however, sap- 
posed that any action would take place that day. 
What was then the general consternation, when about 
three o'clock, a furious cannonading began ! — It was 
certainly in the direction our army had taken — it came 
from: Waterloo ! — Had our troops then encountered 
the French before they had joined the Prussians ? — 
Were they separately engaged ? — ^Where ? — When ? — 
How ?— In vain, did every one ask questions which 
none could answer— numbers of people in carriages 
and on horseback set off towards Waterloo, and re- 
turned no wiser than they went, each bringing back 
a different story — a thousand absurd reports, totally 
devoid of foundation, were circulated — what you were 
told one minute, was contradicted the next. Accord- 
ing to some, Blucher bad been completely beaten — 
according to others, he had gained a complete victory ; 
— some would have it, that 30,000 French were left 
dead on the field of battle — others, that about the 
same number were advancing to surprise Brussels. 
It was even said that the English army were retreat- 
ing in confusion — but the bearers of this piece of in- 
telligence were received with so much indignation, and 
such perfect incredulity, that they were glad to hold 
their peace. Some said the scene of action was 
twenty miles off— others that it was only six. At 
length intelligence came from the army, brought by an 
officer who had left the field after five o'clock. The 
British, in their march, had encountered the En^my 
on the plains of Fleurus,* about fifteen miles from Z ^ 

* The French were not destined to be a second time Tictorions on tite plabu 

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I 

BATTLE OF WATERLOO. 7 

Brussels. — The Highland regiments received the fu- 
rious onset of the whole French army, without yielding 
one inch of ground. With resolute unshaken valour 
they fought to the last, and fell upon thd very spot 
where they first drew their swords. The combat 
wa^ terrible— the Enemy were in much more for- 
midable force than had been represented, and de- 
riving coBfidence from their immense superiority of 
nimibers, they fought most furiously — Blucher was 
separately engi^ed with aiio&er division of French 
at some distance, and could give us no assistance. 
Yet this brave handful of British had undauntedly 
stood their ground, repulsed every attack, and were 
still fighting vrith the fullest confidence of success. 
In the words of this officer, " all was well." 

Still the cannonading continued, and apparently 
approached nearer.* The French were said to be 30 
or 40,000 strong. Only 10,000 British troops had 
marched out of Brussels — our army was unconcen- 
trated — it was impossible that the cavalry could have 
come upr— the principal part of the artillery were at a 
distance. Under such circumstances, it was impossi- 
ble, even with the fullest confidence in British valour^ 
not to feel extreme anxiety for the army. Unable to 
rest, we wandered about the Fare the whole eveping, 
or stood upon the ramparts listening to the heavy can- 
nonade^ which towards 10 o'clock became fainter, and 
soon afterwards entirely died away. 

No further intelligence had arrived — the cannonade 

of Fleams. Abottt the end of the 17th century, a peat battle was fought there, 
in which they completely defeated, instead of being defeated by, the Allies, 

* Probably because in the stillness of evening^ it was heard more distinctly. 
Tbere was no real change of position. 



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8 



CIRCUMSTANTIAL DETAIL. 



had continued five hours since the last accounts came 
away* The anxiety to know the result of. the battle 
may be in^ined. 

Betweerf twelve and one, we suddenly heard the 
noise of the rapid rolling of heavy carriages, in long 
succession, passing through the Place Royale, min- 
gled with the loud cries and exclamations of the 
people below. For some minutes we listened iu 
silence, — faster and faster, atid louder and louder, the 
long train of artillery continued to roll through the 
town ; the cries of the affrighted people increased; 
In some alarm we hastily ran out to inquire the 
cause of this tumult : the first person we encountered 
was a scared Fille-de*chambre, who exdaimed 

in a most piteous tone — " ^ — ~ 

— ■ - les Francois sont tout pr^s— dans une 



petite demi-heure ils seront ici 



■ " — Que ferons-nous, que ferons- 

nous ! -^ — il faut 

partir tout de suite." Questions were in vain — she 
could only reiterate again and again,—-'' Les Francois 
sont tout pr^s--rLes Francois sont tout pr^s," — and 
then renew her exclamationaand lamentations. As we 
fiew down stairs, the house seemed deserted, every 
room door was open^— the candles were left burning 
on the table« — every body had run out into the 
Place Royale, and the solitude and silence which 
reigned within, formed a fearful contrast to the in- 
creasing tumult without. At the bottom of the stairs, 
a group of affrighted Belgians were assembled — 
consternation picture on their faces. They could 
only tell us that intelligence had been brought, of a 
large body of French having been seen advancing 

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BATTI*£ OF WATERLOO. 9 

through the woods to take Brussels, that they were 
witfaia half an hourjs inarch of the city, (which was 
wholly undefended), and that the English army was 
in foil retreat. " C'est trop vrai — c'est t^op yrai/' 
vras repeated on every side, " and the train of artillery 
that was passing through (they said) was retreating !" 
We had soon, however, the satisfaction of being 
assured that the artillery were passing through to 
join the army, that they were not retreating, but ad- 
vancing ; and finding that the report of the French 
being within half an hour's march of the city, rested 
only on the authority of some Belgians, our alarm 
gradually subsided — some people indeed took Hieir 
departure — but as the French did not make their ap- 
pearance, some went to bed, and others lay down in 
their clothes, by no means assured that their slumbeps 
might not be broken by the entrance of the French* 
In fact between five and six, we were roused by a 
loud knocking at the door, and the cries of '' Les 
Francois sont ici— rJLes Francois sont ici." Starting 
up, the first sight we beheld, was a troop of 
Belgic cavalry — covered — not with glory, but with 
mod,* galloping through the town at full jsip^, as if 
the enemy were at their heels ; and immediatdy the 
heavy baggage waggons, which had been harnessed 
from the moment of the firist alarm, set off full gaUop 
down La Montague de la Cour, and through every 
street by which it was possible to effect their escape. 
In less than two minutes, the great Square of the 
Place Roy ale, which had been crowded with men 
and horses. Carts and baggage waggons, was com- 

♦ L*Oracle de Bruxelles said, that the Belgic troops had " covered theroseWe* 
«ritli glory." 

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10 CIRCUMSTANTIAL DETAIL. 

pletely cleared of every thing, and entirely deserted. 
Again were the cries repeated, of ** Les Francois sont 
ici! — lis s'emparentde laporte de la ville !" The doors 
of all the bed-rooms were thrown open, the people flew 
out with their night-caps on, scarcely half dressed, and 
looking quite distracted, running about pale and trem- 
bling they knew not whither, with packages under 
their arms — some carrying huge heterogeneous col- 
lections of things down to the cellars, and others 
loaded with their property flying up to the garrets. 
The poor Fille-de-chambre, nearly frightened out of 
her wits, was standing wringing her hands, unable 
to articulate any thing but '^ Les Frani^ois-^Les Fran- 
cois! — while the Cuisiniere exclaimed with more dig- 
nity, ** Nous sommes tons perdus." 

In the Court-yard below, a s^ene of the most dread- 
ful confusion ensued ; description can giTe but a 
faint idea of the scuffle that took place to get at the 
horses and carriages ; the squabbling of masters and 
servants, ostlers, chambermaids, coachmen, and gen- 
tlemen, all scolding at once, and swearing in French, 
English, and Flemish; while every opprobrious 
epithet and figure of speech which the three lan- 
guages contained were exhausted upon each other, 
and the confusion of tongues could scarcely have 
been exceeded by that of the Tower of Babel. Some 
made use of supplication, and others had recourse 
to force ; words were followed by blows. One half 
of the Belgic drivers refused either to go themselves, 
or let their beasts go, and with many gesticulations 
called upon all the saints and angels in heaven to wit* 
ness, that they would not set out — no, not to save 
the Prince of Orange himself ; and neither love nor 

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BATTLE OF WATERLOO. 11 

money, nor threats, nor intreaties, could induce them 
to alter this determination. Those \i^ho had horses, 
or means of procuring them, set off with most asto- 
nish fng expedition, and' one English carriage after 
another took the road to Antwerp. 

It was impossible for the people at Brussels, who 
were wholly ignorant of the event of the battle, and 
acquainted only with the disadvantageous circum- 
stances under which it had been fought, not to fear 
that the Enemy might at last have succeeded in 
breaking through the British, or at least the Prussian 
lines, or that Buonaparte, eyer fertile in expedients, 
might have contrived to elude their vigilance, and to 
send a detachment under cover of night, by a cir- 
cuitous rout^, to seize the unguarded city, the posses- 
sion of which was to him of the highest importance. 
The news of the advance of the French — the alarming 
reports which had been brought in from all quarters 
daring the night — the flight of the Belgic troops, and 
i^ove all, the failure of any intelligence from our own 
army, tended to corroborate this last alsurm, and it 
seemed but too certain that the Enemy were actually 
at hand. At length after a considerable interval of 
terror and suspense, an Aid-de-camp of the Duke of 
Wellington arrived, who had left the army at four 
Q'clock, and, to our unspeakable joy, this was found 
to be a false alarm. It had been spread by those das- 
tardly Belgians whom we had seen scampering 
through the town, and who had, it is supposed, met 
with some straggling party of the Enemy.' It was 
also said, that a foraging party of French had come 
bravadoing to the gates of the city, summoning it to 
surrender. A considerable number of French, in- 



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12 CIRCUMSTANTIAL DETAIL. 

deed, entered the town soon after; but they were 
French prisoners.* The Duke's Aid-de-camp brought 
the welcome information, that the British army, 
though attacked by such a tremendous superiority 
of numbers, and under every possible disadvantage, 
had completely repulsed the finemy, and remained 
masters of the field of battle. The cavalry, or at 
least a considerable part of them, had come up 
at the close of the action, but too late to take any 
part in it: thus our infantry had sustained, during 
the whole of the day, the attack of the enemy's ca- 
valry as well as infantry. 

The Duke expected that the attack would be 
renewed this morning; but the army was now col- 
lected, and joined both by the cavalry and artillery, and 
a more decisive engagement might be expected. The 
loss of the Enemy in killed, wounded, and prisoners 
had been great. The defeat which the Prussians had 
sustained coiild not, however, be concealed,! and the 
Belgians were filled with consternation and dismay. 
The corpse of the Duke of Brunswick had passed 
through. Brussels during the night, and his fate 
seemed to make a great impression upon the minds 
of the people.^ Waggons filled with the wounded 

* The French themselves acknowledged their loss was nearly eqnal to ours ; 
heavy as ours was, theirs was much more severe. Generals Dumoulin and Am< 
baceres, Aldes-de-Camp to Buonaparte, arrived at Brussels as prisoners, 17th in 
the morning. Editor, 

t The war took a most ferocious character between the French and Prus- 
sians from the very beginning. Before the opening of the campaign, the 1st and 
2nd corps of the French had hoisted the black flag. They openly avowed, that 
they would give no quarter to the Prussians, and in general they kept their word. 
The Prussian loss, in all the affairs together, is calculated at 38,120 men. E. 

t In die spirit of the days of Chivalry, the Duke of Brunswick had taken a 
solemn oath that he would never sheath the sword, till he had avenged the in- 
sult offered to the tomb of his father. It is to be lamented, that be should ftav« 

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BATTLE OF WATERLOO. 13 

began to arrive, and the melancholy spectacle of 
these poor sufferers increased the general despon- 
dency. The streets were filled with the most pitiable 
sights. We saw a Belgic soldier dying at the door 
of his own home, and surrounded by his relatires, 
who were weeping over him ; numerous were the 
sorrowful groups standing round the dead bodies of 
those who had died of their wounds in the way home. 
Numbers of wounded, who were able to walk, were 
wandering upon every road ; their blood-stained clothes 
and pale haggard countenadces, perhaps, giving the 
idea of sufferings even greater than the reality. 

It is well known that on the forenoon of this day, 
(Saturday), the Duke of Wellington fell back about 
scvjBu miles, upon Waterloo, in order to take up a 
position more favourable for the cavalry, and from 
which he could keep up the communication with 
Marshal Blucher, who had retreated upon Wavre. 

Never was there a more masterly or successful 
manoeuvre. By superior generalship, every plan of 
the Enemy was baflSed; although constantly on the 
watch, he never had it in his power to attack our re- 
treating army to the smallest advaintage. The con- 
fession escaped from Napoleon himself, that it was 
on his part " a 'day of false manoeuvres.'' In the 
mean time it is impossible to describe the panic that 
the news of this retreat spread at Bruss^els. Nobody 
could convince the Belgians that a retreat and a 

fidten witboot the satUfkctioD of knowing how fiiU aqd glorioiu . was the 
lerenge for which he panted. The sincerity of the sorrow which even in a 
aoment of snch universal consternation, was every where testified for his Joss, 
aflbrds the highest enlogiom on his virtues. Peace to ashes ! His death has 
been hononred by the best funeral oration— the lamentations of the pe«ple« A 
$ltd€h nf hia lifty wm he found tUtkeendnf thUif^lmmt, 



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14 CIRCUMSTANTIAL DETAIL. 

fl%bt were not one and the same thing ; and, firmly 
convinced that the English had been defeated, they 
fully expected every moment to see them enter Bros- 
sels in the utmost confusion, with the French after 
them: even the English themselves, vrho had the 
most unbounded confidence in the British army and 
its commanders, and who were certain that if they 
retreated it would be with good order, steady disci- 
pline, and undaunted courage, began to fear that the 
immense superiority of the Enemy had made the Duke 
judg^ it prudent to fall back until joined by fresh 
reinforcements. 

There is a mistaken idea in this country, that the 
French, that even Napoleon Buonaparte himself was 
popular in Belgium. This was a moment when Hy- 
pocrisy itself would have found it impossible to dis- 
semble; and the dismay which reigned upon every 
face, and the terror which filled every town and vil- 
lage, when it was believed that the French were vic- 
torious — the execrations with which their very names 
were uttered— the curses, " not loud but deep," half 
repressed by fear, betrayed how rooted and sincere 
was their hatred of the tyranny from which they had 
so recently escaped. There may be miscreants* of 

* Among hU papers taken after the Battle of Waterloo, was a list of eighty 
inhabitants of Bmssels, whose persons and property were to be respected by the 
French army on its entrance iiito that city. Among these was a Flemish No- 
bleman, who had prepared a splendid supper for Buonaparte on the l^th. Of 
the remainder, several of thein had also prepared one for his' principal 
officers. Of this junto, the Nobleman who was to have been Buonaparte's host^ 
has fled. The others remained at Bnissels on Saturday, appamtiy wMont 
feu*, akhoug^ it is well known timt the Kug of the Netberhmds is in possession 
df €he4ist. it is also eertain, tiiat se^ieral Prodanat&ens were foond among «he 
yUP i is of Bconapaite, addressed ijnom Brassels, Lariten, Aec all pcepaved in 
conMspt expectation of Ids sooeess on the l«th, the capture of Brussels, aiid 
his irrtiptioii into Flanders and HoHahd. JBtfilsr. 

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BATTLE OF WATERLOO-^ 15 

ill ranks in Belgium, as in other countries, whom the 
hope of plunder, and the temptations of ambition will 
bring over to any party, where these can be obtained ; 
but by the great body of the niation, from the highest 
to the lowest, the French government is abhorred, 
and Napoleon himself is regarded with a detestation^ 
the strength of which we can form no idea of in this 
country. Their very infants are taught to lisp these 
smtiments, and to regard him as a monster. 

It would be endless to dwell upon e?ery fresh 
panic. An open town like Brussels, within a few 
miles of contending armies, is subject to perpetual 
alarms, and £(carcely an hour passed without some 
false reports occurring to spread general terror and 
confusion. Every hour only served to add to the dis- 
may. So great was the alarm in Brussels on Saturday 
evening, that one hundred napoleons were offered in 
vain for a pair of horses to go to Antwerp, a distance 
of nearly thirty miles ,* aod numbers set off on foot, and 
embarked in boats upon the canal. In the afternoon, 
a violent thunder-storm came on, followed by toirents 
of rain, which during the whole of the night, when 
the army were lying unsheltered upon the field of 
Waterloo, never ceased a single moment. On Sun- 
day the terror and confusion reached its highest 
point. News arrived of the French having gained a 
complete victory, and it wis universally believed. 
A dreadful panic had seized the men left in charge of 
the ba^age, in the rear of the army, and they ran 
away with a rapidity that could not have been sur- 
passed even by the French themselves. The road 
between Waterloo and Brussels, which lies throng^ 
the Forest of Soignies, is ce^mpietely^confined on either 

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16 CIRCUMSTAICTIAL DETAIL. 

side, by trees; it was soon choaked up; thojie be- 
hind attempted to get past those before — officers' ser- 
vants were struggling to secure their masters' bag- 
gage— panic-struck people forcing their way over 
every obstacle, with the desperation of fear,— and a 
complete scuffle ensued^ which might really be called 
a battle burlesqued, in which numbers of horses were 
killed, and some lives lost, not to mention, the in* 
numerable broken heads and black bruises sustained 
on the occasion. 

The road was covered with broken and overturned 
waggons — heaps of abandoned baggage— <)ead horses, 
and terrified people. In some places, horses, wag- 
gons, and all, were driven over high banks by the 
road side, in order to clear a passage. The quantity 
of rain that had fallen, of itself made the roads nearly 
impassable, and it was impossible for the wounded 
to be brought from the field. Certainly these Wa-* 
terlop Men who came flying into Brussels on Sunday, 
did not cut a very glorious figure ! 

At Antwerp", though more distant from the scene 
of action, the consternation was nearly as great. Long 
rows of carriages lined the streets, filled with fugi- 
tives, vfho could find no place of shelter ; and people 
of rank and fortune were glad to eat and sleep in one 
and the same miserable hole, which at any other time 
they would have disdained to have entered. So gr^at 
was the universal anxiety, that during the whole of 
Sunday, though the rain was almost incessant, the 
great Place de Maire was crowded with people, who 
stood from piprniag until night, under umbrellas^ iqi- 
patieptly watching the arrival of nevvs from the army, 
ai^d assailing every body who entered the town with 
fruitless inquiries. 

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BATTLE OF WATEELOO. 17 

Our persons indeed, and our oatward senses, might 
be in Antwerp or Brussels, but our whole hearts and 
souls were with the army. ' One common interest 
boimd together all ranks and conditions of men. All 
odier subjects— all other considerations were for- 
gotten — all distinctions were levelled — all common 
/orms thrown aside and neglected, — ladies accosted 
men they had never seen before with eager questions ;. 
no pre&ce — no apology — no ceremony was thought 
of— strangers conversed together like friends— all 
nmks of people addressed each other without besita- 
tion — every body seeking — every body giving infor<- 
fflation — and EngKsh reserve seemed no longer to exist. 

It is impossible to imagine the strong overpowering 
anxiety of b^ng so near such eventful scenes, without 
being able to learn what is really passing. To know 
that within a few miles such an awful contest is de- 
ciding—to hear even the distant voice of war — to think 
that in the roar of every cannon, your brave country- 
men are fallings bleeding, and dying— to dread that 
your friends, even those dearest to you, may be the 
victiiii»-n-to ei)diire the long and protracted suspense 
— tfia noastant agitation — the varying reports — ^the 
iQc^ssant alarms— r-the fluctuating hopes, and doubts, 
and fears-«rQo — none but those who have felt what it 
is, can conceive or undjerstand it. - 

This state of suspense had lasted three days, 
contintfal vague and contradictory reports, and ru- 
mours of evil, were brought in, during the whole of 
Smiday, which only served to increase the general 
anxiety. At length, between nine and ten in the 
evening, some wounded British officers arrived on 
horseback from the field, bringing the dreadful news, 
that the battle was lost, and that Brussels was actu- 

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18 CIRCUMSTANTIAL DETAIL. 

ally in the possession of the French! This was corro- 
borated by fugitives from Brussels, who affirmed they 
had seen the French in the town ; and one gentleman 
declared he had been pursued by thetn, half way to 
Maline&. It was even a^serted^ that the French had 
entered Malines : later accounts tended to cbn&rm 
these disastrous tiidings, and Antwerp was filled with 
consternation and dismay. Many people set off for 
Holland, thinking Antwerp uq longer safe. Through 
the whole night, carriages filled with the wounded — 
heavy waggons loaded with military stores — trdos of 
artillery and ammunition — Hanseatic troops to garri- 
son it, in case of a siege, continued to pour into the 
town. It was then, wh^n fear almost amounted to 
certainty, when suspense had ended in despair, after 
a night of misery — that the great, the glorious news 
burst upon us-^that the Allies had gained a complete 
victory — that the French — defeated-— routed--^i8«- 
persed— had fled from the field of battle — pursued by 
ouv conquering troops. No words can describe the 
feelings of that moment — no eloquence can paint the 
transport which filled every breast and brought 
tears into every eye. An express arrived at eight 
iu the morning, bringing a bulletin to Lady Fitzroy 
Somerset, dated from Waterloo, the preceding night, 
merely containing a brief account of the victory,. 
The tumults, the acclamations, the rejoicings which 
ensued— the voluble joy of. the Belgians, the more 
silent heartfelt thankfuln^pss of the British, the con- 
tending feelings of triumph, pity, sorrow, anxiety, 
gratitude, and admiration, may be conceived, but 
they cannot be described. A party of wounded 
Highlanders, who had found their way on foot from 
the field of battle, no sooner heard the news, thaii| 



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BATTLE OF. WATERLOO. 10 

F^ardl^ss of their sufferings, they begau to shout 
aod huzza with the most vociferous demoustrations 
of joy; and those who had the use of their arms^ 
threw their Highlancf bonnets into the air, calling 
out in broad Scotch, " Boney's beat ! — Boney^s beat ! 
--huzza ! — ^huzza ! — Boney's beat !" 

These Sketches of the Field on which the glo* 
rioud battle of the 18th of June was fought^ were 
taken on the spot, from the summit of a perpendi- 
cular bank, iiftmediately above the high road irom 
Brussels to Genappe, in the front of the centre of the 
British position. The First Plate represents the 
?iew as it appeared to the British Army, when 
drawn up in order of battle, on the morning of 
that memorable day, looking directly forward to the 
hamlet of La Belle Alliance, fig. 1 istnd 2 ; and the 
heights occupied by the French, fig. 3, 4, 5, and Plate 
2nd, fig. 6. The Second Plate, taken from the same 
spot, looking the contrary way, represents the ground 
occupied by the British, with the inrm-bouse . of 
La Haye Sainte, fig. 7, in front, and backed by the 
Forest of Soignies, fig. 8 and 9, Plate 2. Each 
plate forn^ a semi^circle, comprizing the whole 
view which the eye can take in at once. The two 
Plates join together at each end, as marked ; (A 
joining to A, and B joining to B,) forming a com* 
plete circle or panoramic view of the Field of Bat- 
tle, Every house, every bush, every tree, every 
undulation is distinctly copied from nature. There 
is not a spot On which the eye can rest, that was 
Wt immortalized by some heroic deed of British 
valour, and scarcely a clod of earth that was not 
covered with the wounded, and the dead bodies 
of our countrymen, and their vanquished foes. 

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20 CIRCUMSTANTIAL DETAIL. 

The ground on which the battle was fought, cannot 
at most exceed two miles from North to South, incla- 
ding the whole from the reat of the British to the rear 
of the French position. Vide plate and sketch, fig. 3, 
4, 5, and 6, was the height occupied by the Frencb, 
and plate 2, fig. 12, 13, 14, 15, the height occupied by 
the English. From fSast to West, from the extremity 
of the left to that of the right wing of the contending 
armies, is scarcely a mile and half in extent ;* the 
smallness of the space on which they fought, and the 
ipon^equent intermixture of the two armies, might 
liave occasioqed in some degree the sanguinary result 
of the battle. The Fpenqh positioq was di&cidedty 
|;he best; the emineQcethey occupied was higher> an4 
the ascent steeper th^p ours, aqid better adapted both 
lor attack and d^feviqe, The battle took place at 
fK>me distance froqi |;h^ yill^^ <^ Waterloo, which is 
situated behind th^ skirts of the Forest of Soignies, 
find is ifot seen from f:be field. Jt w^ occupied on 
Saturday, the night prececfing the battle^ by the 
Duke olf Wellington, the principal officers of his 
Staff, the Princp of Orange, I^ord Uxbfidge^ Sir 
Thomas Picton, Sir WiUiaip De Lanc^y, aqd othe)? 
general officers ; their names, written in chalk, werp 
yet visible on the doors of the cottages in which they 
slept. After the battle, those houses were filled witl^ 
the most seyerely wounded of th^ British Officers, 
piany of whom 4ied, and are buried there* 

The following is an accursU^ statem^aqt of the 
combined British, Hanoverian, Gerinan and Belgic 
Army, under the command of Field Marshal the 
Duke of Wellington, K. G. and K. Q. C. B«, upoi| 

* The ground bad not been measured ; this computation is merely inteode4 
to give an idea of its extent ; ft ^oes not profess to l>e correct. 



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BATTLE OF WATERLOO. 21 

the authority of r^taras made from the army serving 
ia Flanders^ to the Adjutant-General's Office, dated 
May 25th, 1816 * 

Infantry, British . 17,616 

Do. King's German Legion 3,88(1 

]>o. Hanoverians .<.«..... ^ >. ^ 9,312 

Total Infantry .... 30,808 

Cavalry, British 5,945 

Do. King's German Legion 2»274 

Do. Hanoverians, Estorilf's Brigade « • • 1,135 

Total Cavalry . • . . 9,354 

Artillery and Engineers 5,434 

German ditto 625 6,050 

Total British, Germans, and Hanoverians .... 46,221 

Bninswickers estimated at 8,000 

Belgian and Nassau Troops estimated at 14,000 

Total op Troops in the line of operation at Quatrb- ) ^intoi 

Bras, or Waterloo j m,wi 

In Line . . 46,221 In Observation. 

In Observation 5,819 Five British regiments 2,554 

6th Hanoverian Brigade 2,778 5,819 

Total in British ) ^^ 040 ^^ Hussars, K. G. L. 487 

Total Army opposed to the French 74>040 

The French Army amounted to 130,000; and after 
the losses of the 15th and 16th, and the detachment 
of two corps under Marshal Grouchy, there must 
nave remained at least 90,000 men, with which Napo- 
leon took the field dn the 18th of June ; while, after 
allowing for our own losses on the 16th, which were 
very serious, it must appear there was a great dispa- 
ragement in regard to numbers, as it appears from the 
above statement^ which is founded upon the latest 
returns to the Horse Guards, previous to the battles 
of 16 and 18th, that our extreme force, firitish and 
German was 46,221 men, under the Duke of Welling- 
ton, to which add 22,000 for Brunswickers and Dutch, 
together, not exceeding 68,221 men. The English, 

♦ Vide Docnmeiits in VoL II. as also for the names of erery officer present in 
the campaign. 

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22 



CIRCUMSTANTIAL DKTAfL. 



DIVISIONS. « 

Itt. M%i. Gea. 
George' Oo$ke 



M 
Baron, 
Jtte»,K. 



Sir. 



Kielmansegge D. of York, &c. 

Sif Cor/^f, Li. Gen. Lord Hill, K.Q. C. B. 

8 Brit Brig. Maj. Gen. F. Adam 52 71 95 

1 Do. K.G.L. M.-Gen. Du Plat 1,2,3^4 K.G.L. 

3 Hanov. Brig. Colonel B. Halket 

Brit Brig. Colonel Mitchell . 14 23 51 
Do. Major General Johnston 35* 54* 59* 91* 
Han. Brig. Maj. Gen..L;yon 



mb 



M Lt. Gen. f 
(irJ^CUfaofiX 
K.O.C.B. 1 J 

4th U. GL Sir J a 

a coMiu, I ^ 

5th L. 01 Sir f^ ^t. Brig"! M. 6tn. Sir f. Rempt 28 32 79 95 
^6^8*1 ^ ^^- ^•J- ^^": ^"^ I^«nnis Pack 1 42 44 92 

L5 Hanoverian Brigilde, Col. Vinke 

10 BritBr.M. Gen. Sir J. Lambert 4 27 40 81* 

4 Hanoverian Brigade, Colonel Best Lunelburg. 

In Garrison. )25* 37* 78* 

L7 Bt Brig. M--Gen. Mackenzie, j 13V.b.*if.v.b.» 

Total Infantry . 

CAVALRY. 

Commanded by Lt, Gen. Earl of Uxh^idge, K.G, C,B. 

1. Maj. Gen. Lord Edward Somerset, 1^2. Life GuardsA 

Horse Gds. Blue, 1 Drag. Gds j 

2. Maj. Gen. Sir W. Ponsonby, 1. 2. 6. Dragoons . . • 

3. M. G . Count Sir W.Domberg, 23. L. D. 1 & 2. K. G. L. 
4* Miy. Gen. Sir Ormsby Vandeleur, 11. 12. 16. Lt. Drag* 

5. M.-Gen. Sir Colquhoun Grant, 7. 15. Hus. 2* Hus. K.G.L. 

6. M.G. Sir R. Hussey Vivian, 10. 18. Huss. 1 Hus. K.G.L. 

7. Col. B- Sir F. de ArentschUdt, 13. Lt. Drag. 3 Hus. K.G.L. 
Col. Estorff, Prince Regent, and Bremen Verdun, & C. Hus.§ 



Afejs.t 



GermaDS) and Hanoverians^ were divided into two 

Corps. d'Arm^e. 

\8i Corps, Gen. Prince of Orange, E.G. C.B* 

r BRIGADES. Regiments. 

< 1 Br. B. M.-G. P. Maitland Gds. 1 & 3 Bat. 1 st Rt. 
12 Do. M.-Gen. Sir J.Byng Do. 2d Bat 2&d Rt. 

uGem fft Br. B. M.-G. Sir C. Halket 30 33 89 73 
ro^mr'cJ 1 Br.K.G.L.C.B.Ompteda5,8Liuel,2, Ltlnf. 
"•''^•^••- U Han. B. Col. Kielmanseg 



2054 
2074 

2322 
1901 
2472 



2617 
1979 
2235 
1761 
2153 
2778 
2502 
2275 



2412 
2345 



36,140. 



1227 

1183 
1413 
1187 
1262 
1404 
1030 
1135 



Total Cavalry . 9,841 

Artillery, &c 5,434 

German ditto »..».. 625 

Infantry as above enumerated 36,140 

Total of British, German, and Hanoverian Army in Flanders, ^ 

vvhich includes those in Observation, ^i^c ^ 62,040 

* The 1st, 2d, 3d, and 4tli divisions were on the right, the 5th and 6th on the 
left of the Genappe road. t For the effective force of each rcgt. vide Vol. II. 

X This division was employed as a corps of observation, and was not tfaeit- 
fore in action on the 18th of June, excepting Cot Mitchell's brigade, whidi was 
on the iefl of this division. 

$ This regiment run away, • Not in the Battle of Waterloo. 



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Brigades. 


Pieces. 


20 


120 


. 1 


4 


21 


124 


2 


12 


2 


8 


26 


144 



BATTLE OF WATERLOO. 23 

The Enginbbes were under the eonuDand of CoL Smyth. 
Artills&t.* — Commanded by Sir G. Wood, consisted of 21 
brigades^ vi«. — 

HORSB ARTiLLBRTy Conmondfd hy Sir Augu$tU9 Frozir, 

TVoopt. 

With the Earl of Uxbridge^ .... British . . 6 

With the Infantry in Reserve, under the ( British . . 2 

immediate direction of the Duke . \ German Artil. 2 

INFANTRY BRIGADES, 

Compsmks. 

[Britwh. . . 7 
With the several Divbions of the Army < German . . 1 

[Hanoverian . 2 

Total Field Artillery in Action 
18 Pounders in Reserve .... 

Total 

On their Passage from Ireland 

18 Pounders, equipping in the Netherlands . . . 

Total 

*' Never was the overthrow of a great army so 
complete. Of 40^000 cavalry, not 10,000 returned 
capable of service, and of an immense artillery, only 
12 pieces were saved.'' 

The road from Brussels to Genappe passes through 
the little village of Mont St. Jean, (fig. 10, Plate 2,) 
from which the French have named the battle, and 
which was occupied by the British during the 
whole of the day; and repeatedly and furiously,, 
though ineflfectually, attacked by the Enemy. Count 
D'£rlon headed a desperate attack against it, which 
was repulsed by thjB British Army; and Napoleon 
Buonaparte, in his own account of the battle, de- 
clares he was on the point of leading a general 
charge of the whole French army against it in person, 

* Ipie names of each officer of the^sereral arms of service vill be found in 
Vol. II. of Additional Particulars, with an account of the artillery operations. 

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24 CIRCUMSTANTIAL DETAIL. 

at the very mometit when the general charge of the 
British Army and their Allies took place, which obliged 
him to lead it in the opposite direction. All the inhabi- 
tants had fled from this village previous to the action, 
and even Waterloo was deserted ; but in a fann-hoi»9ey 
fig. 41, Plate 2, at the end of the village nearest 
the field, one solitary woman remained, during the 
whole of the day, shut up in a garret, from which she 
could see nothing, and without any means of gaining 
information of what was passing, while they were 
fighting man to man, and sword to sword, at the^ 
very doors; while shells were bureting in at the 
windows, and while the cannon-balls were breaking 
tl^rough the wooden gates into the farm-yard, and 
striking against the walls of the house. This womau 
was the farmer's wife : and when asked her motives 
for this extraordinary conduct, she replied with great 
simplicity, that she had a great many cows and calves, 
and poultry, and pigs — that all she had in the world 
was there ; and that she thought, if she did not stay* 
to take care of them, they would all be destroyed or 
carried off. The three rooms in the lower part of the 
house, nay even the stables and eow-houses, were 
filled with wounded British officers, among whom 
were Major-General Cooke, Lieut. Colond Cameron, 
of the 79th, Major Llewellyn of the 28th regiment, 
and many others who had particularly distinguished 
themselves by their conduct in the field. The Bri- 
tish position crossed the road to Nivelles^ which 
branches ofl^ to the right, from Mont St. Jean (See 
Plan of Position); and sloping along, passes behind 
the wood and chateau of Hoogoumont on the height, 
the most advanced post of the British army, fig. 11, 

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3ATTIiE OF. WATERLOO, 85 

Plate 2. In fronts it pccojyied the farm of La Sainte 
Haye^ fig. 7» Plate 2> e;xteiiding to the left along the 
hedgey fig, 12, 13, I4,apd 15, Plate 2, and a lane behind 
it, which was occupied by General Picton's division. 
Upon this height, a considerable part of our artillery 
was placed; biit it was also dispersed in different parts 
of the fijeld, aad placed upon every little eminence* 
withgreat judgment and effect. The cut earth bank, fig. 
16, 17, 18, 19, 20, Plates 1 and 2, in fi*ont of the British 
position, represents a quarry on the opposite side of 
t)^ road to La Haye Sainte, which was surrounded 
by cannon during the engagement, Fig. 21 and 22^ 
Plate. 2, a high perpendicular bank cut down fi>r th« 
road or chauss^e to pass through, along the top of 
which cannon were planted.. The chauss/^eor.pavecl- 
road from Brussels to Genappe, fi^. 23, 24, 25, 26, 27,. 
Plates 1 and 2, which passes nearly through the centre 
of the position of both armies, proceeding directly for- 
ward from the village of Mont St. Jean, leaves the 
ftrm-house of La Haye Sainte, fig. 7, Plate 2, on the 
r%ht, nearly in the hollow, and again ascends to La 
BdUe Alliance (fig. 1, Plate 1,) on the summit of the 
opposite hill, which, with the heights on each side^ 
were occupied by the French. This celebrated spot 
is a small farm-house on *the left side of the road, 
pierced through in every direction with cannon-balL 
The offices behind it are now a heap of ruins, from 
die ^re of the British artillery. Numbers of wounded 
French officers crawled in here the night after the 
batde, and on the morning of the Idth it was filled 
with the dead and dying. The little cottage, fig. 2, 
Plate ], on the opposite side of the road, is also 
called La Belle Alliance, and forms a part of the 



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2tf ' CIRCUMSTANTIAL DETAIL. 

faamlet. It was here, that Napoleon Buonaparte 
stood in the proud confidence of success, after dis-* 
patching a courier to Paris, with intelligence, that 
the battle was won — it was here, a few hours after- 
wards, when the battle was really won, that Lord 
Wellington and Marshal Blucher accidentally met, 
in the very moment when Napoleon, foremost in 
the flight, and followed by his panic-struck army, 
was driven along by their victorious troops. 

After some skirmishing between the piquets, the 
French commenced the engagement about 10 o'clock, 
with a furious attack upon the post at the wood and 
garden of CSbateau Hougoumont, fig. 11, Plate 2r 
which ^as occupied by Greneral Byng's brigade of 
guards. It was a point of particular importance to the 
Enemy to gain this post, as, from its situation, it com- 
manded a considerable part of our position; and 
accordingly it was furiously and incessantly assailed 
by large aud reinforced bodies of the Enemy, and 
gallantly and successfully defended to the last by the 
British. Napoleon himself directed the charge of 
the French Imperial Guards against it;* but even 
though fighting under the immediate eye of their 
leader, they were broken, repulsed, and finally cut to 
pieces by the British Guards. Thirty pieces of our 
artillery played continually over this wood, to asdst 

* Napoleon never charged in persen : he incessantly ordered his battalions t<> 
advance-^to charge— to bear down upon the Enemy— he impetuoutly urged them 
forward—he Inflamed their ardour by the recollection of past, as well as the 
proapect of present 'victory, and the promise of plunder and reward; but he 
never led them on to battle himself— he never once braved the shock of BritisK 
arms. Buonaparte's three stations in the chauss^e of La Belle Alliance, is exactly 
described on the Field of Waterloo, on a very large scale, by the same publisher, 
on which is laid down much detail of position and movement. 



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BATTLE OF WATERLOO. 27 

ite defence^ ^rhik tbe-Enen^ directed against it their 
hottest fire. (Vidi letters from officers in, the €fmurd$: 
md Gemeral Akxiids Spanish uncial account.) 

Every tree in the wood of Hoogoumont is pierced 
with balls — in oik akoe, I comted the holes, where 
upwards of thirty had lodged: but the strokes which 
were falal to human life, have scarcely injured. them ; 
though their trunks are filled with balls, and their 
branches broken and destroyed, their verdure is still 
the same. Wild flowers are still. blooming, and wild 
rubenries ripening beneath their shade ; while huge 
black piles of* human ashes, dreadfully offensive iu 
smell, are all that now remain of die heroes who fought 
and feU upon this fatal spot. Beside some graves, 
at the outskirts of this wood, the little wild flower^ 
'' Forget me not," ^' Myosotis arvensis,'' was bloom- 
ing, and the flaring red poppy had already sprung up 
arouad, and even upon them, as if in mockery of the 
dead. The Chateau itself, upon which the attack 
was first made by the French, now in ruins, is im* 
mediately behind the wood, by the side of the road 
to Nivelles. It was the beautiful country-seat of a 
Belgic gentleman, and was accidentally set on fire 
by shdls, during the action, which completed the 
destruction occasioned by the cannonade. In the 
gardai behind the house, the roses, orange-trees and 
geraniums were still flowering in beauty, and the 
fig-tree and the pear-tree bearing their fruits«-*^a me* 
lancholy contrast to the ruined house, whose moul- 
dering piles were still smoking, and to the scene 
of desolation around. 

The poor countryman, who with his wife and in- 
&nt family inhabited a miserable shed amongst the 



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38 CIRCUMSTANTIAL DETAIL. 

deserted ruins, pointed out with superstitious teve^ 
rence, the little chapel belonging to the Chateau, which 
alone stood uninjured in the midst of these blackened 
walls and falling beams. There was something in- 
expressibly striking in the almost miraculous preser** 
iration of this simple sanctuary of piety, which the 
flames of war, and the hand of rapine, had alike 
spared ; and it was affecting to see standing on the 
spot still rbeking with human blood, and heaped with 
the dreadful and yet undecayed remains of mortality, 
the sacred altar of that blessed religion, which pro- 
claimed, ** Peace on Earth," and dispelled the hor-* 
rors of death by the assurance of immortality. 

A more mournful scene than this ruined chateau 
and wood presented, cannot possibly be imagined. 
Even when the heaps of dead were reduced to 
ashes, — the broken swords, shattered helmets^ torn 
epaulets, and sabre tashes bathed in blood, told too 
plainly the deadly strife that had taken place; and the 
mournful reflexion could not be repressed, that the 
glory which Britain had gained upon this spot, was 
purchased by the blood of some of her noblest sons. 

Here the standards of the Invincibles, inscribed 
with the names of Jena, Austerlitz^ Wagram, and 
Friedland, were wrested from them. The Scotch 
Greys took one of the French Eagles ; and Francis 
Stiles, a corporal in the 1st Royal Dragoons, took 
another.* 

• Exinui qf a Letter from Serjetmi Ewart, i^ the Soata GretfSj (since appowted 
ip M EmSgney in the Veteran BattaUonf) lojba took a French Eagle, dated iioiMi, 
JuM 18, 1815.— <' The Enemy began forming their line of battle, about nine In 
the morning of the 18tb : we did not commence till ten. I think it was abott 
eleven when we were ready to receive them. They began upon our right with 
tlie moat tremendona firing that ever was heard, and I can aasare yoo, they 

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BATTLE OF WATERLOO. 29 

Here the brave, the lamented Sir W. Ponsonby fell^ 
leading bn his men to victory and glory". 

Igot it 83 hot as tbey gave it; then it cave .down to the left, where ihey were 
received by onr brave Highlanders. No men could ever behave better ; oor 
brigade of cavalry covered thiem. Owing to a column of foi-eign troops giving 
vmy, ow brigade was forced to advance to tlfs sqpport of onr brave feUows, 
«nd which we certainly did in style ; i^e charged through two of their colmnns, 
each about 5,000 ; it was in the first charge I took the Eagle from the Enemy; 
lie and I had a hard contest fe it ; he thmst for my groin-^I parried It off^ and 
«nit him through thebead ; after which I was attacked by one of their lancers, 
who threw his lance at me, but missed the mark, by my throwing it off with my 
a:word by my right side ; then I cot him from the chin upwards, which went 
tbroog^ his teeth ; next I w^s attacked by a foot soldier, who, af3ber firhig 9t 
jme> charged me with his bayonetp«i'but he very soon lost the combat, for I 
parried it, and cut him down through the head ; so that finished the contest 
for the Eagle. After which I presumed to follow my oomrades, Eagle and al^ 
bat was -stopped by the General, saying to mci ** Yon brdve fellow, take that 
to the rear : yon have done enough until you get quit of it ;" which I was 
obliged to do, but with great reluctance. I retired to a height, and stood there 
for upwards of an hoor^ whiefa gave a geaeral view of the field ; bat I canoqt 
express the horrors I beheld : the bodies of my brave comrades were lying bo 
thick upon the field, that it was scarcely possible to pass, and horses innume- 
rable. I took the Eagle into Brussels, amidst the acclamations of tbonsands 
pf the spectators who saw IL" Ediiitr. 

The Eagles taken, belonged to the 45th and 105th regiments, and were sn- 
perbly gilt and ornamented with gold fringe. That of the 45th was inscribed 
with the names of Jfena, Ansterlitx, IVagram, Eylan, Friedland, &c. being the 
battles in which this regiment, called the Invimcibles, had signalized itself. The 
other was ^ present from Louisa to the 105th regiment. One was much de- 
^u^ed with blood and dirt, as if it had been struggled for, and the Eagle was 
fdso broken off from the pole, as if from the cut of a sabre, but it was never- 
theless preserved. It is worthy of observation, that the Eagles taken, were 
only given to their respective regiments at the Champ de Mai, On the 1st of 
June, they glittered over the heads of the vain Parisians, amid cries of Vine 

The Life Guards, the foremost in this important battle, b^ their physical 
power and courage, appalled the veteran enemy, although clad in mail, and in 
possession of tiiat high mind (grande pens^), which devoted them to honour 
and the country. Often, in the conflict of << La BeUe AUumeey" did the Earl of 
Uxbridge turn his eye towards them, exclaiming, ^* Now for the honour of the 
Household Troops ^ and as often was his Lordship solaced by the brightest 
effects of glory under his eye. (Vide Extract qf a Litter from an Ofieer in the 
Hwee Qum-de). Editor, 

Captain Kelly, of the Life Guards, encountered and killed the Colonel of the 



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so CIRCUMSTANTIAL DETAIL. 

The grief of his country and friends for his loss, 
will be aggravated l^ the knowledge that it is to be 
attributed as much to the fault of his horse, as to his 
too ardent courage, which carried him alone and un- 
supported into the midst of his enemies ; the account 
that has been given of the death of this gallant officer 
is perfectly correct. He led his brigade against the 
Polish Lancers, checked at once their destructive 
chaises against the British Infantry, and took 200O 
prisoners; but having pushed on at some distance 
from his troops, accompanied only by one Aide-de- 
camp, he entered a newly-ploughed field, where the 
ground was excessively soft Here his horse stuck » 
and was utterly incapable of extricating himself. At 
this instant, a body of Lancers approached him at 
foil speed. Sir William saw that his fate was in- 
evitable. He took out a picture, and his watch, and 
was in the act of giving them to his Aide-de-camp to 
deliver to his wife and family, when the Lancers came 
up: they were both killed on the spot.* His body was 

l8t regiment of French Cuirassiers, in tiie battle of the 18th ; after which he 
stripped the vanquished of bis epaulets, and carried them as a trophy. 

Ohe man is known to have had three horses shot, and taken prisoner ; bill 
being rescued by Light Dragoons, returned and remounted to tiie charge. 

Shaw, in the Horse Guards, of pugilistic fame, was fighting seven or eight 
hours, dealing destruction to all around him ; at one time he was attacked by 
six of the French Imperial Guard, four of whom he killed, but at last fell by 
the remaining two. A comrade, who was by his side a great part of the day„ 
and who is the relater of this anecdote, noidced one particular cut, which drove 
through his opponent's helmet, and with it cut nearly the whole of his face at 
the stroke. Editor. 

* It is not the only instance of tiie coolness and bravery of that family in the 
field of battle. The Hon. Major-General Ponsonby, who fell in the battfe of 
Fontenoy, in the year 1745, at the head of his regiment, was also in the a(;t of 
bestowing his ring and viratch on his son Brabacon, who was liis aide-de-camp> 
when a cannon-ball struck him dead. We have been favoured witii this f^ct by 
the greatpgrandson of the General. The watch and ring are still in possession 
of the family, and preserved with great veneration. Editor. 



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BATTLE OF WATERLOO. 31 

tbuod, lyii3g beside his horse, pierced \¥kh seven lance 
wounds ; but he did not fell unreveoged. Before the 
day was ended, the Polish Lancers were almost en* 
tirely cut to pieces by the Brigade which this officer 
had led against them. 

There is a considerable space of ground, and a 
deep dell between the observatory and Hougoumont. 
fig. 28, Plate 2. The peasant "* who had served 
Napoleon as a guide the preceding day, was with 
him during the principal part of the battle; and 
from him we learnt that he often expressed surprise 
that the Belgic troops did not come over to him. 
Wherever the French encountered them, by his orders 
tiiey called to them to join and not to fight against 
their Emperor. He had formed the idea of arming 
the Belgic peasantry, and a considerable d6p6t of 
muskets was at Lisle for that purpose. Before the 
engagement began, he addressed a short speech to 
the soldiers, which was received with enthusiasm, 
. promising them that Brussels and Ghent should be 
gfven up to plunder for three hours^ according to 
43ome . accounts — to others, for three days. He is re- 
ported to have said, ^^ These English fight well, but 
they must give way soon ;" and asked Soult if he 
^' did not think so ?" Soult said, that he much 
doubted whether they would ever give way. " And 
why?" said Napoleon with his usual quickness. Soult 
replied : *^ he believed they would sooner be cut to 
pieces." Still Napoleon seemed to entertain the 
fullest confidence of victory, and at six o'clock jocu- 

* Vide La Coste's (the peasant's name) interesting and detailed narrative in 
Vdl. n. of Additional Paiticolars. 



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32 CIRCUMSTANTIAL DETAIL. 

larly observed that they should arrive at Brussels itt 
good time for supper. 

Soon after, the Prussians advanced from the wood 
at the bottom of the ravine, fig. 29, Plate 1, passing 
the little hamlet in the hollow, fig. 90, Plate 1, and 
advancing up the heights, fig. 31, 32, Plate 1, to 
the right flank and rear of the French position. 
At first he would not credit it — he angrily e::i^claimedy 
they were his own troops, they w6re French rein* 
forcements advancing under Grouchy and Van- 
damme: but when the truth was forced upon 
him, when he perceived that they were really 
Prussians, his countenance changed^ he turned 
pale, and faltered in his speech ; and when be saw 
the impetuous charge of the Allies, and the con* 
fusion and discomfiture of his own troops, his alarm 
became extreme, and exclaiming, ** Tout est perdu !^ 
he precipitately galloped from the fields It is, I 
believe, beyond a doubt that he was one of the first to 
set the example of flight. After relating these par- 
culars, the guide, hearing some person speak of him 
with contempt, cordially agreed with us that be cer- 
tainly was a pitiful scoundrel, (" un vrai scel^rat,"^ 
fw he had only given him a single napoleon for all 
the trouble he had had with him. 

At the commencement of the action the Duke of 
Wellington on horseback, surrounded by his Staff, 
stood on th6 high ground to the right of the high road 
from Brussels to Genappe, fig. 34, Plate 2. To say 
wher^ he afterwards was, is impossible-^it would be 
more difficult to say where he was not ; wherever his 
presence was most requisite, he was to be found { he 



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BATTLE OF WATERLOO. 33 

seemed to be every where present Exposed to the 
hottest fire, in the most conspicuous position, he 
stood reconnoitring with his glass, watching the 
Enemy's mancBuvres, and issuing orders with the most 
inteepid coolness, white balls and shells showered 
around him, and his Staff Officers fell wounded and 
dying by his side. Sir William De Lancey received 
the shot which occasioned his death while the Duke 
was in close conversation with him, and many of his 
escapes seemed almost miraculous.* 

He was once on the point of being taken prisoner 
by a party of cavalry ; and at one time, perceiving 
the 52nd and 95th regiments waver and give ground 
under the attack of an overwhelming force, he rallied 
them, placed himself at their head, charged in person, 
drove back the Enemy, and restored the day. So 
tremendous were the dangers he braved, and so 
astonishing his escapes, that the hand of a protecting 
providence seemed to have shielded him through the 
perils of that eventful day, to be the Saviour of his 

* At m critical part of tke batde, he took his station on a ridge, anil declared 
he would not stir from it, nor did he stir till he quitted it in triumph. In the 
whole of tiie contest, he performed all the duties a military man could perform. 
He wa$ GeiunU ff JMotrns, Commander qf Corp$y and Colonel rf a Regiment ! 
He at times headed several different regiments, and rallied them to the attack. 
Towards the close of the day, Napoleon led an attack of the Imperial 
Ouards ; tiiey were met by the British Guards (who did not feel the panic, 
which it was boasted these men had occasioned, among the Prussians and 
BaMians), and overthrown in an instant, in the finest style. The position of 
Waterloo was well known to hb Grace : in the summer of last year, his Grace 
went there m his way to Paris, and on that occasion todt a military view of 
it. He than declared, that if ever it should be his fortune to defend Brussels, 
Waterloo would be the position he would occupy. His conduct on the 18th 
had thrown all his fimner actions into the shade ; he never moved, but in fire ; 
and when one of thebottest chaiges was made l>y the. enemy, he threw himself 
into the hollow square that was charged. Editor, 

d 



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34 C1RCUM3TANTIAI/ pZTAlL. 

CoaBtry,* and the Conqueror of that inveterate Foe/ 
who dnring a long succession of years had turned the ^ 
whole force of his gigantic power to effect the ruin of 
England ; but who, in his last attempt once more 
''to wade through slaughter to a throne/' was des- 
tined, to meet his final overthrow on ihat field from 
which he escaped with life» but with the loss of 
honour. 

The condudt of the Duke of Wellington oa this 
memorable day, realised the fabled achievements of 
the hero whose prowess is celebrated in the straini^ 
of an old Italian poet : 

'' II valoroso Duca dlngbilterifA 
'^ Fece, quel di cio cbe, in molti anni fero 
** oa molti cavalier* maestri i» guerra." 

MORGANTB MAOOIOR^ 
P¥LCI. 

« " My heart (wy* the Noble Duke) is brokeft by tf c terrible loss I hare tru- 
tained of my old friends and companions, and my poor soldiers ; and I shall 
not be satisfied with this battle, however glorious, if it does not pnt an end t# 
Bnonaparte/'—In' a letter to his mother, Lady Momington, the Doka pays a 
high compUment to Bnonaparte-^he says that he did his duty— that he fbnght 
the battle with infinite skill, persererance, and bravery—'* and tWs," adds tha 
noble Buke, ** I do not state from any personal motive of claiming merit t* 
myself— fbr th^ victory is to be ascribed to the superior physical force and con- 
stancy of British soldiers." To his brother, the Hon. Wellesley Pole, he writes^ 
" never had he fought so -hard for victory, and neVct from Ae gaUantry of the 
Enemy had he been so near beaten.** Ediiwr. 

The Duke of Wellington, in a letter to the Earl of Aberdeen, writer, **^T 
cannot express to you the regret and sorrow yniik which I contemplate the 
•^ losses the country has sostatfied ; none more severe tiian that of Sea. Sb A. 
Gordon. The glory resulting from sueh actions so deariy bought, is no conso- 
hitioA to me, and I cannot imagine that it is any to yoa; but I trast the result 
has been so decisive, that little doubt will remam, that our exertions wiU be 
rewarded by the attainment of our first olject ; then it is that the glory of the 
actions in which our friends have fidlen, may be some consolation to me." B. 

ExhwU fr^m Mr. Vim^itart the OumeiU^ ^ JBjtifA«gwr's ^ps«fc.-The 
merit of our troops and our officers ia this great battle^ was briefly expressed 

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iATTLE OP WATERLOO. 35 

\¥hil6 the battle raged with unceasing and unex- 
;u&pled fury in the right wing^ it was scarcely less 
tremendous in other parts of the field. The farm of 
La.Haye Sainte, fig. 7, Plate 2, whose walls and roof 
are pierted and battered through with cannon-shot, 
formed a prominent feature in n the action. It was 
long and vainly attacked, until at length the ammuni- 
tion of the troops who occupied it, being exhausted, 
without the possibility of procuring more, it was con- 
sequently taken by the Enemy ; but its brave defen- 
ders only resigned its possession with their lives. 

The Enemy's reserve were chiefly placed upon the 
heights on their right, fig. 33, Plate 1, as it wa^ the great 
object of Napoleon, if possible^ to turn the left British 
flank, and separate us from the Prussians, with whom 
we . maintained a communication through Ohain on 
our left. To efiect this, the most desperate efforts 
were made, column propelling column, and fresh 
masses of troops continually pouring down, while thdlr 
artillery scattered destruction along our line. Major- 
General Sir Thomas Picton^s division, stationed along 
the hedge, fig. 12, 13, 14, 15, Plate 2, and in ihe lane 
behind it, sustained the chief brunt of this long and 
tremendous attack, and unshaken maintained their 
ground. Upon this spot thousands of our brave sol- 
diers met a glorious death; their gallant leaders, 
wounded and dying on the ground, still cheered ob^ 
their men to the charge. The 28th Regiment, formed 
into a square, repelled the furious attacks of the 

ia tiie modest simpUcity of the Duke of WeOifigtoii's dispatch ; but the whole 
mi^t be seen t0 more advantage, by lookiaf at the accoutts of onr Allies, and 
of the Enemj. It was, indeed, a prond day, when die Conqneror of Enrope was 
destroyed by one battle. Edit&r. 



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S6 CIRCUMSTANTIAL DETAIL. 

French Cuirassiers,* who6e armour inspired them with 
confideuce and courage; still they could not stand 
the English charge with the bayonet, and again and 
again they were repulsed by the 28th Regiment, with 
immense loss: at one time they were alnftst over- 
powered by the repeated attack of a strong column ef 
the Enemy ; when one of their officers called out to 

them, " 28th !^ Remember Egypt!" These 

words had the effect of electricity. The gallant vete- 
rans, giving one loud and general cheer, rushed for- 
ward to the charge, and completely rented and dis- 
persed the assailants. 

It was in a more advanced part of the field, (I be- 
lieve) near the tree, fig. 35, that the lamented Sir 
Tho. Picton fell, in the very act of " glorionsly lead- 
ing his division to a chai-ge with bayonets, by which 
one of the most serious attacks made by the Enemy 
on our position was defeated,"* (vide Duke of WeUing^ 

* The Cuirassiers of the French imperial Guard are all arrayed in armoor^ 
the front cuirass is in the form of a pigeon's hreast, so as effectoally to torn OflT 
a musket shot, unless fired very near, owing to its brightness ; the back cnirass 
is made to fit the back ; they weigh from nine to eleven ponnds eacb> aoeord- 
ing to the size of the roan, and are stuffed inside with a pad : they fit on by « 
kind offish-scaled clasp, and are put off and on in an instant. They liaTe helmets 
the same as our Horse Gusurds, and straight long swords and pistols, but no 
carbines. Afl the accounts agree in the great advantage that the Fr^ch cuiras- 
siers derived from their armour. Their swords were three inches longer than 
any used by the Allies, and in close action the cuts of onr sabres did no ezecn- 
thm, except they fortunately came across the neck of the enemy. The latter 
also feeling themselves secure in their armour, advanced deliberately and stea« 
dily, until they came within about twenty yards of our ranks, as a musket-ball 
could not penetrate the cuirasses at a greater distance. The cuirass, however, 
was attended with one disadvantage ; the wearer, in close action, cannot use 
his arm with perfect facility in all directions; he chiefly tlM-asta,^ but cannot 
ent vfith ease. They are all chosen men, must be above six feet high, have 
served in three campaigns, twelve years in the service, and of a good character ; 
and if there is a good horse to be found, they have Ihem. It » to be observed, 
that a wound through a cuirass mostly proves mortal." Editor. 



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BATTLE OF WATERLOO. 37 

tons dispatch). He was shot through the head with 
a musket-ball, and never spoke after he received the 
wound. During the whole day he exposed himself 
to the severest fire,— not only leading his united divi- 
sion to the charge, but repeatedly placing himself at 
the head of the columns of the different regiments, 
as if he had been their commanding officer. Wher^ 
ever the storm of battle was the most tremendous, be 
invariably chose his station^ courting danger in every, 
possible form : it seemed as if he sought to close his 
career of glory on the field of Waterloo.* 

Fig. 36, 37, 38, Plate 2. A hedge completely 
trodden down, where the fighting was part^u^ 
lariy severe, and the carnage was dreadful ; in front 
of it, and between it and the hedge, behind j^ 
1% 13, Plate 2, huge graves or rather pits are filled 
with hundreds of dead, where the victors and the 
vanquished are promiscuously laid; ^o lightly had 
the clay been thrown over them, that from one a hand 

*' After the l6th, this gallant officer's coat iRtas obsenred to be most dreadfully 
cut. After his lamented fall, it was discovered that he had been wonnded in the 
hip on the I6th by a mnsket-ball ; a oircnmstanoe vhidi he careftilly concealed 
ffrmsi every one but his servant : the wonnd had assnmed a serioos aspect for 
«rant of surgical assistance, having been only bandaged by himself and servant 
as well as circumstances would admit. Bditor. 

^ Towards the afternoon, when the 92d were reduced to scarce 300 men, a 
c^nmn of 3000 of the Enepiy bore down upon them, when this chosen band 
charged this overwhebning force with their bayonets, penetrating into the 
centre of tiiem; tiie Scotch 'Oreys, cheering the brave Highlanders, rashad 
fmifard to support them, drivinf the Sofmy back with gr^t loss.'' (VuJ^ th§ 
letter ^tke9tdregimentO 

At the battle of Quatre Bras, in a shnilar manner, the rist repulsed the Imperial 
Guard, and when they were retreattng, the piper suddenly struck up the 
Pibroch; at the well-knewn sounds, the Highlanders charged their astonished 
enemies, s^ followed into the thickest of the fight by the piper, who was hur- 
ried forward by the impulse of valour— and the French were almost to a man 
cut to pieces. 



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38 CIRCUMSTANTIAL DETAIL. 

had forced its way above the ground, and in another^ 
a human face was distinctly visible. Indescribable 
was the horror of these objects. Three weeks after 
the battle, the very gales of heaven were tainted with 
the effluvia arising from them: besides these tre- 
mendous graves, of which several hundreds might 
be counted, immense heaps of the dead were burnt 
in different places, and their ashes, mingled with the 
dust, are scattered over the field. 

Fig. 39, 40, in the back ground, is a part of the ground 
where the British bivouacked on the night of the 17tb, 
beneath a heavy and incessant torrent of rain. In the 
morning of the 18th, they wctc just preparing 
breakfast, and dressing their beef-steaks, when Lord 
Wellington's Aides-de-Camp ridipg up, called to 
them, " Stand to your arms; the French are ad- 
vancing:" instantly breakfasts and beef-steaks, were 
abandoned ; wet, cold, and hungry, but bold and un- 
daunted, bur brave soldiers ranged themselves to fetce 
their foes, and during nearly twelve hours, without 
any other aid, maintained the unequal, and the 
glorious contest. Let it never be forgotten, that 
the united British and Belgic army on that day 
amounted to little more than half the Enemy, 

It was the policy of the Duke o£ Wellington, when 
attacked by* such a tremendous superiority of force, 
to act upon the defensive, until joined by the Prus- 
sians, whose progress had been impeded by the 
dreadful state of the roads. Just before they ap- 
peared, the Enemy, turning their artillery against the 
centre of our aVmy near the farm of La Sainte Haye, 
made a desperate effort with the united cavalry an4 
artillery to force that point. Our gallant troops, 



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BATTLE OF WATERLOO. 



39 



unmoyed, received the shock, and ajfter a long and 
dreadful contest, the French were compelled to retreat 
in confusion. At that moment, the Pi-ussiwis were 
seen advancing up the heights, to chaise the Enemy 
in flanki The fire of the Prussian artillery began to 
take eflfect. Blucher himself appeared jn the field. 
The Duke, seizing the critical moment, ordered the 
whole body of infantry, supported by the cavalry 
and artillery,* to charge. They rushed impetuously for- 
ward with the irresistible force of valour. The French 
gave way on every side ; a total rout ensued. They fled 
in confusion back to thdr own country, leaving behind 
them the whole of their baggage, their artillery, their 
{Hisoners, and their wounded. It was then, at half 
past nine in the evening, that Marshal Blucher f 
and Lord Wellington accidentally met at La Belle 
Alliance. It was in this miserable cottage, pierced 
through and through with cannon-balls, and deserted 

• The fire of the artUlcry had been terrible and dertnictlve lOl day, but at 
this moment, no idea can be conveyed of the shock and cniih that was now Mt 
fromit Extroetfi^uFrm^iffifa't Utter, KitowaiimtkibattU. EdUor. 

t This gallant Veteran, the moment he heard of the engagement, got 
up, monnted his horse, and led hU troops to the field. He had been con- 
" fined to his bed, in consequence of the iiynry he sustained on the 16th, when 
his horse was killed by a shoL and f^ll upon him. As he lay upon the ground, 
miiable to extricate himself, and covered by his cloak, which fortunately pre- 
Tcsted the Enemy from rec^piizing him, the French Cuirassiers twice charged 
iOose past him, and he was on the point of being trampled to death by an 
advancing squadron, when he was rascued by a regiment of Prussian Hulans. 
With some assistance, he instantly re*monnted another horse, and the first words' 
this brave old officer spoke, were: *^ Now then, my fine fellows, let us diarge 
them again!** ** The horse which the Prince Regent presented to Marshal 
Bhicher, on which he placed so high a value, vras killed under him during the 
late battle." Marshal Blucher seemed to have been possessed of tiie spirit of 
prophecy, when he told the British officers after the review at New Orammont, 
^ that he should soon have the pleasure of meeting them in Paris." Certainly 
this prediction was verified, even sooner than his most sanguine expectations 
could havjB anjticipated. 



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40 CIRCUMSTANTIAL DETAIL. 

by all but the dead and dying, that their first inter- 
view took place> after four days of battle with the 
common enemy, and m the moment when victory had 
crowned their united arms. Both armies being on 
the same road, they decided that the British troops, 
who had fought for nearly twelve hours,* should re- 
linquish the pursuit to the Prussians, who had come 
in at the close of the contest, in time to decide the 
victory and tp share its glory. They parted : Blu- 
cher proceeded on his way. Lord Wellington returned 
to Waterloo. As he crossed again this fatal scene, 
on which the silence of death had now succeeded to 
the storm of battle, the moon breaking from dark 
clouds shed an uncertain light upon this wide field of 
carnage, covered with mangled thousands of that 
gallant army, whose heroic valour had won for him 
the brightest wreath of victory, and left to future 
times an imperishable monument of their country's 
fame. He saw himself surrounded by the bloody 
corpses of his veteran soldiers, who had followed 
him through distant lands — of his friends — his asso- 
ciates in arms — his companions through many an 
eventful year of danger and of glory : in that awful 
pause which follows the mortal conflict of man with 
man, emotions unknown or stifled in the heat of bat- 
tle forced their way, the feelings of the man trium- 
phed over those of the general, and ip the very hour 
of victory, Lord Wellington burst hito tears. 

Thus ended a day as glorious in its achievements 
as important in its results, which at once averted 

• At the close of the parsnit of the Enemy, the Duke of WeUinftOB, fiading 
the troops siD exhausted as to be vnable to proceed, recoimBended it to them 
to give the flying Enemy three British cheers before haUhig. . EUtwr. 



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BATTLE OF WATERLOO. 41 

the calamities that threatened the world, and altered 
the destinies of nations. Thus ended a contest, 
which has raised the glory of Bugland to its highest 
pitch, and in which the last and most decisive proof 
was given, that in every age, and every country, 
under every disadvantage of numbers and situation, 
from the days of Crci/ssy and Agiucourt to the present 
times ; on the, burning sands of Egypt, and the shel* 
tered shores of Italy ; on the mountaius of Portugal, 
the plains of Spain, amidst the rocks of the Pyrenees, 
the fields of Flanders, and the valleys of France ; in 
foreign land^, and in their native soil ; by land, and 
by sea ; Englishmen have ever been victorious over 
their ancient and presumptuous foes. 

The names of Aboukir, Maida, Vimiera, Corunna, 
Talavera, Barrosa, Busaco, Albuera, Salamanca, and 
Vittoria, — of Ortbes, the Pyrenees, Thouloilse,— ai^d 
finally, of Quatre Bras and Waterloo, — will proclaim 
to future times, the deeds of British valour — deeds 
moreJike the tales of chivalry and romance, than the 
events of real life, and of civilized ages. 

If it was a day of glory, it was likewise a day 
of sorrow for Britain; if we triumph in it as the 
proudest, we must also mourn it as the most bloody 
of all the battles that she has fought or won. Those 
who witnessed the most sanguinary contests of the 
Peninsular war, declared they had never seen sp 
terrible a carnage; and the Prussians acknowledged 
that even the battle of Leipsic was not to be compared 
to it. The dead could not be numbered ; and by those 
who visited this dreadful field of glory, and of death, 
the day after the battle, the spectacle of borrpr that 
it exhibited can never be forgotten. 



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42 CIRCUMSTANTIAL DETAIL. 

The mangled and lifeless bodies were even then strips 
ped of every covering — every thing of the smallest va- 
lue was already carried off. The road between Water- 
loo and Brussels, which passes for nine miles through 
the thick shades of the Forest of Soignies, was choaked 
up with scattered baggage, broken waggons, and 
dead horses. The heavy rains and the great passage 
upon it, had rendered it almost impassable, so that it 
was with extreme difficulty that the carriages contain- 
ing the wounded could be brought along. Tbe way 
was lined with unfortunate men who had crept 
from the field, and many, unable to go farther, lay 
down and died : — holes dug by the road side, served 
as their graves, and the road, weeks after the battle, 
was strewed with the tattered remains of their clothes 
and accoutrements. In every village and hamlet, — 
on every road, — in every part of the country, for thirty 
miles round, wounded soldiers were found wandering ; 
the wounded Belgic and Dutch stragglers exerting 
themselves to the utmost to reach their own homes. 
So great were the numbers of the wounded, that, 
notwithstanding the most active and unremitting 
exertions, the last were not removed from the field of 
battle into Brussels till the Thursday following. 

It is impossible for words to do justice to the gene- 
rous kindness, and unwearied care and attention, 
which the inhabitants of Brussels and Antwerp, and 
the whole of the Belgic people, exerted towards these 
poor sufferers. Nor should the humanity shovra by 
the British soldiers themselves be unnoticed. The 
wounded of our army, who were able to move, em- 
ployed themselves in tying up the wounds and admi* 



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BATTLE OF WATE^RLOO. 43 

nmtedng to th^ wants of their sufferiDg enemies* — 9, 
striking and noble contrast to the brutality with which 
the French had treated our prisoners.f 

The desolation which reigned* on the scene of ac- 
tion, cannot easily be described. The fields of high 
standing corn were trampled down, and so completely 
beaten into the earth, that they had the appearance 
of stubble. The ground was completely ploughed 
up in many places with the charge of the cavalry, 
and the horses' hoofe, deep .stamped into the earth, 
left the traces where many a deadly struggle had 
been. The whole field was strewed with the melan^ 
cboly vestiges of war and devastation — soldiers' caps 
pierced with many a ball, and trodden under foot — 
eagles that had ornamented them — badges of the le- 
gion of honour — cuirasses — fragments of broken 
arms, belts and scabbards innumerable — ^shreds of 
tattered cloth, shoes, cartridge boxes, gloves, highland 
bonnets, feathers steeped in mud ^nd gore — French 

* It i$ pUoimg U aid iki Uttinumy ^ afwrHpm. ** The Britidi regU 
m^ts of iofantry, which displayed such intrepid valoor in the battie of the 
18th, gave, after the action, the most, affecting and sublime example ever 
offered to natioiis. They were seen (forgetting their own woonds, and hardly 
escaped from the sword of the enemy), proceeding to afford all the saccoor in 
their power to tiiose who had just endeavoured to cut tiiem down, and who, 
in their tuni, had fallen on the field of destruction. The conduct of the 
EM^ffub army is mentioned with admiration, m uniting the heroism of valoar, to 
the heroism of humanity.'' Edfimr. 

t We forbear to dwell upon the horrid details of the merciless barbarity 
wifli wUch the French treated our prisoners ; besides being stripped and plun- 
dered, exposed to the severest privations, and the grossest insults, many of our 
bravest officers, whose names respect for the fedings of their surviving 
friends forbids us to mention, were actually murdered in cold blood, after snr- 
readering up their swords; such diabolical cruelty would be incredible, and 
for the sake of humanity, we would gladly doubt its truth, had we not incon- 
trovertible proofs from many eye-witnesses of these brutal murders. Vide IHten 
fnm on ojfiecr oftht Life Guardi and ^ Light Dfag^o^. 



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44 CIRCUMSTANTIAL DETAIL. 

novels, and German Testaments-^scattered mugic be- 
longing to the bands— packs of cards, and innumerable 
papers of every description, that had been thrown out 
of the pockets of the dead, by those who had pillaged 
them. French love-letters, and letters from mothers 
to their sons, and from children to their parents, were 
scattered about in every direction. Amongst the 
thousands that we examined, it was however remark- 
able, that we found only one English letter. It was 
from a soldiers wife to her husband. 

Upon this field were performed deeds of valour as 
heroic as any whi?h swell the page of history, which 
will for ever be buried in oblivion. Of those who per- 
formed them, many rest in the bed of honour, and 
those who survive, will never relate the story of 
their own achievements. Modesty is ever the con- 
comitant of true courage; and thus actions, which 
could they have been witnessed, would have been 
the theme of an applauding world, are now unknown 
and unadmired. It is scarcely possible to notice 
the merits of any individual without injustice to others. 
It is difficult to say who were bravest, when all were 
brave ; and who were greatest, amongst an army of 
heroes. 

Never was there an attack more tremendous, nor a 
resistance more firm, unshaken and triumphant. Hie 
French army, infuriated by despair, animated by 
the promised plunder of Brussels, and filled with 
perjured traitors, who had betrayed their king and 
country, and who knew that their liv^es and fortuues 
depended on success, fought, from first to last, with 
thp desperation of madness. But they could not 
wrest victory from the hands of the British* In. 



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BATTLE OF WATERLOO. 45 

every laEd and in every dime, nirherever the French 
bare appeared as oppressors, the British have sprung 
forward as deliverers— they huve sought foreign lands, 
not as enemies bat as friends — they have fought and 
conquered, not to destroy, but to save. It is but a 
few years since the late arrogant Ruler of France 
made the boast that he would invade this country — 
scatter its armies — dethrone its monarch — and march 
his victorious troops into its capital. His threats 
have recoiled upon himself; England has answered 
him not by words, but by deeds.— flt> country is in- 
vaded—his armies are scattered— he is himself de- 
throned, and the victorious troops of England are in 
his capital ! It is to them we are indebted that he 
comes to our shores — not as a tyrant, but as a suppli- 
ant, — not as a conqueror, but as a captive. It is to 
them we owe our preservation — our very existence as 
a nation — our dearest liberties, and our proudest 
glories. Wounded thousands of that brave army are 
now enduring in lingering pain and confinement, the 
Hufferings they have received in the service of their 
country. During years of hardships they have braved 
for her, in foreign lands, the dangers and the horrors 
of war. They have triumphed in many a well-fought 
field— they have sought every changing scene where 
honour was to be gained, or glory to be won. Oh I 
who, at this triumphant moment, does not feel it his 
proudest boast to be an Englishman!— Who can 
refuse a tribute of regret to the brave who have 
perished I_What heart does not swell with gratitude 
to that gallant army, whose heroic valour has raised 
their country to the highest pitch of glory, and to 
whom we are indebted, that while other nations sank 

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46 CIRCUMSTANTIAL DETAIL, 

beneath the yoke of despotism, and basely crouched 
at the feet of the Tyrant, England alone proudly 
defended her own rights— smgly maintained the long 
and glorious contest— broke the spell which bound 
the kingdoms of Europe in ignominious slavery— 
and finally restored to the world, Peace,, security, 
and independence ! 

'^ England ! be itjJl, even to tky taiesi times, 
'' The nurse of Hciroes, and the scourge of crimes ; 
'* St9l may thy patriot Sons, where'er they roanr, 
*' Diffuse abroad the rights they boast at home ; 
*' StiH unseduc'd by glory's vain increase, 
*' Make war thy ffathway to the shrine of Peace ; 
*' Still guard the rights of Freemen against Slaves, 
•• And rule, with Heaven's approval — prou<Ay rule the waves !^ 

T. Moore 
Loniott, Aug. 7, 181Sr. 



Thi$4ay is Published, Illmstrative of this Work, 

A SERIES OF SPIRITED ETCHINGS, 

In Outline, but sufficiently Shadowed to give tiie Effect of the Original 
BesigDs of Captain Gborqe Jones, byMiTAN, Cooa, and Turner* form- 
ing a Collection of Historical Military Engraving^s ; their Subjects consist 
of general Views, and critical Movements in ^e Battle, the most Strik- 
ing Individual Acts of Heroism, Gallantry, Incidentu, &c. having coo- 
nexion with the Operations of this Memorable Campaiign. 

AN HISTORICAL MAP, 

Or Travelling Guide over the Scite of 

inie oranttiaiign in t^t Bttffttlati3i^f 

ON A LARGB 8CALB. 

On which is distinctly shown, every Woody River, Town, &c. with 
ihe several Positions, Cantonments, Bivouacs, Lines of Advance, Kctro- 
grades. Retreats, Flights, &c^ of ^ French^ Prussians, and English, with 
much historical information. 

Engraved and Coloured in the best manner.— Price, PUdn 7#. 6d, 
Coloured lOs. 6d. in a Travelling Cage I3t. 

%* The Publisher ben to state, that from the correct delineation of the 
Roads, &c. This Map forms the best Travelling Guide, to this inteijesting 
spot that now exists, mdependent of its other interest. The Outlines have 
been traced on the spot by a Gentieman of great kno^edge and skiH befotu 
it was Engraved. 



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fiATTLC OP WATKKLOa. 47 

FURTHER PARTICULARS,* 

OF THE 

BATTLE AND ITS CONSEQUENCES; 

FROM 

DIFFERENT SOURCES. 



« It would be confessed that whatever the former tame of 
the Duke of WelliDgton might have been^ yet, m all the vari" 
oos occarrences of his life^ in all those great achievements 
which he had performed^ and which had called for the thanks 
of the Nation, he had never before attained to a height of glory 
like the present — ^And in all the great events which he had been 
engaged in» and those scenes that he had witnessed, it had 
bever before fallen to the lot of this illnstrions Commander to 
render so great a service to his country, so extensive a benefit to 
the world.— There was in the present victory an acknowledged . 
pre-eminence over all those that had preceded it : but when we 
looked' at its influence and combination, in which are bound up 
all the interests of the civilized world, it was almost impossible 
to conceive an idea adequate -to its magnitude and importance* 
—The position of the Allied Army, previously to the late one, 
was a very peculiar one, and, without meaning to impute blame, 
or to suppose any neglect of security, he must say that the cir^ 
cumstance of the armies not being actually engaged in hosti- 
lities, necessarily led to a distribution of force for the more con^ 
venient obtainment of subsistence for 30 large an army. The 
whole line of troops destinedto act upon France not being equally 
advanced, it was clearly not the interest of the Allies to become 
the assailants ; the army, therefore, which was to act upon the 
offensive, making its point of union the point it chose for an 
attack, must have a great advantage over an army situated as 
the Allied Army was ; and yet it was impossible to alter that po- 
sition ; for if Marshal Blucher and the Duke of Wellington had 

* The Editor hat to acknowledge his obligations for the kindness and at- 
tention of his friends in procnring ibr him many of the interesting letters and 
anecdotes^ farming those particulars which precede the Official Docvments, Sec 



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4S FURTHER PARTICULARS. 

concentrated their forces, they most have left open & long line of 
country at the mercy of the Enemy, who might hav« made use of 
such a Is^se for the most important ends : and therefore, not im- 
puting any neglect of preparation to the Commander, it must be 
evident, that the attacking army would have the advantage. 
With such a force, on the frontiers of France, it was with Buo- 
naparte a great object to attack it in some powerful point, be- 
fore the Combined Powers were all perfectly ready for opera- 
tions ; and accordingly he had acted with all the decision of cha- 
racter, and energy of mind that he. was known to possess, and as 
soon as he could leave Paris, he joined his army, and directing 
it to the North, commenced his operations. In considering the 
nature and extent of the forces engaged, he must observe, dial 
of the ten corps d'arm6e which Fi:ance possessed, the five which 
were complete, were united under Buonaparte, together with 
his guard, and other cavalry. These troops had certainly main- 
tained their ancient character ; and one feature of the victory 
VHU, thcU it had been gained over the best troops of France, 
and that too, at a moment when they displayed all their ardour, 
and when their conduct even surpassed all that they had before 
performed; although this force did not amount to less than om 
hundred and thirty or forty thousand men, the flower of thm 
French army! — That was a regular and disciplined army, even 
before the Bourbons quitted France, and for which, since the 
return of Buonaparte, every thing had been done to make it ef- 
fective; it was the force which had been selected, and combined 
to act upon the Tior them frontier. To particularize the conduct 
of any part of the Allied Army, would be invidious, where aQ 
had acquitted themselves with nearly equal bravery; but he 
might be allowed to say, that except the British part, (who them- 
selves were only such as the country could spare at a time whea 
a strong detachment of onr veteran troops had been sent to 
America) nearly the whole was a green army : the Allies, parti- 
cularly the Dutch, Belgians, Hanoverians, and troops of 
Nassau, were chiefly young soldiers ; and deducting the absent 
corps, consisting of 25,000 under Prince Frederick, and the 
other corps distributed along the line to the northward, lliere 
was not in action a greater number than 64,000 men, to support 
the attack of the whole French army. He fully felt what we 
owed to the ilhistrious Prussians, who were rendy to support the 



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ftATTLB OF WATEBLOO. 49 

British antty» and enabled them to make that movement, without 
which the Duke could not have obtained such an advantage ovei* 
a Boperior fotce. The effort he made was crowned with success ; 
and with his energy of mind, and example of person, it was cer- 
tain that much would be effected. — But from that example, t r 
was dreadful to refitct en the risks to which his valucAh life was 
exposed; — in fact, such was his dixmtihss activity, that he was 
rmtch more exposed than any private sMier, who could only 
bear the hazard of a single spot; hut the Duke was every where, 
at least wherever danger loo^.^^-Under the circumstances im 
which the Duke found himself at the end of the day, when the 
French had been repulsed, and Marshal Bulow advanced, he 
put lumself in motion, and attacked the French ; their lines did 
not resist as ours had done; he forced the second line, routed 
their whole army, and took more than half the artiUery of 
their army and its ommunition.-^ltweA impossible to attempt to 
predict what would be the result of this victory ; but this much 
was certain, that the Duke of Wellington had {be^i enabled to 
follow the Enemy, with an army, that had been either fighting 
or marching the whole day before. The French had attacked 
with their usual temerity : by this he did not mean to censure 
tfiem ; Buonaparte was justitied in his attempt ; he had been 
driven back ; but if he. could have succeeded, the effect would 
have been fully equal to the sacrifice made to obtain the object.*' 
Extract from Lord CasthreagKs Speech in the House of Com- 
mons, preparatory to his motion for a Vote of Thanks, June 23 ; 
which see, with the Officers included in the Waterloo Honours, 
at the end of this work. 

The whole of the mighty and important operations were car- 
ried on within a tract of country extending from Thuin to Ligny, 
about 20 miles, from Ligny to Waterloo about the same dis- 
tance, and from Waterloo to Tliuin about 25 miles. There is 
no doubt that Buonaparte would have been attacked as soon as 
the Russians had come up ; but in point of iact, he commenced 
hostilities, without any menacing movement on the adverse side. 
He issued an Order of the Day on the 14th to his soldiers, ap^ 
pealing to their passions, by remin^ng them that that day was 
the anniversary of Marengo and of Friedland.*^ On the follow- • 



* Vide Docnaneiits in the Frendi Oftetal Accoimtt foUowiog. 
e 

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so rVETHSR PARTICULARS. 

mg moning, at day-light, he put the whole of his army in mo^ 
ties, and attad^ed the Prussian poets established on the Samhre; 
in the eourse of the day, he succeeded in driving, them firom that 
river, making himself master of the ground from Thuin to Flea* 
m9« According to Buonaparte's account of the result, in the 
various contests on the 15th, the Prussians lost 9QO0 men, whilf 
the French only experienced a loss of 10 killed, and 80 yrwoA^ 
ed ! Buonaparte also claims a victory on the 16th. He Jbew* 
ever admits, that he lost 8000 men on that dayt but says hs 
look many thousand prisoners, and 40 pieces of cannon! On 
Snnday the 18th, the grand struggle was made. .The wh<^ 
weight of the French force, with the exoeptioii of Vandamme's 
eorps, was. thrown upon the army of the J>uke of WellingtOfi# 
whose Jline was within fifteen miles of Brussels. The battk 
began about ten o'clock in the morning, with a furious attack urn 
a post occupied by us in front of our right This was $ajr 
ported by a very heavy cannonade upon our whole line^ ?ritb 
repeated attacks of in&ntry and cavalry, until seven in the even- 
ing, when the Enemy made a desperate attempt to force our 
left, in which,, aftar a severe contest, he was defeated^ and retired 
in great disorder. This was the happy moment, seised by tbs 
genius and resolution of our unrivalled Hero; to advance his 
whole line of in&ntry, supported by cavalry and artillery^ 
against the £nemy,.who was undMle to resist the English attaek* 
Tlie first line was driven back on the second, and Ae second 
was almost instantly broken* AU was now total rout and ooa- 
iusion; artiUery, baggage, every thing waa abandoned; and the 
true British perseverance of General and soldiers was crowned 
with a success so much ^e more precious^ as it had remained 
long in a state of the most awful suspense* The French fought 
with greater desperation than ever be^e witnes^ ; but it w»J 
be fulded, that after their i^out, they became more completely bro^ 
ken than ever, threw away their arms by whole regiments, aad 
were* in short, wholly dispersed and disorganised. The loss on 
the part , of the British has been severe, but on that of Buona- 
parte it is almost beyoud calculation. On all sidea was seen a 
total disregard of personal danger. The leaders were mingled 
in the heat of the fray, like the meanest soldier. Marshal Bin- 
cker, it is said, was for some moments a prisoner. As to Buo- 
naparte,, he was more than oAee inclosed am^ng the British 



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BATTLE OP WATBRLOO. * 51 

troojMy and dt6eiitaiigl#d,« as it irete, by miracle. He led on the 
giMurd himself to the charge; and seemed t^ feel, tiiat there 
could b^ no hope for his power, but mliie abeofote jeopardy of 
lublifo. 

I.BTTBR FROM AN OPPIOER TO HIS FRIBND IK CUl^BBRLAKD. 

Camp of Clichy. 

** All tiie sharers of my tent having gone to Piuis, and my 
servant having manufactured a window-shutter into a table, and 
«^>aok-saddle inio a seat, I will no longer detey answering your 
two affoe«ionate letters, and endeavour to comply with yot^r de« 
mmdi of an acootmt of the batde sueh as it offered to- my own 
^Fes4 'f 

*^ On the 15di of June, every thing appeared so perfecdy 
quiets diat the Duchess of Richmond gave a ball and supper, 
to.wbich dll the world was invited ; and it was not tMt near ten 
o'clock at night that rumours of an action having taken place 
between the French and Prussians were circulated through the 
loom in whispers : no credit was given to them, however, for 
some ttme-; but when the General Officers, whose corps^ were in 
advance^ began to move, and when orders were given for persons 
to r^>air to their regim^its> matters then began to be considered 
in a dtffeifent light. At eleven o'clock the drums beat to arms,^ 
and the dtb Division,* which garrisoned Brussels, after having 
bivooaeked in the Park until day^^light, set forward towards the 
frontiers. On the road we met baggage and sick coming to the 
rear; but could only leam that the Rrench and Prussians had 
been fighting the ds^ before, and that another battle was ex* 
peoted when they left the advanced posts. At two o'clock we 
anrived at Genappe, from whence we heard firing very distinctly ; 
half an hour afterwards we saw the French columns advancing, 
and we bad scarcely taken our position when they attacked us. 
Our front consisted of tiie M anddth Divisions, with some 
Nassau people, and a brignde of cavahry, in all about 13,000 
mien; while the French forces, according to Ney's account, 
must have been inunense, as Us reserve' alone consisted of 
90^000^ which, however, he says> Buonaparte disposed of j(ith- 
out Imving advertised him. The business was begun by the first 
battatMH of tho 06th, which was sent to drive the Enemy out of 



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5t FDKTHlft PABTICUUifiS* 

some corn-fields, and a thick wood» of whicb they bad poiMs^ 
sion: after sustaining some loss, we succeeded completely ; and 
three companies of Brunswickers were left to keep it, while we 
acted on another part of the line : they, however, were driven 
out immediately ; and the French also got possession of a vil- 
lage which turned our flanks. We were then obliged to return^ 
and it took us the whole day to retake what had been lost. 
While we' were employed here, the remainder of the army were 
in a much more disagreeable siUiation : for in consequence of 
our inferiority in cavalry, each regiment was obliged to fonn » 
a square^ in which manner the most desperate attacks of infim* 
try and charges of cavalry were resisted and repelled ; aad whea 
night put an end to the slaughter, the French not. only gave up 
every attempt on our position, but retired from their own,, on. 
which we bivouacked. I will not attempt to describe the sort of 
night we passed — I will leave you to conceive it^ The groans 
of the wounded and dying, to whom no relief could be afforded^ 
must not be spoken of here, because on the 18tfa it was fifty 
thousand times worse. But a handful of men lying in the fiice 
of such superior numbers, and being obliged to sleep in squares 
for fear, the Enemy's dragoons^ knowing that we were weak in^ 
that arm, might make a dash into the camp, was no very pleasant 
reverie to soothe one to rest. Exclusive of this, I was annoyed 
hj a wound I had received in the thigh, and which was becoyie 
excessLvejiy painful. I had no great coat, and small rain con- 
tinued falling until late the next day, when it was succeeded by 
torrents. Boney, however, was determined not to give us much 
respite, for he attacked our piquets at two in the morning ; some 
companies of the 95th were sent to their support; and we 
continued skirmishing until eleven o'clock, when the Duke com- 
menced his retreat, whidi was covered by Lord Uxbridge.. The 
Blues and Life Guards behaved extremely well* 

'' The whole of the I7th, and indeed until late the next morn- 
ing, the weather, continued dreadfiil; and we w^e starving with 
hunger, no provision having been served out 9ince the march 
from Brussels. While five officers who composed our mess were 
looking at each other with the most deplorable faces imaginable, 
one of the men brought us a fowl he bad plundered, and a handfuL 
of biscuits, which, though but little, added to someteawelMHled 
in a camp-kettle, mad^ us rather more comfortably; apd we hud- 



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BATTLE OF WATERLOO. 55 

died up together, covered ourselves with straw, and were soon 
as souacHy asleep as though reposing on beds of down. I awoke 
long before day-light, and found myself in a very bad state alto- 
gether, being completely wet through in addition to all other ills. 
Fortunately I soon after this found my way to a shed, of which 
Sir And. Barnard (our commandant) had taken possession, where 
there was a fire, and in which with three or four others I re- 
mained until the rain abated. About ten o'clock the sun made 
his appearance, to view the mighty struggle which was to deter- 
mine the fate of Europe; and about an hour afterwards the 
French made their dispositions for the attack, which conunenced 
on the right. The J[>uke's Dispatch will give you a more accu* 
rate idea of the ground, and of the grand scale of operations, 
than I can do-; and I shall therefore confine myself to details of 
less importance which be has passed over. 

•" After haying tried the right, and found it strong, Buona- 
parte manoeuvred until he got 40 pieces of artillery to play on 
the left, where the 5th division, a brigade of heavy dragoons, and 
two companies of artillery, were posted. Our lines were form- 
ed behind a hedge, with two companies of the 95tfi extended in 
front, to annoy the Enemy's approach. For some time we saw^ 
that Buonaparte intended to attack us ; yet as nothing but ca- 
valry were visible, ik> one could imagine what were his plans. 
It was generally supposed, that he would endeavour to turn odr 
flank. Bat all on a sudden, his cavalry turned to the right and 
left, and showed large masses of infantry, who advanced up in 
the most gallant style, to the cries of " Vive VEmper ear!'' while 
a most tremendous cannonade was opened to cover their ap- 
proaclu They had arrived at the very hedge behind, which we 
were — the muskets were almost muzzle to muzzle, and a French 
mounted officer attempted to seize the colours of die 32d regiment, 
when poor Picton ordered the charge of our brigade, com- 
manded by Sir James Kempt. When the French saw ud rush- 
ing through the hedge, and heard the tremendous huzza which 
we gave, they turned; but instead of running» they walked off 
in close columns with the greatest steadiness, and allowed them- 
selves to be butchered without any material resistance. At this 
moment, part of Gen, Ponsonb/s brigade of heavy cavahry took 
them in flank, and, besides killed and wounded, nearly 2000 
were made prisoners. Now Buonapart6 again changed his plaii 



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54 FURTHER PARTICULARS. 

of attack. He sent a great force boHi on the right and left ; 
but his chief aim was the centre, through which lay the road to 
Brussels, and to gain this he appeared determined. What we 
had hitherto seen, was mere *' boys play " in comparison whli 
the *' tug of war " which took place from ^s time, (8 o'clock) 
until the day was decided. All our army was formed in sotid 
squares — ^the French cuirassiers advanced to the mouth of ouf 
cannon — rushed on our bayonets : sometimes walked their hocses 
on all sides of a square to look for an opening, through whkdi 
they might penetrate, or dashed madly on, thinking to oanrj 
every thing by desperation. But not a British soldier moved ; 
all personal feeling was forgotten in the enthusiasm of such a 
moment. Each person seemed to think the day depended on his 
individual exertions, and both aides vied wkh each other in acts 
of gallantry. Buonapart6 charged with his Imperial Gruarda. 
The Duke of Wellington led on a brigade consisting of the SSnd 
and 95th regiments. Lord Uxbridge was with every squadron 
of cavalry which was ordered forward. Poor Picton was killed 
at the head of our Division, while advancing. But in diort,- 
look througlf Uie list engaged on that day, and it would be diffi- 
cult to point out one who had not distinguished himself as much 
as another. Until eight o'clock, the contest raged without in-* 
termission, and a feather seemed only wanting in either scale to 
turn the balance. At this hour, our situation on the left centra 
was desperate^ The 5th Division, having borne the brunt of 
the battle, was reduced from 6000 to 1800. The 6th Division^ 
at least the British part of it, consisting of four regiments^ 
formed in our rear as a reserve, was almost destroyed, without 
having fired a shot, by the terrible play of artillery, and the fire 
of the light troops. The 27th had 400 men, and every officer 
but one subaltern, knocked down in square, without moving an ' 
inch, or discharging one musket ; and at that time I mention, 
both divisions could not oppose a sufficient front to the Enemy, 
who was rapidly advancing with crowds of fresh troops. We 
had not a single company for support, and the men were socom^ 
pletely worn out, that it required the greatest exertion on the 
part of the officers to keep up their spirits. Not a soldier 
thought of giving ground; but victory seemed hopdess, and they 
gave themselves up to death with perfect indijOTerence. A last 
effi>rt was our only chance. The remains of the r^^ents wer^ 

• 

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BATTLE CV WicTBtI.0O« 65 

fbtmed ar wfM as tbe circumataiices allowed, and when Hae^ 
French came within about 40 paces^ we set up a. death-howl, 
and dashed at thern^ . They fled immediately, not in a regular 
mamier as before, but in the greatest coniuskm. 

.^' Hieir animal spirits were exhausted, the panic spread, and 
in five minutes th^ army was in complete disorder: at tlus cri- 
twd moment firing, wtas heard on our left, the Prussians were 
warn oomiBf down on the r^^ht flank of the French, whiefa in* 
eveaaed their flight' to sach a degree, that ao mob was ever a 
greater scene, of coniVision; tbe road was blocked up l^ artil- 
lery; tbe->dragoons rode over the infant^; arms, knapsacks, 
^▼eiy 'thing was ' tfnvwn away, and ** scncoe qui petU " seemed 
indeed to be the miiyertol feeling. At eleven o'clock,'; when w^ 
halted;^' and ^^e the pursuit i» Blucher's fresh troops, 150 pieces 
of cannon and nmnbeors of prisoners had. fallen into our hands« 
I wiM not attempt to describe the scene of slangfater which the 
fields presented, or what any person possessed of the least spark 
of humanity must have felt, while we^ viewed the dreadful situah 
tion of some thousands of wounded wretch^ who remained with- 
ont assistance through a bitter cold night, succeeded by a day 
#f most soorchingJiciat; English and French were dying by the 
side of. each other ; and I have no doubt, hundreds who were not 
discovered when die dead were buried, and who were unable to 
erawl to any habitation, must have perished by famine. For 
mf own put, when we halted for the night, I sunk down ahnost 
^ ins^isible from fatigue ; my spirits and strength were completely 
exhausted. I was so weak, and the wotmd in my thig^ so pain- 
ful, from want of attention, and in consequence of severe exer* 
cise, that after I got to Nivelles, aqid /secured quarters, I dij 
not awake regularly for 36 hours." 

Extract of a Letter from aft Officer in the Guarde,* 

Bavay, June 21, 1815^ 

" I date my letter from the first town in France, Ve having 
this morning, for the- second time, .violated its boasted frontiers, 
and that too, in die very teeth of a triple line of fortresses, and • 

* Capt. Batty of the Grenadiei: Guards has also published an account of tlie 
aiiairs in tbe Netherlands, with a general plan of the whole campaign, of Qua- 
tre 3ra8 and of Waterloo, *which is strongly recomiaended to tbe notice qf the 
readtr. 



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56 



FDRTBER FARTICULAUS; 



on tbe anniversary of Vittoria, after a battle, wliicb, no^rttb- 
standing the brilliant and most glorious tale of the 21st of June, 
1813, must in every way rank above it, in the page of history. 

" Assured of my safety, you will doubtless be anxious for an 
account of the three eventful days I have witnesse4; and there- 
fore I lose no time in gratifying your curiosity, particularly a» I 
am aware of your desire to be informed of every thing rclatiBg 
to your friends the Guards. We were suddenly moved from 
.Enghien, where we had remained so many weeks in tranquiUity^ 
on the night of the l&th instant, or rather the morning of the 
.16th, at three o'clock. We continued on our march througli 
.Braine-le'»Gomte> (which had been the Prinoe of Orange's head* 
quarters,) and from thence on to Nivelles, where we halted, and 
the men began making fires and cooking. During the whole of 
this time, and as we approached the town, we heard distinctly 
a constant roar of cannon ; and we had scarcely rested ourselves, 
and commenced dressing the rations, which had be«i served oat 
at Enghien, when an Aide-de-»Camp from the Duke of Wei* 
lington arrived, and ordered us instantiy under arms, and to 
advance with all speed to Les Quatre Brqsp where the action 
was going on with the greatest fury, and where the French were 
making rapid strides towards the object they had in view, which 
was to gain a wood, called *' Bois de Bossu;" a circumstance 
calculated to possess them of the road to ** Nivelles," and to 
enable them to turn the flank of the Britirii and Brunswickers, 
and to cut off the communication between them and the other 
forces which were coming up. The order was, of course, in- 
stantiy obeyed; the meat which was cooking, was thrown awfiy ; 
the ketties, &c. packed up, and we proceeded, as fast as our 
tired legs would carry us, towards a scene of slaughter, which 
was a preludp well c^culated to usher in the bloody tragedy of 
the 18tii. 

** We marched up towards the Enemy, at each step hearings 
more clearly the fire of musquetry ; and as we approached the 
field of action, we met constantiy waggons full of men, of all 
tbe various nations under the Duke's command, wounded in the 
most dreadful manner. The sides of the road had a heap of 
dying and dead, very many of whom were British : such a scene 
did, indeed^ demand every better feeling of the mind to cope 
with its horrors; and too much cannot be said in praise of the 



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BATTLE OF WATERLOO. 57 

XKYision of Guards^ the very largest part of whom were jojshg 
soldiers, and yolanteers from the Militia^ who had never been 
exposed to the fire of an enemy, or witnessed its effects. Dor 
xing the period of oar advance from Niveiies, I suppose nothing 
<^oahl exceed the anxiety of the moment, with tiiose on the 
field. The French, who had a large cavalry and artillery, (in 
both of which arms we were quite destitute, excepting some 
£dgian and German guns,) had made dreadful havock in our 
lines, and had succeeded in pushing an immensely strong co- 
lumn of tirailleurs into the wood I have before mentioned, of 
iKhich they had possessed themselves, and had just be^un to 
cross the road, having marched through the wood, and placed 
.afEEurs in a critical situation, when the Guards luckily canfie in 
sight* The m<»nent we caught a glimpse of them, we halted, 
Atmtd, and having loaded, and fixed bayonets, advanced ; the 
French immediately retiring ; and the very last man who at- 
tempted to re-enter the woody was killed by our Grenadiers. 
At this instant, our men gave three glorious cheers, and, though 
-we had marched fifteen hours without any thing to eat and drink, 
save the water we procured on the march, we rusted to attack 
the Enemy. This was done by the 1st brigade, consisdng of 
the 2d and 3d battalions of the first regiment ; and the 2d bri- 
gade, consisting of the 2d battalion of the Coldstream and third 
regiment, were formed as a rese)rve along the chauss6e. As 
we entered the wood, a few noble fellows, who sunk dovfn over- 
powered with fatigue, lent their voice to cheer their comrades. 
T)ie trees were so thick, that it was beyond any thing diiBcult to 
effect a passage. As we approached, we saw the Enemy behind 
them, taking aim at us: they * contested every bush, and at a 
small rivulet running through the wood, they, attempted a stand, 
but could not resist us, and we at last succeeded in forcing them 
out of their possessions. The moment we endeavoured to go 
outof this wood, (which had naturally broken us,) the French 
cavabry charged us; but we at last fopud the third battalion, who 
had rather «Jh><edf the wood, and formed in front of it, where 
they afterwards were in hollow square, and repulsed all the at- 
tempts of the French cavalry to break them. Our loss was 
most tremendous, and nothing could exceed the desperate work 
of the evenings; the French infantry and cavalry fought most 
desperately ; and after a conflict of nearly three hours, (the ob- 



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58 • FUKTHER PAATICULAJ18« 

simacy of ^dnoh conld find no pandlel* Mjre in the slaag^ter^it 
oooaaioned,) we hid tbe luppineM to Sand onnelve*^ compbto 
masters of. tke road and wood, and that we bad at length dete^ 
ed*all the efforts of the French to outflank us, and turn our rigfal^ 
than which nothing could. be of greater moment to both partiea. 
General Pictoa's superb diyision had been engaged rince two 
o'clock p< If., and was still fighting wkh the greateat fury ; no 
tenna can be laund suflSbcient to explain theiroxertions. The fine 
brigade of Highlanders suffered most dreadfolly, and so did aU 
the regiments eagajred. The gallant and noble conduct c^ Aa 
Brunswickers was the admiration of every one. I myself, aaw 
scarcely any of the Dutch troops; but a regiment of Bdgiaa 
light cavah^ held a long struggle with the &mous Guirassiefa» 
in a way that can never be forgotten; they, poor fellows^ wer« 
nearly all cut to pieces. These French Cuirassiers charged two 
German guns, with the intent of taking thi»n» to turn them 
Jown tiie road on our flank. This charge was made ahmg th6 
diauss6e running from Charleroi to Brussels; the guns were 
placed near the fann*houses of Les Quatre Bras, and. were 
loaded, and kept till their close arrival* Two companies, (I 
think of Highkuiders, Vide Ijetierfrom the 92d,) posted be- 
hind a house and dung-hill, who flanked the Eneiny on tiieic sp^ 
proach, and the artillery, received them with such a discharge^ 
and so near, as to lay (with an effect like magic) the whole h^A 
of the column low ; causing it to fly, and b^ nearly all destroyed* 
We had fought till dark ; Uie French became less impetuous^ 
and after a little cannonade they retired from the field. Alas ! 
wheft we met after the action, how many were wanting among 
us; how many who were in the full pride of youth and manhood* 
had gone to that bpum, from whence they cpuld return no more ! 
I riiall now close my letter ; and in my next, will endeavour to 
give you some description of the 18th ; for, to add to this ac- 
count now, would be but to harrow up your mind with scenes of 
misery, of which those only who have been witnesses, can form 
an adequate idea/' 

Village of Gommignies, June 22, 1815. 

^* Having completed our day's ma!t$h,. I once more take up* 
my pen, and after giving you some of the leading features of the 
17th, shall do my best to relate to you, as far as lies in my power. 



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BATTLE OF WATEBLOO. 59 

tke most sinking iiicidentB of the glorious day of Waterloo* 
At day-break » on the 17th, we were again under arms, having 
anatcbed a hurried repose to our wearied limbs^ on the gromd 
Aear which we fought. Uncertain as to the moTements of thtf 
Siimny» or whether tibey purposed renewing their attack, we 
iTfve in a state of anxious suspense : and the skinnishing at in^ 
tervab in our front, made us expect that something was about 
to be done; during all this time, we were employed^ by parties^ 
ii^briag^g in our wounded companions, whom the darkness had 
tiie m^ before prevented our finding, and in doing our best to 
be ready for any thing that might occur, and in assuaging, as 
well as we Qould, the sufierings of those around us. We suc-» 
«eeded in findmg the bodies of our four officers, Captains Grose 
and Brown, Enugns Lord Hay and Barrington, who were killed; 
and had the melancholy satisfaction of paying the last tribute of 
yeq[>e0t to their remains; They were buried noar the wood, and 
sue of our officers read the service ov^ tli^m. Never did I 
ifilaess a scene more impoung ; those breasts which had, a few 
hours back, boldly encountered the greatest perils, did not now 
4iadain to be subdued by pity and affection ; and if the cere* 
mony wanted the real clerical solemnity due to its sacred cba^ 
racter, it received an ample equivalent in this mark of genuine 
regard, and the sinceiity with which we wished them a more 
immortid Halo, than that which honour will confer. The whole 
night was ocoopied in getting up the cavalry and artillery ; and 
report said, that the Duke of Wellington had. it in contempla* 
tion to become^ in his turn, the assailant ; be that as it may, we 
were ordered to fell back by the Charleroi road through Genappe, 
lo our position of Waterloo. I will not invite you to accom* 
pany us on our march, whidb was only marked by fatigue, dust» 
hoat,. and thirst After halting for a short time, to ascertain 
our actual position, we marched to it, and were greeted by one 
^f -the vcfy hardest showers of rain I ever remember to have 
seen, which lasted .neariy half an hour — ^it then ceased. The 
iHiole afternoon was taken up by the various divisions getting to 
their re^ective posts, and making active preparations for the 
expected attack on the morrow. Our position was a very com- 
pact one; the extreme left resting on Ter la Haye, the left 
centre on La Haye Sainte, and the right centre on Hougou- 
' mont ; and the extreme right vras thrown back to a certain de- 



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60 FURTHER PARTICULAK8. 

gree, in consequence of a ravine, which would otfaerwajs haT# 
laid it open to the Enemy. 

" We were posted near Hongonmont/ into which the four 
light companies of the division of Guards, under Colonel 
M'Donald and Lord Saltoun, were thrown. The house had a 
large garden attached to it^ laid out in the Dutch fashion, wtdi 
parallel walks and high thick hedges, and was surrounded by an 
orchard. As the army fell back, the Enemy's cavalry attacked 
the rear, and there were constant skirmished and charges of ca- 
valry during the day. Towards seven o'clock in the evening the 
French cannonaded Hougoumont and our position for near an 
hour and a half, and were answered by the guns on the top of 
tke hill in our front. We were moved back a little distance to 
get out of the exact range of the shotj and after continuing 
during the time I have above mentioned, eagerly awaiting a 
further developement of their attack, the firing ceased, and we 
continued till the morning in the situation we now held. The 
weather, which had hitherto been showery, became settled into 
.a decided and heavy rain, which continued in actual torrents 
the complete night through, accompanied by a gale of wind 
and constant thunder and lightning. Sitch a night few have 
witnessed, it was one that imagination would paint as alone fit 
for the festival of the daemons of death, and for the fates to com- 
plete the web of those brave souls whose thread of life was so 
nearly spun. After such a night of horrors and contending ex- 
pectations, Ihe dawn of any kind of day was welcome ; it seem- 
ed,, however, with difficulty to break through the heavy clouds 
which overhung the earth, and appeared so slowly, that it seem- 
ed as if nature reluctantly lent her light to assist at the scene of 
carnage and distress, which was to mark the history of this 
eventful day. Our artillery, which had the night before so ad- 
mirably answered the fire of the French guns, vras all placed on 
tiie heights in our front. It is here necessary for me to remark, 
that our position comprehended the two roads from Gbarleroi 
and Nrvelles to Brussels, which united at the village of Mont 
St. Jean, and formed rather an acute angle, the Prince of 
Orange's corps composed the first line, with the whole artillery 
in its front, and Lord Hill's corps the right flank and second 
line.. 

" About a quarter past eleven o'clock A. M. the battle corn- 
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' BATTLE OF WATERLOO. Ol 

me&ced by the French making a most desperate and imp^ttiouii 
attack upon Hongoomont, against which, as well as Iol Haye 
Sainte, they directed their most furious efforts during the whole 
day. Hougoumonty however, appeared to be the principal object 
they had in view, since its possession would have uncovered our 
flank, and have afforded them a most fatal advantage over our hue; 
in a word, had it been lost, nothing short of its being re-taken at 
any rate could have repaired the misfortune. The French 
opened upon us a dreadful cross-fire, from three hundred pieces 
of artillery, which was answered with a most uncommon practice 
firom our guns ; but to be just, we must own that the French bat- 
teries were served in a manner that was terrible. During this 
period, the Enemy pushed his troops into the orchard, &c. &c., 
and after its being contested for some hours, he succeeded in re- 
ducing our men to nothing but the house itself. Every tree, 
every walk, every hedge, every avenue had been fought for with 
an obstinacy ahnost unparalleled ; and the French were killed 
all round, and at the very door of the house, to which, as well 
as a bay-stack, they succeeded in setting fire; and though all in 
flames over their heads, our brave fellows never suffered them to' 
penetrate beyond the threshold; the greatest part of the 
grounded on both sides were, alas, here burned to death ! — In 
consequence of this success on th^p^rt of the French, the Cold- 
stream and third regiment were ordered into the wood, firom 
whence they drove the Enemy ; and every, subsequent struggle 
they made to re-possess themselves of it, proved abortive. The 
places of these two battalions of guards were supplied by two 
of our gallant firiends, the Black Brunswickers, who seemed, 
like salamanders, to revel in the smoke and flames. The 2d and 
3d battalions of the first regiment were formed with the two 
battalions of Brunswickers into hollow squares, on the slope 
and summit of the hill, so as to support each other ; and in this 
situation we all lay down, till between three an4 four o'clock 
P. M., in order to avoid the storm of death, which was flying 
close over our head^, and at ahnost every moment carrying de- 
struction among us : and it is, you will allow, a circumstance 
highly creditable to those men, to have lain so many hours under 
a fire, which for intensity and precision was never, I believe, 
equalled ; with nothing else to occupy their attention, save 
watching their companions falling around them, and listening to 

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62 FURTHER PARTICVLABf« 

their mouniful cries. It was about the time I hare just named, 
that the Enemy> having gained tke orchard^* commenced thenr 
desperate charges of eavahry, under cover of the. smoke whiefa 
the burning booses, &c. had caased ; the whole of which the 
wind drifted towards us, and thus prevented our observing their 
approach. At this period the battle assumed a diaraoter beyond 
descriptkm interesting, and anxAouely awiut. B«onapart6 was 
about to use against us aa arm, which he had never yet wielded 
but with success. Confidently relying upon the issue of thia 
attack, be charged our artiUery and infimtiy, hoping to ciqptave 
tile one, and break the •otherv and, by instantly establishing Ua 
own raiantry on the heighta, to carry the Brussels road, and 
throw our line into conftwion. These cavalry, selected for thetf 
tried gallantry and skill (not their height or mustachios), who 
were the terror of Northern Europe, and had never yet been 
foiled, were first brought up by the 3d battalion of the 1st regi« 
ment* Never was British valour and discipline so pre-emin^it 
as on this occasion; the steady i^pearance of this battalion 
caused the famous Cuirassiers to pull up'; and a few of tfaem^ 
with a courage worthy a better cause, rode out of the ranks, and 
fired at our people and mounted officers, with their pistols, h<^phig 
to midce the face of the square throw its fire upon tbem> aaid 
thus become an easy prey: but our men, with a steadine^ n« 
language can do justice to, defied their efforts, and did not piiA 
a single trigger. The French then made a sudden rush, but 
weie receiyed in such a manner, "and with a volley so well di^ - 
rected, as at once to turn them-; they then made an attempt on 
the 2d battalion, and the Brunswickers, with similar success ; 
and, astonished at their own failure, the cool intrepidifty of their 
opponents, and the British cheers, they faoedabeut. TUs same 
game was played in succession by the Imperial Horse Guards, 
and Polish Lancers, none of whom could at all succeed in break- 
ing our squares, or making the least impression upon them what* 
ever. During their attacks,, our cavalry ruefaed out firom be- 
tween the squares, and carried havock through the Enemy's ranks, 
which were nearly all destroyed. I cannot here resist relating 
an anecdote of Miyor Uoyd, of the Artillery, who, vrith another 
officer, (whose name I could not learii) was obliged to take re^ 
fnge in our square at the time these charges were made, being 
unable to aontinue longer at their posts. There was a gun be^^ 



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BATTLE OF WATBRLOO* 65 

tween our battalicm and the BrunswickeiB, which had been 
drawn back ; this, M^jor Uoyd with his friend discharfped five 
pr six times at the French cavalry, alternately loadii^ it and 
retiring to the si|nare, as ! cir/oumstances required. We could 
tea tike French knocked off tiieir horses as fast as they came up, 
ai|d one cannot re&se to call them men of singular gallantry ; 
one of them« indeed, an officer of the Imperial G.uards, seeing a 
gun about to be discharged at his companions, rode at it and 
never suffered its fire to be repeated while he lived< He was at 
length killed, by a Brunswick rifleman, and certainly saved a 
large part' of his regiment by this act of self-devotion. Thus 
disconffited, Buonaparte renewed his. cannonade, which was des* 
tractive tp a degree, preparatory to an attack of his whole in* 
fantry. I constantly sanr the noble. Duke of Wellington riding 
backwards, and forwards, liko the Genius of the storm, who, 
borne iqpon its wings» directed its thunder where to burst. He 
was every where to be found, encouraging, directing, animat- 
ing« He was in a bine sho^rt cloak, and a plain cooked hat, his 
tekscope in. his hand; thore was nothing that escaped him^ no- 
thing that he did not take advantage of, and his lynx's eyes 
seemed to penetrate the smoke, and forestall the movements of 
(he £e>6« How he escaped, that mercifol Power alone can tell, 
who vouchsafed to the allied arms the issue of .this pre-eminent 
contest ; for such it is, w)iether considered as an action by it- 
self, or with regard to the. results which it has brought about. 
Upon the cavalry being r^ulsed, the Duke himself ordered our 
second, battalion to form line with the third battalion, and, afW 
advancing to tiie brow of the hill, to lie down and shelter our- 
selves, from the fire. Here we remained, I imagine near an 
hour. It waanow about seven o'clock. The French infantry 
had m vain been brought up against our line, and, as a last re- 
source, Buonaparte resolved upon attacking our part of the 
position with his veteran Imperial Guard, promising them tho 
launder of Brussels. Their artillery covered tbem» and they 
advanced in solid column to where we lay. The Duke, who was 
ndiag behind ^}s> watched their approach, and at length, when 
within a hundred yards of us, exclaimed, " Up, Guards, and 
at them again ! " Never was there a prouder moment thw this 
for our country or ourselves. -The household troops of bothna;* 
tipns ^ere now, for the first time, brought in contact, and on 



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64 FUBTHER PAETlCULARft. 

the issue of their struggle the greatest of stakes was placed. 
The Enemy did not expect to meet ns so soon ; we suffered tfaem 
to approach still nearer, and then delivered a fire into them» 
which made them halt; a second^ like the first, carried hun* 
dreds of deaths into their mass ; and, without sufiering them to 
deploy, we gave them three British cheers, and a British charge 
of the bayonet. This was too much for their nerves, and they 
fled in disorder. The shape of their column was tracked by 
Iheir dying and dead, and not less than three hundred of them 
had fallen in two minutes to rise no more. Seeing the fate of 
their companions, a regiment of tirailleurs of the Guard at- 
tempted to attack our flank ; we instantly charged thefli, and 
our cheers rendered any thing further unnecessary, for they 
never awahed our approach. The French now formed solid 
squares i|| their rear, to resist our advance, which, however, 
our cavalry cut to pieces. The Duke now ordered the whole 
Kne to move forward ; nothing could be more beautiful. The 
sun, which had hitherto been veiled, at this instant shed upon 
us iiji departing rays, as if to smile upon the efibxts we were 
making, and bless them with success. As we proceeded in line 
down the slope, the regiments oli the high ground on our flanks 
were formed into hollow squares, in which manner they accom- 
panied us, in order to protect us from cavabry — the blow was 
now struck, the victory was complete, and the Enemy fled in 
every direction : his deroute was the most perfect ever known ; 
in the space of a mile and a half along the road, we found more 
than thirty guns, besides ammunition waggons, &c. &c. Our 
noble and brave coadjutors, the Prussians, who had some time 
since been dealing out havock in the rear of the Enemy, now 
falling in with our line of march, we halted, and let them con* 
tinue the pursuit. Buonapart6 fled the field on the advance of 
the Prussians, and the annihilation of his Imperial Ghiard, witb 
whose overthrow all his hopes perished. Thus ended the day. 
of ^^ Waterloo." The skill and courage of our Artillery could 
not be exceeded. The brigade of Guards, in Hougouniont» 
suffered nothing to rob theim of their post: every regiment 
eclipsed its former deeds by the glories of to-day ; and I can- 
not better close this than by informing you, that when we halted 
for the night, which we did close to where Buonaparte had 
been during a great portion of the battle, and were preparing 



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BAT'TLE of WATERLOO. 65 

our bivouac by the road side, a -regiment of Prussian lancerd 
coming by, halted, and played " Ood save the King,"^ than 
which nothing could be more appropriate or graiefol to our feel-^ 
ings ; and I am sure I need scarcely add, that we gave them 
three heartfelt cheers, as the only return we could then offer.** 

Extract from a Letter by an Officer in the Guards. 

** On the evening of the 15fli, we heard that the French were 
passing the frontiers, and we received orders to hold ourselves in 
readiness to march; at two o'clock we received our orders to 
march, and were oflF at three* We passed through. Braine-le- 
Comte, and proceeded to a bivouac near Nivelles. While we 
were setting ourselves down, an order came to move immedi- 
ately to the left through Nivelles-*- having passed it, we heard 
the firing very close, and soon met . many wounded Belgians ' 
coming in. At five o'clock, General Maitland galloped up, 
and ordered the Grenadiers to drive the French out of a wood, 
and in about half an hour we perfectly cleared it. When we 
opened at the end of the wood, the Enemy threw in a most 
tremendous fire of round and grape shot, fi-om which we found 
it necessary to retire. We got out of the wood in another 
part, and they immediately advanced coluums to attack us, 
which deployed very regularly, and drove us a short way back. 
However, we advanced again; and they gave* way, and retired 
to their guns. They then advanced upon us, and having driven 
us back a second time, their cavalry attempted to charge ; but a 
square of Black Brunswickershronghi them up, while we ,were 
nimbly sli^t into the wood on our right, lined the ditches, and 
paid them handsomely. - Our loss was very severe, and we found 
great difiiculty in forming our line again. At last we efieoted 
it with the third battaljon of our regiment, and then we drove 
every thing before us. We kept possession of the wood all 
night. The Prussians and French had been engaged fi-om.two 
o'clock in the morning, in the position o^Fleurus; and the 
former had been driven back. The French then tried to get 
possession of the road to Brussels. They had a severe contest 
vith the Dutch, and one of our divisions, and had succeeded 
in driving the Dutch out of a wood, (Bossu, I think it is called). 
We arrived at the very moment the French skirmishers were 
appearing. We dashed in and cut them up properly, though 

^ f 

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0$ FURTHfft PAl^TICVLAES. 

9^T Ig$8 WW fevff^. Out 9f 81 I hud ©rfy 48 kr(t is my c<mi- 
|f«4jr** At nigbttfaf reBiaims of tb^ batteliop bivonnoked %% tbe 
hm4 of tbe rond, (Mid d^uri^ th^ aif bt we received a 9^^9S re* 
m&»c9mwt. Tbey eall tbig tbe action ef Qaatre Braf (wbere 
two bigfa roads crosp). ]bi tbe momin; ef tbe I7tb, ^e EiMiy 
made no farther attempt against ns ; and as the Prassians had 
retired during the nighty we did the same very lelsorely, about 
11 e'deekf taking up a position in front of a village oalled Wa- 
tertoo^ at a point where the high road or chanss^e to Bnuaelf 
orosses that from Nivelles to Namiur. Here we remained quiet 
through the night, exeept that it rained more furiously then ever 
I experienced, even in Spain. We were quite wet tbnragli, 
and literally up to the ancles in mud. The cavalry were omm- 
dcrably engaged during the day of the }7th, but tiM Uuaann 
^uld not make much inqpression against th^r heavy armed ep 
ponents. The life Guards behaved most nobly, and earned 
every thing before them*. The morning of the 18th dawned fiiH 
o£ expectation of something decisive being done. 

*^ But first I must give you some idea of our position. It ran 
from the Brussels chau^sfte to the right, about a mile and a half 
IP length, and then turned very sharply to the right and crossed 
the chauss^e from Nivelles to Namur, which two c^uss^es' 
caress each other, so that we wer o nearly in a quart^-eirde 
(IBie an open fan, the two oatside sticks being the chauss^ea). 

** At the turn and at the bottom of a slope was a farm and 
orchards, called Hougeumoit. Hiis was the key of our posi- 
tions, and in frpnt bf oar i^ontre. On this point the most seri- 
rions attack was made. 
** At twelve o'clock the oolomns of the Enemy moved down 
from the heights which tiiey had occupied during the night, and 
our artillery began to caimonade them most furiously, which 
Aeir artillery returned ; and it is said ^that 960 pieces were in 
nae that day. The Aitish inftntry were drawn up in .columBs 
ttnder the ridge of (he position. We were at the turn or knudde 
vritb two battalions of Brunswickers» Hie Third Begimea^ of 
Gnards were in cdunms in frcmt of the turn, and the CoM- 

* It a|>peari by the Gazette, tliat tlie first regiment of Ovardf lost, tn tbk 
i#ur, five officers killed and eight wounded : no official retnm has yet been 
made of the men ; hot report states, that regiment to have lost 500 kifled and 
^NNmdcd in this )»tlfe, CKdosbely of the action on the isth. 



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BATTLE OF WATlltOO. 6? 

atream 9t the farm-4K>u8e* Tbe ligkt ve&a^ of the dmaira 
were to defend the orchard and smaU wood ncoct to it. The 
third division were in sqoares to the left of our squai^^ zad 
under cover of the ridge. 

'' Unfortunately fer n$, doring the cannonade the shot and 
sMls which passed o^er the ariilkvy/ fell into our squares^ and 
I aasare you I never was in a more awful situation* CoL Cook 
(who eonueaaaded the battaUon) was struck with a grape^^hot as 
he sat on the gromd aes^t to no. The Eaessy now made aft 
attack with iafantry «Bd cavalry on the left, in bqpes of qarxying 
the dbaiiss^e to Brussels ; but the arUUefy guns cut them to 
pieces every time they advanced. They then attempted to 
charge the guns wi& cavalry ; bat the squares of infantry kept 
up so smart a fire that they could aev^ reach our guns, thoi^ 
the artillerymen were obhged to leave them to get out of our 
frre. When the Enemy found the attempt fail on this point, ho 
Ofderedan attack qui the fewhhetas^ which it was necessary fpr 
him to possess in order to turn the ri^t of our position. There 
it was that the serious struggle commenced. Two companies of 
Kght infiemtry, under Lord SaItoun> disputed the wood and oir- 
chard most gallantly, but were at last obliged to retire under 
oavar of ^ baaae» wheia Ae Enemy were charged by thf light 
infimtry of the 3d brigade (the Col4atream and dd\ and imm 
back with great loaa^ At tk«i fetiod the Coldstream entered 
tha hauae» ^rtuch the Enemy scA (m fire by shells, b^t did not 
entirely ooasume ik The £aeooy were Med in two repealbBd 
atlemptf, and were oa((h ijmfi aevetely cut up by the artillery^ 
When ttey failed in dieir attaoks upon our squares, the cavahry 
rariiad out from between our squares, and cu^ them dp most 
4eqperately. When he found these efforts vain, he began hit v 
itkack upon the c^stre. * He first endeavoured to carry the guna 
^ittk his cavalry, which came up most gallantly; but our squares 
soMtheai to the right about Aree times in great style. I never 
taw any thing so fine, the cavalry rushing out and picking up 
tlie deserted cannon. After these failures he brought up his 
Gayde ImperidUy just c^posite to our brigade, which had form- 
ed in Kne on their advancing. We were all lying under shelter 
of a small bank» as they covered their advance with a most ter- 
rible fire of grape and musketry.^ Buonaparte led'them him- 
self to the rise of the hUl, and told them, ** that was the way to 

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69 PURtMER PAtlTlCULAlfS. 

Brussels:'' we allowed them to approach v>ery near*— wh^ft w^ 
opened so des^active a fire, that Uiere were soon above 300 6f 
them upon the ground, and they began to waver.- We instantly 
charged, but they ran as fast as possible. The Duke of Wel-^ 
lington^ observing this crisis, brought up the 42d and 95tb, 
taking the Enemy in flank, and leading them himself quite close 
up. The Enemy's column was entirely dispersed. After this, 
we were again annoyed with grape and musketry, which obliged 
us to retire. On fronting, we saw another heavy column of the 
Chcuseurs de la Garde Impcriale. We immediately started at 
double quick time to meet them ; but they had had such a pro^ 
per reception just before, that they never let us come near them ; 
and when they turned, the rout became general. We ran on as 
fast as we could, and the cavalry started after them. We got 
about two miles that evening, taking ourselves 30 pieces of can- 
non. Nothing could be more complete and decisive. Most for- 
tunately the Prussians came on ^be. field at this mpment, and 
pursued the Enemy through the night." 

Extract of a Letter from an Officer of the Guards, from the 
Bivouac near Landrecy. 

" After our bivouac of the 18th after the battle, we marched 
to Nivelles, over the terrible field ; so horrible a scene, scarcely 
any man ever witnessed ; the ground, for the space of a league^ 
was covered with bodies^ absolutely lying in ranks, and horses 
grouped in heaps, with their riders* Towards our right was a 
chateau, which during the battle took fire from the Enemy'* 
shells ; and in that state was heroicsdly defended by Saltoan, 
and afterwards by the 2nd brigade of guards. The appearance 
brought to my mind St. Sebastian; it was equally horrid, though 
en a smaller scale. — I did not mention to you, in my last, that 
towards the close of the action, we were engaged vrith the Im- 
fyerial Guard. After seven hours dreadftil cannonade, and dur- 

* Those who witnessed this, speak of it as a most handsome affair. The Im- 
perial Guards' charge was most furious; General BJmg, from circumstances, 
could only receive them in line ; the volley was destructive, literally knocking 
the mass back ; nothmg could exceed the effect, or be snpenor to tiiu deter-* 
mined coolness. Gen. Byng, in the course of the day, had many narrow es- 
capes ; in one instance, a cannon-ball forced itself between his arm and side, 
lending a hole in his cloak, but did no other miBchief than leaving a slight con-' 
tii^ion in tlic hip. EdiUr. 



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BATTLE OF WATERLOO. 69 

ing' which we suffered very much from grape and shells, the 
French cavalry advanced in a . gallop, in masses* up the slope 
of a gentle hill ; they were arrested by a continual Echelon of 
squares, whose cross fire cut them to pieces, our men standing 
like statues. After this succeeded a tiraillade (sharp-shooting) 
of about half an hour, when we all imagined the fight was over, 
and that it would die away with the night; but to our surprise, 
the head of an immense column of the Old Guard appeared 
trampling down the com fields in our front : they advanced to 
within one hundred and fifty yards of our brigade, without at- 
tempting to deploy or fire a shot. Our wings threw themselves 
immediately foi-ward, and kept up such a murderous fire, that 
the Enemy retired, losing half, their numbers, who, without 
any exaggeration, literally lay in sections. Their loss in can- 
non is estimated at 160 pieces, and the Prussians take more 
every step they advance. I have now to tell you the lamentable 
los^ of 32 officers of our regiment, which has left the command 
of the 2nd battalion under Saltoun, and the third under Reeve, 
the two youngest Captains. Maitland commands the division, 
wid Fe||d the Brigade, in consequence of General Cooke's 
wounds. Colonel Cooke was struck by a cannon-shot on the 
shoulder, about a foot above my head ; but I beheve hia case 
is not hopeless. Those who were at Vittoria, Albuera, and 
JLeipsic, say, their fire was not to he mentioned, or the carnage 
to be compared to that of Waterloo.^The 73d regiment is com- 
manded by Lieut. Robert Stewart, and the 1st. light Germap 
battalion has only one captain left. — Milnes not being Ukely to re- 
cover, or Luttrell command for some time, I have this morning ac- 
cepted the command of the regular light infantry company, in- 
stead of the supplementary one, which I commanded in the 
action. Greville is in company with me. We marched on the 
19th to Nivelles, 20th to Binch, 2l8t to Bavay, and to-day to 
this place, 15 miles from Cambray, 6 miles from Quesnoy, and 
10 from Landrecy. The Hussar brigade, and some light troops, 
with a corps of Prussians, observe Maubeuge, and some HanO" 
verian cavahry are stationed round Quesnoy. The Prussians ad- 
vance by Charleroi, Maubeuge, and Landrecy, and Givet. I 
hop0 soon to datelrom Paris." 



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70 *FUETH£R PARTXCULAS8. 



From cat Qficer to hi$ FaiJUr (written on the JUld of hattU), 
dated Les Quatre Bra$, I9tk Jvm, 1815. 

<« Eoglaod has to thattk the talents of her coDsmiuftate Gene- 
ral and the bravery of the allied troops under Us command, 
their steadiness, and great endarance of privation ; for yestef- 
day's viotory is equalled by none of OKKleni days, except Leipsig. 

^ On the 14tb, the French army transferred tiie seat of war 
from its own territory, to that of the Allies, by crossing the (iron- 
tiar ui thfe direction of Fontaine St. Eveque, and moving in 
laiige masses on Charleroi and Fleurus. Daring the I6th, tiiey 
Sttooeeded in getting possession of these places, and m moving 
thek whole army on the road Irott Charieroi to Bmssels, witt 
the intention of separating the English from the Prussian right, 
and carrying consternation to that city. The Ckiards moved 
from Ei^hien at three o'clock in the morning of tiie ISth, to 
Braine-le-Comte, then to Nivelies, and horn thence, (making sD 
together 27 miles march) to Lea 42aatre Bras— a point where 
ibur cross roads meet, one leading from Charieroi to^russeb, 
immediately on our march. We found that we had come at the 
mritical moment, when the Enemy were actually in possession ef 
a large wood, commanding idl four roads* and catting off our 
cemmnnication with Marshal Blucher. Die 9d division had 
been driven from the wood, and the Guards were ordered to re- 
take it He ;Enemy's tirailleurs retired as we advanced, till at 
length we passed the wood, and found ourselves in die presence 
of an immense body of French cavahry ready to charge. From 
the difficulties of die ground, we could not manoeuvre, and re^ 
tired into the wood ; the cavalry charged in after us, did us no 
harm, and were all cut to pieces ; but their light troops advanced 
. in soch numbers, as to oblige us to evacuate the wood at tea 
o%lock, after four hours hard fightings till night closed the busi- 
ness. We lost here in the first brigade^ Lord Hay, Barrington, 
Brown, and Cross, kilted; Askew, Adair, Miller, Streatfidd, 
Townsend, Stuart, Croft, Fhidyer, and Luthei, wounded. I re- 
ceived a contusion in my right instep from 'a'musket shot, and a 
bayonet scratch over the eye ; but neither of ^y consequence. 
At night, we bivouacked on the road ; and in the morning of the 
17th, retired on the Brussels road, to preserve our communica- 

/' 7 

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O^'l 



JlATtLl OF WATIRMO. 7l 

tion with tiie Pnusiito, who had hMn M^ptfately attacked^^iUid 
had retired on the 10th, m the sanke direction* Lord WeiKi^ 
toA took np a position with Jiis whole army, near Braine^la*Lend, 
his right resting on the Tillage of Waterloo, covering the afK. 
proaeh from Charleroi; his left extending bfjbnd, and corerlng 
the approach from NiTelles-^the whole position 12 miles from 
Brossels, and coTering it in those directions. The night Of the 
17th Was a miserably wet pii^ucft bivoiiac for me, tii^ rain falling 
in torrents. At noon on th^ 18th, the FteAch made the ttMt 
de^erate attack with artillery, caralry, and tiraillenrs, eVer wit- 
nessed. Oar defence was equally terrible. The whole line ifrttB 
• formed in squares and battalions ; not one man fell back ; the 
whole stood firm. Hie French caval^ry repeatedly attacked 
^helon of squares after 6cheton, and were repulsed ten or 
deyen times' with inmiense loss. Our squares stood in the fkce 
of shot, shells, and every thing dke ; which caused great destnic- 
tion, without our being able to return a shot. At eight o'cloek, 
tbe Enemy moVed forward his old Guard, It^ho were received by 
the first brigade of Gkisords, and a Dutth brigade, with Sahonii 
at their head, with such a fire, that they took to tiieil' heels-^eir 
whole army fled in the greatest disorder, and was foDoWed in 
sweeping lines, a^ fast wi the lines could move. Our cavalry cot 
them to pieces. The abandoned guns, carriages, knapsacks, 
and muskets, choAked up the ground; and for five miles, in 
which we followed theffl last night, the field was covered ifith the 
bodies of Frenchmen only. The Prussians beat them in another 
Irttack of the same sort the same day, and took Napoleon's car- 
riage and baggage. Napoleofi commanded the army opposed to 
the Duke of Wellington, and both Were m the field together. 
We are just gomg to move off in pursuit. I have not taken 
my clothes off, or changed, since I left Enghi^it ; and don't knoi^ 
when I shall. I never ^as better in my life. On die Ifitb, we 
lost Doyly and Pardee, killed— Oen. Cooke, laent. Col. Cooke, 
Stables, Ltitterell, Batty, and EIUs, Wounded." 

Extract qf a L$tter from an Ojfictr in the 2d Life Otmrdi, 
dated 20th June, IS16. 

^' On die moniing of the 16th inst. ^bout 2 o'clock, im order 
came for the cavalry to move from their cantonments, and we 
marched from Maerfneke about 7. We passed Enghieti^ Braine- 

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72 FURTHER VARTICULAKS. 

]e-Cointe> ^nd on approaohiag Nivelles about 7 in the evaniBg, 
we first heard the canaonadiug, which had contmeficed about 3 
p. M. . After passing through Nivelles, we proceeded at a trot 
for several miles along the chaussee leading from that town to 
Namur; and, on th^ approach of night, bivouacked in a wheat- 
field, between that road and the one leading from Charleroi to 
Brussels, and in front of the village of Genappe. 

" Next morning (the 17th) our brigade, with the rest of the 
cavalry, was drawn up in line of battle, fronting the wood where 
the French had retired during the night; but they declined at- 
tacking U3. Our infantry continued, during the morning, to re- 
tire^ .towards Brussels ; it being Lord Wellington s intention to 
draw the French, by a ruse de guerre, to a spot of ground which 
he had fixed on, between Genappe and Brussels, as the most ad- 
vantageous for giving tliem battle. After all the infantry had 
retired, the cavalry began to retire also, and were soon fol- 
lowed by that of the Enejny. During this movement, a violent 
thunder-storm came on, accompanied with torrents of rain. The 
1st Life Guards, with Lord Uxbridge at their head, had an op- 
portunity of charging some French Lancers at the entrance into 
Genappe, which they did most gallantly, and almost cut them to 
pieces. We were to have given them another charge of the 
same sort, but they thought it prudent not to expose themselves 
to our weight a second time. In the evening, we bivouacked 
pn a piece of marshy ground, near the village of Mount St. Jean, 
where, from the quantity of rain that had fallen, we were almost 
knee-deep in mud and water. It continued to rain in torrents 
the whole of the night, but cleared up about 9 o'clock in the 
morning of the 18th. About 11 A. M. the action commenced, 
and the Household Brigade of cavalry was soon ordered forward 
to charge the Cuirassiers of the Imperial Guard, which they did 
with great success. Asecond charge left but few of them ; but we 
in Qurtum have suffered much, for the heaviest fire, which was 
truly tremendous, was directed against the Household Brigade 
during tiie whole of the day, and it is astonishing how any of us 
escaped. Towards the evening, the fate of the day seemed doubtful) 
but the timeljr arrival of the Prussians turned the scale in our 
favour, and the French army was completely routed, and re- 
treated in the utmost confusion, leaving us masters of the field. 

" The 1st. Life Guards have lost Col. Ferrior and Captam 
I^nd, and several of the o£Bcers have been wounded. We hav§ 

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BAT^TLE OF WATERLOO. 73 

lost Xieut. Col. Fitzgerald, who was killed by a cannon shot 
soon after the first charge. Captain Irby was taken prisoner, 
his horse having fallen with him in returning from the charge. 
He has since made his escape and joined us; but they^ have 
stripped him of bis sword and money, and threatened to take 
his life. Lieut. Waymouth is missing, but supposed to be 
taken prisoner. Col. Lygon, and most of the officers had thejr 
horses wounded during the action. About 10 P. M. the army 
bivouacked for the night : there was then only one subaltern 
with two corporals and six privates of the 2d Life Guar^^ 
remaining, and about double the number of the Ist Life Guards, 
but no officer, all or most of them having been dismounted* The 
command of the remains of the two regiments, for the night, 
was given by Lord Edward Somerset to the remaining officer of 
the 2d regiment. 

" Several of our men, who had their horses shot during the 
battle, have joined us, mounted upon horses who had lost their 
riders, some belonging to our regiment, others to the 1st Life 
Guards, &c. &c. and many French. The stragglers of the other 
regiments are similarly mounted. We have at present about 40 
men with us ; we know of about 49 wounded, and the names of 
about 16 killed; but our loss has been much greater, as I imagine; 
most of those returned missing are killed^ as the French did not 
take many of our men prisoners.* 

** Lord Wellington was near our brigade several times in the 
course of the day. He appeared much pleased with the conduct 
of the troops, and is said to have- observed to the General Officer 
near him, that it was the hardest battle he ever fought, and that be 
had seen many charges of cavalry, but never any to equal those 
made by the heavy- brigades, particularly the Household. We 
madft in all four charges, viz. two' against the Cuirassiers, and 
two against infantry .'^ 

Extract of a Letter by an Officer in the Light Dragoons. 

*' That previous to the Horse Guards charge, on the 18th, this 
regiment was ordered to attack a body of Lancers and Cuiras- 
siers, on whom they could make no impression : that numbers of 

* The Sd Life Gomrds, on the mornUig of the 18th, were not much above 180 
Strang, a part of the regiment having been detached. Bnt of this nnmber, it 
has been since ascertained, that tiie loss on that day was 15$ horses and 86 men, 
which indndes those who were kiUed, and those whQ died of their wonnds. 



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74 FCRTHtK PABTlCtLAJtS, 

their men havings fallen, they were forced to retrfeat^ when the 
Fyench were ordered to charge in ihm tarn, and from the supe- 
rior weight of the horses and men, and their specie of armour 
and weapons, he had the mortification to see them ctit do^m 
nambers of his regiment : that being in the rear, he soon I'eceived 
himself so deilperate a shock from one of the laacers as to plunge 
himself and horse into a deep ditch, with sach violence that 1^ 
horse never got out alive ; while he, being thrown, fortunately 
escaped with life, though immersed in, and covered with mud and 
water : that in his ikll, the lancer, attempted to run him through, 
luckily missed his aim, and only tore, away part of the flesh of 
the arm: that finding himself in the midst of the Enemy, he 
had offered^ an officer to surrender, but^who declined takings 
charge of him then, and ordered him to an adjacent field, where 
were several others under similar circumstances : that he had the 
mortification to witness from thence Ae overthrow of numbers 
of the men during' their retreat/- but at last to his great satisfec- 
tkm saw the heavy brigade advance to the charge, who in their 
turn overthrew every thing in their way, literally roHing both 
men and horsed of the French over to a considerable distance, hy 
the tremendous force of their charge, '^d cutting down all be- 
fbre them. Seeing the face of afihirs to be changed, he contem- 
plated upon an escape ; and having communicated his idea to a 
brother officer near him, they together made for another part of 
the field, and had hardly gained the summit of a steep bank, 
when looking back, they observed a small French detachment 
enter the field, and cut down in cold blood alt the prisoners there 
waiting for the orders of their captors, to the number of 80 or 
40, while only himself and companion escaped/^ 

42c7 Highland Regiment. * 

" The 43d regiment was ordered to advance along with a 
Belgian corps, to support the Prussians, who were under fire. 

* Extract of « Letter fitm a Prieate w the 49d Reghnent to hh Father. 

Oenerul HotpUal, Antwerp^ June 24> 1815. 

^ On the 15th, abeit twelve o'clock at Bight, we tamed -out, iuid at ttdr^ m 
the moruBg laarched frote the city of Bniiae]^, tonieet tht TSmemjf wh» W9f 
advandng in great force wn that city. Aboat three a'^lack in the'a Aw f a— a 
of the 16th, we came up With than. <htr whole force iid not eteeed If ySOO 
men, who were fatigued with a long march of upwards of twenty miles, encnnn 

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BikTTLE Off WATBSLOO. 7S 

ht Ite Mtfoh, owvg eiA«r ta their dwii «ap«ifor ^uidtMift, dr 
to Iho YaDi of order io^ Belgiaas, tb* taitt«r woro left beUod; 
ood in a ioM of high standing oom, a octanm of Frenoh Imdt 
omi advanced upon, thoin. Col. Maoara ordered tho rogim^nt 
^ fonn a tqaare^ in doing irhioh two oeiopauki ^ore Uft out» 
or vet* lolber in^tho not of ihUiiig in, niion they worn pierced by 
the Lancers, and in one moment ov^wbehned, ind litemlly 
annihilatod. The lanoors then attacked tho sqaare^ and repeated 
the charge soveral times. One half of them were ako mowed 
down, togethor with the brave Colonel \ npon which Llent-CoL 
Dick look the command^ though wounded by a mnsket^^ball; he 
soooeeded in rallying and foMning them into a diminished square, 
and thus presented an Undaunted resistance to the Enemy. He 

battd with knftplecks and othe^ Isggag^. The day was Qncommoiily wanii «&d 
m wat^ to be had on the road ; howevary we were brought up in order of bat- 
tit. The French being strongly posted in a thick wood, to the number of 40,000 
aan, including aavalry and lancers, gate ns very little time to look round nsere 
tke fight commenced on both sides, m an awful and destructive manner, they 
biTing every advantage of us, both as to position and numbers, particularly im 
cavalry, and the British dragoons had not yet came up. The French cavaliy 
dtiuged the British line oMnfaotry three different times, and did much execn- 
tioa, until we were obliged to form squares of battalions, in order to turn thctn, 
which was executed in a most gallant manner, and many hundreds of them never 
returned. Stilt they sent np fresh fbrces, and as often we beat them back. The 
battle lasted until it was quite dark, when the Enemy began to give way ; our 
pear l^ows who were left alive following them as long as they could see, when 
nigfatput an end to Ae fatignes of a well-fought day. Thousands on both fides 
I^ killed and iivoended on the field of battle; and, as the greater part of the 
aiction lay 4n com fields along a vait tract of country, many hundred must have 
<fied for want of assistance through the night, who were not able of themselves 
to crawl away. I was ^wounded by a mu8ke^lMdl, which passed through my 
light arm and breast, and Mgvd in my back, from whence it was extracted by 
a surgeon in the hospital of this place. Captain M. Is most severely wounded, 
faavi^everai shots through his body, and the regiment, in general, are mostly 
cttt aff. We have heard, since we came here, that our fine brigade, which 
eottffed 1^ field on that eventful day, consisting of the ^d battalion Royid Scots, 
. 40d, 44th| tad 9Sd regiments, are now formed into one battalion, not exceeding 
in the whale 400 nen. Lord Wellington retired in the night to wait for rem- 
fte^caflMOU) and aoct day onr cavalry and the rest of the army arrived. Thns 
I hava glvao yoa U IbU an account of afiairs,^ principally what I witnessed en 
the l^tiu Kolhhig eaa exceed the kindness and attention of the inhabitants of 
this city 10 eair woaadad men $ iht hospital is constantly filled with ladies and 
genUemen, who, although speaking a different language, personally administer 
to our wants with the kindest attention, cttfttHbating clean shirts, bread, wine, 
^ceffee, tea, milk, and fruit of all sorts, with every requisite ior our coaifort and 
accommodation." 



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76 



FURTHER PARTICULARS. 



LieateDant-Colonel was at length, firom the lam of blood, carried 
from the field ; when he was succeeded by Captain Davidson, 
.who had been previously twice wounded, but remained hi the 
field till nearly the close of the I6th, when he received his deathr 
wound ; but the gallant remnant of the men succeeded in put- 
ting the lancers to flight. On the 16th, this regiment bad 
killed and wounded 284, on the 18tb, 49." 

PLAN OF THE BATTLE OF THE 16th JUNE. 




EXPLANATION. 

The plan is mostly inteoded to illastrate the following letter, which relates 
chiefly to the glorioas part which the 9Sd took in the contat, it however gives 



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«AtTLE Ot WATfillLOO; 77 

^kbil, asd wiU serve to explain tiie moremeiits of other Highland regi- 
menu, who came thus early into the contest. The 9Sd regiment is desig- 
nated by its number, in three different positions. The dotted line indicates 
the course of its advance against the Enemy. The horizontal road is that lead- 
ing froin Brussels, by yfhlch our troops came up. The small circle in front of 
the second position of the 93d in the ditch, is the spot where the Duke of Wel- 
lington was so exposed. The road from the house. No. 2, to the village of Qua- 
tre Bras, No. 6, is that by which the French cavalry made the desperate charges 
recounted below. No. 5, is the garden referred to in the letter, as the scene of 
a dreadful resistance. No. 7, is the Brunswick cavalry, which were routed. 
The third position of the 92d> in the right-hand comer, dose to the wood, is the 
spot to which their gallant remnant had reached, when they were relieved by the 
goards. Here they were exposed to a flank fire from a column and a battery, 
besides a fire from the body which they had so nobly driven back. The cavalry 
oolunms are indicated, on both sides, by a half circle extebdtog fW>m the peraW 
Icli^ram. ,The guns will be easily distlngubhed. 

92d Regiment, written 2lst of June, from Brussels, by a 
wounded Officer, 

*' The 9th brigade consisted of 1st, or Royal Scots, 42d, 44th, and 
92d regiments. The 8th brigade, the 32d, 28th, 79th, and 95th. 
We marched 80 miles tl^at night, and came up with the Enemy 
about 2 or 3 o'clock next day, viz. the 16th. We were immedi- 
ately marched into the field, as there were only one British divi- 
sion and some Brunswickers there before we came up. The 
92d took the position in a ditch to cover the guns and the cavalry, 
being the junior regiment, — while the re^t of the division went a 
little to the left to check the French infantry that were passing 
on there. We lay in a most disagreeable situation for upwards 
of an hour, having an excellent view, however, of the fight, but 
exposed to a most tremendous fire, from their great guns, of 
shot, shells, grape, &c. which we found great diiSculty in keeping 
clear of. I say keeping clear of, because you can very often see 
the round shot coming. This heavy fire was maintained against 
us in consequence of the Duke and his StaflP being only two of 
three yards in front of the 92d, (vide small circle in plan,) per- 
fectly seen by the French, and because all the reinforcements 
which were coming up passed along the road in which we were. 
Here I had a remarkable opportunity of vdtnessing the sang- 
froid of the Duke, who, unconcerned' at the showers of shot 
falling on every side of him, and killing and wounding a number 
of his Staff, stood watching the Enemy and giving orders with as' 
much composed calmness as if he were at a review. The 



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78 rVBTHBH 9A|tTIQ9i^lt>« ' 

Frflnoh oaTalry were bow bogiMimg to adTfiBoe iA front of tlie 
92d, to take tiie Tillage, and the Brunswick cavalry tliat were 
also in our front went on to mQ^t them ; but the French putting 
«pura to th^ir bi^rses to cbargo. the Brun^wiok^rs wheeled about 
and galloped upon the 92d in tiie greatest eonfuttoo. The 
French were soon up with Dieir rear men» cutting^ them down 
most horribly. The Eoemy also dismoont^d thq twq guns I have 
marked. We did not allow the flying Brunswickers to break 
through our regiment, but they passed round our right flank » 
close to the men's bayQnet3x having the French mingled with 
tb^m cutting away. W^ of course could not fire to help tb^m 
till iikej had cleared us. At the same instant, the road from the 
French lines towards the village, was covered witii cavahry at 
full speed charging. When the Brunswickers cleared our righjt 
we wheeled our grenadiers back on the road, the ditch of which 
we lined, that they might fire when the first of the Frendi should 
pass No. 2; the rest were to fire obliquely on Ui^ road a»d on the 
remainsof those that followed tbf^ Brunswickers. The volley was 
decisive. Thti front qf the Frmeh chorg^ mas eampkiely sepm- 
rated/rom th^ rwr ky tM gap vjhich tpe mai^,, and nothing was 
seen but men and horses tumbling on each other. Their rear 
retreated, and the front dashed through the tillage cutting down 
all stragglers* Our assistant-surgeop dressing a man behind a 
liouse No. 4> had his bonnet cut in two, and a lance run into bis 
side. Three of them came down the road through the grena- 
diers at full speedi brandishing their swords, and our rear ra)p]^ 
firing at them all the way. Two were brought down, but the 
third,— (his horse gushing blood from all parts) had just cleared 
the regiment, when Col. Mitchell made a cut at him with bis 
sabre, which he dexterously parried^ but an officer of the StaS* 
cut, with his sword, the hamstrings of tbe fellow's horse, and be 
was taken. The rest were likewise taken, and they tell me that 
eight pursued the Puke a good way* I wonder bow be got oS, 
for J saw him in front not five minutes before the charge. The 
Enemy's cliarge being repelled, it was now our turn to have our 
share of charging. The French formed their cavalry again to 
charge, supported by infantry, and advanced past House No. ' 
2, "when Adjutant-General Barnes, our old brigadier in Spain 
and France, who is doatingly fond of the regiment, came down 
to the front, and calling out, ' Come on, my 6ld 92d,' the men 



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AATTtE OP WATERLOO. 7Q 

jolnp^dif om the diteb iod chatg^ in the finest style, up ta the 
bouse No. 3* He was then obliged to leave ns, as it was not 
his' dnty to ohnrge, although be coold not resist the impolse. 
We were then moved forward from b^nd the house, with our 
fanre Colonel Cameron at our bead. When we jumped from 
the ditek, the offieer with the regimental colour was shot through 
&e heart He staff of the colour was Mattered in six piocea 
wiA three baUs, and the staff of the King's colour with one* i 
got the remains of the regimental. When we moved from be- 
hind the hoase> and had passed the oorner ef th^ garden parallel 
to the roady No.^. we reoeiyed a Volley firom a column on the 
right which was retreating towards the wood. This fire kiUe4 
C^I^mI Cameron and Mr. Bech^r* and wpunded a great many* 
This oolumn itf the Enemy kopt us five minutes before we cmM 
clear the garden in advance to the wood. The fire here was 
dreadftiL There was an immense slaughter among us at this 
time, but the Frimch began at last to give way» and retreated up 
the side of the woodir keeping up, however, a tremendous fice, 
and kilUng a great many of our regiment. We had advanoeil 
so fiyp that we were how completely separated from tho rest of 
the line, and scarcely fifty men of those of us who went vA^ 
a^tiea ware fcanafaung. A regiment of guards was aiWrwardf 
sent 9p to relieve us, but not before thirty of that fifty were lut 
** We fermed behind the houses after we left the field, with the 
less, which yon will see by the Gaeette, of 2& officers and S7Q 



^* (ha regiment has again attracted the notice of all the Sta£ 
On the 18th, when the cavalry charged in such desperatimi, and 
the line formed squares, ncme stood but the 92d, and they charged 
vith the Seoteh Greys, at the time they took the Eagles. 

** In the aftermMUBuef the 18th, the regiment, which was then 
reduced to about 200 men, found it necessary to charge a co- 
ef die i^emy which came down on them, from St to 3000 
i: they broke into the centre of the column with the bayonet; 
and the instant they pierced it, the Scotch Greys dashed in to 
their support, when tiiey tod the 92d cheered and huasa'd 
'* Scotland for ever!" By die effort which followed, the Enemy 
to a man wene put to the sword or taken prison^^s ; after which 
the Gveys charged through the Enemy's second line, and took 
the earfes." 



••O*' 



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80 1?URTHBR PARTlCtJLAHS. 

" It was peiliaps the most destractive battle ever fought He 
loss fell almost entirely on our division, which, along with the 
Brunswick troops and some Prussians, was the only one up for 
the first two hours. The three Scotch regiments are nearly an- 
nihilated!! — Ours had only six oflBcers who escaped, and some' 
are so dangerously wounded, as to give little hopes of Aeir re- 
covery. We were amply revenged, however; and gave Ihe 
French a lesson, which they will not soon forget; but they were 
so strcmg on this point, that, notwitiistanding our giving them 
such a drubbing, his Grace found it necessary to occupy a bdtter 
position, by retiring about a league and a half in the rear. He 
expected another attack, but it did not take place ; and this.gave 
time to Lord Hill and Blucher to operate upon the Eneniy's 
flanks, which obliged him to retrograde. His Grace was. strongs 
eaeugh to repel any attack that might be made upon him. 

•* You w^ould be astonished how we could have borne the fa- 
tigue which we suffered. We marched from Brussels at one in 
the morning, and arrived at three o'clock in the afternoon at the 
place of action, having marched nine leagues. We were engaged 
in five'mintites after, and contmued so till night. I was womided 
about half past eight, when I was obliged to walk six miles to 
the nearest village, where I lay in pain and sleepless till day- . 
light. I w^ again obliged to walk to Brussels, seven leagues ; 
not being able to bear the motion of a waggon. The exertiou 
has done me no good. I am indeed surprised that J was able 
to stand it out. The poor fellows who had escaped, bivouacked 
in the field, without tents or baggage — last night the same — and 
it has rained incessantly. I am unable to give you the particu- 
lars of the action — it was altogether brilliant and decisive. The 
Highlanders, and Royals, in particular, behaved admirably. Our 
regiment was charged b^ a body of Cuirassiers of the Guard, 
and we gave them a noble peppering. We also charged a co-^ 
lumn of infiuitry, which we dispersed ; on getting behind some ^ 
hedges, they rallied, and gave us a terrible fire. It was rhere 
that our regiment suffered most. Cttmeron our gallant Golondi^ 
(Vide JtfUitary Notices of FcdUn Hiroes)2Lnd four otter officers^ 
fe\\ almost at the same instant — ^this was about six o'clock. We 
drove them, however, from all the hedges, and advanced upon 
two guns, which began to open upon us with grape. These we 



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Uil^f LE OP WATERLOO. 81 

slso drove from two dififerent positions. The French suffered 
prodigiously ; but our cavalry and artillery not being up^ we 
could do no more than repel their attacks. 

" TTie courier arrived in the Duke of Bassano's carriage. Our 
regiment was again engaged, and suffered severely. There is 
scarcely one officer left. Never was there sight so touching, 
so extraordinary, as this town presents. — the people in crowds 
going out to meet the wounded with refreshments, ban^ges, 
&c. — all tiie women employed in the kindest offices. I returned 
to the house of my former landlord, where I am treated as if 
I were his own brother. The French prisoners are treated by 
the populace in the most violent manner ; tiie escort can with 
difficulty protect them from being attacked." » 

The Scotch regimentB, who had daring the battle of the 18th, given inch 
pcoofii of hemic intrepidity, offered a most sympathetica! example in appearing 
to forget their wounds, to render services to their wonnded Iron Foe, who, 
but the minute before, had been attempting with all their might to destroy 
them. We know from respectable persons, that upwards of 500 of the French 
owe their lives to tiieir generous enemies ; << among these respectable warriors, 
the Scotch "^deserve to be particularly commemorated ; and this honourable men^ 
tion, is due to their discipline, their mildness, their patience, their humanity, 
and their bravery without example/' 

*^ On the 16th and 18th of June 1815, their valour was displayed in a manner 
th4 most heroic. Multiplied, constant, and ahaoost unheard of prooft were given, I 
do not merely say of courage, but of devotion to their country quite extraordinary 
and sublime— nor must we forget that these men so terrible in the Field of Battle, * 
were mild and tranquil out of it/' ViscataU Vanderfotse, 

EXTRACTS FROM LETTERS RELATIVE TO THE CONDUCT OF 
THE 3d BATTALION OF THE ROYALS. 

Battle of the I6th. 

•* I have great pleasure in detailing the conduct of the gallant 
3d Battalion of the Royal Scots ; and though I have been pre- 
sent with the regiment at the battles of Bnsaco, Salamanca, Vit- 
toria, Fuentes d'Honor, both stormings of San Sebastian, the 
passage of the Bidassoa, &c. (in all of which they bore a most 
conspicuous part, and suffered most severely), I can assure you 
they never evinced more steadiness and determined bravery than 
at tile late battle. About half-past one o'clock on the 16th, the 
battafion' was taken from its place in the centre of the 6th divi- 
sion, by a movement to its own left, by order of Sir Thomas* 

S 

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8e FURTHER PARTICULABS/ 

Piotop^ and instantly by conunand of that lamented' Meet. 
brought into action by a charge upon a column of the fin^my i 
H sQcceeded beyond oar most sanguine expectations in renting 
this column, who afterwards formed under the protection of 
their cavalry, and then commenced a most galling fire upon us,^ 
which we returned with the utmost steadiness and precision^ 
The battalion was brought into action under the most trying 
circumstances imaginable, and continued so for a long time ; but 
they never for one moment lost sight of that character which 
upon former trials they had so well earned and maintained. The 
groimd through which they moved was planted with com that 
took the tallest men up to the shoulders ; and the Enemy by this, 
and the advantage of die rising ground, threw in volley after 
volley of grape and musketry, which did astonishing execution. 

*' After being engaged for some time in a line, the battalion^ 
was formed ioto a square to resist the £n^n/s cavah7, who 
were, thm advancing in great force ; and I have the pride of 
stating^ that though charged six or seven times by an infinite 
superiority of numbers, the French cavalry neyer ibr an inalant 
made the slightest impression upon the square of the Royal 
Scots. 

'' The high encomiums given to this battalion on 'the morning 
of the 17th, by the Creneral Officers both of Brigade and Divi- 
sion, for its conduct on the 16th, have made me very proud of 
bemg a Royal Scot. The Cuirassiers never were able to make 
the smallest impression upon our squares, nor did we lose one 
single man by the cavalry. We were at the very commencement 
of the action sent with Sir James Kempfs brigade, by order of 
Sir T. Picton, and remained iqpart from our own brigade the 
whole day. The 42d and 92d were chiefiy engaged near a vil- 
lage, in. which the Commander o( the Forces remained witk the 
head-quarters for a great part of the aftemoon.^ Our battaUoU' 
and the 28th formed one square, and it so happened that the 
Cuirassiers charged that part of the sqpoare in wl^ch the Royals 
were posted. 

'< Ou' the afternoon of the 17tb, ihe battalion, in concert witl^ 
tk^ lest of the army, retired through the village of Geaappe,^ and 
took op the position of Waterloo, which was destined to add 
fresh j^ory to the British arms^ About nine o'clock in the 
morning of the 18th, the bat^dion was attacked by th^ Enemy,., 



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teATTLE OP WATERLOO. • 8^.1 

leaid wilJb very litUe intemiptiaii the eutir^ (ts(y the^^^orm^d* a 
Ime ef skinnifthiDg in front 6f the brigade. I have <^h\k ^eett 
the battalion engaged; bnt I mast confess, <m tbi»tryuig day^ 
tbey fiir excelled any thing I ever witnessed, and, indeed/ se 
pleased was the late General Picton with their gallantry and good, 
oondnct, thai he several times expressed it himself to them in 
tbe most flattering terms." 

Extract of a Letter from Charleroi, June 20thf in the mmiiimg^. 

The well-known sentiments of the Functionary who is the an^ok" 
ef this letter, guarantees the authenticity of the details 
which he gives. 

*' The 14th in the evening, the Pmssians w^re ilifonned, tiiat 
a movement was execnting along the whole Fr^ich line ; d)ftd ib 
hct, at seven a. m. on the 15th, the thraiUenri were upon' Mar- 
cUamteS'Sttr-Pont and Couillet There wei^ several ^aflhirs of 
oat*posts, and the firing of musketry took place as fieur asltite' 
entrance of the wood of Gilly. The French remained maliters 
of the town at eleven a. m. 

** Baonapart^'s army defiled during two days ; be was him^lf 
at the liead of the first column ; he passed through h«re at three ^ 
o'clock, as far as the wood of Oilly, where he tbok a position. 

*^ About 6 or 7/i« !». he returned to lodge at Puisaao^, and 
set off again the next morning at 10, to direct di^ batde which 
took place firomlagny to Quatre-Bras. — 1 never ia my Ki^saw 
a ^ner French army, than that which he had Ais time«* 

*^ It was wholly composed of veteran troOps, and bad a con«> 
sidelrabie materiel. Well, in twice twenty-four hours he baa 
lost all. His soldiers began to arrive here on the 18th, at 7 
p. in. in the most terrible disorder. Three quarters of thine 
who returned were wounded. The Generals and Officers were 
in the most cruel despair, and vented a thousand impr^iDatio&s 
against this man, wbo cannot satiate himself with blood : they 
will not serve him any longer. AlihoSt all the Colonels, Majors, 
and Generals, are either killed or wounded. In a word^ cf 
4P.00O cavahry who passed thrddgh here, not 10,000 capable of 
jwervice have returned ; they all ihsew away'thdr arms, and every 
aaldier said be was going home, anid that nobody should eVftr 
bring Um into the fire again. 

* N. B. The writer has senred several camptigBt as a conscript. 

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'^ Officers have told me, that the retreat from Moscow was aot 
near so terrible as this, because Ae Grenerals and Chiefs of Gorps 
had abandoned ev^ thing, and saved themselves as they coukL 

*/ Of the immense artillery which Buonaparte had, only twelve 
pieces of cannon have returned. 

" From Quatre-Bras to Beaumont, you cannot take four steps 
without finding effects that have been abaiidoned. More than 100 
caissons, loaded with ammunition, provisions, and money, were 
abandoned in the streets'\)f Charleroi, which, in three hours, were 
al^ pillaged by the populace. 

'' I have just learned, that almost all the villages through which 
the French passed in their retreat, have been plundered* Mar- 
shal Blucher s corps is here, and the heads of his columns are 
advancing to Beaumont. The .French prisoners taken by the 
Prussians, are sent to Tirlemont, Louvain, Liege, &c. Their 
number is immense ; the artillery taken is sent to the rear of the 
army.'* 

From a Correspondent at Brussels, June 22. 

^* After the action of the I6th, which was uncommonly obsti- 
nate and bloody, both armies retired a few miles. The French 
occupied a large wood near Crenappe : the English took up a 
strong position, with a village calted Waterloo in their centre, 
(which was head-quarters), about thirteen miles from Brussels, 
having the fine forest of Soign6, which extends from thence to (he 
very gates of Brussels, in their rear. The Prussians, under Ge- 
neral Bulow, were posted on the left of the Anglo-Belgic army, 
having the small town of Wavre for their head-quarters. All Sa- 
turday, the 17th, both sides were busy preparing for the terrible 
contest. A cannonade was kept up at intervals. The weather 
was sultry, with heavy showers and much thunder and lightning. 
The British artillery and cavabry (the want of which was severely 
felt on the 16tb, had now come up, with the 27th, and some - 
other fresh regiments. The ground being unequal, the little' 
hills and swells were fumbhed with cannon. These preparations - 
continued till about noon of Sunday the 18th, when the French 
debouched from their coverts, and were astonished, but not 
daunted, to find us so well prepared to receive them. They- 
made their attack with more than their usual impetuosity, at-* 
tempting to cut our line, and turn our left wing ; in which if they 

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BATTLE OF WATERLOO. 85 

hjatd sncceededi they woald have separated us from the Prussians. 
To effect this» they made the most astonishing and reiterated ef- 
fortSy column propelling column, whilst their artillery and mor- 
tars scattered destruction along our whole line. They, in fact, 
did succeed in breaking up some of our squares of infantry, not- 
withstanding the most heroic acts of. courage that ever were dis- 
played in any battle. But the Enemy's columns were shaken; 
iiis men could no longer be made to stand ; and his officers fought 
unsupported by their soldiers, like men in despair. At this cri- 
tical moment, the grand and general charge was made. Our 
brave fellows poured down on the Enemy with irresistible force ; 
and about nine o'clock, the French gave up the well-fought 
field, and retreated about six miles, leaving the ground thickly 
strewed with killed and wounded, arms, cannon, and baggage. 
How our great Hero of the battle escaped being killed or taken 
is wonderful, as he was never exposed so much before.. He 
was seen with his spy-glass, viewing the manoeuvres of the field, 
with the same sang-froid and self-possession that an astronomer 
might be supposed to view the satellites of Jupiter ; whilst^ 
showers of balls and shells flew about him, with evident direction, 
and which Icilled and wounded several of his Staff. A select 
party of French cavalry cut their passage through our line of 
infantry, and were near succeeding in taking him prisoner. At 
one critical time, * when our lines and squares were wavering, 
liord Wellington himself, at the head of the 95th, charged and 
drove back the most advanced of the Enemy. — ( Vide Etching,) 

^* The feats of particular regiments were also remarkable. 
The 28th, Termed into a square, repulsed the repeated efforts 
of the Cuirassiers to break through them. The 78d did the 
same ; it repulsed every thing until its flanks were opened by 
showers of grape. — ( Vide Etching,) 

''The three Highland Regiments, the 42d, 79th, and92d, 
already thinned in the action of the 16th, and of which they 
bore the brunt, were now reduced to complete skeletons. — Such 
was also the state of the 44th after the action. Nor were the acts 
of the cavalry less meritorious, particularly the Heavy Brigade. 
The charge was led by the 6th, or Enniskilling Dragoons, with 
Sir William Ponsonby at their head. They cut down every thing 
before them, and overturned the French chasseur^ like nine- 
pins. It is said they actually made 3,000 prisoners. They were 

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^86 rURTHBR PARTICULARS. 

ibllowed up with equal intrepidity by the Guards, the Scoteh 
Greys, and the 1st Dragoon Guards : but to enumerate the par^- 
^ular deeds of each, would require the historic page to con- 
tain them* Suffice it to say, that all the British did their dnty 
in the most exemplary manner, as they never fail to do : nor shall 
I tarnish so brilliant a battle by making any remarks on corps 
.who might not have been so steady. As to the Enemy, it is but 
justice to say, his courage and conduct equalled, if not sar^ 
passed, the finest of his former exploits. It would be unworthy 
in us to wish to elevate our own character by traducing our ene^ 
mies. For by how much his valour shall have been conspicuous, 
by so much the more glory will they have acquired who have beat 
him. History will have a fine and just subject of praise in that 
of his Royal Highness the Hereditary Prince of Belgium. To- 
wards the close of the day, when our lines were bending, he was 
at the head of his people, cheering and exciting diem, amidst 
the hottest fire; in doing which, his Royal Highness received a 
mitsket*baU in bis left arm, which- ultimately lodged in the shoul- 
der.'' 

ExtroQtof a Letter from a German Ojficer, July 16. 

■ ** 1 have visited the field of battle.* The sleep of the dead 
h sound. On the spot where this day month thousands thronged 
and fought, where thousands sank and bled, and groaned and 
died, there is now not a living soul, and over aU hovers the still- 
ness of the grave. 

" In Ligny 2000 dead were buried. Here fought the Westr 
phalian and Berg regiments. Ligny is a village built of stone 
and thatched with straw, on a small stream which flows through 
flat meadows. In the village are several farm-houses, inclosed 
with walls and gates. Every farm-house the Prussians had conr 
verted into a fortress. The French endeavoured to penetrate 
through the village by means of superior numbers. Four times 
were they driven out. At last they set on fire the farm-houses in 
the upper end of the village with their howitzers ; but the Prus- 
sians dtill kept their ground at the lower end. A whole com* 

* Thoae who vritnessed tbe field two days after the battle, state, that the spec- 
tacle was mos^ horrible ; the contortioB of the fidlen was incoBceivaUe, and tiiU 
horror was increased by the large masses of horses that feHw Editor. 



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BATTLE OF WATERLOO. 8?- 

pany of WestphaUan troops fell in tli^ conrt-yai^ at the ^hureh ; 
on the terrace before the church lay 50 dead. 

** In the evening the French surrounded the yillage. Hie 
Pmssians retired half a league ; the position was Ipst; and it is 
mcomprebensible why the French did not follow up the advan- 
tage they had obtained, and again attack the Prussians in the 
Dight. , . 

'* Hiis was on the 16th. The same day a French column 
marched by the high road of Charleroi to Brussels. 

** At Quatre Bras, they found the Dake of Brunswick and 
the Prince of Orange. Here the battle was as hot as at Ligny. 
The Duke let himself be carried away by his ardour into the fire 
of small arms; a musket-ball went through his bridle-hand, and 
entered the belly; the liver was penetrated ; he fell, and breathed 
his last in ten minutes. His sufferings were short. 

** At the inn by the cross roads at Quatre Bras, the contest 
was the hottest. Here are the most graves. The wounded 
reeled into tlie inn-yard, leaned against the walls, and then sank 
down. There are still the traces of the blood on the walls, as it 
spouted forth from the wounds with departing life. 

*^ Where the batde was, the fields are completely trodden down 
for a circuit of about a league. On both sides pf the high road, 
ways are made about 100 feet broad, and you can still follow the 
march of the battalions in all directions through the fine fields of 
maize. 

** On the l8th, the battle was renewed four leagues nearer 
Brussels, on both sides of the high road* The spot is a plain, 
sprinkled with hillocks. The diameter of the field of battle may 
be about a league and a half» Buonaparte placed himself near 
the farm-house of Mont St. Jean, on a rising ground, whence 
he could overlook the whole. Beside him was one Lacoste, a 
Walloon, who now lives near the hamlet of Belle Alliance, and 
^ho was employed as a g^ide. This man told me as follows : — 
When the Pmssians came out of the wood of Fritschermont, 
Buonaparte observed them with his glass, and asked one of his 
adjutants who they were. The latter, upon looking through his 
glass, replied, * they are the Prussian colours.^ That moment 
his face assumed a chalky whiteness, as if the ghost of the sainted 
Queen of Prussia had appeared to him, whom he persecuted to 
death. He saidnothmg, but merely once shook his head* 



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88 FUBTHEE PARTICULARS. 

'' When h^ ^aw that the battle was lost, he rode off with his 
general staff and the above guide. He had told Lacoste, that 
he wished to be conducted by a by-road to Charleroi. 

*' Genappe is an open market-town, a league and a half from 
the field of battle, through which runs the,Dyle» a small stream. 
At the lower end of Genappe, lies an iron forge, which it drives.. 
A quarter of a mile lower lies 4he village of Ways, at which 
there is a bridge. An oflBcer had arrived at Genappe about five 
in the afternoon, with orders to withdraw the baggage. He had 
already considered the bs^ttle as lost, because the reserves had 
been brought into the fire. When the flight became almost uni- 
versal, the military waggons were driven 16 a-breast on the 
causeway. In the narrow Genappe they were wedged in toge- 
ther, and Lacoste relates that it took an hour and a half to get 
through them. It was half-past twelve at night before they got 
out of the town, with 150 horses of the staff. I asked him 
why he did not take Buonapart6 by the bridge of Ways, where 
nobody passed ; he replied — ' I was not aware of this road.' 

*' Thus with all the maps of the war depot, with all the engi- 
neer geographers, who with their repeating circles can set off 
the geographical position of places even to a second, Buona- 
parte, with a large Staff, here depended on the ignorance of a 
peasant, who did not know that there was a bridge over the 
Dyle at Ways, People talk a great deal of military skill and 
military science, while often in decisive moments the whole de- 
pends upon the knowledge of a very comn^on man. 

" In the village of Planchenoit, the fourth of a league from 
Belle Alliance, the Guards were posted. The principal house 
in the village is nearly burnt down. It is inhabited by a very in- 
telligent fanner of the name of Bemhard. Ko, like the others, 
had fled on the day of battle ; but witnessed, on an opposite 
height, the combat between Bulow and the French reserve, and 
could give a very good description of it. He carried me to the 
key of the position opposite Fritschermont. He told me that 
the peasant who guided Bulow's army, resolved not to come 
out of the wood at Fritschermont, but to descend into the valley 
lower down, and to penetrate by Planchenoit, nearly in the 
rear of the French reserves. * Then,' said he, * we shall take 
them all. The period was truly most critical when the Prussians 
came tp the att^pk^ Wcllin^^ton was hard pressed, all his re- 



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BATTLE or WAT£BLOO* 80 

serves were already in actton, be was already coitopelled to wil]^ 
draw son^e of his artillery, and a coimtryiQan from tke vicinily of 
Braine-la-Leud told me, that he saw some of the cCrmy (as be ex* ' 
pressed it} en dibanclaffe. Baonaparte was probably only waiting 
for the moment when, with his Qunrds* he could decide the day. 
We shudder when we reflect, that at this important momei^ 
all depended on the local knowledge of a single peasant. Had 
be gtuded wrong, had he led th^m into the hollow way through 
which the cannon could not pass, had Bulow's army come np an 
hour later, the scale had probably descended on the other side. 
Had Buonaparte been victorious, and advanced to the Rhine, 
the French nation would have been intoxicated with victory, and 
with what they call the national glory, and a levy en masse would 
have been effected throughout all France. 

" How great soever tiie number of killed and wounded in a 
battle may be, yet as compared with the amount of the armies 
engaged, it may generally be pronounced moderate. However 
murderous our artillery are, yet their operation is inconsiderable, 
as relative to the great number of rounds. At the battle of 
Leipsic, probably only about one in the hundred pf cannon €ind 
cartridge balls fired, took effect. The battle of Waterloo was 
more sanguinary firom the smallness of the field of battle. Pro^ 
bably every sixth man fell in it. 

" The disorder of a battle generally first originates with the 
runaways, who fly firom an impression that all is lost, and who 
bawl this out to others, in order to excuse their own flight. Al- 
though the Prussian army, on the 16th, retreated only half a 
league from Ligny, yet shoals of fugitives passed through Liege 
and Aix-la-Chapelle, spreading universal alarm. I fell in with 
some of them, 25 leagues from the field of battle ; they asserted^ 
that the French were within a mile of Brussels, and their light 
troops already in the suburbs. On the 18th, so early as five in 
the afternoon, French runaways came' to the inn at Quatre 
Bras, who had fled from the field, even at the time when cir« 
(Dumstances seemed very favourable to them. 

" The idea of being cut off, operates very strongly upon men^ 
should it get possession of the mass, then all order is lost, and 
the army destroys itself. Hence may be explained the great de- 
feat of the French on the 18th. In Genappe, there was nothing 
but pell-mell confusion, and they suffered themselves to be cut 



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'OD FURTHER PARTICULARS. 

-dffwtk tike cattle. In €Unappe« eight hundred lay on the spaf« 
General Dahesme, who commanded the rear guards was cut 
-down by a Brunewick hnssar, at the gate of an inn. — * The 
Dnke fell yesterday, and thou cihalt also bite the dast ^ so saying, 
4iie black hnssar cut him down. The fury of Ae Branswickers 
BO longer knew any bounds, 

** WeliingtQn's army consisted chidly of young regiments^anA 
Tery many of whom were quite youths* What supported than, 
was the confidence which they had in the talents of their GeneraL 
. ** Tile Belgians and Dutch, by the common Yiotory in iMmA 
Aey participated, have, been pretty weH amalgamated and fif«- 
tomized. Besides, the natipn feels itself honoured by its braTe 
Prince.'' 

Letter froifk Prince Bemhard of Saxe Weimar, to his Father^ 

Bivouac near Waterloo, in the Wood between Brussels and 
Genappe, June 19th, 1815. 

' '' Dear Father, 

** Thank God, I am still alive, and have escaped nnhurtfreni 
iwo bloody battles. The first was on the 16th of June, the se- 
cond was yesterday. I beg you, when you read tiiis, to take Fer- 
nurTs map in your hand. For four weeks I was in cantonments 
in Geuqppe, with the regiment of Orange Nassau, of which I an^ 
Colonel. On the 15tb, I was appointed Brigadier of the second 
brigade of the ditisioo Ferponcher ; my predecessor had had 
the misfortune to break his leg. Besides my two battahona 
of Orange Nassau, I now had under my command tiiree bat- 
talions of the Duchy of Nassau ; — when my brigade was 400O 
strong: to*day 1 have not 1200 left !— On the 15tb, the French 
fell upon the Prussian army, and pressed it very much. My bri- 
gade continued on the left wing of the Dutch army, the head^ 
quarters of which were at Braine4e-Comte — my division hiy in 
Nivelles. A battalion of Nassau were at Frasne, and also a 
battery of Dutch horse-artillery. When the Prussians retreated 
towards Fleurus, the post at Frasne was attacked and driven 
back. The infantry threw itself into a wood on the right, and 
the artillery retired fighting to Quatre Bras. At this important 
post, I had drawn my brigade together, and cannonaded die 



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BATTLB OF WATBBLOCK 94 

Snemy, ^om I succeeded in keeping oft. I mnniained tUs 
post through the whole night. Towards inonang, on the 
16th, I was reinforced by a battalion of Dntcb Yagers, and a 
battaHon of Militia. Soon after arrived my General of Divi* 
•ioB and the Prince of Orange. With the latter I went to tibe 
aot-posts, and by this order undertook a reconnoissanee, with a 
battalion and two cannon. Towat^s noon, the Enemy showed 
strong columns, Mid began to ouinoMde us. It is said he had 
three corps of -his army engaged agam^t us on this day* We 
had only five battalions to oppose to hhn^ and the skirts of a 
wood to defend to tiie utmost. 

**The Duke of Wellington himself was present at the begin- 
ning of the action ; I kept my ground a Icmg time againit an 
Enemy thrice my number, and had only two Belgic cannons to 
protect myself with. The Enemy took the point of a wood op- 
posite me, and incommoded my left flank. I, without loss of 
time, took some volunteers, and two companies of Dutch militia, 
and recovered my wood at the point of the bayonet ; I was at 
the head of the storming parties, and had the honour to be one of - 
the first in the wood. In cutting away some branches, I wounded 
myself witii my sabre very sUghtly in the right leg, but was not 
a moment out of battle : — it is in fact not worth while to mention 
this wound ; I write to you about it only that you. and n^ good 
mother may not be alarmed by exaggerated and foolish reports. 
While I manfully defended my wood, the Enemy drove back 
our left wing as far as Quatre Bras. It was on this occasion 
that the braye Duke of Brunswick was killed by a ball, which 
entered his breast^ Strong columns of infantry turned my right 
flank ; I asked for orders bow to act, but received none. When 
I saw myself suitoupded on all sides, and my people had ex- 
pended idl tfieir ammunition, I retreated in good order through 
the wood to the neighbourhood of Hautain le Val. The Hano- 
veriui division Alton supported me, and recovered the wood, but 
lost it again ; at last it was forced by the English with great 
loss, and maintained through the night I bivouacked for flie 
night in the wood. The Prussians retreated this day to Wavre, 
and on account of this retreat we were obliged to retire to the 
position near Mont St. Jean, between Genappe and Bruss^ ; 
this was done on the 17th. We were obliged to bivouac for 
the night upon a very muddy soil, in the most dreadful rain. 



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j9£ ruETHca partioular^v 

Yesl^v^ay about \Q a'plock began the deci»ive battle^ which ws» 
cfHDipl^ly gpamed towfu^ds evening by WelUngton over Napo* 
leoB; in, pf rson. A fafindred and sixty cannon are the fruit of 
tbiA bloody victory. I comnmnded on tfa^ left wing, and waa 
charged « to maintain a village aqd a position. With a great loss 
of.^ien I succeeded* The. victory was still doubtful, when, 
about 4 o'clock, the Prussians under Generals Bulow and Zie^ 
thefi', arrived upon our left flank, and decided the battle. Unliap- 
pily the Prudsiaas who were to support me in my village, iem^ 
ioQ^ my Nassaufirs, whose uniform is still very French, thotigh 
(heir hearts are true German, for Frenchmen, and made dread- 
ful fire upon them* They were driven from their post,' and I 
r^ULed them, a quarter of a league from the field of battle. My 
G^eral of division, whose first brigade was wholly destroyed, is 
UQw wijth,.m«. I must conclude, because I have just received 
o^dprs $0 prpceed to Nivelles in pursuit of the Enemy. Fare- 
well^ doar father; salute my mother, my sister-in-law, my brother, 
anc^alf my Irji^ds; and be assured that I will do every thing to^ 
be ^i^OJiby.of yoiju 

The Colonel and Brigadier, 

Bernhard of Saxe Weimar. 

Extrwtri of cr Letter from an Officer in the Army of Hie late 
'-• * •' l>w*« of Brunswick. 

Brunswick, June 29, 1815. 

'' -.— - On the ]15th, in the evening, about t^i o'dobk, a letter 
was broi^ht from the Duke* of Wellington's office, which con- 
tained ^ order, that all the troops might be eonoentrated at the 
AU^e Verte« near Brussels, on the following morning at day^ 
break. Orders were accordingly given* and sent off as fest as 
possible : but, the dislocations being rather at a great distance, 
the troops could not arrive before five o'olook; when ourla^ 
miQuted Duke, on the instant^ marched through Brussels, and so 
on, to the road to Waterloo. Directly afterwards, ike Duke of 
WjelUngton followed, and, after showing a letter to the Doke^ 
changed hisJiorse ; they then set off together,, and Were as fast 
as possible followed by their suites. About ten o'clock we 
* This forms a Subject for one of th* Etchings* 



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BATTLE OF WATERLOO-. 93' 

anived at Quatre Bras/ where we found part of the Nassaa 
troops ei^^ed, and heard that the French advanced yety tABt^ 
and were exceedingly strong. We then went on a hill to observe ' 
their approach ; but hardly had they perceived the nuittber of 
officers, but the rascals tired at us width grenades: so we 'were 
obliged U> leave the spot, and I narrowly escaped being killed. 
About tw^ve '0*ck>ck we returned rand the Duke strongly ^62^ 
pressed his wish of having an opportonKy of meeting the Krend^ 
in equal force with his troops. To his great satisfoctioti^ the 
Soyal Scotch, the Hanoverians, and his own corps, arrived be- 
twixt one and two o'clock. Tired and fauagry aa they were, 
they sang as they passed the Duke, abusing and swearing againM 
Buonaparte, wishing that they m^ht soon meet him, and have an 
opportunity of setting the soldiers of the Otande Nation to 
rights. Hardly had we marched half an hour, when we saw the 
French expecting us on a hill. The Duke of Wellington ttien 
ordered to cdlect the troops' as quick as possible, and to pre- 
pare for battle. At two o'clock all was ready, and the attack 
begsm. The battle was very bloody, but we compelled the lEhemy 
to retreat About half-past four the French advanced again, 
and appeared doublei the number of the Allied Army ; but no , 
fear was shown; Ttie cannonade began most horribly, which in 
some respects put the train and baggage in confusion : however; 
the troops stood, and fought like lions ; so the French were again 
obliged to retreat, and were driven back to their position. Here 
they had a great advantage, being covered by a little wood, 
where they had placed all their artillery and riflemen. The 
Duke of Wellington most likely knew this, arid ordered a fresh . 
attack, to get the French 'out of the wood. The troops ad- 
vjoiced, the Brunswick division on the left wing. When they 
came near the wood, the French commenced a horrible fire with 
arjdllery and case-shot, which occasioned a great loss to our 
corps. In this attack, which was about seven o'clock in the 
evening, the Duke Was unfortunately killed on the spot by a 
case-shot.* At this moment I was not far from his Highiless, and 
ordered our small carriage, thitiking that he was oply wounded — 
when, alas ! to my inexpressible sorrow, I found he was dead. ' 
My feelings I cannot describe, but you will bo able to form to 
yourself an idea." 

• Vide Etchiug. 

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94 FUETUBtt FA^RTICDLABS. 



' ' ' Letters written from Fleurtu. — June 17, 1815. 

<« The French armies hftTe again immortalised themsehret on 
the plains of Fleorus. 

*\ We entered Belgium on the Ifith. The finemy was orrer- 
Ikrown in a first affair upon every point where he attempted t» 
resist us. 

** Before Charleroi, several of his squares were broken and 
taken by some squadrons only : one thousand seven hundred pri- 
soners only could be saved out of live or six tiiousand men^-wbo 
composed those squares. Yesterday (the I6th) we encountered 
tile whole of the Enemy's army, in its position near Fleums ; its 
right, composed of English, under the command of WettingtoD, 
was in front of Meller, its centre at St. Amand, and its left at 
Son^ef, a fonmdable position, covered by the little river I^goy.. 

** The Enemy occupied also the little village of ligny, m front 
of tliis river. Our army debouched in the plain, its left under 
Hafsbal Ney, by Gosselies, the centre where die Emperor was, 
by Fleurus, and the right under General Girard, upon Sombre f. 
llie options began at two o'clock upon the left and centre. Both 
sides fought with inconceivable fury^ The villages of St. Amand 
and liigny were taken and re-taken four times. Our soldiers 
have all eovered themselves with glory. At eight o'clock the 
Emperor, with his Vhole guard, had Ligny attacked and carried. 
Our braver fellows advanced at the first discharge upon the prin- 
cipal position of the Enemy. His army was forced in the centrci 
and obliged to retreat in the greatest disorder; Blucher, widi 
the Prussians, upon Namur, and Wellington upon Brussels. 

*' Several pieces of cannon were taken by the Guard, who 
bore down allbefore them. All marched with cries a thousand 
times repeated of * Vive VEmpereur I ' These were also die last 
words of the brave men who fell. I^ever was such enthusiaflni; 
a British division of five or six thousand Scottish was cut to 
pieces ; we have not seen any of them prisoners. * Th^ ififoble 
Lord must be confounded. There were upon the field of battle 
eight Enemies to one Frenchman. Their loss is said t6 be fifty 
thousand men. The cannonade was like that at the battle of 
Moskwa. 

" This morning the (17th) the cavaby of General Fajol is 



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BATTLB OP WAT£;RLOO. 125, 

^one 19 pursuit of the Prussians upon the road to ^amur. It 
is already two leagues and a half in advance ; whole bands of 
prisoners are taken. They do not know what is become of 
their commanders. The rout is complete* on this side, and I 
hope we shall not so soon hear again of the Pnisiiani^ li they 
should eyer be able to rally at all. 

" As for the Englii^, we shall s^e now wli^at wilLbeooni05>f: 
them. The Emperor is here." 

Some private letters from the army give the foUowuig par-« 
ticulars : , 

^ The English are retiring upon Brwiels by the fovwt of 
Spignies; the Prussians are falUmg bao)^ tipon the MeuAe in. 
great disorder. 
.. '* The 17th at 11 p. M. the Eipperor had. bis head-<{ttarte«i MX: 
Planchenoit, a village only five leagues ftom Bruiseb* Ti» ram 
fell in torrents. His Miyiesty was. fatigued* but he was very irtl}# . 

*' Count Lobauy who was niarehing with the 6th corps upon 
Namur, was» with his van-guard, only half a league from the 
town. Five battalions are gone from Lille to escort the prisoners 
t^«n on the Idth and 16th/' 

Telegnq>hic Bulletins^ from Paris, dated the V7tTi, at 2 o'Ciock^ 
and. transmitted to Lille and Bovloghe the \%th^ at 4 (n the 
Morning, 

'^ Qn the 15th the French army forced the Sambre wd iMh 
tered Gharleroi, made 1300 prisoners, took six piecep of .oaiinoQ#. 
and destroyed four Prussian regiments* We have lost very few 
men. 

'^ On the 16th, hia Miyesty the Emperor gained a complete 
victory over the English and Prussians united, oommanded by 
Loifd Wellington and Prince Blucher.'' . 

LeiHt from the Duke of Wellington to Sir Charles FRnf* 

" Would you credit it. Napoleon overthrown by the gallantry 
of a British army ! — ^But I am quite heart4>roken by the loss I 
have sustoined ; my friends, my poor soldiers — hoW many of them 
hav^ I to regret! — I shall follow up this tide of suceess, mid I 
shall not be satisfied even with this victory, if it be not foUowed 
bythe total overthrow of Bupnapartj^." — June 18M. 



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§S FURTHER PARTICULARS. 

PRINCE BLUCHERS LETTERS. 

Tq his Excellency the General Count KcUkreuth, Governor of 
• Berlin. 

Head Quarters at Genappe^ June 19^ 1815, \ past 5 a. m« 
" I hereby acqaaint your Excellency, tiiat in conjnndtion with 
^ English army, under the Duke of Wellington, I obtained 
the completest victory that it is possible to gain, over Napoleon 
Bnonapart^. The battle was fought in the neighbourhood of a 
few insulated houses, lying on the road from this place to Bra»- 
seb, and called La Belle Alliance ; and I think there cannot be 
a better name for tiiis important day. Tlie French army is in a 
state of entire disorganization, and a prodigious quantity of ar- 
tfflery is taken. Time does not allow me to give your Excel- 
lency any further particulars at this moment. I reserve to my- 
self the communication of the details, and beg your Excellency 
to publish this joyful news to the good people of Berlin. 

"BLUCHER." 

To tUe Princess Blucher, written immediately after the Battle. 

" My dear Wife, 
" You well remember what I promised you, and I have kept 
my word. The Enemy's superiority of numbers obliged me to 
give way on the 17th ; but on the 18th, in conjunction with my 
friend Wellington, I put an end at once to Buonapart6's dancing. 
His army is completely routed, and the whole of his artillery, 
baggage, caissons, and equipages, are in my hands; the insig^ 
of all the various orders he had worn, are just brought me, hav- 
ings been found in his carriage, in a casket. 1 had two horses 
killed under me yesterday. It will soon be all over with Buona- 
partfe. ^ "BLUCHER." 

. " P. S. (Written by the Prince's son, on the road to Genappe.) 
Father Blucher embraced Wellington in such a hearty manner, 
that every body who were present, said it was the most affecting 
scene that could be imagined." 

From another official Letter. — Gosselies, June 20. 

" I have recovered from my fall, but I have had agaia a horse 
wounded. I believe now that we shall not so soon have any con- 
siderable battles, perhaps not at all. The victory is the most 



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BATTLB OF WATERLOO, .97. 

Complete that ever was gained* Na{M>leoii esei^ped is tbe mglit» 
withoat either bat or aword. I tend both sword and hat to-dqr 
to the Kiag. His most Hiagnifioeiit] j embroidered state mantlo 
asd his carriage are io my haods» as also his perspectire g^tanv 
with which he observed us during the battle. Hb jewels and aH 
Ua valiiabtes are the booty of onr troops* Of his equipage he 
has nothing left* 

. ** Many a private soldier has got 5 or 080 doUars in booty. 
Buonaparte escaped under fiivour of the night The consa«- 
^en^es of this victory are incalculable, and Napdeon's ruin wQI 
be tho result of It " BLUCHER." 

To Mi^'Generfd Van DcHmckutz, Military Ocvemar of the 
Pruman Pr^mnces on the Rhine. 

'^ Sir, Head Quarters at M^rheM-U' Chateau^ June 21. 

** It is with great pleasure I inform you, that the consequen- 
ces of the victory of the 18th continue to prove more and more 
brilliant. The Enemy's Army is entirely broken up, and has 
. lost, as near as we can calculate, 300 cannon ; not a regiment 
of the Enemy's is together, and subordination has ceased among- 
tfafm. During the battle of the 18th, a French corps had pene- 
trated to Wavre, to operate on our line of communication, and 
hinder us from supporting the Duke of Wellington ; this corps 
of the Enemy's was yesterday forced back, by Lieutenant-Ge- 
neral Von Thielmann, who was opposed to it at Wavre, as far 
as Namur, and Lieutenant-General Thielmann probably occu- 
pied that place yesterday evening. Maubeuge was surrounded 
yesterday^ and Landrecies and Avesnes will be so to-morrow. 

«BLUCHER.'' 

Letter from an Officer of high Rankin the Prussian Army. 
Oenappe sur Oise, near Ouise, June 24, 1815. 

. ^* The army has behaved gloriously. The 8d corps had to co- 
ver our rear^ while we were engaged : it had some severe at* 
' tacks to support, avid fought without interruption on the IBtb, :' 
'«' 19th, and 20tb^; it was at first in a critical situation, but extri- 
7)ate)i itself very well ; if we had lost the battle, this was our only 
dependence. 

^' Never was any battle so fine as ours at La Belle Alliance, 

h 

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98 FURTHER PARTICULARS. 

never battle so decisive, and never was an enemy so completely 
destro yed. With some corps of the army we had got nnper- 
oeived into the rear of the Enemy, who with great superiority of 
nnmbers, and still greater impetaosity, had attacked the Duke of 
Wellington, and kept ourselves concealed in a wood. 

^* Jnst as the fate of the day was dubious, the British Army- 
had lost considerable ground, and the Enemy was ready to str^Le 
another blow against it, we resolved, though our columns were 
for the most part not come up, to make the attack with two bri- 
gades only: w<r therefore burst out of the wood, exactly in the 
rear of the Enemy, and opened our fire. The Enemy was now 
in a desperate situation ; but fought, however, with a desperation 
suitable to it, and turned all his reserve against us. We main- 
tained our position. The Enemy brought up fresh troops against 
XA; but we also became stronger every quarter of an hour: the 
firing became so violent, that the Enemy's cannon-balls flew by 
us without ceasing, not to mention our own fire ; I could scarce- 
ly hear the notices that were brought, and g^ve the necessary 
^-orders; and, though my voice is very powerful, I was obliged to 
exert it to the utmost, in order to be heard. As our troops con- 
tinued to be reinforced, we advanced cautiously, but incessantly z 
it was a grand sight to see our battalions formed into square 
masses, descend from the heights, which rise like terraces, pre- 
ceded by their batteries and sharp-shooters. After an obstinate 
resistance the Enemy's army was broken, and fled in the utmost 
disorder. General Gneisenau, resolved to leave him not a mo- 
ment's repose, put himself at the bead of the troops, encouraged 
the tired men to follow him, and so with only a few cannon, 
which we fired jQrom time to time; we drove him firom all his 
bivouacs, and continually firing and cutting him down, we pur- 
sued till we at last reached the Guards. Buonaparte had in- 
tended to stop at Genappe ; but when he heard our cannon, and 
our cavalry and infantry, though few in number, come up, he es- 
caped from his carriage, defending himself with his pistols. Be- 
sides his hat and sword, his seal-ring was also taken, and now 
blazes on the hand of the hero, Gneisenau. We have got all his 
baggage, even his diamonds. The fusileers sold four or five 
diamonds as large as a pea, or even larger, for a few firanos. We 
have a large quantity of diamonds * of a middle size, and one of 

* The diamoncU, to an immense Amount, were chiefly found in powder- waggons. 



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BATTLE OF WATEBLOO. 99 

the 8126 of a pigeon's egg: the fdsileers have chosen out the finest 
as a present to the King. The subaltern officers of this batta- 
lion dine now upon silver. We did not halt till day-break. It 
was the finest night of my life : the moon beautifully illuminated 
the scene, and the weather was mild. General Gn^isenau had 
again a horse killed by a cannon-ball in the last battle, another 
twice wounded by musket-ballsy his sabre once beat out of the 
scabbard, and once shot to pieces.'' 

Letter from J^usseldorf, — June 28. 

" Buonaparte's costly travelling carriage, which is provided 
with every convenience, and which was taken by the iSth Prus- 
sian regiment of infantry of the line, arrived here yesterday af- 
ternoon. VV hat various thoughts and feelings must the sight of this 
carriage inspire 1 It was naturally an object of general curiosity. 
Upon being examined, it was found to contain several private 
^drawers, filled with various articles of value ; among other things, 
some articles belonging to Buonaparte's toilet ; various articles 
for the table, mostly massy gold : besides this carriage, it seems 
^t seven other state carriages were taken, among which is the 
magnificent state coach, in which he intended to make his entry 
into Brussels, drawn by eight cream-coloured stallions; they 
were taken, besides, eighty Arabian horses, all his baggage, 
dianu)nds^ treasures, &c. &c. 

'* The travelling library taken, consisted of near 800 volumes." 

Narrative of the particular Circumstances under which Major 
Von Keller captured the Carriage, Equipage, and Bag- 
gage Waggon of Napoleon Buonaparte, on the 18<A 
June, 1815, after the Battle q/* Waterloo. 

The fourth corps of the Prussian army, commanded by the 
€reneral of Infantry Count Bulow Von Donnewitz, proceeded 
by forced marches from the environs of Luttwick, and arrived at 
Zabeme at four o'clock in the afternoon of the 18th of June. 
Creneral Von Hilter received orders to form the advanced guard 
with the 16th Brigade ; and Major Von Keller received orders 
to form the head of the advanced guard, with two battalions of 



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100 I^URTHER PABTICITLASS. 

(iisileers, and to proceed to PlancheDoit, in tl>e direction 3ibmg 
the heights ; and to direct his particular care to the left wing. 

The Major, in obedience, executed this order with the utmost 
promptitude, and met the enemy before Pl^nchencrit, whom^ by 
meahs of the Tyrolese, led on by Captain Von Humbcacht,. he 
repulsed. The conflict -soon became general, but the Freocb 
became considerably reinforced at this period* General Vott 
Hiller with the 16th brigade, after having twice attacked Plaoche^ 
noit, at length stormed it with the 16th brigade^ and took it. 

During tiie time of this attack, Miyor Von Keller went round 
the village, Mid by this movement came on the right flank of the 
fljring enemy, and pursued them along the road which leads to 
Charleroi : here he fell in with some other Prussian light lu" 
fimtry, whom he attached to his own corps. 

The General of Infantry, Count Gneisenau, gave perspnal 
orders to Major Von Keller to pursue the flying enemy withput 
intermission. The hero Gneisenau remained constantly at tiie 
head of the pursuers. At eleven o'clock at ni|^ the troops ar- 
rived at the barricadoed town of GenappCr At the entraMe 
of Gepi^pe, Msjor Von Keller met the Iravelliag. carriage <tf 
!Puonapart6 with six horses. The postilion, and the two l^adtrs, 
were killed by the bayonets of the ihsileers. The Miyor then cmt> 
down the coachman, and forced open the doors of the eaifittg^' 
the Major then took possession of the carriage, aii4 afterwards 
brought it to England himself.* All the houses in Q^appe were 
filled with the enemy, and those who were found with anus in .their 
hands, were bayoneted on the spot. After this destruction of tiie 
enemy at Genappe, the pursuit was continued over Milet as far as 
Goslie : and in the former of the two towns, the ftisileer regim^t, 
under Major Von Keller, captured the most valuable baggage of 

* This carriftge, from circamstances, is an object of cariosity ; it was built by 
Symonds at Brussels, according to Baonapart^*s order, for the cuBpmgtt in 
Rassia, in wbieb he traveUed and returned, the body being placed on a sledge : 
it is replete with personal conveniences, and is now exhibiting with the contents, 
identical horses, &c. at the London Museum, Piccadilly, where a sight of it 
cannot fail to interest a reflective mind, and afford a subject of contemplation 
on the reverses of its ambitious m£ster, in so short a thne ; and well has it been 
said, that his fortune and dynasty began to fikde from tiie moment he entered it. ' 

It cannot be omitted in this place, to mention another prond display at the 
Waterloo liluseum, 97, Pall Mall, in the relics of Armour, Standards, Eagles, 
Badges of the Legion of Honour, &c. taken from the Field of Battle* 



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BATTLE OP WATERLOO^ lOi 

the whole French head*quarterS| and took more than three jthon- 
sand prisoners. 

The captured carriage contained a gold and silyer necessaire, 
inelnding above seventy pieces ; a large silver chronometer ; a 
steel bedstead wilh merino mattrasses ; a pahr of pistols ; a greea 
velvet cap ; a pair of spars ; linen, and many other tilings (or 
the convenience of travelling. There were also a diamond head- 
dress, (tiara) ; hat, sword, uniform, and an imperial mantle. The 
booty made, was equally considerable and remarkable ; several 
boxes of mounted and unmounted diamonds, large silver ser- 
vices, with the arms of Napoleon, and gold pieces, with his name 
and portrait, filled the haversacks of the soldiers of that battalion^ 

Head-quarters of the Allied Soveretgns^ 
Saarhruck* July 8rf, 1816. 

** It is seldom that a grand political plan has been executed 
with such an active and successful co-operation of all the parties 
as the present No greater importance was for a moment at- 
tached to Buonaparte's enterprise, than it deserved. The de^ 
claration of the 18th of March and the 12th of May, equally 
jribow the immutable sentiments of the High Allies, and the just 
appreciation of what the Disturber of the peace of the world, 
returned from Elba, could effect It occurred to nobody to be- 
UeviD any lasting effects of his appearance. Tlie peace of Europe 
was established; the invasion of Buonaparte was rather a 
breaking of the peace in tiie light of an offence against the 
police, than a political breach of the repose of Europe : the ^rst 
great occasion, on which all the European States had to show 
that they formed one and the same re-united whole. Too weak 
to destroy a work which rested on such firm foundations ; the 
Bnemy was powerful enough to cause to the world incalculable, 
though transitory evils. It was, therefore, to be proved by the 
energy of the great penal measures against the last attempt to 
involve Europe in flames by unworthy means, whether the union 
of its Princes would be durable, whetiier amidst the difficult ne^ 
gociations concerning the meum and tuam^ and the paiticular 
pretensions of each individual, the great public spirit of th^ 
years 1813 and 1814 had really maintained itself upimpaired. 
^ This JUetter it tttribated to Oentz, 



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10£ FURTHER PARTICULARS. 

*' Every possible doubt of this nature is for ever and irrevo- 
cably silenced by the events themselves. 

" The political and military tactics of Napoleon were well 
known: to divide iu order to command, /}o/i7ica//y by separate ne« 
gociations^ militarily by partial attacks on his adversaries, exe- 
cuted with an immense display of force : to divide and cut them: 
off from each other, was more especially the line be had to fol- 
low in this new enterprise ; as be could depend on finding in his 
own p^rty the unity of guilt and desperation, and as the union 
of the Princes opposed to him seemed, from the diversity of tii^ 
several interests, to become more intricate and artificial with tho 
accession of every new member. 

" His political attacks were directed, as had been foreseen, 
first against Austria; in such (v critical situation as his was, no- 
thing short of the defection of so great a power as Austria could 
throw a weight into his scale. He has brought into play the 
most sacred private feelings, which, in the great mind of him 
who was to be gained by them, had been long since repressed 
within their due limits; he gave clearly to understand the im- 
mense present advantages which a union with, him would have 
placed in the hands of the House of Austria. Al! was in vain : pos- 
terity will judge wl^ether Austria has worthily terminated a twenty- 
years struggle, whether the ancient pillars of her throne, justice 
and an innate conscientiousness in her policy, have been Torgotten 
by her, at a moment when an indubitable preponderance (the 
highest aim of short-sighted cabinets) was offered to her; poste- 
rity will only doubt whether Austria has shown more magnanimity 
in prosperity or adversity. 

" In a military point of view, it was with certainty to be fore- 
seen that he would make a concentrated attack upon one of the 
wings of the great theatre of war, which extended from the Apen- 
nines and the Alps along the Khine ; Italy and tbv ^ietherlandi 
were the first and most natural, objects of his operations. Now 
by a rare union of political and military activity, tlie first of these 
objects, Italy, was wrenched from his hands ; so that the Alp«, 
whose summits, supported by his only Ally, he fancied he conld 
threaten, became his most vulnerable frontier, is evident to the 
whole world. 

** The more diflicult it was for him to separate himself from 
Paris, as it was decided that be must renounce Italy for ever. 

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BATTLE Of WATEBLOO. lOS 

and that be could find only in France a place for hia usurped 
tbrone, the more unalterably was the plan of operations pre- 
scribed to him» which he had to adopts and by which he was to 
meet his ruin. It was necessary that the Power which the most 
nearly threatened Paris, should be firsts if not annihilatedi at 
least shaken. 

** According to the first plan of the Allies, three armies were 
to penetrate into France at once, independent of each other, 
but tending to a common centre. That of the Upper Bhine 
under Field-Marshal Prince Schwartzenberg, that of the Lower 
Bhine under Field-Marshal Prince Blucher, and that of the Ne- 
therlands under Field-Marshal the Duke of Wellington. Tlie 
Bossian armies, which according to the usual calculations, could 
not come up till a later period, were to form the Beserve, as the 
Austrian army in Italy was to come to support the South of 
France, ioimediately after the completion of the conquest of 

Italy. 

" The turn that affairs took in Italy, induced the great Bri- 
tish Conmiander, strenuously to urge the ilnion of the two armies 
of the Lower Bhine and the Netherlands. With what recipro- 
cal regard this union, this belle cUUance, was accomplished, nei- 
dier of the two Commanders becoming subordinate to the other, 
and how just was the military conception in which this union 
originated, has been proved by the most brilliant result: the he- 
roism and the energy of th/e execution, were no more than Eu* 
rope justly expected from the two Generals and their armies. 

" But that the Lower Bhine could be uncovered, without 
causing a break in the whole undertaking, and that the ur- 
gent representations of the Duke of Wellington could be at^ 
tended to, for this, Europe is indebted to the unparalleled exer- 
tions of the Prussian Government, which had assembled upon 
the Bhine, before the end of June, a force that, according to the 
most favourable calculations, would have achieved the utmost 
that could be ei^pected, had it arrived by the same time upon 
the Elbe ; ^q that it was able immediately to enter into the great 
line, and to fill up the interval between the army of the Upper 
Bhine, aud that of the Netherlands. 

** Tbus, by a perfectly united exertion of all the great Powers 
of Europe, was Buons^art6 defeated, both in the cabinet and 
the field. The remembrance of this great moment, so truly glo- 



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104 FVaXHER PARTICULARS, 

liMf £or aQ tib9 leading Sovereigns, will never be exIingusbedU 
P^^tarity, iu complete possession of all tke details of tliese eventop 
will acknowledge how much it owes, in particular, to his Ifa- 
jfsfy the Emperor of Austria." From tke Austrian Oheerver, 

Restitution of Works of Art carried off by the French. 

Aix-la-ChapeUe, Jufy^lM. 

*' By an official latter from tiie Counsellor of State, M* Bib- 
' bmtropy Intendant-General of the army of the Lower Bhins, 
dated Paris, July 15, I have received information, that his Exjafil-> 
Ifiiiey Field-Marshal Prince Blucher of WaUstadt, immediately 
after the taking of Paris, ordered that all the works of art and 
literature which are there, and which had beep previously carried 
off by the French from the States of his Prussian Miij^ty, shosM 
be seized and restored to the places from which they were takM. 
For the execution of this order, a special Committee has heM 
appointed at Paris, under the direction of an Intendant-General» 
^ and at the same time a line of conveyances from Paris to tiM 
Biiine. The first convoy left Paris on the 16th; among tbe arti* 
cles which it brings, is the invaluable picture of St. Peter, whicli 
Bubens presented to Cologne, his native city, and which the attr 
dacious hands of our enemies ravished firom the sacred and claaae 
soil. Orders have also been given, that the beautiful columns of 
granite and porphyry, carried off by the same sacrilegious hands 
from the sanctuary of our Cathedral at Aix-la-Chapelle, and 
placed afterwards to support the arched roof of the Hall of Anti- 
quities at Paris, shall be pulled down, and brought back to , Aix* 
la-Chapelle. I had particularly requested our illustrious Field- 
Marshal, immediately upon the taking of Paris, to cause tlwse 
two articles to be restored ; be has immediately complied with 
this desire, and has thus acquired a particular right to the gnv- 
titude of the cities of Cologne and Aix-la-Chapelle. You see^ 
Prussians of the Bhine, that the State of which you are the youn* 
geat children, has not forgotten to seise the first opportunity to 
make you participate in the fruits of its victories. Your citiea 
will celebrate witii grateful joy, the day on which the property 
plundered from your, ancestors, re-taken from a rapacious enemy, 
by the powerful hand of your King and his warriors, shall ro* 
«nter your walls, etc. (Signed) SACK, 

President of the Prussian Provinces of the Bhine. 



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BATTLE OF WATERLOO. )O0 

The Duke vf Wettiujfion to Lord QutJireaffk. 

Paris, Sept. 23d, 1815. 

' ^ IWre hoM b^en a good cletl of discussion lately, respeoting 
tka measoTM which I have been under the necessity of adopting* 
fci Older to getfinr the King of the Netherlands^ bis pictures, &c« 
firom tile Museum; and lest tiiese reports should reach the 
Prince Begent, I wish to trouble your Ldrdship with the follow- 
ing atoteoMnt of what has passed, for his Royal fiighness's infor- 



^ Shorttf after tin arrival of the Sovereigns at Paris, the Mi- 
nister of the King of the Netherlands claimed the pictures, 8cc. 
belonging to his Sorereign, equally with those of other powers; 
for, as I learn, he never could get any satisfieu^tory reply from the 
French Crovemment. After several conversations with me, he 
addressed to your Lordship an oflScial note, which was laid before 
die Ministers of the Allied Sovereigns assembled in conference ; 
and the subject was taken into consideration, repeatedly, with a 
view to discover a mode of doing justice to the claimants of the 
specimens of the arts in the Museum, without iiguring the feehligs 
of tiie King of France. 

'' In the mean time the Prussians had obtained from his Ma« 
jesty, not <Hily all the pictures really Prussian, but those belong- 
ing to the Prussian Territories on the left of the Rhine, and the 
pictures, dec. belonging to all the Allies of his Prussian Miy e^y : 
and the subject pressed for an early decision, when your Lord^ 
ship wrote your note of tiie ron which it was fully discussed* 

*' The Ministers of the King of the Netherlands, still having 
no satisfactory answer from the French Government, applied t6 
me as the Commander-in-Chief of the army of the King of the 
Netherlands, to know whether I had any objection to employ his 
Mi(|esty's troops to obtain possession of what was his undoubted 
property? I- referred this application again to the Ministers of 
the Allied Courts, and no objection having been stated, I consi- 
dered it my dut^ to take the necessary measures to obtain what 
was his right 

^ I accordingly spoke to the Prince de Talleyrand upon the 
salgeet, explained to him what had passed in conference, and 
tiie^ grounds I had for tinnking tiiat the King of the Netherlahds 

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106 FURTHER PARTICULARfl. 

had a right to the pictares^ and begged him to state the ease to 
the King, and to ask his Majestj to do me the faroar to point 
ont the mode of effecting the object of the King of the Nether- 
lands, which should be the least offensive to his Majesty. Tlie 
Prince de Talleyrand promised me an answer the following even- 
ing, which not having received, I called upon him at mgbii, and 
had another discussion with htm on the .subject; in which he 
informed me, that the King conld give no orders npon it, that I 
might act as I thought proper, and that I might communicate 
with M» Denon. I sent my Aide-de-Camp, Col. Fremantle, to 
M» Denon in the morning, who informed him that he had bo 
orders to give any pictures out of the gallery, and that he could 
give none without the use of force. 

'^ I then sent Colonel Fremantle, to the Prince de Talleyrand, 
to inform him of this answer, and to acquaint him that the troops 
would go the next morning, at 12 o'clock, to take possession of 
the King of the Netherlands' pictures, and to point out, if any 
disturbance resulted from this measure, the King's Ministers, 
aad not I, were responsible* Colonel Fremantle also informed 
M. Denon, that the same measure would be adopted. 

*^ It was not necessary, however, to send the troops, as a 
Prussian guard had always remained in possession of the gallery, 
and the pictures were taken without the necessity of calling for 
those of the army under my command, excepting as a woriung 
party to assist in taking them down and packing them. 

^' It has been stated, that in being the instrument in removing 
ike pictures belonging to the King of the Netherlands from the 
gaUery of the Thuilleries, I had been guilty of a breach of a 
treaty, which I had myself made ; and as there b no mention of 
.the Museum in the Treaty of the 25th of March, and it now 
appears, that the Treaty meant, is the Military Convention of 
Paris, it is necessary I should show how that Convention affects 
the Museum. 

^ It is not now necessary to discuss the question, whether die 
Allies were or not at war with Prance : there is no doubt what- 
ever, that their armies entered Paris under a MiUtary Conven- 
tion, concluded with an olBScer of the Government; the Prefect 
of the Department, as an army officer, being the representative 
^ each of the authorities existing at Paris at the moment, and 
autfaoriased by thos^ authorities to treat and conclude for them, 



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BATTLX or WATERLOO. 107 

^ l%e trticle of the Convention which it is ^opposed has been 
hffdcen, is the llth, which relates to public property. I posi- 
tively deny that this article refers at ail to the Museum» or Gal* 
lery of Pictures. 

** The French Commissioners, in the original projet, proposed 
an article to provide for the security of this description of pro- 
perty; Prince Blucher would not consent; as he said there were 
pictures in the gallery, which had been taken from Prussia, 
which his Majesty Louis the 18th had promised to restore, but 
which had never been restored. I stated this circumsiance to the 
French Commissioners ; and they then offered to adopt the article, 
with an exception of the Prussian pictures. To this offer I an* 
swered, that I stood there as the Ally of all the natioLS in Eu- 
rope; and any thing that was granted to Prussia, I must claim 
for other nations. 1 added, that I bad no instructions regarding 
Jhe Museum, or any grounds on which to form a judgmeut how 
the Sovereigns would act ; that they certainly would insist upon 
the King's performing his engagement, and that I recoqimended 
that the article should be omitted altogether, and the question 
should be reserved for the decision of the Sovereigns, wh^n they 
should arrive. 

** Thus, the question regarding the Museum stands, and the 
Treaty or Convention of 'Paris is silent upon it: but there wa3 
H communication upon the subject, which reserved it for the 
decision of the Sovereigns. 

• ** Supposing the silence of the treaty of Paris of May 1814, 
regarding the Museum, gave the French Government an undis- 
puted claim to its contents upon all future occasions ; it will not 
be found that this claim was broken by this transaction. Thus I 
acted for the French Government at the time I considereil that 
the successful army had a right, and would touch the contents of 
the Museum ; and they made an attempt to save them by an article 
in the Military Convention. This article was rejected, and the 
claim of the Allies to their pictures was broadly advanced by the. 
negotiators on their part, and this was stated as the ground for 
rejecting the article. !Not only then the Military Convention did 
not itseli* guarantee the possession ; but the transaction above 
recited, tended to weaken the claim of possession by the French 
government, >rhicb is founded upon the silence of the Treaty of 
Paris of .May 1814. 



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108 ^.VBTHBR PARTICUI«AEI. 

'^ Tbe Allies^ haring the ooBteats of the Maseum juiti j in 
Ikeir power> cannot do otherwise Ihan restore them to the comi^ 
tries from wfaich^ contrary to the practice of civilised warfare, 
they had been torn during the .disastrous periods of the Frencl^ 
Bevohition^ and the tyranny of Baon«part6. 

** T^e QOfidact of tiie Allies regardmg the Museum, at tbe 
period of tbe treaty of Paris, might be fairiy attributed to their 
4eiire to conciliate tiie French army, and to consolidate the re- 
oonciUation with £ur<^e, which the army at that period mani- 
fested a disposition to efiTect. 

" But the circumstances are now entirely different : the army 
disi^pointed the reasonable expectations of the world, and seised 
Ibe earliest opportunity of rebelling against their Sovereign ; 
and of giving their services to the common £|iemy of aaankted, 
with a view to the revival of the disastrous period which had 
passed, and of the scenes of plunder which the work) had made 
•ach gigantic efforts to get rid of^ 

*' The army having been defeated by the armies of Europe ; 
they have been disbanded by the united councils of the Sever 
reigns^ and no reason3 c^n exist why the Powers of Ejirop^ 
should not do justice to their own subjects, from any view tl^ 
conciliate that army again ; neither has it once appeared to me 
to be necessary that the Allied Sovereigns should omit this opr 
portnnity to do justice, and to gratify their own subjeotB^ in ofdef 
to gratify the people of Prance^ 

** The feeling of the people of France upon this subject, must 
be founded on national vanity only. It must be a desire to retaiti 
these specimens of the arts, nqt because Paris is the fittest depor 
sitory for them, (as on that subject, artists, connoisseurs, and 
all who have written upon it, ^dmit that the whole ought to be 
removed to their ancient seats,) and because they were obtained 
by military success, of which they are the trophies. 

«< The same feeling which induces the people of France to 
wish to retain the pictures and statues pf other nati6ns, would 
naturally induce other nations to wish^ npw that success^ is on 
tiieir side, that the property should be returned to its rightful 
owneirs, and the Alhed Sovereigns must feel a desire to gratify 
tfaem. 

** It is besides on many accounts desirable, as well for their 
own happiness as that of the world, that the people of France^ 



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BATTLB OF WATERLOO. 10& 

if tkey do not already see that Europe is too strong for tiiem. 
should be made sensible of it ; and that, whateror may be the 
extent, at any time, of their momentary and partial success again&i 
any one, or any number of the individual Powers in Europe, 
that the day <^ retribution must come. Not only then would it, 
in my opinion^ be unjust in the Sovereigns to gratify the peopl* 
of France on the subject, at the expense of their own people ; 
but the sacrifice tibey would make, would be impolitic, aa it 
would deprive them of the opportunity of giving the people of 
France a great moral lesson* 

*♦ I am, &c. 
Paris, Sept. 23, 1815. " WELLINGTON." 

ParU, Oct. 19, 1815. 
« Sir, 
"As my conduct has been publicly animadverted upon, for 
not having allowed the property plundered from Prussia by a 
banditti to remain in the Museum of the Louvre ; I have only to 
remajsk, that ably supported by the Illustrious Wellington, I 
pursued the thieves, who had despoiled many of the Nations of 
Europe of their inestimable Monuments of the Fine Arts ; I 
attacked and dispersed them, and restored to my coimtry the 
plunder they had unjustly taken, spuming the idea of negotiating 
with the French Conmiissioners on the sul:gect : and they maji 
now thank Providence, for our not following their base example." 

" BLUCHEto." 
To General Count Miiafiin, Ctovemor of Paris. 

'* His Royal Highness the Prince of Orange,* hurried by^ 
ardour into the midst of the battle, was surrounded and taken 
by the French. The seventh battalion perceived the Prince'9 
danger, hastened to his assistance, and succeeded in delivering 
bim; his Royal Highness took off the insignia of his order, and 
threw it into the midst of the battalion, exclaiming : ** Children, 
you hare dl deserved itT — ^It was fastened to their colours oa 

^ An eye-witness, who was trmTelling on the JPrencb frontierB, January 16th, 
personally witnessed the actiyeezertions of the Prince of Orange, in collect- 
ing the forces, and giving notice to the distant corps of the commencement of 
hostaitiesi and from H. R. H. in person^ at Brassels, the Duke of WeUiogton 
tax leanM that bosdlities had commenced. EdUor. 



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110 AN£CD0TE8. 

the field of battle, amid cries of ** Long live the Heredi^uy 
Prince !" All the Belgians swore to defend, even to death, this 
mark of honour : and at this sablimc moment, many of these 
brave men lell, whilst pronouncing this patriotic oath. 

*' Towards the close of the day, when he saw the lines were 
bending, he was at the head of his people, cheering and exciting^ 
them> amidst the hottest fire, when bis Royal Highness received 
amnsket-ball in his left arm, which lodged in his shoulder. (Vide 
Dutch Account,) 

''Brussels, July 26. — The French cannon brought from 
La Belle Alliance, are placed here upon the Esplanade, without 
the gate Ihi Rwage, till they shall be embarked for England. 
They are 87 in number, as well cannon as howitzers. Some 
have the cyphers of " Louis XIV.*' others have the words " Li- 
berty, Equality,*' and the greater number the cypher of Napoleon ; 
fifty others are expected in a short time. We have received 
firom the head-quarters of Prince Augustus of Prussia, an ac- 
count of the surrender of Landrecies, to the arms of his august 
Sovereign. The capitulation in nine articles was annexed to the 
dispatch. The place is given up to the Prussian troops ; the gar- 
rison to march out with the honours of war, and repair either to 
the French army, or disperse and go home. They kept two 
cannon, drawn by four horses. The French troops lay down 
their arms on the glacis, except fifty men per battalion, and the 
company of Veterans, whom his Royal Highness permits to re- 
tain their arms, on account of the honourable, brave, and dis- 
tinguished conduct of the garrison. The officers keep their 
swords ; the subalterns and members of the Legion of Honour, 
their side-arms, and all their private property. The property of 
the inhabitants to be respected, and no one to. be molested for 
his political opinions, or for his conduct previous to the cajiitu- 
lation." 

A foreign regiment (Cumberland Hussars), extremely well 
horsed and appointed, and soldier-like in appearance, were or- 
dered by the Commander-in-Chief of the cavalry, to place them- 
selves under line, on the brow of a hill; and, from being raw sol- 
diers, he would not put them to any difficult service, but gave the 
conditional orders, that if the charge he was about to make with 
an English brigade succeeded, they were then to ride in and cut 
away :— for the performance of tbis^ the most earnest entreaty was 



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BATTLE OP WATBBLOO. Ill 

smde, and the strongest promise given, that every attention 
should be paid to the direction— the charge was madci and com* 
pletely succeeded, and the Enemy in the greatest confusion* II19 
noble Earl then looked round for his g^lant supporters — but they 
hod turned their horses' h^ads, and were trotting away towards 
Brusseb ; an Aide-de-Camp was immediately dispatched, and, 
notwithstanding every possible remonstrance, and even con- 
temptuous language, addressed to the Colonel, to stop them was 
impossible ; and it was then begged as a favour, and entreated 
of them, not to go further than Waterloo — it was all useless, to 
Brussels he would go, and to Brussels he went.* This, altfaouf^ 
a great disappointment, was attended with such outr6 (and it 
may be said comic) effect, that every one who noticed it, notwith- 
standing their serious occupation, were convulsed with exces- 
sive laughter, and among them the noble Duke himself. The 
men, however^ to do them credit, it is understood, have brought 
their Colonel to an account. 

The gaOant Duke of Brunswick met his fate in a farm-yard, 
which he had just entered, when the Enem/s light troops, who 
were stationed about the out-houses, fired, and brought down 
this hero with ten others. 

A letter from a lafe-guardsman, speaking of the havock made 
among the Cuirassiers of the Imperial Guard at the Battle of 
Waterloo, contains the following homely, but emphatical de- 
scription : — ^' Until we came up with our heavy horses, and oor 
superior weight of metal, nothing was done with the Cuirassiers ; 
unless one got now and then a cut at their fkces, not one of them 
gave way ; we therefore galloped at them, and fairly rode them 
down ; when they were unhorsed, we cracked them like lobsters 
in their sheHs, and by the coming up of the cannon afterwards, 
thousands of them were squeezed as flat as pancakes" 

A Life-guardsman, who, from being bald, was known among 
his comrades by the appellation of the Marquis of Granby, had 
his horse shot under him ; in the charge his helmet fell off, and on 
foot he attacked, and had a contest with a Cuirassier, whom he 
killed, mounted his horse, his comrades in the meanwhile chew- 
ing him with — " Well done. Marquis of Granby." 

One man of the Scots Greys, from Ayrshire, has eighteeA 

* ThU event contribated much to the paolc at this place. Vide CircunsttmtUl 
BetailSj Page 9. 



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Hi ANECDOTES. 

ftwdrd Old sabre wdnncb, the greater mmber of wMch wet^ kH 
flieted 1)y those savages after he was on the gromid^ dmnoimted* 
His name is Laurie, and a few days previous to Ae battle^ he 
had aecounts of his father's death, by which this gaHant pritale 
soldier became possessed of £12000. He says, that he sated 
his tife in the end only by calling out in French, as the Enemy 
were charging over him — ** Oh I mom Dieu! man JDieu! Mst 
mmisi mes amis!'' by which contrivance he was taken for one eC 
their own men. 

'< The Irish howl set up by Ifae Inniskilling, and other 
Irish regiments, is reported to have carried almost as much 
dismay into the ranks of the Enemy, as their swords. The ttubr 
bom bravery and conduct of these regim^its contributed mwA 
to the success of the day, it having be^i their lot to find them' 
selves in the hottest part of the action, innumerable opportunilie»' 
were afforded them of showing their devotion to their couitr/s 
. honour, and exalted sense of gallantry and duty." An officer o£ 
the LmtskiUing Dragoons says, " Our brigade charged, upset, 
an^ completely destroyed three large columns of infantry ; at 
least 9000. The dd Inniskillings behaved most gallantly, they 
went into the field 1050, after the action they mustered aba«t 
100; some, however, were sent to escort prisoners/' 

** A Decree of his Migesty of the 29th of September, annegea 
to the title of Prince of Waterloo, a dotation producing an 
amual revenue of 20,000 Dutch florins, to be possessed irrevo* 
eaUy and for ever by the Prince of Waterloo and his legitimata 
descendants. The preamble of this decree is'in the following 
terms : — ' Desiring to give to the Duke of Wellington, Prince of 
Waterloo, a pledge of the national gratitude, for the spleiidid 
services which he did our kingdom on the ever-memorable daya 
of the 16th, 17th, and 18th of June last, when, with the aid of 
Divine Providence, he so powerfully contributed, by the wisdom 
of his dispositions, and by his calm and intrepid courage^ te ve- 
pulse the common Enemy, and to consolidate this infant kingdom.' 

*' The second article indicates the lands of which the said do- 
'tation is composed, which consist of the three portions of do^ 
manial woods situated between Nivelles and Quatre Bras, and 
containing altogether about 1083 hectres, or 1270 acres. 

" By the third article the property of the said woods shall be 
conferred on the Prince of Waterloo, free from all enrolment. 



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BATTLE OF WATERLOO. 113 

tinder the obligation of sabmitting to the regulationg which his Ma* 
jesty may make in^e sequel, concerning the enrohnent of dotation." 

A Prussian hussar made a capture at the Battle of Waterloo 
of five thousand napoleons, which he has sent to his family, by 
the Intendant-General and Counsellor of State, Ribbentrop : a 
soldier of Landwehr also obtained possession of 500 napoleons. 
. Nov. 24. — Prince Blucher on his way to the Prussian domi- 
mons gave occasion to several fetes. In passing through Belgium, 
he desired to see i^^, at ligny, the place where, thrown from 
his horse, he lay upon the ground during the pursuit and hasty 
return of a part of the French army. After remaining there 
some time conversing with his aide-de-camp, he generously re- 
compensed a miller who hcui assisted him in his critical situation. 

The miller at Idgny, recompensed by Prince Blucher on his 
retom from France, addressed the following letter to the editor 
of the BruBMls Orach: — 

^' Prince Blucher, on his return, called at my house with his 
aides-de-camp ; his modesty concealed his illustrious name, and 
I did not recollect him. He asked me many questions con- 
cerning my losses, and my melancholy situation. Alas ! it was 
easy, for me to answer that I had saved nothing, either in my 
house, or on the lands which I farm, and that the war had re- 
duced my family to misery, so that I could not pay my contribu- 
tions. He asked me the amount of them, I told him 80 francs, 
which he immediately gave me. He departed; and when he got 
to Namur, he sent me four pieces of 40 francs each, and one of 
20 frwics. ' It was frotn Uiis messenger, that I learnt the name of 
this great Prince; his generosity honours him ; his modesty en- 
nobles him ; and my heart thanks him. '' P. M. CARPENE.'' 

Five hundred cart-loads of wounded entered Paris, June 28d. 

A private of the 27th, wounded very severely, was carried off 
the field of battle by his wife, then far advanced in pregnancy ; she 
too was severely wounded by a shell, and both of them lay along 
while in one of the Hospitals at Antwerp in a hopeless state. The 
poor man has lost both his arms, the woman extremely laine, and 
giving birth to a daughter, to which the Duke of York, it is said, 
has stood god&ther, by the name of FredericaM'Mullen Waterloo. 

The Rector of Framlingham, in Suffolk, soon after the battle, 
wrote to the Duke of Wellington, stating, that in his opinion, 
the Non-commissioned Officers of the British army had, by their 



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114 ANECDOTEC;* 

Valoroas oimdoot on that day entitled themselres fo sdme.dit^ 
tinct marks of tli«ir country's approbation, and tbereforc bo felt 
disposed^ for one, to ofibr his humble tribute to their laerit. In 
order that Ihis might be properly applied^ he recpsested tha 
&TOttr of int Grace to point oat to him die non*cominissimied offi" 
oer whose heroic condnot^ from the representatioos which ham 
Grace had received^ appeared the most prominoU^ to whvm he^ 
the Rector, meant to convey, in perpetoity, a freehold finmv 
value \0L per annum. The Duke set tiie inquiry immediately 
on foot, through all the commanding Officers of the Line, and,, 
m consequence, learnt that a serjeant of the Coldstream, and a 
oorporal of the 1st regiment of Guards, had so distiagnishad 
themselvei, that it was felt dificult to point oat the most m or ila . 
rious ; but that there had been displayed by the sei;|east an ex- 
ploit arising out of fraternal affection, which he felt it a datj on 
this occasion to represent, viz. — ^That near the close, of the 
dreadful conflict, dds distinguished Se^eant ia^atiendy so- 
liiated the Officer • commanding his company, for pemussion 
to retire from the ranks (ot a few minutes; the latter ex^^ 
pressed some surprise at this request, the other saidt ** Touf 
honour need not doubt of my immediate return." Permission 
being given him, he flew to an adjoining bam, to which the 
fdiemy in their retreat had set fire, and from tfaeatce bore on Ua 
shouldet^ his wounded brother, who he knew lay helpless in the 
midst of the flames. Having deposited him safely Jbr the ntOi^ 
ment, under a hedge, he returned to his post in time to share in 
the victorious .pursuit of the routed Enemy ; we need scarcely 
add, that the superior merit of this gallant non-commissioned 
Officer was thus establi^ed. 

About two years since, Buonapcurt^ gave an Italian nobleman 
a list of his intended exploits : the first was the subjugation of 
all the northern powers ; the invasion of Britain was to lollow ;. 
his intention was then to bring under his power tbe.-dominiona 
of the Grand Siguier ; after which he wotdd proceed to the con* 
quest of Africa, and at last of the Chinese empire. He had alreac^ 
employed an architect to draw the plans of two* new cities,, one to 
be built in. Asia, the other in Africa, and both to be called iVqwfeon* , 

A very sensible writer has remarked, who was in the field of 
Waterloo, just after the battle, how much the varied character of 
the man was distinguished by their amusements; that on tfife 



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BATTLE OP WATi&RLOO. ll^ 

part of tlw FreQeh playing oard8> the most trifling ktteri!, verges; 
&e. fcc. with bookfi of the worst tendency^ Bttt hot so with tb^ 
Englbhywho^e pockets were ransacked, or with th^ Itanuverrahs t 
with the latter, it was observable the quantity of books of d^to- 
tioB in German that were found. A correspondent/ fonnd in ttie 
fieU an unfinished letter of an English Soldier to a female friend, 
dated 17th June, in -which he gives her an account of the battib 
of the 16th, and that he had escaped, evidently leaving it open tb 
send whtti the day was over. The direction bein^ writtefl, it whi 
taken up and forwarded, with a note in eicptunatioti of its being fbtih^. 
Thursday, Jaasnary 18, 1816, b(^ing tbe^4>p^ted day fot ft 
General Thanksgiving, on the re-establishment bf ^eace- M 
EvTope, the day ^as selected in tiondon tbr the ceremony of 
lodging the Eagles tdien frotti the Enemy at the Biltlle of Wa- 
terloo^ in the Chapel Royal, WbitehWl. The ceremony w^ 
ooiidacted with perfect order ; and associated as it waid with th6 
duties of rdigious worship, the memory of Ibe contest in which 
the iTopfaies were woo, and the sight of the ht^r6 veterisms who 
had survived its carnage, the influence it produced was not of an 
ordinary nature. A brigade of the Guards formed ou the pa^ 
rade> in St James's Park, at "nine o'clock, of which one cotii- 
puny, oonristing of a captain, three subalterns, two Serjeants, mA 
eighty-four privates, all of whom were at Waterloo, Were djH 
pointed an escort to the Eagles, and took post opposite to Mel- 
bourn House. A detachment of the Royal Artillery was also on 
the ground, and two bsmds attended in their state clothing. 
Soon after ton the Duke of York proceeded to the parade, and 
a very large assemblage of Officers, decorated with the ^vefal 
insignia they had been invested with. The usud duty of the 
day proceeded, and after the trooping of the colours had tuken 
place> the detachment that had been selected was escorted to the 
Tilt-yard by tiie two bands, and received the Eagles ; the de-- 
tlu:hment then presented arms, the bands playing the " Grena- 
diers' March/' and proceeded round the square in ordinary 
time. — The Eagles appeared somewhat of a larger site tflatt 
those captured in the Peninsula ; they were richly gilt, and bore 
the number of the battalions to which they were attached. The 
silk colours appended to them were about the size of' our 
cavalry standards, and splendidly embroidered wilii a profusion of 
gold fringe, and a number of inserted bees, stars, &c. But the 



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1)6 Anecdotes. 

most interesting part of die ornaments was the laurel ^r^otir 
enclosing in letters of gold the inscriptions emblematic of Frencb 
renown — AuiUrtitz, EnUmff^ Eylau, Jena, and Friedland^ 
These names, still memorable, once to ns the snbjedts of moom- 
ful reflection, now seemed to mock the ambition they formeriy 
flattered* They gave to conquerors an impressiTc lefoon on Ihte 
inconstancy of Fortone, when the register of the successes of 
those who triumphed at Austerlitz, Jena, and Friedland, served- 
to signalise their defeat, dbplayed as the prize of the heroes of 
Waterloo. The trophies were carried by seijeants of the first 
and third regiments, and, on reaching the colours of the grena- 
dier regiment, were lowered to the ground, while the fomiei' 
with *' Lincelles, Corunna^ Barossa, and Waterioo,'* emblaaoned 
in gold, majestically waved } and the troops, with the spectators^ 
instantaneously gave three loud huzzas, with the most enthusi- 
astic feeling. The detachment still continued to proceed with 
the trophies, and on reaching the centre of the parade, being 
the Horse Guards, wheeled on their right, and marched to 
WMtehall Chisel. The Serjeants with the Eagles entered the 
body of the Chapel as soon as the first lesson was read by Archdea- 
con Owen, the Chaplain General. Their Royal Highnesses die 
Dukes of York and Gloucester were in the Royal pew, and the 
Chapel was extremely crowded* The escort entered by the two 
doors, in equal divisions, the band playing, and marching up to 
the steps of the Communion table, when they filed off to the 
right- and left. As soon as the band had ceased, the two- Ser- 
jeants bearing the Eagles approached the altar, and fixed upon 
k their consecrated banners. After the Litany a voluntary was 
played, and at the conclusion of the Communion Service, which 
was read by. the Chaplains of die Chapel, the Rev. Mr. Jones^ 
and the Rev. Mr. Hewlett, the 100th Psalm was sung by the 
whole congregation. After the customary blessing, the band 
played " God save the King/' the whole congregation standing* 
The ceremony was witnessed by a great multitude of people, 
among whom was a considerable number of persons of distinc- 
tion and fashion. 

A fMariety tf mm and auikentkated AneedctM, kavktg bum mott obUg^^fy emmmmmlemttd 
to the EdUor, he intends to reassume them in ike Second Voltime, in onUr to sccommodate tU 
1>urch«oerM of the enrly editiont of thi* voUme mUh the memne qfgfitktg thtir books mmpim e, 
which reason, it is hoped, wiU be received as satitfaetor$ as U regards the arrangement in the 
Additimai Particuiars, which miU also befntnd in th$ Stemd rohme. 



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RELATION 

FIDilLE £T D^TAILLEE 

PE LA D£RNI£;R£ CAMPAGNE 
BE BUONAPARTEy 

TBRVINEB FAR 

L4 BATAILLE DE MONT SAINT^EAN, 

DITE DE WATERLOO, 

OU DE LA BELLE-ALUANCE, 
Pmr un ThtMn oculaire. 

BXYDB BT COBBIOEB. 

PARIS, J. G. DENTU, IMPRIMEUR-LIBRAmE, 

RUE DU PONT DE LODI, No. 5, PRES LE P0NT-:NEUP, 1815. 



A faithful and detailed Relation, of the final Campaign of 
Buonaparte, terminated by the Battle of Mount St. John, 
otherwise called of Waterloo, or of 1a Belle Alliance, hy 
AN Eyb-Witnbs8, 

f%M wM quod vidi rcfenre. 

Hie landing of Baonapart6 at Cannes, operated as a thTUider- 
bolt npon every honest and truly patriotic Frenchman; upon all, 
in a word, who sincerely wished the repose and welfare of their 
country. In fact, they could expect from this event nothing but 
disastrous results^ already announced by a civil war which i^* 
peared inevitable^ 

Nevertheless, by a concurrence of circumstances as extraor* 
dinary as unforeseen, the imminent danger towards which we 
were precipitated, was for a while lulled. Who could credit 
it! — this man, pursued by the general hatred of a nation, oa 
which he had drawn evory scourge, found in its bosom a mass of 
people disposed to assist his most culpable projects. 

The whole army scandalously broke their oltths of allegiance 
to the best of Kings, even turned their arms against him, and 
forced him ere long to abandon his Capital. The well-disposed 
part of the kingdom had the mortification of seeing Buonaparte 
arrive even at Paris, and arrive too in some degree triumphantly. 



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118 FRENCH EY^S-WITNESS S DETAIL 

No sooner did he re-appear, Aan h^ employed every means to 
deceive those people whom he had already pressed under his iron 
yoke, for the purpose of extorting from them yet greater sacri- 
fices, and plunging them into an abyss of misery from which they 
could only rise with himself. 

Meanwhile, through his myrmidopg, he oaosed the most inju- 
rious and absurd reports to be circulated against the King, while 
he kept in alarm the holders of national lands ; ^d, to attach to 
his cause a numerous class of citizens he had so long oppressed, 
affected to follow their principles. He proclaimed with loud 
efirontery, that he was in perfect understanding with Austria, of 
which the speedy arrival of Maria Louisa would furnish the hap- 
piest proof. 

Shaken by such positive assurances, France resigned herself, 
for some time, tp the flattering hope of avoiding that war she 
had herself declared against all £urope, by once more receivimg, 
and in despite of treaties, the man she bad^for ever proscribed. 
Even those thinking Frenchmen whose ideas had not l^en mis- 
led either by self-interest or false notions of independence, still 
sought to create to themselves illusion, and wished to believe 
Buonaparte incapable of such atrocious deceit. Restrained by 
an ignorant and enthusiastic multitude, they could only offer 
their silent vows for the sidvation of their country. 

Tins, by perfidious insinuations, by lies artfUUy fabricated 
^d more impudently supported, Buonaparte succeeded in re- 
storing to France the confidence he stood in need of, to en^^e 
her in the contest he was preparing. Thus, to Hie eternal shame 
of the nation, the constant Disturber of its repose, the Pevas^ 
tator of Europe, the Monster to whom France owes all its mis* 
fortunes, at the moment when he resigned the people to a hdtait of. 
new enemies his very name had roused to vengeance^ even at 
that moment be was in some measure hailed as their Deliverer. 

He declares his wish for, peace I He invokes the treaty of 
Paris — not to legitimate his rights to supreme power, which were 
already sufficiently consecrated by his bayonets — but he calls ai^ 
assembly of the people, *of whom he exacts no other sendees, 
nor imposes other obligations, than to pi'oclaim the war he brings, 
a national one. Thirsting for vengeance, and a slave ^ the 
same ainbition by which he had already fallen, be dreamy but of 
victory and conquests ; and if he succeeds so far as to persua4o 



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X>r THE BATTLE OF WATEBLOO. 119 

ilie nation he still respects her,' he only manoeuvres to render her 
tki^ inttmment of his vmd prefects. Impatient to figure once 
more on the horrid scene of battle, anticipating the moment 
wben» restored to pover^ he may command even over death 
itself, he urges wUli inoredible activity the formatiion of his armies. 
. At every quarter troops were end)odied, prganized^ and dis*- 
palcfaed to tke frontiers. . In a few days, France is Ijransfonned 
into a vast camp. While a first and nnmerons army moves tor 
wards Belgium, other? are collected in Alsace, in Lorraine, 
Fnttehe^Comtg, at the foot of the Alps, and under the Pyre«- 
nean nuHuatains. 

The Powers ef Europe Imew too well the dtarapter of thb 
perfidions man« to deliberate one moment en the part th^ had 
to tal^e. Dedarattons issued from the Congress of Vienna^ to 
annonfic6 tfamr determination. The iatercourse from Franee 
was most carefully interpeptfid, while innumerable armies w^e 
apf>roachipg itB frontierf , 

' There was nothing U^ be huxp^d firom tha mediation of Ausr 
tria ; and all EuropA roae up to hurl from his throne, a second 
tune; die ^an whom rebellion and peijnry had juat placed doiare, 
^and wkQ 4ared again brieve it by tiireats of fieah aggression to 
force its acknowledgment of him. 

Duriikg thec^ movements, the Deputies Af the Departments as^ 
sembled pU: Paris^ to assist at the Champ de Mm,* where the vain 
and aheord formality of exanmung the votes on ins Additional 
Act of the CoBstjytntioas of the Empire, was to he performed, 
l^ere,, among a great number of upright and learned men, 
wer» fonnd mapy names the Revoiuticn had stamped with an in- 
famous celebrity ; and a crowd of military men without resonr oes> 
and mcapahle of c^thmr pohtical views, than an exclusive puf^tt- 
deiAnce founded oa their sabres. Into such hands were committed 
the destinies of France ; and the Acte 4^ddiiwnBl9 that audacious 
system of daspetism, was ratified by men who, with the words 
x^f fnaedom in Aetr months, were on^ the interpreters of their 
Maaler's will. Hie uncUgested opinions of a few thovsand indi^ 
tidnals from that dass of peepie, the least quahfied to beinveated 
«nth 4elihefative powier,, and tiie greatest proportion from an ig- 
norant, undisceming soldiery, was impudently adnpted as the 

» The Fijeld of ]^y, CFi<^ Porii^na^orcisXftt &t^i9 t&w ^orfe ^ (A<MMe 
PublisherO 



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120 FRENCH EYE'WITNESS's DETAIL 

expression of the national will. France, oompretsed by terror, 
and treated by its own army as a conqaered coontry, was coair 
polled to receive those laws which consecrated its servitude. 

Meanwhile the French armies concentrated on the frontiers ; 
tiiat of the North, the most numeroos of them all, occnpied at the 
beginning of Jane extensive cantonments ./Mr 6ck$hn$ in the de- 
partments of the North and the Aisne. Its head-quarters were 
at Laon. It occnpied Valenciennes and Maubenge. Its right 
communicated with the army of the Moselle, and its left waa 
covered by Lisle. Chiefly composed of old soldiers, the estha* 
siastic spirit of this army was intense in favour of Buonaparte. 
This army lived on the best possible terms with the people 
about the Aisne, who, beholding in this war a nati(»al one, 
sought only to preserve their country from fresh invasions, and 
set themselves witfi avidity to the construction of such fortificm* 
tions as were conceived necessary for their defence. 

The National Guards were armed at a moment; and the 
whole populace testified their intention of rising in mass <» the 
approach of the enemy. The same spirit vras manifested in all 
those departments of France, which had been invaded in 1814, 
with the exception of that of the North, who openly avowed c<m- 
trary sentiments, and did not dissemble their dislike to the pre- 
sence of these troops. Hiey could not draw from thence a 
single military resource, and tfie National Guards peremptorily 
refused to march. The army counted on the effective co-opera- 
tion, at the moment of hostilities, of all the inhabitants generaUy; 
and the latter, persuaded that the Allies had only been able to 
enter France through a succession of treasons, had an entire 
confidence in the Army. The latter, therefore, awaited in self- 
security the commencement of the campaign; but, impatient 
for battle, vented dieir spleen against the tardiness of the Allies. 

Such was the state of affiurs, when diey learned that the 
Ghiards, who had quitted Paris after the Champ de Mai, were 
directed by forced marches on Laon ; that Buonaparte followed 
them 9ome days after, and had suddenly appeared on the fron- 
tiers. He arrived, in fact, as soon as they at Vervins, where 
he put himself at the head of the army, which drew round him 
from all its quarters. 

It is still to be asked by what enchantment Buonaparte suc- 
ceeded in so fascinating'tiie eyes of an immense population, and 



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OF THB BATTLE OF WATERLOO. Idl 

of an army, that the one saw without fear, all tfie calamities of 
war burst on them, and the oth^ aodacioasly braved all the 
Powers of Europe leagued against them. Certain it is, however, 
that he was received every where with loud and unanimous 
shouts of acclamation. 

It did not generally appear, he had any idea of attacking ; but 
rather that he had drawn thitiler his troops to form a line of 
defence. He however showed in his movements his usual 
activity, and lost no opportunity of presenting hnnself before his 
soldiers. 

On arriving fit Beaumont, the Army of die North joined that 
.of the Ardennes, under the conunand of Vandamme, and esta- 
blished its head-quarters at Fumay. That of the Moselle, under 
General Gerard, departed by forced marches for Metz. The 
army of the North thus was composed of five bodies of in- 
fantry, commanded by Lieutenant-Generals d'Erlon, Reitte, 
Vandamme, G^erard, and Count de Lobau. The cavalry, under 
Grouchy, was formed into four divisions under the orders of Gre- 
nerals PiyoU Excelmans, Milhaud, and Kellerman. 

The Imperial Guard of 20,000 men, formed the kernel of 
this splendid army, which was strengthened by a body of artillery 
well discipUned, provided with an excellent train, and pontoon 
ocnrps. Besides the batteries attached to each division, each 
oorps had its park of reserve. The Guard, particularly, had a 
magnificent train of artillery, almost wholly composed of pieces 
new cast. The whole might be estimated at 160,000 efiective 
men, of whom 20,000 were cavabry ; and 300 pieces of cannon. 

Still, in the very bosom of their own country, those troops 
failed in that discipline which forms the strength of armies. 
Without feeling for their unfortunate compatriots, who showed 
every degree of seal in furnishing them subsistence, the French 
soldiers treated them with the utmost cruelty ; and, conceiving 
they had an unquestionable right to plunder, abandoned them* 
selves to every species of excess. 

In every place they ransacked the houses, broke open cofiers, 
ill-treated the peasants, and took every thing at discretion. 
^ There is war,'' said they, ** it caimdt be carried on without us, 
and therefore we have free play." And, pursuant to this kind 
of reasoning, they gave entire scope to that thirst for plunder, 
improved by ten years warfare, and outrage only to be pa- 

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JQC fUENCH BYE-W1TNE?S'S DETA^U 

iralMe^ by the extermiMtiiig inomiuims of tbe barbarniw of old* 
Bovinj^ firom hoiue to house» firom granary to granary » from 
ooUar to eeliar* they did not return till loaded with spoil, after 
destroying ev^7 tbiog they left behind. Too happy that eot- 
tager who, accused but of having too weU concealed hjfk c9Bh, 
escaped their vengeance by leaving his all to desimotion. 

DreadM to be credited 1 their officers, for the most part, to^ 
l^rated these infamous proceedings. *^ Why," said they witk a 
sortof fkatiBfoction, ^ is there not a naganne? the soldiery muat 
live." And the soldiers not only lived; but the officer, it will 
b^ belie ved« lived in abundaftpe, and did n^t inach trouble bim- 
9df upon whfom* l^ this the loya), disinterested, graerons, and 
delicate character that distinguished the FroQck officer 1 Ho, 
iarely ! But ^ther tijnea> other maminrs ; and it was reserved to 
the officers of BiioBapiMrt6 feo exhibit to history, a ipkysiognemy 
jiOYel and strange. 

I>oubtless there were many men of honnnr mA morality 
attached to tbi« army,- who lamented such disorders, and served 
with regret amidst these rebelUous troops, whose atn>cities enr 
lanced their crime ; but, hurried on by the force of dr(»m- 
statices* they sougbt apology for the violation of their oaths, i^ 
^ ne^ to prevent at all evwts the invasion c£ their native 
frontiers. Moreover, it was impossible to restrain these ex:^ 
«e«0es ; the soldiers could no longer be controlled ; and the supe- 
rior officers were aware that such devastations had been con- 
stantly practised by the troops under Bupnapar^'s inune<tiate 
command ; and that it was one of his most powerful enginea to 
MimMate their devotion and stimulate their courage. 

The country was covered with rich crops, that promised the 
most abundant of harvests ; but ill betide the lands timt lay in 
their way ; still more unhappy the neighbourhood of the camps. 
It seemed as though, Vy a deteminate mptive of studied destruo* 
tion, they sought out for that puipose the richest fields. In an 
instant all dis^peared under the scythe and sword, to be made 
forage for the cavalry, and thatch for tike eapteens. 

The interior administration of the army was deranged by acts 
of equal anarcby. An implacable hatred seraied to animate the 
different corpe agaifist each other, and displayed itself in acts 
of open hostility. No mutnal confidence, no fintttemity ef arms^ 
no interchange of generous fisel^nge ; -pride, selfishness, and thsrat 

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OF THE BATTLE OF WATERLOO, 1£S 

of pyey, retgn^d throughdut. Ofteo, when the commaiidaiit of 
a division^ or regiment, arrived at the spot it was destined to 
occupy, be seized every thing without consideratioa for those 
who were to follow. Guards were placed in every house thai 
presented any resource, and by the mere right of pre-ocenpa- 
tion opposed aH division of the spoil. The sentries were often 
attacked, and real warfare ensued. Many were thus wounded, 
and not a few killed on the spot. 

The Imperial Guard, as being the immediate Janissaries of 
the Despot, comported itself with extreme arrogance towards 
the other troops, and was detested throughout ; while repulsive 
and disdainful towards the other corps within its contact, it was 
not less tormented by them, whenever its numbers were too few 
to dictate the law. The different denominations of oavabry, net 
only were at open war among themselves, but insulted the foot 
by every means and on every occasion, and the infantry in turB 
threatened them with its bayonets. 

Actuated by such a spirit, the troops approached the firoii- 
tiers i^s the defenders of the State ! Their marches were rapjid 
endlong, and the weather, though stormy, tolerably fine; nor 
were the roads so cut up as to retard the artillery, or camp eqm* 
pages. Their movements, therefore, almost partook of preoipi- 
tatioB. It was evidently the intentiop to surprise the Enemy by 
a sudden approach ; alid these forced marches gave rise to the 
reports of a sudden irruption into Belgium. On the 14th, this 
whole army bad joined and fofued im line on the extreme 
frontiers. 

It was then that the uncertainty in which they had remained 
respecting tliese^ manoeuvres was done away, by a proeltmation, . 
which was read at the head of every division : — 

"Soldiers! 

*' Thw day is the anniversary of Marengo and of Friedland, which twice 
decided ^ hie of Eorftpe. Then, as af^r the battles of Austeriite and Wag- 
ram, we were too generous. We trusted to the oaths and protestations of Pri i m , 
whom we left upon their thrones. Now, however, coalesced among themselves, 
they conspire against our independence, and th^ most sacred rights of France. 
They have begun the most unjust of aggressions ; are not they and we the same 
menstiU? 

^ Soldiers ! At Jena, agamst ttme same I^nssiaiM aow so arrogant, yoa ware 
as one to three, and at Montmirail, one to «ix ! 

** Let those among you that have been, prisoners in England, detcril>t their 
jmiiooM (the prison ships), and teH the miseries they there endured. 



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124 FRENCH CTE*WITNE68'S DETAIL 

<< Tlie Sigu>ii8y the BelgiaDf, HttOTeriam, aoldiert of the Shine^ all gr^Mn at 
beiog compelled to lend their anas to Princes, enemiet of j«t(ice and the nghta 
of natioDs. They know the Coalition i$ insatiable. After having devoured twelve 
millions of Poles, twelve millions of Italians, a million of Saxons, six millions of 
Belgians, it seeks to devour the whole second order of States in Germany. 

« A moment of prosperity hat blinded these senseless Priaees. The eppres- 
sion and humiliation of France are beyond their power. If they ester France, 
they will there find a grave. 

^ Soldiers ? We have forced marches to make, battles to offer, perils to en- 
counter ; bnt with constancy, victory will remain ours. The rights, the honour, 
and the weal of France, shall be re^oaqpcred. 

** To every Frenchman who has a (leart, the hour is come to conquer-or dieJ' 

It is scarcely necessary to say, that this proclamation was 
received witti transports of joy and loud acclamations by a mul-. 
titude of ignorant soldiers, to whom a few high-sounding words 
they do not comprehend, seem the very acme of eloquence. 

Nor need we mention that ridiculously pompous proclamation. 
It wears the same stamp with all his other productions, and only 
differs from them in* greater extravagance and absurdity. Who- 
ever weighed the incoherent declamation of that vain-glorious 
prophet, looked on it with pity. Meanwhile it augmented the 
public inquietude by laying open the whole extent of the dan- 
gers Buonaparte meant to brave. 

The chiefs, however, were enraptured with the precision of 
their routes, and recognized, they said, the priesence of the 
grecrt man in those scientific combinations, by which all the 
masses of the army, after encumbering each other^s march, 
seemed all at once to rise from the ground, and find themselves 
ranged in line by the effect of magic. So great is the power of 
prepossession. 

The Iftth, at break of day, this army broke up for the Belgic 
territory. The 2d division attacked the Prussian outposts, and 
pursued them with vigour as far as Marchienne-au-Pont ; the 
cavalry of this body had to charge several corps of infantry dif- 
ferent times, which they drove back, took some hundreds of 
prisoners, and the Prussians hastened to recross the Sambre. 

The light cayalry of the centric followed the 2d division on the 
road to Charleroi, and, brushing away in different charges such 
of the Enemy as they met^ drove the whole to the other side. 
While numerous sharp-shooters defended the approach to the 
bridge, the Prussians were employed in rendering it impassable, 
in order to retard our marcbf and afford them time to evacuate 



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OF THS BATTLE OF WAT£ELOO* 125 

tfa^ city ; bat being too closely pushed, they were not able to 
destroy it efieotoally, and our men soon removed all difficulties 
to their passage oyer it. Aboat noon their work was finished^ 
and the Ught cavabry took possession of Charleroi^ . 

On the other hand, the 2d body, which had. effected its march 
to Marcfaienne, advanced on Gosselies, a latge town situated on 
the road to Brussels, with the intention of intercepting at that 
quarter, the troops driven out of Charleroi* The Prussians, sur- 
prised at so sudden an attack, and pursued by the light troops, 
retired in great disorder to Fleurus, where their main body was 
concentrated. They were attacked several times by our ad- 
vanced guard, who afforded them no time to take any positions. 
The presence of Buonaparte so electrified the French troops, 
there was no possibflity of restraining them. They rushed on 
the Enemy without firing a shot ; charging them so furiously with 
the bayonet, that nothing could resist their shock. 

The squadrons during duty under Buonapart6 charged the in- 
iantry several times, and it was in one of those charges that 
General Letort, Colonel of the Dragoons of the Guard, received 
a mortal wound. 

llie French, in a word, after the most obstmate and sanguinary 
encounters, carried all the positions opposed by the Enemy to their 
advance ; towards night they ceased the pursuit ; and Buonaparte, 
leaving the 3d corps on the road to Namur, and the 2d at Gosselies 
on that to Brussels, returned with his head-quarters to Charleroi. 

The result of these engagements was, a thousand prisoners, 
the passage of the Sambre, and the possession of Charleroi ; but 
the principal advantage derived from it was, to sustain the confi- 
dence of the army by gaining an early success ; and, according 
to Buonaparte's general method of acting, every thing was put 
in effort to make the most of it. The prisoners were divided 
into parties, and passed before the troops in the rear. The sol- 
diers cried out — " Long live the Emperor !" — It was what was 
expected, and the aim was answered. 

The whole French army encamped on the Belgic territories, 
surrounded by the new subjects of the kingdom of the Low 
Countries, who hailed us as their liberators ! Yet some of the 
villagers, who drew near at the cry of ** Long live the Em- 
peror,'' did not appear very enthusiastic in the cause. Tliey 
received us rather as conquerors, whose good-will it was requi- 



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1(26 FRENCH EY£-WITNI8S'S BITAIX. 

site ta oonoiiiate, and tkeir acclamatioiiB ^ndeBdy expreMed--^ 
** We ar^ willing to become FrenofameD, if yonr bayonets oatry 
lair wUhibem; but in mercy do not pillage us^ do not lay waste 
our landsy treat as as your countrymen." These supplications' 
were unheeded ; though our soldiers pke^ ualanked cmtfidence 
in their amicable demonstraltons^ they conducted themselves 
towards them as avowed enemies. Phuder and deirastatiota 
marked their way ; and wherever they pttehed at night, that 
place was a desert in the morning I 

No sooner had our troops taken a moaientary position near 
some village, than they spread like a torrent through the unferts^ 
nate habitations; liquors, provisions, moveables, linen, clothes^ 
every thing disappeared in an insti^t. Each village, where we 
bad encamped, was left next day a heap of ruins, or rather of 
rubbish, scattered with the broken Ifragments of household fumi^^ 
ture. Its environs, generally covered with rich crops, appeared 
destroyed by some dreadful hailnitonn ; while the places where 
our bivoua(51s had lighted up their watdi-Jres, black and scat- 
tered, seemed to point out the spots where the thunderbolts htui 
fallen. 

. Hie instant we quitted, the inhabitants, plunged in silent de- 
spair, rushed from their hiding-places in half-ndied swarms, to 
seorch for the dispersed relics of their furniture or utensils, and 
collected what could be found.* 

It appeared from information obtained, that the Prussian ad^ 
vanced posts, although on their guard, had been surprised ; and, 
&r flrom expecting so serious and. lively an attack, the Allies 

* Oa^ wc, as siany weU-intenttoned persons pretesd, to shun cK^orare^ 
tinder the pretext that it U needfol to spare the hoDour of France, and ji4t j«»- 
tify the future reprisals of hostile armies on its territory? Should we with 
this intent refuse to trace the picture of excesses committed by our troops, and 
stifle the reproach due to their misdeeds? Did we eyen suppress the meiMoit 
•f such deplorable acts of revotting Vandalisn, they would not he the less iKito<» 
nous ; and our silence might draw down on France, the injurious surmise tha^ 
she owns and approves them. We ought not then to hesitate in denouncing them 
before the face of day, as atrocious abuses of force and con6dence, which she 
most formally disavows, and so by holding them up to public indignation, dcf 
away the stols that otherwise wonld faU on herself. Thus wiU a three-fold dfat^ 
he performed, to effiiee national dishonour, to convey shame to the breasts of 
the culpable, and to testify the horror which all must feel for the deeds of violence, 
that invariably call down on their perpetrators, scorn aifd hatred impli^ble, 
and the whole weight of k terrible, though haply a protracted vedgeance. ■ * 



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OP tHE BATTLE OF WATERLOO. liL7 

ymre preparuig to enter in a few days upon the French territory* 
The ittlntbitmts, too, were astonished at our appearance, when 
thay thonyht us anlionsly employed in seouring our own fron^ 
tiers. They gave a very bad account of the ndsconduct and 
•xaotiom of the Prussians. 

Eaoh ona speculated for himself on the probable result of the 
caMpaign^ acaording td his information. The Enemy's ^my 
not bting collected^ was not prepared to concentrate itself. If 
ptirstted with Tiracity^ the diffsrent corps would be separately 
tamed on all points, and would make little de^ce« W^ngton 
was not prapared ; discontented liy so unexpected a movement^ 
Us whole plan was frustrated, since he had kmt the initiativet 
and could not resume his ground. In short their confidence in 
BnoiHtpart6 knew no boands ; his combinaticms, as sure in their 
rasuhs, as admirable in their conception, were ei^Mr to annihi- 
lata the EagKsh, or drive them to their ships. A speedy arrival 
on the iUnne was to tdke place amidst the universal acclamation 
^ the iidMd>itants of Belgium, risen in mass for their deliverance, 
and tile whole rushing with transport into the ranks of their old 
cempanions in arms. 

The 16th, at 3 A. m., the columns which remained on the right 
bank of the Sambre, pat themselves in march and passed the 
river^ when the whole army advanced forward. 

The command of the left wing, consisting of the 1st and 
2d divisions of infantry, and four corps of cavalry, was given to 
Ney* who arrived the evening before at bead-qu^ters, and re 
eeived orders^ march by Grosselies and Frasnes on the road to 
Bhisseb. 

The centre, composed of the dd, 4tb, and Gth divisions, tlie 
reserve, and a aumeroas body of cavalry, forming the mass of 
the army^ dkected itself upon Fleurus, Marshal Groucbyi with 
the cavaby of Pajol, and some battaUons of foot, manoeuvred 
towards the village of Sombref on the Nanmr road. 

In foraEMg out of Fleurus, they presently descried the Prus- 
sian army ; the chief masses uf which appeared in close columns^ 
crowning the upland levels that surround the mill of Bussi, and 
stretebfa»g m ampUtheatre through the whole length of a slopUig 
bill> in iVimt of which was a deep ravine, tufted with tfasdcets, 
titat extended in front of tiie entire \mt. Its right rested on the 
tillage of St Amand, its centra at I/igny, and its left stretched 



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128 FRENCH £Y£-WlTN£SS'fl DETAIL 

beyond the reach of sight towards Sombref^ Gembloax, and tbe 
road to Namar. All these viliages, which are large and boilt 
on uneven and broken groond, are in front of the ravine, and 
were lined with infantry. 

Having reconnoitred them, Baonapart6 took his measures for 
the attack. The 1st corps, forming part of the left, were placed 
with the divisions of heavy cavalry behind the village of Fras*es 
on the right, and near the Brussels road^ in order to direct itself 
on such points where its presence should be necessary. The 3d 
advanced in columns of attack on St Amand, the 4tli on ligny, 
supported by the Guard; the 6th corps, and a numerous reserve 
of cavalry, under Marshal Grouchy, with the right divisioos 
marched on Sombref. 

The 3d corps began the attack on the village of St. Amand» 
and, after meeting a very obstinate resistance, carried it by the 
bayonet, but was driven out agaia after being in possession of a 
part of it. The 4tb corps threw itself, in its turn, upon ligny ; 
and the two wings successively became engaged, the left at 
Frasnes, and the right at Sombref. In a few moments the afimir 
was general, and a heavy cannonade, which perpetually.increased, 
was heard along the whole line. 

The combat was maintained on both sides with equsd obstinaey ; 
each soldier seemed to meet his adversary with personal rancour, 
and each had resolved, it is evident, to give no quarter. The 
, villages which were the scenes of action, were taken and re- 
taken over and over, with dreadfol carnage ; and a defem^e ijiade 
by the Prussians in the church of St Amand, rendered the result 
of the day so dubious, that Buonaparte sent, with great haste, 
the 1st division to save that point. 

By this movement, the left, which had obtained considerable 
advantage over the English line, and driven it from the heigbta 
of Frasnes, back to the farm of Quatre-bras, and taken position . 
there, became materially weakened ; and the total loss of the 
battle was risked through the imprudence of Buonapart6 in not 
advising Marshal Ney, that he had drawn off a part of his 
forces. 

The 1st corps had parted about an hour to make towards St* 
Amand, when the English army, strengthened with nuraeroua 
reinforcements under the Prince of Orange, resumed the offen- 
sive, and vigorously repulsed our light troops, and the columna 

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OF THE BATTLE OF WATERLOO. 129 

they preceded. Their cavalry were ranged upon the high road 
to Brussels, while the infantry occupied the entire skirts of an 
extensive wood, which stretched along the left of that road. 
From the whole outline of this forest, ran a hollow way, resem- 
bling a ravine. In front of the road, were fields of rye of consi- 
derable extent The French line were in possession of the right 
aide of the road to a certain height. 

All on a sudden, the fields were covered wifli numerous batta< 
liODS> in solid columns, supported by a fonnidable cavalry, which 
boldly advancing, threatened to break our line. Our troops 
appeared intimidated^ and feU back in a kind of panic. The 
monMot was urgent, and it was necessary to bring up at the ini- 
stant our reserve. Marshal Ney, httle darmed by ttiis circttm^ 
stance, as he relied on the arrival of the 1st corps, seAi ofders 
for them to charge the Enemy. But what was his surprise aBd 
embarrassment, on learning that Buonaparte bad disposed of 
them elsewhere ! 

He immediately ordered the 8th, and Ilth Cuirassiers, who 
were at hand, to charge the first battalions. The charge was 
made with the greatest bravery; but these battalions, covered 
by a wood filled with infantry, opened conjointly so terrible a 
fire, that the Cuirassiers, unable to penetrate further, were com* 
polled to make a short turn and retreat in disorder. It was in 
tbia charge, which, however unfortunate, was executed with 
daring valour, that a cuirassier of the 11th regiment took a stan- 
dard from an English regiment. 

This repulse, with the crowds of wounded soldiery and cuiras- 
siers who fell back, or were conveyed to the rear of the army, 
spread dismay. Equipages, hospitalrwaggons, cantineers, ser- 
vants, the swarm of non-combatants that follow an army, and 
who, according to the orders given, all made a precipitate escape, 
drawing with them every thing they met in the way along Ae 
road to Charleroi; wMeh was presently choaked. The rout 
was complete, and ipread with rapidity. Etery one fled in con- 
fbsion, crying, '* The Enemy, the Enemy ! " 

The evil, however, was reparable. The Cuirassiers of Ge- 
neral Roussel advanced at full trot towards the English, but had 
not occasion to charge. Our infantry fell back in good and 
ckne order, opposing a vigorous resistance, and checked the 
Enemy. Led off at length to the heights of Frtwnes, it (brmed 

k 



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ISO FHENCH ETErWlTNESS's 9ETA1|« 

again, but had little fiirAer share in the affiur pf the day. In a 
short time, order was restored in the rear, and the fugitives batte4 
the moment they were assured of not being pursued* 

Meanwhile the 1st ooips, detached from the leil wing, had re- 
imiined useleas ; and when it came up, the 3d had taken the ;n)- 
lagte of St. Amand. It was ordered, therefore, to return to ila 
former position; thus marching and countermarching, it wa|i 
not brought into action on any one point 

Hie fire still continued very briskly along the line, particnlaily 
ti> wards ligny, the pointx>f the greatest strength, and of come 
most difBcted Against. The cannonading did pot cease an iastast ; 
jumI, by what we could judge, our artillery did considerable mi»r 
ohi^ among the great bpdy of Prussian troops that were poitedl 
in mass on the heights and slopes, which formed an opepampU? 
H»»atr» to us. Our troops^ afanost hid behind the uneven gronnds, 
were less exposed to the Enemy's artillery ; who» however wm- 
successAil, did not rehix their fire. 

Towards seven P. M. we wet^ masteirs of the villages» bntthe 
Prussians still kept their positions behind the ravine ; at this m^ 
iOMit it was that Buonaparte, who from thp ceoimenoeineiithad 
panceuvred so as at a proper time to have the poirer of trana- 
porting a great force bey.Mid the ravine, directed hia gnard^and 
tyke whole of his reserve on thp village of figny. lUs bel4 
moveijftmit, the execution of which what had passed on the Jail 
wing had retarded, was intended to cut off firom the main bedj 
the right of the Prussian army behind St. Amend, and intefleept 
their retreat upon Namur. Instantiy the Guards, supported 
fny a strong cavalry and powerful artillery, pressed forward tp 
the ravine, which they cleared amidst a ^ower of balb, and 
the combat became dreadful. But notbii^ could withstand ihe 
iaqpetuottty of the' French Grenadiers, who cul their way .wiOi 
tho most horrible carnage, our cavalry charging at the same time 
on every side. At length, after the most obstinate d^noe, the 
Prussians were driven back, and left us masters of the ficdd at 
battle, covered with dead, the dying, the wounded, some, priso- 
ners, and a few field-pieces. The Guards immediately possessed 
themselves of the slopes and iqphmds which were evacuated, and 
oujr cavah7 pursued the fngitifee. ^ 

Daring this decisive operation at ligny, the 8d oorps were 
endi^ovonring to employ the PrussiaB rigiit wing, in ordsar to 



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OF THB BATTLB OF WATBRLOO* ISl 

idiTert tbdr BttoBtion from what had passed. But tiiey jrwdily 
MfW through our design, and made good their retreat to Gem- 
bloux and Namur. 

The French army prepared to push their success ; but the ap*> 
proach of night, and the fatigues of the day, prevented it They 
contented them^lves with taking possession of all the Prussian 
posts, and at ten o'clock the fire had oeased along tbewlioleUne^ 
Various eztravagant reporiM circulated in our army reispectUig 
tUs- battle* Marshal Blucher had, in fact, a horse killed under 
Um ; he was stunned by the fall, and surrounded by ^jrefiob 
Cuirassiers ; it was to the darkness of the night (done be owed 
Us safety. But notwithstanding the Prussians must have se*' 
▼evoly suffered, their loss was neyer known, nor eyer attionded 
to in our Orders. 

On ^kB left, where the J^lish were epgaged, both parties 
pMutlained their ground mid th^ positions^ 

The death of the . Duke of Brunswick was wnounped, ^utfed 
^rmn the fire of the division commanded by Jerome Buoniq[iart& ; 
and ako tte de^th of General Hill. Tbe fitpi iotelligen<De was 
prafifmed the following day, and urged onjt FrQpcb Otdneml^ to 
interweaye, jbr ^e purpose of currying fayow with the Bx^King 
0f Wes^dmba, sowe unbecwiing pleas^tri^* en Ae fetality 
l|Mt aeemed to pursue tbe unfortnnatii Puke, who, pieced in 
constant opposition with the conqueror of his States, was con- 
dawned ta die by his hand. And the latter, they argued betce, 
WW egain called to be his sucp^essor. It wa3 added, that JeiHwe 
hmssalf had beeo struck by e q>eut bidlet^ W^i; ^ not st^p 
to examine the truth of a fact of so trivial importance ; but it is 
to be observed, this sort of shots never reach any but great perr 
seaages, whose valour it is interesting t9 euhance. 

But every one agreed, that Buonaparte ha^ obtained bis ^nd 
m aepanttiBg the Prussians and the English, andtfiat, having so. 
BMieh weakened the former, he had iio:w only the latter to en- 
coimter. 

It was to realize the hope of exterm^iating the EngUsh, that 
on die 17th, at day*break, Buonsq[iart6 leaving behind him the 
9d and 4th corps, together with the cavalry of General P^ol, 
iinder command of Marshal Grouohy, to wat^h the Prussians, 
majnched with his reserve, andtiie 6th corps, towards QuatrelMras. 

Hie English a(q>eared to occupy the same positions as on the 

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132 FRENCH eye-witness's DETAIL 

day preceding ; and the French armj remained till 11 o'clock 
A. M. observing them, and waiting for the troops on the right, 
whose arrival was delayed by heavy rains and cross-roads almost 
impracticable. 

Arrangeneients were made for Ae attack, and the united corps 
advanced in front of battle, along the heights of Frasnes, when 
it was perceived that the English had manoeuvred so as to mask 
their retreat. The troops we saw on the plain, at the entrance 
of the wood, and on the road, were only a strong rear-gaard 
to cover the same. Baonapart^ set oat in pursuit of them 
with his cavalry, and all the army urged its march to Brussels. 

The ardour of the soldiers during this rapid pursuit was in^ 
credible. In the dexterous and admirably executed retreat of 
the English, they chose only to see their total defeat, ike aban- 
donment of Brussels, and their refuge on board their ships. 

We again crossed the plains of Quatrebras, strewed with 
dead, among whom were vast numbers of wounded Frenchmen, 
who had not been removed. We had time to ascertain how 
murderous the afikir had been on both sides ; but, from dl ap- 
pearance, tbe English loss was Hie greatest. The plains which 
lay between the road and the wood, where they were in position, 
but particularly the skirt of tlie wood, and the hollow way bdiind 
it, was buried beneath hills of slain, of whom the g^atest por- 
tion were Scotchmen. 

Their costume, composed of a kind of folded jacket, of brown 
stuff checquered witii blue stripes, which not descending so lew 
as the knees, leaves the leg nearly bare, singularly attracted the 
attention of our French soldiery, who gave them the appeHation 
of Sans-cuhttes. 

Buonaparte, with his advance, followed the English till night, 
and only stopped at the entrance of the forest of Soignies, when he 
met a degree of resistance not to be surmounted on that day. 
After having cannonaded them as long as the Hght permitted, 
he took up his head-quarters at the farm of Caillou, near Plan- 
chenoit. The different corps of this army encamped at 6e-* 
nappe and its neighbourhood. 

The night was dreadibl, the wind blew a tempest, and the 
rain fell in unceasing torrents ; the troops slept on the mud and 
dripping com, and so did the inhabitants of the farms and vil- 
lages round, driven naked from their burning cottages by these 



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OF THE BATTLE OF WATEBLOO, - 133 

more than Tart^an Fretohmen, whom pretended deserters, 
sei^ purposely by the English Staff, Bftade to believe the latter 
were abandoned by the Be^ians, and in full retreat towards their 



UowevM'y at break of day, bow great was their astonishment 
to find the English had not only nu^nlained their, eyening po* 
aition, but were prepared to defend' it! Buonaparte, who 
dreaned they had escaped, exclaimed in a transport of joy:/ 
** I have them at last, these English !" 

. With his charaoteristic impatience, and without ascertaining 
whether Grouchy had, or not, succeeded in keeping the Prussiam 
in check ; without inquiring either the force or the position of 
his lAiemy, urged on the columns which were in his rear, and re- 
solved to attack them immediately^ . 

The French anany, prese^dting ai^. effective force of 190,000 
men, was ranged by ten o'clock on .the heights opposite to those 
die English were seen to occupy > in (rent of the forest of Soig- 
nies whkb they held. 

In the centre were: perceived, befaipd the. village of Mount St. 
John, strongy bodies of infantry that coveced a vast plain, in front of 
which redoubts*, were distuietly seen, of differently coloured earth 
newly throMrn op, extending beyond the whole line alongthe skirts 
of the forest, diminishing as they extended, and covered with bat* 
teries. Its right rested on the village of Merke-Braine, having 
• in firont the fiurm of Hougoumont, smrrounded by a wood inter- 
sected with numerous ravines or deep sinuosities : its left stretched 
fiur towards Wtivres, also covered by a ravine, and the farm of 
La Haye Sainte ; it w$s impossible to ascertain its dispositions 
fiurther than Smouhen, where the Brunswick troops were placed, 
and where it was presumed the line terminated. In general, 
except on the great plain, which was considered to be the 
centre of the English army, few troops were to be seen; but was 
it not to be ooi\|ectured, as it was afterwards ascertained during 
the business, that they were concealed in the hollows which 
separated the plains from the forest, and in the forest itself. 
Except on the great plain, few troops appeared in view. The 
head-quarters of Lord Wellington were at Waterloo, in the 
rear of his lines, which it will be seen crossed the two high 
roadsof Brussels and of Nivelles. 

* No redoubts have been heard of. Editor, 

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134 FBKNCa <YtpWfTNKftt'« B£TJklt 

The iDStaoit Hat French tr<H^ were come up^ Boonapftrt^/ 
who had placed himself on a mound ata small distance fhtt tte 
farm where he had «lept» on the rig^ of the road, ordered the 
cannonade to begin. He walked to and fro alone, with f<Med 
arms, a fMt in front of fak Staff. The weatfier was stormy ; 
there fell at intervals some short showers. 

Hiodd corps iras on the left^ and murohed agaiAst the 
of Hoogonmont. The 1st had its left on the road, and \ 
upon the centre of the line. Die dth occapied the right. Hie 
Ghiard was in reserve upon the height The cavttky waa distii^ 
boted upon diffbrent points; b«t its strcmgest columns were 
disposed on the #ftigs» and partkularly the rig^t one. 

About ^oon» the first discharge of cannon was heard ftam 
the French lines, and numerous light troops in front opened their 
fires. The left made a vigorous attack on the fiMi of Hougoumont, 
tiiabuSdings of which had been creni^ated fbr defence, by the^ 
iilfimtry, wh<^ maintained the combat with great obstinacyv Hof^ 
and foot advanced together, against the corps placed in tk« rear^ 
of that fbrm, and who were throwmg into it a c<mtinualircto(brce- 
ment; After an hour'a contest^ Ae SngUri^ appeared to retirs e 
Ittde, and the French army dosed its advance. The* aytiUery 
WW in ihiat of the wkole Une, and die infimtry Ibiowed >^> m 
colanms^ 

Our troops became thus engaged by degvees, not without sus^ 
taining great losses under tiie dtflcttkies aiising from* uneven hifiy * 
ground, deqp ditches, aoid ravines^ wber^ th^ were checkod 
at every step by fi^b columns concealed tifl Hie memeiit we 
came up to thdm. Every inch of grrand w^ disputed on both 
sides, and neither gave way tiB every mean* ef resistance 
was exhausted. The smallest hifiock, the most tribal embank- 
ment was frequently taken and re-taken several times. Repeated 
charges of cavalry took place ; the field of batlie was heiqped 
with dead, and the firing, instead of slackeaiti|g;, becmne more 
and more violent Both sides contended with equal fery, and 
tfce defence was as obstinate as tlie attock was impetaoas. 

It was immediately rep<^rted, that very strong colunms were 
inarching, with fixed bayonets upon Mount St. John, at dw 
same time that the cavalry of the wings were to diarge the bat* 
teries, which appeared to be very Kttlo protected. This grand 
movement, from the resuk of idiich ib awch might be expected. 



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QF THE BATTLE OF. WATEBLOOi. IS5 

wa& iiopatitDtiy waited for; but the pbttumte persey^riteee of 
the English in maintaining their pogltkm in die villages which 
flanked their wings^ retarded it* They- socoessively fend batta- 
Uona towards the fanns of .HongowcacHit and La Haye.Sakite» 
wUehoar cavalry as lire^nently drove back; yet those villages^ 
though pressed with onparaUeled vigour, still defended the»* 
s^es* Eager to drive, the Enemy tfirom Heagonmont, who ap- 
peared determined noltoretito, wetdecidedto set fire to it^ attfaer 
same time sending a reinforcement against La Haye Sainte^ 
which we carried sAer a most sanguinary ocmteat. 

The Ei^Hsh artillery made dread^fd havock in our ranks: we 
were so completely exposed^ that their ricochets passed easiiy 
4iPOCigh all the linjes». and fell in ^ midst of our equipage; 
whiidi was plaoed behind on the road^-and its eavk^ons. A man*' 
her of shells too burst amongat them» and rendered it indispenH 
sable for the. tram to retire to a greater distance. This was not 
done without considerBble disorder, which the English dearfy 
perceived. Our artillery re-opened their fire with equal vivar. 
dtgr V but probabfy with much less efie^t^ as their masses couU 
01^ be lovdled dgainst by approximation, being almost entirely 
mMked by the* inequalities of the ground. Ihe contiaitted de- 
tonation. <tf mare than GOOi pieces of artillery; the fire of .the 
battalions and hf^ tnx^s ; thei firequent explosion of cwsooas; 
Mown up by shells whidi readied them ; the hissing of Imlls and 
*grape-«bot; the clash of arms^ the impetuous noise of the^ 
cha^^r ^d shont9 of the soUiery-^all created an eflfoct ot- 
soufid, the pen is unftble to describe ; and all this within aaar- 
row space, the two armies being close to each other, and their 
respective lines contracted mto the shortest length posuble. 

However, ui spite of obstacles and dangers, the French army 
was sensiUy gaining ground* 

Hie support of the two British wings being.carried, we passed 
the ravine, and made our advances amidst a deluge of balls and: 
gnq>e^shot. A strong column iq>proached Mount St. John, 
whence a terrifija fire was pourn^. The French cavahry at the 
same time rushed to carry the guns on the plains, but was 
charged in its turn by^the Enemy's horse, who issued in a body 
from the hollows where Aey had lain in ambuscade, and the 
riau^rter became horrible. Ndther side gave way one step; 
freA cohunaa remforce them; the churge is repeated. Three 



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156 FRENCH ETE-WITNESS'l DETAIL 

times tbe French iore on the pomt of fercoig' the positions^ auaid 
three times they are driven back ! 

These three assaults; made without interruption, and widi all 
the characteristic impetaostty of the French, caused considerable 
loss to the Enemy, and called for the most vigorous resistance o* 
their part. Lord Wellington exposed himself very much; and, 
in order to direct in person tiie efforts of his troops, seremd 
time^ threw himself into the mkbt of the medley to animate thena 
by his presence. Hie Prmce of Orange, who was with the right 
wing, was wounded at the head of his troops. 

The English, however, if the reports are to be credited, were 
very near being broken; it is strongly affirmed, that, for a con-' 
sjtderable time, great disorder prevailed in their rear, and thejr 
caused their equipages to retrograde with precqutancy, and file 
off towards Brussels, in much confusion. 

But however that may have been, it is not less true, that they 
repulsed with msnrmountable finnness all our efforts, and ksew 
how tofrustrate them, by concealing from our observation, what- 
ever trouble or apprehensions might have been produced firom 
such ftoiotM attacks, so often repeated, and so obstinately upheld* 

A general uneasiness now prevailed through our Army. Se* 
veral -dismounted batteries were wididrawing; numbers of tke 
wounded, detached from the columns; by their reporte spread an 
alarm, and universal silence succeeded the shoots of victory with 
which the day had begun. All the troops (with the single except 
tion of tite infantry of the Chiard) were engaged, and exposed 
to the deadliest fire ; the action still continuing with the same 
fiiry^ yet presenting nothing decisive. 

It was near seven o'clock. Buonaparte, still pacing tbe 
ground be had from the first placed himself on ; contemplated 
with a ferocious eye this horrid butchery. The more the diffi- 
culties multiplied, the more determined was his obstinacy* And» 
far from fearing to drive to madness, an army who placed their 
unbounded confidence in him, be pressed on fresh troops with* 
out ceasing ; ordering them to advance^ charge wtth tbe bayonet, 
and carry every thing before them ! In vain was be repeatedly 
told, tiiat tbe afiUr was bad on many points^ that the troops 
were shaken — " Forwards !" he cried — " forwards I*' 

A g^eneral officer had informed bim how impossible it was to 
sustain the position he was in, as one of the batteries was anni- 



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OF TH£ BATTLE OF WATERLOO. 137 

hilating faim; and reqaeftted to koow what he should do to elude 
its destroctiTe fire, <' Carry it!" was the reply — and he tamed 
his back on the Aide-de-Camp. 

A wounded English officer, was brought before him. He 
made some mquiries of him, and amongst others : ** What was the 
Mrengtb of their army ?" The officer replied, Very considerable, 
and had just been reinforced by 60,000 Prussians — '' So much 
the better," he answered ; ** the more there are, the longer ife 
shall fight." He sent off sereral expresses towards France, and 
repeatedly exclaimed, in a tone of distraction, to his Secretary, * 
'' Abore all, fieul not to say the victory is mine T 

At thb juncture, and at the moment when all his attempls 
|uroT«l abortive, it was announced to faim, that powerftil bodies 
of Prassians were opening on our right flank, and threatening 
our rear : but he treated the news as an idle tale, and then aa- 
swered, that they had kept a bad look-out, for those preten^bd 
Prussians were nothing but Grouchy's corps. Several of the 
Aides-de-camp who came to report this news he even abused, 
and dismissed th^n with ill-humour.—" Be off!" said he, ** you 
are fijghtened ; ride up to the columns that are deploying, and 
you will fittd they are Grouch/s." 

. Alter so peremptory an answer, many of them, ashamed to 
have been mistaken, advanced heedlessly towards ike Pnusian 
jagers, and, notwithstanding the lively fire directed against them, 
got near enough to be either killed or taken.- He was, however, 
obliged to yield to evidence, when these columns commenced a 
serious attack on our right wing, A part of the 6th division 
was sent to sustain this new shock, till those of .Marshal Ghrou- 
ehy, on whom the greatest dependence was placed, should arrive ; 
and it was even announced through the army that they were ab- 
solutely in line. 

It iqppears from the reports, that a part of Marshal Blucber's 
army, which from the 16th concentrated itself in the environs of 
Wavres, had eluded the vigilance of Marshal Grouchy, and 
being joined by the 4th Prussian corps, under General Bulow, 
had nqpidly joined the English Une, to co-operate with Lord 
WeliingtoD. 

Marshal Groudiy had, in reality, briskly pursued the Prussians 
daring their retreat to Wavre, and attacked in that place the 



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15S FK8M0H BTE^^lTNS&s't DBTAXt 



poflion of the Enemy uriuoh rtmuimad didre. fie wm» tbarefofe; 
engaged at the saiiie marnent we were, against a mall dmnon, 
which he mistook for the ivhoie of tiie Prussian arjny» and oyer 
wUch he continaed to obtem signal advantages : bat, ftvoared 
as the J were by the dsfficnities of a billy^ country, isterseoted witli 
woods and ravines, these corps made a snfficieiitly. obatinnia 
resistance, if not to stop his march, at least to impade it very 
ooDsiderabiy. Thus they suaceeded hi boUii^ him in play at a 
^stance from the pttnoipal seat of action. 

He could not, therefore, be of any assistaoca to us ; and1mK)a 
it was that the English received a- considerable reinforoement, 
wiiose conqerted intervention put them in a sttnation no longer 
lo fcar our most vigorous attadcs; but, on the other Jiand^ to 
reaama the offensive, and preseatiy to overpower ua« Canfi* 
dence was restored amongst them, and, calculating their, ma^ 
MBUvres by the iavourabie circumstances that oocurredy they 
resisted oar efforts with all their force, and with an avdor Aa^ 
seemed to redouble itself. 

It is evident that this operatien had been preconcnrtsd hy the . 
two Generals in CSfaief, and that the English defended their posi* 
tions with such invincible tenacity, only to give tha^Pmssiana 
tune to effM)t that combined movement, on which the saeeen of 
the baAde depended, and the signal of which was waited for from 
one moment to the other. 

B«onapart6, whose resolutions notiiing could chaaget. thoagfat 
the mmnent was arrived to determine the day: he fonned « 
feorth eotnmn of attack, almost entirely composed of his Guards 
and led on the charge upon Meant St. John, after direoting bin 
orders en every point to second this movement, on whidi fiitn 
seemed to han^. Those old vrarriors entered the plain withthei^ 
accustomed intrepidity, and courage was restored through Ae 
whole fine. The Guard made sereral charges, but waa con- 
stantly mpuised, crushed by a teirible artillery that each minute 
seemed to multiply. These invincible grenadiers beheld the 
grape-shot make day through their ranks; they closed promptly 
and coolly their simttered files ; nothing intimidates them ; no« 
thing stops them but death or mortal wound; but Ae hour of 
defeat bad sounded ! Enormous masses of Britirii infantry, snp« 
ported by an immense cavalry we had nothing to oppose to (for 
our own had afaready met its destruction,) descend in fory, sur- 



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QV TH» BATTLS OV WATBELOO. 15$ 

rouwl^ and ciy out to them to Mrro&den '' The Guard Mv«r 
sorreiiddra: if oaUed on; it dies T was the reply. No more 
qaartor it ghrea» abnost the whole -ftllfightiag in desperatioR* 

Thie treaModoiit maseaere contiiiiiea ai loBg as ^ir resist 
anoe. At length, the fragment tiiat remained, quit tbefar ranks^ 
and rush in utter coafosion towards tiieir first po$ilions, doubt- 
less in hopes' to rail j thare. 

Mesaiwhile tbe^ Prasstaas arrived en oar right, adtaaee, and 
charge what troops reauuv on that point Hie caanoaade, and 
• brisk fire of maskatry,- were heard in the rear of that line; as 
it iqpproaehed, kradjMrand loader.' Our tr6aps endeoronred to 
nMoataia the combat^ but gradnrily lost groasd. At last, our 
right wing, eyidentiy fell baek> and the* Pmssiafls^ who oat 6anked 
i^ were on the point of opening an the road^ when the r^Murt 
ran that the Guard was repalsedr and w^bea its seatteredand 
maimed battalions were seen to. mshbiiekni ^soalasieB ; on aai- 
▼ersal p«aio seined the ^army^ which disbanded itself on every 
poiot, and sought safety in instant flight In taia Buonaparte, 
for a last efibrt^ ooUected jome. battalions of tho' oldand yom^ 
Gnaid, which had been least :engaged> and led them on. AUin 
▼aia 1 Ittthttidated by the scene, and pulverized by the oannon^ 
this feeble reserve was presently oaerthroam. 

The army then spontmieously, and aU at thesaane time,' left 
its posts, and iq>read like a torrent in-aU direotiens. The can* 
Boneers abiyMlon their guns. The waggo»4ra]n cut thw Jtraces ; 
jnfitttry, cavslry, all arms ndngied in utter eonfiision, fly ^ong 
the read and through the fields. Eq^ages 4>f all sorts that had 
been arranged in park along die highway, and withdvawnin dis* 
order, ohoak iheroad, laid render it impassable. 

^fiowever, die cry of '' Saum qui pent/* was . no* where 
iMard; and this general rout was theoonsequence of ^sponta- 
neous moveamit, whose causes remain to this moment unkaowni 
or finr which it would be very difficult to assign> another than the 
knowledge the sekUeiy had acquirtsd of the perils of our situa* 
ticn; for tiie French soldier is never, iike tiboeO'Of talmoatail 
other nations, whoUy passive. He observee, he reasons, and 
Aever under any circumstances places in has chiefii so blind a 
confidence as may prev«nt him from submitting their operations 
to his ow^ judgment 

No order nor route hadbeen given. The Gomnanders, awept 



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140 FRENCH EYB-WITNSSB's DETAIL 

along by the flying torrent, were separated from tlieir c^rpa; 
not a single file of men to rally to; no arrangements dreaittt o^ 
for $m orderly retreat. The Guard, heretofore InvinciM^, fled 
foremost of the multitade. Night came on, and added to tiie 
confusion. 

The Enemy detached a numerous cavalry in pursuit (^ the 
fugitives. A part of them took posse3«on of the whole hospital' 
train on the road, while formidable columns advanced on eadi 
flank. All the household carriages of Buontqpart^ fell first to 
the Prussians, with mountains of other baggage. AH the can- 
nons were taken in the batteries where they had served, along 
with the caissoons and trains. In a word, the whole materiel 
of our army disappeared in less than one half hour. 

The English and Prussian Commanders, having completely 
efiected their junction, met at the farm of La Belle Alliance. 
The British cavaby being greatly fatigued, that of the Pn^sians 
was sent forward^ and did not give us a moment's repose. 

Arrived atGenappe, they barricaded the entrance, and ]threw 
up all possible obstacles, in hopes to pass there the nigbt. Pre- 
sently a few shots fired by the Prussian cavalry, who were by 
this time close at their heeb, spread the alarm; the bivouac is 
raised, and all in a flight again more eonfiised than before. 

No one knew what was become of Buonaparte, who bad disap- 
peared. According to some he had perished in the rtrife ; and 
this account being bronght to a well-known g^ieral officer, he 
exclaimed, as Megret did after tiie death of Charies XII., at 
Fredericksiadt, '' Voiid lapiicefinkr Others reported he had 
been unhorsed and made prisoner. The same* incertitude pte- 
vailed relucting the fate of Marshal Ney, of the Mi^or-geBeral, 
and of the principal number of the general Staff. 

The former, who was Commandant-in-ohief of the lat and 3d 
0orps, had directed in person the different attacks made on the 
centre, and was constantly seen in the thickest of the aotion. 
It appears that until the moment there was a certainty of its not 
being Grouohy's division irinch approachedfrom the right, but a 
body of Prussian troops, he had considered that affairs were in 
a good way, and conceived the liveliest hopes of a fortunate 
issue ; but when he saw Buonaparte maintain against demonstra- 
tion, that Grouchy was forming into line, and ostentationriy oifcur 
late this fiUsehood through the ranks, he supposed it was his pur- 



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OF THE BATTLE OF WATERLOO. 141 

poBe to depeive the whole army in orjlcir to inspire it with a fatal 
confidence. 

From that time his opinion changed , and he no longer acted 
with the-s^ne coolness and self-collection ; but it must be avowed 
that not one reproach was made against him by the army on his 
change of conduct, and his bravery was never suspected ; he 
merely partook the general anxiety and discouragement. It wa^ 
indeed obvious that from the opening of the campaign he ap- 
peared profoundly dissatisfied, but dissimulated his feelings in 
prasenoe of the public. There subsisted betweeil him and Buo- 
j)apart6 a ceitain misunderstanding, and a kind of reciprocal 
dktrust, very difficult to fathom, but not the less evident. There 
is every reason to believe too, that he entertained a jealousy of 
Marshal Grouchy, which Buonaparte himself seemed manifestly 
to adopt. Such dissentions between the principal chiefs, must 
necessarily have cramped Uie course of their operations, and 
disturbed the unity of their plans. 

A great number of persons affirmed they had seen Buonaparte 
in the midst of the crowd, and perfectly distinguished him by 
bis short grey cloak and dappled horse. 

This last story was the true one. When the last battalions of 
the Guard were overthrown, Buonaparte was hurried away with 
them, surrounded on all sides by the Enemy, into a cyder orchard, 
belonging to the Harm of La Belle Alliance. There he was met by 
two cavsdiers of the Guard, who conducted him cautiously through 
the Prussian parties that were scouring the country, but who, 
fortunately for him, were all employed in stopping and plunder- 
ing the equipages. He was known and recognized in many 
places, and often heard ihe whisper run: ** The Emperor! — the 
Emperor ! " — words of alarm which caused his instant removal 
fifjom the spot wherever heard. 

After a ffigbt harassed by the Enemy through the whole niglrt, 
tl^ sad relics of our army reached at the point of day, part of 
th^Q Gharleroi, and the rest Marchienne, where they hastened 
to repass the Sambre. The remaining eqrioages, meanwhile, 
impeded by their gradual accumulation on the to roads which 
kad to the bridges of Gharleroi and Marchienne, were over- 
taken by the Prussians, abandoned by their train and drivers, 
and thus Ibelast cannon and military carriage fell into the power 
of the Enemy, who made at the same time a great number of 
prisoners. 



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142 FB8NCH lYK-WITNXSS's PETAIL 

Tbe Sambre oaee erocMed by dM muMBt of o«r amjr, w« 
hoped to be able to halt, and bivouacs were* establithed ib the 
orchards and meadows on its right bank ; but an alarm was gnren 
that the Prussians were nigh. Without waiting orders; without 
attempting to destroy, or eyen turn adrift tbe bridges, widiout 
maiung a single reeonnoissanee, the flight re-commenced with 
all its disorder ; the whole started at onoe, and each consulliBg 
iiis own safety, directs his steps he knows not whither* 

At a little disttooe fram Cbarleroi are two roads, one leading 
to Avesnes, the other to PUlii^peiriDe. Having received bo 
directions, and seeing none of the superior ofioe^, they divided 
into two parties; the most numeiwus olie taking that of Aveanes, 
by whi<;h they had marehed before, aad llie other awards the 
left to Philippeville. A great number of scattered men threw 
th^nselves into die surrounding wo^ds to avoid the Eneay^s 
cavalry, and. thus tiiis brilliant army gradually dispersed aid 
disappeared. It was the latter road that Buonaparte chose ibr 
bis retreat. Once more a ftigitive from his own arany, he abandons 
it without further eflbrt in the midst of dangers he leems to take 
pleasure in aggravating, by delivering it up to unorchy and dis^ 
orgtmization. 

Wandering and deserted, thousands ef insulated soUtiers run 
about the country, spreadmg alarm as they pass* Hie wretdMsd 
inhabitants hear almost ut the same moment the success ef the 
French army, and its annihilaticm, and find themselves the prey 
of an Enemy whom victory, won with its blood, must reader 
more ferocious. Every strong place shuts its gates against the 
fogitives, and driving away by force those ^o flee tiiither tar 
safety, oblige them to seek dielter in the neighbouring hamleta, 
wher^ they practise every sort of excess. . 

It was in his character of a runaway tiiat Buonaparte, in Ae 
jnosient of general dismay, sought safety, and presented bhnselT, 
begging entrance at the gates of Philippeville. He was urged 
to solicit the protection of tbrir ramparts, to secure himselfftom 
the close pursuit of the Prussians, who traced him in ail dirsctioiia, 
lie underwent the humiliation of being refused adnrfttance, tBi 
the Governor come out and recogniaed him, when the gutes 
fpsre opened. 

Nuiabers of soldiers dispersfaig that way, to whom it was soon 
known their iHustrioua En^eror wus in this place, conceived it 



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OF THB BATTLE OF WATEBLOO. 143 

4beir daty to Moaap mroanid him. BaoBi^wt^y ]ioirever» pni- 
4entlyjttdgeddiatsuoh an assemblage might make bis asylum 
kmwn to the Enemy; he therefore sent orders for them to con- 
jdime their route : bat having, tike a vise general, analyzed the 
means of acting onithe se&timents of an army atler such a defeat, 
he insured the pron)|>t execution of his orders, by sending emis- 
mmA from the town^ who palled out: " The Cossacks — ^sare 
yourselyes — the Cossacks— haste!" 

It was these unfortunates who, in accents of despair and grief, 
spread as they journeyed the dreadful news, that the Emperor 
was blocking at Philippeville. This was looked on as a cer- 
tainty, but conceived to be only a measure forming one part of 
his grand preconceptions. Sbwever, after passing a few hours 
at Philippeville, his Majesty withdrew from thence, and departed 
fer Jjfesneres. Night came on as he passed under the walls of 
Bocroi, where it was supposed he would stopped : a number of 
people appeared on the ramparts crying — *' Lodjg live the £m- 
peror!" — ^while he remained in sight; but he probably found the 
Slight moce convenient ibr continuing his route. There entered 
the town a few of his officers and attendants, with only a few horses. 
All his carriages and equipages had been seized by the Enemy* 

The great portion of the shattered* army, which had withdrawn 
to Aveanes and Laon^ experienced the deepest anxiety as to the 
ftte of Buonaparte. They were ignorant of what had befidlen 
hmi, but, persuaded that not being amongst them, he had found 
«. grave in the same field of honour with )he Wave fellows he had 
Jed to death, lamented the fate reserved for a chief so dear. 
When they learn he ia arrived at .Paris, full of life and good 
heaUi! — oh! shame eternal! — ^how paint the indignation they 
nosthave felt! - . 

Since the affiur of ligny, thare had be^oi no communication 
finom the right of the army, under Marshal Grouchy. The people, 
&eielbre, remained in ignorance of what were become of them ; 
afid reports were circulated, that, for want of knowing the issue 
of the battle of Mount St. John, they had been surrounded by 
die Allies at Wavre, and, unable to efifect a retreat, had laid 
€lowa their arms ; Vandamme being in the namber of the killed. 
Has fine French army then, sacrificed with its predecesscnrt^ 
had ceased to exist!*— It seemed as though Buonaparte become 
fiirioi)8 at having seen, some tbousmds of brave men escape his 

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144 FRENCH EYE-WlTNESS's DETAIL 

rage, the monster had stalked from bis den in Elba, solely to de- 
vour the remainder. And if in fact he might have the credit of 
suck intention, his every action daring this short and'unkicky 
campaign, would be in consonance tiierewitb. Bat let us rather 
ascribe these enormous errors to his unskilful and presumptuous 
rashness, and to his well-known and incorrigible maua of ad- 
vancing always in blind confidence, without plan or any calca- 
lation of the chances of war. It is evident that system, so uni- 
formly adopted and persevered in by Buonaparte, being become 
known to the Allied Generals, had opened the pit-fall, in which 
his own pitiable self-security precipitated him; for, whatever 
their foreign bulletins may advance, with the intention, no doobt, - 
of enhancing the glory of theur generals, and the bravery of the 
men, it is clear that tiie position of Mount St. John had been re- 
connoitred, designed, and marked out, with the full purpose to 
draw him thither with his army, and there give him battle ; for 
only a Buona^ari^, infallible in his own opinion, could have 
failed to see through it. The calculated retreat of the Englisli 
on so strong a position, the obstinacy with which thdy maintained 
it, the facility they had for masking their troops and artillery 
in an immense forest, and beyond all tiiat, the redoubts and open 
batteries they had raised, womld have awakened mistrust in 
almost any other general. What further strengthens the supper 
sition is, the erection of a wooden observatory, which had been 
raised on a knoll in front of the forest, where with a good tde- 
•cope every movement as far as the Sambre might be distin- 
guished. It. was certainly erected to Watch us^ and could not 
have been the work of twenty-four hours. 

. In every hypothesis, prudence called on him to reconnoitre 
the ground, and ascertain the dispositions of the Enemy; and 
could the most unexperienced general commit the error of 
making an attack without first placing himself in communicatiovi 
with his right wing, or at least being fully aware of its opera- 
tions ? Besides, supposing that we had forced the English line, 
which couM not have been done without very considerable loss, 
what had been our advantage . — Behind them was a forest of 15 
leagues long by 5 broad ; the road through it was but a narrow 
defile, where 10,000 men and a few pieces of artillery would 
have stopped the progress of the greatest army. 

Great fault was found with the charge of our officers, to 



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O'P THE BATTLE OF WATERLOO. 145 

Vliose ill-success they ascribed all the mischief that ensued. 
They were accused of not having boldly met the Enemy's bat- 
talions, though they had brought away one standard ; and some 
went so far as to surmise treason. Rumours like these spread 
presently through the whole army ; and to counteract the bad 
impression, it was studiously propagated that several generals 
who had become traitors, among the rest. General Bourmont, 
had been delivered to a military commission, and shot. 

Every thing, however, was lost; and the destruction of the 
French army was the more inevitable, from its right being turned 
and no provision made for a retreat. Yet, (who will credit it?) 
Buonaparte alone appeared to make light of the dangers which 
threatened him. Yet, will he advance again, and flatters him- 
self, with a few battalions, to overturn a force that had resisted 
his whole anny ! 

And this is the man who passes '' for the first Captain of the 
ageT — Yet, it will not be doubted, that at Mount St. John, 
Buonaparte displayed the whole measure of his faculties ; he had 
too much need of victory, not to put forth all his energies to 
obtain it. Either, then, it must be admitted, all his former vic- 
tories were due to chance, or that his intellects were deranged 
on the 18th of June; for his combinations of that day could not 
otherwise be termed judicious, than insomuch as we pre-suppose 
his former determination to cause the assassination of his whole 
army. Such at least was the opinion of his most consummate 
Generals on this day, who exclaimed in the violence of despair 
— ** The man is not himself! What would he have? He loses 
his understanding !'' 

It is, however, pretended by some, that setting aside all disad- 
vantages of ground, the manner in which he directed his attacks, 
and the evolutions he commanded, bore a strong resemblance to 
those of Marengo, insomuch that if on a sudden, at the moment 
when the victorious English army broke from their positions to 
rush upon us, a formidable column had issued from the ground, 
commanded by a Desaix, it is more than probable the chances 
had turned to our advantage. 

If then Marshal Grouchy had appeared at the instant, he 
would have played most truly the part of Desaix, and it is be- 
yond a doubt the victory had been ours. But he was too distant 
from the theatre of action to figure there so,eflectuallv. That 

1 

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146 FRENCH EYE-WkXNfiSS's DETAIl 

consideration aggravates the inconceivable errors committed at 
Monnt St. John by Buonaparte, whom nothing compelled to 
hazard so abruptly a decisive battle, and who, instead of reducing 
his right wing to an absolute nullity by neglecting to secure his 
communications with it, might without inconvenience have waited 
till it had rejoined. One day — a few hours even — would have 
sujQGlced to accomplish this most essential point, which would have 
placed every probability of a successful termination on our side; 
nor can the disasters that ensued from that circumstance be 
ascribed to unforeseen misfortune ; for it is clear, that no mea- 
sures had been taken to acquire any certain knowledge of the 
march of Grouchy's corps, or of the difficulties it might have 
encountered. And arrangements were made, which implied a 
fill! certainty, that that body having perfectly repulsed the 
Prussians, its prompt co-operation might be implicitly relied on. 

It is generally believed, that when Buonaparte saw the affair 
turning so badly, he charged with the greatest bravery at the 
head of his Guard ; that he had two horses killed under him, and 
courted death in the midst of the English several times. This 
desperation was proof of a disturbed mind. We must, therefore, 
deeply deplpre the fate of an army committed to the hands of a 
man marked by such invincible obstinacy — with whom there can 
be no alternative, but to conquer or die ! 

The battle ojf Mount St. John was, assuredly, one of the most 
murderous that over has been recorded. The French army, con- 
sisting of 120,000 men, after certainly displaying prodigigus va- 
lour,, was almost totally destroyed ; 300 pieces of cannon, all the 
caissoons and equipages, fell into the power of the Enemy, as 
well as an innumerable mass of prisoners ; and the bodies of more 
than 20,000 Frenchmen, mangled with grape-shot, strewed the 
field. The English, likewise, suffered great losses ; but not com- 
parable to those of the French, ^rom the superior advantage 
afforded by their position. Nevertheless, it is presumed the 
Allied Armies had at least as many as 20,000 killed. There is 
reason to believe, that at the commencement of the action, their 
forces were nearly equal ; but the English army was, in fact, 
much . stronger through its entrenchments, and became^ consi- 
derably augmented by the effective co-ooeralion of the Prussians. 

It was easy to predict the consequences of this fight. The 
scattered fragments of the French army rallied in the environs 



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OF THE BATTLE OF WATERLOO. 14? 

of lifton and of RheimS'; but, weak and discouraged, were inca- 
pable of opposing the immediate entrance of the Allies into the 
capital. They presently made their appearance before the bar- 
riers of Paris, when some resistance was first presented, on the 
arrival of those corps which had composed the right wing of the 
army. 

This right wing, which was supposed to have been destroyed, 
had with singular good fortune retreated by Namur, and, after 
marching eight days in the midst of the. Allies, and parallel with 
them, joined at length the remainder of our army, without having 
met any considerable loss. 

Thus seventy thousand toen were concentrated before Paris, 
and threatened to defend diat capital. But what could so small 
a force effect against the united arms of all Europe, which were 
approaching with rapid strides towards their central point? — 
After some days spent in a resistance extremely alarming to the 
inhabitants, whose safety was thereby endangered to an inde- 
finite extent, they succeeded in overcoming the obstinacy of the 
troops, who had determined to hold out to the last extremity, 
and were resolved to exact for th$^t purpose the greatest sacri- 
fices. In thus gradually disposing them to accept a capitulation, 
and extorting, it may be said, in this manner their consent to 
evacuate Paris, France in reality gained a signal victory ; the 
results of which are incalculable, and perhaps saved the capital 
from entire destruction. 

The battle of Mount St. John, therefore, by the occupation 
of Paris, and re-establishment of the legitimate Government, 
terminated the frightful strife in which Buonaparte had engaged 
us. No doubt, the momentary destruction of so many thousands 
of men was a dreadful catastrophe ; but it was the prompt and 
unexpected issue of a frightful war, which might probably have 
ravaged France for an indefinite period. Even bad their efforts 
been unanimous, yet must she have yielded finally to all the 
united energies of Europe put forth against her ; and meanwhile, 
a prey to wild devastation, trampled under foot by numerous 
enemies, her soil would only have beenr ceded when covered with 
dead, and, encumbered with the sad ruins of burning villages, 
her inhabitants had abandoned them in despair to the discretion 
of soldiers, whose need is destruction. 

History has shown by frequent and terrib]e examples, that 



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146 t'ilENCH Evfe-WITNESS'S DETAIL 

men whom the power of arms has raised above all law, no longer 
recognize Ae ties of patriotism. They form a corps apart, and 
treat with undistinguishing fury their own or foreign lands. And 
what protection could be sought from an army, whose whole alle* 
glance and devotion were centered in the individual Buonaparte, 
and who avowed themselves^ in the face of the world, to be the 
blind instruments of his will ? — Accustomed to a wandering life 
of plunder, and imbued with the sole genius of destruction, it 
perfected a system of military cosmopolitism. It breathed only 
war, for war and unchecked rapine were the objects of its Vows. 
After having ravaged the rest of Europe, France was still a 
▼irgin land, that presented to them a wide and fertile field of 
depredation. The spirit of disorder and indiscipline this army 
carried along with it every where, victorious or fugitive, had 
become contagious, and spread not only among the foreign 
troops who served in its ranks, but among those they opposed. 
France could not, therefore, have expected a better lot than 
those unhappy lands which their armies had successively desolated. 

Though unhappily it is too notorious, that the French in their 
incursions into the neighbouring states, set an example of 
rapine and exaction, it is no less certain they have been well imi- 
tated, if not excelled by those of the foreign troops, who seem 
to have made it a point of honour to resemble them in this par- 
ticular. And there is one nation to whom perhaps it belongs of 
riglit to exercise the most cruel reprisals, that they may well 
serve as a model thereof. But whatever be the inducements to 
such a scandalous abuse of military power, its perpetrators 
blindly light up a volcano, that assuredly will one day explode 
under their own feet : for, it cannot be denied, it is the afflicting 
excesses with which the French armies are reproached, that have 
drawn down on their native land the resentment of all Europe, 
and provoked that terrible re-active visitation^ under which we 
now g^oan. In every point of view, therefore, they have been 
the heralds of greater evil to France, than to the countries that 
have had to undergo, them. May then this tremendous lesson 
not pass unheeded by the nations, but enlighten their views of 
policy and public interest, for the common good of them all ! 

Necessarily subversive of every principle and of morality; 
the destroyer of law and justice ; the sworn enemy to civiKza- 
tion^-there can exist neither government nor society where 



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X 



OF THE BATTLE OF WATERLOO. 149 

Military Despotism reigns. Peace is impossible^ because man 
is governed by his interest, and the thirst of power is inter* 
woven in his nature. Soldiers, therefore, called at first to 
the honourable task of maintaining the rights of their fellow* 
citizens, soon forget their mandatory characters, and, aspiring to 
engross the wealth, honours, and offices of state, do not hesitate 
in the choice of means. War, above all, is the element they 
breathe, and hence a Military Government finds occasion to be 
for ever at war. 

An exclusive preponderance, therefore, of the military profes- 
sion is the greatest evil which cap befall .a state. Crushed be- 
neath the weight of their own power, all conquering nations 
have been conquered in their turn. And what country has ha4 
to feel more than France, the weight of this austere truths 
That Military Govemmept, for which ^he has made such great 
sacrifices ; these splendid conquests, this glory of arms, have 
led her from victory to victory, to the verge of destruction. 

The same deplorable system has made us retrograde with rapid 
strides towards the ages of barbarism. Factious legions, as in 
the periods of anarchy of die Rom^ Republic, ^pknowledging. 
no other law than their own will, called to reign over |Jbie nations 
they oppriessed, the General who had captivated their choice; or, 
Hke th^ Janissaries of the East, raised and deposed thefr owp 
Despot at their pleasure. 

It is highly essential, therefore, that al) efforts be cpmbine4 
against this Vandalism, which threatens to replunge us in the 
gulph of barbarian darkness. It is now time that ord^r should 
succeed to anarchy, and ^e authority of l^ws to the swav pf 
violence. 



Buonaparte's Conduct during and after the Battle, with his 
Opinions, Conversations, ^c. collected from various sources. 

The following details will give a correct idea of the dangers 
which Buonapart6 personalty underwent on the memorable day of 
Waterloo. These details were furnished by an eye-witness of 
the whole, and may be rehed on : 

" From two o'clock until a quarter before seven, Buonaparte 
conmianded all the operations and inovements from a position 
Y^^ro he remained without any danger whatever to his Own per-i 



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150 Buonaparte's opinions, &c. 

son: he was at least a cannon-shot and a half off: nothing in 
short could reach him. 

" When he was at length convinced, that tiie corps d'arm^e 
which he had so long and so obstinately taken for that of Marshal 
Grouchy, was in reality a Prussian corps, he seemed to think 
that the affair was desperate^ and that he had no other resource 
than to make a great effort with the reserve of his Guard, com- 
posed of 15,000 men. This part he accordingly took. 

'^ At this moment he assumed an appearance of resolution, 
which re-animated a little those who surrounded him. 

" He advanced, saying — * Let every one follow me,' (Tout U 
monde en arriire !) which evidently signified that he wished to 
be in front. In fact, he made this movement at first, and headed 
for about ten minutes, the formidable colnnm which remained to 
him as his forlorn hope ; but when he arrived withing 200 toises 
(1200 feet) from three solid squares of Allied troops which occu- 
pied a ridge, with a formidable artillery, (and which ridge it was 
necessary to carry), he suddenly stopped under the broken 
ground of a sand-pit, or ravine, and a little on one side, out of 
the direction of the cannon balls. 

" This fine and terrible column, which he. had some time 
headed, found him here, as it passed and defiled before him in 
order to advance, taking a demi-tour to the bottom of the hillock, 
and directly in front of the Enemy's squares, which Buonapart6 
himself could not see from the lateral point which he occupied, 
although it is very true that he was close enough to the Enemy's 
batteries. As the corps passed him, he smiled, and addressed to 
them expressions of confidence and encouragement. The march 
of these old warriors was very firm, and there was sometliing 
solemn in it. — ^Their appearance was very fierce. A kind of 
savage silence reigned among them. There was in their looks 
a mixture of surprise and discontent, occasioned by their unex- 
pected meeting with Buonaparte, who, as they thought, was at 
their head. 

'' In proportion as they ranged up the eminence, and darted 
forward op the squares which occupied its summit, the artillery 
vomited death upon them, and killed them in masses. This part of 
the scene came directly under Buonaparte's eyes, without his being 
able to see what passed on the height itself, as he still kept him- 
self, as it were, enveloped in the comer of the ravine. It was 



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BATTLE OF WATERLOO. 151 

then (tr^isely a quarter of an hour from seven o'clock, and it 
was at this very moment that the decisive crisis of the battle 
commenced. 

** Buonaparte had then six persons close to him — these were, 
his brother Jerome, and Generals Bertrand, Drooet, Bernard, 
Donhers, and Labedoyere. At every step which he took, or 
seemed to take, to put his own person in front. Generals Ber- 
trand and Drouet threw themselves before his horse's head, and 
exclaimed in a pathetic accent — * Ah ! Sire, what are you going 
to do \ Consider that the safety of France and the army depends 
entirely upon you. All is lost, if any accident should happen 
to you.' 

^' Buonaparte yielded to their entreaties with a zeal or appa- 
rent efifort, which he seemed to gain over himself. But one 
thmg appeared very singular, namely, that the two men who 
knew so well how to moderate his ardour, and to retain him, were 
the only persons whom he never sent to reconnoitre the state of. 
the battle, while he sent the rest twenty times into the midst of 
the fire to carry orders, or bring him information. One of them 
having told him, that the Duke of Wellington had been for a 
long time in fi'ont, and at the head of one of his squares, he 
exhibited a sort of a grin, which showed evidently, that this 
part of the narrative vexed him much. 

'' Jerome having thought proper to take aside, and whisper 
with one of his brother's Aides-de-Camp, to whom he spoke his 
mind very freely, Buqpapart6 sent him (Jerome) several times 
into the middle of the fire, as if to get rid of such an importunate 
critic. Jerome, in fact, took it greatly to heart, that his brother 
did not profit of this occasion, to die in a glorious manner ; and 
I distinctly heard him say to General Bertrand — * Can it be pos- 
sible that he will not seek death here I Never will he find a 
a more glorious grave !' 

" At night-fall, Buonapart6 disappeared from us, under pre- 
text of going himself to ascertain the state of things, and put 
himself at the head of the Guards, to animate them. Before I 
conclude, there is a peculiarity which deserves to be noticed, 
namely, that before effecting his personal retreat, in order to get 
rid of impertinent witnesses, he directed all those around him to 
carry different orders at once, the result of which could not con- 
cern him in the least. 



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15Q, bUonapaiite's opinions, &c. 

" Captain Elpbinstone, who was made prisoner in the battle 
of the 16th, was brought before Buonaparte for examination. 
Being asked by Buonaparte, ** Who commands the cavalry J " he 
was answered, " Lord Uxbridge." " No, Paget," replied Buona- 
parte. The officpr then explained that they meant the same 
person, and Buonaparte nodded ^sent. He was then asked, 
" Who commanded in chief J " and was answered, ** the Duke of 
Wellington;" upon which he observed, " No, that cannot be^ 
for he i3 sick," It seems that his Grace had received a fall from 
his horse, on the 14th, and was reported to bo indisposed in 
consequence, and Buonaparte had received intelligence to that 
effect. The conversation continued thus for a considerable time, 
during which Buonapart6 shoyred bipiself perfectly acquainted 
with the strength and position of the several divfcions of the 
Allied Armies, and tlie names of their several Commanders. As 
they were successively mentioned, Buonaparte occasionally^ re- 
marked, ** Oh ! yes, this division cannot be up in time. — ^This 
division cannot be up in a day," and so on. Upon some difficulty 
in the conversation, one of his Aides-de-camp, who spoke Eng^ 
lish well, interpreted after, and he, it appeared, had been in 
London about ten days before. On the conversation being ended, 
a surgeon was ordered to give his attention, and wa3 placed, with 
another officer, under three guards — on retiring, they were put 
to quarters, which happened to be .the cock-loft of a house ; 
from hence, on the following morning, they looked secretly, and 
saw the whole of the French army march to their positions : 
knowing the disparity of force, he trembled to think of the re- 
sult ; and noticing particularly the enthusiasm and devotion of 
the troops — in this state of anxiety, they silently waited some 
hours, fearing every moment to hear the crisis ; at length they 
beard a great bustle of men and horses ; upon coming nearer, 
they discovered them to be French : — all is now lost, victory is 
gained, and these s^re the messengers. Oncoming to the town, 
they however found them flying French ; then was their joy supe- 
rior to their former dejectipn : but in their helpless situation, they 
dare not show themselves, as they certainly would have been 
shot — but after an hour, the black Brunswickers came riding 
through, then they came out of their lurking-places, and jomed 
their comrades ; it is to be observed, that their Guards bad long 
left them. 



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BATTLE OF WATERLOO. 153 



LA COSTE'S NARRATIVE * 

" Three officers, early ip the morning of Sunday the 18th 
June, inquired for him, and asked him how long he had lived in 
the country, and, upon hearing his reply, wrote three lines upon 
apiece of paper, and sent an officer with him to Buonaparte at 
six. Ue asked him if he knew the different roads. C. answered, 
yes, and expla^led them upon a chart which was lying before B. 
.Coste said that from eight to one B. was forming his troops for 
the general engagement, which began at one. From one to four, 
B. was dismounted, and remained in the same position, (viz. a 
Jittle above Hougoumont, towards the left). From four to seven, 
he was upon the roof of Coste's house, one-eighth of a mile be- 
yond Belle Alliance. At seven, he moved in the high road 
between Belle Alliance and Mount St. Jean, three quarters of a 
mile from Costers house. That B. remained there till half-past 
eight, when finding that the Prussians were coming upon his 
flank, and that the English, by their desperate attack, had thrown 
his troops into utter confusion, said to Bertrand, ** Sauvans- 
noiu:'^ he then immediately gajloped off; and that he never 
spoke for four hours. B. wasnpt seen either to eat or drink du- 
ring the day, and, in Coste's opinion, he considered victory as 
certain till seven in the evening, when he was cheered with vic- 
tory by l^is troops." 

Waterloo, Atufust 15. 

** Opposite the Inn, at a cottage where the Earl of Uxbridge 
was carried, you are shown a neat garden ; in the centre of four 
paths, a little hillock, with a weeping willow and shrubs planted 
near the spot, show the sepulchre of his Lordship's leg : f in an 

* Vide the attested declaration of tbU person of all he sav of Buonaparte, 
before and during the Battle, in Vol. II. of Additional Particnlars. 

t You are also shown the chair on which his Lordship sat during tiie operation, 
•exactly as it remained ; and they still remember the gallant Earl's heroic sen- 
timents Ht the moment of this severe trial : but he was not seen to wince in the 
Jleast, not even by contortion of features, consoling those about him in saying : 
*** Who would not lose a leg for such a victory? %t is true^ I have a limb less; 
but I have a higher name in the eyes of my country.*' The interview be- 
tween the Noble Duke and his Lordship, upon his visit to Brussels; after the 



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154 buonapabte's opinions, &c. 

inclosure» further behind ibis cottage, are interred several Eng- 
lish Officers ; one only. Colonel Fitzgerald, of the life Guards, 
has a stone, with an inscription over him ; many have been taken 
up and transmitted to England : yon then proceed to Waterloo, 
the house of Jean Baptiste La Coste, called Belle Alliance, from 
whom I obtained the following particulars : — 

" About five in the morning, he was taken prisoner to serve 
as guide, and conducted with his hands tied behind him (that he 
might not escape as a former man had done) to another house 
belonging to him, opposite to which Buonapart6 had slept. Ob- 
serving the French soldiers plundering and destropng this house, 
he cried. Buonaparte asked ,what he cried for ? " Because your 
soldiers are destroying all my property, and my family have no 
where to put their heads." Buonaparte said, *' Do you not 
know that I am Emperor, andean recompense you* an hundred 
times as much i " He was placed on a horse immediately be- 
tween Buonaparte and his first Aide-de-camp, his saddle being 
tied to the saddle of a trooper behind him, that he might not 
escape. They proceeded a little beyond Belle Alliance, and 
Buonaparte took the ground on a small eminence on the opposite 
side ; a sort of body guard of twelve pieces of artillery, very 
light, surrounding them. From this spot, he could command 
both lines. He first observed: ** How steadily those troops 
take the ground ! how beautifully those cavah-y form ! Regardez 
ces chevauxgris!* Qui'sont ces beaux cavaliers ? Ce sont de 
braves troupes^ mats dans une demi-heure je les couperai en 
pieces.'' Observing how the chasms in the British squadrons 
were fiHed up the instant they were made by his artillery, he ex- 
claimed, ** Quelles braves troupes! comme ils se travaillenty its 
travaillent trh-bien, trh-bien!'' He asked La Coste the parti- 
culars of every house, tree, wood, rising ground, &c., with 
which he seemed well informed, holdiilg a map in his left hand, 
and intent upon the action all the day, incessantly taking snuff 

Lattle, on the Sanday, is described as the most feeling that can be imagined. 
The Duke, in displaying tlie purest sympathetic affection, had a fine contrast in ' 
the heroic firmness of the Noble Earl. Editor, • 

• Meaning the Scots Greys. N. B. Col. Cheney of the Greys, on \vhom the 
command of that regiment devolved on the 18th June, in consequence of the 
death of Col. HamUton and the wounds of other officers, had five horses killed 
vnder him; yet, almost by miracle, bimielf escaped unthont a wound. 



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BATTLE OF WATERLOO. 155 

iroin his waistcoat pocket, in large pinches, of which he violently 
snuffed up ^bout half, throwing the other from him, with a violent 
exertion of the arm, and thumb and finger, as if from vexation; 
this was all the refreshment he took for fourteen^ hours : he fre- 
quently placed his left hand upon the back of La Coste's horse to 
speak to the Aide-de-Camp on the other side of him. Seeing 
La Coste flinch at the shower of shot, he replied : " Do not stir, 
my friend, a shot will kill you equally in the back as in the front, 
or wound you more disgracefully." About eight, hearing the 
fire of the Prussians on the right of his rear flank, leaning his 
hand oh the neck of La Costers horse, and seeing the British ca- 
valry, from their right and left flanks, making a tremendous 
charge that would have encircled his personal position, he ex- 
claimed, addressing himself to Bertrand, " // faut que nous 
nous sauvons,*' retreating, with ail his stafi*, about forty yards 
along tiie road ; and within about twenty yards of the house Belle 
Alliance, he halted, and putting the glass to his eye, saw the 
British cavalry, intermingled pele-mele, and furiously cutting the 
French troops to pieces. He exclaimed, " Quils sent terribks 
ces CAevatLJC ChHs ! " (meaning the Scots Greys, which had parti- 
cularly during the day, and at that moment, attracted his atten- 
tion), " II faut nous depicher^ nous depicher'^ They, and aJi the 
cavalry, commenced a gallop, till they got about three leagues 
beyond Charleroi, where they halted, and pitched a tent upon a 
grass-plat, about nine at night. A fire was kindled, and refresh- 
ments placed upon a chair, which. Buonaparte took the first for 
fourteen hours, standing with his back to the fire, with his hands 
generally behind him, conversing withacircle of nine, whose horses 
La Coste had been ordered to hold, till the party, about two in 
the morning, broke up, when each taking his horse, Bertrand 
gave La Coste a Napoleon-d'or, which he exchanged, after a 
twenty-four hours fast, to refresh himself and family. 

" This statement of La Coste contradicts the account of the 
new guard, crying to the old, ' Se sauve qui pent ; that expres- 
sion might easily have changed, in running through the army, 
from the first text, ' // faut que nous twus sauvons' About an 
hour before the rout, Buonaparte exclaimed : * I shall cut them 
to pieces^ yet it is a pity to destroy such brave troops.' 

** The latter part corresponds much with an account I had by 
an ofScer, that accompanied me in this inspection. About an 



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156 Buonaparte's opinions, &c. 

hour before tbe finish, he said an Aide-de-Camp came to the 
Duke of iWellingtoo, telling him that the 5th division was re- 
duced from 4000 to 400, and that their keeping their post was 
wholly inefTectual ; ^ I cannot help it,' said the Chief, ^ they must 
keep tbe ground with myself to the last man. Would to God 
the night or Blucher would come T Near an hour after the fire 
was heard by the British in the rear of Buonaparte's right flank 
— * We will beat them yet,' cried he. The charge was sounded, 
the most dreadful havock commenced, and a victory closed the 
18th day of June, which established a British generalship smd the 
British army as the first in Europe. 

*' On the left of all, the Brunswickers, in a firm square, made 
a breastwork of carnage ; the Scots brigade next. A brigade 
of Hanoverian Landwehr on their right, forming their square 
aukwardly. Colonel Cameron of the 92nd, who was killed after- 
wards, called to them to form as they did, which they obeyed, 
and stood ; the next, a Dutch brigade, by not forming alertly, 
were cut to pieces. ' This battle proved the fact, of what we 
vulgarly call bottom.'' 

Premature Proclamation, dated Lacken, June 17, 1815. 

So confident was Buonaparte of getting to Brussels, that 
several bales of Proclamations were found among his baggage, 
dated from ** Our Palace of Lacken," a rpyal residence near 
that city.. 

Proclamation to the Belgians and Inhabitants of the left Bant 

of the Rhine. 

** The .ephemeral success of my Enemies detached you for a 
moment from my Empire ; in my exile, upon a rock in the sea, 
I heard your complaint; the God of Battles has decided the fate 
of your beautiful provinces ; Napoleon is among you ; you are 
worthy to be Frenchmen ; rise in mass, join my invincible pha- 
lanxes to exterminate the remainder of these barbarians, who are 
your enemies and mine : they fly, with rage and despair in their 
hearts. 

** At the Imperial Palace of Lacken, June 17, 1815. 
(Signed) " NAPOLEON. 

" By the Emperor, 
*' The M^jor-Greneral of the Army, 

" COUNT BERTRAND." 



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llATTLB OP WATEBLOO. 157 



BUONAPARTE AFTER THE BATTLE OF WATERLOO. 

It was on the 20th of June, at nine at night, that the fugitive 
from Waterloo arrived at Paris. He first saw Madame de St. 
Leu (Louis Buonaparte's wife), dien Maret and Regnault de St. 
Jean d'Angely. The following are the details of this interview. 
M. St. Didier was present. 

The ni^t was far advanced. Maret sat in a comer of the 
room, with an alarmed countenance — Regnault stood before a 
table, making pencil-marks on a piece of paper before him — 
Buonaparte walked up and down, biting his nails and taking 
snuff. He stopped all at once — " Where is the Bulletin?" 

Regnault. — ^There it is, corrected. 

Buonaparte. — Let us see. (Regnault began reading it) 

Buonaparte. — (During two-thirds of it,) It was gained. When 
Regnault had finished, he said with a sigh— ^It is lost ! 

Buonaparte. — It is lost, and — my glory with it. 

Regnault. — ^You have fifty victories to oppose to one defeat. 

Maret. — ^The defeat is decisive ; the Emperor is in the right. 

JBuoncipar^tf.'— They are not accustomed to conquer. They 
will abuse the victory. 

Maret. — ^Those whose cowardice Wellington's bravery has 
made triumphant, are more dangerous^ and more your enemies, 
than the English and Prussians. 

Regnault. — ^The republicans will grieve; but they will try. to 
profit by the circumstance. 

Buonaparte,-— They will do well ; at least the glory and liberty 
of the country will remain untouched. If the Royalists succeed, 
it will be by the support of foreigners. 

Maret. — The courage of the Royalists is in the head of Wel- 
lington, and the arm of Blucher. 

Regnault. — What most presses- is, to stop Blucher and Wel- 
lington. 

Maret. — How ? The army exists no more, and Ae frontier is 
uncovered. 

• Regnault. — The frontier is uncovered, biit the army exists ; 
it requires only being rallied. 

Buonaparte. — It will rally itself; we must reorganiee and re- 
pair its losses. 



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158 Buonaparte's opinions, &c« 

MareU — Are you sure of Soultand Grouchy? 

Buonaparte.— Gfovich^ is an honest man, butfeeble. Sonlt has 
given pledges* 

Regnault,—»The army will re-organize ^tself, but the corps are 
incomplete. 

Buonaparte,— h.ssem\Ae the ministers. — I will have the Chun- 
hers know all to-night 

Jlfare^.— Parties will be agitating. 

ite^nau/^— The parties, agitated for a long time, will know 
each other, measure their strength, and make efforts. 

Buonaparte. —&o much the better. The masks will fall off^ 
For the public, I mean. As for me, a long time has Sum- 
mon the ministers. We will make a report — tell the truth. If 
all patriotism and honour are not dead, the Chambers will not 
refuse men and money. 

Maret. — They will speak of sparing water and engines, when 
the house is on fire. 

Regnault, — ^They have stupidly reproached Dictatorship. It 
is now that it will save all! , 

Buonaparte. — I have recommenced a constitutional monarchy 
-^convoke the Minister^. 

Maret. — No Dictatorship. But also no indignities. If v^ 
are attacked, we will defend ourselves. 

Buonaparte.-'Ak ! my Old Guard ! will they defend them- 
selves like thee ? 

They separated !— Maret remained with the Emperor, who, in 
spite of his fatigue, received several visits,' at which I was not 
present. From my window, I saw among the carriages those of 
Cambaceres, Decres, Caulaincourt, and the two Carnots. 

For two days and nights meetings and committees succeed 
each other in the Elys6e Palace, witliout producing any result. 
The Emperor's anxiety seemed to increase. Much business 
seemed to be doing, and yet nothing was determined. The 
time was, however, pressing. The Chambers had assembled, 
and, from the violence of the discussions, it was plain the parties 
stood opposed to each other ; the necessity of an abdication wat 
already spoken of with much freedom, 

I heard the noise of a carriage which suddenly stopped at the 
Palace; it was Prince Lucien's. Napoleon turned pale on 
seeing him ; he went down, however, aAd met his brother ih the 



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BATTLE OF WATERLOO. 159 

garden. The Prince drew the Emperor aside into the closest 
walk in the garden. I followed at a distance \^y turnings which 
I knew, and I arrived behind a thicket of verdure which con- 
cealed me from them. It is probable I heard only the last part 
of their conversation. 

Prince Lucien. — Where is your firmness now? Abandon 
this irresolution. You know the consequence of not having the 
courage to dare. 

The Emperor. — I have dared too much. 

The Prince. — Yes, too much, and too littFe. Dare once again. 
You deliberate when it is proper you should act. Others are 
acting and not deliberating ; they will pronounce yourforfeiture. 

The Emperor — Forfeiture ! Let us see Davoust. 

They returned into the Palace, and the Prince of Eckmuhl 
was sent for. I am not certain what was proposed to him, nor 
what he replied ; but it appeared that he would attempt nothing 
against the independence of the national representation. 

Prince Lucien, much agitated, soon drove off in his carriage. 
I heard him say to his Secretary, " What can I say to you ? The 
smoke of Mont St. Jean has turned his head." 

The Emperor shut himself hermetically in a retired cabinet, 
and did not come out for an hour. He had asked for a jelly and 
coflfee, and a valet-de-chambre sent it into him by a boy, who, 
during his service in the Palace, had beien particularly noticed 
by Napoleon, and of whom he seemed very fond. The boy 
looked seriously at the Emperor, who was sitting motionless, 
with his hands over his eyes. — ** Eat some," said the boy, " it 
will do you good." The Emperor asked — " Are yoii not from 
Gonesse^?" — *^ No, Sire, I come from Pierre Fite." — " And your 
parents have a cottage and some acres there V — " Yes, Sire." 
— ^** That is a happy life !" His head, which he had for a mo- 
ment raised, he then sunk again upon his hands. 

Napoleon soon after returned to his great Cabinet, where he 
found me opening' a dispatch. " Is there any thing new there !" 
said the Emperor. ** It contains a letter addressed to his Ma- 
jesty himself." Buonaparte read what follows : — 

" The chastisement of a hero consists in his fall. Yours is 
resolved on ; and in order that history may consider it as legal 
as your contemporaries will believe it just, the public authority is 
about to pronounce it. Your accomplices will not then have it 



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160 BUONAPARTE*S OPINIONS, &C. 

in their power to describe it as the work of the bayonets of Kd-* 
mucks. You may, however, prevent this. Take to yourself 
the honour of descending from a throne from which you may be 
dragged. This is the advice of a candid enemy, who has often ad- 
mired you, who never feared you ; and who, at the price of his 
blood, would have wished to have had to revere in you, the 
saviour of that world, of which you had been the scourge. That 
enemy cannot leave him whom his genius and the national wilt 
have raised to sovereignty, without saying to him what his 
friends, if any yet remain to him, ought to say — Abdicate" 

" That I should abdicate ?" biting his hps and crushing the 
letter in his hand. " What think you of it?" said he, to two of 
die Ministers, the Duke of Bassano and Regnault St. Jean 
d'Angely, who had just entered — ^the former was silent — ** I 
understand you," said Napoleon, affecting gaiety^ *' you agree 
with the anonymous writer. Well, Count Regnault, what is your 
opinion ?" — " With men and money you might still repel the at^ 
tacks of your assailants ; but without them, what can you do but 
yield ?"— " I am able to resist." — " Public opinion is with the 
Chambers, and it is the opinion of the Chambers, that a sacri- 
fice is required." 

Here General Solignac, Member of the Chamber of Depu^ 
ties, was announced. ** Solignac !" exclaimed the Emperor — ** he 
has not spoke to me these five years, what can he want?" — ^The 
Ministers withdrew, and Solignac was immediately admitted. 

I was not present at the conversation, I shall therefore quote 
the words in which the General has stated it himself: — 

" It was settled ; the Chamber had determined to exclude 
* Napoleon from the throne ; but it was wished to show regard for 
the army in proceedings concerning the person of its Chief, whose 
power and glory the troops had so long been accustomed to 
respect. There was also rieason to fear, that the Decree of its 
forfeiture might be made the pretext of an insurrection. The 
capital might become the scene of serious troubles, and the 
country be involved in a civil war. It appeared necessary, 
therefore,* in order to avoid these evils, that the abdication of 
Napoleon should proceed from himself, and be considered as a 
voluntary act of devotedness for the country. 

" To obtain this object, I employed the means of persuasion 
which appeared to me best calculated for success. After an 



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BATTLE OF WATBRLOO. l6l 

hour and a halfs conversatioo. Napoleon at last yielded to my 
urgent recommendations. He appeared touched with the frank- 
ness and the energy with which I spoke^ while at the same time 
I preserved the respect which was due to his rank, and still more 
to his misfortunes. In a word, I left the Emperor with the 
assurance that he would transmit bis act of abdication, and I 
arrived at the Chamber of Representatives before the forfeiture, 
(which was then under consideration,) became the subject of po- 
sitive decree." 

Respecting a Protection for Buonaparte. 

Head-Quarters, June 28. 

'* Monsieur le Comte. — I have had the honour to receive your 
Excellency's letter of the 26th. I have already written to the 
Commissioners named to treat with the JiMied Powers for Peace, 
upon the propositicm for a suspension of hostilities : a reply 
which your Excellency has seen, and to which I have nothing to 
add. As to what regards a passport and protection for Na- 
poleon Buonapart6 to go to the United States of America, I must 
inform your Excellency, that I have no authority from my 
Government to give any sort of answer whatever to that demand. 
I have the honour to be, Mons. le Comte, with the highest consi- 
deration, your obedient servant, 

(Signed) " WELLINGTON." 

To Count Bignon* 

Napoleon arrived at Rochefort, July 3, and resided at the 
Prefect's house until the 8th, when he embarked in a boat; on 
the 9th he landed on the Isle of Aix ; 10th, he was fearful, from 
the English cruizers, to put to sea ; on the following day he sent 
eflag of truce to the Bellerophon; llth, he heard of the disso- 
lution of the Chambers at Paris, and entrance of the King ; 
12th, landed his suite, and baggage at the Isle of Aix ; 13th and , 
14th, went on board the Epervier, thinking an escape hazardous, 
and on the other hand fearing arrest. On July 15di, at day- 
break, Buonapart6 came on board the Bellerophon at Rochefort; 
Csqptain Maitland dispatched a frigate to England with the in- 
telligence of his surrender ; and the ofBcer who brought this 
news, was also the bearer of the following letter, written by 
Napoleon to the Prince Regent : 

m 



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162 Buonaparte's opinions, &c. 



Copy of Buonapartes Letter to his Royal Hifkness the Princ€ 
Regent ; forwarded to England by General Oourgaud^ in the 
Slaney^ on the \^tk o/* Jnly. 

Rochefort, JSJuillet, 181$. 

^' Aitesse Royale, 
** En butte aox factions qui dirisent mon pays, et it rinimiti^ 
des plus grandes Puissances de FEurope, j'ai termini ma carriers 
politique; et je viens, comme Themistocle, m'asseoir sur les 
foyers du peuple Biitannique* Je me mets sous la protection 
de ses lois ; que je reclame de V. A. R. comme le plus puissant, 
le plus constant, et le plus g^n^reux de mes ennemis. 

"NAPOLEON." 

'* Your Royal Highness, ^ 

" Exposed to the factions which divide my country, emA to tk 
enmity of tfce greatest Powers of Edrope, 1 have terminated my 
political career, and I come, like Themistoeles, to throw myself 
upon tfie hospitality (m'asseoir snr fe«/oy«r^^of tile British nation. 
I place myself under the protection of its laws, which (protec- 
tion) I claim froift your Royal Highness, as the most powerflil, 
the most constant, and tlie most generous of my ewMnies,. 

« Rochefort, ISth July, 1815.'' " NAPOLEON." 

When Napoleon first boarded the Bellerophon, he said f» 
Captain Mattiand : ' I am come to claim the protectioii of your 
Prince «md Country,' and sk^rdy after said with his usual quick- 
ness : * Come, C^qptain Maitland, suppose we walk over yonr 
ship.' To this the Captain replied, by saying, that the decks 
were then wa&hij^, and tbtt tiie ship was consequentiy not in t 
$tate to be inspected ; that ke had better wait an hour or so, &Ck 
To this Buonaparte rejoined, ^ No, no, Captain MaiUand, let as 
go now; I have been accustomed to wet and dry, and confusion, ' 
&c. for upwards of twenty years, and I must see her in her pre* 
sent state.' He did so^ and inspected her with all the alacrity^ 
minuteness, and curiosity, so characteristic of him, walking seve- 
ral times over the ship ; after this, he expressed himself highly 
delighted with the admirable economy of a Britidi man-of-wiur. 
One day, addressing an old marine he asked him ^ how long be 



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BATTLE OF WA.TERtOO. l63 

bad ierved V The reply wa«, ' sixteen yeare/— ' Where are 
your marks of distinction then V — * I have none/ answered the 
maHne. Buonaparte shnigg^ed tip his shoulders^ and retired. 

The Bellerophon arrived in Torbay on the 24th of July, with 
Buonaparte, and his suite, ccmsisting of 50 persons, on board. 
On the 26th^ she arrived in Plymouth Sound, and cast anchor. 

On the voyage from Rochefort, the officers and crew of the 
Bellerophon seem to have treated Buonapart^^ who was at times 
unwell and in bad spirits^x^ith all the respect they would have- 
shown to a reigning Sovereign ; and although, on his arrival at 
Plymouth, orders were issued by the British Governiiient to con- 
sider and treat him merely as a General — (" By your King, I 
have been acknowledged First Consul of France, and by all others 
as Emperor")— it appears these orders were but indifierently 
att^ided to^ so much had be ingratiated himself with all on board ~ 
during his short voyage. The following letters will give an idea 
of the curiosity and bustle excited at Plymouth, by the presence 
of this man : — 

Plymmth, July 29fA, 1815. 

'^ Yesterday the curiosity of thousands was gratified by the 
most ample view of the £x-£mperor. There were at 4 p« M. , 
upwards of 1000 boats in the Sound. The scene at this time 
beggared all description. The. guard-boats, strongly manned, 
dashed through the water, running against every boat tiiat hap*^ 
pened to be too near. The centineb of the Bellerophon, and of 
the guard-frigates, the Eurotas and Liffey, were every moment 
presenting their pieces to intimidate the curious multitude. At 
last a movement was observed on board the Bellerophon—- the 
seamen were seen pressing to the forecastle, the booms became 
covered^ and, with unsatiated curiosity, they pressed so closely 
on the centinels, that they were obliged to clear the gangways* 
The marines were now also noticed on the poop, and the officers 
and seamen, by a simultaneous movement uncovered, without 
orders. A moment after, to gratify the people in the boats, as 
well as to view the sublime spectacle before him, the object of 
boundless cariosity advanced to the starboard gangway: the 
mass of boats endeavoured to precipitate theniselves on thei ship 
— the guard-boats dashed furiously through the water---some 
boats were struck — persons overturned into the sea— tlie centi- 



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164 i^UONAPARTE^S OPINIONS, 8L€. 

nek presented their pieces : — all Id vain ; the force was over- 
whehning-^screams and curses were alternately beard— the next 
moii)ient all was calm^-the Emperor was bowing to the muUi* 
tade — ^he stood before them six or seven minutes, and retired for 
a short timer In this manner was the time spent during the 
whole of Friday, till eight in the evening. Buonaparte cer- 
tainly is endeavouring to gratify the spectators as much as pos- 
sible. Hitherto none have boarded the ship but Lord Keith, 
and Mr. Penn, the pilot, of Cawsand. The time when Buona- 
parte is most seen, is from three o'clock until eight P. M. The 
boats get near enough to view his features distinctly, and even ta 
bear him speak. On Friday, Gen. Brown was along-side, and 
was pointed out to him by an Officer. Buonaparte instantly 
addressed him in a complimentary manner, in French, which wa» 
answered by the General. On Thursday, Sir R. Strachan wa» 
^o pointed out to him, and he bowed to Sir Bichard most cour- 
teously, which was returned, 

'* Plymouth, July Z\. 

** The boats get within thirty yards of the Bellerophon, an<I 
Buonaparte is seen at the gangway for twenty miiiutes at a time • 
He always leaves the cabin, and walks to the quarter-deck and^ 
gangway, while the cloth is laying for dinner* 

** I observed his person particularly, and can describe him 
thus :— He is about five feet seven inches In height, very strongly 
made and well proportioned; very broad and deep ehest; leg» 
and thighs proportioned with great symmetry and strength ; ar 
small, round, and handsome foot. His countenance is sallow, 
and, as it were, deeply tinged by hot climates ; but the most com- 
manding air I ever saw. tiis eyes grey, and the most piercing 
that you can imagine. His glance, you iancy, searches into your 
inmost thoughts. His hair dark brown, and no appearance of 
grey. His features are handsome now, and, when younger, he 
must have been a very handsome man. He his rather fat, and 
his belly protuberant; but he appears active notwithstanding. 
His step and demeanour altogether commanding. He looks 
about forty-five or forty-six years of age. In fact, he is very 
like the picture exhibited of him. He is extremely curious, and 
never passes any thing remarkable in the ship, without inquiring^ 
minutely about it. He abo stops and asks the officers divers ques- 



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BATTLE or WATERLOO. l65 

tions relative to tbe time Ijiey have been in the service^ what 
actions, &c. ; and he caused all of ns to be introduced to him the 
first day he came on board. He has asked several questions about 
the marines, particularly those who appeared to have been some 
time in the service, and about the warrant^ofiBcers, midshipmen, 
seamen, &c. He was but a very short time on board, when he 
asked that the boatswain might be introduced, in order that he 
ni%ht look at him, and was irery inquisitive as to the natureof 
his duty. He dresses in green uniform, with red facings, and 
edged with red, two plain gold epi^ulets, the lappels of the coat 
cut round and turned back, white waistcoat and breeches, with 
military boots and spurs, the Grand Cross of the Legion of 
Honour on his left breast. He professes his intention (if he is 
aUowed to reside in England) to adopt the English customs and 
manners, and declares that he will never meddle with politics any 
more. The army which left Paris, and united with others on the 
Loire, wanted hun to join them and resume his title, which he 
refused to do. He declares that not another ^ goutte de sfm^ 
shall be shed on his account. Fortunate indeed it would have . 
been, if he really had been of this opinion some years back !'^ 

Buonaparte continued in the Bellerophon till Monday the 7th of 
August, when he was transferred to the Northumberland man-o& 
war, which, under the command of Admiral Sir George^ Cockf 
bum, was appointed to convey him to St. Helena, 

Sir Henry Bunbury, accompanied by the Hon. Mr. Balhurst, 
charged vritli the communication of die determination of Govern-* 
ment to Buonaparte, were conveyed on board the Belierophon by 
Lord Keith's yacht« Sir Henry was introduced to the ExrEm-r 
peror; and, after mutual salutations, he read tQ him the resoiu* 
tion of the Cabinet, by which he viras informed of his intended 
transportation to the Island of St Helena, with four of his 
friends, to be chosen by himself, and twelve domestics. Ho 
received this intimation without any mark of surpriae, as he said 
be had been apprised of the determinations i but he protested 
against it in the most emphatio manner ; and, in a speech of 
three quarters of an hour, delivered vnth great coolness, seift 
possession, and ability, reasoned against the putrageous proceed* 
ing. He recapitulated the circumstances under which he had 
been forced, he said, by the breach of the treaty made witii hini 



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166 Buonaparte's opinions, 8cc. 

by tlie Sovereigns of Europe, to quit the Island of Elba — ^bat 
he had exerted himself to prevent the renewal of hostilitiea — 
but that when they became unavoidable, and that the fortune of 
war had decided> against him, he yielded to the voice of his ene- 
mies ; and as they had declared in the face of the world that it 
was against him only that they had taken up arms, he abdicated 
the Imperial Crown of France, in the full confidence that the 
Allies wonld be faithful to their solemn declaration, and leave hb 
country to the settlement of their own affairs; then, unarmed^ 
wd with the view of seeking an asylum as a private individual 
in England, hQ had first sought to be received under the King's 
allegiance, and under the protection of our laws, and had finally 
vbluntaiily put himself into the British power. In this pr^Uca- 
ment, he felt himself entitled to protest against the measure now 
announced to him, and in a long argument, in which he showed 
himself to be well versed in our laws, he reasoned against the act. 
Sir H. Bunbury and Mr. Bathurst say, that bis manner was 
temperate, his langu^^ge eloquent, and that he conducted himself 
throughout in the most prepossessing way. The account they 
give of his persuasive manner, is, we understand, highly inter- 
esting. Sir Henry answered to his discourse, that he had no 
conmusdon, but to make known to him the resolution of his Ma- . 
jesty's Ministers — but said, that he should faithfully report the 
•reasons that he had stated against the proceeding. 

Before the Northumberland sailed, a yacht or large boat, with 
several gentlemen of the Pay^-Office, had arrived to pay the ahip, 
who, availing themselves of the opportunity presented by the 
folding doors of the cabin being open, beheld, to their surprise^ 
Buonaparte playing at vingt-^yn with his companions as cheer* 
fully as if nothing had happened to him. When Sir G. Cockbum 
saw Buonaparte for the first time, he simply pulled off his hat, 
in the same manner as he would have done to another Genen3» 
and said: — ^^ How do you do, General Buonaparte r' which was 
returned by him in a manner equally laconic, but with his head 
uncovered. Every thing was so well conducted in this removal, 
that the greatest order prevailed, and so little was it known at 
Torbay, off which place it occurred, that very few boats were 
present to. witness it. The Northumberland has part of the 
military on board, and is full of stores and baggage. The cabin . 



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BATTlB OF WilTERLOO. l67 

is neatly fitted up, and the after-part divided in the cei^re, for 
sleeping, one side of which is occupied by Buonaparte, and the 
other by Sir George Cockbum. 

Liberty having been afforded to Buonapart6 and his compa- 
nions to procure from England any articles of luxiury or accom- 
modation they may desire, they have sent frequently ashore, and 
having purchased a billiard^table, wines of the most costly de- 
scription, an immense quantity of playing-cards, chessmen^ ficc. 
and the best books procurable in the English language, (the Ex-^ 
Emperor having suddenly grown exceeding fond of that lan- 
guage !) Buonaparte Solicited Mr. (yMeara, Surgeon of the Bel- 
lerophon^ to attend him in the same capacity, which Lord Keith 
has consented to do, and an exchange between the Bellerdpbon 
and the Northumberland was in consequence speedily effected. 
Buonaparte endeavoured to make him forget his duty, even at 
the commencement^ by offering a salary of 500/. per annum ; 
but this Gentleman rejected the overture, and said, that the pay 
of his King was enough to satisfy him ) 

The Northumberland sailed from Portsmouth on Friday^ Aug. 4, 
and on nearing Torbay on Sunday, Aug. 6, perceived two line-of- 
battle ships approaching her, which proved to be the Bellerophon, 
with Buonaparte on board, and the Tonnanl with Lord Keith* 
In a few hours the Northumberland hailed them, and asked after 
Buonaparte, who, she was informed, had not come out of his 
cabin for some days. The ships came to anchor in Torbay. 

General Bertrand went first on board the Tonnant, where he 
dined with Lord Keith and Sir G. Cockbum. He is a man of 
about fifty years of age, and extremely well behaved. At dinner. 
Sir George gave him a general explanation df his instructions 
with respect to Buonaparte; one of which was, that his baggage 
must be inspected before it was received on board the Northumber* 
land. Bertrand expressedhis opinion strongly against the measure 
of sending the Emperor (as he and all the suite constantly styled 
him) to St. Helena, when his wish and expectation was to live 
quietly in England, under the protection of the English laws. 
Lord Keith and Sir George Cockbum did not enter into any dis- 
cussion on the subject. Aft;er dinner. Lord Keith and Sir G. 
Cockbum, accompanied by Bertrand, went in the Admiral's yacht 
towards the Bellerophon. Previously to flieir arrival, Buona- 
parte's arms and pistols were taken ftom him — not without consi- 

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168 BUONAPAETK^S OPINIONS^ 8lc, 

derable altercation and objections on the part of the R^ncb 
Officers. 

Those who were not to accompuiy hun» were sent on board 
the Eorotas frigate. They expressed great reluctance at the 
separation, particularly the Polish officers. Bucmapart^ took 
leave of them individnally. A Colonel Pistowski, a Pole, was 
peculiarly desirous of accompanying him* He had receiyed 17 
wounds in the service of Buonaparte, and said be would serve 
him in any capacity, however menial, if he could be allowed to 
go with him to St Helena. The orders for sending off the Polish 
Lancers were peremptory, and he was removed to the Eurotas. 
Savary and Lallemand, however, were not among those sent on 
board the firigate — they were left in the Bellerophop. 

When Lord Keith and Sir George Cockbum went on board the 
Belleropfaon; on Sunday a^moon, Aug. 6, Buonaparte was upon 
deck to receive them, dressed in a green coat with red facing^, 
two epaulets, white waistcoat and breeches, silk stockings, the 
star of the Legion of Honour, and chapeau bra$, with th^ three- 
coloured cockade. His face is remarkably plump, and his head 
rather bald on the top. After the usual salutations. Lord Keith^ 
addressing himself to Buonaparte, acquainted him with his in- 
tonded transfer from .the Bellerophon to the Northumberland. 
Buonaparte imniediately protested witii great vehem^ice against 
this act of the British . Government — he did not expect it — he 
did not conceive that any objection could be made to his residing 
in JBngland quietly, for the remainder of his life. No answer was 
returned by either Lord Keith, or Sir 6. Cockbum. A British 
o$cer, who stood near, observed to him, that if he had not been 
sent to St. Helena, he would have been delivered up to the Em- 
peror of Russia. 

Buonaparte— ^' Dieu me garde dee Russee!'* (God keep me 
from the Bussians.) In making this reply, he looked at General 
Bertrand, and shrugged up his shoulders. 

Sir 6. Cockbum — '* At what hour to-morrow morning shall I 
come. General, and receive you on board the Northumberland I " 

Buonaparte, with some surprise at being styled merely Genmd— 
"At ten o'clock." 

Bertrand, Madame Bertrand, Savary, Lallemand, Count and 
Countess Montholon, were standing near Buonaparte. Sir G. 
Cockbum asked him if he wanted any thing before they put to 



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BATTLE OF WATERLOO. IflQ 

aea^ Bertrand replied, fifty packs of cards^ a backgammon and 
domino table, and Madame Bertrand desired to have some arti- 
cles of furniture ; which, it was said, should be furnished forth- 
with. 

An officer who stood near him, said — ** You would have been 
taken, if you had remained at Rochefort another . hour, and sent 
off to Paris." Buonapart6 turned his eye upon the speaker— 
but did not speak a word. He next addressed Sir G. Cockbum^ 
and asked several questions about St. Helena. " Is there any 
hunting or shooting there? — where am I to reside? '' He then 
abruptly changed the subject, and burst into more invectives 
against the Government, to which no answer was returned. He 
then expressed some indignation at being styled General"— saying, 
** You have sent ambassadors to me ad a Sovereign Potentate — 
you have acknowledged me as First Consul.'' — He took a great 
deal of snuff whilst speaking. After reminding him, that the 
Northumberland's barge would come for him at ten on Monday 
morning, Lord Keith and Sir G. Cockbum retired. 

Early on Monday morning. Sir George Cockbum went on 
board th^ Bellerophon, to supeHntend the inspection of Buona- 
parte's baggage : it consisted of two services of plate^ several 
articles in gold, a superb toilet of plate, books, beds, &c. They 
found but 4000 gold Napoleons, and these were sealed up 
and detained. They were all sent on board the Northumberland 
about eleven o'clock. At half past eleven o'clock. Lord ^eith^ 
in the barge of the Tonnant, went on board the Bellerophon, to 
receive Buonaparte, and those who were to accompany him. 
Buomqpiarte, before their arrival and afterwards, addressed him- 
self to Captain Maitland and the officers of the Bellerophon* 
After descending the ladder into the barge, he pulled off his hat 
to them again. Lord Keith received in the barge the following 
personages : — ^Buonapart6, General Bertrand and Madame Ber- 
trand, with their children ; Count and Countess Montholon and 
chfld; Count Las Cassas,* General Gourgaud; nine men and 
three women servants. Buonaparte's surgeon refused to accom- 
pany him ; upon which the surgeon of the Bellerophon offered to 
supply his place. Buonaparte was this day dressed in a cockied 

* This person is stated to have been long resident in England. 



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I 170 BUONAPARTE^S OPINIONS, &C. 

bat much worn, with a tri-coloured cockade ; his coat was bat- 
toDed close round him — a plain green one with a red coUar ; be 
had three orders — two crosses, and a large silver star, with the 
inscription Honneur et Patrie ; white breeches, silk stockings, 
and gold buckles. 

About twelve o'clock the Tonnanf s barge reached the Nor- . 
thumberland. Bertrasd stepped first upon deck, Buonaparte 
next, mounting the side of the ship with the activity of a seaman. 
The marines were drawn out and received him, but merely as a 
General, presenting arms to him. He pulled off his hat. As 
8oon as he was upon deck, he said to Sir George Cockburn — 
" Je suis d vos ordres.*' He bowed to Lord Lowther and Mr. 
Lyttleton, who were near the Admiral, and spoke to them a few 
words, to which they replied. To an oflScer, he said, '* Dans 
quel corps servez-vousr (In what corps do you serve ?) — The 
officer replied, " In the Artillery.'' Buonaparte immediately 
rejoined, " Je sors de ce service moi-rnime*** (I was originally 
in that service myself.) After taking leave of the officers who 
had accompanied him from the Bellerophon^ and embracing the 
nephew of Josephine, who was not going to St. Helena, he went 
into the after-cabin, where, besides his principal companions, 
were assembled Lord Keith, Sir G. Cockburn, Lord Lowther, 
the Honourable Mr. Lyttleton, &c. 

Bertrand asked what we should have done, had we taken 
Buonaparte at sea J — As we are doing now, was the reply. 

Lord Lowther and the Honourable Mr. Lyttleton now entered 
into very earnest conversation with him, which continued for 
two hours. As he was very communicative, and seemed desirous 
of a very free conversation with these two young gentlemen, 
they availed themselves of the opportunity, alxi entered into a 
review of much of his conduct. We understand, that they asked 
him how he came to commit the impolicy of attacking Spain — ^thc 
motives for the Berlin and Milan decrees — the war against Russia 
— ^the refusal of the terms of peace oflered him before the first 
Capture of Paris, &c. To all these questions, we hear, he gave 
full answers, not avoiding, but rather encouraging the discussion. 

His cabin in the Northumberland is fitted up with the greatest 
elegance. His bed is peculiarly handsome, and the linen upon 
it very fine. His toilet is of silver. Among other articles upon 



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BATTLE Oy WATERLOO. ' 171 

it is a magnifioent snaff-box, upon whick is embossed in gold, an 
eagle with a crown flying from Elba to the coast of France^^ 
the Eagle just seeing the coast of France, and the respectiye di»* 
tanceSy are admirably executed. 

The following are a few passages of the conversation which 
Lord Lowther and Mr. Lyttleton had with Buonaparte, when 
he was transhipped from the Bellerophon to the Northumberland. 

Buonaparte, whilst remonstrating against his detention, said, 
" You do not know my character. You ought to have placed 
confidence in my word of honour." 

One of tlie Gentlemen said—** Shall I speak the plain truth 
to you r 

Buonaparte. — ** Speak it.** 

• — ^ " I must then tell you, that since your invasion of Spain, 
no Englishman could put trust even in your most solemn en- 
gagements." 

B. — *' I was caUed to Spain by Charles IV. to assist him 
against his son." 

*' No— according to my opinion, to place King Joseph 

on the throne." . 

B.— ** I had a grand political system. It was necessary to 
establish a counterpoise to your enormous power on the sea ; 
and, besides, that was only what had been done by the Bour- 
bons," or words to that effect. 

— ^ — " It must be confessed, however, General, that France 
under your sceptre was much more to be feared than during the 
latter years of Louis XIV.'s reign. She was also agg^ran** 
dized," &c. 

B. — ** England on her part had become more powerftil. Here 
he referred to our Colonies, and particularly to our acquisitions 
in India* 

" Many well-informed men are of opinion that England 

loses more than she gains, by the possession of that overgrown 
and remote Empire." 

B. — ^* I wished to revive Spain ; to do much of that which 
the Cortes afterwards attempted to do." 

He was then recalled to the main point, and reminded of 
the character of the transaction by which be obtamed possession 
of the Spanish Crown ; to i^hich he made no answer, but took 



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172 Buonaparte's opinions, &c. 

a new line of argument on the subject of his detention, and after 
much discussion, concluded by saying—" Well, I have been de- 
ceived in relying upon your generosity. Replace me in the po- 
sition from which you took me," (or words to that effect.) 

Specdung of his invasion of France, he said with great vehe- 
mence — " I was then a Sovereign. I had a right to make war. 
The King of France had not kept his promises." 

He afterwards said exultingly, and laughing and shaking his 
head—" I made war on the King of France with 600 men." 

He said, that, in confining him as we did, we were " actings 
like a little aristocratic power, and not a great free people." 

Of Mr. Fox he said, he knew hi|n, and had seen him at the 
Thuilleries — " He had not your prejudices." 

" Mr. Fox, General, was a zealous patriot with reg^ard ta 

his own county, and besides a citizen of the world." 

B. — " He sincerely wished for peace, and I wished for it akou 
His death prevented the conclusion of peace. The others were 
hot sincere." 

At one time he observed—" I do not say that I have not for 
twenty years endeavoured to ruin England ; and then, as if cor- 
recting himself for having inadvertently said more than was pru- 
dent — " that is to say, to lower you— I wished to force you to be 
just— at least less unjust." 

He was asked his opinion of the British infantry I 

B. — " Long wars make good soldiers — the cavalry of both 
nations," he said, " was excellent— our artillery had derived much 
improvement from the French." 

Of the Duke of Wellington he seemed at this time to avoid 
giving any opinion. 

To a question about Louis XVHL 

B, — " He is a good sort of man, too fond of the table and 
pretty sayings. He b not calculated for the French. The 
Duchess of Angouleme is the only nuan in the family^ The 
French must have such a man as myself." 

He broke out into some invectives against the conduct of the 
Allies ; called it perfidious', treacherous. 

Touching upon St. Helena, he seemed not only indignantj,J)ut 
surprised at being sent there. 

B.— " I would have given my word of honour to have remained 



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^ATtLH OF WAtEIlLOO. 173 

quiet, and to have held no political correspondence in England. 
I would have pledged myself not to quit the place assigned me, 
but to live as a simple individual/' 

** That seeniis to be next to impossible ; for though you 

have had great reverses, you could never so far forget what you 
had been as to conceive yourself to be, or conduct yourself as a 
simple individual." 

B. — " But why not let me remain in England upon my parole 
of honour?" 

" You forget that some hundreds of French officers vio- 
lated their parole of honour, and that not only you did not express 
smy indignation ag^nst them, but received them with particular 
distinction — Lefebvre Desnouettes for instance ! " 

Buonaparte made no remark upon this. 

Of the Prince Regent he spoke in the highest terms, adding, 
that he was the only Sovereign in Europe that had been con- 
sistent, constant, and vigorous ; that it was he who had been 
the real cause of defeating all his designs, and destroying his 
power. 

Letter from Captain Paget. 

" I have been some hours in Buonaparte's con^any, and have 
had convei^ation with him. He says, never was a battle so se- 
verely contested as that of Waterloo. His troops knew and felt, 
that diey never had more to gain, or more to lose, than at that 
time; and never had they fought harder, and they were only 
overcome by the superiority of Bntish intrepidity. He was asto- 
nished at the firmness with which his charges were received and 
' repulsed by our troops: he spoke highly of our cavalry, and 
acknowledged that if the Earl of Uxbridge had not been wound- 
ed, he would have been the Earl's prisoner in two minutes ; and 
he feels no hesitation in saying, that the Duke of Wellington 
was a better General than himself. I mention this circumstance, 
because in his voyage to Elba, when it was remarked that the 
Duke was the best General of the age, he answered : *' We have 
never met yet" 



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174 buonapabtb's opinions^ 8cc. 



Translation of the Protest presented by Buonaparte to Lord 
Keith, against his transportation to St. Helena. 

** I protest solemnly^ in. the face of Heaven and of men, 
against the violation of my most sacred rights, by the forcible 
disposal of my person, and of my liberty. I came freely on 
board the Bellerophon ; I am not the prisoner, I am the guest 
of England. 

'' Once s'es^ted on board the Bellerophon, I was immediately 
entitled to the hospitahty (je fus sur le foyer) of the British 
people. If the Government, by giving orders to the Captain of 
the Bellerophon to receive me and my suite, intended merely to 
lay a snare for me, it has forfeited its honour and sullied its flag. 

** If this act be consummated, it will be in vain that the Eng- 
lish will talk to Europe of their integrity, of their Uws^ of their 
liberty. The British iaith will be lost, in the hospitality of the 
Bellerophon. 

'' I appeal therefore to history ; it will say, that an Enemy 
who made war for twenty years on the people of England^ came 
freely, in his misfortune, to seek an asylum mider its laws. What 
more striking proof could he give of his esteem and of his con- 
fidence ? But how did they answer it in England ? They pre- 
tended to hold out an hospitable hand to this Enemy, and when 
he surrendered himself to them in good faith, they sacrificed hinu 
" On hoard the Bellerophon^ at Sea*' 

- NAPOLEON.'' 

His Majesty's ship Northumberland^ lat. 34 S3, long. 13. 45. 

August the 22d, 1815. 

" Conversing one day about the siege of St Jean d'Acre, 
Buonaparte observed, '* that when Sir Sidney Smith was t^iere 
he distributed several proclamations among the French troops, 
which made them waver a little" In order to obviate this, he 
published an Order, in which he *' asserted that the English 
Commodore was mad" and it concluded with prohibiting all 
communication with him. This, he added, *' had the desired 
effect, and so enraged Sir Sidney, that he sent him a challenge 



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BATTL* OF WATERLOO. 173 

to sittgle combat^ whidi was declined," and Napoleon returmng 
at the dam« time for mAvrtr, that " when he brought tbe Dake 
of Marlborough to meet him, he would accept it." He stated 
most positivelyy ^* that he would thm have taken Acre, if the 
Knglifth had not tak&n his battering train," and added, in Eng- 
lish and French : '' Had it not been for you English, I would 
have been Emperor of. the East; but wherever a ship could get, 
^I was always sure to find some of the English to oppose me>" 

** He spoke of the invasion of England as his first determina- 
tion, and said that he intended to have landed as near Chiatham 
as possible, and to have dashed at once for London, He, ad- 
mitted the great probability of his not succeeding, aud that he 
might have been killed in the attempt. That this scheme was 
not put into efiRect, he says, was owing to Admiral Villeneuve not 
obeying the orders he received* He was particularly inquisi- 
tive as to die clii&ate of England, and said that the cause of so 
many suicides was the humidftess of liie atmosphere. 

** The anxiety of the English to see him when on board tba 
Belleropiion, flattered his vanity in the extreme ; and he would 
frequently stand at the gangway purposely to afford the gapiiig 
and wondering multitude an opportunity of beholding his person. 
At this time he bad invariably a spy-glass iu his hand, which he 
frequently used in observing the spectators^ 

** He appeared greatly pleased with the beauty of our fair 
countrywomen, and was always wishing to kuow their loames, 
fiuniliBB, and any circuauitaiice that could be communicated to 
kim concerning them. 

** Buonaparte gives great credit to our infantry aJid our arlil- 
lery,. He said, ** the British infantry is now what the French 
was ten years back, and that tlie cavalry is greatly inferior to the 
infaatry in every thing but appearance." He found great fault 
irith the construction of the bits, which he says " are so bad that 
the men cannot manage their horses." Bertrand and the others 
assented to the truth of this observation. 

" One day Buonaparte was speaking of the Duke of Wellmg- 
ton, and observed, ** he did not expect he would have given 
him battle, but that he would have retreated, and waited for the 
Bussians and other reinforcements, in which case, he says, he 
must have been finally beatea; but that be was extremely happy 



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176 Buonaparte's opinions, &c. 

to find Lord Wellington did not decline the combat,^ adding^ 
that ** he made quite certain of obtaining the victory/* He 
also said, ** that he knew of the advance of the Prussians, but 
that he did not regard it of much consequence ;. and that he was 
betrayed by some of his Generals." He further said, '' tliat the 
universal consternation among his troops taking place at a time 
of darkness, ^ he was not able to rally the fugitives by showing 
his person to them, which he is convinced would have effectually 
restored order had it been day-light ; but that,- in consequence of 
its being dark, he was borne away by the crowd, and chliged ta 
fly himself." 

** On being asked why he had not given himself up to Austria? 
He replied, ** What, give myself up to a nation without laws,, 
honour, or faith ! No : the moment I had got there, I riiould 
have been put into a dungeon, and never heard of more. In 
giving myself up to the English, I have given myself up to a 
nation with honourable and just laws, idiich afford protection to 
every person." 

** One day he observed, he ** ought to have died the day he 
entered Moscow, as ever since he had experienced a continual 
series of disasters." He further observed, he " would have 
made peace at Dresden, and also afterwards, if it had not been 
for the advice of the Duke of Bassano, who persuaded hint 
against it." * 

^' The invasion of Spain, Buonaparte says, he undertook at 
the special desire of Talleyrand, who was continually urging him 
to that measure, invariably pointing out the absolute necessity of 
its being undertaken, and, if possible, accomphahed at all hasards. 

*' It is astonishing the detestation in which Fouch^ is held by 
Buonapart6 and all his followers, who never mention his name 
but with the greatest contempt ; and they say, " it was entirely 
owing to this Creature that Buonaparte abdicated in favour of 
his Son ; and that be was continually carrying on a clandestine 
correspondence with the Allies." 

The respect that is still paid to Buonaparte* by his suite is 
very great ; as an instance, I shall mention that he was one day 



* This strongly confirms tlie statement in the recent publication of M. 
Pradt, Archbishop of Bf alines, and Ambassador at Warsaw. 



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BATTLE OF WATERLOO. 177 

playing at chess with Montholon, who is by far the best player 
of the two. Buonaparte had evidently the worst of the game» 
when Montholon made purposely an improper movement, which 
was speedily observed by the former, and he ultimately was the 
victor. Montholon praised the superior skill of his Master, (as 
he termed him), and declared himself, '' not competent to en- 
counter such a player again ;" at which Buonaparte was highly 
pleased. At this game, or Vingt-un, Buonaparte generally 
passes his time ; but was much hurt when the Admiral insisted 
that neither of these games, nor any other, should be played on 
Sundays. 

" He has been very inquisitive as to the climate, &c. of St* 
Helena, and declares that he shall be more comfortable there 
than in Austria. Temperance, he says, is the only means of 
preserving health, and adds, that he never was ill but twice in 
his life, and on one of those occasions only applied a blister. 
Montholon's wife had been unwell, and he inquired of the sur*- 
geon how she was. He said, rather better, but that he thought 
the fear of the tropical climates preyed on her mind. Buona- 
parte replied, nearly in the words of Shakespeare, '' Doctor, 
thou cannot administer to a mind diseased." The force with 
. which this remark was made, was observed by every one near, 
and apparently related to his own feelings. 
. ** Bertrand and his wife are continually with Buonaparte, and 
the whole are more reconciled to their future destiny. 

** Sir George Cockbum and Buonaparte are on excellent 
terms, as he is, indeed, with all the officers of the ship ; they fre- 
quently play at cards, &c. in which, occasionally, they have the 
advantage of each other. 

" Hitherto our passage has been very favourable, and no par- 
ticular occurrence has taken place since we sailed from Torbay." 

By dispatches which arrived in London, December 4, leaving 
St. Helena Oct. 23, we learn that Buonaparte landed there on 
the 17th of Oct 1815. 



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EXPLANATION 

OF THE 

SKETCH OF THE OPERATIONS 

IN THE 

€ampaiqn of tbt 0n'bttUp^^, 1815. 



On the 15th of June, the French attacked the Prussians upon the 
Sambre, towards Thnin, A. They repulsed them, and passed the Sambre 
to.Charleroi, B, and to Marchienne-au-Pont, C; they took Charleroi, B, 
the Prussians, commanded by General' Ziethen, retreated Ivith precipi- 
tation through Gosseiies, D, upon Fleunis, E ; they concentrated at 
Sombref, F ; they occupied the villages, viz. of Ligny, 1, Saint Amaud, 
2, and Bry, 3, situated in front of their position. The English Army 
united again at Nivelles, G. The French attacked a brigade of the 
Belgic Army at Frasnes, H, and obliged them to retreat upon Quatre 
Bras, I. 

June 16th, the Belgians recovered their lost ground; but Lord 
IVellington caused his army to retrograde in the morning to take their 
position at Quatre Bras, I. Battle of Ligny. The left of the French is 
in advance to Frasnes, H, and towards Quatre Bras^ I ; the centre at 
Ligny, I, and the right towards Sombref, F. The English and the 
Prussians were attacked at the same time. Marshal Blucher being over- 
come, retreats upon Tilly, J, and marches all night to arrive at Wavre, 
K, where they concentrated. 

June 17th, General Thielmann retreated to Sombref, F, upon 
Gembloui, L, where he joined the fourth Prussian corps, of which a part 
marched towards Mont Saint Guibcrt, M. The French following up their 
success ; one part of the army pursue the Prussians, the other marched 
against Lord Wellington, who retreated to Quatre Bras, I, upon Ge- 
nappe, N, and from thence to Waterloo, O, where he took bis position, 
supported by the forest of Soignies, and the cavaLry on the roads to Brus- 
sels and Nivelles, G ; his right extended to Merke-Brai^e, P, and hb left 
towards .Ter-la-Haye, Q, communicating with Wavre, K, by Chain, R. 
The ravines, and the farms of Hougomont, S, and of La Haye Sainte^ 
T, covered the wings of the English army, whose centre rested on the 
plains of Mont St, Jean, U. The bivouacks were estabtished near the 
observatory, V. 

June IBtb, the French attacked the English position, and com- 
menced the tire at Hougomont, S, by which they got possession also 
of La Haye Sainte, T. The centre of the Enghsh army, occupying in 
force the iieights of Mont Saint Jean, U, is vigorously attacked. Plan- 
chenoit, W, and the farm of La Belle Alliance, X, are occupied by the 
French ; it was towards this point that Bulow directed himself, at the 
same time that iVlardhal Blucher bore down upon Chain, R, to act in con- 
Junction. J\L IS the place where the Prince of Grange was wounded. 
The Prussians marched through Saint Lambert, Y, and Frischemont, 
Z, from whence they debouched towards Smouhen,* on the right of the 
French^ to decide the affair. 



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PARTIL 

A 

COMPLETE SERIES . 

OF 

OFFICIAL ACCOUNTS^ 

TIZ. 

FIELD MARSHAL DUKE OF WELLINGTON'S — FIELD 

MARSHAL PRINCE BLUCHER's— THE HANOVERIAN 

-- DUTCH — RUSSIAN — AUSTRIAN — 

SPANISH AND FRENCH. 

Communicating the Details to their respective Governments 

or THB 

CAMPAIGN IN THE NETHERLANDS, 

AMD 

RELATIVE OPERATIONS; 

WITH OTHER OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS. 



^ Ike very important results from the Battle of Waterloo 
so teem with suggestions, that infinitely more must be 
trusted to the reader's reflection and sensibility than can be 
offered on paper to his eye. The effect of these events is 
io grand, their succession to each other is so rapid, and, at 
the same time, so towering in the scale of importance, — theic 
variety is so precipitate and wild, that one feels, in relation 
to this political crisis, much in the same Way as when 
surrounded by the most sublime and abrupt scenes of nature 
—as if it would be impertinent to throw in the petty voice 
of jremark amongst so much that outstrips the power and 
speculation of individuals. There is a pitch of activity of 
mind, exci|i&d by the vastness of surrounding objects, which 
silences language by a conviction of its inability ; and there 
is a rush *in the tide of success which produces a vague but 



The Editor fe^U it bot justice to observe, tbftt thb Introdactioii W4!rpm lh« 
Pen of Mr. Scot, the author of % Tour to Parii, and Paris Uevijited« »tid Ediiof 
of (be CbuDpioQ New8p«pcr. 



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180 aEMBRAL RBMABK8, 

•erious impression^ akin to aUrm^ occasioned bj the facul- 
ties finding themselves at a loss. The break-np of what 
appeared so strong, the instantaneous discomfiture and 
dispersion of what appeared so formidable, the unbounded 
triumph of what appeared to beset with doubts and diffi- 
cutties, which we have witnessed, cause the result to assume 
altogether the air of a stupendoas phenomenon. Amidst 
this union of vipleace aod raptdilj, we fed ourselves rather 
carried than carrying, we seem the object of some over« 
ruling influence, rather than the falfiDers of our owa 
designs* The interval has been so small since Bonaparte 
declared himself impregnable in French feeling and strength, 
-r^since we beard of armies on armies collected to resent a^ 
well as resist invasion, — since we were dazzled and astounded 
with oath-taking ceremonials, with the imposingdisplay of a 
throne, the steps of which were crowded with devoted children, 
—that, now, when we find this man absolutely stripped, and 
rendered destitute by one blow,— ^his unrestrainable and all- 
confident soldiery scattered and dissipated by one encounter, 
-—and France, '' the beautiful and invincible,'' laid open 
to her heart, defenceless and bare, by one defeat, — we 
startle in that feeling of scepticism which is sometimes 
produced by the overpowering nature of the conviction of a 
reality. It may be said, we believe, — and under all the 
circumstances, without any violation of generosity, — ^that 
the two extremes of previous boasting and subsequent de- 
pression and disgrace, could have happened in no country 
of Europe, within the same space of time, but France; 
and we apprehend ic may be said, consistently, under all 
the circumstances, both with truth and decency, that the 
succession of the latter to the former could not have beeM 
so rapidly forced on such an enemy, by any other country 
than England. Neither the taunt nor the self-congratulation 
would be worth writing, unless connected with the vindi- 
cation of true principles. Every triumph of policy, with such 
a bias, is a benefit gained for mankind generally, 
,' '* It rs the proud distinction of the British troops, that they 
are alike to be depended upon in ^' doing oc ia mSeting/' 

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BATTLt OV WATBBLOp. 181 

Whik the' French are nolhiBg unlesl thej are doing : th« 
Utter muBi be carried cot of theaodtet to reach to any 
thing that is great> and when the artificial sthnalas faib^ 
or is checked, they drop back iuto their natares, wluoh da 
not well sustain them. Their British adTcrsaries, on the 
other hand^ have no occasion to go beyond the essential 
Qualities of their character, and their eiforts being thna 
tonnder in motite, are more sabstantial in effectr The 
difference may be represented by calling one the rock, and 
the other the foaming spray which it beats back. Daring 
the whole course of the war in Spain, this difference wai 
veiy perceptible, — ^bot neter has it been exhibited on so 
grand a scale as in the late battles in the Netberlandi^ 
The French were impetuoias and desperate in their charges^ 
«--ihe British were immoveaUe and calm in receiving them ; 
wherever any nnraber^ no matter how small, of British 
troops conld be thrown forward to meet the enemy, theri 
was the enemy, no matter how strong, or how triumphant 
over others, abrnptly stopped. Moral superiority took the 
aspect of a physical obstacle, which mast be annihilated to 
be removed, ^n the grand result the French have felt, the 
world has seen, and posterity will know, that England's 
Sons are the best in the fight, and that they are capable of 
the mtghttest exertions of every kind. Their country alone 
has held out without interval or faltering : their country 
alone has entirely escaped degradation in these times of 
misfortune : she alone has assisted all, and held her own 
head high without assistance. Our enemy has now ex- 
perienced the superiority of England in every way; all his 
publications, for many years, have avowed that his great 
design was to ruin England; Ins measures have all beea 
directed to this end. He has tried to effect it at sea, €A 
shore, singly, and by alliances, — ^he has tried to cflfect it by 
commercial, financial, and sentimental means. We have 
destroyed him at sea, we have beaten him oq shore; we 
have repelled him singly, we have conquered him with our 
AlHes : we tired him out of his anti-commercial system, and 
our finances have also triamplied, without tfie comatt»« 

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132 . OEKERAL RBMirBKf# 

sion of any breach of faith to oor creditors. We have 
exposed the meanness and falsehood of his sentiments. 
Lastly^ in one great battle, — England, away from her own 
shores, has, in the teeth of superior numbers, beaten -the 
collected might of France on her own frontier, headed by 
an Imperial General whose superiority over all Captains, 
ancient or modern, the public voice of France has asserted 
and sworn, in prose and poetry, in harangues and writings, 
•^in . insolence, in perfidy, and falsehood. It\, one battle, 
England has dealt to France a blow that has gone to her 
heart, and sent her reeling and tumbling, backward on a 
throne, which, in theatrical show at least, ,she had sworn to 
defend to the last drop of her blood, in behalf of which, she, 
but the other. day, held forth the boldest language of de- 
fiance ; — a throne which was said to present a superb spec- 
tacle, a sublime spectacle, an imposing spectacle, and 
heaven knows how many spectacles besides. This throne 
has tumbled down like rotten wood under, her stagger and 
fall : her soldiers have disappeared, like the smoke of her 
ciihnon, after the prodigious noise they madg; — and, be- 
tween her frontier and the neighbourhood of her capital, 
scarcely an arm has been raised to preserve the '^ fine 
country," — to vindicate the honour of the '' great nation/'— 
to fulfil the *' destiny" which had '^ decreed France to be 
the Queen of the West.** 

'' If it be true, which has been taken for granted by some, 
that it was the will of the people of France that Bonaparte 
should reign over them,— the ruin of that person at one 
blow, the instantaneous desertion of him in the teeth of 
engagements to support him to the last, and the breaking 
vp of a national army by one defeat, f^rm, a more severe 
humiliation of the French than any which they have in- 
flicted on other countries. Nothing that has been done by 
them to Prussia or to Austria was so severely disgraceful to 
the vanquished as this which has fallen on themselves, 
supposing that they were enlisted in Bonaparte's cause. 
Assuming, on the other hand, that Bonaparte's return was a 
measure, of violence, that it was offensive to the public 

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BATTLE 6t WATEBLOO; 183 

senlimeiit of France^-^what is to be said of a people that 
are thus to be wrested to and fro^ — knocked like a shuttle- 
cock from one government to another^-— aind all the while 
debating about their '' destinies, and their deliberations^ 
and, their high attitude,^— deriving that self-satisfaction 
from words which they ought to seek in things. — Some, we 
know, feel a distrust and disheartenednessi from the utt^ 
overthrow. of Bonaparte, in consequence of regarding it as 
the. overthrow of intellect; but, if the niatter be properly 
considered, it will appear that a grand vindication has be^n 
effected of those principles which combine ititellect, mo- 
raiitj, and freedom, together. It has been proved , that it 
is only from this union that the invincibility of character 
can spring, into whose contemplation the idea of yielding 
is never admitted, which acquires strong feeling from serious 
reflection, and its keenest en^husia^m from a sober sense of 
self-respect This is a description of character whiqh at 
least applies better to England than to France ; tbe^riumph . 
of the latter over the former, therefore, would have been a 
most m^ancholy event as a proof of the little practical 
worth of thote domestic virtues, social comforts, and public 
lights which England possesses in a superior degree to 
France. But the victory of England is an assurance that 
they are of sterling worth ; that, although they may demand 
some self-denials, yet that the}' well repay them; that 
Providence has a sacred store, from which it bestows its 
most splendid, and imperishable gifts on those, who wil- 
lingly forfeit, for their sake, the easy pleasures that are within 
the reach of indolence and sensuality. It would, indeed, 
have been a miserable thing for the hopes of the world, if a 
perjured and unprincipled soldiery, a careless and fickle 
people, a perfidious and declamatory government, had, in 
the terrible and decisive struggle of faculty and heart, 
gained the day : but the great fight of Waterloo has, with . 
the instrumentality of English heroism, connected the poli- 
tical and moral qualities which philanthropists enforce, with 
that public strength which is the common ambition of tl^f 
gross as well as of the enlightened* 

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184 OBSmAl IBMARM. 

^ We rqoice in the victory which Eit^aad 1ia$ gaioed ; 
aad we have no donbt^ that the cause of political beadam^ 
in France^ will be benefited bj what has happeaed. Boiui^ 
parte'a fall has proved, we think, that he was not supported 
by the opinion of the French^ and, if not so sapported, hit 
return was a piece of ruffian^violence^ aad his pretensions, 
since his return, sheer knavish impositioD.'^ 

We now proceed to give the words of the original doeu<* 
Hients/ as issaed by the respective governments, as the best 
elucidation of the glorious events, which cannot fail to fix 
an emulative record of English valour to thelatjest p<taterityi 

OFFICIAL BULLETIN. 

Downing Strtet, Jane, fi2, 1815,* 
'* TriE Duke of Wellington's dispatoh, dated Waterloo, 
the I9U1 of June, states, that on the preceding day Bona^ 
parte attacked, with his whole force, the British line, tnp^ 
ported by a corps of Prussians ; which attack, after a long 
and sanguinary conflict, terminated in the complete Over- 
throw of the Enemy's Army, with the Joss of ONE HUN- 
DRED AND FIFTY PIECES op CANNON, and TWO 
EAGLES. During the night, the Prussians, under Marshal 
Blucher, who joined in the pursuit of the enemy, captured 
SIXTY GUNS, and a large part of Bonaparte's BAGGAGE. 
The Allied Armies continued to pursue the enemy« TWo 
French Generals were taken-** 

* Th« lint nows of the commencement of bostilkiet vas knowa in X/>ii4f|i| 4t 
four o'clock on Tuosday, June JO, 1815, by the following means . — ^Tb« Hon. Mr. 
Butter, and the knight of Kerry » were traTCliing on pleasure, in the Netlierliiidflb 
ott Thursday the I6th« intending to sleep that night at Charleroi \ hot hearing the 
firing of the Prussians and French, they proceedi^d back to Brusself, at abeet 
o'clock* where they communicated what thej had heerd. Tkej remaiaed et Bi«^ 
sels until half past one on the Sunday* hi^viug, in the interim, witnessed the effect 
of the variety of reports, and conseauent confusion, which b accuratefj detiuled 
in the first part of this work ; and having given their endeavours to help the 
wounded to quarters, &c. on Monday, three o'clock, they reached Ostend, aind 
milled in the Leveret frigate on Tuesday morning i at five o'clock they n ere at 
Deal, and arrived in London at four o'clock in the afternoon, where they delivcf- 
cd to Lord Melville the dispatches they had been entmsted with by Admmii 
Markham, who sent home word all he knew, had seen, or believed, which con- 
tained, in substance, communicated verbally by the Duke's aid de camp» the 
Duke of Wellington's entire ccinfidence in his dispositions* and ultimate suqr 
cess of the battle he then had to right. 

It is but due to nbserve, thut the great expedition in this communication* is 
attributed to the particular exertions of Mr. Tournier, the courier who accom- 
panied the above gentlemen, whose experience end foresight led liim to avoid 
^ the coiiimon road, whibh, as he prcdicte<^, had become completely choked in 
its facilities for travellers. — Eoii^or. * ■ 



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BATTLX OV WATJBBX0O.. 185 

Downing Street^ June 29.d, 1815. * 

Miypr the. Honourable H. Percy, arrived late last night 
with a dispaU^ firom Field Marshal the Duke of WelliDgtoo, 
K.G. to i^l Bathursti his Majegty'i Principal Secretary of 
State for the War Department^ of which the following U 

My. Lord, Waterloo, June igxh, iilS. 

Bonaparte having collected the 1st, 2d, Sd, 4th, and 6th, 
corps of the French army and the Imperial Guards, and 
nearly all the cavalry, on the Sambre, and between that river 
and the Meuse, between the 10th and the 14th of the month^ 
advanced on the 15th and attacked the Prussian posts at 
Thuin and Lobez, on the Sambre, at day-light in the 
zqorning. 

^ I did not hear of these^etents till the evening of the 15th; 
and I immediately ordered the troops to prepare to march; 
and afterwards to march to their left, -as soon as t had intelli- 
gence from other quarters to prove that the enemy's move- 
ment upon Cbarleroi was the real attack. 

The enemy drove the Prussian posts from the Samlwe on 
that day ; and General Ziethen, who commanded the corps 
which had beetf at Charleroi> retired upon Fleurus; and 
Marshal Prince Blucher concentrated the Prussian army 
upon Sombref, holding the villages in front of his position 
of St. Amand and Ligny, 

The enemy continued his march along the road from 
tCharleroi towards Brussels, and on the same evening, the 
15th, attacked a brigade of the army of the Netherlands, 
under Prince de Weimar, posted at Frasne, and forced it 
hack to the farm house on the same road, called Les Quatre 
Bras. 

The Prince of Orange immediately reinforced this brigade 

'with another of the same division, under General Perponcher, 

'and, in the morning early, regained part of the ground which 

^ad been lost^ so as to have the command of the commtini'* 

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1S6 DUKB OF WBLLINOTON's.ACCOUHT. 

cation leading from Nivelles and Bnusels, with Marshal 
Blucher's position. 

^ In the meantime, I had directed the whole army to march 
upon Les Quatre Bras, and the 5th division, under Lien* 
tenant General Sir Thomas Picton, arrived at about half- 
past two in the day^ followed by the corps of troops under 
the Dnke of Brunswick, and afterwards by the conting^it 
of Nassau. 

At this time the enemy commenced an attack upon Prince 
Blucher with his whole force, excepting the Ist and 2d 
corps ; and a corps of cavalry under General Kellerman, 
with which he attacked our post at Les Quatre Bras. 

The Prussian army maintained their position with their 
usual gallantry and perseverance, against a great disparity of 
numbers, as the 4th corps of their army, under General 
Bulow, had not joined, and I was not able to as^st them as 
I wished, lis I was attacked myself, and the troops, the 
cavalry in particular, which had a long distance to march, 
had not arrived. 

We maintained our position also, and completely defeated 
and repulsed all the enemy's attempts to get possession of iU 
The enemy repeatedly attacked us with a large body of in- 
fantry and cavalry, supported by a numerous and powerful 
artillery ; he made several charges with the cavalry upon 
our infantry, but oil were repulsed in the steadiest manner. 
In this affair, his Royal Highness the Prince of Orange, the 
Dake of Brunswick, and Lieutenant-General Sir Thomas 
Picton, and Major-General Sir James Kempt, and Sir Dents 
Pack, who were engaged from the commencement of the 
enemy'% attack, highly distinguished themselves, as well as 
Ueutenant-General Charles Baron Alien, Mi^or General Sir 
C. Halket, Lieutenant-General Cookci and Majour-Generals 
Maitland and Byng, as they successively arrived. The troops 
of the 5tb dirvision, and those of the Brunswick corps, were 
lon^ and severely engaged, and conducted themselves with 
the utmost gallantry. I must particularly mention the£8th, 
42d, 79th, 92d regiments, and the battalion of Hanoverians. 

Our loss was great, as your Lordship will perceive by the 



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BATTXB OF WATBBLOO. . IS? 

iodosed return ; and I have particniaiiy to regret His Serene 
Highness, the Dake of Brunswick, who fdl^ fighting gal- 
landy^ at the head of his troops. 

Although Marshal Blucher had maintained his position at 
Somhref^ he still found himself much weakened by the 
seyerity of the contest in which he had been engaged^ and^ 
as the fourth corps had not arrived^ he determined to fall 
back^ and concentrated his army upon Wavre; and hie 
marched in the night after the action was over. 

This. movement of the Marshal's rendered necessary a 
cornedponding one on my part ; and 1 retired from the farm 
of Quatre Bras upon Genappe^ and thence upon Waterloo 
tbe'next morning, the 17th, at ten o'dodc. 

The enqmy made no effort to pursue Marshal Blucher. 
On the contrary, a patrole which I sent to Sambref, in the 
morning, found all quiet, and the enemy's videttes fell back 
as the patrol advanced. Neither did he attempt to molest 
our march to the rear,a1though made in the middleof the day^ 
excepting by following with a large body of cavalry, brought 
^frorn his right) the cavalry under the Earl of Uxbridge. 

This gave Lord Uxbridge an opportunity of charging 
them with the 1st Life Guards, upon their debouch6 from 
the village of Genappe, upon which occasion his Lordship 
has dedared himself to be well satisfied with that regiment. 

The . position which I took up, in front of Waterloo, 
crossed the high roads from Charleroi and Nivelles, and bad 
its Tight thrown back to a ravine near Merke Braine, which 
was occupied, and its left extended to a height above the 
hamlet Ter4a-Haye, which was likewise occupied. In front 
of the right centre, and near the Nivelles road, we occupied 
the Iiouse and garden of Hougoumont, which covered the 
Deturn of that flank ; and, in front of the left centre, we oc- 
cupied the farm of La Haye Sainte. By our left we com- 
municated with Marshal Prince Blucher, at Wavre, through 
Obain ; and the Marshal had promised me, that in case we 
should be attacked, he would support me with one or more 
corps, as might be necessary. 

The enemy collected his army^ with the exception of the 

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^It8 D17VK ov wbllikctok's aocouht. 

^rd corps^ which had been sent to obserf^e Muihal Hocber, 

.40 a raoge 0f heights in oor ffont^ in tne cMirte of the ni^t 

of the 17th and yesterday morning; and at about len o'doek 

4ie oommeaced • farioos attack upon our post at Hoogon- 

£Biont« I had occupied that post with a detachment Irooi 

General Byng's brigade of Guards^ which was in porition in 

f its rear; and it was for some time voder the command ^ 

^in^Ki^%\j Iieutenani-jC!oIonei Macd onald , and afterwards of Ck>ioMl 

^^^. ^ Home ; and I am happy to add^ that it was maintained, 

th r ooghont the day> with the ntmost ^iantry by these 

jbrare troops^ notwithstanding the repeated efforts of targe 

diodies of the enemy to obtain possession of it* 

This attack upon the right c^oor centre was acoompainei 
)>y la very heary cannonade upon onr whde line, which was 
destined to sopport the repeated attacks of oatalry and iti« 
ftintry occasionally mixed, bnt sometinles separate, which 
were made upon it In one of these^ the enemy carried the 
UsxcL bouse of La Haye Sainte, as the detachment of the 
light battalion of the legion which occupied it had expended 
all its ammunition, and the enemy occupied the only conv- 
jmunication there was with them. 

The enemy repeatedly charged our infantry with his 
cisiralry ; but tliese attacks were uniformly liosaoo^sful, and 
they afforded opportunities to our ca^airy to bbarge, in one 
of which. Lord £. Somerset's brigade. Life Guards, Royal 
Horse Guards, and 1st Dragoon Guards^ highly distingnished 
.tbemseWes ; as did that of Major Genend Sir W. Ponsonby, 
having taken many prisoners and an eagle. 
. These attacks were repealed till about setea in the even- 
ing, when the enemy made a desperate effort with the eavalry 
and infantry, supported by the fire of artillery, to force our left 
.centre, near the farm of La Haye Sainte, which, aftera serere 
.contest, was defeated ; and having observed that the troops re* 
tired from this attack in great confusion, and that the march 
of General Bulow's corps by Frichermoot upon Pianchenoit 
and La Belle Alliance, had begun to take effect; and as I codd 
perceive the fire of his cannon, and as Marshal Prince Bkicher 
•had joined in person, with a corps of his army to the left of our 



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3ATTLE X>W WATBRbXM).* (189 



line.lqr ObaiOj I detenmned to attack the enemj^ and i 
jnediately advaooed the i^hole line oCmbntiy, suj^ported b^ 
ithe ea?ahry and artillerj* The aiia^k succeeded, ia ererj 
4idint; the enemj was forced from hit poatioii on the 
heights^ and fled in the atmost confasito^ kaving bebiM 
him, ^ &r as I could judge, ons iivndrbo ah0 nrTT 
,¥iacBB OF cAKifOK, With tfaeU ammutiitioai which UH 
into our hands. 

I continued the pursuit till long after dark^ and thea dik- 
/continued it^ only on account of the fatigue of #ur troops, 
«who had been engaged darhig ti^elve hours, and because I 
found m jself on the same road with Marshal Biucber, who 
luisured me of his iotentton to follow the enemy throughoi|t 
the night; he has sent me word this morning, that he had 
taken 60 pieces pf cannon belonging to the Imp^ial Guar^^ 
^m4 several carriagesi baggage, d^Ct belonging to Bonaparte, 
jn Geuftppe. 

I propose to moye, this moiling,, upon Nivelles, and not 
jto discontioue my operations. 

Your Lordship will observe, that such a desperate actio|i 
could not be fought, and such advantages could not be 
^qed, without great Wss; and^ I am sorry to add, that 
our's has been immense. In Ljeutenant-General Sir Thomas 
Picton, his Miyesty has sustained the loss of an Officer who 
,h|is frequently distinguished himself in his service ; and he 
fell, gloriously leading his division to a charge with bayonets, 
by which one of the most serious attacks made by the enemy 
on our position, was defeated. 

The Eari of Oxbridge, after having successfully got 
through this arduous day, received a wound, by almost the 
ladt shot fired, which will, I am afraid, deprive his Majesty 
for sometime of his services. 

His Royal Highness the Prince of Orange distinguished 
,bimself by his gallantry and conduct till he received a wound 
iSrom a musket ball, through the shoulder, which obliged him 
. to quit the field. 

It gives me the greatest satisfaction to assure your Lord* 
ship, that the army never, upon any occasion, conducted 



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igo i^VKE OP wbllinoton's account. 

itself better. The division :of Gdards, under . Lientenaiit- 
Genend Cooke, who is severdy. wounded^. Major-General 
Maitland and Major General Byng» set ah example which 
was followed by all'; and there is no Officer^ nor description 
of troops^ that did not behave well. 

I mast, however, particularly mention, for His Royal 
Highnesses approbation, Lientenant-GeneralSir H. Clinton^ 
Major-General Adam, Lieutenant^General Charles Baroa 
Aiten, severely wounded ; Major-Greneral Sir Colin Halke^ 
severely wounded ; Colonel Oippteda, Colonel Mitchele, 
cotn'fnanding a brigade of the 4th division ; Major-Generals 
Sir James Kempt and Sir Denis Pack, Major-General Lam- 
bert, Major-General Lord £; Somerset, Major-General Sir 
W. Pottsonby, Miajor-General Sir C. Grants and Major- 
General Sir H. Vivian; Major-General Sir O.Vaodeleur; 
Major-General Count Dornberg. I am also particularly 
indebted to General Lord Hill for his assistance and conduct 
upon this, as upon all former occasions. 

The Artillery and Engineer departments were conducted 
much to my satisfaction by Colonel Sir G. Wood^ and 
Colonel Smyth ; and I had every reason to be satisfied with 
the conduct of the Adjutant- General Major-General Barnes^ 
who was wounded, and of the Qaarter-Master-General^ 
Colonel Delancy, who was killed by a cannon shot in the 
middle of the action* "* This officer is a serious loss to his • 
Majesty's service, and to me at this moment. I was likewise 
much indebted to the assistance of Lieutenant-Colonel Lord 
Fitzroy Somerset, who was severely wounded, and of the • 
Officers composing my personal staff, who have suffered se* 
verely in this action* Lieutenant-Colonel the Honourable 
Sir Alexander Gordon, who has died of his wounds, was a 
most promising officer, and is a serious loss to his Majesty's 
service. 

General Kruse, of the Nassau service, likewise conducted 
himself much to ^y satisfaction, as did General Trip, com- 
manding the heavy brigade of cavalry, and General Van- 
hope, commanding a brigade of infantry of the King of the 
•Netherlands. 



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BATTLE OF WATBRLOO. 191 

General Pozzo di Borgo, General Baron Vincent^ General 
Muffling, and General Alava, were in the field during the 
action^ 'and rendered .me every * assistance in .their* power 
Baron Vincent is wounded^ but I hope not severely ; and 
General Pozzo di Borgo received a contusion. 

I should not do justice to my feelings^ or to Marshal BIu- 
cfaer and the Prussian army^ if I did not attribute the suc- 
cessful result of this arduous day to the cordial and timely 
assistance received from them. 

. The operation of General Bulow upon the enemy's flank^ 
was a most decisive one; and^ even if I had not found my- 
self in a situation to make the attack, which produced the 
final result^ it would have forced the enemy to retire^ if his 
attacks should have failed, and would have prevented him 
from taking advantage of them, if they should unfortunately 
have succeeded. 

. I send^ with this dispatch^ two eagles, taken by the troops 
in this action, which Major Percy will have the honour of 
laying at the feet of his Royal Highness — I beg. leave to 
recommend him to your Lordship's protection. 
I hava the honour, 8cc. 

(Signed) WELLINGTON. 

' P. S. Since writing the above, I have received a report, 
that MajorGeneral Sir W. Ponsonby is killed; and, in an- 
nouncing this intelligence to your Lordship, I have to add 
the expression of my grief for the fate of an Officer, who 
had already rendered very brilliant and important services, 
and who was an ornament to his profession. 

• ^d P. S. I have not yet got the returns of killed and 
wounded, but I inclose a list of Officers killed and wounded 
on the two days, as far as the same can be made out without 
the returns ; and I am very happy to add, that Colonel- 
Delancy is not dead, and that strong hopes of his recovery 
arc entertained. ' 



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ig( HAKOTXIUAN ACtOVKTi 

HANOVERIAN ACCOUNT. 
Mxiractfrom a Report of Lieutenani-Gtneral Charles Fm 
jtUen, t0 Hii Koyal Higkness Field^Mar9kai and G^ 
vcmor-Genetal the Duke of Cambridge, dated Brussels^ 
June 90th, 1815.. (Fint Pubikhedinthis ffork.} 

Oa the eveimg of the 15th» the Uoops bcofce uo irom^ 
their cantoDments, which were very widely separated. The 
Duke of WellingtoQ concentrated tifie troops in the environs' 
ofBmsndtyatOenappe. The Hereditary Prince of Orange, 
under whofe comoiaiid my divbion was, advanced to Quaure 
Bras^ where the roadg from Mons to Namnr^ and from 
Brussels to Charleroi, intersect each other. The French 
had divided thehr army and attacked the Pmssians, the 
puke of Wellington, and our corps> at one and the samd: 
time. The Her^itary Prince posted us between Quatre 
Bras and Sart a Maveline in sucn a manner that the right 
wing occupied the former, and the left the latter villa^. 
The troops marehed up, under a most violent caanattade, 
from the enemy. A wood oo the right of Qnatre Bras, waa 
alternately taken on our part and bv the French. The 
cannonade on both sides was extremely brisk. The enemy 
repeatedly attempted to force otrr left w'mg; I detached the 
field battalion of Lunebnrg, to ckive him out of the village 
of Pierremont in our front. Lieutenant-Colonel Klenke 
executed this commission with great intrepidity, took the 
village and maintained it against the reiterated attacks of 
the enemy. Upon this, die enemy's infantry advanced in 
several columns, against which I detached the field-batta^ 
lions of Grubenhagen, Osnabriick, and Bremen. With 
the assistance of the artillery of the German Legion, under 
Cmtam Qeves> the troops repufeed the enemy. Oa the 
rignt wing the enemy's cavalry ventured to make several 
attacks, but, by the gallantry of the troops, prevented it 
from breaking through them. On this occasion, the bat- 
talion of the Landwehr of Luneburg, under the command 
of Lien^nant*C<^oel.VoTx Hamdohr, particukrly distm* 
guished itself. It aufieced ihe enemy's cavalry to approach 
to the distance of thirty paces, and then received it with a 
Volley, by which it was repulsed with great loss. We were' 
an fortunate as Co maintain our position*; but, as the Prussian 
iMrmy, on our left wing, had sustained a considerable cheeky 
we were obliged to fall back, on the l7th, upon Genappe, 
in which movement my division formed the rear-guard. As 
the enemy appeared, in the afternoon^ in very great force, 
we letiiated to Mont Stu Jean, on the road to Brussels.- 



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lATTUB OP WAITEEliOOk 193 

Here the whole army of the Duke of Wdlingtim had aa* 
sembled ; and it took a po^itioo on the heights io front of 
this TiUa^e, so that the left wio^ was supported upon thei 
village of FricbenaoDty aod the rieht oa the chdussie from. 
Brussels to Nivelles. The chausUc irom Oenappe to Brtsaeb 
intersected the centre of the armv^ which was formed br 
mj division. I sent the second light battalion of the Kiog^ 
G€;rmaa Legion, under Mtyor Baring, to occupy the farm* 
house of La Haye Saiate, situate just before the left wing^ 
of my divisiOQ. A company of Hanoverian Yagers, and two 
li^ht companies of the English Guards, were thrown into the 
farm-house of Hoogouinont and the small wood before it> 
in front of the right wing. 

The infantry of the corps of His Royal fitghness tW 
Prince of Orange, to which my division belonged, waa 
marched up in colnmna ' en eekiquier, the battalions being 
placed two and two beside one another, in such a manner 
that they might imm^iately deploy or form into squares. 
Between the columns there waa a sufficient space for the 
passage of the cavalry and artillery stationed behind the 
squares. The corps of General Lc^d Hill was posted in 
reserve, at Braine la Leud, and, at the same time, covered 
the cfmtmie from Nivelles to Brussels. Beyond this chatu- 
sU there was some cavalry for the purpose of watching the 
motions of the enemy. 

About one o'clock, the enemy sent his tirailleurs upon 
the wood in front of our right winff, where a smart en- 
gagement ensued. This post was of great importance to 
ns^ aa the enemy would have gained, in its possession, a 
height which would have endangered onr right flank. He 
caused strong columns of infantry, supported by artilfery^ 
to advance successively upon this post, the maintenance of 
which' were committed to the British Guards, who defended 
it with undaunted gallantry* 

The battle became general upon the whole line. The 
enemy brought up against us a nuveroua artillery, under 
cover of which a column of several thousand men pushed 
on upon the chaustec^oi Genappe, but it was repuked by 
the two light battalions and the 8th. battalion of the line of 
the King's Gern>aa Legion, and the field-battalion of Liine^ 
burg. Behind this cdumn the enemy's cavalry advanced 
with such impetuosity, as to overthrow the infantry acting 
em debimdagc, and to penetrate to ' the hill among the 
squares posted en eebiquier. The troops remained immove* 
able till the English cavalry came up and repulsed the 
enemy ; the squares most exposed on this oecasion, were 
commanded by Lieutenant«Colonel Von Wurmb and Major 
Von Schkopp. Lieutenant-Colonel Von Langrehr had 
already beeo bconght woumkd t» the leac; .The fird^f . the 



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194 HANOVfiBlAN ACCOUNT. 

enemy's artillery now became brisker, and it was kept op 
on both sides' with a vehemence, such as few of the oldest 
soldiers had, perhaps, ever witnessed. The attacks of the 
enemy's infantry and cavalry were several times repeated^ 
and in different quarters. Bonaparte was determined to 
break through the centre, and thus to open for himself the 
way to Brussels* One column was repulsed by Colonel 
Von Ompteda, who put himself at the head of his bat- 
talion. Meanwhile, trie enemy kept advancing nearer, and 
continually bringing up fresh troops. His artillery played 
upon our squares at the distance of 150 paces. Not one of 
them gave way; the dead were pushed aside, and the ranks 
filled up again. Several went to meet the enemy's cavalry, 
and, by their heavy fire, compelled it to retreat. At 
length, some of them, which were almost entirely cut in 
pieces, fell back ; they retreated, however, in good order, 
and immediately advanced again when they were ordered. 
The Duke of Welliugton was a constant eye-witness of their 
conduct* This hero was always at that point where the 
danger was the greatest ; and the Prince of Orange displayed 
a courage worthy of his illustrious ancestors. It was bis 
corps, against which the main force of the enemy, led on 
by Bonaparte in person, was directed. At this critical 
moment, the Prussian General, Von Biilow, who had has- 
tened to our assistance with 30,000 men, attacked the 
enemy in his flank. The victory was our's ; the enemy fled 
in all directions, leaving behind the greatest part of his 
artillery. About 200 pieces of cannon and several eagles 
have been taken. The number of prisoners brought in 
cannot be accurately stated, but it amounts to many ihov^ 
sands. 

These two days have, indeed, cost us much, and, with 
the deepest regret, I have to inform your Royal Highness, 
that the greatest part of our most distinguished officers 
have fallen. Among these. I reckon particularly. Colonels 
Von Ompteda and Du Plat, and Lieutenant-Colonels Von 
Wurmb and Von Langrehr. We have, to be sure, this 
consolation, that these men have cipered their graves with 
glory, and that the Hanoverians have established their 
reputation for valour. As af^ eye-witness, indeed, I can 
only bear testimony concerning the field-battalions of 
Bremen, Ltineburg, Verden, Grubenhagen,: and the Duke 
of York, belonging to my division, and affirm, that they 
have render^ themselves worthv of being recorded in die 
annals of our army ; but a highly favourable report has also 
been made to me of some of the brigades of the Lcndwehr, 
which were in th^ engagement. Colonel Hnlkett bestows 
particular praise on the battalion of Osnabriick. Of our 
cavalry, the Duki^ of Cmnberland's regiment only was pre-* 



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BATTLE OP WATBRLOO« 195 

m)t at the c6nflict^ hot was not advanced to the attock. It 
was for some time much exposed to the fire of the artillery^ 
bj which it sustained consiaerable loss. 
' Though every officer and soldier^ whom I had an oppor- 
tunity of observing/ has done his duty, still I feel it incum- 
bent upon me to make particular mention of some of diem 
who pre-eminently signalized themselves on these arduous 
days ; and, I venture to hope, thafyour Royal Highness^ 
as you are so disposed to reward merit, will confer on them 
marks of your satisfaction and approbation, than which^ 
nothing is for them a more powerful stimulus. 

M aJor-General Count Von Kielmanseg^e gave the most 
brilliant example of courage and intrepidity to hh brigade, 
and constantly supported me with all his might. 

The conduct of Lieiu tenant- Colonels Von Klencke, Von 
Wurmb, and Von Langrehr, of Majors Von Schkopp, Von 
BUlow, and Ton Stocknausen, deserves the highest praise. 
According to report received from Colonel Halkett, I think 
I may, with justice, recommend Major Count Miinster 
also to your Koyal Highness. He fought with the bat-, 
talion of Osnabriick Landwehr against Napoleon's Guards, 
and overthrew them. 

I am not less grateful to the Officers of my staff, and 
especially to Colonel Von Berger, as chief of the eiat^iajor, 
who never quitted my side on the l6th and 18th, and who, 
by his counsel and exertions, rendered me the greatest 
service. The meritorious talents of this officer are known 
to your Royal Highness; and, severely wounded as I was, 
I should not have been able to retain the chief command of 
the Hanoverian troops, had not Colonel Bergei's contusion 
permitted him to perform its principal duties. 

On Major Heise, of the King's German Legion^ whom 

Jour Royal Highness assigned to me as Military Secretary, 
must bestow the deserved encomium, that he evinced on 
these two days, a zeal and activity which reflect upon him 
the highest honour. 

Majors Kunze and Von Schlutter, who had no specific 
sphere of action, as I had only the command of the divi- ' 
sion, nevertheless seized every opportunity to afford me 
assistance, and, therefore, I cannot pass them by unno- 
ticed in this report. 

Lieutenant Count Von Kielmansegge was, likewise, very 
serviceable to me. It is, as yet, impossible for me to name 
all the officers who have distinguisned themselves on these 
days, as I have not yet received the reports of the brigadiers. 
I shall collect them, however, and send your Royal High- 
UjBss an extract, that you may be -made acquainted with 
them all, if possible. Thus, too, the Lists of Dead, Wound- 
ed^ and Missing, had not yet been completed, because the 

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army put itself io mofcioB ng^ iamedUtd¥« I hppe to b« 
^ble ta traiiBimi tbem. ia ii few ieij^p Tke mm^ of tbe 
killed shall shortly follow:. 

I I^ave still to reuifidrl^ to.yoqr Hpyal Higboe9s» tb^the 
wovnd which I received 9l the coQcltisioa of tb^eo^Ag^^ 
meait, wiil oet pfeisol; me from retianing the coiniwad.Qf 
the Hanoveriaofi ; if you aball be pleased to cooliQQe ^o «]^ 
trust ine with it under these circumstances. I hope^ ia a 
fiew Weeks, to belbompletel^. recoyered. 

The official lasts of Killed, Wounded^ audMissiQgj of 
the Hanoverian brieadea of Count. KielmAll9egge and Co- 
lonel Halketty aofl v^ biittery uuder C^tain C^o^ only 
ha'Te yet been received^ and are subjoined* 

OFflCEItS KILLED. 

ArtUkry. — ^Lieut. Von Sicbulze. 
. Itfmtiy, — 1st Bremen battalion, Lieut«-Col. Von Langrebn 1st 
Lilneburg batt. Capt. Von Bobart; Ensign Von PlalQ. 1st Grubei^ 
hageii batt. LieuU-Col. Von Wurmtw IJrenpcrvpr^ batt. of Landvyehr^ 
Li^. Loper,; Ensign Von Ffolt. 2d bait, of the Di^ of Yorkl^ 
Li^u(. Uffet; £lnsiign Bergboff. 

OfFICEBS SEVBaEtT HVOUNDBI). 

Gtneral Staff, — Lieut.-Gen, Von AJten. 
, ^CtiUery. — C^pt. Braun, 

lufantri/^ — 1st Bremen batt. Lieut.-Cpl. Von Langrehr, (iiinpe de^^ 
of bis wounds;) Major Miiller; Capt. Vpn Lepel; Capt. Bazoldo; 
IJeut. Von Quistorp, 1; Lieut. Von Quistorp,2. 1st Verden batt. 
Major Von Scbkopp; Capt Jacobi; Adjut. Gerhard; Lieutenants 
Selig, Suffenplan, Brandis, 1, andBrandis, 2. 1st batt. of the Duke 
of York's: Capt. Von Pawel; Lieutenants Moll and Marenbolz. 
1st Liineburg batt. Lieut. Volger; Capf. Korfes. Ist Grubenbagen 
batt. Lieut. Westpfabl; Ensigns Ernst and StiepeL Bremeryorde 
batt. of Land wehr: Lieut. Warnecke ; Ensign Wilke. 2dbatt^oflbe 
Duke of York's : Capt. Gottbardt ; Ensigns Niehencke and MtsferJ 
3d batt. of the Duke of York's: Major Von der Biisohe-HtneSdd. 
Saltzgitter batt. of Landwebr: Lieut. Von Spangenberg. 

OFFICERS SLIGHTI<T WOUNDED. 

General Staff, — Colonel Von Berger. 

Infantry. — 1st Bremen batt. Lieut. Wehner; Ensigns Brucl and 
Meyer. 1st Verden batt. Capt. Von Baudomer. 1st batt. of tbe 
Duke of York's: Major Von Billow; Ensigns Miiller and Rabius. 
Ist Liineburg bitt. Lieut. CoV. A. Von Klencke ; Lieut. Von Plato ; 
Ensigns Von Weibe and Sachse. 1st Grubenbagen batt. Capt. 
Bauer; Lieut. Marwedel^ Ensign Von Billow. Bremervorde batt. 
of Landwebr: Lieut. Meyer; Ensign HoUbusen, 2d batt. of the 
Duke of York's : Major Count Von Mijnster; Capt. Quentin ; Lieu- 
tenants Winckler and Ricchcrs. Saltzgitter batU of Landwebr ; CapU 
Von llanunerstein. 



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BATTLE Of WATBRMOU 1^7 

MISSIVO. 

hfoHtiy^-^l^ Lunebiiig b«tt. Mi^ Von Daohenhauien. lit 
Gndbenliagen batt Lieut. Von Lutken* Biaiaervovde batt of Land^ 
wehr: Lieut Ehlen; Ensign Bets. Salt^gitter bcUt of Laadwehr i 
Assistant Surgeons, Topken and Homeier. 

A.VONBERGER, 
Colonel and Chief of the General Staff. 

To hii Excellent ike Hmt&ctrUm IMuttnant-Generfd Sir Chartes AUcn. 

Gjaa&AXy Prince Regent acting^ for and in thv name of His 
Miyesty, our father George IIL by the grace of God, King, &c. 
coniniunicate to you» by these presents, our gracious intentions. 

" Noble, beloved, and loyal, if on the on6 hand we atB deeply 
afflicted at the considerable loss which our Hanoverian corps, con* 
fided to your orders, has suflfered in the memorable battles of the 
l6th and 18th of last month, we have had reason, on the othet* hand^ 
to feel peculiar satisfaction at learning the eulogiums which you 
bestow in your accoMnt, upon the distinguished courage and bravery 
of our valiant Hanoverians, a testimony upon which we set th6 
higher value, as it comes from you, from a general who has com- 
bated in so many battles for his country and the good cause, and has 
constantly distinguished himself by his talents and his bravery. 

" It very sincerely afflicts us to see you among the number of 
those who are wounded ; and it is, however, with pleasure that we 
perceive you were able to retain the command of your troops, atld 
that you have the hope of being entirely recovered in a few weeks. 

" We have been very g)ad at receiving, with your narration, tha 
copy, of the, report which you made on the 20th of last month, to out 
beloved brother the Duke of Cambridge, upon the said battles, by 
which we have been perfectly informed of the plan of the battle, 
and of all the circumstances which have accompanied it. It will be 
the object of our particular solicitude to recompense all those whd 
have gloriously distingviished themselves before the enemy, and we 
cevtaialy shfdlnot fail also to provide for the widows and orphans of 
those who have fallen fightmg for their country. W^ wait, for this 
end, only for the proposals of our beloved brother the Duke of Cam- 
bridge, whom your tarther reports will soon enable to realize our 
intentions, 

" We charge you to express to the Hanoverian army, under your 
command, our entirq satisfaction with their good conduct in the said 
battles: assuring you, at the same time, that it is perfectly Well 
known to me how much is to be ascribed to the talents and bravery 
with which you commanded them. — It is with sentiments of afllbctiott 
and favour, &c. &c« 

(Signed) •* GEORGE, Prince Kegent. 

*' Carlton House, July 7, 1815.'' 

After having given the General such a flattering rtark of his est^m 
Hb Royal Highness has deigned, by a later resolution, t6 confer upon 
him and his descendants the title of Count, as a recompense for h!^ 
distinguished' services, in the war in Spain, and in the brittle of 
Waterloo. 



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198 DtJirCB ACCOUNT, 

His Royal Highness has been further pleased to testify his high 
satisfaction with the Hanoverian troops who were present in this last 
battle^ and (o permit them to bear, like the English troops, on ^eir 
Colours and on their uniforms, the word " Waterloo." 

DUTCH ACCOUNT. 

Reports qf WilHam Prince of Orange, to His Majesty the King oftAc 
Netherlands. (First Published in this Work.) 

Head-quarters, Nivelles, 17 th June, 1815, two in Ike m&mmg^ 

Very early on the morning of the 15th, the Prussian army was 
attacked in its position, which it abandoned, and retired from Cbar- 
leroi, by Gosselies, as far as the environs of Fleurus. As soon as I 
was apprised of this attack, I gave the necessary orders to the corps 
of troops under my command. The result of what took place in the 
^Prussian army was, that the battalion of Orange Nassau, which, toge- 
ther with a battery of light artillery, occupied the village of Frasne, 
were attacked at five o'clock in the evening of the 15th. These 
troops maintained themselves in their position on the height of this 
village, and at a short distance from the road, called Quatre-Bras. 
The skirmishing ceased, upon this point, at eight o'clock in the 
evening. 

As soon as I was informed of this attack, I gave orders for the 
third division, as well as to two English divisions, to move upon 
Nivelles ; and to the second to maintain the position of Quatre-Bras. 
Only a part 9f the second division was enabled to move thither im- 
mediately, in consequence of the brigade, under the orders of Major- 
General Byland, not being able to leave Nivelles prior to the arrival 
of other troops at that place. 

The firing of the tirailleurs commenced at hve o'clock yesterday 
morning, on this point, and was kept up on both sides until mid-day, 
without any result. About two o'clock the attack became much 
more severe, especially on the part of the cavalry and artillery. The 
brigade of light cavalry, under the command of General Van Merlen, 
was not able to come up before four o'clock ; previous to which time 
I had no cavalry to oppose to the enemy. Seeing of how great im- 
portance it was to preserve the position on the heights of the road, 
called Quatre-Bras, I was fortunate in maintaining them against an 
enemy who, in every respect, was superior to me in forces. 

Having been attacked by the two corps d'arm^e, commanded by 
Generals D'Erlon and Reille, and having succeeded in checking 
them, the Duke of Wellington had time enough to assemble a suffi* 
cient force ^o foil the projects of the enemy. The resull of this 
attack has been, that, after a very obstinate contest, which lasted till 
nine o'clock in the evening, we not only checked the enemy, but 
even repulsed him. 

The Prussian array, which was also attacked yesterday, main- 
tained its principal positiop ; and there is no doubt, but that Napo- 
leon, with very considerable forces, directed an attack upon the 
whole line. 

Our troops bivouacked upon the field of battle, whither I shall 
immediately proceed, in expectation of the probability that Napoleon 



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BitTTLB or WATBALOO. 199 

4vHl eodeavour, thu day, to execute the project of yesterday. The 
.Duke of WelliflgtOQ has concentrated, upon this point, as many troops 
as he was able to collect. 

I experience a lively pleasure in being able to announce to your 
Majesty, that your troops, and the infantry and artillery in particular, 
fought with great courage. « 

Circumstances having prevented my receiving the reports from th« 
different corps concerning their loss, I am unable to acquaint you 
with it : but I shall have the honour of doing so as soon as possible. 
(Signed) William Prince of Orange. 

BruiuUj June 2^^ 1815. 

After the battle of the ifith, of which I had the honour of giving 
an account of to your Majesty, on the 17th, at two in the mornings 
from the headquarters at Nivelles, the Duke of Wellington keeping 
his line with the Prussian army, in the morning, made a move- 
ment, the result of wiiich was, that the army found itself in position 
upon the heights in front of Waterloo, where it bivouacked; the' 
Enemy's cavalry, which followed the movements of the army, was, in 
different attacks, repulsed with loss by the British cavalry. 

On the 18th, at day break, we discovered the enemy in our front : 
at ten o'clock he showed a disposition to attack. The army of 
Bonaparte was composed of the first, second, third, fourth, and 
sixth corps, the Imperial Guards, and nearly the whole of his 
cavalry, and a train of artillery, consisting of many hundred pieces 
of cannon* About eleven o'clock the enemy unmasked a small bat* 
tery, under the cover of the fire of which, his tirailleurs advanced 
against our right wing, and, immediately after, his attack was directed 
against a farm surrounded with copse wood, which was situate ^ 
short way in front of this wing, and on the lefl of the road leading to 
Kivelles^ The enemy made the most furious, but fruitless, attacks 
to possess himself of this farm. At noon, the cannonade became 
violent ; and before half-past twelve, the battle was extended along 
the whole line. The French repeatedly attacked our two wings; but, 
as their principal object was to pierce the right of our centre, they 
employed all their means to accomplish it. Some columns of the 
enemy's cavalry advanced boldly against us: but, notwithstanding 
the inconceivable violence with which they renewed their attacks, 
from three o'clock in the afternoon until the end of the battle, they 
never succeeded in making our line waver. The enemy was con- 
stantly repulsed, as well from the fire of the squares as by the 
charges of our cavalry : it is impossible to depict to your Majesty the 
fury with which they fought, especially during the last six hours. 

1 v^a6 unfortunate in not being able to see the end of this glorious 
and important battle, having received, half an hour before the defeat 
of the enemy, a ball through my left shoulder, which. compelled me 
to quit the field of battle. 

It is with the most lively satisfaction that I am able to inform your 
Majesty, that your troops, of all arras, have fought with the greatest 
courage. In the charges of cavalry, the brigade of carabineers at- 
tracted particular notice. The di\ ision of Liculenant-General Chasse 
^as not engaged until late ; and, as I was not personally able to quit 
the centre, I had placed it, for the day, under the orders of General 



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(00 BVTCH AOCeUKT. 

Lord Hilly eomnuoiiii^ the seoond corps of Am anny. I hate 
Iward that Ihk dmsion, like«qte, condactcdl ktelf with miu^ bnt¥ery, 
and that Lieutenant-General Chas$6, as also die two comnHiBdeTB of 
brigades, vny aatisfaotorily acquitted thenseKes of their dhity. 

I cannoty at this monent, ibake any detail to 3P0UV Majesty, of 
the loss we have sustained, not having received the returns. I am 
obliged, neveitfaetoss, with the «ost p^fMund regret, taitaia^ that it 
i» coBsiderable. 

The Oenerals of DiviiMtt have veipMsted ne to apeak of those who 
have |iaftiai^arly distiaguuhed themselvea ; and I feel it a duty to 
name those to your Majesty of whose conduct I was myself an eye- 
witness, via. — 

The Lieutenant-Generals Collaert and De Berponcher ; the first is 
weonded. The brave and experienced ofRcer, Mi^or*Gciieral Van 
Merlen, died of his wounds upon the field of bsctde. I take this 
opportunity of recommending his widow and children to ytmt Mn^ 

jesty^ kind consideratiOR. Major-Oeneral Trip distinguished 

himself as mireh by his intelligence as his gallantry. — —Majors 
Oeneml Ghigny. — ^-The Commanders of the three refiiraents of 
carabineers, Lieetensnt-Golonel Coenegracht, dead of hts wounds. 
Colonel De Bn»yn, and LieutcnantColonel Lechleilner.— — Lieut.- 
Oolonel Weslenberg, commanding th^ battalion of miTitia, Ko. 5, 
who 19 a very excellent officer, conducted his battaKon very aWy, and 

behaved extremely well in the baittle of the l6th. Major Hegman, 

ef the third battalion of Nassau, woanded. Majors Merex and De 
Bryas, of the carabmeers. No. 2, the last wounded. Major de la 
8arra«, of the artillery. Major-Generrf De Constant Rebeajuc; 
Quarter-Master^General, performed his duty with the greatest crecfir, 
and rendered groat services.— I yet have to bear testimony to your 
Majesty, of my satts&ction of the conduct of my Adjutants«Major, 
•Van Limburg Stirum, wounded on the l6th, and on the ISth, Coh 
de Caylar, and Major Ampt, bad each a horse shot under them ; and 
Lieutenant-Colonel Crut^uenbourg had two. 

I have charged my Adjutant, Van Hooft, to transmit this report to 
your Majesty. I take the liberty of recommending him to your 
Ihvourable consideration* 

(Signied) Willi'ak Prince of Orange. 



LOes OF TB£ ly^TCH. 

OiBcers killed or missing - - - - - 2f 

W4»uflded 1^5 

Kaak and fib killed or missing - • • . fttSB 

Wooded • . j^S 

Total 4fS6 

Ikirsea killed » - . • • • • l630 



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BATTLX OF WATEBLOO. 201 

Mv^RSHAL BLUCHER'S OFPICIAt REPORT OP 
THiE OPfiftATIONS OP THE PRUSSIAN ARMY 
OF tHE LOWER RHIN]^ 

h was cm .the 15th of this modthy that Napdepn^ a/ter 
baying .cotleelcd^ on the 14tb,.five corps of bis aumy, md 
the aeferal cor]^ of the gnssA, bet>teeQ Maubeuge ^nd 
Beatunoiit^ domtneiiced hoaltlitiesw Ilie points 6f coa^^Qn- 
tratkm of ^ four Prassian eorps, were Fleariw, .Namuri 
Cineyy and Hannnt ; the iitaation of which macle it possible 
to mmte the arniy^ in one of these points^ in £4 hours. 

On the 15th, Napoleon advanced by Thuin, up^a the 
twer banks 6f the Sambre, ai^nst Cfharleroi. {General 
ZJetfaen had collected the first corj^ near Fleunts^ and had, 
6ft that dffijr, a very warm acttoa with the enetavt ..^bo, 
after havii^ taken CharIeroi> directed his .march upoa 
PleBrua. (General Ziethen maintained himself in hU position 
Beaf that jdaoe. 

Pidd Marshal Blncher iflteading t6 fight a great battle 
with the enemy a^ soon, as possiblei ihe three other corps 
of the Prnssiian army were eotuidquently directed v^ptm 
Sombref, a league and a half .froni Fkuruis, where the £d 
iind 3d corps weris to arrive on the 15th, and the 4th corps 
itai the I6th. 

^ Lord Wellington. had united bis army between Ath and 
NiveBes^ which enabled him to assist Field Marshal Bluchers 
ill case the battle should be fonght ou the 15th« 

JUNE 16.-BATTLE OP LIGNY. 

The Pmsttan army was posted on the heights between 
Brie and Sombref, ajid beyond the last place, and occupied 
with a lar^ force the villages of St Amaud and Ligoy, 
Mldat^ in its front. . , Mean time, only three corps of th^ 
army had joiaed ; the fourth, which was stationea between 
iMge and Hannut, had been delayed in its march by several 
eircnmstances, and was not yet come up. Nevertheless, 
Field Marshal. Blucher resolved to give battle; Lord Wel- 
lington having aJbready put in motion^ to support hjm, a strong 
divistoo of his army, as well ^ bis whole reserve^ stationed 
in the environs of Brussels, and the fourth corps of the 
Prosiian krmy being also on the point of arriving. 

The battle began at three o'clock in the afternoon. The 
enemy brought up above 130,000 men. The Prussian army 
was 80,000 strong. The village of St. Amand was the first 
point attacked by the enemy, who carried it, after a vigorous 
resistance. 



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£02 R&USSIAK ACCOUNT. 

He then directed his efforts against Lignj. . It is a large 
Tillage^ solidly built^ situate on a rivulet of the same name* 
It was there that a contest began which may be considered 
as one of the most obstinate recorded in history. Villages 
have often been' taken^ and retaken : but here the combat 
continued for five hoUrs in the villages themselves, and the 
movements, forwards or backwards, were confined to a very 
narrow space. On both sides fresh troops ccmtinually came 
up. Each army had, behind the part of the village which 
it occupied, great masses'' of infantry, which maintained the 
combat, and were continually renewed by the reinforce- 
ments which they received from their rear, as well as from 
the heights on the right and left. About two hundred 
cannon were directed from both sides against the village, 
which was on fire in several places at once. From time to 
time the combat extended through the whole line, the enemy 
having also directed numerous troops against the third 
corps ;. however, the main contest was near Li^y. Things- 
seemed to take a favourable turn for the Pmssian troops, a 
part of the village of St. Amand having been retaken by a 
battalion commanded by the Field Marshal in person ; in 
consequence of which advantage we had regained a height^ 
which had been abandoned after the loss of St. Amand. 
Nevertheless, the battle cdntinued about Ligny with the 
same fury- The issue seemed to depend on the arrival of 
the English troops, or on that of the fourth corps of 
the Prussian army; in fact, the arrival of this last 
division would have afforded the Field Marshal the means 
of making, immediately, with the right wing, an attack, 
from which great success might be expected : but news 
arrived that the English division, destined to support us, was 
violently attacked by a corps of the French army, and that 
it was with great difficultV it had maintained itself in its 
position at Quatre Bras. The fourth corps of the, army did 
not appear, so that we were forced to maintain, alone, the 
contest with an army greatly superior in numbers^ The 
evening was already much advanced, and the combat about 
Ligny continued with the same fury, and the same equality 
of success; we invoked, but in vain, the arrival of those 
succours which were so necessary ; the danger became every 
hour more and more urgent; all the divisions were engaged, 
or had already been so, and there was not any corps at 
hand able to support them. Suddenly, a division of the 
enemy's infantry, which, by favour of the night, had made 
a circuit round the village without being observed, at the 
same time that some regiments of cuirassiers had forced the 
passage on the other side, took, in the rear, the main body 
of our aimy, which was posted behind the houses. This 
surprise, on the part of the enemy, was decisive, especially 



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BATtLK 6V WATERLOO, «0$ 

mt the moment when our cavalry^ also posted on a. height 
behind the village^ w{|9 repulsed by the enemy's cavalry in 
repeated attsvcks. 

Our infantry^ posted behind Ligny, though forced to 
retreat^ did not suffer itself to be. diacouraged> either by 
being surprised by the enemy in the darkness^ a circum* 
stance which exaggerates in the mind of man the dangen 
ta which he finds himself exposed, or, by the idea of seeing 
itself surrounded on all aides. Formed in masses, it coolly 
repulsed all the attacks of the cavalry, and retreated in good 
oitler upon the heights, whence it continued its retrograde 
movement upon Tilly. In consequence of the sudden ir- 
ruption of the enemy's cavalry, several of our cannons, in 
their precipitate retreat, had taken directions which led 
them to denies, in which they necessarily fell into disorder^ 
in this manner, 15 pieces fell into the hands of the enemj* 
At the distance of a quarter of a league from the field of 
battle, the army formed again. The enemy did not venture 
to pursue it. liie villa^ of Brie remained in our possession 
during the night, as well as Sombref, where General Thiel« 
man had fought with the third corps, and whence he, at day. 
break, slowly began to retreat towards Gembloux, where 
the fourth corps, under General Balow, had at length 
arrived during the night. The first and second corps pro- 
x^eeded in the morning behind the defile of Mount St. 
Guibert. Our loss in killed and wounded was great; the 
enemy, however, took from us no prisoners, except a part 
of our wounded. The battle was lost, but not our honour* 
Our soldiers had fought with a bravery which equalled 
every expectation; their fortitude remained unshaken, be« 
cause every one retained his confidence in his own strength. 
On this clay. Field Marshal Blucher had encountered the 

Seatest dangers. A charge of cavalry, led on by himself, 
id failed. While that of the enemy was vigorously pur* 
suing, a musket shot struck the Field Marshal s horse : the 
animal, ^iar from being stopped in his career by this wound^ 
be^Bh to gaHop more furiously till it dropped down dead. 
The Field Marshal, stunned by the violent fall, lay en« 
tangled under the horse. The enemy's cuirassiers, follow* 
iiig up their advantage, advanced : our last horseman had 
already passed by the Field Marshal, an Adiutant alone 
remained with him, and had just alighted, resolved to share 
his fate. The danger was great, but Heaven watched over 
iis. The enemy, pursuing their charge, passed rapidly by 
the Field Marshal without seeing him : the next nu)ment, a 
second charge of our cavalry having repulsed them, they 
again' passed by him with the same precipitation, tiot per«« 
cseiving him, any more than they had done the first time* 
Then, but not without difiiculty^ the Field Marshal was 



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tM PBU88IAN ACCOUNT* 

ikea^gofi^ firom under the dctd hone^ afeid iie itM iediitcl y 
.moiuilM a dragoon horse* , . 

On the 17th^ in the evenings the Pratsiaa^rmy oonoettr 
tmted kself io the envirbas lof WaVre* )Iapoleon pot bim- 
•df ift BN>tion fl^tt^t Lord WeBiiwtoa mpon.tbe j^eat road 
leading from C%arleroi to Brosaels. Aa Enem diTtsuMi 
a wHBlii ined, on the same day, near . Qdatie mmB, a rtxj 
itvefe contest with the enemy. Lord WelUiigton ImI iakem 
a position on the road to. J&ratBel8> havidg nis ririit vii^ 
leaning apon Braitie-la-^Leud^tbe centre near Motlt St. Jeai^ 
and the left wing aninst La Have SaiUte* Lord WelHng^ 
ton wrote to the Field Marobal^ that be was ros a l r ed to 
accept the battli^ in this position, if the Fidd MMifaal 
%ronId support him widi tWo corns of hie army. The FieM 
'Marshal prommed to come wttn his whole army; he evte 
pQSposed, in case Napoleon ahoaM not attaek^ thai th^ 
lAllies tfaemaelTes, with their whole united ferc^, shoaM 
attack hMB, die next day. This may eerre to show bow Mttle 
the battle of the l6th had disorganized the Prossian army, 
or wea&ened its m^ral strength. Thus eaded the day of 
the 17th. 

BATTLE OF THfi 18th. 

At bretdc of day the Pmssian army a|nnn began to move* 
The 4th and td corps marched by St. Lambert, where they 
were to take a position, covered by the fbrest, near Friche* 
munt, to take the eHemy in the rear, when the monibent 
sboald appear favourable* The first eorpe was to operate 
by Ofai»n, on the right fhuik of the eneinv. The tbird 
corps was to follow alowiy, in order to awtd succoar m 
case of need. The battle began about 10 o'ekck in ib^ 
inorning^ The English army occopied the heights of Mont 
St Jean ; that of the French was on the heights' befbre 
Planchenoit: the former was abdat 80,000 strong; the 
^ne»y bad above 150^000. In a short time^ the battk 
became general^ along the whole line. It seems that Na^ 
peieon bad the design to throw the left win^ apon the 
centre, and thus to effect the separation! of me fingtiah 
iNiny fi!om the Prussian, which be believed to be retreating 
apoa Maestricht. For this purpose, he bad pkced the 
greatest part of his reserve in me centre, a^amst his fight 
wrog^ and' open this point he attack^ with fury. The 
Eiigiish armjpfbaght with a yaloor which it is iinpo^ble to 
surpass. The repeated charges of the OH Guard wete 
baffled by the intrepidity of the Scottish regiments; and at 
every charge the French cavalry was overthrown by tha 
£ng*lish cavalry. But the superiority of the enemy in 
Ellin bers was too great; Napoleon continually brought foiu 



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94TTLi; OF WAT&ltLOO. SM 

« 

Wiird cMiideraUe oui^aei^ ani, wilb wbaltv^r finaneai die 
Englidi troops mintaioed ibeieselves in Miek f^o^khOQ, %% 
«•$ not poisifale Im^I that such heioic exertions auist have 4 
Imiu 

It *w«s half-past foor o'clock. The excesaiye difficult 
of the paaaaffc by the defile of St. Laaibert^ had con^idec^ 
aUy retarded the march 6f the Pmesiaii coIumo$ry so itel 
ottij two hr^^ades of the fourth corps had iMrriyed at tb« 
covered positicm which waa assigned to thew« The decittie 
■KMoent was come; there was not an instant to be losA* 
The .Generals did not suffer it to esoape* They resolved 
kwnediately to begin tl^ attack with the troops which thqr 
hftd at hand. GeMsral Bolow^ therefore* with two brig adea 
and a corps of cavalry^ advanced rapidly upon the reai of 
the enemys right wing. The enemy did not lose hia pre* 
atiMJe of laittd ; he iastaintly turned bis reserve agaiAst m^ 
aad a munlerous conflict began on that side. The combal 
vaaiained hmg oBcertain^ wkAle the battle with the English 
mtmj sttll cotttmued with the same violeace. 

Towards six o'clock in the eveningi we recetm] the news 
fliat General Thiebtan^ with the third corps, wm attacked 
near Wavre by a Terv considerable corps ot the enemy, and 
that they were ahready dispubog the possession of the tpwn* 
The Fidd Marshal, however, did not suffer hidciseif to be 
dialacbed by this news ; it was on the spot where he was» 
and no where else, that the affair was to be decided. A 
Goniict continually supported by the same obstinacy, and 
kept up by fresh troops, conld alone insure the victory, and 
if it were obsaincd heiie> any reverse sustained near Wavre 
was of little <xmitqneskce» The columns, therefore, con* 
tiniied their movenents. It was half an honr past seven> 
and the issne o£ the battle was still uncertain « The whole 
of the 4th eorpSE, and a part of the sad, under General Pirch^ 
had successively come up. The French troops fought with 
fk»erate fmyt however, some uncertainty was perceived 
ha their mo^eaaents^ and it was observed that some piece* 
of cannon wcve letreating. At this moment, the &m co- 
inmns of the corps of General Ziethen arrived on the poinM 
nf attack, near tise village of Smonhen, on the enempr'i 
right flaok^ and instantly chained. This moment decided 
the dcieas of' the enemy. His right wing was broken in 
thffce places; he ri>andoned his posiliohs. Our troop$ 
rushed forward at the pas dt charge, and attacked him on 
aU sicks, while, at the same time, the whole £Bglisl^ line 
advanced* 

Circumstances were extremely favourable to the attack 
formed by the Prussian army ; the ground rose in an am* 
phitbeatre, so that our artillery coukl freelv ojpen its fire 
front the summit of a great many heights which rose gra- 



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W6 MVSSIAN ACCOUMT* 

dually above each other^ and in the intervals of which the 
troops desccDded into the plain^ formed into hrigades^ and 
in the greatest order; while'fresh corps oontinaaliy unfolded 
themseTveSj issuing from the forest on the height behind U8« 
The enemy, however, still preserved means to retreat^ till 
the village of Plancbenoit, which he had on his rear, and- 
which was defended by the guard, was, after several bloody 
attacks^ carried by storm. From that time the retreat 
became a rout, which soon spread through the whole French 
army, and^ in its dreadful confusion, hurrying away 
every thing that attempted to stop it, soon assumed the 
appearance of the flight of an armv of barbarians. It was 
faalf-]>ast nine. The Field Marshal assembled all the anpe- 
fior officers, and gave orders to send the last horse and the 
last man in pursuit of the enemy. The van of the army 
accelerated its march. The French being pursued wiUiout 
intermission, was absolutely disorganized. The causeway 
presented the appearance of an immense shipwreck; it was 
covered with an innumerable quantity of cannon, caissons, 
carriages, baggace, arms, and wrecks of every kind. Those 
of the enemy who had attempted to repose for a Ume, and 
bad not expected to be so quickly pursued, were driven 
from more than nine bivouacs. In some villages they at- 
tempted to maintain themselves ; but as soon as they heard 
the Deatine of our drums, or the sound of the trumpet, they 
either fled or threw themselves into the houses, where they 
were cut down or made prisoners. It was moonlight, which 
greatly favoured the pursuit, for the whole march was but a 
continued chace, either in the corn fields or the houses. 

At Genappe, the enemy had entrenched himself with 
cannon, and overturned carriages : at our approach, we sud« 
denly beard in the town a great noise and a motion of car- 
riages ; at the entrance we were exposed to a brisk fire of 
musketry; we replied by some cannon shot, followed by a 
hurrah, and, an instant after, the town was ours. It was 
b^re that, among many other eouipages, the carriage ol 
Napoleon was taken ; he had just left it to mount on horse- 
back, and, in his hurry, had forgotten in it his sword and 
hat. Thus the afiairs continued till break of day. About 
40^000 men, in the most complete disorder, the remains of 
the whole army, have saved themselves, retreating through 
Charleroi, partly without arms, and carrying with them 
only 97 pieces of their numerous artillery. 

The enemy, in his flight, had passed all his fortresses, the 
only defence of his frontiers^ which are now passed by our 
armies. 

At three o'clock. Napoleon had dispatched, Ixom the field 
of battle, a courier to Paris, with the news that victory. was 
no longer doubtful: a few hours after, he had no looiger 



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BATTLB or WATERLOO. €07 

any aJrmy lrfi» We have not yet any exact accoont of the 
eaemy's los^; it is enough to knowj that two^thirds of the 
whole were killed^ wounoed, or prisoners: among the latter 
are Generals Monton^ Dahesme, and Compaos. Up to 
this time about 300 cannon, and above 500 caissons, are in 
our hands. 

Few victories have been so complete; and there iseej^ 
tainly no exam|>lf5 that an army, two days after losing a 
battle, engaged in such an action, and so gloriousi v mam- 
tained it. Honour be to troops capable of so much firmness 
and valour ! In the middle of the position occu6ied by ihe 
French army, and exactly upon the heisht^ is a tarm, called 
La Belle Jlliance, The march of all the Prussian columns 
was directed towards this farm, which was visible from every 
side. It was there that Napoleon was during the battle ; it 
was thence that he gave his orders, that he nattered himself 
with the hopes of victory ; and it was there that his ruia 
was decided. There, too, it was, that, b^ a happy chance. 
Field Marshal Blucher and Lord Wellington met in the 
dark, and mutually saluted each other as victors. 
. - In commemoration of the alliance which now subsists 
between the English and Prussian nations, of the union of 
the two armies, and their reciprocal confidence, the Field 
Marshal desired, that this battle should bear the name of 
La Belle Alliance. 

By the order of Field Marshal Blucher, 

General GNEISENAU. 

N.B. The Prussians lost 33,120. Editor. 
PROCLAMATION, 

ADDRESSED BT FIELD MARSHAL PRINCE BLUCHER TO 
THE ApRMT of THE LOWER RHINE, TO BE READ AT 
THE HEAD OP EVERT BATTALION. 

Brave Officers and Soldiers of the Army of the Lower 
Rhine— 

You have done great things, brave companions in arms. 
You have fought two battles in three days. The first was 
unfortunate, and yet your courage was not broken. 

You have had to struggle with privations, but you have 
borne them with fortitude. Immoveable in adverse fortune, 
after the loss of a bloody battle, you marched with firmness 
to fight another, relying on the God of battles, and full of 
confidence in your Commanders, as well as of perseverance 
in your efforts against presumptuous and perjured euemies, 
intoxicated with their victory. 

It was with these sentiments you marched to support the 
brave £ng1ish, who were maintaining the most arduous 
contest with unparalleled firmness. But the hour whicii* 



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f09 EV#«IAlt ACCOtTMT* 

wa» to d^ide ifab ^at straggle has struck^ anS has abemt 
i»1io waa to gi^ the ItLW, whether an adventtfrefi or G^ 
▼ernmetits w£o are the Frieods of order. Destiny was stSif 
undecided, when you appeared issuing from the forest 
which concealed you frooi the enemy, to atlaek his rear 
with that coolnessj that firmness, that confidence, whicb 
characterizes experienced soldiers, resolved to avenge the 
vevetBea they had experienced two days before.' There, 
rapid as lightning, you penetrated his already shaken co« 
IttttMls. Nothing could stop you in the career of victoty. 
The enemy in his despair tarned his artillery upon you ; but 
^ou poured diealh into his ranks, and your progress caused 
HI them disorder, dispersion, and, at last, a complete ront. 
He f<nMd himself obliged to abandon to you several hun* 
dreds of catinon ; and his army is dissolved. 

A few days will suffice to annihilate these perjured legions, 
yf^ were coming to consummate the slavery and the spo^ 
liation of the universe. 

AH great Commanders have' regarded it as impossible 
immediately to renew the combat with a beaten army : you 
have proved that this opinion is ill founded^, you have 
J>roVea, that resolute warriors may be vanquishfed, but tfiat 
their valour is not shaken. 

Receive, then, my thanks, incomparable soldiers — ol>- 
jects of all my esteem. You have acquired- a great reputa- 
tion, Tlie annals of Europe will eternize your triumphs. 
It is on you, immoveable coliimns'of the Prussian mo- 
narchy, that the de^tinies of the Kiog^ and hip august house^ 
will for ever repose. 

I>}ever will Prussia cease to exist; while your sons and 
your grandsons resemble you. 

(Signed) BLUCHER. 

RUSSIAN ACCOUNT. 

Letter from General Pozxo di Borgo to his ExecUeney 
Prince Wolkon$ky. (First Polished in tUs W^kJ 

I have had the honour of giving your Excellencv an 
account of the advantageous action which the Duke of 
Wellington had fought on the 4*16 of June, at the place 
called I^s Quatre Bras.* The,m6vement of Prince,Blacber 
.having induced his Grace to remove his head-quarters to 
Waterloo, on the 5-17, he took a^ position in advance of 
that place, at the point where the great causeway from 
Brussels to Namur crosses that which leads to Biaine-la-Leud. 

Though the ground is open, and without any remarkable 
feature, it rises almost insensiblv upon this point, to the 
distance of half a league. At tne right extremity of the 

* At presentf the Editor hat not been able to obtaia tliis Docoment 

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BJkXTliE OF ajLTfULhOO. fl08 

Uftok of thit elefatkm^ there is a £um| consbtiiig;; of a etotte 
homte, of a siarf bimding wall, and of a wood iotersected by 
QAtor^I bedgef and ditqbes* It iras «poa ibis ground that 
the Duke resolved to expect the eneipy; be placed bis 
batteries, occupied the farm and the ^dea, and dre^^ up 
hit army along the eminence, protected by its height from 
the enemy's fire. 

The army being composed of different troops, be took 
the precaution to support each of them by. Epglish infantry, 
all oisposed in ^ocb a.maoper a9 to be able to succour the 
point threatened. 

On the 6-18, towards noon, the French army, com- 
manded by Bonaparte, begap the attack ; his first efforts 
were directed against the farm, of which I have made 
mention ; af^er several attempts, he succeeded, at about 
half*paai one o'clock, in dislodging a part of the troops 
from it The Duke hastened to the spot, and ordered two 
battalions to retake it, i^pd to defeita themselves there to 
the last extremity* His orders were punctually executed. 

The en^my tbed diirected two strong columns against our 
centre. The Diike of Wellington in person, led some bat« 
taiions of infantry against these columns, and Lord Uxbridge 
conducted the cavahy. They attacked at the point of the 
bayonet; the Frencn were overthrowfi, and their cavalrj 
broken (ctilbutee). In this charge, one eagle, a standara, 
and' about 1200 prisoners were taken. The victorious troops 
instantly returned tch their positions^ and reformed Uieir 
line. 

The attack on the farm did not cease ; the enemy pene- 
tinted to it, but was never abl^ to establish a footing, there* 

Bonaparte seeing that he could not obtain any advantage, 
manoeuvred with all his CM^alry, and a. part of his infantry^ 
against our right, tried to out-flank it with 17,000 cavabry, 
and began by a most vigorous attack. The Duke made his 
dispositions in consequence; the cavalry of both armies 
charged ; the squares of infantry remained immoveable, 
and repulsed every attack : this aUempt of the enemy was 
baffled. At last, about six o'clock, he repeated another 
attack upon our centre^ and succeeded in getting as far as 
the eminence. The Duke caused him to be attacked, over- 
threw him, pursued him, and the rout became general. 

Prince Blucher' had announced, that he would march 
against the riffht of the French. On the advance, the two 
Field Marshals met each other, about half-past eight in the 
evening. 

The army of Lord Wellington did not exceed 50,000 
actually engaged. The enemy was far superior, especially 
in cavalry. The Prince Royal of Orange is wounded in the 
shoulder ; it is hoped that he wiH recover. Lord Uxbridge 



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haB had a thigh ftactored. Sir Thomas Picton ia killed* 
The Duke'a head^quartcra will beat Nivellet this evcniag. 
He is gone to BrusaeU to make op his dispi^es* (four 
fairc son expedition). 

P. S. Just as I am going to seal my letter, news is brought 
that 300 cannon are already taken, and also the equipages 
of Bonaparte^ and prisoners innumerable. 

AUSTRIAN ACCOUNT. 

C First PubUskedin this Work.) 

Bead-quarters of the AUied Savertigns, 
Heidelberg, June 2 1, 1815. 
General Baron Vincent having been disabled from writif^ 
in consequence of the Wound he received in tic BaHle^ 
Waterloo, the Austrian Government gave Publicity to the 
following Account of the Military EvenU on the jiS, 16/A, 
nth, and 18M of June, in the Netherlands, and of the 
great Victory obtained over Bonaparte and the French 
Army, by the Duke of Wellington and Prince Blucher. 

^On the 12th of June, in the morning, at three o'clock. 
Napoleon Bonaparte left Paris, and, taking the road by 
Soissons, Laon, and Avesnes, arrived at Maubeuge on the 
ISth, in the evening. Soult, as Major, went before him 
on the 9th, by the way of Lille; as also Jerome Bonaparte, 
Marshal Mortier, and the guards. All the disposable troops, 
between the North Sea and the Maese, were collected in five 
corps d'armee,betwecn theSambreand theMeuse;150,000men, 
of whom 25,000 were cavalry, with 60 batteries of cannon,* 
were destined to a grand attack, which was to force Marshal 
Blucher over the Meuse, and the Duke of Wellington 
towards Flanders. Even the corps of General Giwd, 
which was stationed about Metz, was made to approach by 
way of Sedan, in order, in case of need, to serve as a 
reserve. 

•' It was, evidently, the internal situation of France that 
induced Bonaparte to the hazardous step of staking the 
very flower of his strength against two generals who were 
fully equal to him*. In the first place. It was only on the 
field of battle that he could become again perfect master of 
the army, whose creature he was become, and which com- 
bined in itself many discordant elements; in the second 
place, the first, as unimportant, as tumultuous sittinc^s of 
the new representatives of France, which are before^ the 

• CtTOot's report to the chamber of rcpresentatiYet. on the inh of June. * 
officially state*, that the French artiUtry cousisted in all of 100 batteries, tibml 
pieleljr orgaowed, and in the line with the difier«at acnieg. 



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BATTLB OF WATERtOO. fill 

public ia the journab^ showed the interaal contradiction 
and the danger of his position so very clearly, that he could 
no longer hesitate to remove his throne fromTthe capital to 
the camp, 

^' Thus, it happenedj that he opened the campaiKn just at 
the moment when the Russian troops had entered into the 
line of the great force collected upon the Rhine, and when, 
therefore, no connected system of resistance was possible, 
except from the centre of France, and when the most for- 
tunate result of his attacks could have no other effect than 
that of removing him still further from the solution of the 
problem which was, in fact, before him. ^ 

''According to accountsjust received from the Nether- 
lands, hostilities began there on the 15th instant. The 
enemy who had, in the last few days, collected all his 
forces between the Sambre and the Meuse, and had as- 
sembled five corps d'armee, put his columns in motion on 
the 15th, upon 'both banks of the Sambre, hoping to stkr- 
prise the Prussian army in its cantonments, and, by a rapid 
advance, perhaps, to hinder the different corps from con- 
centrating themselves, and also to prevent the union of the 
Prussian army under Prince Blucher, with that under the 
Puke of Wellington. As the two armies were cantoned, 
with all their troops, at the extreme frontiers of the enemy, 
their union was not practicable in any point except in the 
neighbourhood of Brussels.. To keep in view this main 
object, namely, mutual union, and to direct their operations 
accordindy,^was the determination of the two iiustrious 
commanders; and it was happily attained on the. 17th, 
amidst continual and very bloody battles, by the valour of 
their troops, and by fresh proofs of their talents. The fol- 
lowing, according to the statements of the couriers, who 
have just arrived, is a summary of these events. 

*'On the 15th, at half-past five in the morning, the posts- 
of the Prussian first corps, under General Von Zietheh, 
upon both sides of the Sambre, were attacked^ and the 
points of Thuin and Charleroi were taken, after an obsti- 
nate resistance from the troops which were statipned there. 
This Genera], according to his instructions, retreated fight- 
ing, and took a position at Fleurus. -Field Marshal Prince 
Blucher, who had his head-quarters at Namur, assembled 
at Sombref the second corps, which was lying in the 
neighbourhood. The Duke -of Wellington assembled his 
troops about Soignies and Braine le Comte. The enemy 
pushed his posts, this day, to Genappe, in order to inter- 
rupt the communication between the two armies. This 
induced the Duke of Wellington to place his reserve, on 
the morning of the l6th, at Quatre Bras, in order to ap- 
proach on his side the Prussian army, and, by thus forcing 

c - 

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ite AUSTRIAN ACCOUKT. 

the enemy to employ a part of bis force against tbc Eoglidi 
army, to aflford all the aid he could to Prince Blvcber. 
The three corps of the Prussian army collected, on the 
forenoon of the l6th, had the following position. On tfce 
right wing, the villaee of Brie ; before the front, St. Amand ; 
on tfie left wing, the village of Ligny ; the third corps, at 
Point du Jonr. 

*^ On the l6tb, in the forenoon^ he advanced his columni 
beyond Charleroi, and soon commenced an attack upoa 
Prince Bludier — against whom he directed his chief force. 
His strengdi was estimated at 120,000 foot, and £2,000 
cavalry. It consist^ of the first, second, third, tod fonrth 
corps of the French army, the guards, and the reserves. 

*' Tlie fDurth Prussian corps, which was cantoned in the 
neighbourhood of Liege, had found it impossible to jdn the 
others. The Prussian army was, therefore, far inferior in 
strength to the enemy. However, it was a considerable 
mass, and all depended on maintaining the ground with 
this, in order to give the more remote corps, as well of the 
Duke of Wellington as of the Prussian army, time to come 
up. Prince Blncher, intimately persuaded how important 
this was, resolved to accept the battle, notwithstandmg the 
superiority of the enemy. About three o'clock in the after- 
noon, large masses of the enemy attacked the village of 
St. Amand. After a resistance, which cost the enemy verj 
dear, it was taken ; recovered again by the Prussian troops, 
again tAken by the enemv ; stormed, for the third time, by 
the Prussians, and, at fast, each party remained in pos* 
session of one half of it, so that the part called Little St 
Amand, and La Haye, remained in the occupation of the 
Prussian army. It was now five o'clock. Tne enemy di- 
rected his attacks against the village of Ligny, when a 
combat began that was still more murderous than the former. 
The village lies on the rivulet Ligny ; the enemy had his 
artillery upon the heights on the mrther bank; that of the 
Prussians was planted on the heights upon the hither bank. 
Amidst alternate attempts to take it from each other, one 
of the most bloody conflicts, recorded in history, continued 
here for four hours. Prince Blucher, in person, sword ia 
band, continually led his troops again to the combat. The 
battle was, at last, undecided ; the village remained here 
also, half in the possession of each party. Thus the day- 
declined ; it was between eight and nine in the evenings 
when the enemy brought forward his masses of cavalry to 
attain his object, namely, to cut off the communication of 
' the Prussians with the English army. This induced Field 
Marshal Blucher to withdraw his army by way of Tilly to 
Wavre, in order to join the fourth corps of the Prussiait 



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BATTLB OF WATBftLOO. <1S 

armyj and to form an immediate junction with the Dake 
of Wellington. 

^ The English army had heen engaged, on this day, with 
Marshal Ney and the French cavaJry^ under General Kel« 
lermann ; and on that side also the battle bad been ex« 
tremely bloody. The Duke of Wellington had been able to 
bring up only a part of his troops. However, the enemy had 

Sihed no ground, and^ at nine o'clock in the morning of 
e 17th, the Duke was still on the field of battle, and re- 
gulated his movement to join with the Prussian army ia 
such a manner, that his army was, on the 18th, at Waterloo* 

** The momentary interruption of the communication be* 
tween the two allied armies, was the cause that the move- 
ment of the Prussian army upon Wavre was not known to 
the Duke till the 17tb, in the momine. By this battle of 
Blucher's, the Duke of Wellington had gained time to 
collect his army; and, on the 17th, in. the forenoon, it 
stood at Les Qnatre Bras. At ten o'clock he put it in 
motion, and made it take up a position with the right wing, 
upon Braine la Lend, and the left upon La Haye. The 
enemy, on his side, followed, the same evening, with large 
masses, to within a cannon shot of the camp. 

** In this position, the Duke was induced not to decline the 
battle, if iVince Blucher would approach nearer to him. 
Prince Blucher accepted the proposal, in case the enemy, 
as it was to be expected, should fall with all his forces on 
the Duke of Wellington. He resolved, in this case,* to 
march his army, by the way of St. Lambert, into the 
enemy's flank and rear. Early in the morning of the Jdth, 
the fourth corps marched for this purpose through Wayre. 
It arrived at half-past eleven, at St. Lambert, and was fol- 
lowed by the second, and then by the first corps. 

'* As the third corps was on the point of following, it was- 
attacked close to Wavre, by a corps of the enemy, which 
Bonaparte had detached thither to observe the Prussian 
anny. Prince Blucher left General Thielman with the 
third corps, to oppose it, and keeping his tnind constantly 
fixed on the grand object, turned all the rest against the 
mass of the enemy. 

*' Towards eleven o'clock, the enemy developed from La 
Belle Alliance, his attacks upon Mont St. Jean,* which 
was the most important point of Wellington's position, and 
was occupied by 1000 infantry. A massy wall was raised 
there as a defence, and two successive violent attacks of the 
en^my, each with six battalions of infantry, were repulsed. 
Now Bonaparte advanced his cavalry, and undertook a ' 
general attack on the Duke's whole line. This also was 
repulsed. But the smoke of the cannon and musketry was, 

* Tbu is sur«lj a mistake for Uougoumont. 

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i\4 AVftTRlAN ACCOUNT. 

fDr a long time, prevented from rising by a heavy tempes- 
taous aio &nd concealed the approach of the colamns of 
in fan try » which were all directea ^tgainst the centre. Fresh 
attacks of cavalry were designed to employ the English 
ioiantry, till the Frencli came up, and no infantry less prac- 
tised^ and less cool than the English^ could have resisted 
such attacks. 

" The first French attack^ of this description, was repulsed 
about two o'clock ; but Bonaparte renewed it five or six 
times, till about seven o'clock, with equal courage. The 
English cavalry, of the King's household troops, led on by 
Lord Uxbridge, made, about six o'clock, some very bril- 
liant attacks, and cut to pieces two battalions of the old 
guard, into whose mosses they penetrated. 

'' About thi^ time, the extraordinary loss of men^ and the 
necessity of bringing the reserves into the line, made the 
situation of the Duke of Wellington critical. Prince BIncher, 
however, had advanced with the fourth corps, over Lasne 
and Aguiers, and, about five o'clock, his first cannon-shot 
were fired from the heights of Aguiers. He extended his 
left wing towards the Chassee of Genappe, in order to make 
his movement quite decisive. Bonaparte, upon this, threw 
some masses of his infantry upon La Haye, Papelotte, and 
Frichemont, of which he made himself master ; by which 
the armies of Blucher and Wellington were separated. 

*' Prince Blucher had, however, at an earlier period, di- 
rected the first corps from S^ lAmbert, over Ohain, to 
strengthen the Duke's left wing ; and the head of this corps 
reached La Haye about seven o'clock, took this village 
without much resistance, advanced in masses, and restored 
the communication with the fourth corps ; upon which i^ 
advanced, along with it, aeainst La Belle Alliance, in order 
to disengai^e the Duke of Wellington, who was still occu- 

Eied by a heavy fire of musketry alon^ his whole line, and 
ad been obliged to withdraw his artillery into the second 
position. When the enemy saw himself taken in the rear, 
a flight commenced, which soon became a total rout, when 
the two allied armies charged the enemy on all sides. Fiekl 
Marshal Blucder, who was the nearest to Genappe, under- 
took the nursuit of the enemy, as the two commanders met 
at La Belle Alliance about nine in the evening. 

'' About 1 1 at ni^ht Prince Blucher reached Genappe : the 
enemy made a fruitless lUtempt to maintain himself there ; 
he was instantly overthrown. Prince Blucher made his army 
march the whole night, in order incessantly to break all the 
' enem/s masses that were still together : when the courier 
came away on the 19th 300 cannon and powder waggons 
were already taken, as well as BcKnaparte's Field equipage. 
" Thus, by the aid of Providence, by the unanimity and 



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BATTLB OV WATBBLOO. fil5 

bravery of the two allied armies, and by the talents of their 
Generals, was obtained one of the greatest and most decisive 
victories recorded in history. 

'^ The loss of the Allies on these bloody days of the 15thj 
]6th, 17th, and 18th of June may amount to 30,000 men 
killed and wounded. Among the superior officers of the 
English Army lilted, were the Duke of Brunswick OeIs« 
Generals Picton, Ponsonby, and Fuller, the Dukes Aids de 
Camps, the Colonels Gordon and Canning; wounded, the 
Qnarter-Master General of the Army De Lancey, General 

Sir Barnes, the Prince Royal of the Netherlands, Lord 

Fitzroy Somerset, the Hereditary Prince of Nassau WeiU 
burg (slightly) and of the Duke of Wellington's Suite, the 
Austrian General, Baron Vincent, the Russian General, 
Count Pozzo di Borgo, and almost all the Duke's Aids de 
Camps. 

'* The loss of the Prussian Army on the 18th is not men- 
tioned^ no reports havine been made. On the 15th and 
'l6th there were among the killed. Colonel Von Thieman ; 
wounded. Generals, Von Holzendorf and Juergass, and of 
the Suite of Prince Blucher, the English Colonel Harding, 
and several Aids de Camps. On the l6th the Princes horse 
fell under him pierced ,with balls, at the moment of an at* 
tack of Cavalry, a part of which code over him. The con- 
tusions thereby occasioned, in the thigh and shoulders, did 
not however hinder him from leading on his troops in per* 
son, in the battle of the 18th. 

. '^ On the 19tb, the Field Marshal had his head quarters 
already at Charleroi, and was pursuing the enemy with his 
accustomed ardour. 

" Several French generals and officers came over after the 
battle, and their number was eacreasing every moment. 

SPANISH ACCOUNT. 
General Miguel Alava, in quality of Minister Plenipo- 
tentiary to the King of the Netherlands, from the lung 
of Spain, having shared the dangers of the battle, by the 
side -of liie Duke of Wellington, has addressed his court, 
under the date of the £Oth of June, from Brussels, giving an 
account of the battles of Quatre Bras, and Waterloo. 

The following is a Copy of his Dispatch to Don Pedro 
Cevallos, principal Secretary of State to Ferdinand VII. 
(Ftrtt Published in this Work, as a Translation of the whole Gazette^ 
and which, in other accounts, is onfy given in part,) 

Supplement to the Madrid Gazette of Thursday, \3th July, 1815. • 

Licutenant-General of the Royal Armies, Don Miguel de Alava, 
Minister Pleoipotentiary of His Majesty in Holland, haa addressed to 
His Excellency Don Pedro Cevallos^ First Secretary of State, the 
^following letter : 

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ftl9 SPANI$H ACOOUNT. 

Modt Excdlent Sir, 

The short space of time that has intervened betweeti the 4e* 
parture of the last post and the victory of the 18th» has not allowed 
me to write to your Excellency so diffusely as I could have wished ; 
and although the army is, at this moment, on the point of marchings 
And I also am going to set out for the Hague to deliver my creden- 
tials, which I did not receive till this morning ; nevertheless, I will 
^ve your Excellency some details respecting this important event, 
which, possibly, may bring us to the end of die war much sooner 
than we had any reason to expect 

I informed your Excellency, under date of the l6th imst that 
Bonaparte, marching from Maubeuge and Philip peville, had attacked 
the Prussian posts on the Sambre, and that, idter driving them horn 
Charleroi, he had entered that city on the 15th. 

On the l6th, the Duke of Wellington ordered his army toassemUe 
on the point of Quatre Bras, where the roads cross from Namur to 
Mivelles, and from Brussels to Charleroi ; and he himself proceeded 
to the same point, at seven in the morning. 

On his arrival, he found the Hereditary Prince of Orange, with a 
division of his own army, holding the enemy in check, till the other 
divisions of the army were collected. 

By this time, the British division, under General Picton, had 
arrived, with which the Duke kept up an unequal contest with more 
than 30.000 of the enerav, without losing an inch of ground. The 
British Guards, several regiments of itifantry, and the Scottish Brigade, 
covered themselves with glory on this day ; and Loid Wellington toU 
me, on the following day, that he never saw hh troops behave b^t^, 
during the number of years he had -commanded them. 

The French Cuirassiers likewise suilered much on their part ; fofy 
confiding in their breastpplates, they approached the Britkh squares 
so near, that they killed officers of the 42d regiment with their 
swords; but those valiant men, without flinching^ kept up so strong a 
fire, that the whole ground was covered with the Cuirassiers and their 
horses. 

In the meantime, the troops kept coming up; and the night put an 
end to the contest in this quarter. 

During this time, Bonaparte was fighting, with the remainder of his 
forces, against Marshal Blucher, with whom he had commenced a 
bloody action at five in the afternoon ; from which time, till nine in 
the evenings he was constantly repnhed by the Prussians, widi great 
loss on both sides. But, at that moment, he made hii cavalry charge 
with so much vigour^ that they broke the Prussian line of infantry, 
and introduced disorder and confusion throughout. 

Whether it was that Bonaparte did not perceive this incident, or 
that be had experienced a great loss; or, what is more probable, that 
^larshal Blucher had re established the battle, the fact is, that he 
derived no advantage whatever from this accident, and that he left him 
quiet during the whole of the night of the 1^. 

Lord Wellington, who, by the morninv of the 17th, bad collected 
the whole of his army, in the position of Quatre Bras, was combining 
his meiisures to attack the enemy, when he received a dispatch from 
Marshal Blucher, participating to him the events of the preceding 



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BATTIiB 09 WAT£RliOO. S17 

day> togfither with the incident that had snatched the victon^ out of 
his hands; adding, that the loss he had experienced was of such a 
nature, tb^t he was forced to retreat to Wavre, on our left, where 
the corps of Bulow would unite with him, and that on the l^th he 
would be ready for any thing he might wish to undertake. 

In consequence of this, Lord Wellington was obliged immediately 
to retreat, and this he effected in such a manner, that the enemy did 
not dare to interrupt him in it. He took up a position on Braine 
U Lend, in front of the ^e^ wood of Soignes, as he had previously de* 
termiaed, and placed his head quarters in Waterlog. 

I joined the army on thai morning, though I had received no 
orders to that effect, because I believed that I should thus best 
»erve his M^csty, and at the s^me time fulfil your Excellency's 
directions ; and this determination has afforded me the satisfaction of 
having been present at the most important battle that has been fought 
for many centuries, in its consequences, its duration, and the talents 
•f the chiek who commanded on both sides, and because the peace of 
the world, and the future security of all Europe, may be said to 
have depended on its result. 

The position occupied by his lordship was very good; but, to 
wards the centre, it had various weak points, which required good troops 
^o guard them, and much science and skill on the part of the general 
in chiet These qualifications were, however, to be found in abun- 
dance in the British troops and their illustrious commahder; and^ it 
may be asserted, without offence to any one, that to them both belongs 
the chief part, or all the glory of this memorable day. 

On the right of the position, and a little in advance, was a coun* 
tiy-house, the importance of which Lord Wellington quickly per- 
ceived, because, without it, the position could not be attacked on that 
side, and it might therefore be considered as its key. 

TTi^ Duke confided this important point to three companies of the 
English Guards, under the command of Lord Saltoun, and laboured, 
during the night of the 17th, in fortifying it as well as possible, cover- 
ing its garden, and a wood which served as its park, with Nassau 
troops, as sharp-shooters. 

At half past ten, a movement was observed in the enemy's line, 
and many officers were seen coming from and going to a particular 
point, where there was a very considerable corps of infantry, which 
we literwards understood to be the Imperial Guard ; here was 
Bonaparte in person, and from this point issued all the orders. In 
the mean time, the enemy's masses were forming, and every thing 
announced the approaching combat, which began at half past elever 
the enemy attacking 'desperately with one of his corps, and, with hi 
usual shouts, the counts-house on the right. 

The Nassau troops found it necessary to abandon their post ; 
but the enemy met such resistance in the house, that,^ though they 
surrounded it on three sides, and iattacked it most desperately, they 
were compelled to desist from their enterprise, leaving a great 
number of killed and wounded on the spot. Lord Wellington sent 
fresh English troops, who recovered the wood and garden, and the 
combat ceased, for the present, on this side. 

The enemy then opened a horrible fire of artillery from more 



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418 SPANISH ACCOUNT. 

than 200 pieces, under cover of which Bonaparte made a general 
attack, from the centre to the right, with infimtry and cavaLry» in such 
numbers, that it required all the skill of his Lordship to post his 
troops, and all the good qualities of the latter, to resist the attack. 

General Picton, who was with his division on the road from 
Brussels to Charleroi, advanced with the bayonet to receive them; 
but was unfortunately killed at the moment when the enemy, ap* 
palled by the attitude of this division, fired, and then fled. 

The English Life Guards then charged with the greatest i^gour, 
and the 49th and 105th French regiments lost their respective eagles in 
this charge, together with from t to 3,000 prisoners. A column of 
cavalry, at whose head were the Cuirassiers, advanced to charge the 
Life Guards, arid thus save their infantry, but the Guards received 
them with the greatest valour, and the most sanguinary cavalry 
£ght, perhaps, ever witnessed, was the consequence. 

The French Cuirassiers were completely beaten, in spite of their 
cuirass^i^by troops who had nothing of the sort, and lost one of 
their eagles in this conflict, which was taken by the heavy Englisb 
cavalry^ called the Royab. 

About this time, accounts came that the Prussian corps of Bulow bad 
arrived at St. Lambert, and that Prince Blucher, with the other, under 
the command of General Thielman (Ziethen) was advancing, with all 
haste, to take part in the combat, leaving the other two in Wavre, 
which had suffered so much in the battle of the l6th, in Flaunts* 
The arrival of these troops was so much the more necessary, in con* 
sequence of the forces of the enemy being more than triple, and our 
loss having been horrid during an unequal combat, from half past 
eleven in the morning, till five in the afternoon. 

Bonaparte, who did not believe them to be so near, and 
who reckoned upon destroying Lord Wellington before their arrival^ 
perceived that he had fruitlessly lost more than five hours, and that in 
the critical position in which he would soon be placed, there remained 
no other resource but that of desperately attacking the weak part of 
the English position, and thus, if possible, beat the Duke before bit 
right was turned and attacked by the Prussians. 

Henceforward, therefore, the whole was a repetition of attacks by 
cavalry and infantry, supported by more than 300 pieces of artillery, 
which uniortunately made horrible ravages in our line, and killed and 
wounded officers, artillerists, and horses, in the weakest part of the 
position. 

The enemy, aware of this destruction, made a charge with the 
whole cavalry of his guard, which took some pieces of cannon that 
could not be withdrawn; but the Duke, who was at this point, charged 
them with three battalions of English and three of Brunswickers, and 
compelled them in a moment to abandon the artillery, though we were 
unable to withdraw them for want of horses; nor did they dare to ad- 
vance to recover them. 

At last, about seven in the evening, Bonaparte made a last effort, 
and putting himself at the head of his guards, attacked the above point 
of the English position with such vigour, that he drove back the 
Brunswickers who occupied part of it; and, for a moment, the victory 
was undecided, and even more than doubtful. 

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BAtTLE OT WATERLOO. fil9 

The Duke, wlio felt that the moment was most critical^ spoke to 
the Brunswick troops with that ascendancy which ereiy great maa 
possesses, made them return to the charge, jmd, putting himself at their 
head, again restored the combat, exposing himself to every kind of 
personal danger. 

Fortunately^ at this moment, he perceived the fire of Marshal 
Blucher, who was attacking the enemy's right wiih his usual impeta* 
osity ; and the moment of decisive attack being come, the Duke put 
himself at the head of the English Foot-Guards, spoke a few words to 
them, which were replied to by a general ^tirraA, and his Grace himself 
leading them on with his hat, they marched at the point of the bayonet, 
to come to close action with the Imperial Guard. But the latter began 
a retreat, which was soon converted into flight, and the most com* 
plele rout ever witnessed by military men. Entire columns, throw«« 
ing down their arms and cartouch-boxes, in order to escape the 
better, abandoned the spot on which they had been formed, where 
we took possession of 150 pieces of cannon. The rout at Vittoria 
was not comparable to this, and it only resembles it, inasmuch as on 
both occasions, they lost all Ae train of artillery and stores of the 
army, as well as all the baggage. 

The Duke followed the enemy as far as Genappe, where he 
found the respectable Blucher, and both embraced in the roost cordial 
manner, on the royal road of Charlcroi ; but finding himself in the 
same point as the Prussians, and that his army stood in need of rest 
after so dreadful a struggle, he left to Blucher the charge of following 
up the enemy, who swore, that he would not l^ve them a moment 
of rest. This he is now doing, and-yesterday , at noon, he had reached 
Cbarleroi, from whence, at night, he intended to proceed on after them. 

This is, in substance, what has happened on this memorable 
day; but the consequences of this event are. too visible (or me to 
detain myself in stating them. 

Bonaparte, now tottering on his usurped throne, without money 
and without troops to recruit his armies, has received so mortal a 
blow, that, according to the report of the prisoners, no other re* 
•ource is left him, * dian to cut his own throat.' 

For this reason, they say, they never saw him expose his person 
so much, and that he seemed to seek death, in order not to survive a 
defeat fraught with such ftttal consequences to him. 

1 tdd your Excellency, under date of the l6th, that his manceu* 
vre appeared to me ^treioely daring before such generals as Blucher 
and the Duke : the event has fully justified my prediction. For this 
reason, I conceive, that his executing it has arisen from nothing else 
than desperation, at the appeara^nc^ of the enormous troops about to 
attack him on all quarters of France, and in order to give one of kii 
customary blows before the Russians and Austrians came up. 

His military reputation is lost for ever, and, on this occasion, 
there is no treason on the part of the Allies, nor bridges blown 
up before their time, on which to throw the blame : all the shame 
will fall upon himself. 

Numerical superiority, superiority of artillery, all was in his 
favour ; and hb having commenced the attack, proves that he had 
sufficient means to execute iu 



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920 ^ffSCIAI. ?APEBft. 

. In shorty this talUmaiiy wycb« like « cbarm, had cttdumtei 
JPreBch military meiii has been dashed to pieces on this occasioik 
Bonaparte has for ever lost his reputation of being invincible; aod^ 
henceforward, this reputation will be preserved by an hutioarable 
man, who, &r fix>m employing this glorious title in disturbing 
and enslaving Europe, will convert it into an instrument of her 
felicity, and in procuring for her that peace she so much requires. 

The loss of the British is horrid, and of those who were by the 
side of the Duke, he and myself alone, remained untouched in our 
persons and horses. 

The Duke of Brunswick was killed on the ]6th, and the Princt 
of Orange and his cousin, the Prince of Nassau, aid-de-camp to the 
Duke of Wellington, received two balls. The Prince of Onngt 
distinguished himself extremely; but, unfortunately, although bit 
wound is not dangerous, it will deprive the army of his important 
services for some time, and possibly he may lose the use of his left aim;. 

Lord Uxbridge, genend of cavalry, received a wound at the close 
^ the fetction» which made the amputation of his richt leg necessary ; 
an irreparable loss, for it would be difficult to find anddier chief t* 
lead on the cavalry, with the same courage and skill. 

The Duke was unable to refrain from shedding tears, on 
witnessing the death of so many brave and honouiable men, and the 
loss oi so many friends and faithful companions, and nothing but the 
importance of the triumph can compensate so considerable a losf • 

This morning he has proceeded on to Nivelles, and to-morrow 
he will advance to Mons, from whence he will immediately enter 
France. The opportunity cannot be better. 
. 1 cannot close this dispatch without stating to your Excellency, 
for the information of his Mi^ty, that Capt. Don Nicholas de 
Miouissir, of Doyle's regiment, and of whom I before spoke to your 
Excellency, as well as of his destination iq the army, conducted him* 
self yesteiday with the greatest valour and steadiness, having been 
wounded when the Nassau troops were driven from the garden, be 
rallied them and made them return to their post. During the action, 
he had a horse wounded under biro, and by his former conduct, as 
well as by that of this day, he is. worthy of receiving from his 
Majesty a proof of his satisfaction. 

This officer is well known in the war-office, as well as to Gen« 
Don Josef de Zayas, who has duly appreciated his merits. 

God preserve your Excellency many years, &c. &c. 

(Signed) MIGUEL de ALAVA. 

Brvssels, 20th of June, 1815. 

To his Excellency, Don Pedro Cevallos, &c. &cc. 

P. S. The number of prisoners cannot be stated, for they art 
bringing in great numbers every moment. There are many generals 
among the prisoners ; among whom arc the (Jount de Lobau, aid* 
de-camp to Bonaparte, and Carobrone, who accompanied him to 

Elba. 

My Lori>, Brussels, June IQth, 1815. 

I have to inform your Lordship, in addition to my dis« 
patch of this morning, that we have already got here five 



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BATTLE Of WATimLOO. Ml 

Ihoasftiid prisonets taken in the aotion of yesterday, and 
that there are above two thousand more coming in to- 
monrow : there will probably be many more. Among the 
prisoners are the Count Lobau, who commanded the 6th 
corps^ aad General Cambrone^ who commanded a division 
of the guards, I propose to send the whole to England by 
Ostend. 

I have the honour to be^ &c. 
Marl Bathurst, Ifc. WELLINGTON. 

ORDER OF THE DAY, Juke 20, 1815. 

^' 43 the army is about to eater the French territory, the troops of 
lihe nations which are at present under the command of Field Manhil 
the Duke of Wellington are desired to recollect that their respective 
Sovereigns are the Allies of his Majesty the King of France, and that 
France therefore ought to be treated as a friendly country. It is thai 
required that nothing should be taken either by the Officers or Soldiera, 
for which payment be not made. The Commissaries of the Army will 
provide for the wants of the troops in the usual manner, and it is not 
permitted, either to Officers or Soldiers, to extort contributions. The 
Commissaries will be authorized, either by the Marshal, or by die 
Generals who command the troops of the respective nations, in cases 
where their provisions are not supplied by an English Commissary to 
make the pioper requisitions, for which regular receipts will be given; 
imd it must be strictly understood, that they will themselves be held 
responsible for whatever they obtain in the way of requisition, from 
the inhabitants of France, in the same manner in which they would 
be esteemed accountable for purchases made for their own Govern* 
ment in the several dominions to which they belong. 

(Signed) ** J. WATERS, A. A. G." 

** I acquaint all Frenchmen, that I enter their country at the head 
t)f a victorious army,, not as an enemy, the Usurper excepted, who, 
is the enemy of human nature, and with whom no peace and no truce 
can be maintained. I pass your boundaries to relieve you from the 
iron yoke, by which you are oppressed. In consequence of this deter- 
mination I have given the following orders to my army, and I demand 
to be informed of any one who shall presume to disobey them. 
Frenchmen know, that I have a right to require that they should con* 
dact themselves in a manner that will enable me to protect them 
against those by whom they would be injured. It is therefore necesr 
sary, that they should comply with the requisitions that will be made 
by persons properly authorized, for which a receipt will be given, 
which they will quietly retain, and avoid all communication or cor- 
respondence with the Usurper and his adherents. All those persons 
who shall absent themselves from their dwellings, after the entrance 
of tliis army into France, and all those who shall be found attached 
to the service of the Usurper, and so absent, shall be considered to be 
his partisans and public enemies, and their property shall be devoted 
to the subsistence of the forces. 

" Issued at Head-quarters, from Malplaquet, 
Jmtic 21st, 1815. (Signed) "WELLINGTON* 



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tStt OPVICIAL FAPBRS. 

Extratti of Diqmtche$ received by Earl Bdikurstfrom the 
Duke of WelHngion, 22d and 25M June. 

Le Cateau, June 22^ 1815. 

We have continued in march on the left of the Sambre 
since I wrote to yon. Marshal Blocher crossed that river 
on the I9th, in pursuit of the enemy, and both armies 
entered the French territory yesterday; the Prussians by 
Beaumont,* and the allied army, under my .command^ by 
Bavay. — ^The remains of the French army have retired upon 
Laon. All accounts agree in stating, that it is in a rery 
wretched state; and that, in addition to its losses in battle, 
and in prisoners, it is losing vast numbers of men by 
desertion. — ^The soldiers quit uieir regiments in parties, and 
return to their homes ; those of the cavalry and artillery 
selling their horses to the people of the country. — The third 
corps, which in my dispatch of the 19th, I informed your 
Lordship had been detached to observe the Prussian army, 
remained in the neighbourhood of Wavre till the 20tb ; it 
then made good* its retreat by Mamur and Dinant. This 
corps is the only one remaining entire. — I am not yet able 
to transmit your Lordship returns of the killed and wounded 
in the army in the late actions. It ffives me the greatest 
satisfaction to inform you, that Colonel Delancy is not 
dead ; he is badly wounded, but his recovery is net doobted^ 
and 1 hope will be early. 

Joncourty June 25, 1815. 

Finding that the garrison of Cambrav was not very strong, 
and that the place was not very well supplied with what 
was wanting for its defence, I sent Lieut.-General Sir 
Charles Colville there, the day before yesterday, with one 
brigade of the 4th division, and Sir C. Grant's brigade of 
cavalry ; and, upon his report of the strength of the place, 
1 sent the whole division yesterday morning. I have now 
the satisfaction of reporting, that Sir Charles Colville took 
the town by escalade yesterday evening, with trifling loss, 
and, from the communications which he has since had with 
the Governor of the citadel, I have every reason to hope 
that that post will have been surrendered to a Governor 
sent there by the King of France, to take possession of it, 
in the course of this day. St. Quentin has been abandoned 
by the enemy, and is in possession of Marshal Prince 
Blucher; and the castle of Guise surrendered last night. 
All accounts concur in stating, that it is impossible for the 
enemy to collect an army to make head against us. It 
appears that the French corps which was opposed to the 
Prussians, on the ISth instant, and had been at Wavre, suf- 
fered considerably in its retreat, and lost some of its cannon. 

• The fortress of Avcsnes, after having been attacked for several hours bj 
the Prussians, surrendered, by capkulation, in the night. It was accelerated 
by an accident in the explosion of a niagr.zine of 150,000 pounds of powder« 
«lc«iro^ ing nearly the whole town, and^400 persons.' EDiT0ii.r^p^p^^Tp 

igi ize y ^ ^ 



BATTXB OY WATERLOO. 4BS 

tTnuiMiiitted by the Duke of Welliogton.] 

Gory, June 26, 1815. 
Mt Loud. — Colonel Sir N. Campbell (Major of the 
54th regiment) having asked my leave to go to head- 
qaarlers to reqaest your Grace's permission to return to 
England, [ beg leave to take the opportunity of mention- 
ing, that I feel much obliged to him for his conduct in 
elosing, in the town of Cambray, with the li^ht companies 
of Major General Johnston's brigade^ and in leading one 
of the columns of attack. 

The one which he commanded^ escaladed, at the angle 
formed on our right side, by the Valenciennes gateway^ 
and the curtine of the body of the place. 

A second, commanded by Colonel William Douglas, of 
the 9l8t regiment, and directed by Lieut. Gilbert, Roval 
Engineers, took advantage of the reduced height in that 
part of the »carpe (which, on an average, is^ on that side, 
about fifty^five feet) by placing their ladders on a covered 
communication from this place, to a large ravelin near the 
Amiens road *. 

The Valenciennes gate was broken open by Sir N. 
Campbell, and draw-bridee's let down in about half aqi 
hour, when, on entering tne town, I found that the attack 
made by Col. Mitchell's brigade, on the side of the Paris 
gate, had also succeeded ; the one directed by Captain 
hharpe. Royal Engineers, forced the outer gates or the 
Corre Port in the horn-work, and passed both ditches, by 
means of the rails of the draw-bridges, which they 
scrambled over by the side ; not being able to force the 
main gate, they escaladed by the breach (the state of 
which your Grace had observed) in the morning, and 
before which, although the ditch was said to have twelve 
feet water, a footing on dry ground was found, by wading 
through a narrow part in the angle of the gate, within the 
rampart. I have every reason to be satisfied with the light 
infantry of the division, who, by their fire, covered the 
attacks of the parties, of sixty men each, which preceded 
the column. 

The three brigades of artillery of Lieutenant-Colonel 
Webber Smith, and Majors Knott and Browne, under the 
direction of Lieutenant-tJolonel Hawker, made particularly 
good practice, and immediately silenced the fire of the 
enemj^s artillery, except from two guns on each flank of 
the citadel, which 'could not be got at, and two field 
pieces oA the ramparts of the town, above the Valenciennes 
gate, and which played upon the troops as they debouched 
from the cover they had been posted in. Twenty prisoners 

* A third colaom b«d been fonM4, M not fooad neoeisanr. 

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9SA &OMDOV OAnTTS. 

were made 8t the horn woA of the Parii gatej and about 
one hundred and tbirtj altogether in the town. Their fire 
was rery slacks and even that^ I foresaw, they were forced 
to, by the garrison of the citadel I left the £3d and 91st 
regiments in town, with two guns and a troop of Ensdo^ff 
hussars, and I am much indebted to Sir William Douglas 
and Colonel Dalmer, for their assistance in preserving 
order. Some depredations were committed, but of no 
consequence, when the circumstances we entered by are 
considered. 

From the division, as well as my personal staff, I re- 
ceived every assistance, in the course of the three days 
operations. 

I am, fcc. 

(Signed) CHARLES COLVILLC. 

jtm Extract received by Earl Baikunt, addressed to hi$ 
Lordship by the Duke of Wellington^ dated OrviilS, 
June^S, 1815. 

Mt Lord, 

.The citadel of Cambray surrendered on the eveninff 
of the 25th instant, and the King of France proceeded 
there with his Court and his troops on the 26th. I have 
given that fort over entirely to his Majesty. 

I attacked Peronne, with the 1st brigade of guardsj 
under Major-General Maitland, on the 2oth, in the after* 
noon. The troops took the hornwork, which covers the 
suburb on the left of the Somme, by storm, vrith but 
small loss ; and the town immediately afterwards surrender^ 
ed, on condition that the garrison should lay down their 
arms and be allowed to return to their homes. 

The troops upon this occasion behaved remarkably well : 
and I have great pleasure in reporting the good conduct of 
a battery of artillery of the troops of the Neiherlands. 

I have placed in garrison there two battalions of the 
troops of the King of the Netherlands. 

Tne armies under Marshal Blucher and myself have 
continued their operations since I last wrote to your Lord* 
ship. The necessity which I was under of halting at Cateau, 
to allow the pontoons and ceruin stores to reach me, and 
to take Cambray and Peronne, had placed the Marshal 
one march before me; but I conceive there is no danger 
in this separation between the two armies. 

He has one corps this day at Crespy, with detachments 
at Villars Coterets and La Ferte Miion ; another at Senlis ; 
and the fourth corps, under General Bulow, towards Paris ; 
he will have his advanced guard to-morrow at St. Denis 
and Gonasse. The army under my command has this day 



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BATTLE OF WATERLOO. ftSS 

itfl right behind St. Jast, and its left behind Taub^ where 
the hi^ road from Compei^oe joins the high road frcmi 
Rove to^ Paris. The reserve is at Roye. 

We shall be upon the Oise to-morrow. 

It appears^ by all accoants, that the enemy's corps col- 
lected at SoissonSy and under Marshal Grouchy^ have not 
yet retired upon Paris; and Marshal Blucher's troops are 
already between them and that city. 

Dispatch^ addressed to Earl Bathurst, by his Grace the 
Duke of Wellington, dated Orvilli, June 29, 1815. 

Mt Lorb^ 

Being aware of the, anxiety existing in England to 
receive the returns of killed and wounded in the late 
actions, I now send Lists of the Officers^ (the whole of 
the killed and wounded will be found at the end in an 
alphabetical form) and expect to be able to send, this 
evening, returns of the non-commissioned officers and 
soldiers. The account of non-commissioned officers and 
soldiers, British and Hanoverian, killed^ wounded^ and 
missing, is between 12 and 13,000. 

Your Lordship will see in the inclosed lists the names of 
some most valuable officers lost to his Majesty's service. 
Among them I cannot avoid' to mention Colonel Cameron of 
the 92d, and Colonel Sir H. Ellis of the 2Sd regiments, to 
whose conduct I have frequently drawn your Lordship's 
attention, and who at last fell distinguishing themselves at 
the head of the brave troops which they commanded. 

Notwithstanding the glory of the occasion, it is im- 
possible not to lament such men^ both on account of the 
public^ and as firiends. 

I have the honour to be, &c. 

WELLINGTON. 
Beaumont , June20j 1815. 

All the details which we have hitherto collected concern* 
ing the flight of the French are confirmed here. Bonaparte 
passed through this place yesterday, atone o'clock: he had 
on a grey surtout and a round hat. He took the road to 
Avesnes. Disorder increases every, moment in the French 
army, and the want of disc'rpltne is at the highest pitch. 
The soldiers think themselves .betrayed, and every one 
manifests his wish to return to his home. 

At Beaumont, all fled at the first alarm. Almost at the 
gate of the town we found a piece of cannon abandoned, 
and two more on the road to Solre-le-Chateau. They say 
that the enemy has set on fire a train of pontoons near the 
village of Clermont. I hope I shall be able to save some of 
them 



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fSS OFFICIAL FAPBB8. 

At Cbarleroi, oar troops foand nine catmon and 100' 
caissons abandoned. The crowd upon the bridge was so 
greaty that Bonap&rte was obliged to place there a company 
with fixed bayonets, to stop the fagitives. This company 
was overpowered, and then it was impossible to stop the 
torrent. ' An inhabitant of that town counted twbnty-nine 
pieces which passed the bridge, and six were left between 
Charleroi and Sobre*le-Chateau. 

(Signed) ZIETHEN; 

My Lord, Louvres, June 30th. 

I have the honour of inclosing to your Lordship the re- 
turns of the killed and wounded of the army, on the l6th, 
17th, and 18th; lists of Officers, &c. 

Brigadier General Hardinge, who was employed by me 
with the Prussian army, is not incldded in these returns ; 
but be received a severe wound in the battle, of the l6th, 
and has lost his left hand. He had conducted himself, 
during the time he was so employed, in such a manner as to 
obtain the approbation of Marshal Prince Blucher and the 
officers at the Prussian head quarters^ as well as mine, and 
1 greatly f egret his misfortune. 

1 have the honour to be, &c. &c. 
Earl Bathurst. (Signed) WELLINGTON. 

Tlu following is a Copy of the Form of Prayer and 
Thanksgtvins for the late Victory; ordered to be 
read in all Churches in Greet Britain, ifc. 

'' O God, the disposer of all human events, without 
whose aid the strength of man is weakness, and the counsels 
of the wisest are as nothing, accept our praise and thanks* 
giving for the signal victory which thou hasbrecently vouch- 
safed to the Allied Armies in Flanders. — Grant, O merciful 
God, that the result of this mighty battle, terrible in conflict, 
but glorious beyond example in success, may put an end to 
tbe miseries of Europe, and staunch the blood of Nations. 
£(le$s, we beseech Thee, the Allied Armies with thy continued 
favour. Stretch forth thy right hand to help and direct 
them. Let not the glory of their progress be stained by 
ambition, nor sullied by revenge ; but let Thy Holy Spint 
support them m danger^ control them in victory, and raise 
them above all temptation to evil, through Jesus Christ our 
Lord ; to whom with Thee and the Holy Ghost, be all ho- 
nour and glory now and for ever. Amen." 

PROPOSALS FOR COMMISSIONERS. 

LaoHy June 25, 1815. 
The changes which have taken place in the Government 
of France, by the abdication of the Emperor NapoieoD, 



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BATTLB aV WATERLOO. > £97 

ju^cepted in the name of the French people b;^ their repre* 
sentatives^ himng removed the obstacles which had bin* > 
dered, till this day, the opening of a negociation, calculated 
to prevent the evils of war> between France and the high 
AUied Powers, the undersigned j^ienipotentiaries have 
received full powers for negociating the conclusion and 
simatore of all acts which may conduce to stop the effusioa 
of blood, and . re-establish, upon a stable foundation, the 
general peace of Europe. Thev have, therefore, the honour 
to give this information to His Highness the General ia 
Chief, Prince Blucher, and to beg him to enable them 
immediately to repair to the head*anarters of the Allied 
Sovereigns, and to confer previously with him on the 
subject of a general suspension of arms between the French 
and the Allied Armies, a suspension which has been already 
demanded' by the French General commanding the van- 
guard of the Army of the North, and virtually agreed upon 
between our respective out-posts.. 

The Plenipotentiaries request His Highness the General 
in Chief, Prince Biucher, to accept the assurance of their 
high consideration. , 

Count HoRACB Sebastiani. 

Count Da La Fo«bt. 

La Faybttb. 

B. Constant, Cpuncillor of State. 

D'Argenson. 



ABDICATION OF - BONAPARTE. 

Head-quarters, at La Fillette, June 30, 1815. 

My Loan, — Your hostile movements continue, although, 
according to their declarations, the motives of the war 
which the Allied 'Sovereigns make upon us no longer exist, 
siuce the Emperor Napoleon has abdicated. 

At the moment when blood is again on the point of 
flowing, I receive, from Marshal the Duke of Albufera, a 
telegraphic despatch, of which I transmit you a copy. 
My Lord, I guarantee this armistice on my honour. All 
the reasons you might have had to continue hostilities 
are destroyed, because you can have no other instruction 
from your government than that which the Austrian Ge^ 
nerals had from theirs. 

I make the formal demand to'your Excellency of qeasing 
all hostilities, and that we proceed to form an armistice, 
awaitine the decision of Congress. I cannot believe, my 
Lord, that my request will remain ineffectual; you will 
take upon yourself a great responsibility in the eyes of yoar 
noble tellow-conntrymen. 

. n - 

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Ko otlMr moiire bst tlitt of puttaig.mi cod Id die ^fitp 
«ioa •£ blofxli and tha iotfiestB of mj tomUfy, faitM tiiilr 
AaUd this letter. ] 

if I fmmnt mystlf o& the firid of hattie» with tb« iddi 
t>f your talctttf, 1 Aall ciarry tht oonviolion of Ui^r^ oooir 
iDftting for the most saeied of C40«et, that of tbo dt ftMe 
aod indepetidmoeof ajromiiitry; and, whaierermity Imi ||i# 
multy I fihidl marit jFomr attaem* ' ... 

Jkooqpt/ 1 bag jroo^.inj Lord, the ^Moraooe of my bigboit 

Tha Maishal Prinoe of Ec^moui., MmUt«c at War. 
The ftam^ letter vfSB writtea by His Bxcdleoey to Mnt- 
^al 61aeher. 

PROCLAMATION OF THE DUTCHESS 
lyANGOULEME. 

London, June 26, 1815. 

" If the voi^ of your legitimate King has not y^ t reiK^h- 
fd yq\k, I wff make you ^e^r it. It is in his tuun^ in 
virtue of the powers he has confided to m^, that \ addreiis 
you. 

** Faithful Frenchmen ! JQin the daughter of your Kiags ; 
she does not bring you wA)r; she speaks to you only of 
pefic^ find union. 3he laments the frightful calanuties 
brought upon you by treason and perjury : she cannot look 
without terror to those of which war may still render yoa 
the victims. 

'^ Frenchmen! in the name of the country^ of your fa- 
milies» of all that you hold most dear and sacred upon earth, 
rise ally join yourselves to me, to secure the triumph of die 
paternal views of the best of Kings. 

'V Frenchmen! time is precious, victorious armies ad- 
vance : let a truly national movement, and the expression 
of our fidelity to our Kiqe, at once put an end to a war, 
not undertaken from ambition and the love of conquest 
but from the necessity of saving Fiance and Europe; 

'* Frenchmen! raise the standard of fidelity^ aod yoa 
shall see me in the midst of you. 

(Signed) ^' Maria Thbresa.** 

ADVANCE OF THE ALLIED ARMIES TO PARIS. 

Di$paUhes of the Duke of Wdlington, transmitted to Earl 
Bathurst b^ Captain I^ori Arthur Hillj^ dated Gonaisc, 
^dandMhtnst. 

" Gonasse, Juljf ?rf, 1815. 

^' The enemy attacked the advanced gugrd ^f Mar^.^ 
Prince filncber's <;orp9 at Villars Coteret^j on U>e 99thj biit 
the main body coming up, they wore drivw offj with thelon^ 

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BATTL9 OV WATBmiiOO. Mft 

of six pieces of cBawm, and about 1000 prisoners. It ap« 
Mars that these troops were on the march frcnn Soissonsto 
Paris^ and having been driven o£F that road by the Prussian 
tmopB at Yillars Corterets, they ^ot upon that of Meaux. 
They were attacked again tinon this road by General Bulow 
who took from them five nondred prisoners, and drove 
diem across the Mame. Thev have, however^ got into 
Paris. The advanced guard of the allied army^ under my 
command^ crossed the Oise on the fi9th, and the whole oi| 
the 30th. and we vesterdav took up a position with the right 
on the height of Rocheponrp;i and . the left upon the Bois 
de Bonck. Field Marshal Prince Bluqher having taken the 
village of AuberviUiers^ or Yertns, on the morning of tJb« 
30th of June^ moved to his right, and crossed the Seine at St« 
Grermain as I advacnoed, and he will this day have his ri^it 
at Pleisis Pjque^ his left at St. Clond, and the reserve at 
Versailles. The enemy have fortified the heights of Mont« 
martre and the town of St. Denis strongly^ and by means 
ef the little rivers Rouilloft and La Vi^e Mar^ they have 
inundated the ground on the north side of that town^ and 
water havnig been Introduced into the canal de POurcq, and 
the bank formed ihto a parapet and batteries^ they have a 
strong portion on the side of Paris. The heights of Belle- 
ville are likewise strongly fortified^ but I am not aware that 
any defensive works have been thrown up on the left of the 
Seme* Having collected in Pari^ all the troops remaining^ 
after the battle of the l^ib, and all the depots of the whole 
army^ it is supposed the enemv had there about 40 or 50,000. 
troops of the line and ^ards> besides the National Guards^a 
new levy, called Les TiraiUefirf de la Garde^ and the Federls* 
I have great pleasure in informing your Lordship that Qqes- 
noy surrendered to his Royal Highness Prince Frederick of 
the Netherlands, on the 2gth of June. I inclose the copv 
of his Royal Hiehness's report on this subiect> in which 
your Lordship will observe with satisfaction the inteUigence 
and spirit witli which this young Prince conducted this af- 
fair. I likewise understand that Baasaume has surrendered 
to the officer sent there by th< king of France to take pos*. 
session of that town.'* 

(TKAMSLAneV.) 

Petit l^argmeSy June Z%th,l$\ 5. 
^ On the day before yesterday I had the honour of receiving your 
Grace's lettoT) dated Joncourt, 26th inst sent by your aid-decamp, 
Captam Catbcart, whom 1 have requested to wforin your ExceH^ ncy, 
that Manhal Count Betballier bad arrived this morning to summon 
the place in the aaiae of Louis XVIli. He entered into a negocti^* 
tkn with UeutenantrGenerat Desprtaux, Governor of Qaesnoy. The 
•only nsuk, bowevert produced by tbis, was a very angular reply 
froa the Governori tfQm wluch it appeared to, m% that he mighfc 



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(30 CAPTURir OV PARIS. 

yoofliMy be induced ta capitulate, and I d^ermined at once on firii^ 
some shells and shot into the town, and of advancing our TiraiUeor^ 
tp the very glacis, to annoy them in cvtery quarter, with a view oC 
making some impression on the Commandant, and of. end^TOunn|^ 

. by that means to excite to revolt the Nation^ Guards and inhabitants, 
who are said to be well disposed towards us. From the information, 
collected as to the fortifications, there appeared to me no reasonable 
chance of taking it by escalade, the ditches being filled with' water, 

*in addition to the inundation which had been made. At eleven 
o'clock at night I ordered five howitzers and six six-pounders to open' 
on the town; and I continued the fire until three O'clock at day br^. 
The town was at one time on fire in three places, but the fire was 
shortly extinguished* Some men were killed in the town, and several 
wounded, which appears to have produced exactly the eflfects whick 
I wished. Last night. General Anthing, who commands the Indian 
brigade, sent an officer with the proposals to the Commandant, ac* 
cording to the authority, which 1 had given to him, and coupled with 
a threat of bombardment and assault. 

. ** Upon this, a negociation was entered into, which ended in the 
signing of the following capitulation this night; that is to say, that he 
would send an officer, with an aid-de-camp of General Anthing, ta 
Cambray, to ascertain the fact of the residence of the King of France 
in that town, and the abdication Of Bonaparte in favour of his son, and. 
that, thereupon, he would give us this night, at six o'clock, pdssession 
of the Porte des Forets, to be occupied by a company of artillery, and 
that, the next morning, the garrison should march out of the town ; 
the Ntuional Guards to lay down their arms and return to their 
homes ; the Commander, and that part of the garrison who were not 
National Guards, were to go and receive the orders of Louis XVIIL 
in whose name we shall ta!ke possession of the town.** 

CAPTURE OF PARIS. 

Mt Lord, Gonatu, July 4A, IBIS. 

Field' Marshal Prince Blucber was strongly opposed by 
the enemy in taking the position on the leu of the Seine^ 
which I reported in my dispatch of the 2d instant, that he 
ititended to take up on that day^ particularly on the heights 
of St. Cloud and Meudon ; but the gallantry of the Prus- 
sian troops, under General Ziethen, surmounted every ob- 
stacle, and they succeeded finally in establishing themselves 
on the heighte of Mendon/and in the village of Issy. The 
French attacked them again in Issy,. at three o'clock in the 
morning of the 3d, but were; repulsed .with considerable loss; 
and finding that Paris was then open on its vulnerable aide, 
that a communication was opened between the two Allied 
Armies by a bridge which I had established at Argenteuil, 
and that a British corps w&s likewise moving npou' the left 
of the Seine, towards t)ie Pont de Neuilly, the enemy sent 
to desire tbat the' firine might cease on bojh sides of the 
Seine with a view to the. negociation, at the Palace of St. 



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BATTLE Of WATBRLOO; ' ' 251 

Cloud, of a Military Convention between the ar(nie§^ under 
^hich the French army should evacuate Parts. 

Officers accordingly metDn both sides at St. Cloud, and 
1 inclose the copy of the Military Convention which was 
agreed to last nighty and which had been ratified by Marshal 
Prince Blucher and me^ andby th^ Prince d'£chmuhl on 
the part of the French army. This Contention decides aU 
the military q^iestions at this moment existing here, and 
touches nothip||r political. General: Lord Hill has marched 
to take possession of the posts . evacuated by agreement tim 
diiy, ana I propose to-morrow to take possession of Mont* 
'martre. I send this dispatch by my aid-de-camp. Captain 
'Lord Arthur Hill, by way of Calais. He wiU be able to 
inform your Loidship of any further particulars, and 1 beg 
leave to recommend him to your favour and protection. 

I have, &c. 

To Marl BaikuTiU (Signed) WELLINGTON^ 

The 8d of July, 1815, the Commissioners named by the Com- 
manders in Chief of the respective armies, that is to say, the Baron 
BignoD^ holding the Portefeuille of Foreign Affairs; the Count Guille- 
nidnty Chief of the General Staff of the French army ; the Count 
de Bendy, Prefect of the Department of the Seine, being furnished 
•with the full powers of his Ejlcellcncy, the Marshal Prince of Echmuhl, 
Commander in Chief of the French army cm one side; and Major- 
General Baron Mufi9ing, furnished with the full powers of his High- 
ness the Field Marshal Prince Blucher, Commander in Chief of the 
Prussian army; and Colonel Hervey, furnished with the full poweHi 
of his Excellency the Duke of Wellington, Commander in Chief of 
'the English army on the other side, have agreed to the following Ar- 
tides: — 

' Art. L There shall be a suspension of arms between the Allied 
anmes- commanded by his Highness the Prince Blucher, and his Ex- 
cellency the Duke of Wellington, and the French army under the 
walls of Paris. 

Art. II, The French army shall put itself in march to-morrow, to 
take up its position behind the Loire. Paris shall be completely eva* 
cuated in three days; and the movement behind the Loire shall be 
effected within eight days. 

Art« III. The French army shall take with it all its materiel, field 
artillery, military chest, horses, and property of regiments, without 
exceptionf All persons belonging to the dep6ts shall be removed, as 
well as those belonging to the different branches of administration, 
which belctfig to the army* 

Art. IV» The sick and wounded, and the medical oflBcers whom it 
may be necessary to le^ve with them, are placed under the special pro* 
tectionoftheCon^manders in Chief of the English and Prussian armies. 

Art. V. The military and those holding employments, to whom the 
foregoing article relates, shall be at liberty, immediately after their 
• recovery, to rejMn the corps to which they belong. 

Art. VL The wives and children of all individuals belonging to the ^ 



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eS< iBQKYINttOlf OF rAKlf. 

French antoj, AM be eft Ubcity to raoMiii in Pari$. The iriris didl 
be allowed to qi^it Paris fer tha purpose of rc^niog the army, and to 
carry wkb then tkeir propert¥, imd that of their husbands. 

Art VII. The officers ^f the line employed with the Federal, «r 
with the Tirailleurs of the HatlonaV Guards mtLf either join the am^ 
or return to their home^ or the places of their birth' 

Art. VIII. To-morrow, the 4th of July, at mi<i-<JV; St Denb, SI. 
Ouen, Clichy, and Neuilly, shall be given up. The day aftrr U>» 
tnorrpw, the 5th, at the same hour, Montmaitre shall be g^ven up. 
The third day, the 6th, all the bartfers sh«ll be given up. 

Art IX. The duty of the eity of PAiisiifaaU continue t6 be ^hNw by 
the National Guard, and by the coJ^ps of the municipal gtoditib^iier 

Art. X. The Commanders in Chief of the £n^h and PruMiais 
armies engage to respect^and to .make those under their ^onunaod 
respect, the actual authorities^ so long, as they shaU.exist» 

Art XI. Public propertyi with the exception of that which relate 
to war, whether it belongs to the Government, or depends upon the 
Municipal Authori^, shall be respected, and the Allied Powers will 
Bot interfere In any manner with its administration and m^nageriient 

Art. XII. Private persons and property shall be equally respected* 
The inhabitants, and, in general^ all individuals who shaH be. in the 
capital shall continue to enjoy their rights and liberties without bdog 
disturbed, or called to account, eilhtr as to the situations which they 
hold, or may have hdd, or as to their conduct or political Opinibos. 

Alt. XI 11. The foreign troops shall not interpose any obstacles to 
the provisioning of the capital, and will ))rDtect on the contraiyy the 
arrival and the free circulation of the articles which ere destined for it. 

Art. XIV. The pre^nt Convention shall be observed, ahd shall 
serve to regulate the mutual rdations until the conclusion of peine. 
In case of rupture, it must be denounced in the usual iorms, at least 
ten days befbre>haiid« 

Art XV. If difficulties arise in the execution of any one of the 
articles of the present Convention, the interpretation of it shall be 
anade in favour of the French army, and of the city of Paris. • 

Art XVI. The present Convention is declared conuaon ta all the 
Allied armies, provided it be ratified by^ the Powers on which diese 
armies are dependent 

Art XVII. The ratifieations shall be exchanged to*nM)rr0W,the 
4th of July, at six o'clock in the morning, at the bridge of Neuilly. 

Art. XVllI. Commissbners shall be named by the respective panies^ 
in oitler to watch over the execution of th^ present Conventiofi. 

Done and signed at St. Cloud, in triplicate, by the Comtmsiitecrs 
above named, the day and year before meodotied. 

(Signed) • The Baron BIGNON. 

Count GUILLEMOM*. 
Count De BONDY. 
The Baron De MUFFtlNG. 
Fv B. HERVEY, Colonel. 

Approved and ratified, the present Supension of Arms, at Parisv the 
6dof July, 1815. 

J^pproved (Signed) :Manhal the Prince lyECHMUHL. 

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BATtLB OF WAtXEL0^« ^9 

My Lord, I^crih Jufy Sth, 1815, 

In consequence of the Convention with the enemy, of 
irhieb 1 tfhmmittS y&ai Lbrd^hip thsm^yiti my dtl^ateh 
of th«4tb^ the trodOa MtiA^t itiy (^trnMad, ttud thftt 6f FMtf^ 
MartfaftI Piince Blnchei', ocdufii^d th« barrk^ of f^M M 
the 6th^ and entered the city yesterday ; Which has cV^ 
since been perfectly quiet. 

The King of France entered Paris this day. 
, ,1 have the honour to be^ Sec. 

BatlBathu$ii,lf€. WELLINGTON. 

Xmmediatefy after the Arrangement , undif tohidh Pari$ 
was surrendered, thefoUowing was issued: 

GENERAL OKDEft. 

' ^ 1. The FieId>Mar&bft1 has ^at satisfoctKyn ii^ iMtHMiCmg t& Hhs 
tro6p$ utiddr bi^ tommand, that he has, Iti t6ncetivifHh flM-MsLPshsM 
Prince Blucher, cbndud^d a MlUtary Convetktion ^ith the Ctmitiwtidet 
it Chief of th^ Ftench Army, ivHt Paris, hy whidl the ^emy is' to 
evacuate St. Penis, St. Oucti, Ctichy, and Neuilly, this day at noon i 
fliehdgbts of Mb^^martre to-morro\\r at froon; arid Pai^i tkiititf. 
, ** 2. The Fidd-Marshal congratulates the Atttiy npm thk result Of 
Aidfr glorious victory. He desh^ that the troops mtty employ the 
feisilre of this da^ and to-morrow, to cl<ttA their a^ms, doches, siti/i 
appointm^tSy as it is his intention that they shoftld pt^ him in- review. 
**5. M^o^Gcneral Sir Mauley Power, K.C. H. ni appdidled to 
the Staff of this Army. 

(Signed) •* J. WATERS, Lt OA. A. A-G.** 

FtntiSy Jtify ^h» 
Yesterday tie Kitjg made his pubKc entry mto his capital at three' 
in the afternoon. His Majesty left St. Denis at two o'clock. Nu- 
merous detachi^ents from the Katioual Guard of Fsris w^nt to meet 
the King; and to range themselves amotirg the faothful adherents wlky 
served to. form his ]Vlajesty''8 retinue. No ceremonial had, howevet,* 
ft^en ordered. The public enthusiasm and fmlfiant testimonies of 
general joy alone embellished this famrly festival. The Kih^s car- 
riage was preceded and foHowed by his mflieary household. Around* 
it we observed several Marshab, followed by a great number of G^ 
neral Officers, who had always accompanied the Kitig. The ihha*' 
hitants of Paris and the neighbouring towns covered the road. All, as 
weR as the National Guard, had assumed the white cockade, making 
the ahr resound with cries of Vict k Roi f 

Count Chabrol, Prefect of the Seine, accompanied by the Municipal 
Body, waited the arrival of the King at the barrier of St. Denis, hi 
four o'clock, the acclamations of an hnmense multitude announced 
the approach of a procession, which defiled amidst a thousand times 
repeated cries of Vive le Roi / 



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is^ noetkuAriOHB, &e: 



AUSTRIAN PROCLAMATION. 

'* Frenchmen I — ^Twenty years of trouble and misfprtunes.biid op* 
pressed Europe. One man's insatiable thirst of dominion and con- 
quest, while depopulating and ruining France, had desolated tha 
remotest countries ; and the world saw, with astonishment, the disasters 
of the middle ages, reproduced in an enlightened age. 

" All Europe rose. One cry of indignation served to rally all 
nations. 

"It depended pn the Allied Powers, in' 1814, to exercise upon 
France a just vengeance, which she had but too much pirovoked ;' but 
great monarchs unitecTfbr an only and sacred cause — the re-e^ablish- 
ip^t of peace in Europe— knew how to distinguish between the 
promoter of so many evils and the people, whom he had made use of 
to oppress the world. 

** The Allied Sovereigns declared, under the walls of Paris, that 
they could never make cither peace or truce with Napoleon Bona- 
parte. The cftjutal rose against the oppressor of. 'Europe. , France, 
by a spontaneous movement, rallied itself to the principles which 
were to restore end to guarantee her liberty and peace. 

" The Allied Armies entered Paris as friends. So many years of 
misfortunes, the spoliation of so many countries, the death of millions^ 
of brave men, who fell on the field of battle, or victims of the 
scourges inseparable from war, all was buried in oblivion. 
. ** Bonaparte solemnly abdicated a power which he hadestercised 
but for the misfortunes of the world. Europe had (rom that time no 
enemy more to combats 

** Napoleon Bonaparte has reappeared in France; he has found 
all Europe in arms against him. 

. ^ Frenchmen I-^lt is for you to decide on peace or war. Europe 
desires peace with France — it makes war only upon the Usurper of 
the French Throne. France, by admitting Napoleon Bonaparte, has 
overthrown the first basis on which its relations with other Powers 
were built. 

** Europe docs not wish to encroach on the rights of any nation, 
but she will never allow France, under a Chief but lively proscribed 
by herself, again to threaten tha repose of her neighbours. 

. •* Europe desires to enjoy the first benefit of peace; it desires to 
disarm, and it cannot dt> this as long as Napoleon Bonaparte is on 
the Throne of France. Europe, in short,' desires peace, and because 
it desires it, will never negociate with him whom it regards as a per- 
petual obstacle to peace. 

'*' Already, in* the plains of Brabant, Heaven has confounded this 
criminal enterprise. The Allied Armies are going to pass the frour 
tiers of France ; they will protect the peaceable citizens — ^they will 
combat the soldiers of Bonaparte^ — they will treat as firiends the pro- 
vinces which shall declare against him-*and they will know no othef 
enemies than those who shall support his cause. 

" Field Marshal Prince SCHWA RTZENBERG. 
** Headquarters at Heideibergf June 2Sf 1815.* 



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AUSTRIAN order: OF THE DAY. 

CarUfkue, Heud'qumiers, Jme 24. 
^ Sotdien of the Austrian Army of die Rbinet 

^ Napoleon, whose ambitious plans, and lost lof cotiqtiest, armed 
all Europe against faim/ was conquered by you and y^ur Allii?s; 
Returning from the exile into which the generosity of Ihe victors had 
sent him, he agatn attacks the reposci the welfare, the peace, 4h« 
security^ all States; provokes, by his guilty arrogance, the armies 
of United Europe to combat for the inviolability of their frontiers^' 
the honour of dieir oountrjr, the happiness of their fellow^itisens-*-' 
these most sacred of all possessions, j which this"^ man, towhomtio^ 
tiinig is sacred, arid who has become the scourge of humanity, has 
been attacking and endeavouring U> destroy for so many years. Tbos^ 
l^ffave sokhers of the Austrian army, a new and vast career of glorj 
is opened to you. I know that you wili.distmgui&h it by new vio« 
tbries, and that your new deeds in arms will render still more dear to 
me the proud aatisfieictton of catting^ myself your General. It is: ai 
lK>nourable to. yon as agreeable to me, that I have oalgrto recal th# 
temembr^oe of your ancient exploits to animate you to new ones» 
The victories of Culm, Leipsic, Brieone, and Paris, are so many 
ilustrious garlands that crown yoer- standards^ oominue w6rthy c€ 
joitr ^oiy by cpmbatihg, as you did fbrflurly> aad by adding fiwb 
laurels to those you have alroidy gained. t 

- ^ Great thmgg have been already perfornMd; yourbre&ren in 
Italy have, with their arms, op^ied themselves a way into the htert of 
tiie enemy's ^oantry, and their vtetorious banners wave in the capital 
of the kingdom of Naples. Those in Flanders* gained, on the 18th 
ifist one of the most nemoraUe victories recosied in history. Thosa 
victorious armies have their eyes fixed upon yoo, aad summon yo« 
to siniilar exploits. Let the recollection of what yoa have been on 
so »any a hard-foi^t day — ^let the fseling of what you owe to youv* 
selves animate you to /become constantly more worthy of your ancient 
glory, by conlbatting for your Emperor, yoiir hoiM>ur, and your country. 

" SCHWARTZENBERG, Field Manhal.*^ 

BAVARIAN ORDER OF THE DAY. 

SoUit^rs I in three days you have marched from the Rhine, in hopes 
of contributing to the pperations of the allied armies in the Nether- 
lands. These victorious armies have anticipated you. A great and 
decisive victory crowned their efforts in the battle of the ISm. It is 
Dow for us and tbeallied armies on the Upper Rhine, to annihilate 
fhe enemy's corps w^ich- oppose us. Soldiers !. to-morrow wc attack 
the enemy ; march against him with courage and perseverance. His 
Royal Highness our Crown Prinpc is among us ; his Royal Highness 
his younger brother is with the van-guard. The Crown Prince will 
be witness to your actions. Honour and protect the property of the 
peaceable French inhabitants; it is not upon them that we make war: 
it is against Napoleon and his adherents that our swords are drawn. 
- Come on, then, against him and them ? Come on, then, for King 
and Country, for our Allies, and for Germany ! 

Given at our head-quarters, at Hoinburg, June 22, 1815. 
(Signed) PRINCE WREDB, Field Marshal. 

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. BAVAIIANBROCLAMATION. 

Rtndiftieiit the mamMr ia'whidi we, yesterday, entered ycKir 
coaiitry, may prore uyyou that we ai« n^t tbi emeliiiel of die fn^ite^ 
iUe uihaUlaiito. I hwft paxdoned evea auch of youf MUmnxmo' 
tpyttMH as luiTb been taken itith armi in ikeir handti and abo ikiigllkt 
tefe boA detetredly shot at ba&dkti. But, cooiideriiig tkat thott 
armed niffiant, who scour the ooimtry vndto the mimt of free dofps^ 
to phuidtt their feUow-dtiaensy an$ a aceoi^ge which Btaapaita haa 
hrottght upbo France, which has boen idrtady aade Aaftcsoit^ 
unhappy by iht «nbo«iided aahiioit. of this enemy of the vapeab 
and haptnnets of the world. I €ommand,r-t^« 
^ .1. ThatAvefy one who belongs to these fiee coirpsi or is taken wiA 
fmb. in his hands^ without beteoging to the ttesfis of that Imc^ andf 
wmiriitg their uniform, shall he bffought bdote n court miAJal, aai 
shot ki twertty-four houiSB. 

ijjU; Thai mtfty to>i^n or conusune, in which any of die itties AalA 
ha ittuidered^ shall he punished; iar the first oflbiiofl^ the town widh 
a.iaotitiibulioii'of fOOfim irancs, and the tillage o«c of 5Oj0OOv Om 
^lepeltiionof the otfenoe, the town, ot villa^ shall he phte^ved 
andhumt.. ... . . < 

: IIJ** Within tmmtf4(nut hours ailcr the entrance of the jdliei 
atoiesy c^^^ town«. or eoatimane, shall deliver np> its cmiB ^and- 
military eflfects at the chief place of tb^ prefecture or sid>pnsfcctwew 
r IV. Eveiy town, or comfliuiie, iti whicfa» twen^-imr homs after 
fbe:entiliniie«f the allied troops,, arsa or military effects shilll hd 
tmadi. shilll pay a oonlrib«tioni the towUiOf dOO,OOOv the' village of 
JKI/KM), franco The hovse bf the owner U these amks^. shaU be^ 
pludd^red and |>irilQd down, and the owner hioughl befote n ooiiiS« 
partial, and shot in Jwenty4bur hours* If theownefof theanmiliould 
haire ahkcoodedf his. lunily, or the BMyor, o^ the principal inhabitrnts, 
shall bepttMshni m a mUitary nsanner, as poAtectataof highwsjrmen* 

rrandimeni' make yonrseWes eaay^ Our viotoiMiis 4ffniie» will 
not) distaib the sepese of the peaceable citiaen. £sifOfe has taken 
up arms agiua only to conquer, tor itself and for you, the peace and 
the happiness of which a single usurper threatens to rob it for the 
second time. 

Given at my head-quarters, at Sarj^iner, 24th June, 1815. 

Field MaadMl Prince Wnspx. 
RUSSIAN PROCLAMATIOM. 

.^ Frenchmen!-^ Europe, united at the Congress of Vienna, haa 
informed you of your true interests, by the acts of the 13th of March 
and the li2th of May. It comes in arms to prove to you that it haa 
not spoken in vain« It desires peace ; it has need of it ; it must bo 
confirmed by its amicable relations with you : it can have nooe^ h 
never can have any^ with the man who pretends to gpvem you. A 
£EUal infiUuation may have made the French soldier forget for ^ 
moment the laws of honour, and have extorted a pe^ry from hinu 
An ephemeral power, supported by all kinds of iUusioa, may have 
misled some Magistrates into the paths of error. But this power 
totters, soon it will whoUy disappear. The combined army of the 
North convinced you of it on the day of the 18th of June; our armies 
are marching to convince you of it in their turn. 



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BATTtB or WATEEtOOf. tSff 

y Frenchmen, it is still tim« !— :R^€Ct, Ae man vlio^ afim ehtia* 
ing all your libertief to hit car, threatens social oid^, ailAbriiifi 
into your native country all nations in armst Be Y/estoredto yo«9» 

Jelvei^ and all Europe salMtes you as friends, and ofii^ you peaoiL 
t does more: — From tbismOmen^itcoBsidmalJlFfeojchtticiv ithm 
are not ranjged under tlU st^dards of Bqi^apactei and who da not 
adhei:e to his cause> as friends. We have consecpacntly the oider t» 
protect them, to leave them the peaceable enjoyment of what thqf 
possess, and to support the laudable efforts, >vhich they shall make to 
replace France in the Relative situation wMch the Treaty of Paris had 
re-established betw^n her ai^ al) the £Uiro|>Mfi Nali«QS» . . 

^ God, justice, the wishes of M rnl^^i^. sfoond us. Frenchmen, 
come to meet us; our cause is yours; your happiness, your glory, 
yoiii^ pmer,^ are still aecessaty to the happiness, the glory, aqd tl^ 
^wer of the hations wha are going td comb&t for you. 

-''. (Signed) •♦ Marthal C(mnl BARCLAY DE TOLLT. 
^* Htad-qwuitn^ Oppaahdm^ June tS!* 

THE DUTCH ORDER OF THE DAY^ 

*' His Majesty, informed by my reports of the glorious vktoriil 
\o which you have contributed, with so much bniT^iy ^md fiddi^, 
has charged me.with the commission equally agiejeable.imd Autenng 
to my heart, to testify to yon, my Fellow-^citiaens, his entire sati^ 
jhction with your ^conduct in the several actions that haivo takes 
place. I cannot give you, brave warriors of the Netherlands^ a 
stranger proof of the ^probation of our beloved and imgUsI 8ov^ 
reign, than by making you acquainted with the tenor of the letter 
Which his Migesty hu addressed to me, and which is cooceiied rh 
thesib terms:*— " 

*^ TkeHaguty Jmt 9i« 
• *' Your reports of the 17th and 23d inst. hare given' »# incx^ 
pressible satisfaction. 

^ As a sovereign and a father I doubly feel the joy which tka 
happy result of so many obstinate combats has generally excited, ibr 
I have the certainty, that my troops haive hsd a glorioaa share hi 
them, and have seen, in the Son of their Prince^ a brave example of 
the most dangerous duties they have to performl 

*^ I dcfsire that you will acquaint, with my comfdete satisfacticii^ 
all the brave warriors of the Netherlands^ who fought under your 
command at Quatre Bras, and at La Belle AlUanire. Tell them, 
that all their fellow<*counnymen have their eyes fixed on them witk 
^miration and gratitude, and are proud of the firmness and courage 
Which they have dispUyed. Let them know, that die blood tbqr 
have shed has irrevocably eiObced the last doubt that might haft 
subsisted on the solidity of this new kingdom, and. the union of its 
inhabitants. Assure them, that they shall always have in me a tnm 
{riend of their noble profession, and a protector of valour and of ifi 
military merit 

**^ Do you yourself find the reward of your devotion, and an allc* 
viatiou of your wounds in the honour of being to the brave warrioit 
of the Netherlands, the organ of the sentiments consecrated to them 
by their King and country* (Signed) '< WILLIAM." 



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%S% PidOCLAlfATlONS, &c. 

•' ^ CoiBtmcu^ then, my countrymen, to walk in the path of bononr, 
your King acknowledges your services, and the country honours 
you. As for me, I feel my wounds only because they keep me 
ior a time at a distance from you* My most ardent desire is to join 
jrou, Again to combat the common enemy, and bravely to lavish out 
ikxKl and our lives ibr the King and country. 

(Signed) " WILLIAM Prince of Orange.'' 

THE SWISS PROCLAMATION. 

nSNBRAL ORDER ADDmXMSD TO COL. d'aFFET, COMMAVDAET 

or Diviaioir, AT BASIS. 

*^ Switzerland, faithful to its old principles^ had declared itself for 
the defence of its frontiers. A Convention with the Powers armed 
for the restoration of the repose of Europe consecrated this decla* 
ration. On the part of Switzerland no hostile step was taken against 
multiplied ofTcnces. The communications with Switzerland were 
intercepted without previous notice, and dispositions made for attack. 
In the mean time, the flower of the French, commanded by Napo- 
leon Bonaparte, was completely routed, on the plains of Flanders, 
hy Wellington and Blucher. 

" When Bonaparte had brought to Paris the news of his own 
defeat, and it was seen that they could no longer shake the torches of 
war over all Europe, but that* the avengers of peijury, and of the 
rupture of peace, would advance without baking, the authors of 
thosd calamities endeavoured to avert their consequences by a stroke 
of the pen. Bonaparte again renouncc*d that throne, after having, 
fifteen months before, formally abandoned, for himself and his pos* 
terity, that bloody sceptre of iron with which he had so long op- 
pressed Europe. At that moment, his Generals sent heralds to the 
Tight bank, and to the centre of our army, to ask a suspension of 
arms, though no hbstilities had yet taken place. While this request, 
accompanied by a promise that nothing hostile should be undertaken 
against Us, was transmitted to the authorities of the confederation, on 
the tome day, the 28tb, in the evening, all at once, against the lav 
of nations, without any reason, the fortress of Huningen bombarded 
the town of Basle, thus breaking their word of honour, always held 
mcred by brave soldiers; and attacking the Swiss territory by th€ 
mischief they have inflicted on our confederates of Basle. 

^' Soldiers^ arm^ to punish the authors of injustice. We must 
watch thiat no part of our frontiers be violated by an enemy without 
faith. Call to mind the invasion of 1:798 ; the atrocity of bombard- 
ing a town without its being besieged, without notification, and with- 
out cause, is a repetition of the same perfidy. We must put it out of 
the power of such an enemy to injure us; therefore, comrades* 
pepare to combat for justice and honour, for liberty and county. 
May God bless the powerful confederation, of which we form a part, 
and to which the most sacred duty attaches us* 

" BACHMANN, . 
" General in Chief of the Confcdenttioiu 

HeadHquarterSf at Berne, June 29, 18 15." 

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BATTLE OF WATVELOO^ fi39 

BLUCHER*S FAREWELL TO THE1MUVE BELGIANS, 

" 'Marikal Prince Blucher to the brave Belgians. 

" My army being on the point of entering the French tfcrriloiT, 
we catinot leave you,^ brave Belgians ! without bidding you ftureweily 
ind without expressing our lively gratitude for the hospitality which 
you have thown to our soldiers. We have had an opportunity of 
appreciating your virtues. You are a brave, a loyal, and a noble , 
people. At the moment when danger seemed ito threaten vou, w^ 
were called to give you aid : we hastened to obey the call, and it 
was much against our will that we found ourselves compelled, by 
circumstances, to wait so long for the commencement of the contest, 
which we should have been ^ad to see begin sooner. The presence 
of our troops have been burdensome to your country ; but we have 
paid, with our blood, the debt of gratitude which we owed you, and 
a paternal government will find means to indemnify such among you 
as have suffered the most by the quartering of our troops. 

^ Adieu, brave Belgians ! The remenibrance of the hospitable 
reception you have afforded us, as well as the recollection of your 
virtues, will be eternally engraven on our hearts. May the God of 
peace protect your fine country ! May he remove from it, for a, 
Ibng period, the troubles of war ! May you be 'as happy as you 
Reserve to be ! Farewell ! 

" Blxtcher.* 
^ Hfod-quarieriy Marbes k Chateau^ JuneZUt^ 1815.- 

From the Duke of Wellington, to the Mayor of Brussels. 

Paris, August ISth, 1815. 
Mr. Mayor, 
I take this opportunity to write to yoi^ in order to thank 

20U to request you to make known my gratitude to the in-' 
abitants of Brussels and the environs, for the care and kind- 
Heds they have shown to the wounded officers and soldiers 
of the army under my command.* The services which we 
have had in our power to render the city of Brussels, in. 
tav^ng it from the hands of a cruel enemy, by the efforts 
^at (lave been made, and by the bravery of the troops, al- 
most under its very walls, give us reason tp hope that the 

• ♦ The acts of humanity of the inhabitants of Brussels, if par- 
ticularized, would occupy many pages. But it Ought not to be 
left unknown, the signal service of the Mayor on this occasion ; — 
he literally and 6guratively gave wine and beer when water was 
required. An inhabitant, of the name of Troyaux, made his whole 
establishment a complete hospital, finding, without any previous 
consideration for remuneration, every possible comfort and subsist- 
ence for the unfortunate ne^ing his kindnesses. A female, who had 
realized a little independence by selling lace, lodged and relieved the 
distresses of a great many. The fair sex, indiscriminately, in high 
or low circumstances, were animated with the most solicitous atten- 
tion. The regard of t^se brave people towards the English, was bro- - 
Uierly and affecrionate ; and many of the inhabitants went to find out) 
countrymen in the field, and brought them tO th^ifhofnc^ ; and ttdwdft* 
met them on the road with refreshmenU of every kin4^g.^.^^^yQQQQle 



inhiMMite' would tclktre; a$ fiirlts Iny ia their p6wtf , those 
who had been the victimf ^ But, I dm u^t expect the tender 
care, the kindness^ which the inhabitants hare display^ 
towards us, and I beg you to believe, and to let them knoWj^ 
that their conduct has made upon m all an impression which, 
will never be effaced from our memory. 
. I well know of what Vfdi^e, on ^qch oocMionSi is the ex-r^ 
ample of the magiitr/M^j and I beg you> Mr. Mayor, to be*r 
lievft, that I duly appreciate that which you have giveo^ 
I have tne honour to be, Mr* Mayor, 

Your most obedioi^ and humble Servant, ' 
(Signed) WELLINGTON, Prince of Waterho. 

TO THE I^REFECT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THU 
SEtNEt 

Parii, Jufy 10, 1815. - 

^ Sir,-^Your agreeable letter of the 9 A, which I have had the iio- 
BQur tQ receive this inorping» bas been in the or^ioaly a9 yeudeuoed, 
IP His Higlbness Pnn^e Bl^cher, of WahsUdt . 

, *^ After the reiterated orders which I have received, for the raiainn 
<tf the coQtnbqtk}ns, inoposed by tbit^ Priixrey on the city.of Pari^t il 
ig not long in my power to avoid those coercive Kneiuures wbkh ftl!# 
rendered necessary, by the tergiversations employed, to elude my 
propositions. At the receipt of this letter, you and several of tho^ 
inhabitants of Paris are placed as hostages under a military guard, 
and if we do not receive, this very day, a part of the contribution in 
question, you, as well as the other hostages, will be conveyed to the 
fortress of Graudenz, in West Prussia. — ^This measure has |^n die* 
tated to me by the Commander-in-Cbief< You and ypur fellow, 
citizens cannot taH it with iiyustice, whei^ I remind you of the over^ 
tures which I have,, several times, made you respecting the demandi 
of Prince Blucher. — You know that, in ISOi?, 1$07, and 1809|^ 
Prussia, under the administration of M. Daru, not only lost iti^ 
prosperity, but was ruined by the enormous mass of requisitions and 
exactions to which it .was subjected : you know what was done in 
1809, 1810, and 1811, to exhaust the kingdom; nor can I div 
semble, that in 181f, (hough then ip alliance with France, several 
of eur Profincei suffered treatment, of which the most cruel enemy 
would hardly have been guilty* It was in IS 13, that wa shook off 
the yoke of tyranny ; the victorious arms of the allies delivered France 
from a dynasty under which that fine country had groaned for so 
lijanyyears. 

" The inconceivable cffprts which Prussia ma4e to support the 
great contest, after six years of oppression, signalized by all kinds o{ 
extortion and arbitrary treatment, put it out of our power to make a. 
suitable provision for the equipment, the pay, and other wants of the, 
armies again called forth to combat* Bonaparte and bis adherents* 
France, now delivered, cannot refuse its gratitude to the conquerors 
of the common enemy, when one reflects on the persevcrisig courage 
and patience, in the midst of numberless privations^ which they have, 
abown during the nK>st extraordinary efforts ; but this gratitude niust 
Dot convst, as in 1814^ in empty words, but in dcc<ls. You prctenci 
that the contributiQA ^ ^00 mujiipns of fipaaca excee<Js the ability of 



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BiTTIiB 9W WATB1&09* t41 

yovMr ciigrw-«*A«k Count Dani, what BnKn (• ei<y of «Mq«a49ri»f 
the siae of youis) w^ obliged IQ ftimUhr^ml you will be conWoced 
it greatly exceeds the demuids of Prince Blucher fjoom the capital of 
France* — If we treated your provinces a« you did ours, from 1^0^ t^ 
)8l^, the contribution to be imposed, according to that standardf 
might exceed your ability. But far from using reprisalsj we have 
hitherto demanded only the reimbursement of the expen$e9 of the 
yrar ; for the budgets or our finances have no head for the exprbitant 
impositions levied in foreign countries^ such as were found iu the 
iudgets of France, previous to the year 1814. Last year the conquest 
of Paris ended the war. In thb campaign, the same conquest ha$ 
been the object of our labours ; to attain it we have been forced to 
make promises to the troops^not such promises as the French leader 
made to his army before the defeat on the Katsbach, near Calneand 
Dennewitz, which hindered him from performing them, but such a« 
generous conquerors make to modest soldiers, whose, welfare they, 
value, and whose courage they know how to appreciate.^ 

** It is by the contribution that these promises must be fulfilled ; 
and I cannot concdve, Sir, how it happened, that in these three 
days that we haVe been negociatii^ on tins subject, you have not got 
togetor 8 sum on account suficie-nt to show your good will to the 
Prince, who must not be deceived tn his hope of fulfilling his prcK 
mtse to his eoldiers, who are used to depend on his word. You, and 
tiiose who have n^lected, or rather prevented, the payment of a suni 
in part, are the persons to whom Paris must impute the disagreeable 
consequences of this neglect. I am sorry, Sir, that having a parti* 
eular esteem for you, I am obliged to make this declaration. 1 must 
add, that the measures taken On this occasion are no violation of the 
Convcwition of Paris, since they fall only on those who show dti? 
obedience or codpesy in the execution <^ oUr orders. Accept the 
assurance, &c. (Signed) '' Ribbenthrop." 

This letter was written in German, which the Prefect not under* 
standing, begged the beaver to translate it for him, which he readily 
did. 1^ Prefect sufiered hhnself to be arrested, but stopped his 
Joamey to Graudens by making a payment. 

* ' ■■■' ■ ' ■■ ■ ■ ' ■ ' ' * 

• The Editor begs to add the reported account of the several exac- 
tions made by the French during the last twenty years ; viz. Iii 
Flanders, Brabant, and Holland, in 1794 and 179^t 14 millions 
sterling: in Italy, at different times, 17 millions; in Brabant, Flan- 
ders, and Holland, since taking possession of them, 48 millions; in 
the Austrian slates, 13 millions; in Prussia, 25 millions (150 millions 
ofdoUaiB); ia Hambuigh, Saxony, Westphalia, and Hanover, 23 
millions; in Spain and Portugal, before and aficr the war, 35 mil« 
lions, together 175 millions sterling, the seventh part of what is now 
demanded from France. Besides this arc to be reckoned the expenses 
caused by the presence and support of the French troops, the English 
fubsidies, taxes, and loans on account of the war (700 millions) the 
whole will amount to 958 millions; add to thisthe above 175 millions, 
and the whole makes the enormous sum of 1,133, millions steriiugr 
the 45th part of what France has now to pay. 



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t4% AI>I>R£M OF THB. OITT 07 LOliPON. 

'3%e Prmce Rtgent^sMetsage far ^dditknal Frmtiimftr 
the Duke of JVeUingtOH. 

** The Prince Regent, acting in the name and on the behalf of his 
Majesty, having taken into his consideration the most important and 
glorious victory obtained by Field Marshal the Duke of Wellingtoft • 
Over the French army, under the immediate command of Bonaparte, 
on the 18th of this month, is desirous of manifesting the sense enter<' 
tained by his Royal Highness and the country of this signal and 
splendid achievement, which has added fresh renown to the Britisli 
arms, and which cannot fail to be productive of the most essential 
mdvanta'ges to Europe. 

, "The Prince Regent, therefore, recommends to his Majesty's 
faith All Commons, to enable his Royal Highness to grant such addi- 
tional provision to Field Marshal the Duke of Wellington, as shall 
afford a further proof of the opinion entertained by Parliament of the 
Duke of Wellington's transcendant services, and of the gratitude and 
munificence of the British nation. G eoro e, P. R. 

Thanks of both houses of Parliament were given to the Duke of 
Wellington, officers, and men ; and also to His Royal Highness the 
puke of York, Capjtain General and Commandejr*in-Chief of his 
ilajesty's forces, for his effective and unremitted exertions in the dis- 
charge of the duties of his high and important situation, dunng the 
E^riod of upwards of twenty years, in the course of which time, the 
ritish army has attained a state of discipline and skill before unknown 
to it ; and which exertipns, under Providence, have been, in a great 
degree, the means of acquiring for this country the high miUtary 
glory whicjk it enjoys among the nations of Europe. June 2Sd. ■ 

Extract from the Speech of the Prince Regent to Parliament, 
upon closing the Sessions, July Ift, 1815. 

**' Under such circumstances, you will have seen, with just pride 
and satisfaction, the splendid success with which it has pleasied Divine. 
Providence to bless his Majesty's arms, and those of his Allies. 

*^ Whibt the glorious and* ever-memorable victory obtained at 
Waterloo, by Field Marshals the Duke of Wellington and Prince 
Blucher has added fresh .lustre to the characters of those great com* 
manders, and has exalted tITe military reputation of this country be- 
yond all former example, it has, at the same time, produced the most 
decisive effects on the operations of the war, by delivering from inva- 
sion the dominions of the King of the Netherlands, and by placing, in 
the short space of fifteen days, the city of Paris, and a large part of the 
kingdom of France, in the military occupation of the Allied Armies.*^ 

THE APDRESS OF THE CITY OF LONDON. 

Julj/ $tk. •* To his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, Regent of 

the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland ; 
■ *• The Dutiful and Loyal Address of the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, 
and Commons of the City of London, in Common Council assembled. 
** May it please your Royal Highness, 
•* We, his Slajesty's most dutiful and loyal subjects, the Lord 
Mayor, Aldermen, and Commons of the City of London, in- Common 
Council assembled, b^ leave to approach your Royal' Highness with 
the sin^erest affection to your Royal Person, and with the warmest 
congratula^ons upon the glorious viaory obtained, by the^Allied Anny« 

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. BAtTLB OF WATERLOO. £49 

on theei^teoith.of June, tinder the command of Field-Marshal the 
D»ke of Wellington. 

** At a period when the tumults of war had aubsided, and Peace had 
begun to. shed invaluable blessings over long-contending and hostile 
nations, it was with indignation and horror we beheld the return of 
that Person who had been the dreadful Scourge of Europe, from an 
obscurity, in which the stipulations of a solemn Treaty had bound him 
to continue. 

"We observed with grief, that on his re-appearance, the lawful 
Sovereign of France was compelled, by a rebellious and faithless sol- 
diery, to leave his Capital, and to take refuge in the Netherlands. 

" We.felt assured that the relational of peace and amity which had 
been so recently entered into by your Royal Highness, in the nan^e of 
our. beloved Soveceign, could not be maintained with this daring 
Usurper, who had repeatedly manifested, that no Treaty was held 
aacted by him, longer than suited the purposes of his ambition or re« 
yenge; who had constantly evinced the deepest hatred of the British 
name and character ; and with whom his M^esty's Allies had unani* 
mously declared the impossibility of making any engagements in the 
relations of peace and concord. 

" Under these difficult circumstances, we beheld, with the highest 
satisfaction, the wisdom of your Royal Highness, in appointing to the 
chief command of his Majesty's armies on the Continent, that Illus- 
trious. Hero who had sb often M them to conquest and to glory. 

" It is with the most heartfelt joy we contemplate the late Victory, 
as affording another leaf to the page of history, by recording further 
magnificent deeds to enhance the honour and grandeur of the British 
Empire; in 'which will be seen, that a greatly superior force of the 
vetemn ai'mies of France, commanded by a Napoleon Bonaparte^ 
could not withstand the irre8i9tible bravery of British heroes, when 
guided by a WeUi,^gton aided by a Blucher. 

", It is with the deepest sorrow we lament the fall of a large portion 
of these brave defenders of the liberties of Europe; and particularly 
of an Illustrious Member of your Royal Highness's Family, who had 
ever evinced the characteristic gallantry of a Prince of the House of 
Brunswick : but we tnist the issue of this great event affords a well- 
grounded hope, that the power of the Usurper will be destroyed, and 
the peace of Europe established upon the most solid foundation. 

** We shall continue to place our humble reliance on the Divine 
Goodness, that these results may speedily take pi ace,, and that the 
glory, the peace, and the proisperity of this United Kingdom, under 
die Government of your Royal Highness, and a long line qf succeeding 
Princes of your Royal Highnesses Illustrious House, raiy endure until 
the latest period of time. 

' •* We have only further to entreat your Royal Highness, to be as- 
sured of the continued zeal, loyalty, and affection, of his Majesty's 
£uthful Citizens of London^ to support your Royal Highness in bringing 
this great contest to a speedy and happy termination. 

(Signed, by order of the. Court,) " HENRY WOODTHORPE.'* 

To which Address, his Royal Highji^ was pleased to xetum th^ 
following most gracious Answer: — 



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t44 ABDICATION OV BOVAYAmTE. 

*' I i^oeive, witb tW gveiMI «ftirfu:tioih tfaisloyAl and dutifolaMien. 

^ By the favour of Divine Providence the finit onenUiona of the 
Allied Arnn<« on the Continent have been attended with the most 
signal and dccinve success; and we may conidently trust, that the 
bigh military n>ptttation which this country has acquired hy the wa* 
daunted valour and consummate discipline of our Troops, and Am 
transcendant genius and heroic example of tke great Commanicr 
who has constantly led them to Victory, will afford one of the mostim* 
portantsecuritiesTOrthe^titretranqutuity and independence ofEurope. 

•* 1. deeply lameut, with you, the extent of p^rraic calamity, occ«« 
sioned by the loss of muiy valuable Officen at«d Men, in the lale 
unexampled contest; and f feel most sensibly the maoner in which 
you ba^e adverted to an tllusirioas Member of the House «f Bnm*. 
wick, who closed, on tbilt memorable occasion, a career of honour 
with adeath of glory. 

** To the surviving lel&tives of those wbo ha^ fidlen. It must be a 
soothing reflectkm, ^at they have perished in a just and noble cause, 
and that the mei^pry of their splendid and inestimable services wili b^ 
cherished, with admimtion Mid- gratitude, to the latest posterity. 

'< I hate a perfect reliance on the stedfast loyalty and public spirit 
of the Citisens of London, and <m your assurances of support in such 
exertions as may be necessary to bring this most impprtaat contest Sis 
a speedy and happy tennination.^ 

They were all very grsciou^y leoeiwd, and had the honour to kiss 
the hand of the Prince Regent* 

ABDICATION OF BONAPAKTE. 

This is xmt of the cotwequences that iresuhed from the 
brilliant victory of the Duke of Weflinglon, Never, In tfsc 
history of the world, did one hattle produce an event »6 
important. The fate of Bonaparte and of France has been 
decided at a blow. 

*^ Paris papers of the 22d and 2dd have been received. 
Bona{)arte ];eturned to Paris, from the army, on the 21sL 
On that -day .there were very tumultuous derates in the two 
Houses of Representatives, on the neoesaity of Bonaparte'a 
abdication. On the 22d, he sent in his abdication in favour 
of bis Son, ad Napoleon the Second. This abdicctioiD 
ivas accepted simpi^ without any condition in £avour of his 
Son, and a Provisional Government appointed, coMeistiDg 
of Camot, f'onche, Canliiieonrt, Grenier, and unother, to 
treat with the Allied Generals for Peace. 

*Mt was attempted in debate by t!he Ministers of the 
Interior, to show that Soult had rdbed 90fiO0 men on the 
northern frontier; but this was defied by Marshal Ney 
with warmth, who ^asserted that 20,000 men wa^ the utmost 
number that conld be mustered, and that the Allien could 
pass the frontiei and be at Paris in six or seven days.'' 



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BATTtB OF VATSR^OQt €4$ 

P^CLARATION OF BONAPARTE TO THE FRENCH. 

Paris, Jtam 23* 

^' Frenchmen! In commencing a war for maintaining 
the n^tioqal independencci I arened on the union of all 
efforts^ of all wllls^ and the concnrrence of all the national 
authorities. I had reftson to hope for saccess^ and I braved 
all the declarations of the Powers against m^. 

" Ciroumatances appear to me changed^ I o^er mj9elf 
as a sacrifice to the hatred of the enemies of Fraqce^-r-Majfi 
they proTe sincere in their declarations^ i^nd really direct 
them only against my power! My political life is termi- 
nated ; and I proclaim my Son, under tb^ title pf Napo- 
leon II. Emperor of the French. 

^* The .present Minister? will provisionally form the 
CounoU or the GoTemment The interest which I take in 
my son, induces me to invite the Chambers to form, without; 
delay, the Begency by a law. 

^ Unite all for the public safety, in order to reoiain an 
independent nation. 

(Signed) '' NAPOliEON.*^ 



$f 



'* Malmaison, 25th June, 1815. 
M Napoleon to the bra^e Soldiers of the Army before Pari^. 

'* Soldiers j-r-While obeying the necessity which removes 
me from the brave French army, I carr^ with me the happ v 
certainty that it will justify, by the emment services which 
the country expects fron it, the praises which our enemies 
themselves have pot been able to refuse it. Soldiers! I 
9ball follow your steps, though absent ^ I know all the corps, 
and not Qoe of them will obtain a single advantage over the 
enemy, but ( ^hall give it credit for the courage it shall 
have displayed. Both you and me h&ve been calumniated : 
men, verv unfit to appreciate our labours, have seen in the 
markfi of attachment whigh you have given me, a zeal of 
which I was the sole object. 

'^ IjCt your future successes tell them that it was the 
country fi^Yp f^l things which you served by obeying me, 
and that if I have any share in ^our affection, I owe i( to 
my ardent love for France, our common mother. 

'' Soldiers! some efforts more and the coalition is dis-r 
solved ; Napoleon will recognise you by the blows which 
you are going to strike. 

'* Save the honour, the independence of the French. Be 
to the last the same men that 1 have known in you for thcaC 
last twenty years, and you will be invincible. 

(Signed) '^ NAPOLEON.*' 

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£46 BONAPAETfi's BMBABSATION. 

['' Napoleon reigned 100 days^ in which he has spent 600 
millions^ and lost 150,000 men. France is ravagea by civil 
war^ and the capital besieged by two armies/'] 

JdmiraUy Office, July 25, 18t5. 

Captain Maitland, of the Bellerophon, to J. JV. Croker, 
Esq. dated in Baique Roads, the l^th intt. 

For the information of my Lords Commissioners of the 
Admiralty, [ have to acquaint* you^ that the Count Las 
Casses and General Allemand this morning came on board 
his Majesty's ship under my command^ with a proposal for 
me to receive on board Napoleon Bonaparte (who nad been 
secreted at Rochefort) for the purpose of throwing himself 
on the generosity of His Royal Highness the Prince Regent* 
-^-Conceiving myself authorized, by their Lordships' secret 
order, I have acceded to the proposal, and he is to embark 
on board this ship to-morrow morning. That no misnn** 
derstanding might arise, I have explicitly and clearly ex- 
plained to the Count Las Casses, that I have no authority 
whatever for granting terms of any sort; but that all I can 
do is to convey him and his suite to England, to be re- 
ceived in such manner as His Royal Highness may deem 
expedient. 

Foreign Office, July 21. 
From Viscount Castlbreagh, dated Paris, July 17, 1815. 

Since closing my dispatches, of this date, I have received 
the accompanying communication from this Government. 

(translation.) 

'' I have the honour to acquaint your Lordship, that 
Napoleon Bonaparte, not being able to escape from, 
the English cruisers, or from the guards kept upon the 
coast, has taken the resolution of g<^ng on board the Eng- 
lish ship Bellerophon, Captain Maitland. 

*' I have the honour to be, &c. 
(Signed) " Le Due ITOTRANTE. 
'' To his Excellency Lord Viscount Castlereagh." 

Paris, July 17^ 
Measures had been taken to prevent the escape of Bona* 
parte. It will be seen, by the following extract of a letter 
from the Maritime Prefect of Rochefort, to the Minister of 
the Marine, that the result has been such as there was 
reason to expect. 

*' Rochefort, July 15, ten o*cfock at night. 

*' To execute the orders of your Excellency, 1 embarked 
in my boat, accompanied by Baron Richard, Prefect of 
Charente Inferieure. The reports from the roads, of the 

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BATTLE OF WATBRLOO, £47 

14thy had not yet reached me: I was informed by Captain 
Hilibert, commander of the AmphyttiU frigate, that Bo- 
naparte had embarked on board the- brig Epervier, armed 
as a flag of truce, determined to surrender himself to the 
English cruizers. 

^* In fact, at break of day we saw him manoeuvre tp ap« 
proach the English ship Bellerophon, commanded by Cap- 
tain Maitlaud,* who, seeing th^ Bonaparte was coming 
towards him, mounted a white flag at the mizen-mast. 
Bonaparte was received on board ue English vessel, as 
also the persons in his suite. The Officer whom I left in - 
observation had informed me of this important news, when 
General Beker, who arrived a few moments afterwards^ 
confirmed it to me.* 

(Signed) '' BOKNEFOUX. 
'' Captain of a vessel. Maritime Prefect.** 

CESSATION OF HOSTILITIES WITH FRANCE 
BY SEA. 

PflfW, Jtify 27th, 1815. 

Faithful to the principle of the alliance formed between 
the Powers of Europe, and only directed against the man 
who, nsurpinff anew the supreme power in France, made 
all the evils of war re-appear, his Royal Highness the Prince 
Regent of England, wno has shewn himself so constantly 
animated by the noble desire of terminating these evils, has 
been informed that Napoleon Bonaparte had given himself up 
to the naval force of his Britannic Majesty, has hastened to 
cause all hostility on the coasts of France immediately to 
cease. His Excellency Lord Castle^eagh has made an 
official communication of these orders to the Minister of 
the King, and the following note to that effebt has been 
address^ to Prince Talleyrand :-^ 

Note. — ^The undersigned, his Britannic Majesty's Prin* 
cipal Secretary of State for Foreign Affiiirs, has received 
orders from his Royal Highness the Prince Regent, to 
inform Prince Talleyrand, for the purpose of its being com- 
municated to his Most Christian Majesty, that as soon as 
the news was received in England that Bonaparte had been 

given up to the naval forces of Great Britain, his Royal 
lighness instantly gave orders to cause all acts of hostility 
on the coasts of France to cease. — ^The undersigned com- 
municates with the greatest pleasure to his Highness Prince 
Talleyrand, a copy of the orders issued on this subject, and 
embraces this opportunity to renew to him the assurance of 
his distinguished consideration. CASTLEREAGH 

Paris, July 24, 1815. 

* Vide Part I. for aa account of Bonaparte, irbile on board the Bellerophon, 

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94M BOKAYAmTl's BESTIHATIOK. 

Earl Sathum to Hu Lordi Comnki$9hn€r$ofih$ AimiruUtf. 

My LoliDB^ Wnr Department, July «1, 1815. 

Having been this day informed that Napoleon Bonaparte 
has surrendered to the Honourable Captain Maitlaod^ com- 
manding his Majesty's ship the BeUerophon^his Royid Higfa- 
ness the Prince Regent, eager to seize the oppottnnity of 
delivering the ports of Prance firom the restraints which 
resulted trom the stiite of warfere, in ^ tnuch as mat be 
compatible with the greltt object of the aUiance of the 
Sovereigns^ the stability of the pe&ce and tranqmlltty of 
Europe^ has ordered me to let yoa know, that it is his inten- 
tion that your Lordships should give orders for the imme- 
diate cessation of all acts of hostility against the toast of 
France, and that his Majesty's ships may allbw free navigs- 
tion to those French ships that sail under the white Ra^. 
lhave,kc. (Signed) BATHURST. 

THE MANNER IN \THICH BONAPARTE IS TO BE 
TREATED. 

Letter frm B&rl Bttkurst, Secretary of State, to the Lords of tic 
AdrmraUf, 

Mt Lord, jDbmii^ Street. JwfySOtk IHlS, 

I wish your Lordsbips to have the goodness to cofarounicate to 
Rear Admiral Sir George Cockbum> a Copy of the following Mtito- 
rial, which is to serve him by way of instractioiiy to direct his condact 
while General Bonaparte remains under his care. The Prince 
Regent, in confiding to English Officers a mission of such import* 
ancc, feels that it is unnecessary to express to them his earnest desire 
that no greater personal restraint may be employed than what shall 
be found necessary, faithf\illy to pcrmrm the duties of which the Ad- 
miral, as \vell as the Governor of St. Helena, tniist n«ver lose sig^t, 
namely, the perfectly secure detention of the person of General 
Bonaparte. Every thing which, wiihotit opposing the grand ofaject, 
can be granted as an indulgence will, his Royal Highness h coa- 
vinccd, be aliowed the General. The Prince itegent depeads Anther 
on the well known zeal and lesolttte character of Sir Geoq^ Cock« 
bum, thai he will not suffer himself to be kaisled impntdeady^ to 
deviate from the perfbrmaoce of his 4uty% 

" BATHURST-" 

MEMORIAL. 

When General Bonaparte leaves the * BeUerophon' to go on 
board the ' Northumberland,' it will be the properest moment for 
Admiral Cockbum to have the effects examined which General Bo- 
naparte may have broueht with him. 

The Admiral will allow all .the baggage, wine, and provisions, 
which the General may have brought with him, to be taken on board 
the NorthumbcHand. Among the baggage, his table service is to be 
underbtood as included, unless it be so considerable as to seem 
rather an article to be converted into money than for real use. 

His money, his diamonds, and his saleable effects (consequently 
bills of exchange also), of whatever kind they may be, must be de- 



BA'TTIaE of W/iTERi.V9. M^ 

livend up. Tiie Admnil wili deckle to t^ Geoeial tbat the Briti^li 
Coreromfint by no mmm kitends to confiscate his {uroperty^ but 
nerdy to take upon itaelf the administratioA of hU effects, to hinder 
him from using them as a means to promote his flight. 

The examination shall bo made in the pi^eoce of a person nanted 
by Bonaparte ; ihe inventory of the effects to be retained^ shall ba 
s^ped by this penoa, as well aa by the Bear Admiral, or by the per» 
aon whom be shall appoint to draw up this inventoiy. 

The interest, or the principal (according aa Us property is more or 
lets considerate) shall be applied to bis support, and in this respect 
the principal anaageaents to be 1^ to him. 

For this retsoa, he can, from time to time, signify his wishes to tba 
Admiral, till the Mrriral of the new Governor of St. Helena, and afUr« 
wards to the latter ; and^ no objection is to be made to hi^ proposal^ 
tlie Admiral or the Governor can give the necessary orders, and the 
disbursement will be paid by bills on his Majesty's Treasury. 

In case of death he can dispose of kis property by a Ust will, and 
he assured that the contents of his testament shall be faithful^ executed. 

As an attempt might be made to make a part of his property pass 
kt the property of £e persons of his suite, it must be signified, that 
the property of his attendants is subject to the same regulations* 

The disposal of the troq[>s left to guard him must be left to tba 
Crovemor. 

The latter, however, has received a notice, in the case ivbich will 
be hereafter mentioned, to act according to the desire of the Admiral, 

The General must constantly he attended by an Officer appointed 
by the Admiral, or, if the case occurs, by the Governor. If the General 
is allowed to go out of the bounds where the sentinels are placed, an 
orderly man at least must accompany the officer. 

When ships arrive, and as long as they are in sight, the General 
Remains confined to the limits where the sentinels are placed. During 
this time, all communication with the inhabitants is forbidden. His 
companions in St Helena arc subject during this time to the same 
rules, and must remain with him. At other times it is left to the judg-. 
ment of the Admiral or Governor to make the necessary regulations 
concerning them. It must be signified to the General, that if he makes 
any attempt to fiy, he will then be put under close confinement; and 
it must be notified to his attendants, that if it should be found that 
they are plotting to prepare the Generars flight, they shall be sepa- 
rated from him, and put under close confinement. 

All letters addressed tathe General, or to persons in his suite, must 
be delivered to the Admiral or Governor, who will read them before 
be sufiers them to be delivered to those to whom they are addressed. 
liCtters written by the General or his suite, are subject to the same rule. - 

No letter that does not come to St. Helena, through the Secretary 
of State, must be communicated to the General or his attendants, if it 
is written by a person not living in the island. And their letters, 
addressed to persons pot living in the island, must go under the cc ver 
of the Secretary of State. 

It will be clearly expressed to the General, that the Governor and 
Admiral have precise orders to inform his Majesty's Government of 
all the wishes and representations which the General may desire to 
address to it; in thb respect they need not use any precaution. But 



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^50 TBBATMSNT OP BOKAPABTE. 

the paper on which such request or representatkm 19 written, must be 
communicated to them* open, that they may both read it, and whea 
they send it, accompany it with such observations as they jmay judge 
necessary. 

Till the arrival of the new Governor, the Admiral must be con« 
sidered as entirely responsible for the person of General Bonaparte,' 
and his Majesty has no doubt of the inclination of the present Gover- 
nor to concur with the Admiral for that purpose. The Admiral has 
full power to retain the General on board his ship, or to convey hiin 
on board again, when, in his opinion, secure detention of hb person 
cannot be otherwise effected. When tb€ Admiral arrives at St. Helena 
the Governor will, upon his representation, adopt measures for send- 
ing immediately to England, the Cape of Good Hope, or the East 
Indies, such officers or other persons, in the miUtaiy corps of St. 
Helena, as the Admiral, either because they arc foreigners, or on ac- 
count of their character or disposition, shall think it advisable to dis< 
miss the military service in St. Helena. 

If there are strangers in the island whose residence in the country 
shall seem to be with a view of becoming instrumental in the flight of 
General Bonaparte, he must take measures to renK>ve them. The 
whole coast of the island, and all ships and boats that visit it, are 
placed under the ivrveillanct of the Admiral. He fixes the place 
which the bokts may visit, and the Governor will send a sufficient 
guard to the points where the Admiral shall consider this precaution 
as necessary. 

The Admiral will adopt the most vigorous measures to watch over 
the arrival and departuiv of every ship, and to prevent all communi- 
cation with the coast, except such as he shall allow. 

Orders will be issued to prevent, after a certain necessary interval^ 
any foreign or mercantile vessel going in future to St. Helena. 

If the General should be seized with serious illness, the Admind 
and the Governor will each name a physician, who enjoys their con-^ 
fidcnce, in order to attend the General in common with his own phy- 
sician; they will give them strict orders to give in, every day, a report 
on the state of his health.* In case of his death, the Admiral will 
give orders to convey his body to England. 

Gken at the War Office, Juli/ 30M, 1815. 

Foreign Office y Avgust 26, 1 8 1 5. 
Lord Bathurst, one of His Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State, 
has tliis day notified, by command of His I^oyal Highness the Prince 
Regent, to the Ministers of Friendly Powers, resident at this Court, 
that, in consequence of events which have happened in Europe, it has 
oeen deemed expedient, and determined, in conjunction with the 
Allied Sovereigns, that the Island of St. Helena shall be the place 
allotted for the future residence of General Napoleon Bonaparte, 
under such regulations as may be necessary for the perfect security 
of his person ; and, for this purpose, it has been resolved, that ail 
foreign ships and vessels whatever, shall be excluded from all com- 
municaiion with, or approach 10, this Island, so long as the said Island 
sliall coniinue to be the place of residence of the said Napoleon 
Bonaparte. 

* By dispatches, which arrived in London, December 4, leaving St. HeleoA 
October aS, we learn that Hoaaparte landed there on the ITthLpf that month. 

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. SATTLB>OF WATERLOO.' f51 

f tench Movements and previous Arrangements to the 
Battles of the I5th, l6th, nth, and lBthX)fJiine. 

Bonaparte^s Portfolio. — Extracts, Sfc, from Letters, ^c. mostfy in Us 
own hand-writing, previous to the battles, 

June 1 1.— JVIonsieur Count Lavellette, — A$ I said in my speech thii 
day» that I should depart this night, I wish you would look to it, that 
no post-horses be taken from the road 6y which I travel : that particn* 
lar attention be paid to the person^ to whom horses are given on the 
neighbouring roads, and that no courier, or estaffette, be sent off. 

Other letters, written this day, request Marshal Massena to take the 
command of the third and fourth divisions, and say, ^* let Ney come if 
he wishes to be present at the first battle : he must be at A vesnes by the 
13th, where my head quarters will be." 

^* Acquaint Marshal Suchet, that hostilities will commence on the 
l6th, and on that day to make himself roaster of MontmeiUan." 

June 11. — ^To the Prince of Eckmuhl (Davoust). — "Look to It, that 
240 pieces of naval cannon be placed in battery by the 20th, that I 
may be without anxiety about the city of Paris." 

Speaking of muskets,—** they must be sent quickly, that when we 
are victorious, I may arm with them the peasants in Belgium, Leige, 
&c. Give me also a list of Belgian Officers who are here. Send also 
a Belgian Staff Officer for the suite of the General Staff. These pecfple 
may become necessary." 

June II, ^-To the Minister of Marine.— ;-I suppose that you have 
broken off all communication by sea, and that no person or packet 
boat dare to pass any more, under any pretencei 

June 12. — Set off from Paris and slept at Laon. 

•June IS, — Slept at Avesnes. 

Avesnes, June IZth. — To the Major- General. — Give orders for the 
equipages of the pontoons ^o repair this evening behind Soire, on the 
road to Beaumont 

June ISth. — To the same.-*Since General Vandamme is arrived at 
Beaumont, I do not think it proper to make him return to Phillippe* 
ville, which would fatigue his troops ; I prefer letting this General en* 
camp in the first line, a league and a half from Beaumont; I shall 
. review his troops to-morrow. The sixth corps will then be placed a 
quarter of a league behind. In this case, the army of the Moselle 
will join to-morrow near Phillippeville ; the detachment of Cuirassiers, 
coming from Alsace, will make this change in th^ general order. 

June 1 3th. — ^To General Drouet.— Give orders for the division 
composed of the Chasseurs and Red Lancers to repair this evening in 
advance of the Solre. Let all the divisions of Chasseurs likewise 
repair to Solre. All the grenadiers at Avesnes, the grenadiers on horse- 
back, and the dragoons in advance of Avesnes ; each corps will have 
its artillery with it ; the reserve artillery in advance of Avesnes. 
June 14^A. — Slept at Beaumont. 

June lUA. — To Prince Joseph. — Brother, — I remove my head« 
quarters this evening to Beaumont; to-morrow, the 15th, I shall ad* 
vance to Charleroi, where the Prussian army is, which will occasion 
a battle, or the retreat of the enemy. The army is fine, and the 
weather pretty fair; the country perfectly well disposed. I shall write 



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SSft OFFlCIAt fBBMCn ACCOUNT. 

tUk evening, If the coramunieadoos are to be mcde on the l6ik, metB 
time we must prepaie. Adieu. 

To the Minister at War.— I hope to past the Sambra to-morrowy 
^e l6th. If the Prussians do not evacuate, we shall have a battle. 
Suchet must take Montmeillan, and fortify himself there. •'Recom- 
mend diat thete be 10,000 muskets at Lyons to arm the Natioiial 
Guaids. The 300 cannon of the marine must be placed in batteriet 
at Paris ; let them be there before the 25di ; lastly, let die company 

of cannoneer march — let them go en diligence to Vni- 

cennes, on Thursday. Do not be too prodigal of muskets to the 

ftd^r^s; we are in great want of them eveiy where, I direct — - 

from Maubeuge to Paris — [The blanks are for two words that we 
cannot decypher. The rest of the letter is quite unintelligible, except 
afew words; we see that mention is made of the Rhone, oftbeSaone, 
of Rapp, who is to ddend Alsace to the utmost; of Befort, of 
Mame, 6cc. His imperial Majesty seems very uneasy about aU 
Ats: he has much business on his hands at this moment, and never 
wrote with more precipitation.] 

'' osNERAL ORDER. AvesHcSf June 14, 1815. 

tt Soldiers ! — ^This day is the anniversary of Marengo and of Fried- 
Und, which twice decided the destiny of Europe. Then, as after 
Austerlitz, as after Wagraro, we were too generous \ We believed in 
the protestations and in the oaths of Princes whom we left on the 
throne! Now, however, coalesced among themselves, they would 
destroy the independence and the most sacred rights of France. They 
have commenced the most unjust of aggressions. Let us march, then» 
to meet them. Are they and we no longer the same men ? 

<' Soldiers, at Jena, against these same Prussians, now so arrogant, 
•you were one against three, and at Montmi rail one against six I 

** Let those among you who have been prisoners of the English, 
detail to you the hulks, and the frightful miseries which they sufiered! 

" The Saxons, the Belgians, the Hanoverians, the solcliers of the 
Coofederatien of the Rhine, lament that they are compelled to lend 
their arms to the cause of Princes, the enemies of justice and of the 
rights of all nations; they know that this coalition is insatiable! After 
hating devoured twelve millions of Pules, twelve millions of Italians, 
one million of Saxons, six millions of Belgians, it must devour the 
states of the second rank of Germany. 

" The madmen ! a moment of prosperity blinds them. The op* 
pression and humiliation of the French people are beyond their power. 
If they enter France, they will there find their tomb. 

<' Sohiiers ! we have forced marches to make, battles to fight, dangers 
to encounter; but, with steadiness, victory will be ours— the rights, 
the honour, the happmess of the country will be re-conquered ! 

«« To every Frenchman who has a heart, the moment is arrived to 
conquer or peri^ (Signed) Napoleok. 

(A true copy.) " The Marshal DiUtc of Dalmatia, Major-gen.'' 

Beaumont y June 15th three in the morning. .—To Prince Joseph.— 
Brother,—The enemy being in motion to attack us, I march to meet 
him : hostilities will then begin to-day. Thus I desire that the com- 
nuinicatioiiii which have been prepared may be made. 

Your affectionate Brother. 



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BATTLE 09 w:irrBmLoo< . ess 

Ckwrk^, Jtme l6th, 1815.^To the Mioitter aft Wftr.«^My 
CoOsin^-^-'-Seiid me all the Genends I bavedemandedi and partiCttkrly 
General M^iUoh Duvernet; tend me also General Lepie of the 
guard i h^ understands the use of the sabre, {(fat un bon 4abreur) and 
will do well in the grenadiers. 

Jm€ l6th, — ^To Prince Joseph.*— Brother, — ^The bulletin will in* 
form you what is passed. I advance my head quarters to Sombref ; 
we are all in motion. I much regret the loss of General Letort. The 
loss vesteitlay was inconsiderable, and fell chiefly 0.1 the four 
ftqoadron^ bt the suard on duty. The confiscation of the property of 
the traitors, who hold meedngs at Ghent, is necessaiy. Vouraflee- 
tionate Brother. 

FRENCH OFFICIAL* DETAIL OF THE BATTLES 
WITH THE PRUSSIANS AND ENGLISH, WITH 
KEY'S OBSERVATIONS. 

POSITION OF THE FRENCH ARMY* 

On the 14th the Mtny was placed hi the followiog order: 

The Imperial Hend-qoarters at Beanmont. 

The first corps, commanded by General Count D*Erlon, 
W3M at SoIre-sur-Sambre. 

The second corps, commanded by General Reille, was 
at Ham-sur*Heure. 

The third corps, commanded by General Vandamme, wat 
on the right of Beaumont. 

The fourth corps, commanded by General Girard, was 
arriving at Philippeville. 

On the 15th, at three in the morning. General Reille 
attacked the enemy, and advanced upon Af archiennes-au* 
Pont. He had several engagemenu, in which his cavalry 
charged a Prussian battalion, and made 300 prisoners. 

At one o'clock in the morning, the Emperor was at 
5amignan-8ur-Henre. 

Genei-al D*Aumont*s division of li^ht cavalry sabred two 
Prussian battalions, and made 400 prisoners. 

General Pajol entered Charleroi at noon. The sappers 
and the marines of the gnard were with the van to repair 
the bridges. They penetrated the fir^t into the town as 
sharp-shooters. 

General Clari, with the first regiment of hussars, advanced 
upon Gosselies, on the road to Brussels^ and General Pajol 
upon Gilly, on the road to Namur. 

At three in the -afternoon. General Vandamme, with his 
corps, debouched upon Gill v. 

Marshal Grouchy arrived with the cavalry of General 
Excelmans. 

The enemy occupied the left of the position of Fleurus. 

^ Vide ftuther paiticulars in the French Officers' Account, Part L 

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^54 OFFICIAL fRBNCH ACCOUKT. 

Al five o'clock in the afternoon, the Emperor ordered the 
attack. The position was tamed and carried. The four 
squadrons, on service, of the guard, commanded bj General 
Leton, broke three squares. The 26th, 97th, and 28th 
Prussian regiments were put to the rout. Our squadrons 
sabred 4 or 500 men, and made 150 prisoners. 

Baring this time General Reille passed the Sambre, at 
Marchiennes«au-Pont, to advance upon Gosselies, with the' 
divisions of Prince Jerome and General Bachelu, attacked 
the enemy, took from him 250 prisoners, and pursued him 
on the road to Brussels. 

Thus we became masters of the whole position of Fleurus. 

At eight in the evening, the Emperor relumed to hk 
head-quarters at Charleroi. This da^ cost the edemy five 
pieces of cannon, and 2000 men, of whom 1000 are pri- 
soners. Our loss is 10 killed and 80 wounded, chiefly of 
the squadrons of service which made the charges, and of 
the three squadrons of the 20th regiment of dragoons, who 
also charged a square with the greatest intrepidity. Our 
loss, though trifling as to number, is sensibly felt by the 
Emperor, on account of the severe wound received by 
General Letort, his Aid-de-Camp, while charging at the 
bead of the squadrons of service. This is an officer of the 
most distinguished merit ; he is wounded by a ball in the 
stomach, and the surgeon is apprehensive that his wound 
will prove mortal. 

We have found sojne magazines at Charleroi. The joy 
of the Belgians is not to be described. There are villages, 
where, on the sight of theii^ deliverers, they made dances ; 
and every where it is a transport which comes from the 
heart. 

The Emperor has given the command of the left to the 
Prince of Moskwa, who had his head-quarters, this even- 
ing, at Quatre Chemiers (Quatre Bras), on the road to 
Brussels. 

The Duke of Treviso, to whom the Emperor had ^iven 
the command of the young guard, has remained at Beau- 
mont, being confined to his bed by a sciatica. 

The fourth corps, commanded by General Girard, ar- 
rived this evening at Ch&tel. 

General Girard reports, that Lieutenant-General Beau- 
mont, Colonel Clouet, and Captain Viliontreys, of the cavalry,, 
have gone over to the enemy. A Lieutenant of the Uth 
Chasseurs, has also gone over to the enemy. The Major- 
General has ordered the. sentence of the law to be pro- 
nounced against these deserters. 

Motbing can paint the good spirit and the ardour of the 
army. It considers, as a happy event, the desertion of thU 
small number of traitors who iUus throw off the mask. 



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BATTLB OF WATERLOO* 955 

BATTLE OF MGNY-UNDER-PLEURUS. 

Paris, June ^h 

On the morning of the l6th the army occupied the follow- 
incr position : — 

The left wing, commanded by the Marshal Bute of 
Elchingen, and consisting of the 1st and 2d corps of 
infantry, and the 2d of cavalry, occupied the positions of 
Frasne. ^ 

The ri^ht wing, commanded by Marshal Grouchy, and 
composed of the 3d and 4th corps of infantry, and the 3d 
corps of cavalry, occupied the heights in rear of Fleurus. 

The Emperor's head-qaarters were at Charleroi, where 
were the Imperial Guard and the 6th corps. 

The left wmg had orders to march upon Quatre Bras, and 
the right upon Sombref. The Emperor advanced to Fleurus 
with his reserve. 

The columns of Marshal Grouchy being in march, per- 
ceived, after having passed Fleurus, the enemy's army, 
commanded by Field Marshal Blucher, occupying with 
Its left the heights of the mill of Bussy, the village of 
Sombref, and extending its cavalry a great way forward 
on the road to Namur; its right was at St. Amand, and 
occupied that large village in great force, having before it 
a ravine which formed its position. 

The Emperor reconi^oitred the strength and the positions 
of the enemy, and resolved to attack immediately. It be* 
came necessary to change front, the right in advance, and 
pivoting upon Fleurus. 

General Vandamme marched upon St. Amand, General 
Girard upon Ligny, and Marshal Grouchy upon Sombref. 
The 4th division of the 2d corps, commanded by General 
Girard, marched in reserve behind the corps of General 
Vandamme. The guard was drawn up on the heights of 
Fleurus, as well as tne cuirassiers of General Milbaud. 

At three in the afternoon, these dispositions were finished. 
The division of General Lefol, forming part of the corps of 
General Vandamme, was first engaged, and made itself 
master of St. Amand, whence it drove out the enemy at thp 
point of the bayonet. It kept its ground during the whole 
of the engagement, at the burial-ground and steeple of St. 
Amand ; but that village, which is very extensive., was the 
theatre of various combats during the evening; the whole 
corps of General Vandamme was there engaged, and the 
enemy there fought in considerable force. 

General Girard placed as a reserve to the corps of 
General Vandamme, turned the village by its. right, and 
fought there with its accustomed valour. The respective 
forces were supported on both sides by about 50 pieces of' 
cannon each. 



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tM9 OFtlOlkh fBBMOB AtVQimr. 

Oq the rigbtf Gentrml Gtrard oame ioto aotioa with the 
4th corp3i 91 the village of Ligny^ which was taken and re- 
taken several times. 

Marshal Grouchy^ on the extr^e right, and General 
Pajol fought at the village of Sombref. The enemy show- 
ed from 80 to 90,000 men, and a great namber of cannon. 

At seven o'clock we were masters of all the villages 
' situate on the bank of the ravine, which covered 'tn^ 
enemy's position ; but he still occupied^ with all his masses^ 
the heights of the mill of Bussv, 

The JBmperor returned with his guard to the village of 
Ligov; General Girard directed General Pecheux to de*^ 
bouch with what remained of tlie reserve^ almost all the 
troops having been engaged in that village. 

Eight battalions ot the suard debouched with fixed 
bayonets, and behind them, four squadrons of the guards^ 
the Cuirassiers of General Delort, those of General M ilhand, 
and the grenadiers of the horse guards. The old guard 
attacked with the bayonet the enemy's columns, which 
were on the heights of Bussy, and in an instant covered 
the field of battle with dead. The squadron of the guard 
attacked and broke a square, and the Cuirassiers repulsed 
the enemy in all directions. At half past nine o'clock 
we had forty pieces of cannon, several carriages, colours, 
and prisoners^ and the enemv sought safety in a precipi- 
tate retreat. At ten o'clock the battle was finished, and we 
found ourselves masters of the field of battle. 

General Lutzow, a partisan, was taken prisoner. The 
prisoners assure us, that Field Marshal Blucher was wound- 
ed. The flower of the Prussian army was destroyed in this 
battle. Its loss could not be less than 1,5,000 men. Our's 
was 3,000 killed and wounded. 

On the leflt. Marshal Ney had marched on Quatre Bras 
with a division, which cut in pieces |tn English division 
which was stationed there; but being attacked hy the 
Prince of Orange with 25,000 men, partly English, partly 
Hanoverians in the pay of England, he retired upon his 
position at Frasoe. There a multiplicity of combats took 
place; the enemy obstinatehr endeavoured to force it, but 
10 vain. The Duke of Elchinjgen waited for the 1st corps, 
which did not arrive till night ; he confined himself to 
maintaining his position* In a square attacked by the 8th 
r<^ment of Cuirassiers, the colours of the OQth regiment 
or English infantry fell into our hands. The Duke of 
Brunswick was killed. The Prince of Qrauge has been 
wounded. We are assured that the enemy had many per* 
sonages apji Generals of note killed or wounded; we esu- 
mate the loss of the English at from 4 to 5,000 men ; our's 
on this sule was very considerable^ it amounts to 4,£00 



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BATTLB OF WATBBLOO. fSf 

kiflcd or wbntided. The combat ended with the appioach 
of night. Lord WetlingtoB then evacuated Qoatre Bras^ 
and proceeded to Genappe. 

In the morning of the 17tfay the Emperor repaired to 
Quatfe Brm, whence be marched to attack the Eagliflh 
arm J : he drove it lio the entrance of the foreit of Soignet 
with the left wing and the reserve. The right wing ad« 
▼anfced by Sombref^ in pursuit of Field Marshal Blucher, 
who WM goin^ towards W avre, where he appeared to wieli 
to take a position. 

At ten o'clock in the evening, the English army occupied 
Mdunt St. Jean with its centre, and was in position before 
the forest of Soignes : it would have required three hours to 
attack it ; we were therefore obliged to postpone tt till the 
next day. 

The head quarters of the Emperor were establiriied at 
the fiarm of Ofullon, near Planchenoit. The rain fell in 
torrents. Thus, on the l6ih, the left wing, the ritffat, and the 
reserve, were equally engaged, ata^listance of about two 
leagues. 

BATTLE OF MOUNT ST. ^£AN. 

At nine in the momiiig, the raiu having somewliat iabated^ 
the lit corps put itself in motion, and placed itself with the 
lefty on the noad to Brussels^ and opposite the village of 
Mount St. Jean, which appeared the centxe of the enemy's 

Bosition. The 2d corps leaned its right upon the road to 
ntisek, and its left upon a small wood^ within canaoa shot 
of the Ettfflish army. The Cuirassiers were in reserve be* 
hind, and me guardb im reserve upon the heights. The 6th 
Gorp% widi the cavalry of General D'Aumoot, under the 
order of Count Xobaa, waa destined to proceed in rear of 
oar right to 4M)pose a Prussian corpse which appealed to 
have eacBfed Marahal Grouchy, an<t to intend to faU upon 
our right flank, an inteatiou which had been made koowii 
to Bs by our reports, and by the letter of a Prussian general^ 
inclosing an order of battle, and which was taken by our 
light troops. 

The troops wtere f t^U of ardour. We estimated the force of 
the English army at 80,000 men. We supposed that th^ 
Prussian corps, which might be in line towards the right, 
might be 15^)00 joen. The enemy's foree, thee, Fa« 
upwards of 00,000 men, cur's less nunterous. 

At noon, all the preparaticHi^ being tenmiuated. Prince 
Jerome, commanding a division of the second corps, and 
destined to form the extseme left of it, advanced upon the 
wood of which the enemy occupied a part. The cannonade 
began. The enemy suppiorted, with 30 pieces of caAOon> 



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f58 . FftBNCH ACCOUNT. 

the troops he had sent to keep the utood. ' We miMle* atao 
OQ our side dispositioos of artiuery. At one o'clock^ Prince 
Jerome was master of all the wpod^ and the whole EpgKsIi 
army fell back behind a curtain. Comit d'£rlon ifa^en 
attacked the village of Mount St. Jean^ and supported his 
attack with 60 pieces of cannon, which must nave occa- 
sioned great loss to the £nj;lish army. All the efforts were 
made towards the ridge. A brigade of the 1st divi$ioo of 
Count d'Erlon took tne village of Mount St. Jean ; a se- 
cond brigade was charged by a corps of English cavalrj^ 
which occasioned it much loss. At the same momeot^ a 
division of English cavalry charged the batterjr of Count 
d'Erlon by its right, and disorganised several pieces ; but 
the cuirassiers of General Milhaud charged that division^ 
three regiments of which were broken and cut up. 

It was three in the afternoon. The Emperor made the 
guard advance . to . place it in the plain upon the ground 
which the first corps had occupied at the outset of the battle ; 
his corps being already in advance. The Prussian division, 
whose movement had been foreseen, then engaged with tlie 
lieht troops of Count Lobau, spreading its nre upon our 
whole right flank. It was expedient, before undertaking 
any thing elsewhere, to wait for the event of this attack. 
Hence, all the means in reserve were ready Jo succour 
Count Lobau, and overwhelm the Prussian corps when it 
should be advanced. 

This done, the Emperor had the design of leading an attack 
upon the village of Mount St. Jean, from which we expected 
decisive success; but> by a movement of impatience so fre- 

JFuent in our military annal^, and, which has pften been so 
atal to us, the cavalry of reserve having perceived a retro- 
f;rade movement made by the English to shelter themselves 
rom our batteries, from which they suffered so much, 
crowned the heights of Mount St. Jean, and charged the 
infantry. This movement, which, made in time, and sup- 
ported by the reserves, must have decided the day, made in 
an isolated manner, and before affairs on the right were 
terminated^ became fatal. 

Having no means of countermanding it, the enemy show- 
ing many masses of cavalry and infantry, and oui two divi- 
sions of Cuirassiers being engaged, all our cavalry ran at the 
same moment to support their comrades. There, for three 
hours, numerous charges were made, which enabled us to 

{>enetrate several squares, and to take six standards of the 
ight infantry, an advantage out of proportion with the loss 
which our cavalry experienced by the grape shot and musket- 
iiring. It was impossible to dispose of our reserves of in- 
fantry until we had repulsed the flank attack of the Prussian 
corps. This attack always prolonged itself perpendicularly 

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BATTJLB OF WATERLOO. 239* 

* 

m>on bur ri^bt flank. The Emperor sent thither General 
Duhesme with the young guards and several batteries of re- 
serve. The enemy was kept in cheeky repulsed, and fell 
back — he had exhausted his forces, and we had nothing 
more to fear. It was this moment that was indicated for an 
attack upon the centre of the enemy. As the Cuirassier^ 
suffered by the grape-shot, we sent four battalions of the 
middle guard to protect the Cuirassiers, keep the position, 
and, if possible, aisengage and draw back into the plain a 
part of our cavalry. 

Two other battalions were sent to keep themselves tn 
potefice upon the extreme left of the division, which had 
manoeuvred upon our flanks, in order not to have any un? 
easiness on that side — the rest was disposed in reserve, part 
to occupy thepotence in rear of Mount St Jean, part upon 
the ridge in rear of the field of battle, which formed ouf 
petition of retreat. 

In this state of affairs, the battle was gained ; we occu* 
pied all the positions, which the enemy occupied at the out« 
set of th^ battle : our cavalry having been too soon and ill 
;employed, we could no longcx hope for decisive success ; 
but Marshal Grouchy having learned the movement of the 
Prussian corps, marched upon the rear of that corps, which 
insured us a signal success for next day. After eight hours' 
fire and charges of infantry and cavalry, all the army saw with 
joy the batde gained> and the field of battle in our power. 

At half-after eight o'clock, the four battalions of the 

middle guard, who had been sent to the ridge on the other 

side of Mount St. Jean, in order to support the Cuirassiers, 

being greatly annoyed by the grape snot, endeavoured to 

carry the batteries with the bayonet. At the end of the 

day, a charge directed ag^ainst their flank, by several English 

squadrons, put them in disorder. The fugitives recrosseo the 

ravine. Several regiments, near at hand, seeing some troopB 

belonjging to the guard in confusion, believed it was the old 

«giiarc^ and in consequence were thrown into disorder. Cries 

of all is lost, the guard is drivtn back, were heard on every 

.side. The soldiers pretend even that on many points ill- 

ilisposed persons cried out, sauoe qui peut. However this 

may be, a complete panic at once spread itself throughout 

^the'whole field of battle, and they threw themselves in the 

greatest disorder on the line of communication ; soldiers, 

cannoneers, caissons, all pressed to this point; the old 

(guard, vi^hich was in reserve, was infected, and was itse}f 

' hurried along. 

In ah instant, the whole army wiEts nothing but a mass of 
4iConfusioD; all the soldiers, of all arms, were mixed pile-mile, 
,ani it was utterly impossible to rally a single corps. The 
ienemy^ who peiceived this astonishing confusion, imme* 



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itSO fREKCH AecovHir. ' 

diately attaclced with th^vr cavalry^ and ncreased the dis- 
order, and sach was the cooftision, owing to night coming 
on, that it was impoesible to rally the troops> and point out 
to them their error. Thus a battle terminated, a da? of false 
manoeuvres rectified, the greatest success insurea for the 
next day, — all was lost by a daoment of panic terror. Even 
the squadrons of service, drawn up by the side of the 
Emperor, were overthrown and disorganized by these tnmoU 
toons waves, and there 9nm then nothing else to be done 
but to follow the torrent. The parks of reserve, the bag- 
gage which had not repassed the Sambre, in short every 
thing that was on the field of battle, remained in the power 
%j{ the enemy. It was impossible to wait for the troops on 
oar right ; every one knows what the bravest army in the 
world is when thus mixed and thrown into confusion, and 
when its organisation no longer exists. 

The Emperor crossed the Sambre at Charleroi, at five 
oVloek in tlie morning of the 19th. Philltppeville and 
Avesnes have been given as the points of re -union. Prince 
Jerome, General Morand, and other generals have there 
ahready rallied a part of the army. Mmhal Groacby, with 
the corps on the right, is moving on the Lower Sambre. 

The loss of the enemy must lave been very great, if we 
may judge from the number of standards we nave taken 
from them, and from rtie retrograde movements which he 
made; — cur's cannot be calculated till after the troops 
shall have been collected. Before the disorder hrake 
out, we had already experienced a very considerable loss, 
particularly in our cavalry, so fstally, thoueh so bravely 
engaged. Notwithstanding these losses, this brave ca^ry 
constantly kept the position it had taken ftt>m the English, 
^nd only abandoned it when the tumult and dtsimler of the 
field of battle forced it. In the midst of the night, and the 
obstacles which encumbered their route, it could notpre- 
serve its own organization. 

The artillery has, as osnal, covered Itself with ^017^ The 
carriages belonging to the head-quarcett remained in their 
ordinary position: no retrograde movement being judged 
necessary. In the coarse o? the night, l)hey fell into the 
enemy's hands. 

Such has been the issue of the battle of Mount St^ Jean^ 
glorious for the French armies^ and yet ao fiital. 

THE PRINCE OF MOSKWA (MARSHAL NEY) TO 
HIS EXCELLENCY THE X)UKE OF OTRANTO. 

M. LB Due, — ^The most false aod defamatory reports 
have been spreadioff for some days over the puUic jmnd, 
«qpoQ the coiidaot which I have pursued durii^ ihis«bort and 

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Bofortttnale campaign. The joturoab b^ve reported those 
odious caliimniee, and appear to kad them credit. Afp^ 
having fooffht for twenty-^five years for my couotry^ after 
having shed ray blood for its glory and indepeadeoce, w 
attempt is made to accuse mue of. treason ; an atten^pt is 
made to mark me out to the people, and the army i^lf^ as 
the author of the disaster it has jost experienced. 

Forced to break silence, while it is always painful to speak 
of oneself, and above all, to answer ciilumnies, I addre^ 
myself to you. Sir, as the President of the Provisional 
Government, for the purpose of laying before you a faithful 
statement of the events i have witnessed. Qn the 11th qf 
June, I received an order from the Minister of War tq 
repair to the Imperial presence. I had no command, aii4 
no information upon the composition and strenetb of the 
army. Neither tne Emperor nor his Minister had given 
me any previous hint, from which I could anticipate that 
I should be employed in the present campaign, I was con* 
sequently taken hy surprise, without horses, without accon-* 
trements, and without money, and I was oblif^d to borrow 
the necessary expenses of my journey. Haying arrived on 
tibe 10th, at Laon, on the ISth at Aveanes,and on the 14tU 
at Beaumont, I purchased, in this last cit^, two horses from 
the Duke of Treviso, with which J repaired, on the l^th, 
to Charieroi, accompanied by my first aidede*camp^ the 
only officer who attended me. 1 arrived ^ the moo^ent 
when the enemy, attacked by our tcoq[>s, was ,jretreating 
upon Fleurus and GU>sselies. 

The Emperor ordered me immediately to put myself 9I t,be 
head of the 1st and fid corps of infantry, co^nmanded by 
Lieutenant Generals d'£rlon and ReUle, of the divisions (i 
light cavalry of Lieutenant General Pine, of the diyisiop o^ 
light cavalry of the ffuard under the command qf JUieM^nant 
Generals Lefebvre Desnouet^ and Colbert, and of .twa 
divisions of cavalry of the C!ount Valmy, fprming, \n a]I,«igbt 
divisions of inftmtr^, and four of cavalry. With thc^se 
troops, a part of which only I had as yet under my imm^« 
diate command, I pursued the enemy> and forced him ta 
•vaouate Gosselies, Frasnes, Millet* Heppegnies. Them 
they took up a position for the nu;bt, with the exceptiqn 
of the 1st corps, which was still at Marchiennes, f^nd which 
did not join me till the following day. 

On the I6th, I received orders to attach the English^ in 
their position alQuatre Braa. We advanced towards thi^ 
enemy with an enthusiasm difficult to be described. No* 
thing resisted our impetuosity. The battle became general^ 
aild victory was no longer doubtful, n^hep, at the mqmept 
that I intended to order up the first corps of infa|itry,.whi9Ji 
had been left by me in reserve at Frasnes, I learned ihat the 

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€62 f BENCH ACOOtJNT. : 

£mperor had disposed of it without adverting me of the 
circCHnst&ncey as well as <of the division of Girard of the 
second corps, on purpose to direct them upon St. Amand, 
and to strengthen his left wing, which was vigorously en- 
gaged with the Prossians. The shock which this intelligence 
gave nte, bonfounded me. Having no longer under me more 
than three divisions, instead of the eight upon which I cal- 
culated, I was obliged to renounce the hopes of victory ; 
and, in spite of all my efforts, in spite of the intrepidity and- 
devotion of my troops, my utmpst efforts after that could 
only maintain me in my position till the close of the day.' 
About nine o'clock, the first corps was sent me by the 
Emperor, to whom it had been of no service. Thus twenty- 
five or thirty thousand men were, I may say, paraiized, and 
were idly paraded during the whole of the battle from the. 
right to the left, and the left to the right, wkhout firing a shot. 

It is impossible for me. Sir, not to arrest your atteatioft 
for a moment upon these details, in order to bring before 
your view all the consequences of this false movement, and, 
in general, of the bad arrangements during the whole of the 
day* By what fetality, for exam pie,, did the Emperor, in-^ 
stead of leading all his forces against Lord Wellington, who 
would have been attacked unawares, and could not have 
resisted, consider this attack as secondary? How did the 
Emperor, after the passage of the Sambre, conceive it pos- 
sible to fight two battles on the same day i It was to oppose 
forces double oiir's, and to do what military mea who were 
witnesses of it can scarcely yet comprehend. Instead of tbis^ 
had be left a corps of observation to watch the Prussians, 
and marched with bis most powerful masses to support me,, 
the English army had undoubtedly been destroyed between 
Quatre Bras, and Genappes ; and, this position, which sepe- 
rated the two allied armies, being once in our power, would 
have opened for the Emperor an opportunity of advancing 
to the rig^t of the Prussians, and of crushing them in their 
turn. Tlie general opintpn in France, and especially in the 
army, was, that the Emperor would have bent his whole 
efforts to annihilate first the English armv ; and circum- 
stances were favourable for the accomplisameot of sucli a 
project : but fate ordered otherwise. 

On the 17 th, the army marched in the directioo of Mount 
St. Jean. 

* On the 18th, the battle began at one o'clock, and. though 
the bulletin, which details it, makes no mention of me, it is. 
not necessary for me to mention that I was engaged in it^ 
Lieutenant General Count Drouet* has already spoken of 
that battle, in the House of Peers. His narration is accurate, 
with the exception of some impo?tant facis which he has 

* • % 

* Vide Vol. UU for this OiQcer/s Account of the Batile. 

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BATTLB OF WATERLOO. €63 

|)«s$ed Over in silence^ or of which he was ignorant^ and which 
^t is now my duty to declare. . About seven o'clock in the 
evenings after the most frightful carnage which I have ever 
witnessed. General Labedovere came to me with a message 
fKom the £mperor^ that Marshal Grouchy had arrived on 
our right, and attacked the left of the English and Prussians 
united. This General Officei;, in riding along the lines, 
spread this intelligence among the soldiers, 'whose courage 
and devotion remained upshaken, and who gave new proofs 
of them at that moment, in spite of the fatigue which they 
experienced.. Immediately after, what was my astonishment, 
I should rather say indignation, when I learned, that so for 
from Marshal Grouchy having arrived to support us, as the 
whole army had heen assured, between forty and fifty thou- 
sand Prussians attacked our extreme right, and forced it to 
retire! 

Whether the Emperor was deceived with refi;ard to. the 
time when the Marshal could support him, or whether the 
m^rch of the Marshal was retarded by the efforts of the 
enemy, longer than was calculated upon, the fact is, tba,t at 
the moment when his arrival was announced to us, he 
was only at Wavre upon the Dvle, which to us was the 
sinme as if he had been a hundred leagues from the fi^ld of 
battle. 

A short time afterwards, I saw four regiments of the 
middle guard, .conducted by the Emperor, arriving. With 
these troops, he wished to renew the attack, and to penetrate 
the centre of the enemy. He ordered me to lead them 
pn ; generals, officers, and soldiers all displayed the greatest 
intrepidity ; but this body of troops was too weak to resist, 
/or a long time, the forces opposed to it by the enemy, an4 
it was soon necessary to renouiice the hope which thi$ 
attack had, for a few moments, inspired. General Friant 
had been struck with a ball by my side, and I myself had 
my horse killed, and fell under it. The brave men who 
will jeturn from this terrible battle will, I hope, do me the 
justice to say, that they saw me oq foot with sword in hand 
during the whole of the evening, and that 1 only quitted 
the scene of carnage among the last, and at the moment 
when retreat could no longer be prevented. At the same 
.timcj the Prussians continued their offensive movements, and 
pur right sensibly retired, the English advanced in their turn. 
.There remained to us still four squares of the Old Guard to 
protect the retreat. These brave grenadiers, the choice of 
the army, forced successively to retire, yielded ground fpot 
.by foot, till, overwhelmed by numbers, they were almost en- 
tirely annihilated. From, that moment, a retrograde move-* 
ment was declared, and the army formed nothing but ^ 
confused mass. There was not, howevei a total routj nor 



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264 #ftSNCH ACCOVNT. 

the cry of Same qui pent / a« baft bete cahmmiMdj irtated 
IB the bulletin. As for myself^ constanily in the Pear-gaad^ 
^hich I followed on foot, having all my horses killed^ wortt 
oot with fatigue^ covered With contusions, and having no 
longer strength to march, I owe my life to a corporal who 
supported me on the road, and diet not abandon me daridfl^ 
the retreat. At eleven at niffht I found Lieutenant GenetiM 
Lefebvre Desnouettes, and one of his officers, Maior 
Schmidt, had th^ generosity to give me th^ only hone thai 
remained to him. In this manner I arrived at Mardiienne^ 
an-pont at four o'clock in the morning, alone, witbout any 
officers of my staff, ignorant of what had become of th6 
Emperor, who, before the end of the battle, had entirely dis- 
lippeared, and who, I was allowed to believe; might be either 
killed or taken prisoner. General Pampfaele Lacroix, chief 
of the staff of the second corps, whom 1 found in this city, 
having told me that the Emperor was at Charleroi, I was 
led to suppose that his Majesty was going to put himself at 
the head of Marshal Grouchjr^ corps, to cover the Sambre, 
and to fkciUtate to the troops the means of rallying toward* 
Avesnes, and, with this persuasion, I went to Beaumont ; but 
parties of cavalry foHowmff on too near, and having already 
intercepted the roads of Maubeuge and PhiUppeville, I 
became sensible of the total impossibility of arresting a 
single soldier on that point to oppose the progress of the 
Notorious enemy, I continued my inarch upon Avesned^ 
where I could obtain no intelligence of what bad become 
of the Emperor. 

In this state of matters, having no knowledge of hi^ 
Majesty nor of the Major-General, conftision increasing 
livery moment, and, with the exception of some fraratentt 
of re^ments of the ^ard and of tne line, every one foUow-^ 
)ng bis own inclination, I detemiined immediately to go to 
)^aris by St. Quentin, to disclose, as quickly ,as possible^ 
kfae thie state 6f affairs to the Minister of War, that hk 
might send to the army some fresh trodps, and take th^ 
measured which circumstances rendered neeess&ry. At m V 
knival at Bourc^et, three leagues from Paris, I learned tbia 
the Emperor had passed there at nine o'clobk in the 
knoming. 

Such, B{. le Due, is a history of this calamitous cam- 



fow, I ask those who have survived this fine mA nume- 
tons army, how I can b^ accused of the disasters of which 
it has been the victim, and of whicb your military annals 
furnish no example. I have, it is said, betrayed my coun4 
try — ^I who, to serve it, have shown a zeal which I perhaps 
bave carried to ika extravagant height ; bi|t this cdumny ik 



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BATTLE OV WATEBLOO. ftfiS 

fuppoffted by no hct, by no circumstance. Bot bow can 
these odious reports, which spread with frigbt&l rapidity, 
be arrested f If> in the researches which I could make oa 
this subject, I did not fear almost as much to discoTcr as to 
be ignorant of the truths I would say, that aU was a ten«> 
<hnicy to convince that I hare been unworthily deceived; 
and that it is attempted to cover, with the pretence of trea^ 
soh, the fadts and extravagancies of this campaign ; faults 
triiicb have not been avowed in the bulletins that have 
ippearedy and against which I in vain raised that voice of 
truth which I will yet cause to resound in the House of 
Peers. I expect^ from the candour of your Excellenoyy and 
from your indulgence to me, that you will cause this letter 
to be inserted in the Journal^ and give it the greatest possible 
publicity.^ 

r renew to your Excellency, 8u% 

Marshal Prince of MOSEWA4 
ParU, Jum 66^ 1815. 

REPORT ADDRESSED TO THE EMPEROR, 
BY MARSHAL BE GROUCHY. 

^' Dinant, June 20th, 1815. 

^' It was. not till after seven in the evening of the lOCb of 
JfttJie, that I reoeived the letter of the Duke of Dalbuttja, 
which directed me to OMurch on St. Lambert^ and to attack 
General Bnlow. I fell in with the enemy as 1 was marching 
on Wavre. He was imntediately driven into Wav;*e, and 
General Vandamme's corps attacked that town^ add was 
wariniy engaged, Tbe portion of Wavre> on the ri^ht of 
the Dyle, was carried^ but much difficulty was experienced 
m debouching on the oilier side. General Girard was 
wounded by a ball in the breast, while endeavouring io 
^arry the mill of Bielge^ in order to pass the river^ but in 
which he did not succeed, and Lieutenant General Aix had 
been killed in the attack on the* town. In this state of 
things, being impatient to coHoperate with your Majesty'Ss 
army on that important day,. I detached several corps to 
force the passage of the Dyle and march against Bnlow* 
The corps of Vandamme, in the meantime, maintained tkt 
attack on the Wavre, and on the mill, whence the enemj 
showed an intention to debouch, but which I did not con<> 
ceive he was capable of effecting. I arrived at limale, 
passed the river, and the heights were carried by the divis'on 
of Vichery and the cavalry. Night did not permit us to 
advance farther, and I no longer neard the cannon on he 
%ide where your Majesty was engaged. 

'' I halted in this situation until day-light. Wa\reand 
Bielge were occupied by the Prussians^ who, at three in the 



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fi66 FRBHCH ACCOirNT« ! 

morning of the 18tb, attacked in tbeir tnro^ wbfaing to take 
advantage of the difficuli position in which I was, and ex-* 
pecting to drive me into the deiile/and take the artillery 
which nad debouched, and make me repass the Dyle. Their • 
efforts were fruitless. The Prussians were repulsed, and 
the village of Bielge taken. The brave General Penny was « 
killed. 

General Vandamme then passed one of his divisions by 
Bielge, and carried with ease the heights of Wavre, and 
alone the whole of my line the success was complete. I 
was in front of Rozierne, preparing to march on Bmssek, 
when 1 received the sad intelligence of the loss of the battle 
of Waterloo. The officer who brought it informed me, 
that your Majesty was retreating on Uie Sambre, withont 
being able to indicate any particular point on which I should 
direct my march. I ceased to pursue, and began niy retro- 
grade movement. The retreating enemy did not think of 
^>llowinff me. Learning that the enemy bad already passed 
the Sambre, and was on my flank, and not being sufficiently 
strong to make a diversion in favonr of your Majesty, vuth- 
out compromising thfit which 1 commanded, I marched on 
Kamur. At this moment, the rear of the columns were 
attacked. That of the left made a retrograde movement 
sooner than was expected, which endangered. Cor amomeJit. 
the retreat of the left ; but good dispositions soon repaired 
every thine, and two pieces which bad been taken, were 
recovered by the brave 20th dragoons, who besides toofc 
an howitzer from the enemy. We entered Namur without 

' loss. The long defile which extends firom this place to 
Dinant^ in which only a single column can march, and the 
embarrassment arising firom the numerous transports of 
wounded, rendered it necessary to hold for a considerable 
time the town, in which I had not the means of blowing up 
the bridge. I entrusted the defence of Namur to Generat 
Vandamme, who, with his usual intrepidity maintained him- 
self there till eight in the evening; so that nothing was left 
behind, and I occupied Dinant. 

'^ The enemy has lost some thousands of men in the at-» 
tack on Namur, where the contest was very obstinate; the 

' troops have performed their duty in a manner worthy of 
praise. 

(Signed) '* DE GROUCHY.'*- 



END OP FART II. 



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PA«r:IIL 



ALPHABETICAL LIST 

OF THK 

OFFICERS KILIiEB &; WOUNBEB, 

AND 

REGIMENTAL LOSS, 

T'BibU THE OFFICIAL RETURNS; 
WITH AN ENUMERATION Ot THE 

WATERLOO HONOURS AND PRIVILEGES, 

Jnd of those entitled thereto ; 

AS ALSO, • 

THE NAUES OF THOSE WHO ARE ADMITTED 

INTO • 

The Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath^ 

AND 

ORDERS OF THE ALLIED SOVEREIGNS; 

CONCLUDING WITH 

BIOGRAPHICAL AND MILITARY NOTICES 

OF THE ^ ' . 

FALLEN HEROES- 



ALPHABETICAL LIST OF KILLED and WOUNDED ♦ 
Fnm the Official Retunu, June l6 to June 26, 1815^ 



Col. Hon. A. Abercromby* Ass, Qua. 

Mast. Gen. Cold. F. G. v. 
Lieot. Acres, 7) F. timce dead, 
CapU Adair, 1 P. G. do, 
Maj. .Gen. Adaim sev. 10. 
Lieut. Albert* 1 Lt Inf. K. G. Les. k. 
Ensign Aldersoo, 33 F. seo. fight arm 

amp, 
JMai, Alstone, i F. to. 
Lt: Gen. Sir C. Alten, K. C B. iev, w, 
A dj. Lieat. Anderson* 71 F. w. 
Lieut Anderson, 58 t.»ev,l^Ug omp. 
Ensign Anderson, t¥,k, 
Ensicn Anderson; 69 F. sen. 
Adj. Lt. Andrews* 90 F. w, 
Lieut. Amhopy, 40 F. tcv. 
Ensign Appuhn, 4 line, Ger. Leg. iev« 
Lieut. Armstrong, 1 F., k, 
Lieut. Arnold* 10 Dr. lev. 
AAajor Arguimbeau, 1 F. w, 
Capt. Ashton, 3 F. G. A. 
Col. Askew, 1 F. G. sev. 10. 



Lieut. Bacon, 10 Dr. tev, 

Lieut Col. Bailey, 30 F. itt. 

Ensign Bain, 33 F. sea, 

Lieut Baird, 3 F. G. seo. 

Lieut. Baring, 1 Huss. K. G.I^io. 

Col. Sir A. F. Barnard, K. C. B. 95 F.w. 

Ca{>tain Barnard, t Dr. k, 

M^or Gen. Sir £. Barnes, K.C. B« Adj. 

Gen. tev. 10. 
Capt Barnett* 40 F. in. 
Lieut Barr, 32 F. tev, 
Lieut Barrallier, 71 F. w, 
Lieut. Barton, 1 F. G. tev. 
Lieut Hon. S. Barrington, 1 F. G. Jk« 
Capt. Battersby, 1 Dr. O.k. 
Lieut Batty, 1 F. G. w. 
Capt Bayne^, R. Art w, ). 

Major Beane, R. Art. k. 
Capt Beardesley, 51 F. tev. 
Lieut. Beatty, 7 Dr. tev. 
Ensign Becber, 92 F. fc. 



* It .has been the Editor's great care that Uus list should be accurate. Shoul4 
ther^ be any error, if the friends of the party will ha^e the goodness to commiK 
■icate it, it will, with pleisore» be fttteodcd to, /^ t 

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268 



orricxKt tULttD xm vovvbeb. 



lUjor Beekwithy An. Qua. Matt Gen* 

95 F. $ev. 
lient. Beere. 30 F. k. 
Ensign Behne, 1 Ft. Inf. Gar. Leg. tn, 
Lieat. Sir G. H. Berkelajr, K. C. B. 55 

F. Am, A<y. Geo. ««». 
buign Bennett* 3S F. m*. 
Lieot. Berger, 5 line, K. G. L. jev. 
Coraet Hon. H. Bernard^ 1 Dr. Goardi. 

kiUtd. 
Liaut. Bertie, If Dr. 1u 
Lieut BirtWhisde, 59 F. ae«. 
Ensign Birtwbisile» 5S F. lev. 
Lieat Black, 91 F. «. 
LiMt BUck, 1 F. A 
Capt Blackman, Cold. F. G. ilp. 
Ca|)t. Blackwood, 69 F. L 
Major Blair, Brig. Maj. 91 F. m«. 
Lieut. Bloifl, 1 Dr. v. 
Lieut BloomAehl, Boy. Artw. 
Jieot Boase, 52 F. leo. 
Capt. Bobert, K. G. X^ Brig. Major, 

M^or Boden, 5 line. It. G. L. sev. 

Capt. Bolton, R. Art. k. 

Major BaaeweU> 9 Lt Inf. K^G. L, k. 

Deut. 3oss«, 1 Lt Dr. IL G. L. to. 

Lieut Baron Both, 4 line, K.G. L. «. 

Lieut Bonveri^, R. H. G. w. 

Lt Col. Bowater, 3 F. G. w. 

Capt Bowle«, 28 F. seo. 

Lieut* Bowers, 15 Dr. w. 

Lt Col. Boyce, 15 Dr. w. 

Capt Boyce. 59 F. stnce dead, 

Lieut. Bojce, 55 F. ib. 

Lieut Boyd, 4 F. $ev. 

Ca|it Boyle, 49 F. lev. 

Capt Baron Bothmet, i Lt. Dr. K. G. L. 



Lt. Col. Sir H. Bradford. K. C. B. 1 F. G. 

Ass. Qua. Mast. Gen.s«v. 
Lieut Brander, 49 F. iv. 
Ensign Branwell, 99 F^ tev. right kg amp, 
Capt. Braun, Art. E.G. L. uv, 
Lieut Brereton, R. Art. tev. 
Ensign Bridge, T5 F. sto. 
Adj. Lt Bridffland, 28 F.sft. 
Capt Hon. O. Bridgeman, A. de C. to 

Lord HUl. 1 F. G. to. 
Adj. Lt Brinckmann, d line, K. G. L. uev. 
Major Bringhorst 1 Dr. G. k. 
Lieut Brooke, iDr.G. killed. 
Lieut. Brown, 79 F. tev. 
Lt CoL Brown, 79 F. sep. 
Capt Brown* 1 F. G. ^ 
tieut Browne, 75 F. tev, tinee deed, 
Lieut Hon. M. Browne, 40 F.scv. 
Capt. Browne, 6 Dr. tev» 
Lieut Browne, 4 F. tev. 
Lieut Brooke« 1 Dr. G. see. fntni^g, iup- 

poted to have been kUkd, 
Lieut Brookes, 59 F. ip. 
3 lieat Bruce, 1 Dr. G. tev, 
Capt Bruce, 79 F. tev. 
Ad). Ueut Bniggetnann* 5 Bvii.K.6. L. 

Capt. Brugh, 44 F. sea. 



Lieat Gen. Dake of BraQSwickO«l^ k 

Capt Bmhanan, 16 Dr. k, 

Lieot Boekt 55 F.k. 

Lieut. H. Buckley, 15 Dr. since dettd. 

Capt Buckley, i F. k. 

Lt Col. Baron Balow» 1 Lt Dr. K^G.L. 

tev. 
Capt Burgess, 1 F. G. ti^h tamp. 
Capt Bulow, 9 Lt. Dr. G. Leg. K 
Lieat Burke, 44 F. tev. 
Lieut Burke, 44 F. w. 
Major Bull, R. Att w. 
Ensign Buller, 50 F. k 
Capt. Bnmey, 44 F. seo. 
Major H. Baron Biiscke^ 1 Lt. XaH K. 

G. Leg. left arm amp. 
Liaut. Bttstaed, 69 F. sc9. 
Lieut. Butterworth, 59 F. w. 
Lieut W. Byam, 1.) Dr. tev. 
Lieut £. Byam, 15 F. lo. 
C. 



Major Cairnes, R. Art. k. 

Major A. Caoieron, 95 L. G. lea. 

Col. J. Cameron, 99 F. itace dead, 

Lieut Col. D. Cameron, 79 F. sea. 

Lieut. Coi Cameron, 75 F. tev. 

Lieut C. CamdroD, 79 F. tev. 

Lieut. A. Cameron, 79 F. w. 

Adj. Liaut Cameron, 1 F. tet. 

Lieut D. Cameron, 79 F. tev. 

Lieot J. Cameron, 53 F. unce dead, 

laent Donald Cameron, 95 F. w. 

I Capt John Cameron, 79 F. smct deodt 

Lt Col. C. Campbell, 1 F. icv. 

Lieut. Campbell, 52 F. tev. 

Lieut Campbell, 44 F. v. 

Lieut Cfimpbell, 40 F. w, 

Capt. Neil Campbell, 79 F. iia. 

Capt. Campbell. 9z F. tev. 

Capt Campbell, 71 F. w. 

Capt. James Campbell, 79 F. tev. 

Lt. Col. Canning. A. de Camp to At 

D. of WeiangtoA, 5 F. G. tmce dead. 
Lieut. Carey, 9 Lt. Inf. K. O. L. w. 
lieut Carruthers, 98 F. tev, 
Lieat. Carruthers, 9 Dr. littce dead, 
Capt Cassan, 59 F. tev. 
Lieut Cathcartt 91 F. do. 
Mi^or Chambers, 50 F* k. 
Capt. Chambers, 1 F. G. A. de Caaip ta 

Sir T. Ptcton, k. 
Capt. C. Chawner, 95 F. tt^> 
Lieat Chisholm, 99 F. k, 
Lieut Chisholm, 49 F. w. 
Lieut Chrichton, 16 Dr. tev. 
Ensign Christie, 44 F. do. 
Major Chuden, 4 line* K. G. L^. i&ltl 

Ensign Church, 96 F. tev. 
Lieut Col. Clarke, 9 Dr. do. 
Lieut Clarke, 1 F. do, 
t4eut Clarke, 98 F. itacc dead* 
Capt Clarke, 1 Dr. w. 
Ensign Clark, 40 F. tev^ 
Capt. Claud, Brie. Maj. G. leg. k, 
I C4»t* Hon. Xi. Clemeatfli. 1 F. G. tet. 



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^jLHrLt OF IfAtfiiiiod. 



liest Cljdf / 93 1*. w* 

Capft. Coanet 73 f . <««. 

lieut. H. Codnran, 95 1. w, 

Iieat.Coen» f8F. w. 

lieat Cole4> 11 Or. ^. 

Lie«t. Geltbortt, Sft F. w. 

Major Geo. Cooke> 10 arm oMp, 

lieat. Cdl. R. H. CQoke» 1 F. 6. letf. 

Ensign Cooke, 44 F, fc. 

Ensign Leo Mo^d Cooper* 1 F. sev» 

Ensign A. Cooper, 14 F. to. 

Lieut. CootiBi 71 t*. to. 

Lieut. Cottingham, 5t F. sev. 

Comet Cox, 1 L. O. <if. 

Lieat. Coxon, 95 F. do. 

Lieut. Cbxori, 23 Dr. iiliff. ntppined kOUd. 

Lieut. Craddock, 27 F. ttv. 

Lieut Crawford, It. Art. w. 

C*pt. Craw^brd, 3 F. 0. fc. 

Ensign Crawford, 79 F. «. 

Lieut Croft, 1 F; G. lev. 

Capt Crofton, Brig. Maj. j;4 F. H. 

Lieut Cromi^ R. Art dd<& i<'^t <h»p. Hhce 

dend, 
CM>t. Crow« j 32 p. I«. 
1 Lt Col.Cttrri^,90 F. Ass. Adj.Gen. fc. 
Major Cutcliffb, 23 Dr. ttv, 
Capt. H. W. Curton, D. A. Adj. Gen. 

69 F. *. 

D. 
Lieut. Dallas, 32 F. set, 
Ll Col. Dalryiople, 15 Dt. 10 Ug kmp. 
Capt Dance, 23 Dr. ». 
Lieut Daniel, 30 F. «. 
Capt. Dansej, H. Art tew* 
Lt Col. Dashwdod. 3 F. G. ^ 
Comet Dassell, 3 Huss. G. Leg. do. 
Adj. Lt Davis, 32 F. do. 
Major Davison, 42 F. since dead 
Lieut Dawkins, 15 Dr. o. 
Lieut Dawson, 52 F. tev. 
Major Hon.G. Dawson^ Ass. Qui. Hftst. 

Gen. 1 Dr. G. lo.' 
Lieut. Day, R. Art. «. 
Ensign DtocOB, 73 V. sev. 
Lieut Dcares, 28 F. to. 
Lieut htcr, Decken, 2 line, K,d.t.tep, 
Capt. De Einem, Brig. Maj. K. G. L. do. 
Ensign De Gentsftow, 1 Lt. Inf. G. L, do. 
Capt. De Gilsa, 1 Lt Inf. K. G. L. v. 
Lt De Ooeben, Art K. G. L. Hnce deai 
Adj. Liettt De Hftrtwig, 4 line, K. G. L. 

tev. 
Capt De Hattorf, 1 Lt. Dr. K. G. L. «. 
Lt. Col. De Jouquiei;ev 2 Lt. Dr. K. Q. L. 

w. 
lieut De la Farque, 4 Ime, K. G. L. ieti. 
CoLDeLancv, Q.M. Gen. K.C.B. tinad. 
Ensign De Mnrreau, $ line, G. L. do. 
Ensign De Kobertso^^ 2 Lt. Inf. K. G. L. 

kilted 
Lt. Col. De Schroeder, 2 line K. G, L. w. 
Lieut. De Schulscn, Art K. G. L. k. 
Capt De Seighard, 1 Lt. Dr. K. G. I. id. 
iCapt De Voight, 8 line, G. L. k. 
fimpfu De Wuimb, 9 line G. 2^ Xc 



Lieut Col. Sir F. D'Ojfly, K. C B. i #. 

G. ib. 
^pt Dumaresquei A. de Camp to GcUf 

Byng, 9 F, tev, 
Lieut Col. Dick, 42 F. do, 
Capt. Di«d^l, S lirie, G. Le^. k, 
Gapt Diggle, 52! ^i/^* 
Lieut. Dlsnej, 23 Vt, w. 
Ensign Ditmas, 27 F. w. 
Ueut Dobbi, 1 t.fev. 
Capt Joseph Doherty, 13 Dr. w. 
Lieut G. Dohcriv, 13 Df . «. 
Major Gen. Sir W. Domberg, X. C. B* 

K. Ger. Leg. sev. 
Lieut CoL Douglas, 79 t. dd, 
Capt Hon.S. Douglas, 6 Dr. do. 
Lieut. Dourias, 7 Dr. do. 
Lieut Dowbiggen, li Dr. to. 
Lieut Col. D^yly, 1 F. G. tev. 
Cornet Drlnkmeister^ 2 Lt. D^. &. G. L. 

Lieut Drew, 27 F. se0. 

Ensign Drury, 33 F. do. 

Comet Deichmann, 3 Huss. K.t3.t,h, 

Caf^t Dudgeon, 1 F. ttv. 

Li^ut Dunbar, 42 F. do. 

Adi. Lt. Dbpetler, 18 Dr. W. 

Col. Dnplat, Ger. Leg. tinde dead 

£. 
EAhigii Eastwood, 73 P. w. 
Capt. Ednll, 4 F. w. 
Chpt C. Edbs, Brig. Maj. ^5 t. k. 
CoLSi^ J. Ell^y, lt.C.B. Dep.Acij.Gan. 

R.H.G.««i. 
Dent Elliott, 30 F. w. 
Col. Sir H. W. Ellis, IL C. 6. 23 f. tinc€ 

dead 
Capt. Ellis, 1 F. G. w. 
Capt Ellis, 40 F. lev. 
Capt Elphinstone, 7 Dr. o^. 
Lieut. Elwes, 71 F. sihde dead 
Capt. English, 28 F. teto. 
Lieut Eritiii-opel, Art K.Q, Lia. 
Capt Hon. £. S. Erskinft, 60 F. Dep. Am. 

Adj. Gen. 10 arm amp, 
Capt Evelyn, 3 F. G. sdit. 
Ensjgn Eyre, 95 F. do. 

Capt. Fane, 44 F. iev* 

Capt Farmer, 23 F. ft. 

Lt Col Fead, 1 F. G. to. 

Capt Felix, 95 t. w. 

Lieut Fensham, 23 1". ft. 

Capt Eraser, 41 F.v. ' 

CaptFerrier,9f F.v. 

Lieut. CoL Ferrier, 1 L. 6. 1^ 

Capt Fisher, 40 F. ft. 

Lieut Col. Fitsg^rald, 2 L. 0. ft^ 

Lieat Fitzgemtd, 32 F. tev. 

Capt Fitsgerald, 25 f. Dep. Ass. Qu«. 

Mast. Gen. 10. 
Capt. Fitsmaurlce, 95 F- set;. 
Capt Hon. U. Foibes, 3 F. O. ft. 
Lieut Forbes, 79 F; lo. 
Comet floyer, 3 Husl. O. L. w. 
2 Lieut Ffadyer, 1 f. Q,$e9. 



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£70 



OFFICERS KItLED AND WOUNDED. 



SiigA Ford, 40 F. d#. 
|>t. Foriong, 33 F. do, 
Ueut. f otter» 1 Dn k, 
Capt. Fortescue,f7 F. 1^. 
laeiit. Foster, R. An. do. 
£nsign Franck, S Lt. Inf. Ger. Lag. ^ 
Cape. 1. 1. Fraser, A. de Camp to the 

£ . of Uzbridge, 7 Dr. to. 
Capt. Fraser, 79 f. do, 
Ensigo A. L. Fraier, 4f F. w. 
Edugn W. Frater, 42 F. io. 
Lieut Fraser, 79 F. seo. 
Adj. Lieut. Fricke. 1 Lt. Dr. K«0. L.'w 
JLicot Fry, 95 F. w. 
Col.Faller,iDr.O. iktUed 
Major FuHertoo, 95 F. tev. 

G. 

• lieot. Gardiner, 95 F. Ko. 

Lieut. J. P. Gairdner, 95 F. do. 

Capt. Garland, 73 F. do. 

Lieut. J. GeaJe, 13 Dr* since dead 

Lieut. Gerard, 4 F. w. 

Major Gerirar 1, S3 Dr. iev» 

Ensign Gerrard, 42 F. k» 

Lieut. Geistlacher, 3 Huss. D. A. Adj. 
Gen. K.G. L mi$aing, tuppoted dead 

Lieut. Gilbert, 28 F. sep. 

Capt Baron Goeben, 1 Lt. Brig. 0. L. I:. 

Capt. Baron (loeben^ 3 Bus. K. G. L. ^, 

Lieut. Goodenoogli, 1 Dr. io. 

Lieut. Col, Sir A. .Gordon, K. C. B. 3 F. 
G. A. de Carap to the Duke of Wel- 
lington, since dead 

Lieut. Gordon, 7 Dr. tev. 

Lieut. Gordon, 42 F. Jlc. 

Capt. Gore, 30 P. w. 

Lieut. Gore. 33 F. Hk 

Major Graham, 1 Dr.G. k. 

Capt Grant, 71 F. tev. 

Capt. Grant 92 F. do. tmee dead, 

Capt Grey, 10 Dr. w. 

Lieut. Grame, 2 Lt {nC K. O. L» tev, 

Lieut'Orier, 44F. do. 

Lieut. Griffiths, 23 F. do. 

Major Griffith, 15 Dr. k. 

$ Lieut. Griffiths, 2 F. G. tev. 

Q. M. Griffiths;! F.w. 

Capt Grose, 1 Ft Gds. L 

Capt. Gubbins, 13 Dr. k. 

Lieut. Gunning, 1 Dr. 19. 

Lieut Gnnninc, ID Dr. k. 

Capt. Gunrood, 10 i)t. tev. 

H. 
Capt.Haigh,33F.lc. 
Lieut. Tho. Hafgh, 33 F. «. 
Maj Gen^irCHaikett,K.C.B.K.G.£.te9. 
Lieut Hall, ll,$uff Corps, lev. 
Lieut. Col. Uamerton, 44 F. w. 
Lt Col. Raniiltdn, 30 F. tev. 
Itieut Hamilton, Dep. Ass, Adj. Gen. 

46F.«u 
Lieut. Col. Hamilton, 2 Dr. k. 
Major Hamilton, A. de C. to Maj. Gen. 
' Sir £. Barnte, 4 W. I. R. w. 
Ueat. Handcock, 27 F. ifv. 



Ensign Handcock, 27 F. tev, 
Lieut. Col. Hankin, 2 Dr. w, 
Lieut Baron Uaanentofai, 1 Lt Dn 

K.G. L.scv, 
Brig. Gen. Hardinge, left kmd amp. 
Capt. Harling, 2'Lt Dr. K. G. L. sev. 
Col. Harris, 73 F. tev. 
Capt Harris, (T. N.) h. p. Major of Brig. 

right arm amp. 
Capt Harrison, 32 F. tev. 
Lieut Hart 33 F.ib 
Lieut Hartmann, Art. K. G. L* tev, 
Capt Harty, 33 F. 10. 
Lieut Harvey, R. Art right arm amp. 
Lieut. Hassard, 6 Dr. sea 
Lieut; Havelock, A. de C to M^. Gam* 

Alten, 43 F. w. 
Major Hawtyn, 23 F. ib. 
Lieut James, Lord Hay, A. de C» C6 Mi^ 

Gen. Maitla^d, 1 F. G. Ie. 
Lieut Col. Hay, 16 Dr. w. «#«. 
CMrnet Hay, 16 Dr. ilc 
Adj. Ensign Hay, 73 F. tev. . 
Capt Heise, 4 Line K. G. L. tinee d^ 
Lieut Heise, 1 Lt Inf. K. G. L. seo. 
Cornet Heise, 1 Lt Inf. G. L. ten. 
Cornet Heise, Art. G- L. sea. 
Lieut Helmrick. 7 Line K. G. L» tev, 
Capt. Henderson, 71 F. seo. 
Lieut Henderson, 27 F. tev» 
Lieut. Hem, 4'( F. teo. 
Ensign. Heselrige, 73 F. 10. 
Capt. Hesketh, 3 F. G. «. 
Lieut. Hesse, 18 Dr. tev. 
Ensign Hewett, 92 F. srv. 
Capt. Heyliger, 7 Dr. tee. 
Maj Heyland. 40 F. ib. 
Lieut. Col. Clem. Hill, R. fl. G. ts. Mk 
Lieut Col. Hill, 23 F. sem 
U. Col, Sir R. C. Hill, Knt R. H. G.scf. 
Lieut Hillyard, 28 F. 10. tev. 
Lieut Hobbs, 92 F. sev. 
Capt. Hobhouse, 69 F. k. 
Ensign Hodder. 69 F. tea. 
Major Hodge, 7 Dr. tev. and mtss. 
Cor. Bar Hodenbere, 3 Huss. k. G. L. sea. 
Capt C. Baron HoHe, 1 Line Ger.Leg. k. 
Lieut Hollis. 73 F. iL 
Capt. Holmes, 27 F. k. 
Capt. Holmes^ 92 F. sev. 
Capt Holxerraaun, 1 Lt Bat O.L.k, 
Capt HoUermann, 2 Lt Inf; K. G. i^ 

mtfitng, tuppoted k. 
Lieut Hope, 92 F. tev^ \ 

Capt. Horan, 32 F. iv. 
Lieut Horan, 32 F. sev. 
Major Hare, 27 F. v. . 
Major Hon. F. Howard, 10 Dr. k. 
Ensign Howard, 33 F. 10. 
Lieut Hughes, 30 F. w. 
Lieut Humbley, 95 F. tev. 



Lieut Ingram, 1 F. tev. 

Lieut Ingram, 28 F. stnce d« 

Ensign Ireland, 27 F. k. 

Ueut Ir? ine, 1 Dr. G. %-^^^T^ 

Digitized by Vj\JOy IC 



BATTLE OF WATEBtOO. 



t7l 



Ifrjor IrTing, t8 F. mv. 
lieui. Ir? wg» 1 3 Dr. 10. 
Lieot IrwiD, 9Q F. tet. 

J. 
Lieot. Jagoe, 52 F. mv. 
Ensign James, 30 F. ilr. 
Capt. Jaoteo, 3 Hnss. G. L. lu 
lieat. Jeinsen, 9 line, K. O. L. it*. 
Major JeMop. A. Q. M. G. 44 F. sev. 
Lieat. Jobio, i Lt. Inf. K. G. L* w. 
Capt. Johnson, S3 F. to. 
C^pt. Johnston, 95 Ft iev, 
Licnt. Johnston, 95. F. k. 
Major Johnstone, 71 F. w. 
Capt. JulJiffe, S3 F. ft. 
lieot Col. Jones, 71 F, tcv. 

K. 

lieut. Keily, 1 Dr. tep. 

Capt. KeUj, S8 F. «. 

Capt. Kelly, 1 L. G. lev. 

Major Gen. Sir J. Kempt, K. C B. sco. 

Capt. Kennedy, 79 F. Jlc 

Lieut. Kennedy, 79 F. fc. 

Ensign Kennedy, 1 F. k. 

Capt Kessenbrock, 3 Hnss. G. L. k. 

Lient Kessler, f U. Inf. K. G. L. scv. 

Comet Kinchant, t Dr. k. 

Lient Klingtohr, 5 Line, K. G. L. scv. 

Capt Knight, 39 F. w. 

Ensign Kronhelm, 4 Line, K. G. L. it 

Lient. Knetter, 1 Lt Inf. K. G. L. v. 

Lient Kucknck, K. G. L. lev. 

Lient U. Kuckuck, K. G. L. srv. 

Lient Koblmann^ 1 Lt Dr. K. G. L ft. 

Adj. lieut Kynock, 79 F. ft. 

L, 
UevL Lake, 9 F. G.-sev. 
Col. Sir W. De Lancey, K. C. B. f3 F. 

MincM demd, 
Lieot. Lane, 1 F. arm mmp. 
Capt Langton, A deC. to SirT. Pictoa* 

61 F. w. 
Lieot. Bar. LangwoTtby,4 line»K.G.L.«. 
Lieot Lascelles, 1 F. G. «. 
Lieot Law, 71 F. s<w. 
Lient. Lawrence, St F. «. 
Mi^ Leake, 4 Line, K. G. L. slfice <L 
Lieot Leaper, 79 F. fev. 
t Lieot Leebody, S3 F. ft. 
Lieot Leivin, 3S F. w, 
Lieot Leonhardt, 1 Lt Inf. K. G. L. sev. 
Xieot. Lescben, 3 Line« K. G. L seo. 
Major L'Estrange, A. de C. to Sir D. 

Pack, 71 F. Jtitce dead, 
Ueot Lewio, 71 F. w, 
Capt. lind, 1 Life Goardi, ft. 
Lieot Lind, 71 F. tev, , 

Lieot. Undhaa, S Lt Inf. K. G. L. liv. 
Major Lindsay, 69 F,.$ev. 
Lieut lister, 95 F. ft. 
Capt^Ultle, 9« F. ft. 
Major Llewellyn, S8 F. sev. 
Lieut. Uoyd, 73 F. sev. 
Major W. Lloyd, R. A. sev. 
Cornet Lockbart, IS Dr. ft. 
Lieot Lo«kw«od, 90 F. IC9. 



Lieot. Logan, 9S F. t«9. 
Ensign Logan, 9S F. w. 
Comet !.<orens, S L. D. G. L. mo. 
Major LbTe, 5S F.seo. 
LieutBar.LoTetsow,4Lt Dr.K.G.L.fti, 
S Lieut Lowe, 73 F. ft. 
Capt Lottrell, 1 P. G. tev. 
Capt Lynam, 95 F.leo. 

M. 
Lieot Col. Sir IL Maeara, K. a B. 4i 

F. ft. 
Major R. MacdonaM, W. R. A. «. 
Lieut. Col. Macdouald, 9S F. set, 
Lt. CoL Blacdonell, C. F. G. mo. 
Capt Mackay, 79 F. seo. miit. tup. ft. 
Lieut. Mackenaie, 1 Lt Dr. K. G. L. Miw 
Lieot. Mockie, 9S F. sev. tmce diad, ' 
Major Maclean, 73 F. seo. iioee dead. 
Capt Madeod, Dep. Aat. Q. M. G. 

35 F. v. 
Ensign Macpberson, 9S F. ft. 
Lieot. Maddorks, 79 F. jeo. 
Lieot MagDiac, 1 Dr. auit. 9up, d. 
Lieut Bar.Mabrenbohls, 8 Line, K. G. L. 

ft. 
Lient Malcolm, 4S F. je«> 
Lieut Manley, S7 F. stv. 
Lieut. Mann, 1 F. sm. 
Lient Manners, Roy. A. since dmd, 
Lieut. Mansfield, A. d« C. to Maj. Otm, 

Grant, 15 Dr. w. 
Capt. H . Marscbalk, 1 Lt. Bat K G.L. ft; 
Lieut Col. Baron Marsdt 11, t Lt D». 

K. G. L. V. 
Capt Marsliall, 79 F. se*. 
Major Massey, 1 F. ten. 
Ensign Mathews, 4 F. to. 
Lieut M'Arthur, 79 F. «. 
Eiisign M'Bean, 73 F. tev. 
Adj Ensign M*Cann, 44 P. sea. 
Adj. Lieut. M'Clusky, 6 Dr. ft. 
Lieat. M^^onnell, 73 F. ft. 
Eusign M'CoDchy, 3S F. teo. 
Capt M'Cnllocft, 95 E. i^i mrm ^m/k 
Capt M'Donakt 4S P. sev. 
Lieot M<Donald, 9S F. seo. 
Major M'Donald, 1 Ft. sev. 
Ensign M'Donald* 9S P. «eo. . 
Lieut. M*DoneII, S7 F. leo. 
Lieut M'lones, 9S P. w, 
Lieot M*Intosli, 9S F. tev, 
Capt M'loiosb. 4S P. dv, 
Q. M. M'lntosh, 4S F. w. ' 
Capt M'lntyre, 33 F. 10. 
Ensign M<Kay, 1 F w. 
Lieot M'Kenaie, 4S F. 19. 
Lieot M'Kinlay, 9S P. sev. 
Lieot Col. M'Kinnon, Ft G. if. 
Capt M'Nabb, 30 F. ft. 
Lieut M'Pbee, 79k F. to. 
Capt. M'Pherson, 4S P. 10. . 
Lieot M'Pherson, 9S F. teo. 
Lieot M'Phorson, 79 F. ft. 
Ca|)t M'Ray, 79 F. seo. mitt, tUfpo^ed ft. 
Major Meacham, S8 F. ft. 
Lieot Meaghani 3S P. v* . 



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£78 



6f?ICB*S KltLKD AVB WOVITDED. 



Capt. Menzies , 4S F. ses. 

Ensign Metcalfe, 52 F. v. 

liieut. Col. Me^r» 3 Hnsc K. G. L. fet 

Lieut. Meyer» 2 Lt. Dr. K. O. L. «. 

JLient. Mill, 13 Dr. w. 

Lieut. Mill. 40 F. tf. 

Lieut. Millar, S7 F. <ep. 

Lieut. Col. Miller, 1 Ft. Gdi. Jtact d. 

Lieut. Col. Miller, 6 Dr. fa». 

Lieut Miller, 1 F. mo. 

Major Miller, 95 F. iev, 

Lieut. Miiligan, 11 Dk. «eo. 

Lieut. Mills, t Dr. «. 

Lieut. Col. Milnes, i Ft. Ods. ilncc i. 

Lieut. Ool. Mitchcil, 9f F. sev. 

Lieut. Molloy, 95 F. tew- 

Lieut. MonejpcaDy, 30 F. w, 

% Lieut Montague. 2 Ft. Gds. w. 

Capt Maiitgeaieri«» 5Ft Gda» w. 

Capt. Hon. R. Moore, Coldst F. G. u«. 

Lieut Moore, 40 F. tfv. 

Lieut Moore, 11 Dr. sev. 

Capt. Mor«j, Ex aide-de-camp toM. Gen. 

Grant. l3Dr.aM. 
Colonel Morice, 69 F.IIe. 
Lieut. MorrisOB, 1 F. sea* 
Ensign Mountftcnen, S8 F. seo. 
Lieut Mnller, 1 line K. G. L. sev. 
Lieut Munro, 42 F. sev* 
Lieut Muriaandi 33 F. lev. 
Col. Muter, 6 Dr. w. 
Adj. Lieut Myers, 7 Dr. sea. 
Capt Mjlne, 79 F. sea. 

N. 
Capt. Nanne, t Lt Dr. Ger. Leg. K9. 
Capt. CoL Napier, R. Art tea. 
Ensign Nash, 79F.ir. 
Capt. Naylorr 1 Dr. G. w. 
Ensign Nettles, 53 F. k, 
Lient. Col. Norcott, 95 F. sfo. 

O. 
Lieut Oelkcrs, 3 Huss. K. G. L. 9t9. 
Lieut Ogle, 33 F. lev. 
Lieut Col. O'Malley, 44 F. w. 
Lieut Onimaney, 1 Dr. «eo. 
Bar. Ompteda, 5 line Ger. Leg. k, 
Lient. O'NeiU, 1 F. k. 
Gen. H. R. H. tiia Pr. of Orange, G.C B. 

10. sev. 
Ensign Ormsby, 14 F. v. 
Lieut. Orr, 42 F. sev. 
Lieut. Osten, 16 Dr. «. 

P. 
Maj. Gen. Sir Donis Pack, K. C. B. «. 
Lieut Pack, 13 Dr. tp. 
Maj. Packe, Ray. H. G. fc. 
Lieut. Pagan, 38 F. jeo. 
EnsignPage, 73F. fc. 
Lieut Pardoe, 1 F. G. fc. 
Maj. J. Parker, Roy. Art. kg amp, 
Maj. Parkinson, S3 F. sev. 
Lieut Peters, 7 Dr. tev. 
Capt. Peters, 1 Lt. Dr. G. L. fc. 
Lieut Phelips, llDr. fc. 
Lieut Gen. Sir T. Picton, GX. B. fc. 
Lieut Ptgott, 69 F. les. 



Maj. Gen. Sir W. FoiiiOfiby« K.G.B. k. 

Hon. Col. F. Ponoanby, 12Dr. w. ten. 

Ijeut Poo|e, Rov. Art Ma. 

Major Poole, 2 Dr. sev. 

Capt Power, 44 F. sea. 

Lieut. Fowling, 79 F. sev. 

Lieut Pratt So9. aev. 

Lieut. Prendergast, 30 F. fc. 

Lieot Prtngle, Roy. Engin. w. 

Capt. Purgold, t hne K. G. L. stv. 

Lieut. Pym, 13 Dr. since dead* 

Q. 
Col. Quentin, 10 Dr. w. sen. 
Lieut Quell, 3t F. tea, 

R. 
Maj. Radclyffe, 1 Dr. sfo. 
Maj. Ramsay, Roy. Art fc. 
Lieut Rea, 1 F. tau 
Lieut Reid, 33 F. sev. 
lient. Riefkugel, 2 Lt Inf. G. L« sea. 
Bi' - ■ -- • ■ -^ ' 
M r- Ger» 

C< 

Li 

Li 

Li 

Li 

Li 

Li tea. 

Li 

Li ie^ 

Li 

Ci 

Ej 

El 

M se«.v« 

Ci 

Li 

Lieut. Roe, 30 F. tp. 

Lieut Jof. Roo)&e, A^de-de-<^mp to tke 

Prince of Orange, half pay, 90. 
lieut T. K. Row, 92 F. 10. 
Lieut' Col. Ross, ^5 F. lea. 
Lieut E. Ross, 92 F. sev. 
Lieut K. Ross, 92 F. to. 
Capt Bongen^ont, 8 line K. G. L. «• 
Lieut. Col. Rowan, 52 J^. w. 
Lieut. Ruffb, 6 Dr. vMt.tiiffat€d dif^d 
Lieut Rumby, 30 F. lev. 
Lieut Rnswll, 44 F. sei|. 

S. 
Lieu^ Sadler, B line, K. G. L. fi. 
Capt. Sandys, 12 Dr. sea 
Capt. Sander, 5 line K. (>. L. |C0. 
Capt Scbampaiw, 9 Lt Br. G. I^. fc. 
/^apt Schlatter, 1 line, K. G. L. sea. 
Adit Lie^t, Sclwm?, 1 line l^g'sGer* ' 

Leg. sev. 
CaptSchnehen, 3 Haas. K.G. In fv. 
Capt Schreiber, 11 Dr. 10. 
Adj. Lieut Sc|iQck, 5 line K. Q. L. fc. 
Lieut. Soott, 1 F. w. 
Capt. Seymour* Aide-de-camp to the ¥>^ 

ofUxbridge, 60F.W. 
Lieut Shaw, Roy. Hocte Q^mdh w. 



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^ATTLB or WATEHtpO. 



473 



lievt. 8belton» tS F. w, 

Li^t. Gk H. Shtnlej, 9S F. lev. 

Ufiut. A4i. S|i0lt(Br, 1 0^ Gds. k 

C»pt, W, Stfcniey, 95 F. $ev. 

Lieut. Shenrood» 15 Dr. k, 

Adj. Cornet Shipley* 1 Dr. k. 

Cornet Lemmel ^nldham^ 2 Dr. 

Deut Sidley» f5 E. v. 

Lieat Simmons, 95 F. mo. 

Capt. Simpson* 1 F. G. fev. 

9 Lieut Simpson* 3 F. G. Unet dead, 

Capt. Sinclair, 79 F. tinee dead, 

Lieut. W. Smith, B^y. Art. w. 

Ensign Smith, 27 F. seo. 

Maj. C. Smyth, Brig. Maj. 95 F. stac« d. 

Dent Lord Fityroy Soinersct, MiL ^ec 

1 F 0. right' arm amp. 
lieot. Spearman, ^ay. Art finee dtttd* 
Lieut Squire, 4 F. w. 
Lieut Col. £. Stables, Ist F. G. k. 
Lieut Stepb^tu* 32 F. tep. 
Ensign Steveiis, 1 F. lo. 
Lieut Q. Stewart, 1 F* w, 
Lieut Stewart, 48 F. leo. 
Lieut. Stewart, 69 F. $ev. 
Ensign Stewart, 3iF. set, 
AssisUot Surgeon Stewart, 92 F. t#» 
Lieut Str»ad, 44 F. seo. 
Lieut. Stillwelli 95 F. tinee dead 
Capt Stotbart, 3 F. O. stnce dead, 
Lieut Strachan. 73 F. k, 
Lieut Strang wiys, Roy. Ait. w. 
Lieut Straitoif, Boyal Sappers and 

Bliners, w. 
Cfpt Streatfield, 1 F. G. sev. 
C^. H()n. W. Stuart, 1 F. Gf. w, $ev, 
Lieot. Stupart, 2 Dr. sen. 
Capt, Sfimmer, Coldst F. G. $ev, 
Capt Sweeny, 1 Dr. G. teo. «»» 
Comet Syles, 1 Dr. k, 
Lieut 3yipc^ i F. io. 
Maj. Sympher, Art K. 0. L. w. 
O^t A. S|ppher, Art. K. G, L. w. 

Cap(.Thac^well, ^5Dt,lrftarm amp* 
At^.EnsiSnThiiin. 33 F. w. 
Ii^t€<4.Tbqma«. 1 F.G. 2u 
Capt. Thomson, tloT* Eng. *. ' 
Miy. Thornhill, Aide-de-camp to tbe E. 

of Uxbridge, 7. Dr. tew, 
Capt Tilee* 2 line Ger. Leg. k, 
Ebiign T6dd, HT. k, 
Lkut Toinkins, 44 F. ^ , ^ 
Bfaj. TooTe, 32 F. w. 
I^^t. CpL Ho|i. H. G. Townsend, 1 F. 

w,tev, 
Liaot »is Traford, 1 Dr. «• 
Lieut Tnnman|i,2 Lt Inf. K. G. L. set. 
Israel Tritton, 1 E. D. Ger. Leg. tev, 
Ueut, Trotter, 2 Dr. fc. 
Lieut True, 3 Host. K. G* L. uv* 



Capt Tucker, 27 F. see. 

Capt. Turner, 1 Dr. G. tev. 

Cape. Tyler, Aide-de-camp to Sir T. 

Ficton, 93 F. w, 
Lient. Tyodale, 51 F. io. 

U. 
Earl of Uxbridge, G.C. B. right l^gamp, 

Lieut Vane, 2 F. G. sev. 

Maj. Vernon, 2 Dr. tev, 

Capt Vemor, 7 Dr. see. 

Lieut. Vigovreuz, 30 F. ret. 

Ensign Von Luckfp, 1 line, K.G,L. ki 

W. 
Lieut Wall, 23 Dr. ten. 
Capt. Wallet, 32 F. w. ,. 
Ensign Walsh, 95 F. 'tev. 
Lieut. Warren, 30 F. seo. 
Lieut Waters, Ass. Adj. Gen. w. 
Maj. Watson, G9 F. tev, 
Lieut. Wevmoudi, 2 L. G. mating 
Lieut Webb, 95F.sev. 
Capt. Webber, Bpy. Art. $ev» 
Ensign Webster, 44F.fe«. . 
Capt Weigman, 2 L. B. G. Leg. k, 
Lieut Col. West, 3 F. G. 10. 
Cornet Westby, 2 Dr. k, 
Capt. Baton Westemhagen, 8 line, Ger^ 

Leg* ^ 
Lieut WesttDore, 33 F. sevu 
Capt Weyland. 16 Dr. n^ 
Capt Whala, 1 Life Gds. «. 
C^pt. Wharton, 73 F. ifo. 
Capt. Whiniates, Roy. Art tev, 
Capt Wbiteford, 15 Dr. tev. 
Ensign Whetney, 44 F. do, 
Capt Whltty, 32F. w. 
Lieut Wighiwick^ 69 F. He. 
Capt Wildfnan, Aide<4e-canip to the 

Earl of Uxbridge, 7 Dr. w, 
Lieut Wildtaan, 1 line K. G. L. lee^ 
CaptWilkie, 92F. seu. 
Col. Wilkiui, 95F.<2a. 
Lieut Wilkinson, 28 F. do. 
Lieut Col. Wil«on, 4 F. w. 
Ensign Wilspn; 44 F. tev, 
Lieut Winchester, 92 F. do. 
Capt. Windsor, 1 Dr. k. 
Adj. Lieut WinterboAn, 52 F. tpt. 
Lieut Wolrabe. 1 LtInf.K. G,L,Ho, 
Capt Wood, 10 Qr. do, 
Lieut Wood, 11 Dr. do. 
Lieut Worsley. 95 F. d^ 
Capt Wright, Roy. Staff Corps, w. 
Ensign Wright, 95 F. do. 
Lieut Wyndowe, 1 Dr. 10. 
Lieut Weynham, 2 Dr. seo. 
Lieut Col. Wyndham, Coldst F. O.do 

Y 
Lieut. Youiwe, 1 F. k. 
Adj. Lieut. Young. 4t ?. m 



N.B. Shou)d thb list be found inaccurate, any authenticated correction will ba 
reeeired and ijtttiided to with pleasure. 



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LIST OF REGIMENTS 

UMOBB THt, COMMAND OF 

IN FLANDERS 

WITH TBB 

EFFECTIVE FORCJS OF EACH REGIMENT ENGAGED, 

JUNE 18, 1815; 

AND THB 

TOT.4L LOSS 

'Of THE 

From Official Reports, from June Idtli, to d6th^ 1815. 

TO WBICB It ADDBDy 

The computed Losses of the Dutch and Prussians, 

DURING THB CAMPAIGN IN THE NBTHBRLANBS. 



Oenera! Staff 
lit Life Guardf 
id Life Giuirdi 
Bojal Horse Guards, Blue 
1st Dragoon Guards 
1st, or Royal Dragoons 
fd, or Royal N.B. Drag. 
6th Dragoons 
7th Hassan 
10th Hassars 
11th light Drajfcms 
12th Light Dragoons 
19th Light Dragoons 
;15th Hossars 
16tb Dght Dragoons 
18th Hossars 
f3d Light Dragoons 
1st Light Drag K.G.L. 
id Ditto 
Ifi Hossars, K.G.L. 



OFFICERS. 1 


RANK AND ntE. |i 


KUl. 


Won. 


Miss. 


Kill. 


Wou. 


Miss. 


Total. 


It 


46 


5 








61 


« 


4 




f4 


49 


4 


83 


1 




1 


16 


40 


97 


155 


1 




1 


19 


61 


SO 


106 


7 






1«0 


115 




S46 


4 




1 


86 


88 


9 


197 


( 






96 


89 




199 


1 




y 


7i 


111 


S7 


S17 






3 


6f 


109 


15 


196 


t 






SO 


40 


S6 


94 


f 






10 


34 


S5 


76 


2 






45 


61 




111 


1 






11 


69 


19 


109 


r 






SI 


48 


5 


79 


t 






8 


18 




3S 








13 


7S 


17 


104 






I 


14 


S6 


33 


79 


3 


Jl 




30^ 


99 


10 


J53 


t 






19 


54 


3 


8S 








1 


5 


3 


10 



thr« 
Force. 

2S7 
33S 
S39 
5S9 
395 
391 
397 
386 
390 
398 
40S 
390 
389 
387 
396 
397 
498 
518 
618 



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B A TTLl' OF : W ATBKLOO* 



OFFICERS. 



KiU. 



Hd Hussars, K.G.L. 






SdDitto dkto 


4 


8 


Bojral ArtiOefy 


5 


27 


Ditti^ K.O.L. 


S 


5 


Roytl Engineen 




2 


Royal Staff Corps 




2 


Boyal Sappers and Minen 




1 


Waggon Train 






1st Foot Guards* Itt Batt 




9 


Ditto, 3d Battalion 




IS 


Sd Cold. Re^ment 




7 


3d Foot Guards, Sd Batt 


3 


9 


1st Foot, Sd Batt. 




S6 


4th Foot, 1st BattalioD 




9 


•Dittos Sd Battalion 






nth Fbot, 1st Battalion 






•Pth Foot ^ 






14th Foot» Sd Battalion 




3 


23d Foot 


3 


6 


•S5th Fooli, Sd BattaOon 






S7th Foot, 1st BattaKon 


S 


13 


tSth Foot 


1 


19 


89th Foot 






30th Foot, ditto, 2d Batt, 


6 


14 


StdFoot 


1 


30 


33d Ditto 


5 


17 


•35th Ditto, Sd Battalion 






•37th Ditto, Sd BattaDiofi 






40th Ditto, 1st Battalion 


S 


10 


4fdFoot 


.3 


17 


44ih Ditto, 2d Battalion 


S 


18 


61si Ditto 




S 
O 



Wou. 



Miss. 



RANK AND FILE. 



Km. 

40 
6S 



73 

101 

54 

39 
33 
12 



Won. 

78 
228 



7 
13 

103 
29 

61 

49 



353 
487 
242 
195 
295 
113 



Miss. 



10 



Totd. 

130 
332 

2 
2 
3 

438 

604 
308 
246 
362 
134 



«75 

Fffeo. 
tive 
Foroa. 

487 

640 

4500 

625 



235 

539 

162 

1017 

1097 

1010 

1064 

627 

638 



30 
47 
14 
11 



26 
80 

S60 
203 

181 
290 
162 



159 
266 
151 

29 



27 



58 



18 



17 



36 


572 


104 


641 


478 


698 


252 


567 


279 


. 619 


370 


689 


291 


584 


1 


• 477 


219 


6X5 


S33 


571^ 


202 


455 


42 


*648 



Digitized by 



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Vfk 


arOTAL LOBS. 










•' ' • • J 


OmCEBB. w 


BANK AND FILE. || 


EffM. 




KUl. 


Won. 


Bps., 


IcaL 


Won. 


Miss. 


Total. 


corca. 


6S Foot, lit BattalidD 


1 


8 




16 


174 




199 


1038 


•54tli Ditto 








2 


t 




4 • 


491 


r 
•59thIHtto,fdBAtt 










t 




t i 


405 


09thDf|Ko^tdBiittidk)ii 


4 


7 




51 


163 


15 


240 


551 


71st Foot, lit BattaUoa 


1 


14 




t4 


160 


3 


202 


810 

- 


rSd Ditto, Sd^attalio^ 


6 


16 




54 


219 


41 


336 


568 


•78th Ditto, Sd Battalion 


















79thD^tto,l8t)Battaliim 


a 


ff 


1 


57 


390 


1 


479 


675 


^Ift Foot* Sd BattalipD 
















401 


•9Utl)DotlitBattaU9a 




t 


• 


1 


6 




9 


780 


9Sd Ditto 


4 


t7 




49 


322 




402 


621 


95th, l|t BattaKoo 


f 


15 




28 


175 




220 


571 


95th, ^ Ditto 




14 




34 


178 


20 


246 


585 


95th« 9d Ditto 




4 




3 


36 


7 


50 


190 


i3th Vptttfan Battofion 












I 






litLt.Iiite.K.G.i:M 


i 4 


9 




sr 


82 


13 


145 


487 


tdDitto ditto 


3 


9 


1 


40 


120 


29 


202 


434 


lstLiiMsBatt.];:.O.L. 


1 


6 




tt 


69 


17 


115 


450 


tdDitto ditto 


1 


f 




18 


79 


7 


107 


500 


dd Ditto ditto 


1 


5 




17 


93 


31 


147 


555 


4th Ditto ditto 


1 


7 




13 


77 


15 


113 


474 


5th Ditto ditto 


f 


3 




36 


47 


74 


162 


454 


ath Ditto ditto 


3 

• • •• 

27 

38 
29 
16 
23 

• • •• 


4 
M5 

too 

151 
107 
i48 

» • • • 


» • • • 
• ••• 

27 

7 

I 

« • • • 


44 

•?•• 

2058 

2418 
1280 

1132 


80 

1936 

53« 

3915 
2636 
S871 

• • • • 


16 

• • • • 

• • • • 

M4 
2234 

1129 
1174 


147 


526 


Total, KILLED and > 
WOUNDED, and > 
EFFECTIVE FORCE) 


11084 


3^15 


THE DUTCH LOSS... 


4136 




THE PIXUSSIAN dd 9iM 
1st Corps, J^ne 15 to July J 
2d Corps, Jooe 15 to 23 
Sd Corps, June 15 to July j 
4th Corps, Jane 15 U^S 






Total PmssianLoM 


.... 


33132 





* Corps not piesent vn Line at the Batllc of Wattrloo, being cither in Gar- 
lison or Obtervaiion. 

Vide Vol. U. foi Official Retoins, dated Adjutant Gen.*s Office, Ma% 25, 1816. 



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fT7 
WATERLOO HONOURS, PRIVILEOBS, kc 

B»EVBT.— Ji«e 22.— Major tlje Hou, H. Pc^y, of t)|e 14tii Light 
Dragooosy LieuL Colt )n the iVrmy. 

Tkmdc9ofhikJlou$$iofParB&meni,gmn to Bis Grace tke Duke of 
JVeOmgim, frmee Mhcher^ and the JUed Arma^ Qfficen and Sol* 
dkri. — JmeZZd. 

Resohed, Nemme Contradieente, That the thapks of thi3 House b% 
^ven to Field-Marshal the Duke of WeUipgtop, Knight of the Mos^ 
Noble Order of the Garter, for the consummate ability, unexampled 
exertion, and irresistible ardour, displayed ]>j him on thp 13th of 
June, on which day the decisive victory over the enemy, CQmmande4 
by Bonaparte in person, was obtained by his Grace, with the Allied 
Troops under liis command, and in coi^nction ifkh th^ Tfpiiq;^ un^er 
the command of JVIarshal Prinze Blucher, ^h^rel>y ^e milit^ gjoiy 
of the British natipn has been exalted, and the territoiy of hi^M^esfy'i 
Ally, the King of the Netherlan^f > hiis been protected bpxQ, ii^yi^a^ 
and spoil. 

Reec^vedf Kern. Con. That the thanks of thi9 H^u^ be giv^ tQ 
General His Royal Highness the Prince of Orange, Kni^t Grand 
Cross of the Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath ; Lieut. 
General! the Earl of Uxbridge, K. G. C. B. ; Lord Hill, K. G. C. B. ; 
Sir Henry Clinton, K. G. C. B. ; Charles Baron Alten, Knight, Com* 
Bumdef^ of Ihe Most Honourable Order of the Bath : Major Generals 
Sir Henry Hmuber, K. C. B. ; Sir John Ormsby Vandeleur, K. C. B. 
G^rge Qooke, Sir James ^e^t^ K*C. B.; Sir WilUan^ J^ori^beg, 
If^C.?.^ Sir Edward Barnes, K.C.B.; Sir Johij ^ypg, K.C-».; 
Sir Dew P^k, I^.C. B.; ]Lor4 Edyvard S9Q»erset» K.Q, B.; Sir John 
{4mbert, ^. C. B. ; Sir Colquhoun Qrfu^t, f^. C. ^. ; ffiTftgme Mait- 
L^, Sir Polin Halkett, K. C. B.; F?fi4w?k Adai», Sir R. H. Vivian, 
ILC.9.; and to t^e sever^ Officers pndef fj^eir jConu)94ad, for tb^k 
inde&tigabte ^seal ^d exertions upon jt^e 19ith of J jme. 

^jesokedi Nem. Qm. Th^ this Hoyse idpth .^)cQow]ied^ mi UgUf 
approve, the distinguished yfilour aa^ discipline di^layed by tha 
Noncommissioned. OfScers fnd Private Solders of his Mcyeat/i 
Forces, serving undjer tl^e coo^fmd of Field-|f mfe4 the Duk^ of 

o 2 



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878 WATERLOO aovouKSi kc. 

Wellington, in the glorious victory obtained upon tli« 18tli of June: 
and that the same besi^iified to them by the oonmandiog Ofikers o£ 
the several corps, who are desired to thank them for th«r gallant and 
exemplary behaviour. 

Resokedy Nem. Ccw. That the thanks of this Hotise be given to die 
General Officers, Officers, and Men, olf the Allied Forces, serving 
under the immediate command of Field-Marshal the Duke of Wel- 
lington, for the distinguished valour and intrepidity displayed by them 
on the 18th of June, and that his Grace the Duke of Wellington be 
desired to signify the same to them accordingly. 

Retdoed, ITem. Con. That the thanks of this House &e g^ven to 
Marshal Prince Blucher, and the Prussian Army, for the cordial and 
timely assistance afforded by them on the 18th of June, to which the 
successful result of that arduous day is so mainly to be attributed; 
and that his Grace the Duke of Welling^ be desired to convey to 
them the Resolution. 

' WhUekatt, June 23.— The Prince Regent has been pleased to granit 
the dignity of a Marquis of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and 
Ireland, unto Lieutenant General, Henry William, Earl of Uxbridgei, 
Kiligfat Grand Cross of the Most Honourable and Military Older of 
the Bath, and the heirs male of his body, lawfully begotten, by the 
naihe, style, and title of Marquis of Anglesey. 



Jddressfor a National MomtmaU and MonumaUi to Qficers^ wkofcM 
in the BattU of Waterloo.^^me 29tk, 1815. 

Resohedy Nemine ContradkentCy That an humble Address be pre- 
sented to his Royal Highcess the Prtbce Regent, that he will be gra- 
ciously pleased to give directions, that a national monument be erected 
in honour of the splendid victory of Waterloo, and to conunemoratd 
the fame of the Officers and Men of the British Army, who fell ^o« 
riously upon the iSth and 18th of the present month; and more 
particulariy of l^vX. General Sir Thomas Picton, and Major General 
the Honourable Sir William Ponsonby ; and that Funeral Monuments 
be also erected in memoiy of each of those two Officers in the 
Cathednd Church of Saint Paul, London; and to assure his Royal 
Highness, that this House will make good the expense attending 
the same. 



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WJkTlKLOQ mOlKOVMMf IcC 



^9 



l%e Prince Ri^ent bos been pUasedj f» Me name, and an the 
behalf of His Majmhff to grant promoHon io thefcfUoming 
Majors and Captains, recomwunaed for Brevet Jkank/for 
Ihe^r conduct in the Battle of Waterloo : 

Commlni^ns to be ditted 18di of June, 1815. 
To be LiEUTENAMT CoLOKBLS in the AuMTy viz* 



Mai. Frederick lUb, 4 L. K. O. I. 

Maj. Edward Parkiason, 53 f. 

M^. Frtd. da Lattennan. 3 L. K. O. L. 

Mmj. Ham Baron Bossche, 1 L. B. ditto. 

Mat. PVederick de Robertson, 1 L. ditto. 

Ma|. Pbiiip Baron Ornben, 1 Has. ditto* 

^C^. George Kraucbenberg, 3 Hoa. ditt9. 

Mm. Thomas Hunter BTaii^ 91 1 

Maj. DawBon Kelly, 73 f. 

Maj. Robert Bnll, R. A. 

Mai. Sdwaid Cbeoey, « IX 

BM. Ricbard LleweU jn, 28 C 

Maj. Angastos Frederieks, tUlX Kt J* 

Maj. Donald M'Donald, 92 1 

Mai. J, P. Bridger, 12 L. D. 

Mai. George Home MiirraT, 1« L. D. 

MiU. WilUam Tkomlull, 7%, D. 

Ma^. J. LewU Watson, 69 f. 

Mai. Aug. Baron Reitsenstein, 1 L D. 

K.O.L 
M». John Hare, 27 f. 
Mflj. George Baring, 2 L. I. K. G. L. 
Maj. Jonathan Leach, 95 f. 
Maj. Peter Brown, 23 f. 
Mi$. Thomas F. Wade, 42 f. 
Maj. Francis Palmer, 23 C 
Maj. Ricbard Egerton, 34 L 



Maj. 
M.^. 
Maj. 
Maj. 
Maj. 

Maj. 
Maj. 
Mai. 
Bfaj. 

4 

Maj. 
Mai. 
Mi^. 
Maj. 
Maj. 
Maj. 
Mai. 
Maj. 
Maj. 
Maj. 
Mai. 
Maj. 
Mai. 
Maj. 
Brer. 



William Chalmers, 52 f. 

John M<CurliffB, 23 L. D. 

John Parker, R. A. 

C.H.ChurchUMO. , . 

Georce D. Wilson, 4f 

John Kdghtlejr, 14 1 ' 

George Miller, 95 f. 

Charles Beckwith, 95 C 

John Campbell, 42 f. 

WiWam Campbell, 23 f. 

Charles de Petnsdorff, • L. B. 

G,L, 

James Bpnrohief, 11 L. D 

James Grant, 18 h. B. 

Brook Lawrence, 1^ li. D. 

John ThovMS Ktejts, 51 f. 

Augi|stas Svmpber, Art. JLO.Jj^ 

Charles C, Ratdyffe, 1 D. 

Fielding Brown, 40 f. 

Thomas W. Taylor, 10 L. D 

L. Arqoimbeao if, 

Michael ChUders, 11 L. D, 

Henry George Smith, 95 f. 

Feli«Calvei?,32f 

William Starely, Roy. Stf, Corps« 

Alexander Campbell Wylly, 7 f. 

Maj. Delac;r £▼«)«> 5 W. fod|a EU 



Commissions dated June 1 8| 1815. 
To be Majobs in the Armt^ viz. 



Capt Michael Turner, 1 B. G. 
Capt. Edward Whmyates, R A. 
Capt Peter Innes, 79 f. 
Capt Edward Iflelly, 1 L. G. 
Capt Henry Madox, 6 D. 
Capt Hon. H. E. Irby, 2 Life a 
C^ Samnel Reed, 71 f. 
Capt Edward Reane, 7 L. D. « 

Capt W. Baron Decken, 2 L. B. K. G. L. 
Capt. Adam Brogb, 44 f. 
Capt. A. Cleves, Art. K. G. U 
CaptL.deDreTe8,3L.BatK G.L. 
Capt Lord John Somerset, 63 f. 
Capt Thomas Dyneley, R. A. 
Capt William Vemer, 7 L. D. 
Capt Skinner Hancox, 15 li. D 
Capt W. F. Halsemmin, 1 Ll. In. Bat 

K.G.L. 
Capt Conyngham Ellis, 40 f 



Capt George Bowles, Cold F. C 
Capt George L. Rudorff, 1 Lt In. Bat 

K. G. L. 
Capt Hoa. E. S. £rskine» 60 f. 
Capt William F. Drake, Roy. H. G. 
Capt. William Drammond, 3 G 
Capt James Gunthorpe, 1 G. 
Capt. Aug. de Saffe, 1 L. Bat K. G. L» 
Capt James Shaw, 43 f. 
Capt Lord Charles Fitzroy, 1 G. 
Capt. Charles A, F. Bentiock, C. F. G 
Capt. Alexander MacdonaJd, R. A. 
Capt Robert ElUson, 1 F. G. 
Capt. Henry Bamaresqae, 9 t 
Capt James Jackson, 37 f. 
Capt. Robert Howard, 30 f. 
Capt WilHam£eles,95f 
Capt John Tyler, 93 f. 
Capt Algernon Langton, 61 1 



Lord Arthnr Hill, upon the Staff, Ccommisaon dated July 27, 18t5 ) 



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Jtib.lSl5. 

Th§ Itiftg df Ihi N^^landi hM gh^ dM tMke t^f WMbngton (Ue 
title of PmvCB OF Watwuloo, and the Stafin^^neml hav« v^liedl an 
eetete upon iiis fiunily, iimualiy producing 52(0»000 Duleh Axmns 
(2,000/.) consisting of woodsy &t. in tha heigUbombood of. L^a B^le 
Alliance, Hougoumont, &c. 

The King of S^ony has confentd updn the Duke of We^ington his 
Family Order of " The Crown of Rue* 

The Gxtmd Duke of Baden has also <::onC^n^ iip6n thb IliustrioQs 
Personage, his Order of FiDEUTY/' of the First Classi accom|MUUo4 
^th a Qoli Snuff Box, enriched with diamonds of (preat valae^ 

His Royal Hifiihiiesfi the 1?rince ftegent lias been pleased, in the name 



jLieui.-i;oi. ^tepnen u* Aaye, xuir. Arc 
lieut.rCoL I* Arqaimbeau, Ist Foot* 
^Col. Henrjr Askew, Ist Ft Gds. 

B. 

Lieat..Col. N. W. Ballej, SO t. 
Lieut -Col. G. Baring, t lA, In. K; G. L. 
Lieat-Col. Charlei B^ck>«ith, 95 F. 
Lieut.-Col. Shapiand Bovse, IS Lt. D. 
Major F. Breymann, B fitie, K. G. L. 
]ieiit.*Col. Jidnes P. Bridger, IS Lt. Dr. 
*Lieut.-Col. F. Brooke, 4 Ft 
Lieut.-Col. Atidr^w Brown, 7$ Ft. 
Lieut-Col. Fielding Browne, 40 F. 
Lieot Col. Robert Bull, Roykl Art 
•Lieut.-Col. ). Baron Btil6%, Ist Lt. Dr. 

i. G. 1. 
Lieut-Col. De Lancey Barclay, 1 Ft.O. 
Lieut..Cu1. \fnn% Baron Bussche, 1 Lt 

Inf. K. G. Li 

C 

Lieut -CoL Alex. Cameroi^ 95 F. 
Lieut.-Col. Duncan Cameron, 79 F. 
*Lieut-Col. Cotin Campbell, 1 F. 
lieut-Col. Sir Guy Campbell, ]3t 6 F. 
Lieut-Col. John CampbeH, 43 F. 
Lieut.-Col. William Campbell, 2S F. 
lieut.-Col. Edward Cheney, 2 Dr. 
Lieut-Col. Isaac B. Clarke, S D. 
Lieut.-Col. Arthur B. Clifton, 1 Dr. 
lieut-Col. George Colquitt, 1 F.G. 



*Lieot-Col. !I1i6mM Datetev tS F. 
Lieut-Col. L. C. Dalrymple, 15 Ui>. 
Maj. the Hon. Gen, Dawson, lat D. G. 
^cot-Cbl. Robert Henry Dick, 43 F* 
Lieut-Col. Philip Dorville, 1 D. 
•Llfcut.-Col. Nfeif Douglas, 79 F. 
Major Fer^y Drummond, R. A. 

Lieut-Col. W. K. Elphinitonet SS t. 

F. 
Lieut.-Col. G. Tead, 1 F. C. 
Lient.-<>»L J. Freraantlc^ Gold. G. 
Maj.J.Fu1lartoi^95]^« 

Inent.jCoL 0. Gold/tUyal Art 
^Lkeut'CoL Lord dreenock. Permanent 

Assist Q. M. Geu. 
H. 
Lieut-Cpl. Alexander ilamil|on« >S0 F. 
Lieut Col. J. M. Hamme^ton, 44 F. 
Lieut-Col. John Hare, ft F. 
Col. Ho^. WilUam G. Harris, 73 F. 
*;Ueut<;ol. Frederick Hartwig. 1 1* t. 

K. G. L 
*Lieut-CoK James Hay, 16 L. D. x 

Major Aug. Heise, t Lt. Inf. Bat. K. G. L. 
*Coh Francis Hepbame, ^f F. Gr 
♦Col. F. B. Hervey, 14 U. D. 
*Lieat-Col. John Hicks, 32 F. 



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JntOC SMT UOOtf^V xIOlR'f Knt* Iw^ftV JIB* 

J, 
lieot-CoU a de Jt»yi<w» tlX D. 

K. 
Jfejor M. KaUmoa, Aft. K. A L. 
liravObf. Ihmmm Kellj. 79 F. 
*CoL Sir saw. Kennon. Knt 7 Lt IK 
Unrti^CoL Mat T.Kejt, 51 F. 

.- I- 

lieat-Col P. A* UHam tS It. H 
Iieat.-Col. JoiHuui LmiW f 5 F* 
lieot-CoU W. Baron LiniUigeDy 5 L> B. 

K.6.L. 
Lieut^Cttl. Ridiard UeweU^iu 28 M. 
lient-Cot Frederic de LuttermtBy 5 h, 

M. 

Lieee.»CoL Jeaet Maedonnell* Cold. O. 
lieat^U Alexander Macdonuld. R. A. 
lient-Col. Ddnald Macdonald, 9f F. 
lfl4DrE.lfeedefleldptF. 

licnL-CoL |i>rd Bebert Maonen* 10 IX 
lient-Col. DoQglai Mereer, 5 Ft. O. 
. lievtw-CoL F. 8. MllJer, 6 Ih, 
Ub^LJOoX. Oeor^e MUler, 9» F. 
•GetaH^MitoMltMk 
lieeUCol. Jamet Mitcbell* 91 F* 
lievt-CoI. Archibald Honey, 11 Lt Br. 
lient-CoU Oeorge Mailer, S L. Batt 

K.0.1. 
lieei-CoL Hon. IfenrY Morray, 18 D. 
UmK^Akl. Oeorge H. Mnrraj, 16 Lt. D. 
Col. Joseph Moter, 6 D» 
Lieut -CoL Oeorge Mottiebar j, 09 F. 

N. 
Col. W. Kicolay, Royal Staff Corps. 
LienlXeL Bbtert JmoAf S8 F. 
lieoL-Col Amof G. Norcott, 95 F. 

a 

lieot^I. Oeorge O'Mallej, 44 F. 



IieQt.-Col. febn^aHmi^B^ A. 
Iient4>L Hon. H. tvcy^ 14 LU D. 
licut^l. C. de Betersdorff, 8 14. KO^Xm " 
CoL Hon. F. C. ?onsopby> H't. B. 

Q. 
Col. Oeor|;e Qoentini 10 Lt. D« 

r: 

Lient-Col. Frederick Reh, 4rL. K. G.L. 

LientpOdl. A.BaioaBiittoMteii% I L.BW^ 
K. G. L. 

Col. Ibeniae BofneV, n F. 

Lient'OiL ftmmiet Biee, M R 

Lieiit-CoLFrederiok D» RebeiMoB,! L. 
BattlCO.L. < 

Itfajor Thomas Rogert, Royal Art 

Ueat..Col. Henry W. Rooke, S F. G. 

*Lieut.-Ool. John Ross, 95 F. 

*Li«v^ -Col. Cberles Bowan, 5S F. 
9. 

Hevt-Cak LoaASalmuKt F. G. 

LiMt-Grf. jMMf W.SUiob. U U. Pa. ; 

*Lient-Col. J. W. Smith, Koyal ArU 

Lient-CoL Henry G. Smith, 95 F. 

Cei James C. Smyth, Royal Eng. 

Lieat-CoL W* Sta^el j. Royal $m Gr 

•Col. Hon. W. smart; 1 F.X>. 

lieat-Col. A. Sympher, AM. K*^ 9. L. 
. T. 
^Lieat-Co|.F.8.TOy,14F, 
I Lieut,-Col. R. Torrtns, 1 W. In^ia B* 
' Lieut Col. Baron Tripp 60, F. 
^ T. 

nieat^OflL C. A. Yigoaeen^ SO r* 
W. 

Major L. Walker, 71 F. 

*Dent-Col. John Waters, Assist A. G. 

Lieut-Col. J. S. Williamson^ Royal A. 

Lieut-Col. Oeorge D. Wilson, 4 F. 

Lieut-Col. Fred, de WisseU, 5 Line B. 
K.G.L. 

Lieut-Cot Aug. de WisseJl, 1 Hussarst 
K.G.L. 

Cel. Sir George A. Wood, Knt.R. A* 

•Col. A. O* Weodfiord, Co|d. 0. 

L>eut-Col. Ale^ C. WyUy, 7 F. 



War Dq>artment, Sept 23, IS 15. 
Di5patc&e9» of whicli tbe following are copies, have been received -at 
tfiis oflR<re, by Earl Batburst, addressed to his lordship by Field*. 
Kfarsbal the Duke of Wellington. 

Fmis^ At^st 2, 1815. 
Mr Lo«9, — ^I hate the honour to inclose a list of Officers upon 
whom the Emperor of Austria has conferred the Cross of a Commar^er 
msi of a Knight respectively of the Order of Maria Theresa, in 
testimony of His Imperial Majesty's approbation of their services and 
condtict, partiailarly in the late battles in the Netherlands^ which I beg 
your Lordship to lay before Hb Royal Highness the Prince Regent, and 
request His Royal Highnesses permission for them respectively to accept 
the same* 

I have, Sec WELUNGTON., 



irATMUhOO ffOHOPMf && 



T§h€Cmimmim9fA$0ri4r^ 

Mabia TBYmilA. 

Utnt^em. the Marqais of Angleiey, 

G. C. B. 
lieut^en. Loid HiU, O. C. B. 

9a be JTiMf^ 0f DU (M<r of 

Hakxa Tbbkbsa* 

Iieat*Oeo« Sir HearT CliiitoD> 0. C. B. 
Majv-GtiL Sir Jamet KempC, K. C. B. 
UnMtik. Sir Idw. Bftcnei* K. a B. 
Ku-GeiL Lord £dw. Somcmet» K. G. B. 
Cor.8irJohn£Uej,K.C.a B.B.G* 
CoL Thomaa Bejnelli 71 F. 



CoL Sir And. BOTHtttfj K< a B. 9ft F. 
CoU the HoxL Alex* Ab«rcroiiibj« €• 6« 
CoL Sir George Wood, R. A. 
CoL Sir Colin CuipbeU, C. G. 
CoL Sir John Colbome, K. €. B. 5S F. 
CoL Alex. WoodiMd»C. G. 
CoL the Hm. Fred. Pomonby, IS L.II* 
CoL FeltoaK Her*CT» 14 L. D* 
CoL Csmichwl Smitli» B»yal &«• 
lient-CoL Janet If'BonnelL C GL 
Lieuc-CoL Sir Bobert Hill, Knt. B.H. G. 
lient-CoL Lon^ F&taojSonenet, K.C.B. 

lient-CoL Robert Dick, 49 F* 
Dent-Col. Neil Douglu, 79 F. 
Lient CoL Ltrd Stlumn, 1 0. 



War Department, Oct. 2S, 1S15. 

Dispatches, of which the following ace copies, have been feceiTcd 
by Earl Bathnrst, addressed to his Lordship by Fidd-Maishal his 
Once the Duke of WeUingtoOi K. G. G. C. B. 

Headquarters, Paris, Oct. Z, 1815. 

Mt Lori>,-*I have the honour to annex a further list of General 
Officers upon whom His Majesty the Emperor of Austria has conferred 
the Order of Maeia Theresa, in testimony of His Majesty's appro- 
bation of their services and conduct, paiticularly in the late battles 
fought in the Netherlands, which I beg your Lordship to lay before 
Hb Royal Highness the Prince R^ent, and request His Royal High* 
ness's permission for them to wear the same. 

I have, &c. WELLINGTON. 
Tie Eart Bathur$t. 



Ifajor-Gen. Sir John Byng. 
Xnjor-Gen. Sir Frederick Adam. 



Illnjof-Gen. Sir Denb Pack. 
Major-Gen. Sir Honey Ylt ian. 



War Department, Sept. 23, 1815. 

Dispatches, of which the following are copies, have been received at 
this office, by Earl Bathurst, addressed to his Lordship by Field-. 
Marshal the Duke of Wellington. ' 

Paris, Avg.n, J 815. 

Mt Lord, — I have the honour to inclose a list of Officers upon 
whom His Imperial Majesty the Emperor of Russia has conferred de- 
corations of different classes of the orders of St. Gboroe, Ankb, and 
Wlapimir, respectively, in testimony of His Imperial Majest/s ap- 
probation of their services and conduct, particularly in the late battks 
fought in the Netherlands, which I beg your Lordship to lay before His 
Royal Highness the Prince Regent, and request His Royal Highness's. 
permission for them to accept the same. 

I have, &c. WELLINGTON. 



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8t. Oio&oB. 

JJmt^hau Ike Mamii ^JnsUttj. 
. i4C«t.-Cea. Lord HilL 

St. GstiBom. 

Iieiit.Geii.Sir B. Ctiaton. 
Miu.-Gen. Cooke. 

Second CkM. 

St. Wladihia. 

Ha|or.G«inefid Sir O. VmMtnt* 
Maior-Genenl Sir J. Byde. 

St. WlADIMIB. 

BiTajoi-Oeiieral Lord E. Somenot. . 
Mmior-Geoeral Sir J. Lambert* 
Malor-OeMral Sir C. Onmt* 
Ma1o^ General Maitland. 
MMor-General Sir H. Vima. 
Colonel Mitcbdl. 

Fourth dau, 

Sr. GsoBOB. 

Col. Sir J. Ellej, Astist-Adj.-Gen. 

Col.Rejiujll,7lP. 

Col. Sir A. Barnard, 95 F. 

CoL Hon. A. AbttcroiD^j A. Q* M. G. 



CoL Sir C. Campbell, A. Q: M. O. 
Col. Sir J. Colbome, 69 F. 
Col. Woodford, Cold. G. 
Col. Hoa. f. Ponsonby, If Lt H. 
Cok Hervey* Acting Military Sec 
Lieat-Col. Sir R. CTill, Ro^al H. (». 
Lieut-Col. Lord F. Somenet, MiL See. 
Lieut-CoL Lord Saltoun, 1 G. 

Fourth CUm. 

St. Wladimxb* 

CoL Hepburn, SX}. 

Col. Sir G. Wood, R. A. 

Col. Muter, 6 Dr. 

Col. Carmicbael Smjtb, R. £. 

Lieut-Col. Macdonnell, G. 

Lieat-Col. Sb H. Bradford, 1 0. 

Lieat-Col. Lord Greenock, A. Q. M. G. 

Iieiit.Col, Cooke, 1 G. 

Lieut-Col. Sir C. Brc^e, A. Q. M. O. 

Lieut-Col. Sir U. G. Berkeley, A«Q.MXI« 

Lieut.4>>l. Rom, 95 F. 

Lieut-CoL Sir G. Scovell, A. Q. M. O. 

lieut-CoL Dick, 4f F. 

Lieut-Col. Douglas, 79 F. 

Lieut-CoL Nixon, 28 F. 

Lieut-Col.- Lygon, t L. G. 

lieut-CoL Hare, STf. 

FirstClau. 

St. Avms* 

Lieut-Gen. Charles Count AlteB. 
Major-Gen. Sir E. Barnes, Adj.-G* 
MajoNGen. Adam* 



War Dfpartmeni, Oct.iS^ 1815. 
Dispalebes, of which the following are copies, have been received' 
by Earl Bathorst, addreieed to his Lordship by Field-Marshal hit 
Grace the D«ke of WaUington, K. G. G. C. B. 

Head-^puxrten^ Paris^ Cii. 8, 1815. 
Mt Lord, — ^I have the honour to inclose a list of Officers upon 
whom His Majesty the Emperor of Russia has conferred decorations of 
the Order of St. Anite^ in testimony of Hb M^esty's approbation of 
their 9ervices and conduct, particularly in the late battles fought in the 
Netherlands, which I beg your Lordship to lay before His Royal Highnett 
the Prince Regent, and request His Royal Highness's permission fw 
them to wear the same. 1 have, &c. 

. T*e Earl Bathurst, Sfc. ^ WELLINGTON. 



SuondCUu9f 
St. Avmb. ' 
Col.F.VonArentscbeildtfSHos. K.GX 
Ueut.-Col. R. Torreiif, W.I.Rm. 
Lieul . -Col . John Waters, A . A .'G . 
Lieut.-Col. Charles Beckwith, 95 f. 
Lient.-Col. W. Campbell, A.Q.M.G. 
Deut.-Col. Colin Campbell, Roj.Scots. 
Lieut.-Col. Arthur Clifton, 1 Dr. 
Lieut . -Col . John Hicks, 5« f . 
lieut.-Col. W. Elphiustone, 53 f* 



Lie^.-Col. Henry Mitchell, 51 f. 
Lieut.-Col. A.G. Norcott, 95 U . 
Lieut.-Col. A. Cameron, 95 f. 
lieut.-Col. J.B. Clarke, 9 Dr. 
Ueat.-Col. Sir J. May, K.C.B. R.A. 
LieBt«-Col.SirHewRoss, K.C. B. R. A. 
Lieut-Col. Sir R.Gardiner, K.C.B.RJl.| 
Lieut.-Col. SirW.Gomm;K.C.B. R.A.; 
Lieut.-Col. John Bull, R.A. 
Major Edward Kellv, t L.G. 
Major A. M'Donald, R.A* 



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BM-putrim, Pto*, «f.«i 1815. 
Mt Lord, — I b4?Q die lionour to inclose » liil of OAcers upon 
whom Hit M^esty tbe King of the Low OHnlriM ht» c od b iwJ teo-i 
ntions of diffmnt clasaas of the WiIbklm's Order, in ie itiittohy of 
His MajestT^fl approbation of their services and conduct, particnjarly 
in the late battles fought in the Netherlands, which I heg your Lord- 
ship, to lay before His Royal Highness the Prince Regent, and rcq^nestr 
IJis RoyM Highnesirs permisMon fcr them to wear the same* 

I have, &c YfELUwancas. . 

lie Earl Bathurtt. 



Third Clm. 

Wiihxlk's OftDia. 

Umk.'Om^ Sir Hmkr Cliatmi,0«C.B. 
]fi9i.»ean.SirColq.0raa^ KX»B* 
Uai.^en. Sb CoUb HaUelt, K.CB* 
MaK-Owi. Sir Georg* Cook*. K.C.B. 
Muk-Gen. Sit Juatt Kenpt, K.C.B. 
Am . -Geo . Sir William DoaibeisJLC.B. 
Ma|«-Oeii« Sir FiBx.Maithiad, H.C.B, 
lieaU-Gen. CbsrleiC*antAtt«a4C.C«B. 

FowrACbm, 

WlLIISLK't Oe»1A. 

Qfla. Col. Stewvtf 1 O. 



Col. Fra* B tf k mu, SO. 

Col. Fr^d. Afeati^tm^ f Hm. 

Col. A-B. Clifton, 1 Pi. 

Hod. lieut.-Col. W. SIpfaiBitBMvSS f. 

lievt.^Col. £. O. Tripp. 

Lieot.-Col. Sir€lMrlttta»ke*K.C.B. 

Lieut.^^ol. Sir Henry BradiordtK.C. B. 

lienc-Col. Sir George Berkeley,K.C.B« 

Iieiit.*€M« Imd OreeMck 

Lieat.-Col< R. Nixoa, 1 f. 

Lieat.-Col. G. MatUebory, ^ /• 

Lieat.-CoI.Harrb. 

Lieat.-Col. J. Ross, 95f. 

Lieitt..Col. Bvtehe» 1 L.Bi S.G.B. 

LienU^Col-George B«nng»S LBK.Q.L. 



WkHehaO, Oct. 3U l%i5. 
His Royal Highness the Prince Regent has been pjeased, in die 
name and on beh^ ei His Majesty, to grant the dimity of a Baron of 
the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, unto the Right Ho- 
nourable Lieutenant^enenJ Rowland Baron Hill, Knight Grand Cross 
of theJ^fost Honourable MUitary Older of the Bath, and the heirs male 
qf his body lawfully be^otlen, by the mane^styk, and tiib otf BiEiDn 
Hill, of Alm.areg, .and ^ Hawkstoae and Hacdwiake, in the ccnnty ef 
Salop, and in default of sach isflue, to. the heics iMle.bwfiiUy htsptten 
of his late brother John Hill, of Hawkstone^ in the said county of 
Salop, Esq. deceased* 

Wm- Defortmeni, Oct. My 1S13. 
Dispatcher of whkh the folbwhtg are copies, have been received at 
dus office, by Eari Batbnnl, addressed to his Lordship by Field- 
Mavsbal the Dake of Weffiagtoa. 

Paris, Sq4€mber24ik, 191 S. 
My Lord, — 1 have the honour to inclose a list of Offioecs upon 
whom His Majesty the King of Bavaria has conferred decorations of 
different classes of the Order 6f Maximilian Joseph, in testimony 
of His Miyest/s approbation of their services and conduct, parti* 
cularly in Uie late battles fought in ^ Netherlands, which I beg 
your Lordship to lay before His Royal Highness the Prince . Regent, 
and request His Royal H^hness^s permission for them to accept the same. 

I have tbe honour to be, &c. 
(Signed) WELLINGTON. 

To Earl Bathtrst^ ^c ^tr. djtr. 



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\ 
N<mm of Qfiean vp&ti w^om Sk M(§6thf ike Khigqf BoMia km 
go^itred tie (Mkn of Maxibciliav Jq«bph< 

Bead^m-ttri, ParUy SeptenAef HSi^ 1S15. 
CdmmaAdets.—yt&iot Central Sir Colin Halkett, K.<3.B. M^jait 

Gt^neml Sir John laitibert, K. C* B. Major Gen^r&l Sir Jaau^ 

Lyon^ It. C. B. Major OeBeml Sir John vandeleur, K. C. B. 
Xii^iify.— Colonel Sir Colin Campbell, K.C.B. Colonel P. % 

Hervey. Colonel Lord fhzroy Somerset, K.'C.B. lieutentttt 
' Colonel Nbrcott. Lieutenant Colonel Sit Noel Hill, K.C.B. 

lieutenant Colonel Freemantle. Major Honourable 0. Dawsom 

The Prince Regent^ as a mark of his high approbation of the disda- 
ffuished bravery anii good conduct oi the lat |U)d 2cl Life Guards «t 
the battle of Waterloo, on the 18th ultimo, is pleased to declare hiii|> 
self Colonel in ChiefoiTboth the Regiments of Life 6uards« 

. His Roviil HigfaaciB tbe Prince Regent hm been pleased, indie 
flABie, and bn tie befaaif of hie Mi^es^, to approve bf all the Brhkii 
Aegimentt of cavalry and infiintry which were engaged in the battle oC 
Waterloo, being permitted to bear on their colours and appointment^ 
1b addttioB io «ay.. other bed^iB br devices that may have heretofore 
been gsaaied to those tegi mtot^ die word ** Waierlm," in commenio- 
lalioa of their distrngatshcd services, xm the 18tfa of June^ 1615« 

Vide LUt tfltegimmh, page 26t, 

Wdr Qffiee, Jufy 29, 1815. 
. The Pnnee Rtgent, as a ndrk of hAt Royal approbatiofn of the 
disfeingaished ^liuitry of the Brigade of Foot Guards in the victoiy 
•f. Wait^rieoy has been pleated, in tl»4s haAe and on the hehalf of ht% 
M^festy, io appraRw ef all the finsigv of the th?ee R^ments cC 
Foot Guards having the rank of Lieotenaata, and tiuit such rank 
shaU be attadbedtd all the future appointinents to £nsigacies in the 
Foot Guards^ in the same manner as the Lieutenants of those regl> 
asents obtain the rank of Captain. 

His Royai Uii^ness has been pleased to approve of the 1st Regi* 
ment of Foot Guards being made a Regiment of Grenadiers, and 
•lyied <^ The 1st, olr Grenadier Reginent of Foot Guards,'' in com- 
infelBeratton of their having ttetfeated the Grenadiers of the Frendi 
Imperial Gulirds upon this memorable occasion. 

War Office, Jidy Si, 1S15. 

Sirj-^-Tlre Prince Regent having taken into lus most gracioti^ 
consideration, the dittinguished gallantry manifested upon all occa- 
sions by the Officers of ^ British army, and having more particu* 
larly adverted to the conspicuous valour displayed by them in the 
late glorious victory, gained near Watetloo, by the army under the 
command of Field Marshal the Ihike of Wellington ; and His Royal 
Highness being desirous of testifying the strong sense entertained by 
liim of their devotion to His Majes^s service, 1 have the honour to 
acquaint you, that His Royal Highness has been pleased to order-^ 

First, — That the regulation under which pensions are granted to 
\\*ounded Officers, shall be revised, and- th%t. the pensions which 



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^6/6 wATsaLoo BonoxTMM, &e. 

JMLvebeeoy or maybe granted to Oflken, for Ukeaetiiallossof eyeor 
limb^ or for wounds certified to be eqitally injurions with the kfs» 
of limb, shall not be confined to the amount attached by the scale to 
She rank which the Officer held at the time when he was wounded* 
but shall progressively increase, according to the lank to which sack 
Officer may, from time to time, be promoted ; the avgmentatioa with 
. regard to the pensions of such Officers, now upon the list, bebg lo 
take the date from the 18th of June, 1815, inclusive. 

Secondly, — ^That every Subaltern Officer of infimtiy of the line* 
who served in the battle of Waterloo, or in any of the aptiooa 
which immediately preceded it, shall be allowed to account two 
^rs' service, in virtue of that victory, in reckoning his services for 
iBcrease of pay given to Lieutenants of seven years' standing ; and 
every such Subaltern will therefore* be entitl<»l to the additional 
Is. aday, whenever he shall have served five years as a Lieutenant. 

And, thirdly,— That this regulation shall be extended to every 
Subakem of cavalry, and to every Ensign of the Foot Guards, who 
'terved in the above-mentioned actions^ and every such Subaltern 
and Ensign will, therefore, be entitled to an additional shiUiag a** 
day, after five years' service as Lieutenant in the cavalry^ or aa 
JBnsign in the Guards. 

His Royal Highness being also desirous of marking his sense of 
die distinguished bravery displayed by the non-commissioned 
Officers and Soldiers of the British forces, in the victory of Waterloo^ 
has been most graciously pleased to order, that henceforth every 
non-commissioned officer, trumpeter, drummer, and private man, 
who served in the battle of Waterloo, or in any of <the actions which 
-immediately preceded it, shall be borne upon the muster rolls and 
pay lists of their respective corps as ^ Wateiioo Men;** and that 
every ** Waterloo Man" shall be allowed to count two years' tervioa 
in virtue of that victory, in reckoning his services for increasa of 
pay, or for pension when discharged. 

it is, however, to be distinctly understood, that tha indulgenais 
u not intended in any other manner to afiect the conditicms of ihar 
original enlistment, or to give them any right to their discharge 
before the expiration of the period for which they have engaged to 
serve. 

The Duke of Wellington has been requested to transmit returns 
of the Subaltern Officers to whom these orders may be ccmsidered by 
his Grace to apply ; together with accurate muster rcdls containing 
the names of all the ^ Waterloo Men" in each corps; such muster 
rolls being to be preserved in this Office as a record honourable to 
the individuals themselves, and as documents by which they will at 
any future time be eiud}led to establish their claims to the benefits 
of this regulatioqu 

I have great pleasure in communicating these instances of the 
Pnnce Regent's gracious consideration for the army ; and 1 request 
that you will be pleased to take the earliest opportunity of announc- 
ing the same to the Officers and Men of the corps under your com* 
mand. , 

I have ttie honour to be, §ir, 

^your most obedient and humble servant, 
(Signed) PALMERSTON. 



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Cirtubr. To FtnfmiuUn 9f KtpmenU* 

WwrQfict, Jwlg^l.niS. 

^* Tbat the lieatenttits of Qtvalry and Infantry, who had sirred 
aore than five yean as tuch, on tl^ 18th of June, 1815| or who 
may enhsequently have completed that period of service, are to 
nceive one shUUng per diem for every da/s service as Lieutenant 
beyond five years, it being fully understood that the retrospect is, in 
no instance, to exceed two years. In like manner, the corporals 
and privates, distinguished as ^ Waterloo Men/ are to receive the 
benefit of the two years' service retrospectively, in cases in which, by 
tiM addition of the two years, they would have completed their re* 
spective terms of service, on or previously to the 18th of June, 1815^ 
joid the two years' service will, of course, be reckoned in all claims 
subsequently accruing. 

'' 8uch of the officers and men present with the battalion as are 
now entitled to receive the same, may be settled with accordingly. 

^ The chaiges for the officers are to be included in the ordinary 
accounts of ^eir pay, and those for the men present in a distinct 
supplementary pay list to the 24th of September; forms of which 
are to be transmitted from diat office. 

^ The ordinary quarterly pay list to this period will, therefore, 
be proceeded upon, and rendered as if the Circular fA die 81st of 
July kst had not been issued. 

'^ The non«c<nnmissioned officers and privates absent are to recdve 
the amount due tp them, under directions from that department, 
which is to be issued as soon as a certified return, signed by the 
Commanding Officer, Adjutant, and Paymaster, shall have been 
xeeeived. And that, under the present Mutiny Act, soldiers be* 
coming entitled to additional pay on account of service, are allowed 
In receive the same from the first day of the military quarter in which 
they completed dieir period of service; but that rule, being to take 
effect from the 25th of June last, does not apply to the men who, 
with the addition of the two years now granted to them, will have 
completed their term of service on or before the 24th of June last.'' 

'' Addressed to tie fm/masterr 
Officers commanding — - Regiment of -— — 

Vide List of Regiments^ page 262. 

His Royal Highness the I^rince Regent has conferred upon Lieut.- 
Oeneral Sir Charles Alten, K. C. B. and to bis descendants, the title 
of Count, as a recompense for his distinguished services in the war in 
Spain, and in the Battle of Waterloo. 

His Royal Highness has been further pleased to testify his high 
satisfaction with the Hanoverian troops, who were present in this last 
battle, and to permit them to bear, Hke the English troops, on their 
colours, and on their uniform, the word *' Waterloo.* 

?• S. Parish of Saxtead, Suffolk, including 61. by the Rector and 
his Lady, in addition to a pension of lOL per annum, proposed to 
be settled by him as Rector of Framlington cum Saxtead, during his 
ownlife, on Serjeant JaUes Graham, of the Coldstream, whom 
his Grace the Duke of Wellington has been pleased to recommend for 
that purpose, 12/. 2s, 6d. (Waterloo StdfscriptionJ 

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WeaMJjfice^ Dee. U. 'PliePrloeelUgeiit has been pleased to approrv 
«f thf HDfleniiiealioiioil B«^ents being permitted to bear on their 
tfkmn and appointmantl, di« wwl ^ Waiarfop,'^ m coirivcaaaniiion 
^ttimr diftioguiftiad $eirv{0»on tha 19Uiof Juoa, IBlB ir^mf^istwtd 
Sd Life QB»i4$t fU>yal Hpm Guivrdi, lat Onfoon Gaiwdg, Royal 
Dfagpoof* 2d Itoyai Npnb Brkitli Omgaoo^, ^h lUgiaiaBtof D» 
yK>09, 7di» liQtk, nth, )2(tbt 13tb» i^tb, IM. mhi,m$AUdtbBpm 
iitati of Ugki PiafOOBs, Royal Waggoa Train, Royal Axtilkfy, Royal 
Ea«ioemy m aad 2d Gtnm$» light I>ra|ooa0» Maud 3d OMmwa 
Howm» 2d and dd ball. <>ftiiadiar Gimds, 8d km. CddstaM 
Cvardfi, 2d batt. 3d Fopt Guaidt, dd batt« Royal Sbeoli, IstlMtt. 
^, 9dbatt. |4tb,43d; l«tbaU.27tb,€8ai; Mbatt SOlh, 9e2d,S8d| 

7l8t ; 2d batt. 73d ; 1st batt. 79th, 92d ; Ist bait SMfth ; 6 eomftaJm 
9i batti 9(Mh ml 2 compf* 3d batt*9M) BegMMnH of Foot; Royal 
StaffCorps; M aad 2d G^roMn Ught Batt^ion ; 1st. 2d, Sd, 4th, 5th, 
md Ikk Gw9M JJm BaHftlioaa, and tba GennaA ArtiUeiy. 

The combined Forces tf the Allied Arnde^^ which wm intQ 
France, are estimate asfolhm : 

EXGUSB it HANOVERIANS, 80,0a(K-PRU&SIAK6, 250,000 
AUSTRIAN8, 250^)00 ---BAVARIANS & W1R1%MB€RGE(», 
110,000— RUSSIANS, 200,000— Total, i90,00a Ad^ngtothiB 
the Staii; with the SoMtaigas, ice aaariy ifiOOfiOO 

The Generals appointed to the command of the 150,000 troops to 
lemain in France, viz. 

Emxajjd, Xhkeqf WeflingUn.'^Uv^mAy Gen. WoratwfW'^ 
Au87RiA> Gentrol frummi.~¥v^^f^fklA9 G^mfil Chmfemp^, 

The ehief commaiid to ba with the DvcB ev WatiiiiroTOir. 
PaAs is to he occvined by from 10 to 12,030 Eogttih, in b«nnu%t* 

'These forces will have a certmn number of fortresses, as foinU 
Xappvi^ in case of any revolutionary movement. They mil be 
well supplied with field artillery, besides diat of the fortresses ; having 
among them not less than 500 pieces of caonof . 

PROTOCOL OF THE CONFERENCE BETWEEN 
THE PLENIPOTENTIARIES OF AUSTRIA, RUS- 
SIA, GREAT BRITAIN, PRUSSIA, AND FRANCE, 
ON MONDAY, THE SECONJP OF OCTOBER, 1816. 

Aftev v9JrH>tt^ 4««4^rdMaQ9 aofl ppaf^eooes between 
the PlenipoteDtiaries of Auatrla, Gceat BiiLaio, Pmsstm 
ftnd Riia^ oa the ooe ^U)^; and the BuJce of Bi^K^a, 
appointed Pleoipoteaiiiir^ of Bi9 Majesty tbe King pf 
Frapce, on the otber, U b«s been ggreeq jiaqq to-dAj, tbat 
the relations betvf^o Fraw)^ apd the AJlicd Powers, am«d 
for the re-^tabliabmeioi and waintenani^ of the een^^l 
peace, aball be definitively regulated upp^ the foJIowiDg 
jp^ses :— 

1^ The boundanesof Franp^ m tfcey msm in ITBpj fro^» the North 
ISfea to the Maditmm;^ «|^4l /of m thp fonda«»sp(t^ pnncifdesjof 



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TftBAVT^IOO. WITS f lAKOB. 880 



4m terriforidi i mugcmfcute , io'^uU 4me Astricts mi tentiories of 
fonner Belgumi, W Oen&any, mtWI 8«voy, which, by tfw TkM^ ^ 
Aidf 9i UM^ irare MOeind toold Fimneei ihiU vemdn sepaiiUed 



ti WiMfe drifl pffiDciple kdcpafted freia, ^ bowKforics of 1790 
dudl he modiiad mad better emmgedi acoording to mutnai cbnven- 
<kNit aM in t emt i , both ia iǤud to civil jtiiisdiictieBy 9o asto cut 
off inclosed diitrictt, and assign, on both sides, a more regular ter- 
vkbtyv Md also m fogaid to Mtofy jwrMtction, to as to strengthen 
■oswaia weak parts of ^e bavndaries cif tbe centenninous couatries. 

!■ OMi&naity to ^km prineiple Fraaoe cedes to the Allies— 

Landau, Saariows, Phai pp e ville, and MarieAUng, wMi Aose 
"Cifcles- «f territory which ave osore AiMy laid down in the plaa of 
treaty pfapiM by Ike ^r Allied Cabinets, on iIk 9Mi September. 

¥eBsay, wiA the seoessary ternlary, sbafi be ceded to the Helf>etic 
Confedeiatioo, in order to bring the Canton of Geneva in direct com* 
■wmicatiaa whh Switaeiland, mi the French line of customs shall 
be theM establiibed in the manner most convenient for the admims* 
-tPBtive aystem ef bath countries. 

Tkt works of HmMngen shaM be demolished. The French Go- 
vernment binds itself to erect no others within a distance of three 
Jeagnes^eas Baale. 

fVaaee relinqmshea her rights to die principality of Monaoo« 

Om iie oMmt hand, the possession of Avignon and the Venaissin, 
•B well as of the conaAy of Mompplgaid, and the possession of every 
other territory which is included within the French fine, shdl l>c 
waaw sooned to France.' 

S* FIrance pa^tathe Allied Powers, by way of indemnity for the 
erpsmajof ^leir lastnrmaments, the sum of 700 millions cf- francs. 
Ji apemal Commission ahatl ^ the mode, the periods, and die se- 
lEMBtiea fcr thb pa ysn un t. 

4. A mBitaiy line of ihe following eeventaen fortresses, ^w.'— ^ 
JDamSikf V^tknciennes, BoSK^hain, Canlbray, Le Quesnoy, Mau* 
beufe, Xandjedes^ Avesnes, Rocrc^, Givet, Mezieres, Sedan, Mom- 
lao^, ThianMlle, Longwy, Bttche, and the Bridge-head of Fort 
Louis, shall be occupied iy an army of 150,000 men, which the 
Allied ^Powers ahall appoint. This army, which shall be placed 
^tmdtf the oonmandof ajgenerali chosen by these Powers^ shaU be 
wholly maintained at fhe expense of France* 

A special Commission shall £x all that relates to its mainteospce, 
which shall be related in the best way jEbr supplyii^ all the wants 
of the arm^, and, at the &amQ time, the least burdensome for the 
country. ; ^. 

The longest duration of this military, occupation is fixed at five 
years. However, on the expiration of three yearn, after the AUiei^ 
Sovereigns have weighed the situatioh of things and of mutual in- 
lofoits, as well as the advances which may h&ve been lirradc in the 
restoration of order and tranquillity in France, they will come to n 
common decision with the King of France, whether the above t^m 
of ifears may <be shortened. 

The Plenipotentiaries having definitijely adopted .these 
bases, have concerted upoti the course to be "adopted^ in 



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899 TRBATT, &ۥ WITH nAVCK. 

order to arri^^, in tbe shortest possible tioiey at a formal 
i^raag^ment, and have coDsequeotly detenmned, 

1. Tbat.a gfif^nl Tr^t^.tMi be.dnwa u^, upon the bases above 
laid down, and adding to them such articles as, by common conseat, 
shall be judged necessary to complete it. The French Government 
will nominate, on its par^ the person, who is to unite with thoM 
whom the four Powers have charged with the drawing up: of the 
Treaty. 

S. That the Commissioners appcunted for the militaiy afiain shall 
proceed, conjointly with the Commissioners whom the French Govern- 
ment shall appoint far.4fais purpose, to draw up a (dan of Convention 
to regulate every thing relative to Uie military occupation, and to the 
support of the army employed in this occupation. The same Com- 
missioners shall also determine the manner and the periods of the 
evacuation of all such parts of the French tenitctfy as are not com- 
prehended within the line of the military occupation. 

3. That a special Commission appQinled for that purpose by the 
contracting parties, shall draw up, without 4clay, a plan of Conventioa 
to r^ulate the mode, the periods, and the guarantees of the pay- 

.nent of Uie 700,000,000 of francs, to be stipulated by the geoerai 

4. The Commission formed to examine the reclamations of several 
Powers, relatively to the non-execution'of certain articles of the Trea^ 
of Paris, shall continue its labours, with the understanding, that it is 
to communicate them as soon as possible^ to the Plenipotentiaries im 
the principal negpciation. 

5. That as soon as these Commissioners shall have fecrmiaated their 
labours, the I^empotentiacies shall unite to .examine the rsflolts of 
them,-— to determine on tbe definitive arraogements,— and to sign the 
principal Treaty, as well as the different.particular Conventions, This 
process verbal having been read, the Plenipotentiaries have approved 
It^aad (Signed) RASUMOWSKYt WESSENBERG, 

CASTLEREAOH, CAPO mSTEU, 

RICHELIEU, HUMBOLDT. 

WELLINGTON, HARDENBER6. 
■ ^ ■ 

London^ Fortign Ofice^ Kov. S3, 1815* ' 
Mr. PLAiTTiC arrived early this morning, from Paris, with the 
several Treaties and Conventions, for the restoration and maintenance 
of Peace, between His Britannic Majesty and his Allies, on one part, 
and His Most Christian Majesty, on the other; signed, at Paris, on 
Mondmf^tkt ^Oth instant ^ by Lord Viscovkt Castliaeaoh, and 
the Field Marshal his Grace the Dxtke of Wellington, as Pleni* 
poteotiaries of His Majesty, and by the DiTC be RtCHELiEir, as 
Flesipotientiary of His Most Christian Majesty. 

NoTi.««Ad4iltionaI ptrtkakrt of tbe Battle of Waterloo, and tbe oo-^Mr»> 
tire mofemeots over Switserland aAd luly,tbe Progress of the body of Ansttkui 
and Ro iBia n forces, with much other uopublUhed inforiD«tien> will be found in 
tiie teqael to thii work ; bting, together, s detailed account of the operatiooia 
•f tbe cMfedcrated AUka againtt Uw power of Franc« andtr Graeial Boaa*^ 
fifftt. 



fttjSiiby J. BwflvM, 

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MILITARY AND BIOGRAPHICAL 
NOTICES 

OF THB 

FALLEN HEROES. 



DUKE OF BRUNSWICK. 

^ To record the vi^rtues of the departed brnve," i$ a pleajsi9g though 
paioful task to suryivprs ; and the pen is tiever perhaps .ei^rcised frith 
p^re immediate ad,va^tafe» or fixture bepeA^ than when paying a d^e 
tQbujte to the worth and excelley^pe of those^ with whoip Provid^ipe 
lyas adorned society fo^ a timei apd then by spme ^pdden event has 
swept them away, and |^t their iprage Mone to memory. 

At the head of these may bf placed H|^ S^ene Highness the Dul^e 
o^Bbunsw][€|l Obls^ whp i^ras ki|led on th^ spot by a ivound in his 
side^i^hijsj: fighting gallantly at the head of his troops. His ren^funs 
were brought to Bn^nswick near inidnight, op the 22d pf June» ac- 
cojppanie^ by the physipian and servants of his hpiiseholdr Several 
thoosand perspns wept tp nieet them. At a, mile distance from the 
town^ the houses \if ere ^ken from the hearse, and drai^ by thepeople 
to ti^ P^dace^ This Prippe had put lib army, amounting to 14,000 
pnen^ in mourning ever ^ii^e his father's death ; and made his soldiers 
swear ^ver to leave it off, t^) th^y had avenged the insult offered to 
his fitther's ton^b by the F|renc)i. 

Frbbsrick William, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfbnbuttlb. 
Oe^s, and Bbbnstabt, was the fourth and youngest son of Charies 
Wil)iun Ferdipand, the kte reigpmg Duke of Brunswick^Wolfenbitttle. 
wh* died on the 10th of November, 1B06, at Ottensen, near Altona, 
in eoBsequeoce of the wound which he received at the unfortunate 
battle of Jena.* He was doubly allied to the Illustrious House whfch 
sways the British sceptre t — his mother being the sister of oii^r beloved 

* Buonaparte refused this Noble Character burial amoii|; his ancestors. 

t The seven sons of WiUiam the younger Duke of ^nmswick Lunenburg, 
liiniiihed the most striking instance of fraternal i^ection. The ngfat of 
primoganitttre had not yet been introduced in^ the Dukedom, and the deatii 
of each reigning Prince had till then given occasion to a division of poweri 

H 



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fega MILITARY NOTICES OF THE 

Monarchy and his sister the ^fe of the Hor-apparent to the throne. 
He wa^ born on tte 9tk of October, 1771, at the time when his father 
was still Hereditary Prince; but already highly honoured by the 
princes and people of Geimafiy, on account of his exploits in the 
•even-years war, and the attachment of Frederick the Great to his 
biave companion in arms. The whole North of Germany was suf- 
fering, in that unhappy year^ the horrors of famine from a failure of 
the harvest. Brunswick wus besides oppressed by the disorder of the 
fieanceSy from which there was no reKef Except tnroUgh the Ueredi^ 
tary Prince. He thought it his duty to ^ve, in his own &mily, the ex- 
ample of the economy which he wished to introduce into his couotiy. 
This generous resolu^n, «nd Iht Utttierouis military and state affurs 
which occupied the time of the Hereditary Prince, did not fail to in- 
flueiice In so^te m^siM the education of Us sons. Frederick Wil- 
tttfm faeitig the yoiltigust, fai^ f\litnrD elevation to tbe sovere&gnty covM 
mt be cticcdated upon in hh c^ucitioA : bit wfaoevto observed hittl 
and his way of Bfe, not oiAy whiit fanknediaf^ly suitounded him, couhl 
fiot help t^ISevhig him de^t!ine<i for somcUAng gfefit. His brge imd 
ardent eye added tiie expression ^ cinergy, to the mHdness ^at was 
announded by ik^ moufli and Other f«atnres ; ^ finely formed fore- 
lAead, and a GhrecSlEai ndse, xronifilletisd hib^agreeiMe tfonntenance. His 
fbnn *w^ elegant, yeft muscukr ; ind he htttAetted Bfanself iiginttt ibt 
fatigues of war, eagerly p <n s < d il g the exetcbes wfiich are considered 
ks ?ts tfnage. ft liks hMt <yften rematlsed, thlit the most lively minds 
are tire Vonde^ of the ia>struse sciettceft: thus ^txt Prince took gifeat 
deiigbt% MaMl^Eftimti«^. His edui^tidn wan, upon the Whole, moch 
tfie skme as liteit of Uls brothers, wdo weif^ but a Utde olderthan him^el^ 
till the mflitary profession, for which he Wks dei^ed, requii^ w 
k^propritite course 6f in^tructidn. When he arrived let maturer yean, 
and became ^vereign^ he regretted Uttt wknt of a more extettuve 
fxlucation. 

wUidi lirairt hi the ^nd be the iil«tetik <tf etta si deraMy Weakauug Use gr«ii4eiir 
itf this Mfverelgiity. iidoiediaMly lifter Ike 4eiiOi bf their ikther, ^nMrich tep- 
pened la 1611, the tev^ brothers resblved tti naik/% a regular imfy coiiveB« 
fion, in virtne of wliich it should no longer bepennitted t» disvember in fatiire 
the Docal Domains ; bat, on the contrary, to unite them under that part of their 
posterity to whose rule they might hereafter fidl. They agreed at the stafee 
time, that one oat of the seven should marry, and that they would draw lots 
to determine who should be the prop of their house. They all agreed to tids pro- 
posal, and the lot fell upon Ddke George, the youngest but one : his elder bro- 
diers aifectidnately embraced 'Him, and strictly observed every article agreed 
ppon. The posterity of this Oeorge are now in possession ^ the Throne 
ofEngland. 



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DUKE OF BIlfJNSWlCK. $93 

' in am, he wft§ nMniiHrted socoestor to his onde, Frederick An- 
gmflm, DAt of Oels and BenistBdt> m cstst he should die without 
isiiie; an arrangeweiit which was eon^rmed hy Frederick the Great, 
sad his nephew, Frederick WWiaoi 11. as soyereigns of Stiesia. 

IW PthKe id bis iMi year went to Lausanne, accotiiptiiied by Af . 
Langen who sliU hoMs tile sitwKioD <rf Ubratian at Wotfeshottle, and 
who had^ tf few years before, attended his brother, Hie hereditfeiy 
pMce, SO' the same place. After a resid^ce of about two yearr In 
SwiiMrhmd, the Prinee imn ttdiata ly commenced his miMtary cu^er. 
He was appoifltad captain in the regiaaeat of infa n lry ^hen hi gamson 
at. Mtig diihw|h , osinniaDdad by LietiteMHiM^neral< Langefeld, go- 
vernor of thatpkoe, who died in im* a regiment which prefionsly 
had lor its chief liie Frhice's great unde, the hero of Crerelt and 
IftMen. 

The Fridge heve detroted htmaelf with the whole 9nk>ur and perse- 
teranoe' of hk soul to the duties of bis pvofessvoto, and was rapidly 
ptiaiaotgd ; the ariny divided its attention between hira and Ptlnce 
Louis of PnMsia^ at that time a proaniiing young hero Hke himscMl 
How did? Ub fctfter delight in him; with what tfuisport did he see 
hfanself honounod in the person of his son, on whose breast the star 
of the Bbu)k Eagle hiaaed I How did he rejoice at the encoiinums 
wUeh the youth, then only nineteen years old> rtow^ on being proi- 
■oled lo the imk of Mnfor I Thus FM«riek WilKam begun his 
earner, suivounded by^the renmmbraiice of the great examples x>f Ms 
honfte*-of the lion-hearted HnvnT, who sensed Us ^fperor and 
frkad, and, after he hdd lost idl through him, stfH preserved a heart fbr 
Vm ; of the accomplished JuEins, who^ disregattled tooney, wher^ 
Art or Science weye io question, and yetulways had more money at 
his command than other princes of his time ; of ^e high-minded 
CummriAn, who was stIU a Knight when the dhys of chivalry were 
no more, and who uoderstood how to derive mc^e advantage from 
bis defeats, than others from thdr victories; of that iUnstrions com^ 
mnnder Wwm^r»AWiH whom the great Frederick sent instead cff an 
aindfiary army to beal die French, and lo ! what the King had said 
was done; and hstiy, of Lbopold, who had just ended bis .sacred 
vooation in the service of banmnity in the waves of the Oder: The 
Paiaee, whose mother was nster to the King of England, and whose 
gmndmothev was sister to Frederick the Great, lived and formed him- 
seif in those recoHocdons^ and in the love of his fhther, brave as a 
Acmry, and noble as his brother Leopold had been. . 

In the war with Frtnee, which eomnienced in 1792, the Fiince ac« 
oampanied the Pknissian army. He gained experience; and the miti- 



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9&4t MILITARY NOTICES OF THK 

tuty talents UQd itttiepidaty whicb be mott lad meie developed, were 
coimpJQuoiifljT^ litftplt^ed by jbioi on every occasion. Ilk couta^e^ 
this b^QyMk senMpf youdrfiil nwrgy, wbicb banished every idea«kf 
person4,dluigeir» /jmpelM biiQ^ in several iMtances, beyond lb« 
bounds cf finidenoe. On Ite 29t|i of November, b llielas^«iett- 
timed yewi .be incuned tbe most i—lnenr danger <rf bb iifc» in a 
skirmisb wbach took piaee in tbe village of Etseh, neav Wnrges« .He 
here received bis fisst bonoaraUe wound, from Ibe effects of wbicb 
he did not recover till after a considerable time. His Atber, whose 
peimissioi^ be bad obtained to be present at the action, aaoeived the 
newsof his wound with adbiira|rfe.€omposnreand s oj ip re s si ii of bis af> 
fliction, as is testified by Massenbach, who bfonght fasm lheintelligenoe« 
The treaty concluded at Basle on the dlh^rf Apsit 17M, again gave 
repose to the Prussian army. Prince Frederick W^iam, after being 
foE some time commander of the m^wMnt of Tlwdden at Halle, and 
aflKrwards of Kleisfs regiment at PrensbUy was, in 1800, promoted 
to the rank of Mi^|oi^43eneral* The Matter tegiment bad long dislia- 
gnished itself in the Pmssinn army, and^ nnder Ibe condociof Ae 
Prince, who bestowed. on at the most assidoous attention and masqr 
sacrifices, confirmed the character and reputation which ithads«^nitnd» 
His fiitbeiv who had not yet bad the pleasure of seeing fnuid* 
chiidfeff in his ftmily, had long widied thst Frederick Wtlham shonid 
flsairy ; and his unmarried brothers weire willing to cede to \aavtimr 
rifhti to^ Ibe succession. But thb wish of the father and brothers 
reiwiine4 unAdiUed, because love alone was for a heart like tbnA of 
Fredemfc William, the price of love. As, in the ancient heroic limei 
of Gamany, the houses of Welf and Zaehnngen had been ift the 
mw$f intimate firiendsUp, as ilenry the Lion rivalled the wise Duke 
Bevcbtold IV. of Zaehringen, so it now happened that the Duke 
Chae^^ WilXiAM of Brunswick emidated the Margrave Charies- 
Ffederick.qf Btdeui in the glory of making his people happy. vEeo* 
nnmy aod.beneficence, old German probity, and the entoiged ideas of 
Inter tin|Ks»;aU was turned to account ; their subjects blessed the one 
ae w^ as the other, and the Princes honoured each other.' TUs 
mutual esteeni of the lathers, became the tenderest love between thair 
children; Frederick. Wilham was devoted with his whole soul U^ the 
gentle Maxia, grand-daughter of the venenUe Charles Frederiok. 
The Princess was beautiful, and still more amiable than beanliful» hy 
the dmrms af her angelic pious mind, by the natural delicacy of her 
sentiments, and by the mental polish which she owed to her excellent, 
mother, a seoond Landgravine Amelia of Hesse, both in character nod 
name. Her policy wias the more admiraUe as it was wholly witboni 



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ftUKfi OF BRi;NSWtCK. £95 

irt? he^'otjg«ct waseleration of totil, and the cQtise«ratioii off domes- 
fie life ; aad its friiit has been, thrones aiid the betiedtctic^s c^ I^^PPy 
mtions. Frederick WHliaiii did not p)ae«4)is adored Mihrhi upon a 
titrone, but she wouM not have exchanged his faitfaftil* heroic hand 
for way sceptre. The young couple (they Were married at C^arisruhe, 
November the 1st, 1802,) repaired to Pren^n, the quarters of die 
Princess regiment. On the Mih of October, 1804, Ms domestic 
Mieity was completed by the birth of m son. On the 8th of October, 
in 1806, lie succeeded, on the death of his uncle Frederick Augustus, 
to the Duchies of Oeb and B^mstadt. On the 26th of April, 1806, 
his consort presented him with another loTely boy, who, as well as his 
cMer brother, is still living. 

The days of misfortune now followed. Th^ year 1806 w>as disttn- 
gmshed by the beginning tif the war with Prance, the fotal issue of 
which is so well knowo. Scarcely had the Duke got over the grief 
of patting fh>m bis beloved consort and his infont sOns, and had 
taken the fieM with hb brave regiment, when* the first messenger of 
liflicliott ^nne and annomiced that his brother, the HereditaryrPrincI^ 
waa no* more ; September 20th, the second mess^iger came, and 
mnounced dmt his Father and General, Duke Charles William Fer- 
dinand, hadf faMett early in the morning in the iront of the battle, (Oc- 
tober 14,) and that his army was beaten and dispersed. Hie soon 
deceived otdars to break up ; ni his rapid march he every where foanid 
news of the defeat ; harassed by the enemy, who was deceived, he 
reached Brunswick. His father did not as usual come to nveef' faimt 
wounded in body and midd, the aged hero lay on Ids deatlM^d', 
hoping at least that the victor would suffer him to depart in peace to 
his Others, and only provided that the written document concei6sing 
the succession of Frederick William should be drawn up. The 
Duke has t e n e d from his father's sick bed, to join the troops which 
Blucher <to vrbose corps he was attached) attempted to preserve for 
the King. Afler llie most astonishing exeitions, and the most obsti^ 
nate resistance, Bhicher was obliged to capitulate at Lubeck, where 
he had sought shdfter, the enemy's force being such as to render fur^ 
Hver resistance only a useless waste of blood. While this was passing, 
the Duke's fiither had been obliged to fly, carried on a bier, with mt^ 
speakabie pain, to Ottensen, in the Danish territory, near AhoM; 
he was not to have even the consolation of dying in the arms of his 
beloved son. He was sCQI living when Lubeck f<^, (November 7.) 
He was no more when his son reached Ottensen, (November 10^) 
The capitulation of Lubeck put an end to the Duke's military career, 
fbr ltH9 i9wr rand the citcunstaaces' of the times, irith the peculiar 



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MIUTARY NOT1GB6 OF TBE 

relatians resuUiiig ftom them, induced km to a^iply for his diftmiMioii 
from Ihe Prussian service. 

The unexpected decease-ef his eldest brother, the Hereditary Pxiooe, 
in the mon^ of September ofthe same year, and the «f[reeaieiit con* 
eluded by him, ivith his two brodiers, called him, on the deetas^ ^ 
his father, to the goverameot of the ipatrimonial dominioiis. bi-of4er 
to attend to the concerns of his States, be remained as aear to thfoi 
as he couMj namely, at Altona, ardently langiag to rejoin his beivvad 
Duchess. He several times went ovar jbo Sweden, whither she hi^l 
fled» in order to see her, and at bst mrevailed upon her toMve with 
him at a small oountry<Jiouse near Ahona. The TVealy of Tilsil 
haidng deceived his expectations, and robbed him of his domintom» 
which were incorporated with the few kingdom of Westphalia, he 
rating with his consort to Bruch^jal, unconscious that I#e4mp of his 
misfortunes >vas not yet foV. 

Ob the OQth of Api^, 1808, be Wftt fap» amiable consort, jspd with 
her fled all his hapyinem- In the flower of her ag^, havi^giii^fa^ 
attained her 20th year, this e^ellent princess, wife» and n^E^h^^a^Jlcv 
beiAg delivered of a atiU-bora dai:^htei:, was nea^v^ to a^ bett^ li(^ 

After her d^h, littk cr nothing waa known reapeoting him* 4^41 
the ruptuae betwec«> Austeia and Fianee, in ApHl t808|».ttie On^ 
waa in BohenMa, where he was endeavouring to saiie an jndapendnnt 
eoi3>s of Mack hussars. More fortunaAe than SchiU» who had:idbna4y 
pcjrished at Stral&und, the Duk«e bi^M his new military -caxear by 
making an incursion into.the kingdom ^ Saxopiy, in n^ nn ct jo n nyitfa 
a coips of A|i9tKiao tiio^s. They were, however^ obtged to ifwnr 
cuate Leipsic and Dresden, on the appipoa^ of n coyadefftWe fonoe, 
composed of f)i^Xch sMud WirstpbaUans. The D^ke of Bmaswsok^ 
Oels aivl GenmU Am £nde retbod fr^m Driven in a wesfem di* 
rection towards Francofua, into which the Anslaiani^ had pcnKtnpted 
from Bohemia in copaidierahle force, under the comapind of i^ieulo* 
nant Field-Marshal Kiemaayer. The airJniatiice isim^^M^ ^^ Znayttt 
in cons^e^uence of the batlle of Peutsch Wa^^m, tamijni^ ^^ 
contest in that counliy also, and d^pijw^ the Duhe of the GO-«|M»a« 
tion of the Amtrian troops. They evacuated Dresden, whicb they 
bad a secpnd tinie occupied, and wMtvlrew iM^nd the Bfohemiaa 
frpti^itiers. 

Meanwhile, the Duke of Brunswick b^d likewise evacuated aome of 
^he ftoces /of whic^ he had tak<n poffs^sian, bnt still leinained in Ihe 
£c;;gebirge, without being purs^ied either by the ^axons or Weatpha-f 
li^uv. For some time he appeared un4ecided wlpe^er he ahouU jim 
t)ie Austrian^ in Bayxenth, of adopt a d^flferent ptan» It |s u<»trium^ 



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DUICE OF BBVN$l|<rlC|C.. SQ7 

tlrcr> uiipr#bable» that be procf ed^ Air%r Xq t|ie w^at> as )i» ^^' 
▼fmced pq»ts arc saic) t(f bave l^en sp^p nefir F|ilda, |a prri^r t^ ii^Ut 
l^ bU adypri^i^ in suspect Jp bjs re^ ip^eptipD^. ^p this aft it 
mny, tbe unfortunate events in tbe course of Jujy fixed bis re9o)ii- 
tipn. He diEiterHW^ ^o <iu>^ Germ^Dy, virb^re fortuDe did qp^ s^em 
to smile op the cause which be bad e§po|i^ed> apd to conduct b?9, 
coips to the £BgJiisb> of whose gfje^it preparation^ for an expi^ditipi) to 
the Continent the forei^ p)|pers w^^ ^\ th# timie so fu)!. 

The di^culties which opposed tl^f ^l^i^^^^Pfi of th^s undertajfif^ 
wece inouperable. |t wjis not t^l b^ l^aff travelled a spac^ of ne^r 
900 n^ ^ be could bope to rejjjch tj^e ,c9asts c^f ^be QfVmn 
OcesMu His rpntc Hy ^pi|g|> cpijn^ps ^hipb wec^ not w^pjjy <jps- 

ti^^ of h^sjtii^ trwps* 

Thft current accp^ts s)l^d tb.e pprp«f of the Duke pf Brvpswic)c 
to l^ve been jcpmpletely dispersed and j^nihil^ted ; the inhabitants 
pf MjipsM: weit, it^fyfe, npt 9 ^p^ fmP^» ^^^» ^ ^^^^ *" *® 
ippming of the Sl^th pf July, be entjered th^ city wf^ l,jW)0 men, 
Ifffi of whop werf cairaUy^ ^er ^ ^niart action before the iniif^ 
g^les. It is pot unhl^ely that JLhp Quji^e had reason to be dissatisfied 
with some^bWg X^hich ,h«\d pcpprred ,d.nrin|[ )i\s fprn^er occfipatipn of 
^ ^ : ^' ^ cf^titxip^tion, tbP.n^ a y^ry moderate one, amo}intin|| 
lo j«Q more^ th^ff 1^>9Q0 dollar?, was imppfed ; ^d this, we believ^ 
was the poly requisition of tt^ kind n^ade by the Duke durjpg hi^ 
whole flMTch. H^ puen 9I9P exeici^ the ri^ht of retaliation on 
«BTenil fMiTson^ who bad given X)^^ cause pf offence during and after 
thevretreat 

On the 27th of July the Duke arrived at Halle, and, with unpa- 
ralleled celerity, ppnu^ his route by way of Ebleben, to Hall^r- 
staMit, v^hich place Colonel Count Wellingerode, Grand Marshal pf 
the P^d^ce to the JCing of )Ves.tphalia, entered with the 5th regiment 
of foot, pn the afternoon of the 30th of July. Tbe same evening, 
the Pi^'s corps af^peared before the gates with six pieces of cannon. 
I^hcenemy, though destitute of cavalry and artillery, made an obsti- 
1^ i£sistaQce,.but was at length overpowered, after a bloody conflict, 
^p^bic^h WAS continued for some time, in the streets of Halberstadt 
7]he Duke, ^o had fought ip the ranks of hb black Qussars, invited 
l^s ofker^ to .table, (to .wbich he was often accustomed to sit down in 
ppblicX Fb^e he was sturrpunded by spcb a concourse of people, 
t]^ ht was ftequently obliged to request them to stand back. He 
fM^eared simply dressed in ,the pniform of his corps, and wi^out 
llty p)!|h«t decoration than tbe order cooierred on him by the Prussian 



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MILITABT NOTICES OF THE 

He now directed hit course towards hb natife city. Late in tiie 
evemof of the 81st of July, he entered Brunswick, on whose ramparts, 
wrapped in a cloak, he passed the night. What must hav« been the 
feeUngs of the Pr'nce, when he beheld the Palace, once the re^enoe 
of his illustrious ancestors, his own cradle, and the theatre of his jtr- 
tenile years ; when he traversed the streets, in which his parent luri 
so often been seen attended by crowds of happy nfottals, who wwled 
the father of his people, to pay him the eloquent tribute of grateful 
tears ; when he encountered the anxious and timid looks of those 
who once hoped to see the prosperity and the glory of their country 
augasented by him, whom alone, from among his three sons, lus aged 
fiitber had deemed worthy to be his successor t Tliese^vere, periiaps, 
the most painful moments experienced by this Ugfa-sphritedPrinee, 
since the sable genius of Auerstadt eclipsed die sf^endour of the 
House of Welfs. Fate seemed to show him onoe more the happy 
land to which he was the rightful heir, to make him the more keenly 
sensible of his loss. The reflection, that he had retmmed to a eoUutry 
which onee was his, and which he once hoped to leave to his hopefkl 
oftpring, as a fugitive, to whom those lips which ought to have 
sworn fealty, scarcely durst address the accents of compassion, must 
have wrung his heart. He^ nevertheless, r^mned suflkient str e ng t h 
of mind to conduct himself with exemplary moderatioir ; and, aatidst 
die ^oom of hn feelings, he was not abandoned by th^ ligfat of 
wisdom. If he could not confer happiness, neither would he inrolve 
others in his own calamity ; but, in a proclamation, magbanimoudy 
recommended to Ins beloved countrymen, to be obedient to their 
present rulers. 

The Duke durst not take any loUg repose at Brunswick, as he was 
closely pressed on all sides. The Westphalian O^eral, Rewbd, con- 
centrated 4,000 men of his division at Ohoff ; Geoetul Gratien had 
set out with a Dutch division from Erfurt, and was approaching the 
coasts of the German Ocean ; while Lieut. Gen. EwaM, with a corps 
of Danish troops, crossed from Gluckstadt over the Elbe, into the 
Hanoverian territory, to cover the banks of that river. General 
Rewbel was nearest to the Duke, who, in his rapid retreat, had dmBj 
actions with the advanced guard of the Westphalian troops. That 
which was fought in the afternoon of the 1st of August, at Oelper» 
near Brunswick^ in which the Duke's horse was killed by a cannoiiPi 
1>all, was the tUvtnth since the commencement of his retreat in Saxony. 

The next motning he quitted his native city ; and the movemcol 
which he now made, caused it to be generally supposed, that lie iraa 
proceeding to ZeU. Thither the troops under Rewbel, and.odiefSi wc^ 



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DUItE 6f BEtJNSWICK. fi09 

^ordkigly directed tiidr coune. The Dtike, IraiveTflr, nddenty 
made liis iqipearance at Htnover, wtiich he eatered on the morniiig 
ofti»e8d of Augtnt^ and, in the aftetneon^ pursued bis route/ by 
uray of Neustadl» to Nleufouiigh, iffiere he arrived early the next day; 
Here he crossed the Weser. He broke down the bridges behind hin^ 
tad reached Hoya on tiie 4A, In this mamier, he hastened along 
the left bank of the Weser, while part of hia corps, in order to libake 
ft ftlse demonstration, turned off to Bremen. On the erening^ Ibt 
4tli» this detachment possessed itself* of the gates of the cky, and 
hastily departed the next day, to lejoin the corps. 

The Duke, meanwhile, continued his march through the Duchy of 
<Mdenburg, and tiirougfa Ddmenhorst, where be passed the night 
"between the 6th and 6tfa-or' August; and it appeared as if he was 
directing his course towards East Friesetand, with a view to embark oa 
4e coast of that province. This opinion, however, proved erroneous ; 
"for, crossing the Hunta, a small stream which discharges itself into 
the Weser at Huntebirnck, he seised the* com-shipt which had been 
^ing inactire for years at Ebfletb. In these vessels, he embarked 
*bis men iirtbe aight of the 6th, and by force procured a sufficient 
unmber of hands to navigate them, the surrounding' district bong 
chiefly inhabited by seafaring people. On the morning of the 7th» 
the Duke hobted the English flag, set sial, and the following day 
teadied Hdigoiand, with part of hb corps^ That island he quitted 
«n the 11th, and with hb faithful followers proi^eeded to England. 
The English Parliament immediatdy resolved that theDuke'^ troops 
should be takm into the pay of England. The Duke lived at London* as 
bis great ancestor Henry the Lion had formerly done, with his eyes 
constantly turned on his beloved native country. He shared hb tifaie 
between his promising, sons, and his iuthful comrades, whose bainers 
waved pn the plains of SaUmanca and Vittoria. Four yean had thus 
passed, when the thunder of the Battle of Leipsig* recalled him ti^ the 
inheritance ctf his fathers. On the 23d of December, 1619, 'he ar- 
rived at Brunswick ; on the spot where in 1809 he had slept tm the 
bare ground, a temple now stood. Twelve maidens sang a hymn of 
thanksgiving ; idl the spectators were overpowered by their feelings, 
^d a sacred silence reigned in the innumerable multitude. They 
proceeded slowly to the Palace. The Duke was, as usual, in a plain 
black dress ; hb splendour was derived solely from the homage of 
those around him. At the sight of the Duke on his white hors^, 
which seemed to paw the ground with conscious pride, the parents 
Tejciced at hbresemMance to hb deceased* iatber, and the young men 
^t his martial appearance. When they arrived at the palace, the voice 



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900 MILlTAftT NOTICBS OP THE 

q( the vlioli fie^pk n^e to ^evwtn, cluiuiitii^ witli kctitielt dantlioi 
tbe fiivourite bymii of tbe Qemranf,-*" Now (Nwe God," Not a dry 
^fe was ibuDd trnong the crowds and tl|e Diik# hiwsdf wu toe d«iply 
laoved, longer to indolgt in publip the iofluance of this aacKd hpiir. 
Tbe next day, every body haTiog fipee access to faiiii ba made tfaa fo^ 
lowing sf^eeeb to tbe peopie: " Ditfiog aiy abs^ooe, I ba^a Ummt with 
tbe greatest joy, tbe attacbnent and faithfiil devotion of tbe inbabi^ 
taftts of tbe D«ofay of Brunswick to me and my baMa, apd rajoipe tQ 
saa tiiose aooonnts aoafinned by tbe prooft thay have given me ip 
these two last days. It shall be my first aad^ypur to meirit this con- 
fidaace, and the love of the inhabitants of tbe whole conntry* I f4i^ 
l<ad a very retired life, at which I hope qobody will be surppscd, a^ 
it is required partly by my ocoupatiog» part^ by the axbaastad s|a|f 
of tfaefinanees of tiieoeontry- Tba co-opapUiop of all our siibjfcts i# 
now necessary to iasnve the fruits of our diclivaiancie. I bav^ tbr 
confidence, that thair patnotiam will vohintaiHy aupply ma witb tbr 
nacemary troops. I sbail go witb them» and not aanfide thmn to 
aaolfaer* because my dul^ raquires that I pa^^opaUy rtsb mf Uood 
and my life ior tbe good pf my AMthf«4 SMl^acts, and join in com- 
bating for their future bappinass." Faithful^ has be kq>t bis won! ; 
be has laboured adth indafiitigaUe industry; be has Kfad retired; 
he has risked his bb>od an4 his life, and he bas sacrificed tham* On 
tbe bloody day o( tbe 16tb of June, ever^ exartion waa neeosaary to 
aaaintaia the poaition of Quatre Pras; which was the key af Bnissala- 
Though tbe artillei^vras not come up, his young jbrpopf, aninmtedby 
his examplf^ avatained the terriblie shock of tbe Fmncb attack. 
Death, however, mafcaa dreadful ravines in bis ranki; tba paost dia- 
tiagaisbed otficers fell at bis sid^; whole files drop ; bnt the Duke is 
eveiy where preseni ; bis ^ye catches every movaaptent; a word fvum 
him instantly raatores ^rder tp tbe iMrokea nuika. Not fea from bim, 
Prinise Aemhaid of Wajimar mamtaina with hereditary valour the 
q>leiMloar of his name. Without an interval of rqme, the battjb 
xj^ea through tbe whole of the long and sultry day. The aan waa 
ainki^ to the horiaon; tbe s^at of the army waa approaching fipoia 
ita diatant cfntonments in long lines to the field of battle ; tbe paae 
4»f the day was gained, when a ball'paaaad thi^ugh the fiand s^ the 
heart ^of the Duke* He Jmd gathered the lauicels fox jljbe victoriona 
wreaths of the followmg day^ and tiia herajic apiiit aoaaed nyoicbig ta 
the mansioaa of the bleaaad, the m^asengar of victorjy to hia avenged 
lather. 

How hearlily be ai|m»aed the cauae of iqg^timate right and aocial 
4>rder» may be conaeivod ff^m the fact, that thoagh tbe contingeait 



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FAJLL^N HEROBS OP WATERLOO. 30| 

Ht^meAoihim wa»a# iM>fe tiuMi 4,<MH^« be adiuil^ jraifd Uie Allied 
Ibreet with 14yai0: PioYidencc; iiMr«ver, decreed that be ibMiM 
igteijoy tboce fDitsficalMMiit net liveto «ee tbe isetuks of t yictorj^ 
whieh be so bravely contribttted to accouipUsb, by bU perMM4 
eMiiiofe amd Tahmr, aad tbal of bii brave fi>Uoirer8** Tbe Hano^f- 
riam Qovimwent atMWias tfie adiwiistralioii of die I>iidiy durii^ 
tbe laiiMrity •f faii ebleit boy^ aow 10 yeam old« 



la the batde of Oenappe* the fccave Lievt. Col. Macaaa, 4M ro^* 
fiiMBt» K. CX B. whose death wias decfily avenged by bis eovurwies. 
He Was wowadfd^aboitttiKaiiddte^ftbeewgiynwwt, aad was ia tbe 
act of bc^f earned off the field by fear of bis mea^ when a jNirty of 
Fieach iMMq^folodly wiiaftaadtid aad auide iheai all prisooecs* F^^ 
oeifiBg by the Gotondls nianp.roas deeon^ve distiactioas» Aat be 
was an oficer of rank, aad possibly considering tbe diffioatty of ra-. 
taiai«g kaa at a pdaoaer. tbey im a w^ di at el y eat bim dowa» wMb iiis 
fcithW ntlaaiaBti 

Caioael CAauiftoir, arbo aably fett al t)ie bead of bis n^ptaeot 
We baae la fiaedace tbe folloariag hoaomaUe teatimoay of tbe high 
raasidfwrtam ef bis eeao^: 

' < mUMbatf , Jbar Uk.—Tht Prince Regent beiag dtaiaoas of eoa^ 
icmagapaaJobaCaiaeroa. fisq* CoL ia the ara»y^ Liept CoL of the 
Md <|Hi^iiaBd) lagaaeat of Foo^ aad Knig^ of tbe Royal Porta- 
gaese BUhtary Older of Hie Tower aad Swords aucb a SMik of His 
Majeity't ra|^ fiiweac m may i« a spaoial vaaaef efince the aeaae 
be eatcataipM of the bighty disftiaguisbed sandcas -of llpat officer 
apao diirers iaDtpoitaat occeeioes, and aons «ipeciaUy darii^ the 
Moeat gloriotts aad ever^weiaarable eampaipis ia Poilagal, SfMiia* 
and Fiaaot ; aad paitioiikcl^ the sigpal intK^^idilgr displayed by bim 
ia the acrtea eC jkwwya^de Molino; ia the deieDce of the pads of 
Maya ; ia 4be baiUaat aotion wear Bayoane; ia caessiag the liver 
Oave de Mouline; at Arwerete; and ia ooni|NeUing a veiy saperior 
fiMiceaftfie Goeaiy loabaadoa tbe town of Aire; hath beeapleaaed 
ia gnmt aato Abe eaid Col. raaarroa. His .ifayesty's Boyal Uocpee 
md AaAority, ibat be aad his 4e««andaaits nwy bear the faUowiag 
meat of bo a e araMk tmgmfiilatioiv via. : — '' On a wreath, a High* 
Jaadar lof thaMd regiaieot, ansMd a^d aceo^ed. ap to tbe middhi 
aiwaier, giaapingiabis dexlevbaadabiMMiawead^aad iahis siaislar 

* Abc'U'C^apdk, tVk Jnff.— << The Bnke of W«lRiigtMi eaose^ twelve fAecet 
erthelarawoaaeMiaULiateaitheeaeaiyso be dettvtred «s Oriantl OaltraMa, 
«f the BroBswick tniopt, in order to be employed in the moaament whidi is 
lafteadcd tp he e^ecM to his laeiaoiy- 

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3i02 MILITARY NOTICES OF THB 

ti banner, inscribed OTd, widiin a wreath of lauri^l/' and in €9tr6l 
above " Arfiverete," in aUnslon to the signal bravery disphiyed 
by him in farcing a passage through the river Gave de Monline, m 
ftce of a very superior body of the Enemy. 

Captain William Buckley, Royal Scots, fell fbe iMiof Jvoe^ 
whilst leading on his company. He had been in this regiment tMrtaeo 
years, seven of which period he served in the West Indies, as A4|«-> 
tant to the 1st battalion, and was subsequently employed with the 
8d battalion in Spain, France, and Belgium. 

Jmu 17, whilst charging the French Hussars e«4y in the monmg^ 
Major Hodge, 7th Hussars. That reghnent farmed part of th^ ca- 
valry under the Earl of Uxbridge, and was actively engaged, together 
witii the Ufa Guards, in covering the rttraat of the Britbh Amy 
from the attacks of the. Enemy's Lanoera and Coarassiers, as mtm* 
tinned in the Gazette. 

Lient.Gen. Sir Thomas Pf ctoH>* K. G. C. B. aseMoviUe in the 
Peninsular campaigns, began his military career, Septaaaber, 1771, ia 
the 12th regiment of foot; upon the reduction of whidi-regiBnttt, we 
ind' him to have attmned the rank of Captain, and i» the boteai of 
his family in Pembrokeshire, the birth-|^ce and rendence of his an* 
cestors for centuries. Upon the commencement of the Rfcvohitioiiary 
war in 1794, he embarked for the West Indies, where he soon dia* 
Ifaiguisfaed himsdf, and obtained his Majority in the 6ath r eg im o t; 
and the appointment of Depdty Quarter^Master Genendv Upon the 
kppoiintment of a new Genend OiBcer, -he' pTdpoaed tor return to 
Bttrope, but was hidnced to remain «t the fequeat of Sir Ralph 
]ftbercfontbi^, who arrived in 1796 1 this Oenei^ Officer was fMy 
s^aisible of the worth of this Oftcer at this monwMl, and took every 
occafion he could to make his merit conspicuous ; and upmi the cap 
tHre of St Lucie, became the Lieut-Col. of the Wth, aad with his 
Commanding Officer and friend returned to England, iqien the dose 
of the campaign, by the rednction of St. Vmcenfs. 
' The ensuing campaigns hi 1797» from the Undoesis and friendahip 
of his Comman<Mng Officer, he was beooured» ^ in being sflected as 
the best Officer to discharge the duty" of Governor in IViaidads 
the difficulties of his new sitni^on, however, intheresak^ oecaatoned 
many days and years of anxiety, whieii was only to be relkved by the 
esteem, gratitude, and applause of every man c4 probity and prndple 
in the island, notwithstanding the unparalleled exertions of individuals 
to sully his character and ruin his fotftuae, and to r^»derhim an object 
of public daaiear. The 4aw, at lengthy alAongh tardy ia repara^ 

* Vide particulars of his fall in Circumstantial DetsHs, page SSmad 37 precedias. 

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FALLEN HEEOJB& OF WATBftI.OO. 308 

fion, proclaimed him innocent of the clmrges attributed to Um, and 
▼indicated hia hcuiour, which from the first he had boldly defended. 

In 180P« we find Major-General Picton^ comavuidUig a brigade 
of an army sent to rescue Holland &om the French, and was at the 
siege of Fhkibing, cf whi^^i town» after its surrender, be was ap*- 
pointed Gpyerpor: he there rendered himself coospicMoua for his 
hui|i9i|it^ to the natives, and to the siek and woui^led soldiers. Du- 
ring his stay at Waicheren, he caught thc^ fever, and came home eor 
feebled and emaciated ; fortunately for his Country, his health was 
restored. Instantly, and even beliMre he could be said to have re- 
assumcf) his tone o^ health, his active services were revquired in Pa»- 
togal, liifhere be comuiaBded the9d dii^ision.of the British army; ii| 
which comnmnd, bis 4ea}, cefenty« and courage, soon distinguished 
itself^ and from the situation m wUch the fortune of war had con- 
tinually placed them, became noticed as the fighting division. 

In all the battles ip the Penhisutar war, the division which heeom- 
maoded was plao^d in the post of honour, and ne^er fiiiled to justify 
the confidence reposed ip itsgallpuit Commander. The capture erf* 
Badi^oe was principally owing to his resolution and presence of minfl, 
in converting a feint into a veal |ittack, and thus gainii^ possession of 
SI castle which overlooked, the phiqe. His services were continued 
daring the whole of the Peniipdiilar vmr, excepting that he was oblig^ 
from iU-health to resign for a tim# previous to the battle of Sala- 
manca, when, the command of his division was entrusted to the late 
gallant Sir Edward Pakenham, who bravely. led it to victory ^ Belorip 
the battle of Vitloria, o^r hero was suffici^^y recovered to resupe 
the coramiod^ and in this battle his division fic^ in a manoaf 
yrhicb at. once excited aoclamatiiw and surprise; for nearly four 
honrs^ did it aloo^ sustain the voequal force opposed to it^of which 
th^ whole army, from the peculiar natare of the groi^, wep^e wit- 
Besftes. General Pietoki continued with the army mntil jts «i^raoee 
into France. In a word be was the very soul of honour* The pupil 
of Sir Ralph Abetcrombie, he never disgraced his General and his 
Ariend. In private life Sir Thomas Picton was kind, humane, bene- 
.Toknt, and charitable. He discharged wijth strictness all the sociiil 
and relative duties ; and, in the audst of the severest persecution, 
never lost that equanimity of temper which pious integrity alone can 
imfMurt* The Duke of Wellington, in his dispatch, passes a just 
ettlofiumon bia worth. (See Gaitette.) As soon aa our army, wi|s 
sent to Flanders, Government, it is stated, offered him the command 
of a division ; but apprehending the Duke of Wellington, as Com- 
mander-in-Chief, would leave the British force to some officer in 



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S04 MILITARY NOTFCES OF THE 

who«i> he tordd not repose the same confldenee, he declined the oB^, 
adding, howerer, if the Duke should personally require his services, 
he would iostantfy repair to the army. This requisition was made — 
and the General left* town oo June 11 A, and on the ISth terminated 
his hoBoumkle career m the field of glory ! He had made his wii 
before his departure — he did not expect to return ; but obsenred tb 
a firieod, that when he heard of his death, he wouM hear of a bK>ody 
day. Aks ! hk prediction was too Kteraily Terified ! — ^The foOowifig 
phasing trait b fab character may be reliad on:— Some time afto 
refinqaashhig tfie government of IVmidad, the inhabitants voted him 
MOOO as a testimony of their esteem. When a dreadfbl fire laid the 
tiapitsd in ashes some time afler tfifo, a subscription was opened i&r 
tte refief of die sufferers, and the General eagerly sec^ fiie oppor^ 
tttuity of appropriating the £600a to that object ! ^ His r e m ai ns, 
were landed at TMI, June the 3dth. Minnie-guns were fired fran 
ail Ae ships in the I>owns, while the body was conveyed to the 
beaehy where all the Natal and hfilitary were dimwn up to receive i^ 
The body reached Canterbury the same evening, and was deposited 
in the custody of a guard of honour, m the same room at the Foun- 
tain inn, where, on that same day fortnight, the General had dined, on 
his way to embaork. At six on the SOtb, the body proceeded, accom* 
panied to the extremity of the city, by the 52d regiment, wilb re^ 
versed arms, the band pfoymg the Dead March in Saul — On the ai 
of Jttly, the remains of this distinguished oflker were deposited in tiie 
ftmily vault, in the burial-groand of St. George's Hanover-Square, on 
the Uxbridge roc^, attended by his hoPoAer, the Rev. £dw»d Pictoit, 
and nmny officers and gentlemen of distinction. A great concourse 
of peof^ assembled, to witness the impressive scene. On the cofin 
was inscribed: ** Lievt.-Gen. Sir Thomas Pkton, aged 67» G* C. 1« 
who fell at tile great and deeistve battle cd Waterloo, id Ffamders, on 
the 18th of June, I81&, between the French Army, oooMnanded by 
Napoleon Buonaparte, and the EngNih Army, oommandod by hk 
Grace die Duke of Welfiagton.'* 

In the list of those who Ml gloriously in the hoar of victory, stands 
conspicuons the name of Mi^ Robebt CAinNBS, of the Royal 
Horse Artttery. Nature had marked him as hef ftvowile. Endued 
with a streng^ and activity of mind that are rarely surpassed, he 
carried them into his profession with the happiest result to tmnself 
and the service. Ah undaunted bravery, an eaquisite sense of ho- 

* The Duke of Qaeeosbenry, with a nobleness of Bplrit, offered 5000/. to Sit 
T. Picton, on the close of his prosecution by Col. F. ; but he politely refused it, 
with die highest sense 6f gratitude to the donor. 



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TAllEN HEROES OF WAtStttOO. 305 

nocnr, a co^l Md dlveiittilfiatitig, though quick judpiemeBt, aukl a «le«dy 
pen^YCiraiice, Vftte his pecalUr chamcteristicd as a ^Mier • a aeU^ 
and genenottd temper, an undetktiBg sweetness of dispositkm, a most 
^g^g^g person, atad niaBiiers highly polished and anivetsally amia- 
ble, werie Ms q^aliflcatioiis as a member of society ; a heart the most 
afiecttonate, and an utbanity the most eoncHiating, completed Ms 
character in the dfifferent relations of son, brother^ aad friend. Adored 
by his femily,. beloted by his brother officers, and respected by the 
world, this g^ant man met the death his noble spirit ever panted fi)r> 
in the SOth year of his age, and left behind lum unutterable regrets 
for his fiite — to his friends indeed unlimely> but to himself raaturedk 
The truth of tfkfe sketch wifi be atteiled by those who knew and 
loyed its subject, while he who traces it is conscvMM of Us iaabittty 
to do it justice. By ^ female line, Mi^or Caimes was the eldest 
branch of the famMy of that name, to whom a Baronetcy was graaited 
by a patent in the reign of Queen Anne, bat which has been dor^* 
mant since the death of Sir Alexander Caimes, w^o was killed at tha 
battle of Minden. 

CiAond FE&lftioE, of the Life Oaards, fell on the 16th of June, 
fle led his regiment to the dmrge no less than dcfven times ; ind 
most of ^e ^hii^ges Were net made till atfiber his bead had been laid 
open by the cnt of a sabre, and his body was pierced with a lance. 

Lieut-Col. % FftAlvcta I>'OtIiT, K.C.B. of the IstRegnnent 
of Foot GHmrds, la %is 8lMi y^mt. He was the thivd mn of the Her* 
Matthias D'Oyly, Recftor of Bmted, Sussex, aiMl Archdeacon of 
Lewes, fie edtered into Ms Majesty's service, in the lat RegioMat 
of 'Girards, in ibe^ear 1794 ; and since that period has been engaged 
in most of the principai mHitary enterprises which hanie taken place 
in the hite wars. In the expedition to ^ Helder, in 1799, be acted 
as Aide-de-camp to his late uncle, Qeaeral D'Oyly. In 19M, he ae- 
co m j ^ni e d bis raiment to Sicily, and remained th^e about two yeanw 
From the first breaking out of the Peninsular war, to the close of it, 
he was, with Tery litde exo€|>tion, engaged on various mtttary duties in 
Spain : he was present in the whole of Sir John Moore's campaign 
and retreat to Conuma; he afterwards spent a considerable time at 
Cadii, while that city was besieged by the French { and, lastly, under 
the Duke of WellingtoQ, he held the aituationof Asaittant Acyutaalr 
Oenend to one' of the divisions of the army, chiefly to that com- 
manded by the Earl of Dalhousie. Holding thb situaticm, he was 
engaged in all the great engagements which crowned the Duke of 
. WeUingtoD's campaigns with such distiagubhed success ; in the several 
battles of Salamanca, Vittoria, the Pyrenees, Orthes, &c.; and acr 



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306 MILITARY NOTICB9 OF THB 

compitidl L«rd . J>aUi(HMie'« 4ivMi#D of the my to ftounlettts* 
Haviim recttted several medals for the share he bore in these pnii* 
eipal engagements, he was created one of the Knights Commasders 
of tfaue Order of the Bath» on the lale extension of the honouts of 
tUat order^ DMring the whole of the late battles on the 16th and 
18|th of June, he was- closely engaged with the Enemy, and for a 
long time e8ca|>ed unhort. At last, towards the dose of the action 
of the 18th, in the very last charge to which his regiment was led 
ag^nsk the broken and yielding Enemy, he received a wonnd £rom 
a musket-bali in a vitid part of his body, and fell dead from his horse. 
He was a 'brave. and active oiicer, ardently and zealously attached 
to his profession, diligent in the punuit of the knowledge that be> 
longs to itp an WHS to bear a part in Its more active services, and to 
share its dangers and its glories. He has &llen, sincerely and deepl^p 
lamented by hisirelatioDs, and by a large circle of fidend^ whose 
esteem and regard he had justly conciliated by many valuable and 
ftxeeUent qualilies in. private li£e* 

Lieut.-Col. Richard Fitzgerald, Captain in the 3d Regimen| 
of Life Guards. The distinguished share which the brigade of Life 
Guards had in contributing by their irresistible charges to the gloi- 
rious result of that ever-memorable day^ is a m^t^r of gfOMmif uor 
toriety, as it was of admiration, to the ^J;ade» XbMt, witnesse4 it^ 
aohievemenlB. AnMHig those whose gaUa^jtry was crowned with a 
death of glory, none was more conspicuous than Col. Fitzgerald : 
he was the only officer of his regiment who was killed ; he did- i^tw 
however, fall till he had the satisfit^tion of witjnessing the triumph of 
the British army. Towards the c\Qi^ of the action, being advanced 
in the front of his reg^ent^ leading it in. pursuit of the flying £Qf^^» 
be was killed by a cani^n-shot.* 

Miyor Havitlyn^ 98d Regiment, ((loyal Welch Fusit^r^,. an 
offioer who had greasy distinguished IMnMeff with his regiment, a^ 

* A plsio moBBflMBt is erected lor ^ noble sacrifice to his Coo^ry's 
hoaour, in the Church of Waterloo, with the following inscription : ** Sacred te 
the Memory of Lieat.-Col. Fitzgerald, of the fd Regt of Life Giiards of 
H. B. Majesty, who died gloriously in the Battle of La BeOe Alliance, June 
18, tB15, in the 4l9t year of his age. He cnrries wifth hhn the ■Mttprstoni 
and sfaicere regrets of his relations and fiiands.. To the most manly fortitude 
he added ail the Tirtnes that could do honour to the. |^rof<^ioa«,and fia^^ hinpi 
beloTsd in private and social life." 

*^ Aux mtmei da plu$ vertueux da Komme$, gMrdkmad ^Umiii tegreiiide m 
fitmOe ade$e9 amU^ ie LUutenmii CoUmei RiMrd FiiagmM, de' Im Owdr dm C^ps 
deSa 9himi4 Bri4mmif^, M gkr km emmi i it Im BtkMid^JUBOUAUimee^U 
IS Jiiia, leid." 



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FALLEN HEROES OF WATERLOO. SO? 

Hie Storming of Badajoz, of Sahmanca, and in all the operations of 
the amy in the Peninsula. 

CnARLES JOLLiPFE, Captain in the 23d Regiment, R; W. P. He 
was the youngest son of T. S. Jolliffe, Esq. of Ammerdown, county 
•<c4 Somerset, formerly representative in Paiiiament for the borough 
of Petersfield. Constantly engaged in actire duty, the first year$ of 
his service, after the ^iege of Copenhagen, were employed in North 
America and the West Indies. Upon the reduction of Martinique, 
he returned with his regiment to Halifax, and from thence to Enrope ; 
where he served several campaigns in the Peninsula. Scarcely reco- 
vered from a severe wound received in the brilliant action of Orthes, 
he embarked with his hattalion for the Netherlands, and> on the me- 
morable 18th of June, fell with his brave comrades in his country's 
cause ! 'thus defeating the well-founded hope entertained by all who 
knew his superior merits, of his attaining the highest honours in bis 
profession. 

Lieut. Foster of the Royals, killed by a cannon-ball on the 18th 
of June, in the battle of Waterloo, son of the Rev. Mr. Foster, of 
Kingston, near Taunton. 

Lieut. Elliot Duncan Johnson, 9drth regiment, by a cannon- 
shot, third son of Lient.-Gen. Johnson, of the East India Company's 
service ; a young man whose amiable disposition and engaging man- 
ners had endeared hiin to the regiment, as well as to hw num^ous 
family, who in him will long lament the loss of a most affectionate 
son and brother. 

Lieutenant-Colonel CURRIE. — Amongst the gaUant heroes Who 
have fallen in the defence of their country, on the ever memorable 
18th of June, on the plains of Waterloo, few are more lamented than 
Lieutenant-Colonel Currie, of Dalebank, in Annandale, Assistant Ad- 
jutant-General on Lord Hill's Staff. This excellent and valuable 
officer received his commission at the early age of 13, from the Duke 
of York, in consequence of the meritorious conduct of his father in 
the army, and, for a period of above 20 years, had been constantly 
distinguishing himself in actual service. He fought bravely, and was 
i^verely wounded, under Sir Ralph Abercrombie, in Egypt; and 
Served for several years in the West Indies, by which his health was 
greatly impaired. He was also actively employed as an Aide-de- 
Camp to Lord Hill, the whole of the war in the Peninsuk and in 
France; where be conducted himself with such ability and bravery, 
as repeatedly on the field of battle to receive the thanks of the Com- 
mander-in-Chief ; and particularly at Talavera, at the passage of the 
Douro, Almarez, and Aroyo de Molinos. It b nfelancholy, although 



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SOS MlJLITAftY NOTICES OF THB 

glorious to record, that Lienteusunt-Coloiiel Cutrie was the tenth of 
this gallant and amiable family who have noUy sacrificed their lives 
ip dei«nce of their King and Country* six of whom have died on Ihe 
field of battle. 

Lieut-Col. CHARiiBS Fox Canning, who fell io the hOetse* 
mendous conflict at Waterloo, had served with the Duke of WelKng- 
ton as his Aide^de-Camp during the whole of the Peninsular war, and 
was with him in every action and siege from the battle of Talavera to 
that of Orthes. At the teroiination of the war he went to BnisaeK 
where his re^^iment was quartered, and was preparing to go into die 
field with it, when the Duke accidentally met him in the street, when 
he was received with the usual cordiality, and the next day h6 had the 
inexpressible gratification of finding himself restored, without soUct* 
tation, to the honourable situation he bad held through so many cam- 
paigns. The affecting particulars of his last moments we cannot 
help repeating, as a proof, that among many other splendid qualities^ 
the Duke of Wellington eminently possesses the power of engaging 
the affections of his officers, whose most anxious thoughts seen 
always directed toward the safety of their Commander. — ^Towards 
the close of the action of the 18th, Lieutenant-Colonel Canning 
received orders from the Duke to carry a message of importance to 
a distant part of the line : he had delivered it and was returning, 
when a grape-shot struck him in the stomach : he fell, and hb fnend. 
Lord March, immediately rode up to hb assbtance. As he ap^ 
preached him, the Colonel raised himself up, and with eagerness de- 
manded if the Duke was safe ? Being assured that he was, he seemed 
satbfied, and said — " God bless him !" Then taking the hand of the 
Nobleinan who had so kindly come to hb assbtance, he had jnst 
strength enough to say — ** God bless you !" and expired. 

Captain the Honourable William Cu&zon, who fell in the battle 
of Waterloo, was the fourth son of Lord Scarsdale. He was edih 
cated at the jmiior department of the Mihtary College, and entering, 
1607, the 9th Foot, at the age of 16 — he was with this corps in all 
the great Peninsular operations, and towards their close was promoted 
to a company in the 00th Regiment^ and he was appointed Aide^e- 
Camp to Lord Ayhner : hb conduct acquired then the regard of all» 
and wjas honoured by the firiendship of the Duke of Wellington and 
the Prince of Orange, to whose Staff he was tfab year .appointed* 
On the great day, when in theeaecution of hb duty, riding with hb 
friend. Lord March, he received a ball in his chest, and instantly fieU 
on hb face, exclaiming, '* Good bye, dear March." Hb gallant 
companion rendered him every assistance, but in vain. Lord BCaich 



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FALLEN HEROES OF WATBB,U)0. ' 309 

theit, firom a movement of tke French Cuirassiers, was calling to the 
Nassau troops to form a square, and to resist^ the threatened attack; 
Captain Curzon even then, foi^etful of himself and his situation, 
hearing his firend animating the Nassau levies, with a self devotion 
worthy of the proudest days of Qreece and Rome, faintly joined as 
he was expiring — *' That's right, well done, my clear March/' 

Major-Gen. Sir W. Ponson^by. The remains of this gallant Ge- 
neral were deposied in the family vauit ^t Kensington, belonging to 
his noble ancestors in the female line, on the 10th of July. Engknd 
has not a more accomplished officer, nor society i^ more amiable 
man, than was Sir W. Ponsoaby. He was naturally diffident, welt*bred, 
and unassuming, with a singleness of mind and simplicity of cha- 
racter, both of which were so strongly expressed in bis countenance, 
as to induce a prepossession, which his genuine worth secured. He 
owed his appointment solely to his merit, and was selected for that 
alone by the illustrious Duke, as both himself and family held oppo- 
site politics to his Grace* His conduct justified the choice, for 
probably a more timely, a more brilliant, and a more successful 
charge Was never made, than by General Ponsonby, on the mormng 
of the 18tb, who, with his brigade, succeeded in makiqg 2000 pri- 
soners, and in taking two Eagles. He fell, covered with wounds^ 
and with glory, in hb 4dd year. Most of those who accompanied 
thebr Commander, shared his fate. (Particulars of hk fall, $ee 
. Vol. IL in an account of the operations of his brigade.) 

CoL Sir William Delancey, Deputy Quarter-Master-Genera], 
K. C. B. This brave officer, whenhe was raised for medical assbtauoe» 
conceiving his death equally inevitable and near, entreated to be laid 
down again to abide his fate, without giving useless trouble* In this 
situation, he remained till the morning when he was founds in the 
course of attention to other sufferers, to be still alive ; and hopes 
were for some entertained of his recovery. 

Col. Hamilton, of the Greys, fell gloriously at the head of his 
regment. 

In the moment of victory, pierced with honourable wounds, while 
bravely charging the Enemy, with his gallant invincible xegimenty 
CoL Sir H.,W. Ellis, 23d regiment, son of the late Major-Gen. Ellis, 
of Kempsey, near Worcester, and nephew of William Joyner, Esq* 
of Berkeley, country of Gloucester. Bred up in the army from his 
earliest youth, this gallant soldier distinguished himself in almost every 
quarter, where the exertions of the British were called forth, having 
received no less than nine wounds in different actions, in Holland^ 
]^pt, and the Peninsula. Upon several occasions, he received 



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SIO MlLlTAItY NOtlCES OF tHt 

tokens of his Sovereign's approbation and rose to considerable rank, 
at an early period of life, being not more tlian 35 at the time of his 
death. 

Lieut Richard Magniac, of the 1st Royal Dragoons. He 
entered the army from a decided prediliction for the profession of 
arms, and actuated by a high sense of honour, and a desire to dis- 
tinguish himself, fell in his first campaign on that memorable day, 
*' after behaving most gallantly." Although returned as misbing in 
the official returns of the battle, the length of time that has elapsed 
without any intelligence, compels his afflicted family, with the deepest 
sorrow to conclude, that he did not survive ; and to seek the only 
consolation that remains to them in the testimonial of his Command- 
ing Officer, ** that he died like a brave and gallant soldier in a glorious 
cause." 

Major Robert C. Packe, Royal Horse Guards, (second son cff 
€. J. Packe, Esq. of Prestwould,) who fell in the second charge, 
leading his squadron against a column of cuirassiers. He killed the 
officer commanding the squadron opposed to him, and was run through 
the body by a private on the side of that officer. He lost one horse 
before, and was then mounted on a troop horse. This brave and 
estimable man was continually the first among the enemy, for on the 
near approach, he redoubly spurred his horse and quitted his station 
in the ranks, and dashed into the enemies. In a previous charge, he 
and his opponent had dismounted each other, and their horses went 
into the ranks of its enemies. As a testimonial of his general cha- 
racter, and their reverence to his memory, his Brother Officers have 
caused a marble monument, from a simple, elegant, and appropriate 
design, by Hopper, to be erected in St. George's Chapel, Windsor. 

In the destructive charge of the 1st Life Guards, Capt. Montagu 
LiND, of that regiment, only son of Edward George Lind, Esq. of 
Stratford Place, and brother-in-law to Sir Felix Agar. 

In his 23d year, Newton Chambers, son of the Hon. Jane 
Chambers. He was a Captain in the 1st Guards, and Aide-de-Camp 
to Sir Thomas Picton, by whose side he fell, at the close of the 
contest, a few minutes after that lamented General. 

Capt HOBHOUSE, 69th Regiment of Foot, second son of Sir B. 
Hobhouse, Bart. M. P. He had volunteered, with his accustomed 
spirit, to act as Sir Colin Halkett's orderly, in conveying commands 
to the different regiments of the brigades. WhiUt on hoiheback^ and 
ridbg about in a very hot fire, he displayed a sang-froid and courage, 
which was remarkable to all. At a most critical period of this san- 
guinary day« when the regiment was closely engaged wiA a strong 



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VALLSN HEROES OF WATBRU>0. 311 

body of Impenal Guard of Infantry, being a Tery conspicuous mark, 
he was struck by a ball on the cheek, and spoke no more. Thus 
fell in his 25th year, a highly estimable man, and one of his country's 
most promising soldiers. 

Lieut. William L. Robe, of the Royal Artillery, son of Colonel 
Sir William Robe, K. C. B. was one of the most distinguished members 
of bis corps, and the profession terminated his bright career in the 
Brittle of Waterloo, near La Haye Saint. This gallant officer entered 
t|be army, the dd of October, 1806, as a second Lieutenant in the 
Royal Artillery, and was promoted to a first Lieutenancy, the 28th of 
June, 1806. During eight years of service, he was thirty three times 
ip presence of the Enemy in action, frequently at the side of his 
fyijier, pr in the same field. He had the sini^ular honour, as a subal- 
tern officer, to be distinguished for his conduct by the Duke of Wel- 
lington, and m copsequence a medal and clasp for the battles of the 
Nivelle, and the Nive, have been transmitted to his family. With his 
latent breath, he sent a message to his father, to assure him he died 
like a soldier. The loss of su^h a son. Sir William Robe must, as a 
fiither, ever regret— as a soldier, however, he cannot fail, with noble 
pride, to con:>ider his having reared him as a service rendered to his 
country beyond reward. His brother officers, in testimony of their 
high esteem and personal attachment, have requested to raise to bis 
memory, a tablet in the Church of Warerloo. 

Lieut-Col. Thomas, 3d Battalion, 1st Guards; the worthy young 
soldier who obtained his rank by merit, was at an early age placed 
as Ensign in the East Middlesex Militia, from which he volunteered 
to accompany the expedition to. Holland, 1799, and received promo- 
tion for his gallant conduct there, from the Duke of Gloucester, who 
also honoured him with his esteem and friendship. At the battle of 
Salamanca he was particularly mentioned in the dispfitches froiu Lord 
Wellington for the gallantry of his conduct^ and at the termination of 
the war was promoted to the ipank of Lieutenant Colonel. He pos- 
sessed a most excellent natural capacity, leaving nothing unattained 
which he had once applied to, without seeming to aspire to gain 
este<^m, be was beloved by old and young, his rehgion was real and 
unaffected, and his honour and duty to his country, never on his 
tongue, but ever dearest to his heart in practice. 

Capt. Thomas Cassan, of the 32nd Regiment. l*his gallant 
youth, was wounded in the battle of the 1 8th, but concealed bis 
situation, and continued in the field with that manly resolution, intre- 
pidity, and disregard for personal danger, which always distinguished 
hm ; his fall is deservedly regretted by his brother officers ai^d all 
who knew him. He was the son of the late John Cassan^ Esq. Cap- 



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312 MILITARY NOTICES OF THB 

tain in the 56th Regiment, and had been in the 32d Regiment from 
Ensign to Lieutenant and Captain, and had served in the East Indies. 

Tn his 18th year, the Hon. Henry Boylb Bernard, Comet in 
the Ist Dragoon Guards, fifth son of the Earl of Bandon ; his Lord- 
ship lost another son, Hon. Francis Bernard, 9th Light Dra- 
goons, in the Peninsular Campaign. 

Comet Lemmbl Shuldham of the Scotch Greys; t fine youth, 
beloved and admired by all who knew him. He fell in that glorioiis 
and brilliant charge made (about 2 o'clock) by the Heavy Horse npoB 
the Lancers. 

June 17, near Bmssels, in consequence of a severe wound oil 
the preceding day, in his 24th year, Lieut. E. M. WiGdTWiCK, aoth 
regiment of Foot, fifth son of William Wightwick, Esq. of New 
Romney, Kent 

June 19. At Brussels, of wounds received the preceding day, 
Lieut-Col. Miller, of the Guards. In hb last mortal scene, he 
displayed the soul and spirit of a hero. On being wounded, he re- 
quested not to be removed, saying the ball had done for him ; he 
then added, ** But I have the consolation of knowing that I have led 
on my brave fellows against the Enemy, and fallen at their head." 
He sent for Col. Thomas, and said, **\ feel I am mortally wounded ; 
but I am pleased to think it is my fate rather than yours, whose life 
b involved in that of your young Ivife." After a pause, he said 
faintly : '' I should like to see the colours of the regiment, before I 
quit them for ever.** They were brought, and waved round hb 
wounded body. His countenance brightened, he smiled, declared 
himself well satisfied, and was carried from the field. 

Jtme 20. At Brusseb, of a wound received at Waterloo, Lieut 
Col. Stables, 1st Foot Guards, of Great Ormead, Herts. 

Major the Hon. Frederick Howard, 10th Hussars, second soo 
of the Earl of Carlble. Hb remains have been brought over to En- 
gland. The whole afflicted family of the Earl of Carlisle were so 
anxious to recover, if possible, the remains of this their gallant rela- 
tive, that the Duke of York wrote to t£e Duke c^ Wellington, request- 
ing that every endeavour might be made to effect it. On inquiry it 
was found that two serjeants of the lOth Hussars had interred him 
on the field. They were in consequence dispatched' from Paris for 
this purpose ; and, on traversing this wide field of blaughter, were 
fortunate enough to discover the place of sepulture, from which they 
immediately dug up the remains of their beloved officer, enclosed 
them in a leaden shell, with which they were provided, and took them 
to Brussels, from whence they were conveyed to England. 

In consequence of wounds received in the battle of the 16tfa June, 



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FALLEN HEROES OF WATERLOO. ^ 313 

Major C. Smtth^ youngest son of the late Right Hon. John Smyth, 
of Heath, county of York. 

Major Graham, King's Dragoon Guards, who fell in a desperate 
charge of that distinguished corps. 

€apt. Windsor, Ist Royal Dragoons, son of the late £. Windsor, 
Esq. of Shrewsbury. 

Captain Jambs Gubbins, 13th Light Dragoons, eldest son of 
the kte James Gubbins, Esq. at Epsom, Surry ; was killed early 
in the battle on the 18th by a cannon-shot, which striking his head,, 
in an instant numbered him with the dead : he had been in the cam-* 
paign under the command of the Duke of Wellington, in Portugal, 
Spain, and France. This gallant officer was as conspicuous for his 
intelligence and bravery in the field, as for his gendemanlike and ho- 
nourable ponduct through his short but enviable carreer in thb world, 
leaving behind him the most heartfelt sorrow and respect for his 
memory. 

Lieut. John Gbalb, 13th Light Dragoons. 

Lieut John Ptm, 13th Light Dragoons, fourth son of F. Pym, 
Esq. M . P. for Bedfordshire. This gentleman, with the one immediately 
preceding, were both wounded in the upper part of the thigh, and 
were doomed to suffer an accumulation of misery : their cases though 
utt^y hopeless, were of that distressing nature, that, elitail hours and 
days of lingering torture ; but even in this state of deplorable agony, 
the knowledge of their country's glory, was the dearest and most 
cherished theme of their conversation and remarks, and they heard 
the tidings of Waterloo, unequalled victory, with a joy, that death 
itself sought in vain to strip their features of, so indelibly was the 
exulting expression marked upon their countenances. No two officers 
could enjoy a greater portion of unfeigned regret,. than those it b 
BOW our melancholy office to record. 

At Brussds, of wounds received at Waterloo, aged 26. Lieutenant 
J. Ralbioh Elwes, 71st Regiment Highland Light Infantry, young- 
est son of the late Col. H. Elwes, and brother o^ SirWm. H. Elwes, 
Bart of Tyoemouth, Northumberland. He had been only ten 
montiis married to the daughter of CoL Aird, of the Royal Waggon 
Tram. 

Julff 29. M^or W. J. Lloyd, Royal Artillery, died at Brussels, 
of the wound he received m his thi^, in the battle of Waterloo, 
which afterwards turned to a gangreen; it was this noble officer's 
fortune, to be placed in a low bad situation, and ground, where he 
could obtain little or no assistance, and exposed most severely to the 
Enemy, but no one could behave better, or obtain more honour thaa 
he did in his accidentally perilous situation. 



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314 « ^llLITARY NOTICES OF THE 

Major A. John Maclainb* 73d Foot This officer died at 
Brussds, of the wounds he received in the battle of Waterloo. He 
was- the son of Mrs. Maclaine^ of Scalasdale, Isle of Mull, a lady* 
who deserves to be celebrated for the heroism and the bravery of the 
sons to whom she has given birth. She has ahready lost two sons in 
the service of her country, and two yet survive, ornaments to their 
profession, covered with scars received in various memorable engage- 
ments. The late Captain Maclaine, who so gloriously fell, whilst 
gallantly leading on his light company, at the battle of Maida, as 
mentioned in Sir John Stuarf s dispatches, was one of the former, 
and Lieut.-Col. Maclaine, of the 7th West India Regiment, who made 
so gallant a defence at Fort Matagorda, is one of the latter. Miyor 
Maclaine of the 73d, had sigmdized himself in all the actions in which 
this fine Highland regiment were engaged in India, and particularly 
at the taking of Seringapatum. He bad left the 1st battalion of it at 
New South Wales, to come to Europe, anxious and ardent to join thi^ 
second, and to ** share their glories and honour" as he expressed him- 
self, " on the Continent." His loss, in common with other brave 
men, his country will deplore. P. 

Captain George Davidson, Biig. Major, received the wound* 
(of which he died, August 7th following,) after the command bad 
devolved on him, by the death of Lieut.-Col. Macara, and wound of 
Lieut.-Col. Dick; he had been twice wounded previously, but re< 
rnained on the field, until nearly the close of the action of the lOth 
of June. 

Lieut. Squires of the 4th Regiment of Foot, was desperately 
wounded in the battle of Waterloo, and whose death, it is our regret 
to announce at Brusseb about three weeks after, was possessed of 
most amiable manners and conduct, which endeared him to all who 
knew him. He had served witl| his regiment during the Peoinsuh 
campaign, and after in the battle of Thoulonuse, the success of the 
allied army having changed the political aspect iu that quarter. 
This was hardly over, when the subject of thb memoir found it his 
duty to embark for North America, where he took part in the most 
serious conflict we had in these distant regions, and, in which he 
was wounded ; he, however, recovered, and sailed with his regiment^ 
and had arrived only three days, when he entered the glorious field of 
Waterloo, and where the fates had decreed he should become one 
of the noble sacrifices ; when he received his death wound, he was 
acting as the Captain of hb Company. He began his military career 
as a Cadet in the Hon. East-India Company's service^ but from 
which he removed and entered into the Royal Bucks. Militia^ from 



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FALLEN HEROES OF WATERLOO. 315 

which he vohinteered with 200 to the 4th Rf^giment of Foot, by which 
means he obtained his commission io this fine pegiment 

Col. Fuller of the Ist Dragoon (juards, as also Major Gkahak, 
luid Comet Hon. H. B. Bernard, and another officer, were taken 
prisoners in a desperate charge at the same time ; for a hnig tinle 
their friends hoped they would return, but though the particulars of 
tbek fate remain uncertain, there can be no doubt tliat they 
were murdered by the £nemy, like many other brave unfortunate 
men. 

The Hon. Lieut-Col. Sir Alexander Gordon, Aide-de-Camp to the 
Duke of Welliogton, lost his leg as he was communicating the orders 
of the Duke, and died of his wound at the head-quarters in Waterloo. 
He was greatly regretted by the (ieneral-in-Chief, as an officer of 
great promise. This young man was so' beloved at Brus^e ^, that its 
principal inhabitants wished to erect a monument to him. His family, 
one of the most ancient, and most illustrious in Scotiaod sorrowing 
lament his loss. The Epitaph engraved on his tomb is as follows : 
— A la mtooire — de Thonorable Sir Alexander Gordon, — Lieutenant- 
Colonel, Chevalier Commandeur du tr^s— honorable Ordre du Bain^ 
— Aide-de-Camp du Feld-Mar^chal Due de Wellington.— U termina 
k r^e de 29 ans — sa courte mais glorieuse curri^re, en executant 
let ordres— de son illustre G^n^ral, — k la Bataille de Waterloo.- - 
Sa biavoure et ses talens distingu^s lui m^rit^rent — Tapprobatioa . 
du H^ros— dont il partagea les dangers en Espagne, en Portugal, 
— et en France, — et qui lui donna les preuves les plus tiatteuses de 
sa — eonfiance, dans d'importantes occasions. — Son pays reconuoissant 
hii a d6cem^, en recompense de — son zele et de son activity dans le 
service, — sept mMailles, — et I'honorable distinction de TOrdre du 
Bain. — II n'^tait pas moins recommandable par ses vert us— privies, 
son respect sincere pour la religion, — I'elevation de ses principes 
d'honneur, — sa probity severe, — et les aimables qualite^ qui lui 
avatent acquis — I'attachement de ses amis, et I'amour de sa iamill^. 
— £n t^moignage de ses sentimens, qu'aucun langage — ne saurait ex* 
primer, — une soeur inconsolable, et cinq fir^res qui lui survivent, — 
OBt eiev^ ce modeste monument — k Tobjet de leurs plus chores af- 
fections, dont les rares — qualit^s ont illustr^ leur nom et leur lamille. 

In the Church of Waterloo are the following inscriptions, on plain 
mural tablets, opposite to each other : — Sacred to the Memory — of— 
Lieutenant-Colonels, Stables, — Sir Francis D'Oyley, Knt^-Charies 
Thomas William Miller, — William Henry IVl hue,— Captains Robert 
Adair, — Edward Grose,— Newton Chamber,— 1 homas Brown, — ■ 
Ensigns Edward Fardoe,— James Lord Ilay,— the Hon. S. T. Bar- 



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516 MILITARY NOTICES 0¥ THE 

nngtOD,— of his Britannic Majesty's Ist Regiment of Foot Guards, 
who fell gloriously in the Battles of Quatre-Bras and Waterloo^ od- 
the 16th and 18th of lune, 1815.— The officers of the Raiment have 
erected this Monument in commemoration of the fall of their gallant 
companions. 

To—the Memory*— of— Major Edwin Griffith-^-Iieuteiiant Isaac 
Sherwood — Lieutenant Henry Buckley, — Officers in the 15th or Kmg'a 
Jiegt. of—Hdssars— [British]— Who fell in the— Battle of--Waterioo, 
—June xviiiy MDCCCXV. — ^This stone was erected by the Officert ^i 
that Regiment, as a testimony of theur respect. 

Dulce tt decorum est propatria mart. 

In Waterloo Church. — Gulielmus Norman Ramsay, in ^cercitn 
Britanno. 

L. William Livenstone Robe, of the Royal Horse ArtiUery. 

In the cemetery of the church. — Colonel Delaugier, Commandant 
le ler^Bataillon de Bremen. — Lieut-Col. Fitzgerald, de la Garde 
dn Corps de Sa Majesty Britannique. 

To these we will add the Epitaphs placed in other places m the 
forest of Soignies.— Lieutenant W. L. Robe, British Royal Horse 
Artillery. 

In the cemetery of Braine-Ia-Leud, — Lieut.-CoL Henry Crofton. 

}n the cemetery of the Protestant Church at Brussels,— To tl^ 
memory of those English Officers who died of their wounds in tins 
city. — Sacred to the memory — of Lieut. John Blyde, 28d Royal 
Welch Fuzileers, — who was wounded in the battle of Belle Alliance* 
— <)n the 18th of June, — and died July 31, 1815, — aged 22 years. 

Here lies the body of Captain W. Slothert--3d Regiment of Foot 
Guards — and Brigade Major — to the 2d Brigade of Guards, — ^who 
died of the wound, in the battle of Belle Alliance, (Waterloo,) — and 
was interred the 23d of June, 1815,— aged 35 years. 

Then follow other inscriptions : — ^To the memory of Colonel Sir 
William Howe De Lancy, struck by a cannon-ball, by the side of the 
Duke of Wellington. 

Of Charles Spearman, Lieutenant Royal Artillery — Mich. Thomas 
Cromie, Lieutenant Royal Artillery— Ceptain John Lucie Blackman, 
buried in the garden at Hougomont. 

' Atiiong the brave who^ perished in defending Hougomont, was 
Thomas Crawfurd, aged 21, Captab in the 3d Regiment of 
Guards, and son of Sir James Crawfurd. 

In the cemetery outside of the gate at Hal: — Aiu( mines de I'Ho- 
norable Hastings Brudenel Forbes— -Capitaine du 3me Regt. des 
Gardes de S. M. Britannique—Troisi^me fils de Milord Granard— et 



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FALLEN HEROES OF WATERLOO. 317 

nereu du tr^s — illustre Earl Moira — mort glorieiisement h Waterloo 
H. IB Juin, 1816— ii Vkge de 22 ans — II v^cut peu pour scs parens, 
ses amis et son pays, mais il a beaucoup v^cu pour sa gloire. 

LA HAYE SAINTE. 

In remembrance of the brave defence which took place at La 
Haye^ainte, the Corps of Anglo-Hanoverian Officers have placed 
^thin the wall of this farm, towards the high road, the following 
inscription, engraved on a slab of white marble : — The officers of 
the 2d Light Battalion — King's German Legion,— in memory to their 
Brother Officers,— and Friends xif their Regiment, who fell — in defend* 
ing this farm, on the 18th of June, 1815. — Captain Bt. Major Adol- 
phus Bosewiel. — Captain William Wiegmann. — Captain William 
Schaumann. — Ensign Emestus Robertson. 

On the outside, behind the farm, is constructed, at the expense of 
the same corps, a monument, in form of an obelisk, to the memory 
of Ae Officers whose names follow : — ^To the memory — of — Colonel 
Christian Baron Ompteda, of the 5th Line Battalion, R. G. H. — 
Colonel Charles Du Plat, of the 4th Line Battalion, R. G. H.— Cap- 
tain Philip Holzermann, 1st Line Battalion, — Captain Henry Baron 
Marschalk, — Captain Alexander Baron Goeben, — Lieutenant An- 
thony Albert, — Major Adolphus Bosewiel, 2d Line Battalion, Cap- 
tain William Schauman, — Captain Henry Wiegmann, — Ensign Frede- 
rick Robertson, — Captain Augustus SafFe, 1st Line Battalion, — Cap- 
tain Charles Baron HoU^, — Ensign Arthur Suckow, — Lieutenant- 
Colonel John Schroder, 2d Line Battalion, — Captain George Tilee, 
— Captain Frederick Didel, 3d Line Battalion, — Lieutenant Frederick 
de Jeinsen, — Lieutenant Frederick Leschen, — Major George Thuden, 
4th Line Battalion, — Captain George Leue, — Captain Frederick Heise^ 
— Ensign Theodore Bronhelm, — Captain Christian Baron Wurmb, 
&th Line Battalion, — Lieutenant-Adjutant ' Lewis Schuck, — Captain 
Augustus de Vorgt, 8th Line Battalion, — Captain Thilo Baron Wes- 
temhagen, 8th Line Battalion, — Lieutenant Baron Mahrenholtz, — who 
fell — on the memorable 18th day of June, 1815. — This monument — is 
erected— by — the Officers of the Infantry — of the — King's Gern^ 
Legion. 

Ut»9ttt to t^t Mnmtn 0t tbt Utatit^ 

The following is a list of the men and officers killed in action on 
tbe 18th of June, belonging to the 2d N. B. Dragoons, (Scotch 
Greys,) given by Sir James Stewart their Colonel. 

ne Editor begs to add^ that he should have felt the greatest satis- 
faction could he have been furnished with similar lists from other regi- 

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318 MILITARY NOTICES, 8CC* 

mentSf that the names of those to whom we are 90 much beholden 
should not be forgotten with the present day* 

Lieut.-Col. Hamilton.— Captains— T. Reignolds—C. L. Barnard. — . 
Lieutenants— J. Carruthers—T. Trotter.— Comets— Edward Wcstby 
— F. C. Kinehant— L. Shuldhdm. 

Troop Serjeant Major — John Weir, Mauchline. 

Serjeants — Arthur Pollock, Blantyre — George Rennie, Glasgow — 
James Strudwick, Ryegate. 
. Privates. -William Alacom, Stichill— John Arthur, Cumbernauld — 
William Baishy, Horton — Alexander Black, Dunfermline — John 
Brooks, Hfaton Norris— Thomas Brown, Monkland — Samuel BrowB, 
Nuttsford— Thomas Brown, Alnwick — William Bryce, Bo'neds — 
George Butler, Cailton — William Christie, Auchterarder — John Coufi* 
land, Kirkmahoe — John Craig, Barony — Robert Craig, Rutherglen — r 
William Craig, Paisley — David Crighton, Dalmellington — Thomas 
Dawson, Ambleside -Joshua Dawson, Otley — John Dodds, Berwick-i 
upon-Tweed — Robert Donaldson, Barony — John Dougal, Barony — 
George EUingworth, Brotherton —James Fergusson, Barony — Duncan 
Forbes, Irvine —John Frost, Tulbury — Alexander. Gray, Paisley — 
John Hall, Cambleton— John Harkness, Galston — James Harper, Kil- 
maurs— Hugh Hutchinson, Galston — ^John Jameion„ Barony — Gavin 
Johnson, Oid Vlonkland — Alexander Kerr, Ayr — John Kidd, Kinross 
— Andrew Knight, Inveresk — William Leach, Norwich — James Lid- 
die, Airdrie— James Love, Dalserf — Robert Lyle, Kilbarchan — Ro- 
bert Mackie, Blantyre— Alexander Mackie, Glasgow — Johp Main^ 
Worcester George M* Alia, Carnwath — John iM* Arthur, Barony — 
Gavin vlather, Hamilton— Hugh M'Auly, Paisley — ^John M'Culloch, 
Kilmarnock -Andrew IM'Farlan, Glasgow — William Miller, Egham — 
John Miller, Old Monkland — William Mitchell, Kihnamock— Daniel 
M'Kechny, (ireenock— JohnM'Lauchlan, Dumfries — ^James M'Laach- 
Ian, Sanquhar — Alexander M'Pherson, Falkirk — Angus M*Pbe*8o^, 
Moidart — Robert Muirhead, Glasgow — WilUam Murdoch. Auchinieck 
— Peter Murray, Tippermuir — David Picken, Stewartoq — Luke 
Priestly, Portsham — John Raybum, Paisley — Thomas Robertson, 
Neilston — John Robertson, Paisley— David RoUand, Strathblane — 
J^es Rose, Glasgow — John Sawers, Rutherglen — John Scott, 
Muiravoniide — John Senior, Emley — ^John Simons, Burn bury — ^James 
Smith, Kdmarnock — David Stoddart, Newbatde — WilKam Storie, 
Renfrew— William Sutherland, Cambualang — Robert Taylor, Baropy 
— ^Thomas laylor. Fording — John Tennant, Uenny — George Turner, 
Yetholm— John Turner, Orwich — John Urie, Gorbals — ^Alexander 
Walker, Tenigles — Peter Wotherspoon, 'Abernethy — John Whitton, 
Pcckington— Andrew Wyllie, Stcwarton— Robert Voung, Paisley. 



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FIELD MARSHAL the DUKE of WELLINGTON, &c*. 



1769, May 1, born. 

1787, March 7, appointed Ensign in the 73d foot. t>ec. ftS) appointed Lieutenant 
n the 76th foot 

1788, January 2d> exchanged into the 4l8t regiment 

1789, June US, exchanged into the 18th dragoons. 

1791, rtept. SO, receiyed a company in the 58th foot 

1792, Oct. 31, again exchanged to the 14th dragoons— appointed Major in the 
55dfoot 

1793, appointed Lieutenant-Colonel. 

1794, commanded a brigade of infantry during Lord Moira's retreat throneh 
Flanders. Shortly after was employed in the expedition under Admiral Chm- 
tiau, for the West Indies ; and then accompanied his regiment to India. 

1795, May 3, received the rank of Colonel by brevet. 

1796, May 4, Colonel Wellesley commanded a division in the attack on Serin- 
pttgatam, for which he received thank^ in public orders from General Harris. 

1800, Sept 5, he intercepted Dhoodia Waugh's force at ConaghuU, when 
Dhoudia himself and a great number of his followers were killed, and the whole 
body dispersed— for this. Colonel Wellesley received the thanks -of General Braith- 
ifvaite, then in command of the forces at Madras, and also o£ the Governor General 
in Council. 

1805, April 99, obtained the rank of Msjor-General. 

1803, April 21, after a forced march of sixty miles, entered Poonah, possession 
of which had been taken by Holkar. — Sept. 25, Major-Generat Wellesley, with 
an army consisting only of 4500 men, of whom about ^000 were Europeans, 
attacked and defeated at Assaye, Scindeah's army, consisting of 38,500 cavalry, 
10,500 rei^lar infantry, 500 match-locks, 500 mcket men, and 90 pieces of ordnance. 
He next turned his attention to the Rajah of Berar's army, which he defeated on 
the plains of Agra.— Dec. 14, carried b}f storm the almost impregnable fortress of 
Gawilghar.— Dec. 16, signed a Treaty of Peace with the Hajah of Berar. — Dec. 30, 
ditto with Scindeah. 

1804, appointed a Knight Of the Military Order of the Bath. 

1805 — Early in this year he returned to England ; a sword, valued at 1000/. was 
presented lihim by the inhabitants of Calcutta: thanks were voted to him by both' 
Houses of Parliament ; and h\» companions in arms presented him with a gold vase, 
▼alne 2000 i^uineas.— In the autumn, Sir A. Wellesley accompanied Lord Cathcart 
to Hanover, and on the return of the army was appointed to a district. 

1806, Jan. 30. received the rank of Colonel of the 33d regiment— April 10, 
married the Hon. Catherine Pakenbam, sister of Thomas, Earl of Longford. 

1807, defeated a detached army of Danes, near Kioge. 

1808, April 25, attained the rank of Lieutenant^General.— August 17, fought the 
Battle of Roleia ; 21, that of Vimeira, and shortly afterwards returned to England. 

1809, March 22, returned to Portugal, and appointed by the Prince Regent of 
Portugal, Marshal General of the Portuguese troops.— May 12, passed the Dooro, 
defeated Soult, and captured Oporto.~*July 25, fought the Battle of Tahivera. 
August 26, created Viscount Wellington, Baron of Douro, «&c. 

1810, Sept 27, fought the Battle of Biisaco. 

1811, May 8, tliat o£ Fuentes de Honor, or Almeida.— This year his Lordship 
was created by tlie Prince Regent of Portugal, Conde Vimeira, and on the 31st of 
July received the local rank of General in Spain and Portugal. 

1812, Jan. 19, Ciudad Rodrigo carried by storm.-April 7, Bad^oz also carried 
by storm.— July 22, fonsht the battle of Salamanca.~This year his Lordship was 
created Marquis^of WeUington. •% 

1813, Jan. 1, appointed Colonel of the Horse Guards Blue.— June 21, fought the 
Battle of Vittoria, vras appointed Field-Marshal, and the same year a Knight of the 
Garter.— August 11, the Battle of the Pyrenees. 

1814, May 3, created Marquis Douro and Duke of Wellington.— April 10, Battle 
«f Thonlouse. 

1815, June 18, BATTLE OF WATERLOO.— July 3, the City of Paris capitn- 
lated to the Duke and Prince Blncher — the British and Prussian forces took pot- 
aeaiion en the 7th.— July 18, created Prince of Waterloo by the &iug of the Ne- 
Ihciiaods. 

• A ak«tcb of Mtrshil Blucbfr^ MlUtirf Carew is iotroduced in Vol. II. 

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Chronological Account of the principal Evenii in the Life of 

NAPOLEON BUONAPARTE. 

^ 1769, August 15, born at Aj<^ccio, in Corsica.--1779, March — , placed at Um 
Militaiy School at Brienne.-#1793, an officer of artillery at the Siege of Tonloa, 
and appointed General of Brigade.— 1794, Oct.* 4, commands the Conventional troops^ 
and slaughters the Parisians.— 1796, appointed to the command (^f the Army of Italy. 
May 11, Bat. oI'Lodi. Aug. 3, Bat. of Castiiclione. Nov. 16, Bat. ot Areola.— 179r. 
Feb. 4, Surrender of Mantua. March 23, Trieste surrenders. Aprii 18, Prelimina- 
ries with Austria, signed at Leoben. May 16, French take possessron of Venice. 
Oct. 17, Treaty of Campo Formio with Austria.— 1798, Ms^ 30, sails for Egypt. 
July 21, Battle of the Pyramids. Oct 24, Insurrection at Cairo.— 1799, May sfl. 
Siege of Acre raised. Aug. 23, sails from Egypt for France. Oct. 7, lands at 
Frejus. Nov. 9, dissolves the Conventiouid Oovomment* Nov. 10, declared First 
Consul.— 18()0, Feb. 12, Peace made with the Chouans. May 14, crosses Mount 
St. Bernard. June 16, Bat. of Marengo. July 28, Preliminaries with AuBtria, 
signed at Paris. Dec. 3, Bat. of Hohenlinden. Dec. 24, Explosion of the Infernal 
Machine.— 1801, Feb. 9, Treaty of Luneville with Austria. Oct. 8, PreiLminaries 
with Enghind.— 1802, Jan. 25, Cisalpine Republic seized. March 27, Definitive 
Treaty voih EngUind. May 15, Legion of Honour instituted. Aug. 2, declared CoiishI 
fbr Life. Auk* 21, changes the Swiss form of Government.— 1803, May 18, English 
Dedaratisn ot War. June 3, Hanover overrun.— 1804, Feb. — , Moreau arrested. 
March 20, Due d'Enghien shot. April 6, Pichegru murdered in prison. May 18. 
declareil Emperor. Nov. 19, crowned by the Pope.— 1805, Feb. — , writes to the 
King of England. April 11, Treaty of St. Petersborgh, between England,, Russia, 
Austria, and Sweden. May 26, declared King of Italy. Sept. 24, heads liis Army 
against Austria. Oct. 20, Mack's Army surrenders at Ulm. Nov. 13, French 
enter Vienna. Dec. 2, Bat. of Austerliti. Dec. 15, Treaty of Vienna, with 
Prussia. Dec. 26, Treaty of Preeburgh, with Austria.— 1806, March 30, Joseph 
Buonaparte made Kins ot Naples. June 3, Louis made King of Holland. Jaly 20, 
Jewish Sanhedrim. July 27, Confederation of the Rhine. Sept. 24, marches against 
Prussia. Oct. 14, Bat. of Auerstadt or Jena. Oct. 27, enters Berlin. Nor. 19> 
Hamburgh tal^en ; Berlin Decree.— 1807, Feb. 3, Bat. of Eyiau against Russia. 
June 14, Bat. of Friediand. July 7, Treaty of Tilsit with Russia.— 1808, JolyT,. 
Joseph Buonaparte made King of Spain. July 20, surrender of Dnpont's Army 
at Baylen. June 29, Joseph Buonaparte evacuates 'Madrid. August 21, Bat. <» 
Yimiera. Sept. 27, Conferences at Erfurth. Nov. 5, Buonaparte arrives at Vittoria. 
Dec. 4, Surrender of Madrid to Buonaparte.— 1809, Jan. 16, Bat. %f Conmna. 
Jan. 22, returns to Paris. April 6, War declared by Austria. April 13, heads his 
Army against Austria. May 10, French enter Vienna. May 22, Bat. of Essling, 
or Asperne. July 6, Bat. of Wagram. Oct. 14, Treaty of Vienna with Austria. 
Dec. 13, Lucien Buonaparte arrives in England. Dec 16, Buonaparte's marriage 
with Josephine dissolved. — 1810, March 11, marries Maria Louisa, daughter of 
Francis il. Emp. of Austria. July 9, Holland and the Hanse Towns annexed to the 
French Empire, by Decree of Napoleon. Aug. 21, Bemadotte elected Crown 
Prince of Sweden. Dec. 21, Decree for restraining the Liberty of the Press. 
1811, Jan. 1, Hamburgh annexed to the French Empire. April 20, the Empress 
deliYered df a son, styled King of Rome. Sept. 2, present at an engagement be- 
tween a French flot Ua and an English cruiser.— 1812, Jan. 22, Swedish Pomeranria 
•eiied by Buonaparte. May 2, he. heads a vast Army against Russia. June 11, 
arrives at Konigsberg. June 28, enters Wilna. Aug. 18, SmolensKo taken. Sept 
7. Bat. of Moskwa or Borodino. Sept 14, French, under Napoleon, enter Moscow, 
which is burnt, Oct. 22, French evacuate Moscow. Nov. 9, arrives at Smo- 
lensko. Dec. 5, quits the Army in the snows. Dec. 18, arrives at Paris.— 1815r 
AprU — , heads the Army on the Elbe. May 1, Bat of Lutzen against Russia and 
Prussia. May 20, Bat. of Bautzen. June 4, armistice agreed on. June 21^ Bat 
of mttoria in Spain. Aug. 17, Hostilities re-commence. Austria declared against 
Buonaparte. Aug. 28, B^]t of Dresden— Moreau killed. Sept 7, English enter 
France. Sept. 28, evacuates Dresden. Oct. 18, Bat of Leipstc— Buonaparte 
defeated. Nov. 15, Revolution in Holland. Dec. 1, Declaration of the Allies at 
Frankfort.— 1814, Jan. 4, Allies cross the Rhine. March 30, Bat of Montmartre, 
before Paris. April 11, Buonaparte abdicated the Throne. May 8, arrives at 
Elba.— 1815, March 1, sails from Elba for France. March 20, arrives at Paris, 
and re-assumes the Throne. April 25, is declared an Out-law by the Sovereigns of 
Europe, then assembled at Vienna. April — , calls a New House of Peers, and 
Chamber of liepresentatives of the French people— Champ de Mai. June 16, de- 
feats the Prussians. June 18, loses his Army at Waterloo, or Mount St Jom. 
June 21^ abdicates the Throne a second time. July 22, surrenders himself to 
an' Enghsh ship of war, off Rochefort— Arrives at Torbay. Aug. 7, sails fw 
St Helena, where he arrived October 17th, 1815. ^^ 

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ADDITIONAL PARTICTHLAKS 

TO THE 
ALSO OF 

LIGNY, AND QUATRE BRAS, 

WITH 

CIRCUMSTANTIAL DETAILS 



BY A WEAR OBSERVER . 

CONTAINIKO 

A REGISTER 

OF 

VMS HAISaXS (DP f fflS (DIFiriKCJElS 

WHO SERYED IN THE 

Campaign of fbt Btfbtvlan^a^, 

1815. 



VOL. II. 



LONDON: 

PRINTED FOR JOHN BOOTH, DUKE STREET, PORTLAND PLACE ; 

T. EGERTON, MILITARY LIBRARY, WHITEHALL; 

AND J. FAIRBAIRN, EDINBURGH. 



1817. 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



VOL. II. 



Page 

Field of Waterloo from Mont 
St. Jean, Sec. already clas- 
sic ground 1 

The Foreiit of Soignes new t^. 
Via Sadra 

Field of Battle— one month 
after the battle 2,121 

Duke of Wellington's Dis- 
patch affords a clear idea 
of the position ....*. 3 

- — appoint- 
ed Commander on the Con- 
tinent of Burope t^. 

Prince of Orange takes leave 
of the troops in conse- 

Suence, by a General Or- 
er ib, 

Duke of Wellington assumed 
the command, 1 1th April 4 

formed 

the whole force, British, 
Hanoverian, and Dutch, 
into two corps t^. 

■■ 1$ r^ulations 

for the same ib. 

Cavalry and Horse AjrtiHery 
admired much in passing 
through the Netherlands . t^. 

— — thought to be too 
showy to be good .... 5 

Opening of the Campaign . ib. 
Vol. II. 



Pagt 

Station of the French corps 6 

Buonaparte takes Charleroi . 6 

Brussels the head-quarters of 
the Duke of Wellington . . t^. 

Forces on the Belgic frontier 
could be collected at any 
given point in 12 hours . ib* 

The Prussians occupied the 
remaining frontier .... ib, 

• defended their 

out- posts with great bra- 
very, and stopped the Ene- 
my's further progress on 
the 15th ib. 

Dutch troops in advance on 
the 16th ib. 

British 5th Division and Duke 
of Brunswick leave Brus- 
sels, 2 p. M. 16th 7 

Blacher meets the French on 
the 16th ib. 

Buonaparte reconnoitred Blu- 
cher*s position f^. 

French advancein overpower- 
ing masses 8 

Blucher finally supports him- 
self 9 

British arrive at Quatre-Bras 
at two iu the afternoon on 
the 16th 10 

Guards arrive at 4 o'clock • 11 
a 



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IV 



TABLE OF CONTENTS —VOL. II. 



Page 

The French driven in ... . 11 

Arrival of the whole British 
force at day-light of 17th i4. 

N^ws of Blucher's retiring to 
Wavre ib, 

EngUsh retrograde movemen t ib. 

Tempestuous day and njghC 
of 17th : . . . . 13 

Advance upon Hougomont 
on the 18th 16 

Various description of attack 
during the day of Water- 
loo 1^. 

Hougomont the material point 
of attention and operation 25 

described ib. 

! , Jerome Buona- 
parte commands the attack 26 

, Gen. Byng and 

reinforcements of Guards 27 
-, loss at 29 



, or Gomonly the 

history of . ^ 30 



ARTILLERY OPERATIONS. 

Commanders of troops and 
brigades 32 

Riogers's and Lloyd's brigades 
at Quatre-Bras 33 

Desertion of a French ofBcer 34 

Artilleiy of muchiisein cover- 
ing the retreat on the 17th 35 

For some hours the action 
was chiefly with artillery . 37 

£9gilsh guns taken and re- 
taken repeatedly ib, 

Capt. Ramsay buried .... t^. 

Returns of French artillery 

taken 39 

Fire of ^urdllery affording re- 
pose, and confirming the 
steadiness of infantry ... 41 

Every man's arm raised against 

. tha| of another .....•• 42 

After the mingled mass had 



Page 
ebbed and flowed, the 
Enemy began to give way ib* 

Weak point of Hougomont 
reinforced by other artillery 43 

Other artillery ordered to the 
right of Sir H. Clinton's 
position ib. 

Ground gradually declined 
upon the crest of our posi- 
tion 44 

Attacks of the Enemy and 
Deception particularly de- 
scribed ib. 

Fatigue of the artillery very 
great 45 

Rapid advance of the reserve 
Horse Artillery ....'.. ib. 

Brigades under Rogers, S^nd- 
ham, and Lloyd, their po- 
sition ib. 

Capt. Bolton's, afterward Na- 
pier's brigade . .' ib. 

flanking'wood 

.... 46 
great execu- 
tion at the close of the 
action ib. 

Reports of the officers search- 
ing for the Enemy's artil- 
lery very interesting ... 48 

Discovery and sufferings of 
the wounded 49 

Returns of Artillery killed and 
wounded, and forces in 
Belgium. Vide 141 Appendix. 



at Hougomont 



EARL OFUXBRIDGE and 
Cavalry Operations .... 50 

Review at Schendelbeke . . xb, 

Debouche on \lth June at 
Genappe 51 

Marquis of Anglesey's Letter 
to the 1th Hussars . . . • ib. 



» — receiv- 



ed his wound 53 

, happy 



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TABLE OF CONTENTS— 'VOL. II. 



Page 
coiiibiiitlbiiB- m tUs No- 
UeAaftf « . , ^ « 54 

Sir W. PiHisanb/9 brigade of 
cavalry 56 

, Mt of . . 5* 

Letter Aroia Serj. Crichley, 
;ist Dragoons 5d 

Sir Ormsby Vandeleur's and 
Sir Rknafd Vivian'r bri- 
gade of cavalry 61 

Important movement and* 

' change at the close of the 
day ib^ 

Letter from an. officer of latb 
HuMars ib\ 

from John Marshal, 

lOtfa Hussaics ^ . 63 

from an Officer 13th 

Light Diiigooiis 68^ 

■ ' ■ from an officer ^ . . . 69 

" -^ — — of high 

rank. 71 

Infantry 3d brigade, under 
Mst|o^•Gene^^ Adam, in 
Sir Henry Clinton's division 73 

Letter fron John Lew^es^ 95th 
regiment 74 

Gtoeral Lord Hiii's-Onler of 
the Day after the battle . 94 

Extract ora Letter by an Of- 
ficer in Lord HiU's corps . 95* 

AHMYOFOBSfiRVATlON 77 

28th Reghnent 78 



ANECDOTES, TRAITS, &c. 

Lieutenant Irwin' /..... 78 
CtoeralPicton on 16th ... 80 
Private Fry of the 28th seizes 

an Eagle ib, 

Lieut. Deare's gallant conduct ib. 
Sir J. Kempt, Sir Denis Packe, 

Sir P. Belson, and Sir J. 

Lambert ib. 

.M8yot<Men«ies) and private 

42d Ui^landers ..... 81 



Page 
Highland Soldier 92d . . . . 6t 
Mont St. Jean and it» peasMt 82 
Foreigner's testimony of re* 

gaid fbr Hig4ilaBder8> ... 83 
Major Mutllebury and 69th 

regiment ib. 

French' exaspeMtion at the 

good practice of our ar- 
tillery . t*, 

Capt Thoyts wrests an Ea^ 

from a French office . . t^. 
Return of^an* officer lifter iAk^ 

battle 84 

Lieut« Tathwell of the BhiiBS 

seiaes an Eagle tft. 

Officer of the Inniskillings, 

perilous situation ib, 

Lieut.-Col. Dalryrople of the 

l^thHuamrs ib. 

Horses, watmded^ or witktnst 

riders 85 

G«n. Maitland ........ ib. 

Col. Colquit of the Guards* . ih 
Hon. Col. Acheron's narrow 

escape *..... 2& 

Major DumaresqBe wounds 

ed, &0. • . • • ib 

Ruse de Guerre and Generld 

Halket 86 

Lieut. Moreau and La Hi^ 

Sahite . . - . f & 

Waterloo, a battle of Giants 87 
Hon. Col. Ponsonby severely 

wounds . • ib. 

fired over 

by Tirailleurs, as th^ 

breast-vrork ib* 

Serjeant Taylor of the 18th 

Hussars and Cuirassiers . 62 
Last gun fired by the English 

was a French howitzer, by 

Capt. Campbell 92 

DUKE OF WELLINGTON, . 

when he received the first 

news of the opening of the . 

Campaign, ^ tkt Princt 

o/Or»mg€ 88 



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VI 



TABLE OP CONTENTS — VOL. II. 



. Page 
THne second courier's arrival, 
dispatobes delivered in BaU- 
Room at the Duchess of 
- Richmond's; his momentary 
abstraction while making 
hb decision ... ^ ... • 89 
Cordiality of operations be- 
. tweeo Wellington and Blu- 

cher f*. 

Wellington with Blocher at 
the windmill at Ligny, at 
I past 8 0*1 lock on the-16th 90 
Wellington V ruse on changing 

position on the 17th * • • 91 
The Duke. of. Richmond in 

the field of action .... ib* 
Mr. Wh*tbread's opinion of 

the Duke of Wellington . . 91 
The Duke of Wellington and 

Godfrey of Bouillon ... 92 
Retreat, — Genappc, — and 

Gen. Duhesme ib. 

No water on the field of 

battle after the action . • t^. 
UEUT.GENERAL LORD 
HILL'S General Order af- 
ter the battle 94 

Anecdotes and particulars, 
communicated by French 

officers 96 

Buonaparte on the 17th at 

Cai lou . . . . • I* 

His lodging and breakfast . . ib 
General Vandamme wounded 96 
Signs of distress of a brother 
Mason, by an English Of- , 
ficer, and French kindness ib. 
Buonaparte and Grenadiers, 

9 o'clock 97 

Seven officers sent to Grou- 
chy, the last only reached ib. 
Gen. Drouet and Gen. Bour- 

mont « • . 98 

Extract from Warden's Let- 
ters, on the conversation 
with Buonaparte or his o^ 
ficersy respecting the Battle 
of Waterloo 99 



Page 
Recital of detafls by a B^o 

oflftcer 99 to lOS 

Grant to the P. of Orance . . \n 
Anecdote of Lord March . . ib. 
Emperor of Russia, &c. Visit 

to the Field of Waterioo. . 103 
Sketch of Prince Blncher's 

Life ib. 

activity 9i 

General Count Bulow's death 
and character 106 

Duke of Marlborough and 
Waterloo ib* 

General Count Drouef s ac- 
count of the Campaign, 
which itatet a 5th corps. 
Thii aceaumt drew Mar* 
thai Na/*$ Mtatevient far- 
ward 108 to 114 

Operations of Grouchy's 
corps . • .. p 115 

De Coster^s attested Narra- 
tive of Buonaparte dnring 
the action, &c 116 

Field of battle, one month 
after the battle described 121 

Conclusion Itt 

Duke of Wellington's Answer 
to the llianks in Parlia- 
ment A. 

Prince Blucher's do 126 

The Speaker's Address to 
Lord Edward Sombr- 
8BT and Sir Henry 
Clinton, with their Re- 
plies 127 

Considerations upon the re- 
turn of the 18th June, 1816 198 

Anniversary of the day at 
Windsor, Brussels, &c. . • 188 

Appropriate Address and 
Grace to the soldiers at 
Windsor 188 

Society formed to perpetuate 
the anniversary of the Bat- 
tle of Waterloo 188 



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TABLE OF CONTENTS — VOL. II. 



vii 



APPENDIX. 



Page 



Effective strength of each re- 
giment in the Battle of 
Waterloo 138 

Abstract of the artillery force 
in Belgium 141 

— ■ of the killed and 

wounded 140 

Prince's Order for the Wa- 
terioo Medal, and for wear- 
ing the same 142 

Gen. Lord Hill's Order after 
the battle 94 

Gen. Sir Chatles Colville's 
Division Order .141 

Gen. Sir James Kempfs do. t^. 

Gen. Bloomiield's letter to 
9 brig. Artillery 142 

Forty-fourth regt. 2d bat. 
honours conveyed to the 
1st bat 141 

t^siom for losnig an eye, 
Ac. Ac 143 



Pensions for Officers' widows, 
jiegimental 14S 

Pensions to Officer's widows. 
Staff 144 

Precedency of Relatives . . tt. 

Regulations for the Waterloo 
Grant ih. 

London Merchants' Letter, 
June 30, 1816, to the Duke 
of Wellington, with hb 
Grace's reply thereto . • • 144 

Address of the Committee for 
the Waterloo Fund, on the 
first anniversary l46 



Register op the Names 
OF the Officers EM- 
PLOYED IN THE CAM- 
PAIGN.— Their rank and 
regimental order 1 

Alpkibetical order, or Index 
to the Names #t 



DESCRIPTION 



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DESCRIPTION 

OF TKB 

MAPS, PLANS, AND ETCHINGS, 

WHICH ILLUSTRATE THIS WORK, 



The Duke of Wellington from a Bust by Hopper. 

By Captain George Jones. 

Prmce Blucher by Do* 

And fac-similie of their Autography. 

Waterloo Medal. Title, Vol 11. 

Description. — ^The Medal given to the OfRcerr and Sohfieta 
who were engaged in thie battle of Waterloo was executed by Mr- 
T. Wyon, jun. and is of fine silver, and weighs ioz* There is no dif- 
ference between those presentted to the Officers or to the Privates. 
Around the outer edge is impressed the loan's name who receives die 
Medal, his rank, and the regiment of corps to which he belongs. On 
the obverse of the Medal, is the bust of H. R. H. the Prince Regei^ 
with the inscription George P. Regent The reverse side bears a 
figure of Victory, holding in her right hand her proper emblem, the 
Palm-branch ; in her left, the Olive-branch, which indicates peace, 
as the effect of that glorious achievement which is inscribed on die 
plinth on which the figure is seated ; and above the figure is inscribed 
the name of the great Commander under whom this victory was gained* 

To the Medal is affixed a steel loop and ring, with a short nbbon 
of crimson edged with blue, by which it is attached to the coat of the 
wearer, over the left breast. Vide Princt^s order for wearing the 
Medal in Appendix. 

Thus far for the description of the Medal ; but it is right to make 
a remark on the method of inscribing the men's names on the ed^^ 
which was not done in the usual way of engraving ; but were impressed, 
by which they were more expeditiously prepared, and are much su- 
perior in appearance. The mvention is ingenious, and reflects credit on 
the mechanics of His Majesty's Mint, who were the inventors of it 



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Booths Batth of Waterloo. U 

Map or Plan A. 
Bapresents the theatre of war from the oorth of France to the 
Sinugbts of Calaby to the Rhine, and from Holland to Paris. The 
Uoe or green Use oMurks the frontiers of France, according to the 
tpeaty of Paris, 1814. All the strong places of France are distin- 
guiabed by red, of which there are se¥entj*six, not comprisii^ 
Paris, but comprehending Chateau-Thierry, Rheims, Soissons, 
LaoD, a»d La Fere (lately fortified). 

The atrong places possessed by the Allies on the 15th of 
June, marked by yellow, are situated between the Rhine and the 
Meuse. The Allies had only the strong fortress of Luxemburg, and 
from the Meuse to the sea, they had three newly-fortified places, 
Mons having eighteen thousand inhabitants, Toumay twenty-two thou- 
8an(^ and Ypres fifteen thoosand. Thus the frontiers of the Low 
Countries, and of Germany to the left bank of the Rhine, a length of 
1 10 leagues, had bnt four fortresses for its defence, while France in 
the same space had more than fifty. 

Map B. comprdiends the whole space of the operations from the 
14th to the £2nd of June. The blue lines denote the places, where the 
four corps of the army of Prussians collected, and their line of ad- 
vanced posts are marked by the blue dots towards the Sambre, ex- 
tending as far as Labbas and Binch ; towards the Meuse, to opposite 
Givet and Bamain. 

Map C. and D. represents th^ position and disposition of the 
English, Prussian, and French, from Quatre Bras and Ligny. 
Map D. The Battle of Ligny at five o'clock. 
Map or Plan E. F. G. 
During the nine hours battle, it would be impossible to describe the 
blind, and ferodous courage with which the French masses marched 
upon the English, nor the intrepid courage, the persevering and heroic 
coolness with which the latter awaited, su/Oained, and repulsed, the 
reiterated attacks of their enemies. . The limited space of the 
combat, the rapidity of the attacks and movements of the different 
corps, could not be described in ten plans ; every testimony has, 
however, been collected by the Editor ; besides which, the thick 
sou>ke of the powder, w^ch was prevented from rising above the sur- 



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X ' Description of Mnps, Plans^ and Eickit^, S^c. 

face of the earth by a heavy atmosphere, scarcely allowed the field of 
battle to be seen at once. The obscurity was sometimes so great, 
that the French masses got within twenty paces of die £nglish bat- 
talions before they were perceived, which rendered their attaicks still 
more dangerous to the English. The movements at three period^ 
viz. the beginning, the middle, and the advance, will be found 
in the map, E. F. 6. Connected with the operations i^ Wavre* 
A very elaborate plan of die battle, with the several fonaationf, 
agreeably to a copy delivered from the Horse*GuardS| neit follows. 



Also printed for the 4to. Edition, but which may be bought 
separately by the possessors of the 8vo. — ^A plan of the fieli> 
OF WATERLOO upou the largest scale, being five inches to 
A MILE. The advantage of this scale must be manifest, as 
enabling the draftsman to give all the minutiae of the operations aa 
it regard the Allies or the Enemy, pointing out every feature of the 
ground, first and second positions, and tracings of the movements of 
the troops, in their combined movements or retreat. 

This Map is accompanied by an Historical Memoir and Bumeroua 
references, that renders it die most satisfactory to those who wish every 
detail. This Map, widi the Memoir, is sold separate, to accomr 
modate the Purchasers of the ^Edition in 8vo. Price lOf. with 
the References and Memoir, ISs. in Case. Connected with this Map, 
is also published one on the scale of the celebrated Count Ferrari's 
Map, taking a wider scope,' comprehending the preceding field of 
battle with the odiers, giving also a plan of Brussels, of Waterloo, 
Wood of Soignes, 8cc. endded *^ An Historical Map and Plan of 
the whole Theatre of Acdon, describing every retrograde, advance, 
or other movements of the Enemy as well as die Allied 1 roops, 
from die be^ning of the operations on the. 14th and 15th of June, 
to the 19th and 20th. This map is also sold separate. Price 
7s. 6d. ; in Case, for TraoellerSj 10«. 6d. It also offers itself as a most 
excellent guide to those who may choose to make'a pilgrimage to this 
spot, its accuracy having been proved by an officer of rank wIk» 
talked over the ground with it before it was engraved. 



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II4^USTRATIONS 

TO 

BOOTHS BATTLrE OF WATERLOO, 

BY A NEAR OBSERVER, 
Drawn by Capt. G. Jones — Engraved by S. MiTAN, <^c. 



No. Page Voi. 

1 " The Duke of WelUngton having shown the Duke 
of Brunswick a letter, changed his horse, and tiiey 

set off together" 4 . . - . 92 I 

2 BATTLE OF LIGNY. " It was here a contest 

began, the most obstinale recorded m Histor^f" . 202 I 

3 BATTLE OF LIGNY. " Mar. Blucfaer, stunned 

by the violent &li, lay eatangled under his horse" • 89, 203 1 

4 BATTLE OF QUATRE BRAS. "SirT.Picton 

ordering the charge of Sir Janes Kemp's Brigade 62 1 

5 BATTLE OF QUATRE BRAS. Sir T. Bebon and 

28th regt. " the square remained steady" ... 82 2 

6 BATTLE OF QUATRE BRAS. U.-CoL Macara 

of the 42d regt. . i . 75 I 

7 BATTLE OF QUATRE BRAS. 71st regt. « The 
piper suddenly struck up the ' Pibroch/ and followed 

into the thickest of tiie fight" •. ^ 37 I 

8 BATTLE OF QUATRE BRASw •* FftU of the 

Duke of Brunswick" . 87,M, 111 1 

9 GUARDS^ OFFICERS. <« The last IriWte to tiie 

brave^ .' .. . 69 1 



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References and Li*t of Plate$ t% 

No. Pai^ VoU 

10 *' M ARQUrS OF ANGLESEY charging on Uie 17th 

of June, at the entrance into Genappe « • . . 72 I 

11 THE DUKE OF WELLINGTON AND HIS 
STAFF at the commencement of the action on the 

18th of June . 32 I 

12 DEFENCE OF HOUGOMONT. '* Who succeeded 

in gaining grekt part of the wood*' 26, 43 2 

13 HOUGOMONT. " The Artillery officers had the 
range so accurately; that every shot and shell fell 

into the very centre of their masses*' ' 15, 43 2 

14 " The Duke led on a brigade, consisting of the 52d 

and 95th rcgt." . ., . 64,33 1 

15 LA HAVE SAINTE. '• Close by a large bdldin^ 

occupied alternately by friend and foe'' .... 65 2 

16 WATERLOO, 2 P. M. " Left of the British line. 
Charge of the Royals, Grtys, and Inniskillings, con- 
ducted by the Marqub of Anglesey and Sir W. 
Ponsonby. The body of Gen. Picton, who fell 
leading on the infantry, is borne from the field. 
The village of Frichermont in the distance ... 

17 PONSONBY'S BRIGADE. " At this critical mo- 
ment, the Marquis of Anglesey galloped up" . . ^2 

18 Maj.-Gen. Sir W. Ponsonby's Brig, charging, " the 
Greys, preserved a beautiful line at speed. After 
considerable resistmfice, the Eagles of the 45th and 

106th regts. were seised" 56 S 

19 The faU of Maj.-Gen. Sir W. Ponsonby, K. C. B. 58 2 

20 " French Cuirassiers advanced to the mouth of our 

<pannon, &c. three o'clock" .. . •. ■. . . . • 54»67 1 

21 Singular gallantry of an Officer of the Imperial. 

Guards 63 1 



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Booth's Battle of Waterloo. 

No. F*gt Va 

M The Hon. Lieut.-Col. Ponsonby, 12th Drag- " Ah ! 

Brigand ; tu n'est pas mort done" 87 d 

28 LIEUT.GENERAL SIR T. PICTON fcU in tiie 

thickest of the fight .......... 36 1 

24 The Greys and 92d cheered and huzzard *' ScotUind 

for ever" 79 I 

25 Cor|)oral Shaw of the I ife Guards 30 1 

26 Sergeant Taylor, 18th Hussars and French Cuiras- 
siers, " ha ! ha !" &c 68 2 

27 BUUNSWICKERS SALAMANDERS. Cuirassiers 

repulsed by a square of Bruns wickers .... 65 1 

28 '* Up, Guards, and at them !" 68 1 

29 GENERAL LORD HILL AND 13TH. "Drive 

them back, Idth!" : . . 69 2 

80 WATERLOO, 8 p. M. Right of the British line. 
The Duke of Wellington ordering the general ad- 
vance, at the time the Enemy's columns were repulsed 
by the Guards, and taken in flank by Gen. Adam's 
Brigade. The wood of Hougoniont is on the right, 
and the Observatory in the distance 

81 WATERLOO, 8 P. m. Centre of the British Ime. 
The Marquis of Auglesey, on the general advance, 
directing the Brigades of cavalry on the right of La 
Haye Sainte. La Belle Alliance, the road to Char- 
leroi, and the spires of Planchenois in the distance 

82 "NOW EVERY MAN MUST ADVANCE!' 61 2 
88 " It was at LA BELLE ALLIANCE, pierced 

through and through, they accidently met" . • • 89 1 

S4 The retreat at Genappe. " The Duke fell yesterday, 

and thou shall also bite the dusf' ...... 90 1 



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FROM THE STRAITS OPBOVEM 




' ADDITIONAL PARTICULARS, 

TO TUB 

,^KPIHB (DIP Wii^lBlBaiDDd 



WITH 

CIRCUMSTANTIAL DiJTAILS, 

BY A NEAR OBSERVER; 

CHUFLT COMMVMICATED BY 

TAFF AND REGIMENTAL OFFICERS, 
PRESENT AT THE BATTLE, 

WITH THE 

'MES OF THE OFFICERS 

WHO WEBE EMfLOTED IN THE 

AMPAIGN OF THE NETHERLANDS, 1815. 




Battle of Waterioo bas formed one of the greatest epochs 

ory and politics. Every thing which relates to the immoptal 

■ the 18th of June, 1815,. is secure of fixing our attention; 

tories pf the campaign of four days, which has put an end 

power of the 'modem Gengis Khan, may well bp multipUed ; 

are insufficient to satisfy the public curiosity, as they have 

. ^^L^ fed ; and new works are offering the^lselves on all sides, 

fty^^^ every, form. The fields pf Waterloo ; the farms of Mont St. 

» ij^ .'^ La Haye Sainte, and La Belle Alliance, and the ruins of 

/\ ateau of ' Hougpmont (more properly Gomont), have abready 

^'^/^ le classic soil They are visited at this day by all travellers, 

world went formerly to visit holy places. People set ont 

'russels, and the three leagues which are to.be passed 

i^M*^*^ ^ the forest of Soignies, like a new Via Sacra; by inspiring 

collection^ prepare the minds of thos^ who perform this 

of pilgrimage for the strong emotions which they are 

II. B 



^ 



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2 Additional Partictdars to 

involuntarily to experience when they arrive, on quitting {he 
forest, at the brancliing of the roads which leads, on the right 
to ]Nivelles and Braine la Leqde, and on the left to Ohain and 
Wav're. Every step which tliey make beyond this spot, as far as 
Charleroi, produces some grand recollection. Here, say (hey. it 
was fought — ^under the auspice3 of England and her Allies, against 
the infenml Genius of Evil, and his horrible satellites ! Here, the 
monster was tiirown down fpr ever by the heroes in whom Eng- 
land has gloried through all ages ! It may one day be written on 
the monuments which shall rise at Waterloo, (what Quinautha« 
said of the Titans); 

ti&i superbes grants, arm^ contre les depx^ 

Ne nous donnent pfau d'^pouvaato ; 
Nous avons vu tpmber leur chef aadacieox : 

WetHngtoH Ta contiraiDt de vomir & nos yeax 
iiea restes enflamm^ de sa rage mourante ; 

Wellington est victorieox ; 
£t tout cMe kYeSoTi de ta main fondroymite, 

- One month after the battle of the 18th of June, I visited the 
field of bottle* At the distance of a mile and half from Brussels, 
the road ascends a considerable eminence, which commands a fine 
view of the city and surrounding country. The fields exhibited a 
profusion of divine bounty. We soon after entered an immense 
beech-forest, called Soignies. The road through it is a dreary 
vista of more than seven miles in length, very roughly paved, and 
barely wide enough for two carriages to pass with safety. Twelve 
or thirteen miles from Brussels is Waterloo, standing low and flat. 
Advancing a mile and half on the same road, are some small cottages 
which resemble an English hamlet, called Mont St. Jean, and which 
stands on the Northern boundary of the field of battle. From an ad- 
joining eminence, the view resembles that of several large English 
fields uninclosed, and separated from each other by stout hedges, 
which mark the boundaries of respective parishes. Their produce 
had been chiefly rye and barley. From East and West, the eye 
ranges about twelve to fourteen miles, and five to six North to South. 



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Bootb*s BattU qf Waierloo. 3 

The Duke of Weffington's DLipatch affords at once a clear 
idea of the positioii which the contending armies occupied. Ihat 
pf the British consisted of a rai^e of gently rising grounds, ra- 
ther than hills, while that of the army opposed to them was consi- 
derably more elevated. '' So important a battle perhaps was never 
before fought within so small an extent of ground. I computed 
the distance between Hougoumont and Papelot, at tiiree miles ; 
in a straight line, it may probably not exceed two fmd ^ hol^" 

^< Smsll theatre for such a tragedy."— SouTHEYr 



2%e Duhe of WelHnffton appointed to command HU M<ge»ty9 
forces, — ^g arrives at Brussels. — Organization qf the Anglo^ 
HtmQvprian qrmy commanded by hi^ Gfoce.* 

On the 26th of Mi^ch, the Prince Beg^t was pleased to ap« 
point Field Marshal the Puke of WeUingtoji Commander of Hia 
Majesty's fproes pn the Continept of Europe; His Grace left 
Vienp^ immediately afterwards, and arrived at Srus^els on the 
5th of Aprilf On the lOth, His Royal Highness the Prince of 
Orange tpok leave of the troops, as their Commander-in-Chief, in 
a general Order ; in which he states, that in delivering over the 
command pf the British and Hanoverians, he desired to congra- 
tulate them on tbat command being placed in the more able hands 
of Field Marshal the Duke of Wellington. fi\% Royal Highness 
took that oppprtujiity of returning bis thanks to liieutenanVG^ 
neral Sir Henry Clinton, the General Officers, and heads of de- 
partments, for the cordial support which they bad on all occa- 
sions afforded him, and begged to express his approbation of the 
troops in quarters, adding, that he considered their strict pr^ 
servation of discipline as the best pledge of tbeir conduct in the 

* Vide Pr. HaUiday's acGauiit>-Paris, 1$16. 

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4 AddUioned Particulars to 

field, should they be called into action. ** His Royal BUghnets 
reflects with great pride and satisfaction,'^ continues the General 
Order, " that he is to continue to serve with the British Army,, 
under a chief, with whom he has been so long associated.'' 

The Duke of Wellington assumed the conmiand on the lltii,* 
and his first care was to organize the army entrusted to his com- 
mand. The King of the Netherlands was pleased to entrust His 
Grace with the command of his troops also ; so that be became 
Generalissin^o of the Allied Army. 

The Duke formed the whole of the force under his conunand, 
consisting of British, Dutch, and Hanoverian troops, with the con- 
tingents of Nassau and Brunswick Oels, into two great corps. He 
gave the command of the first corps to His Royal Highness the 
Prince of Orange, and that, of the second to lieutenant-General 
Lord Hill. This was done, as his Grace stated in his general 
order, with the view of amalgamating the whole ; and to enable 
them to move together, and act in concert. But though the 
whole were thus united, and each corps subjected in every tiling 
to the command of its respective Chief, it was expressly declared, 
Ibat every thing which related to the discipline of the OflScers and 
soldiers of each nation, the provisioning, clothing, and equipment, 
and means of transport, was to remain under the direction of the 
Officers, civil and military, of the respective nations. Each grand 
corps consisted of so many divisions of cavalry and infantry, and 
each division of so many brigades. f 

Our cavalry and horse artillery, in passing through the Nether- 
lands, excited universal admiration. The fineness of our horses, 
and their equipments, were far superior to any thing they had ever ' 
seen ; and the Jacobins were quite delighted to think, that Buona- 
parte would soon be able to mount his dragoons with such fine 
horsQS. Indeed, they did not hesitate to say, that the Eng^lish 

♦ General Order, dated 11th of April, 1815, Head-Quarters, Brussels. His 
Royal Highness the Prince Regent having appointed Field Marshal the Doke 
of Wellington to be Commander of His M^esty's forces on the €otitin«nt of 
Europe, all rei)orts, in future, arc to be made to His Grace, 
t Vide Vol. I. pages 31, 22, 23, 



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Booth's Baiile of Waterloo. 6 

might fight by sea, because it was our element, but that oor troops 
would not stand one hour before Buonaparte. Our army was 
too showy to be good, and our soldiers too civil to be brave ! 
Such was the language of the. discontented in Belgium, of whom 
there were a few ; but the event has proved how much they were 
mistaken. 



Opening of the campaign. — Buondparte takes Charkroi, and ad- 
vances into Belgium. — Battle of St. AmandandLigng, in which 
the Prussian Army is defeated. — British defeat Marshal Neys 
corps at Quatre-Bras, 

What was properly called the French army of the North, con- 
sisted only of two corps; but these corps were composed entirely of 
old soldiers, the elite of the whole Empire, abd such as were most 
attached to the person of Buonaparte. About the beginning of 
June, the head-quarters of this army were at Laon ; the first corps 
occupied Valenciennes, and the second Maubeuge. On its right, 
it communicated with the army of the Ardennes, and that of the 
Moselle, while its left rested upon the strong garrison of Lille. 
The whole of these armies, however, had been put in motion 
some days previous to Buonaparte's* quitting the Capital. The army 
of the North, and that of the Ardennes, efiected a junction at 
Beaumont, on the 13th ; and the army of the Moselle, whose head- 
quarters were at Metz, quitted its cantonments on the 5th and 
6th, and came into the grand line by Philippe ville on the same 
day. All these movements were effected with the usual precision 
. and alacrity of the French armies; and when Buonaparte arrived 
at Avesnes, he found his whole force in line, and ready to move on 
any point. As yet, his intentions were unknown, even to his own 
Generals ; but on the morning of the I4th, he put an end to their 
suspense, by a general order, which was the first and last he had 
occasion^ to issue during the campaign. 



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6 Additional Partictdars to 

The force which Booiuqparte had witb him, consisted of five 
corps of infantry, and four corps of caipahry, 

Tlie Allied army under the Doke of Wellington, after its or» 
ganization, was cantoned along the frontiers of Belgium, firom 
Nieuport to Charieroi. Tlie head*qiiarters of the Duke of Wel- 
lington remained at Brussels, with the reserve of the army ; asdr 
although the troops were so placed, that they could be collected 
on any point in the space of twelve hours, yet no order could be 
given for • their moving, until the direction in which Buonaparte 
intended to advance, was perfectly aiscertained. 

On the Idth of June, the campaign commenced with the dawn 
of day, by an attack upon the out-posts of the Prussian army. 
This army was commanded by ("ield Marshal Prince Bludier 
of Wahlstatt, consisted of four corps, and occupied the remainder 
of the Belgic frontier. The points of concentration of the several 
corps, were Fleurus, Namur, Ancy, and Hannut. Buonaparte 
advanced the 2d corps of his army by Thuin, along tiiie banks 
of the Sambre, (a part of it having crossed that river at Sofare 
sur Sambre), upon the town of Charieroi, and drove die advimced 
posts of Gen. Ziethen's corps b^ok upon the bridge of Marchienne. 
After a very smart action, the Prussian General was oU%ed to 
retire behind the river, and collect his corps near Fleurus : and 
as he considered Charieroi untenable, the troops stationed in thsii 
town were withdrawn, and the French cavafary entered it about 
mid-day. The Prussians defended their advanced posts on the 
15th with great bravery, and it was only the overwhebning force 
which was brought against Ziethenfs corps, that induced that 
General to withdraw his advance, in order that he might con- 
centrate his whole force near Fleurus, whtoh he did so eflTectuaUy, 
as to put ci stop to the enemy's progress for that day. 

Tliere was now no longer any doubt, as to the direotton by 
which Buonaparte intended to penetrate into Belgium ; and tiw 
Duke of Wellington immediately gave orders for tfie army under his 
^mmand, to concentrate on the extreme of its positiw^ near the 
great road from Brussels to Charieroi, and in a fine between 



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JboothU Motile of Waterloo. 7 

KWelled ahd Namiir* The fifth division of the British ariny^ with 
tho coipa of die Duke of Bruoswiok Qek, left Brussels about 
S A. M « on the 16th^ and advanced towards the position where 
the whole army was ordered to assemblei 

One brigade of the Dutch troops, which was in advance towards 
Charleroi^ had been attacked^ when the Prussians fell back on the 
15th> and driven firomits advanced position near Frasnes; but the 
Prince of Orange having moved up another brigade of the same 
army» they were able to repulse the enemy, and in the evening 
they r^^ained the greater part of the ground which had been lost 
throughout the day. On the morning of the 16th, Prince Blucher, 
who was determined to meet Buonaparte with all Jiis strength, had 
posted the army under his command on the heights between the 
tillages of Brie and Sombref, and to some distance beyond Som- 
bref. In front of this line, he occupied the villages of St. Amand 
and Ligny with a very considerable force. 

The enemy was delayed in his advance for some hours, on die 
morning of the 16th, in passing the Sambre with the remtunder of 
his troops. But as soon as that was accomplished, Buonaparte made 
his di^ositions for attack, while he carried the great body of his 
force against the Prussian Une. Marshal Ney, who had joined the 
army on the evening of -tiie Idth, and who had been appointed to 
command the left wing, was directed to advance by Gosselies and 
Frasnes, and attack the British position. The force under Mar- 
shal Ney, consisted of the 1st and 2d corps of infantry,, and four 
divisions of cavahry. 

The 3d, 4tfa, and 6th corps, with the guard in reserve, were 
ordered to attack the Prussian position in front, while the fifth 
corps under Grouchy, and a division of cavalry, were detached 
towards Sombref, on the Namur road, with the view of manoeu- 
vring on that flank. 

On debouching from Fleurus, Buonaparte had an opportunity 
of reconnoitring the position of Marshal Blucher with more pre- 
cision. He immediately placed the 1st corps belonging to the 
left wing, under Ney, with two divisions of heavy cavalry, behind the 



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8 Additional Particulars to 

the village of Frasnes, on the right, and at a litde distance from die 
Brussels road, where it was to form a reserve, that could be brought 
up to support either hb attack upon the Prussians, or Ne/s attack 
upon the British. The dd corps was ordered to advance in colunm 
to carry the village of Saint Amand, while the 4th corps, supported 
by the gua^d and the cavalry, was ordered to attack Ligny. 

The euemy advanced in overpowering masses upon Saint Amand, 
where (he action first commenced, on the mormng of the l6th. The 
brave Prussians defended this part of their advanced poskion with 
great firmness, and it was not till after a long and sanguinary conflict, 
that they were obliged to yield for a time to superior numbers. The 
4th corps comuienced its attack upon the village of Ligny about 
mid-day, and by one o'clock p. m. the action may be said to have 
become general throughout the whole of the extended line of the 
Allied British and Prussian armies* Grouchy by that time had 
attacked the •xtreme left beyond Sombref, and Ney had come in 
contact with the advance of the army under the Duke of Wellington, 
near Frasnes. But it was in the villages of St. Amand and ligny, 
diat the greatest struggle for victory took place, between the con- 
teod^g armies. There the battle continued for five hours, it may 
be said, almost in the villages themselves, as the movements forwards 
and backwards, during that period, were confined to a very narrow 
space. Fresh troops were constantly moved up on both sides; and 
as each army had immense masses of infantry behind that part of the 
village which it occupied, these served to maintain the combat, as they 
were ^continually receiving reinforcements from the rear. Upwards 
of QOO pieces of cannon were directed against the villages, and they 
were frequently on fire in many places. 

About 4 o'clock. Prince Blucher placed himself at the head of 
' a battalion of infantry, and charged with them into the village of St 
Amand. After a dreadful struggle, he gained possession of th^ 
greater part of it. The enemy were panic-struck, and the victory 
seemed so doubtful, that Buonaparte was obliged to send in all haste 
for the 1st corps, which he had left in reserve near Frasnes ; .at the 
very moment too^^ that it had become equally necessary to Marshal 



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Bmth's Bdttk of Waterloo. 9 

Nejy whose oohimnsy having been repulsed by the 5th division of 
British infantry, were retiring in great confusion. 

The advantage which Blucher had so nobly gained, was of little 
importance to the general action in which his troops were engaged. 
At Ligny, the battle still raged with unabated vigour ; and though 
the evening was far advanced, the victory remained undecided. The 
badness of the roads, and the difficulties which Gen. Bulow had to 
encounter in his march, prevented his corps from getting up on the 
l6th; so that Blucher had only three corps of hb army in position; 
and though they had repulsed every attack which had been made 
upon them, the danger was becoming urgent, as all the divisions 
were engaged, or had already been so, and there was no reserve at 
hand. 

As the night advanced, the enemy, favoured by the darkness, made 
a drcuit round the village of Ligny, with a division of infantry on one 
aide; and, without being observed, got into the rear of the main body 
of the Prussian army, at the same moment that some regiments of 
cuirassiers fonied their passage on the other side of the village. This 
movement decided the day, and Field-Marshal Blucher was obliged 
to commence his retreat ; yet his brave columns, though surprised, 
were not dbmayed. They formed themselves into solid masses, and, 
repulsing every attack which the enemy made upon them, retired in 
perfect good order to their original ground, upon the heights above 
the village, and from thence continued, unmolested, their retrograde 
movement upon Tilly. 

The badness of the roads obliged the Field-Marshal to abandon 
some of his artillery, during this retreat; but, except the badly 
wounded, the enemy made very few prisoners. At one time the ve- 
teran warrior had a very narrow escape from being taken prisoner 
himself. Wherever the battle was hottest, there Blucher. was to be 
found ; and wherever it was of importance to carry a point, he led 
his troops to the charge in person. During his retreat, a charge of 
cavalry which he had led, having failed, the enemy were vigorously 
purAiing his broken squadrons, when a musket-ball having struck his 
horse, it bounded forward with increased velocity for a moment, then 
sudcfenly dropped dead. The Field-Marshal, stunned with the fiill, lay 



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10 Additional Particulars to 

eatangled under Lib horse, and a iwhole regiment <tf cainmiers ga2-« 
loped past him. Immediately afterwards, the Prussian ctmbrj 
ha^g formed, charged the enemy, and were in turn victorious ; aod 
the same regiment of cuirassiers, in their flight, again galloped past 
the Field-Marshal, who then, and not tiU then, was relieved from hit 
perilous situation, and enabled to mount a horse belonging to one of 
his own dragoons. 

The Duke of Wellington, having given orders for the army under 
his command to concentrate on the left, proceeded with the fiftb 
division and the Duke of Brunswick-Oels' corps, in die direction of 
Charleroi. About two o'clock on the afternoon of the l6th, the 
head of the British column reached the farm of Quatre Bras, 90 
named from its standing near where the roads from Brussels to 
Charlieroi, and from NiveUes to Namur, cross each other. The 
advance of the enemy under Ney, who had again driven the Dutch 
troops from their position near Frasnes, had nearly reached the same 
spot ; and General Ke'mpt*s brigade had scarcely time to deploy 
from the great road, before it was attacked by the enemy's cavalry, 
supported by heavy masses of his infantry. Notliing could exceed 
the daring intrepidity of the French troops at this moment ; their 
success on •the 15th, and confidence in their leader, added to the na- 
ttiral bravery of die troops, made them advance with almost a cer- 
tain^ of victory. The sudden appearance of overwhelming masses 
of cavalry, and the rapidity with which they charged our infantry, 
before they had time to throw themselves into squares, created some 
little confusion in one or two regiments. Indeed, so daring were the 
French cuirassiers, that a regiment actually cut mto the square of the 
4£d Highlanders; but they paid dear for their temerity, as few ever 
returned to their lines ; and the Highlanders had ample revenge for 
the loss of their brave Colonel Sir Robert Macara. The 3d bat- 
talion of die Royal Scots, 2Sth, and 1st battalion of the 95th, were 
warmly engaged for several hours on the left of the Brussels road; 
while General Pack's brigade, consisting of the 44th, 7dth, and 9^ 
regiments, with die 4fid already mentioned, succeeded completely 
in repelling the ^lemy on the right, after an equally arduous contest. 

About 4 o'clock, the first division under Major-General Cooke, 

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Booih^s Battle of Waterloo. U 

tod dd under Liutenant-Greiwral Sir Charies Alten> came up, and 
were also immediately engaged. Th^ enemy was naw driven 
from his grcnmd, and obliged to retire to the position which he 
had bccnpied the night before, and where he had some dfficulty 
in miuataining himseify until the darkness put an end to the coni» 
bat. The troops of the Dul^e of Brunswick distinguished them- 
Belv&i very much on Ae afternoon of the l6th; and His Serene 
Highness was unfortuaiilely kUed at die head of his brave hussars. 

The enemy had many advantages over the handful of British 
troops that were in the field diis day. Few of our guns, and 
aone of our cavalry, came up till late in the evening; and inde- 
pendent of the four divisions of cavalry which Ney had under his 
commimd, his inianl37 niore than outnumbered the British. Ney 
has stated, Aat the removal of the 1st corps from under faia 
"cominand by Buonaparte, was the cause of his want of success; 
and certainly had he been able to bring his two corps, and all 
his cavalry, against the 5th division, which was engaged sinf^j 
for nearly two hours, he would in all probability have over- 
whelmed that divbion. But after the first and third divisions had 
come up, I am inclined to think that his success would have 
been doubtful, even with his whole forced. 



June leth, 19\5. 

At daylight on the morning of the 17tb, the army having come 
up, the Duke of Wellington showed his whole force, and in a maih* 
ner challenged the enemy to fight; but as they did not seem in« 
clined t0 accept the challenge, and as he had learned in the 
course of the morning that Marshal Blucher had continued his re*- 
trograde movement upon Gembloux, where the 4th corps of bis 
army, under General Bnlow, had joined him, and that he had 
decided on conc^itn^ing^ his whole force in the environs of Wavre, 
still more in the rear; the Duke determined also to retire upon 
the position in front of the village of Waterloo. The movements 



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12 Ac^tional Particulars to 

intended by the two Commanders, were matnally conimmiicateii 
to each other ; and the Duke, in stathig his arrangements ta the 
FieM-Marshal, added, that it was his intention to ddSend tiie 
position which he had chosen, and requested, if the enemy shonld 
attack next day, that he (Field-Marshal Blucher) would support 
him With two divisions of his army., Blucher replied, that he was 
Teady to support the British army with his whole force ; stating at 
the same time, that it was his opinion, should Buonaparte not 
attack, that they ought to attack him next day with their united 
armies. 

About eleren o'clock on the forenoon of the 17th, orders were 
giren for the infantry to move to tie rear, while the cavalry and 
some light troops took up a position in front. The enemy re* 
mained quietly on the ground he had occupied the preceding 
night, in front of the British line. Buonaparte, who had left about 
twenty thousand infantry, and Grenerai Pajol's division of cavalry, 
under the orders of Marshal Grouchy, to watch the motions of the 
Prussian army, proceeded with the remainder of his force to the 
position which the troops under Marshal Ney occupied; but before 
bid arrangements were' completed, and his orders given for his 
army to advance, our infantry had nearly finished their march, and 
were about to take up their ground in the new position. His 
troops advanced in strong columns of attack ; but when they 
reached the heights above the village of Frasnes, Buonaparte found, 
to his great surprise, that the British army had retreated, and that 
the troops against which his columns were advancing, were nothing 
mote than a strong rear-guard, which fell back as bis troops ad- 
vanced. He ordered his cavalry immediately to advance in pursuit, 
and his columns of infantry continued their march in the direction 
of Brussels. Buonaparte, who was with his advance, kept his 
cavalry up with our rear-guard during the whole of the day. Tlie 
French -army, wben it found no enemy to oppose its progress 
during the day, is said to have believed, with its usual levity, that 
the greater part of the British force was destroyed, and that the 
remainder were flying to the ships at Antwerp and Ostend. 
The position which the British army now toolrup, had been 



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Booth's Battle of fVaterloo. IS 

ohosen with great judgment, from its proximity to the extensive 
forest of Soignies. The village of Waterloo li^ upon the great 
road from Brussels to Charleroi, embosomed in the forest; and 
a few scattered houses extend to anothej small village called 
Mont-Saint-John : about a quarter of a mile in front of this latter 
Tillage, there is a rising ground which crosses the great road already 
mentioned, and extends from a farm-house called Ter-la-Haye 
on the left, to the village of Merbe-Fe-Braine on the right, crossing 
also the road from Brussels to Nivelles, which diverges from the 
road to Charleroi at the village of Mont*Saint-John. It was on this 
rising ground that the Allied army, commanded by Field-Marshal 
the Duke of Wellington, or more property the first corps of that 
army, took up its position on the evening of the 17th of June. 
The 2d corps under the command of Lord Hill, (with the exception 
of the 4th division and the troops of the Netherlands, under Prince 
Frederick of Orange, who were left to guard an important position 
at Halle) was placed in reserve on the right of the position, and in 
front of the village of Merbe-le-Braine, with its right resting on 
Braine-la-Leud. The infantry bivouacked a little under the ridge of 
the rising ground, and the cavalry in the hollow ground in rear of 
the infantry. Excepting a few round shot which the enemy occa-^' 
sionally fired while our troops were deploying into their position, 
nothings of any moment occurred during that afternoon or the 
whole of lie night. 

It had rained almost incessantly during the greater part of the 
17th, and the weather was very tempestuous during the night. 
The ground afforded no cover for the troops ; so that generals^ 
officers, and men, were equally exposed to the rain, which fell in tor- 
rents. Buonaparte slept at the farm-house of Caillou near Plan- 
chenois ; and his army halted in the neighbourhood of Genappe. 
The Duke of Wellington slept at a small public house in the 
Tillage of Waterioo. 

This night, which was dreadfiil to the soldier, must have been 
«tiU more so to the wretched inhabitants of the country which the 
armies occupied; obliged to abandon their hon^ble dwellings in 
despair, they had fled to the deep recesses of the fores for 



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14 Additional Particulars to 

security, and in the hope of saving their lives. The rich crops of 
grain, which were fast hastening to matority, wore trodden under 
foot, or eaten up by the cavahcy, and the helpless fanner saw the 
labotir of a whole year destroyed in a single day ; hoases of all 
kinds were destroyed or burnt to ashes; and the inhabitants, 
herding in the forest, must have felt uncertain even of their 
own fate, should chance have , conducted any of the plundering 
banditti to their lonely retreat* 

The French officers who have written the account of the battle 
of Waterloo, assure us, that Buonaparte as well as his army 
believed that the Duke of Wellington had continued bis retreat 
during the night; and it is said, he expressed himself as quite 
delighted when he found, on the morning of the 18th, that our 
troops still occupied the ground they had taken up the night 
before. Afraid, as it would seem, that we might still steal away, 
the most pressing orders were sent to hasten up his columns from 
the rear, that he might commence the attack which was to anni- 
hilate us. 

As soon as day-light appeared on the m<Mning of the 18tb, the 
British army could perceive, from its position, '"!"M*Ff^ masses of 
the* enemy moving in every direction, and by two o'clock the 
whole of his force appeared to be collected on the heights and 
in the ravines which ran parallel with the British position. 

The French army, when concentrated in front of our position^ ' 
consisted of four corps of infantry including the Guard, and three 
corps of cavalry ; and if the report of a staff officer of that army is 
to be credited, it presented an effective grand total of one hundred 
and twenty thousand men. 

A little to the left of the road from Brussels to NiveUes and in 
the hollow ground in front of the British line, there is a gentleman's 
Gopntry-house with its appendages, called Hougomont. (For a mare 
detailed account of the splendid €u;hievement which the British tn- 
fantry performed in the drfence of this never-to-b&forgotten fpot, 
vide article following this — (P^^ ^0 -^ walled garden, vdth a 
considerable orchard, and several acres of wood, surround the 
house, and extend for a considerable way into. the plain. The 



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Booth's BattU of fVaierloo. 15 

Duke of Wellington had occupied this house, as also the 
garden and wood, with a part of Major-General Cooke's division 
of the Guards, and a regiment of the troops of Nassau : it was 
a, post of the utmost importance ; for while it was held, the enemy 
could not approach our right. Buonaparte also saw the importance 
of that position, and the necessity which there was for his getting 
possession of it : he sent orders to Marshal Ney, who commanded 
the left wing of his army, to direct such a force upon Hougomont 
as should at once take possession of it. 

It was now eleven o'clock, and every thing seemed to indicate 
that the awful contest was about to commence. The weather had 
cleared up, and the sun shone a little as the battle begun, and the 
armies . within 800 yards of each other, the Duke of Wellington, 
with his usual quickness, had soon perceived the nature of the 
attacks that would be made upon his line ; and when the troops 
stood to their arms in the morning, he gave orders that they should 
be formed into squares of half battalions, and in that state to await 
die enemy's attack. , 

Marshal Ney, as soon as Buoni^arte's order was communicated 
to him, directed the division of infantry commanded by Jerome 
Buonaparte, to advance upon Hougomont; and about half past 
eleven o'clock, the -first columns of this division made their ap- 
pearance upon the ravine, or rather hollow ground, which leads 
down from the public-house of La Belle Alliance to the Chateao. 
The two brigades of artillery belonging to General Cooke's division 
bad taken up a position on the ridge of die hill in front of the line 
of infantry, and the moment the enemy made his appearance, our 
nine-pounders opened upon his columns. The artillery officers 
had got the range so accurately, that almost every shot and shell 
fell in the very centre of his masses ; so great was the effect pro- 
duced by these few guns, that all Jerokne's bravery could not 
make his fellows advance, and in a moment they were again hid by 
the rising ground from under cover of which they had but just 
^emerged. This, which was the commencement of the action, was 
considered a very favourable omen by our brave fellow^ who 
witnessed it ; and for a short time they were much lunused with the 



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l6 Additioiuil Particulars to 

manoeuvres of Jerome's division, and the cautious manner in wUeli 
it seemed to emerge from its iiiding-place. 

This state of things, however, did- not continue long, as other 
great movements were observed to be preparing llirougfaout tbe 
enemy's line. A powerful artillery was brought to bear upon out 
guns that had so annoyed his first advance, and General Jerome's 
troops gained the outskirts of the wood, where they became en- 
gaged ¥dth our light troops. By mid-day* the cannonade was 
general. 

The great road from Brussels to Charleroi ran through the centre 
of the British position. Upon the right of this road, and upon die 
declivity of what is properly called the (^'gbt or Mount of Saiot- 
John, there is a large farm-house with office, called La Haye Sainte, 
which are surrounded by a high wall. The garden attached to this 
home, which has only a brush-wood ' fence, runs for about fifly 
yards into the plain : this formed another covering point of import- 
ance, which the Duke had taken care to occupy with a consideraUe 
force of the light troops of the King's Geroian Legion. 

The great object of Buonaparte, in this important battle, was 
evidently to force our centre, and at the same time turn our r^t 
flank ; so that by surrounding and taking prisoners, as it were, one 
half of our line, he might completely paralyse and destroy the 
effect of the other half. Unfortunately, our centre was the weakest 
part of our position, and upon that part he directed his first grand 
attack to be made about noon. 

An immense mass of intantry, followed by a column of upwards of 
twelve thousand cavalry, advanced upon the points occupied by the 
dd and 5th divisions, and the left of the Guards, covered by a fire firom 
upwards of one hundred pieces of artillery. These columns, which 
seemed to advance with a certainty of success, were led by Count 
d'Erlon in person. They advanced almost to the muzzles-of our 
muskets ; but here they soon found they had Britons.to contend with ; 
our fellows gave them a volley— *-and, cheering, rushed on to the 
charge, which they did not stand to receive, and our cavalry emerging 
from the hollow ground where they had hitherto been concealed fnm 
the enemy's view, passed through the openings between the squares 



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Booth's Battle of Waterloo. 17 

and charging Ae enemy's cavalry, succeeded completely in disper- 
sing th^m, and driving them back upon their o>^ n line. 

In this conflict, which was dreadfid while it lasted, the enemy 
was baffled in all his attempts, and, besides the killed and wounded, 
lost several thousand prisoners and an Eagle ; but the British 
army had also to lament the loss of its brightest ornaments, and His 
Majesty, one of his best Officers. The gallant Sir Thomas Picton 
fell, mortally wounded, in leading on the 5th division. He had only 
joined the army on the 15th. His exertions contributed greatly to 
the success of the l6th, when his division was engaged singly for 
several hours with the troops under Ney. Though severely wounded, 
he concealed it from every one but his servant, and went 
through all the fatigues of the 17th. On the 18th, as the Duke of 
Wellington has feelingly expressed it in the public Dispatch, *< he 
fell gloriously, leading his division to a charge with bayonets, by 
which one of the most serious attacks made by the enemy upon our 
position was defeated." - 

From the commencement of the action, little manoeuvring was 
necessary in either army. The points which Buonaparte had first at- 
tacked, were again and again assailed with fresh troops, which obliged 
tbe Duke to move up reinforcements to Hougomont and to the 
centre. So overwhelming were the masses that were brought to bear 
upon these points, that victory sometimes seemed to hover over the 
Imperial Eagles ; but the consummate judgment of Wellington, and 
the bravery of the British troops, overcame all the efforts of the enemy. 

About 3 o'clock, when Buonaparte found that Jerome's division 
could not drive the Guards from Hougomont, he ordered the Chateau 
to be set on fire. The shells from several mortars which were brought 
to bear upon the houses, soon had the desired effect: but our 
troops, retiring into the garden, did not yield one inch of their ground ; 
and tde only thing which the enemy gained by this cruel measure, 
was the destruction of a few of our wounded, who were too ill to be 
removed, and who fell a prey to the flames. The troops in La 
Haye Sainte, having expended their ammunition, were obliged to 
retire for a moment from that point, and the enemy got possession of 
the house and garden ; but as soon as a reinforcement of our troops 

Vol. II. c 



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\ 



18 * Additional Particulars to 

could be moved up, he was driven from that as well as from eveiy 
other point which he had attacked : and at no penod during the day, 
nothwithfltandi^g the heavy masses of infantry and cavalry which were 
advanced against our centre, time after time, was he ever able to 
force our position; and the possession of the advanced post of 
La Haye Sainte for a few minutes, may be said to have been the 
greatest advantage he ever gained. The battle continued to rage 
with unabated fiiry, and the number of brave men who were conti- 
nually falling on both sides was very great, while the rapidity with 
which the columns 'of attack succeeded each other, seemed to in- 
dicate for a time, that the resources of the enemy were inexhaustible. 
The artillery on both sides was well served : but Buooaparte had 
upwards of two hundred and fifty pieces in the field ; while the train 
of the Allied army under the Duke of Wellington did not exceed one 
hundred guns, nine-pounders and six-pounders. Notwithstanding our 
inferiority in this arm, which was still more apparent from the sise 
of the enemy's guns (being IS-pouuders) than from their numbers, 
ours were so well fought, that I believe it is allowed by all, tbejr 
did equal execution. 

About 2 o'clock,. the< Duke of Wellington dispatched an officer of 
his staff to the Head-quarters of Field-Marshal Blucher, to ascertaia 
his movements, and to know when it was probable his advance wouU 
c<Hne in contact with the enemy. This officer found the Prussian Ge- 
neral at the village of Lasnes, where he gained the information required. 

I must now beg leave to direct the attention of the reader to 
the extraordinary movements of the gallant Prussian army ; move- 
ments that have never been surpassed in the history of any war, 
and which clearly proved that the spirit of the great Frederick hat 
not yet departed from them. On the l6th three corps of this army 
fought, and for a whole day defied the effi)rts of the enemy to drive 
them from their position. At night they were surprised, and obliged 
to retreat. On the evening of the 17th, the broken columns, whose 
loss had been immense, after having retired upwards of thirty mile^ 
were completely re-organised; and at break of day on the morning of 
the 18th the whole advanced from Wavre to join the British army at 
Waterloo. 



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Booth's Battle of Waterloo. 19 

The 2d and 4th corps were directed, by Blucher, to proceed 
by Saint Lambert, and to attack the enemy, in the rear of his right 
flank near Fricherniont. The first corps, with the Coramander-in^ 
chief, moved by Ohain so as to unite with the left of the British line 
at Ter-la-Haye; while the dd corps, which formed the reserve, was 
directed to follow in the rear of the first. General Bulow, who 
commanded the 4th corps, found great difficulty in passing th« 
the defile of Saint Ijanibert, and his advance was considerably 
retarded ; yet, true to the promise of his Commander-in-chief, two of 
his brigades were in the position assigned them on the enemy's right 
flank by four o'clock in the afternoon. Bulow commenced his 
attack almost immediately, but his numbers were too few to make 
any serious impression. About six o'clock, when Blucher was 
nearly in sight of the field of battle, he received intelligence that his 
reserve had been attacked by Marshal Grouchy, and was driven from 
its position near W^avre ; this information made no alteration in the 
Field-Marshal's arrangements, as he well knew that the fate of 
Europe would be decided on the field to which he was advs^icing. 

It was now half-past seven o'clock, and the issue of the battle was 
still doubtful. The greater part of Lord Hill's corps of the British 
army had been moved up at different periods to the support of the 1st 
corps. The whole of Bulow's corps, and part of the 2d corps of the 
Prussian army, had arrived at their position near Frichermont, and their 
attack in that direction was sufficiently powecful to oblige the enepay 
to give way on his right; which Buonaparte having observed, con- 
ceived that the moment was now arrived when he must put an end to 
the epgagement. He informed his Generals that the firing on the 
right was occasioned by the arrival of Grouchy's corps. This gave 
fresh hopes to his troops already beginning to despair, and imme- 
diately he gave orders to form the last column of attack. This column 
was composed principally of the Guard, which had hitherto suffered 
but little ; he gave directions for the whole of the line to second this 
effort, upon which he said the victory depended, and placing himself 
at their head, they advanced in double quick time. 

These veteran warriors, so long esteemed the first troops in Europe, 
advanced across the plain which divided the two armies, with a firm- 



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20 Additional Particulars to 

ness which nolhing could exceed ; and though our grape and canister 
shot made dreadful havock iu their ranlS; they were never discon- 
certed for a single moment. Our infantry remained firm in their po- 
sition, until the enemy's front line was nearly in contact with them, 
i^rheuy with the usual salute of a well-directed volley, and a British 
cheer, they rushed on to the charge with bayonets. This charge even 
die Imperial Guard could not stand againstf and those undaunted 
troops, who at one time considered themselves the conquerors of the 
world, were obliged to give way. In this attack the iiritish and 
French guards were, for the first time, I believe, fairly opposed to 
each other. The shock for a moment was dreadful. The enemy 
refused to take or give quarter, and the carnage was horrible. At last 
die whole of their ranks were broken, all discipline was at an end^ 
and they began to give way in the utmost confusion. The Duke of 
Wellington, who was on the spot, was not inattentive to the manner 
in which the enemy retired from this attack, and, though his left was 
still pressed, he ordered the whole line of infantry, supported by the 
cavalry and artillery, to advance. This order was no sooner given, 
than our brave fellows rushed forward from every point. In a mo- 
ment they carried the enemy's position, and obliged him to retire in 
great disorder, leaving in our possession a number of prisoners, and 
upwards of one hundred and fifty pieces of cannon, with their am- 
munition. Before the disorganized masses of the French had cleared 
the ravine by which they retired, the right and left of the British line 
were nearly in contact, and the enemy in a manner surrounded. What 
added greatly to the confusion of the beaten foe, was a gallant chaise 
by General Ziethen's corps upon his right flank, at the moment the 
British advanced in front. Blucher, who had joined with his first 
. corps at the time this decisive charge was going on, advanced with his 
gallant troops; and about nine o'clock the two Field- Marshals met 
at the. small public-house called La Belle Allianc€y and mutually 
saluted each other as victors. 

The British army, which had been so warmly engaged for upwards 
of nine hours, was now halted, and the pursuit left to the brave Prus- 
sians. Though they had already marched many leagues, all fiit^e 
was forgotten when in the presence of their enemy. About half past 



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Booth's Battle of Waterloo, - Q.\ 

liifte Field-Marshal Blucher assembled the \vhole of his superior 
officers^ and gave orders for them to send every man and horse in 
pursuit. 

The transactions of this eventful day so glorious to Britain, cannot 
be concluded without recalling^to the recollection of the reader some 
of those heroes whose exertions and example were, in some measure, 
conducive to this great victory. Their gallantry indeed calls for a 
much larger share of notice than it is possible to bestow here ; yet, 
brief as the remarks must be, the task that was undertaken would be 
inadequately performed if they were omitted.* 

His Royal Highness the Prince of Orange proved himself on this 
day, as well as on the l6th, not unworthy of the great master under 
whom he had studied the art of war, and, until he received a severe 
wound in the right shoulder, he was never absent from the post of 
danger. His Royal Highness showed a great deal of good general- 
ship in the manner in which he supported the brigade of his Other's 
troops, that were attacked oii the 15th, as well as in collecting his 
corps on the afternoon of that day. To him, however, the issue of 
the campaign was certainly of importance, as nothing less than a 
kingdom was at stake : but it was far different with Henry Earl of 
Uxbridge. Already in possession of every blessing which wealth 
can give, or domestic happiness bestow, war, at best, was a losing 
game to him ; yet he did not hesitate for a moment when his country 
called for his services, and, forgetting every claim but that which his 
Sovereign had upon him, he exchanged his peaceful retirement for 
the command of the British cavalry in Belgium. On the l6th he 
marched with the troops under his command upwards of forty miles, 
and got to the ground just as the enemy had retired from the action. * 
On the 17th he was appointed to protect the retreat of the infantry, 
and on more than one (Occasion he made the Ex-Emperor pay dearly 
for the keenness of his pursuit. On the 18th his exertions were great 
and unremitting, while his example was most animating ; scarce a 
squadron charged but he was at their head ; and wherever the cavalry ' 

* For a more detailed acconnt of the Fallen Heroes, the reader is directed 
to refor to the concludiag pages of Vol. I. ' 



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22 Jdditional PUrticulars to 

could be of service, there he led them. Throughout the whole of 
the day^ though exposed to the hottest of the fire^ he escaped onr 
hurt ; but almost the last shot which the enemy fired, shattered his 
right kuee, and deprived the gallant Paget of a leg. I have already 
related the fall of Sir Thomas Picton. England has also to regret 
die loss of Major-Oeneral Sir William Ponsonby, an officer not less 
distinguished than respected. Colonel Delancey fell too by the side 
of the Commander-in-chief, as also Lieutenant-Colonels Gordon and 
Canning, who had been long in His Grace's family as Aides-de-Camp. 
Every officer on the personal staff of the Duke of Welltngton iras 
either killed or wounded. Few general officers escaped uDtoucfaed, 
and many commanding officers fell. Lord HilFs coolness and deter- 
mined bravery never shone more conspicuous than on the 18th of 
June ; though, from commanding the reserve, his exertions were not 
so much calked for on this, as on many former days. 

The enemy continued to retreat during the night, his cavalry and 
infantry forming one confused mass. The Marshals, Generals, and 
Officers of all ranks, were mingled with the mob, and pressed forward 
by the torrent; no one thought of giving orders, and every one 
seemed to act only from the impulse or terror of the moment. The 
Prussian cavalry did not allow them one moment's repose. 

Advance of the Allies into France. — Reduction of Cambray and 
Peronne. — Capitulation of Paris, — Treaty of Peace. 

After a few hours given to repose, among the dying and the dead, 
on the'field of Waterloo, the British army moved forward at day-light 
on die morning of the IQth. On the 20th, it entered the French ter- 
ritory. There was no force to oppose their progress, and their 
advance upon the Capital was as rapid as if they had been marching 
through a friendly country. It was not considered necessary, in the 
first instance, to halt before any of the frontier garrisons, though a 
sufficient force was left to observe tbem ; and only those towns 
which could be reduced without difficulty, and which lay directly in 
the route, were attacked. 

General Sir C. Colville's division appeared before Cambniy on 
tbe 24th ; and the garrison having refused to surrender, it was at- 



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Booth's Bcatle of Waterloo. 25 

tecked on the 25th. The light companies of Major-General John- 
stone's brigade, led in by Colonel Sir Neil Campbell of the 54th 
Foment, escaladed the works at the angle formed by the Valen- 
ciennes gateway, and the curtain of the body of the place ; while a 
second column, commanded by Colonel Sir William Douglas of 
the 91st regiment, entered by the ravelin near the Amiens road. 
The Valenciennes gate was broke open by Sir Neil Campbell, at 
the. same moment that Colonel Mitchel's brigade forced open the 
Parb gate. The enemy, finding the town in our possession, surren- 
dered, after a feeUe resistance, and the city was gained with very 
.little loss. 

On the 26th, the Duke of Wellington attacked Peronne. The 
1st brigade of Guards, under Major-General Maitland, were or- 
dered to storm the horn-work which covers the suburb on the left of 
the Somme river, which they carried in their usual gallant manner 
with very little loss ; and the town immediately surrendered, upon 
the condition that the garrison should lay dovm their arms, and be 
allowed to return to their homes. The necessity which the Duke of , 
Wellington was under of halting at Cateau, to allow the pontoons 
and certain stores to come up with the army, allowed the Prussians 
to get a day in advance of the British ; but neither army ran any 
risk from this separation, as the enemy had no force out of Paris, 
except the few troops under Marshal Grouchy, who w*ere hastening 
towards that Capital, and who were too much alarmed for their own 
safety to think of fighting. 

On the 28th, the advance of Field-Marshal Blucher's army came 
ill contact with the enemy, for the first time. It was attacked at 
Villers-Coterets ; but his main body coming up, they were repulsed 
with a loss of six pieces of cannon, and about a thousand pri- 
soners. General Bulow pursued this column, which was on its 
inarch from Soissons to Paris, and took about five hundred more 
prisoners. The advance of the British army crossed the Oise on 
the 20tfa, and the main body on the 30th of June, and on the 1st of 
July took up a position, with their right upon the height of Roche- 
bourgi and their left upon the forest of Bondy. Blucher, having 
taken the village of Vertus on the SOth of June, moved to his right, 



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24 Additional Particulars to 

as the British annj advanced, on the 1st 'of July, and crossed the* 
Seine at ~Saint-Gennain. On the 2d, he had his right at Piesas* 
Pique, his left at Saint-Cloud, and the reserve of his army at Ver- 
sailles. 

On the 28th of Juiie, Paris was declared, by the Prorinooal 
Government, in a state of siege, and Marshal Davoust appointed to 
command the army. Saint-Denis as wdl as Montraartre were 
strong In fortified. The ground to the north of that town was inim- 
dated, by means of the small rivers Rouillon and Lavielle-mar. 
Water was also introduced into the canal de FOurcq, and batteries 
with a strong parapet established on its banks : Paris was therefore 
well defended on that side. The heights of Belleville were likewise 
strongly fortified ; but the left of the Seine had been entirely neg- 
lected, and was quite defenceless. The troops collected in Paris, 
consisted of all that remained from the Battle of Waterloo, with the 
d^p6t8 of the whole army, which might amount to from forty to 
fifty thousand troops of the line, besides the national guards, the 
tirailleurs of the Guard, and the corps of FSderis, The advanced 
posts of this army defeiuled itself with great bravery, partictdarly the 
heights ot Saint-Cloud and Meudon ; and it was not till after a very 
severe action, that Marshal Blucher succeeded in carrying these 
points. General Ziethen's corps distinguished itself once more, in 
carrying ihe heights of Meudon, and in driving the enemy also from 
the village of Issy on the evening of the Ist The troops in this po- 
sition having been strongly reinforced, the Prussians \i;ere attacked 
at Issy on the morning of the 3d ; but this attack was repulsed with 
considerable loss on the part of the enemy. At last, finding, that 
Paris was open on its vulnerable side, and-tbat a communication bad 
been established between the British and Prussian armies, by a 
bridge of boats at Ai^enteuil, and that a British corps was moving 
upon Neuilly ; the enemy sent to beg that the firing nugbt cease on 
both sides, with a view to the n^ociation of a Military Convention 
between the armies, under which die French army should evacuate 
Paris. On the night of the 3d, the following convention was agreed 
to, which put an end to all military questions at the moment, but 
touched upon nothing political. 



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Boolh'^ Battle of Waterloo. 25 

<^ This day, the 3d of July, 1815, the Commlssiopers named hf the« 
Comnianderfr-ia-Chief of the respective armies, that is to say,, the 
Baron Bignon, holding the portefeuille' of Foreign Affairs; the 
Count Guilleminot, Chief of the General Staff of the French army; 
the Count de Bondy, Prefect of the department of the Seine, being 
furnished with the full powers of his Excellency the .Marshal Prince 
of Echmuhl, Commander-in-Chief of the French army*, on one side; 
and Major General Baron MuiHing, furnished with the full powers of 
his Highness the Field-Marshal Prince ^lucher, Commander-in- 
Chief of the Prussian army ; Colonel Hervey, furnished with the full 
powers of his Excellency the Duke of Wellington, Commander-in- 
Chief of the Enghsh army, on the other side ; have agreed to a con- 
vention/' (For which see, with more ample detail, FoL I.) 

IIOUGOMONT. 

The*Dnke of Wellington having determined on the ground 
where he would wait the attack of the French army, observed, 
on the right of his position, an old Flemish chateau, properly 
called Gomont, by defending which, he judged that much ad- 
vantage might be derived. It comprised an old tower, and 
chapel, and a number of offices, partly surrounded by a farm* 
yard. It had also a garden, inclosed by a high strong brick 
wall, and round th^ garden, a wood of beech,* an orchard, 
and* a hedge, by which the Wall was concealed ; in another part, 
there was a pond, serving as a moat. Steps were taken to 
strengthen these means of defence, by loop-holing, or perforating 
the walls, for the fire of musquetry, and erecting scaffolding, to 
give the troops within an opportunity of firing from the top of the 
wall; and these judicious measures greatly assisted that successful 
resistance that was afterwards made against so many reiterated and 
desperate attacks. The enemy's cannon could only be brought to 
bear upon the upper part of the walls and buildings ; and the great 
damage it received was by shells. 

* In tliis wood of beech,' probably 2000 trees were nearly all in a wounded 
state ; 40 to 100 wounds were found in single trees. 



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26 . Additional PartictJan to 

On the evening of the 17th, the following troops were allotfed - 
for the defence: The second brig^e of Guards commancled by 
Hajor-Genefal Sir J. Byiig, and two light companies of the first 
brigade. The force was disposed as follows : The light companies 
of the Coldstream, and Third Guards, under Lieut. Col. Macdonell, 
occupied the house and garden : those of die First regiment occu- 
pied the wood to the left; these were under the command of lieut. 
Col. Lord Saltoun : the rest of the brig^e was placed about two 
hundred yards in the rear, in a commanding situation, and in rea- 
diness to support the garrison if necessar}'. The whole amounted 
to from 1400 to 1500 men. To this force was added, immediately 
previous to the action, about 900 of the Nassau troopsi some of 
them, however, did not remain long ; owing, it is said, to their not 
having been sufficiently supplied with ammunition. 

The action commenced at thirty-five minutes past eleven o'clock. 
The force of the enemy employed in making this attack, was very 
great ; it consisted of the whole of the 2d corps, under Comte de 
Beille. This corps, which amounted to 30,000 men, was formed 
into three divisions: the division commanded by Jerome Buonaparte, 
commenced the attack, but was soon driven back (about half past 
twelve) with great loss. A most desperate attack was next made 
by the division of General Foy, who succeeded in gaining great 
part of the wood, and had nearly surrounded the. house ; but four 
companies of the Coldstream, and two of the Third regiment, moving 
promptly down, and attacking them, they were driven back with 
immense slaughter, and some prisoners were taken firom them. 
Several other attempts were made by the Enemy against this post, 
during the course of the day, until their general retreat ;* but they 
did not obtain any advantage. In a most determined and gallant 
attack, made between twelve and one, an oflicer and a few mea 
got inside of the gate of the farm-yard ; but they were all killed, 
and at no period of the day was the communication cut off. Rein- 

* Late in the evening, when the 2d corps had been so completely beateo, 
as the 1st corps bad been on the left, fiuonaparte ordered forward the Impe- 
rial Gnards, and_part of that fine body oi I^en were directed against Hoo- 
fomont 



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Booth^s Battle of Waterloo. 27 

forcements of men, and ammunition, were sent in whenever they 
were requisite. The attack against the position of Hougomcnt 
lasted, on the whole, from twenty-five minutes before twelve, untH 
a littie past eight at night. 

At several periods during the day, reinforcements firom the 
Coldstream and the Third regiment of Guards, were sent down to 
support the light companies, employed in the defence of the house, 
garden, and wood."*^ The latter was repeatedly occupied by the 
enemy, who were as often driven firom it again, until at last these 
posts were occupied by the whole brigade, with the exception, of 
two companies. About six in the evening, when the second line 
was brought forward, some Hanoverian battalions occupied the 
ground where the 2d brigade of Guards had been placed at the 
commencement; and a Brunswick regiment was sent down to the 
wood, more to the left, than where the Guards held it. 

The Hon. Col. Acheson, of the Coldstream, was ordered to 
defend a certain part of the wood at Hougomont. The enemy 
made a tremendous attack, and at the first charge the ColoneFs 
horse was shot dead, and with his rider under him, and consi- 
derably stunned by the fall ; in which situation he mast have 
Iain some time, as the enemy had passed and repassed, regarding 
him as dead. When he had recovered, be found himself a 
prisoner, by the dead weight of the horse : after a time, by great 
exertion^ he released himself unhurt, by drawing his leg firom his 
boot, which remained under the horse. 

Hie loss of the Guards, in killed and wounded, in the defence 
of Hougomont, amounted to 28 officers, and about '800 rank and 
file. The foreign corps (Nassau and Brunswickers) lost about 100« 

The troops occupying the farm-house of Hougomont being hard 



• When part of the Third regiment of Guards was sent into the wood before 
one, Colonel Hepbom, of that corps, superseded Lord Saitoon, who, having but 
few men left, obtained permission to join his battalion, where he again distin- 
guished himself. Col. Woodford of the Coldstream, who went with the rein- 
forcement into the house, was senior to Col. Macdonell ; but in consideration 
of that gallant officer's conduct, Col. Woodford refused taking the command, 
»nd each undertook the defence of a particular portion of the post they 
occupied. 



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28 Additiotial Particulars to 

presaed by the enemy, were in danger, though most gallantly de^ 
fended by Lieut. Col. Macdonell, of falling into their hands; 
when a detachment of the Coldstream Guards was ordered down to 
reinforce him. Belbre the> reached the house, the enemy had suc- 
ceeded in gaining possession of the outer court, stabling, &c<, and 
also of some neighbouring banks, from which they kept op a very 
destructive tire, and could only be dislodged by the resolute ad- 
vance of the reinforcing party. Major Dnmaresque, Aid-de-camp 
to Sir John Byng, who had accompanied the detachment, finding, 
at the entrance of the wood, from the circumstance of the troops 
having to pass through a very narrow lane, in close pursuit of the 
enemy, and under a most galling fire, from which they had suffered 
extremely, that it w6uld be impossible to get them suflSciently 
formed to resist the attack it was natural to suppose the enemy 
would inmiediately make with fresh troops, returned to the Duke, 
and acquainted him with the situation of the detachment. His 
Grace desired him to order Col. Woodford to move forward to 
their assistance, with the remainder of the Coldstream. Sir 
John Byng had anticipated the necessity of this movement, and 
had ahready given a similar order. Before Col. Woqdford reached 
the spot, however, the enemy had again possessed themselves of 
the wood and acyoining banks, from which they were iinmediately 
driven. 

M^jor Dumaresque, in advancing a second time, with this de^ 
tachment, was shot through the body, when close to the house, 
by one of the enemy's infantry, many of whom he had passed while 
moving forward. But knowing the Duke's anxiety that this post 
should be maintained, (as the enemy were now making a vigorous 
attack on the lefr,) he galloped up to his Grace» regardless of his 
wound, and having communicated the welcome intelligence, that 
the French had been driven out of the wood, and the house secured, 
fainting from loss of blood, and overcome by his great exertion^r 
he was removed from his horse, and conveyed to the rear by the 
assistance of a friend.* 

• This fact is somewhat differently stated in Paul's Letters, but the Editor 
believes this 1o be the correct fact. 



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Booth's Battle of Waterloo. 29 

It is said the enemy were ignorant of the strength of the position, 
the garden wall being concealed by the wood and hedge : but the 
wall was so protected by trees, that it would not have been easy to 
have brought cannon to play against it, and- besides it was ot great 
thickness. The enemy brought guns to a height on the right of the 
position, which enfiladed it, and caused great loss; and they suc- 
ceeded in setting fire to a hay-stack, and part ot the buildings, * by 
means of shells; but that did not prevent the garrison from occu- 
pying the remaining part. 

It has been said that the inhabitants of the place were not 
friendly to the English, but this is quite a mistake. They lea it 
with much trepidation when the cavalry of the enemy appeared in 
the evening of the 17th; they returned, however, for a short time, 
very early on the 18th, to take some things away; and their conduct 
generaUy implied friendship for the English, and terror of the 
French. 

Within half an hour 1600 men were killed m the smaU orchard 
at Hougomont, not exceeding four acres. 

The loss of the enemy was enormous. The division of General 
Foy alone lost about 3000, and the total loss of the enemy in the 
attack of this position is estimated at 10,000 in killed and wounded. 
Above 6000 men of both armies perished in the Farm of Hou- 
goumont; 600 French fell in the attack on the chateau and the 
farm; 200 English were killed in the wood, 25 in the garden, 1100 
in the orchard and meadow, 400 near the farmer's garden ; 2000 
of both parties behind the great orchard. The bodies of 300 
English are buried opposite the gate of the chateau ; those of 600 
French have been burnt at the same place. On a square slone in 
the garden, above the spot where Capt. Blackman of the Guards is 
buried, who was killed in this place at the age of 21, there is the 
following mscription sent by his father :-" John Lucie Blackman, 
Waterloo, 18th June, 181 5." 

Another inscription to the memory of the same John Blackman 

• It was the Tower that was bunit. 



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so Additional Particulars to 

will be mentioned among those which are in the cemetery of the 
Reformed Church at Brussels. 

Among the brave men who perished in defending Hougonmont, 
was Thomas Crawford^ aged 21, Captain in the Third Regiment of 
Guards, and son of Sir James Crawford. He was first interred in 
the garden of the chateau, near to the place where death had 
struck him. Uis body was removed some days afterwards by his 
respectable father and Mr. Yomaux, who lives in one of the 
suburbs of Brussels, and who had been formerly attached to the 
fiunily. The body was conveyed to England in a leaden coflhi, to 
be deposited in the family vault on one of the estates. 

The true name of the chateau is Gomont The public prints 
call it erroneously Hougoumont. Its name according to ancient 
tradition comes from the circumstance, that the hill on which is at 
present the neighbouring plantation, was covered with large pines, 
the rosin of which was in great request. The place was hence 
called Gomont, for Gomme Mont, or Mont de Gomme. This cha- 
teau has existed for ages. It has long belonged to the family of 
Arrazola Deonate. Its possessor took the title of Gomont. One 
of the Deonates distinguished himself at the battle of Lepante : 
another, or perhaps the same, was VicerQy of Nicies. The illos- 
trious author of Don Quixote, Miguel Cervantes, who lost a hand 
at this battle, highly praises this Viceroy. 

M. de Lonville Gomont, residing at Nivelles, formerly a Ms^ot 
in the Austrian service, but now retired on a pension, who is de- 
scended on the mother's side from the iamily of Arrazola Deonate, 
is the present owner of this chateau, and has just put it up to sale. 
We have these particulars from him. 

An article of intelligence from Brussels, under date the 29th of 
March lb 1 6, says that the winds have thrown down the observatory, 
which commanded a view of all the eminences and hollows of Wa- 
terloo. On the other hand, the proprietor of the ruins of the 
chateau of Uougomont, has caused all the woods to be felled. 
Those trees torn by thousands of balls, and that observatory, tbe 
witnesses of so much glory, and so much suffering, have vanished 
for ever ! 



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Booth's Battle of Waterloo. 31 

ARTILLERY OPERATIONS. 

The Editor of this Work had, when he first undertook it, every 
confidence in the liberality of those Gentlemen to whom he looked 
for conmiunications — that is, to those who witnessed the mighty 
events, the details of which are here collected. He has been sup- 
plied with such communications with a liberality greater than, with 
every reasonable confidence, he could have ventured to hope ; and 
his chief difficulty has been that of selection : with all his atten- 
tion, frequent repetitions have been unavoidable ; but to most 
readers such repetitions are not, perhaps, objectionable, as every 
recital places the fact in a different point of view, yet tending to 
corroborate the general eventual result. He has lately been Geh 
voured with access to a collection of letters, written from the 
theatre of those great events, that would, if published separately 
and entire, be highly interesting and valuable, as they were written 
by gentlemen who witnessed all of them. On looking over the 
preceding parts of his work, he finds the operations of the Artillery 
less detailed than those of most other corps; and he is glad, in the 
selection firom the letters in question to have an opportunity of 
remedying, in some degree, the deficiency of former accounts, and 
of doing justice, as far as lies in his humble ability, to the great 
exertions of that powerful arm. , 



Brussels, 15th June, 1815. 

« It seems that Buonaparte is at Maubeuge — that he 

has stbout 120,000 men there ; that he has advanced in the direc- 
tion of Binch, leaving Mons to his left and rear ; that Blucher with 
82,000 Prussians has moved firom Namur to Sombref, (on the road 
from Namur to Nivelles,) that we shall concentrate our force in 
firont of Braine la Lend, near Hal. Admitting all this to be true, 
we may the day after to-morrow have a battle. The Duke has 



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S2 



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gone to a ball at the Duchess of Richmond's^ but all is ready to 
move at day-break ; of course all depends on the .news that may 
arrive in the night : by way of being ready, 1 shall go to bed, and 
get a few hours sleep. It is now half-past eleven ; I hope you and 

— * are enjoying peaceful slumbers in our happy EngUmd, 

safe from all the alarms which to-morrow may see here." 

Brussels, 16M June^ 6 a. m. 

" I have been sleeping very soundly. The momiag is beautiful. 
Sir Thomas Picton is arrived. I have now learned that the Duke 
shoves in half an hour ; some say to Waterloo, which we do not 
find in our map. The whole place is in a bustle — such jostling 
of baggage, oi guns, and waggons ! It is very useful to acquire 
a quietness and composure about all these matters. One does 
not mend things by being in a hurrj'. Adieu ! I almost wonder 
that I can write so quietly. But nothing can be done to-day. Mj 
horse is ready, when the signal for mounting shall be given. 

(Here follows a disposition of the army^ which will be found in 
another part of this Work, That of the artillery only is extracted.) 

Col. JSir George Wood, commanding in general. 

Lt.-Col. Sir A, Frazer, commanding British Horse Artillery. 

Lt.-Col. A. Macdonald, Six Troops of Horse Artillery, attached 
to Cavalry, commanded by (viz.) Major Sir Robert Gardiner, L. C. 
—Major W. Smith, L. C— Capt. A. C. Mercer— Capt. N. W. 
Eamsay, M. *.— Maj. Bull, L.C. w.— Capt E. C. Whinyates, M. w. 

Lieut.-Col. Sir Julius Hartsmann commanding King's German 
and Hanoverian Artillery. 



Lieut-Col. A dye 



Lieut-Col. Gold. 



Lt-Col. Williamson, j 
Lieut.-Col. Hawker. < 

1 



Major H«is»e, Han. 
Artillery. 

Lt.-Col. Bruckman, 
Hanoverian Artil. 



Major Kuhlnian's Troop. 
Captain Sandham's Brigade. 

Major Sympher's Troop. 
Captain Bolton's Brigade. 

Major Lloyd's Brigade. 
Capt Cleevcs' do. (German.) 

Major Brome's Brigade. 
Captain Ritberg's do. (Hanov.) 

Major Roger's Brigade 
Captain Braun's do. (Hanov.) 



\ Major Unett's Brigade. 



Major Drammond< 



■{ 



Major Sir H. Ross, L. C, 
Major Bean, H. A. 
Captain Sinclair, F. A. 



H.A. 1 



I 



mttaekedto 

1st DivisioD of 

Infantry. 

2d Division of 
Infantry. 

3d Division of 
Infantry. 

4th Division of 
Infantry. 

6tli Di\ision of 
• Infantry. 

6tli Division of 
Infantiy. 

Reserve. 



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Booth's Battle of Waterloo. Si 

Quatre Bras, V7ih June, 1815, lialf-past Seven a« «• 
''We have had a sanguinary contest. Buonaparte partially 
attacked Blucher's corps the day before yesterday ; and yesterday, 
the affair was general, both with t|ie Prussians and ourselves. Qua- 
tre-Bras ik a little to the south of Genappe, at the point where the 
road from Genappe to Charleroi intersects * that from Namur f o 
Nivelles. The severity of our struggle was between Quatre-Bras 
and Frasnes. The affair ended only with the day : there was indeed 
a good deal of firing by moonlight. The Enemy, who behaved 
with admirable gallantry, were repulsed in all attacks. We had no 
British cavalry in the field. Vandeleur's brigade of cavalry came up 
at dusk, but too late to be employed. No British Horse Artillery, 
and only one German troop, which did great execution in the 

field. The Enemy's Lancers and Cuirassiers are the finest 

fellows I ever saw. They made several bold charges, and re- 
peatedly advanced in the very teeth and in the rear of our infantry. 
They have severely paid for their spirit — ^most of them arenow lying 
before me. Had we but had a couple of brigades of British ca- 
valry, we should have gained a decided advantage. We had but 
one Belgic regiment of Hussars and some Brunswick Hussars, 
and both felt their inferiority, and made weak efforts against the 
Enem/s cavalry, who, pursuing them amongst our very infantry, 
made a mingled « mass of the whole. I have never seep a hotter 
fire than at some times of yesterday, nor seen more of what is called 
a milee of troops. Our wounded at the close of last night waa 
said by the Acyutant-General to be 5000. Of the killed I have 
heard no estimate, but it must be severe. Great part of the 
action having been fought in standing com, the dead ar^ not 
easily discernible, and many of the wounded may never be found. 
The Duke of Brunswick, I believe, is killed. I saw and spoke to 
him in the course of the day, but did not see him fall. Of the Ar- 
tillery I hecur of no officers killed. Rogers's and Lloyd's brigades 
have suffered much, especially Lloyd's, which was attacked by two 
brigades of French Artillery, concealed in a wood. A French 
column came out of the wood on their right flank, and attempted to 
get in their rear, but soon retired from a sharp fire with great 

* See engraTed plan, B. and C. 

Vol. II. D 



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$4 JrtiOety Operatiom. 

Io9s« The Duke of Wellington ordered some Belgic catalry to 
their support Our infantry behaved most admirably, settiDjg: 
good examples to oar Belgic and Crerman Allies. Poor Cameron 
of the 92d is dangeroosly, bat I hope not mortally wocnded. 
Blucher fought obstinately, but lost ground ; we in consequence 
retrograde a little. The ammunition carriages of the Horse Ar- 
tiDery are sent off to the front of Soignies, near Waterloo; Roav * 
and Bean* are known to be near Brussels and coming up. The 
British cavalry have made also very forced marches, and are 
at tfiis moment in the field. Sic Henry Hardinge has lost his left 
hand by a cannon-shot. The brunt of the Prussian action was hi 
iht road from Namur to Nivelles. The action seems now recom* 
mencing — we shall retire to make our communication with Blucher 

closer. I slept last night at Genappe, , 8cc. ; the house, 

and indeed all others, are full of dying and dead. Henry Macleod 
is wounded ; he has three stabs from the Lancers ; h^ is at Cre- 
n4ppe ; we have sent to him, and trust he will do well, 

** The country hereabout is open — ^rich in com, and having occa* 
sionally large and rather thick woods — it is undulating and deep, 
but without hedges or obstacles of any kind to the movement of 

all arms. and pointed out yesterday to the 

Duke the bold advance of a French column, but it was seen too 
late to frustrate all its efforts ; it vas^repnlsed after severe loss on 
both sides. Tempted by the partial success of thi^bdd manoeuvre, 
the Enemy repeated it without effect a little before dusk. Adieu ! I 
am well and in good spirits. Half-past nine : preparations making^ 
for withdrawing to die other side of Grenappe. The artillery, 
q>are carriligeB, &c. are moving off. 

**The Chef d'Etat-M^jor of a French division deserted to us last 
night,t with return^ of the French force, which amounts to 130,000, 
of which ail itnmense body are cavalry ; artillery not specified. 
Ney was onr opponent yesterday, with the* 1st and 2d corps under 
Reille and D'Erlon, (Drduet Count d'Erlon). Buonaparte was 
opposed to Blucher, but is believed to have been opposite us about 
4 P. M. when loud and continued cheerings among the French 
troops preceded one of their boldest attacks. An officer is just 
come from Blucher to the Duke. Blucher^s centre was pierced 

*Qfit» Royal Horse ArtiUery. . t Vide soecdote communicated by a French offieec. 

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Booth*s Batth cf Waterloo. 55 

by the Freqtoh cavalry, wKo Idok 16 pieces 6f caniioo« Tie Prus- 
sians are retiring — so must we." 

Brusseh, 17 th June, 1815, 1} p. m* 

" Just arrived from the front, jaded and dirty, and going to be4- 
I wrote this morning from Quatre Bras, just to say I am safb and 
well ; to-nM>rrow I shall stait before d^y-breajk* Adieu !" 

18^A June, 3 a. m. 

" Quite refipeshed after a comfortable night's rest. The Bri^]h 
affair of yesterday was merely the common skirmishing whi^ch na- 
turally t^es place €>» retirrtig vol the face of the Enemy* The 
Fx^cb behave very well, and push us as mi\ch as they can. Our 
Horse Artillery ye^steFday v.ere of much. ui^^ There were sonp^fi 
trifling charges of cavalry on. ihe chatLs^ee, but nothing ha,ppened of 
any consequence. We. retired to a positioa previously selected^ 
and we shall how make a stand. Our right is toward firaine la 
Leud, our left toward Limalle. Htjead-quarters at Waterloo ; and 
Genappe (in. the Enemy's possession) in ouf iiront. In this posi- 
tion the forest of Soignies you will observe to be in our rear — four 
paves run through it. The wood is open and practicable for in- 
fantry or cavalry. The trees are high, t^e rpads and the whole 
wood very dark ; and, except in the pav^d part of the road, the rest 
is very deep. When I came this way last night, it was crowded 
and choaked with carriages of every kind, many of them over- 
turned. People get alarmed and copfused and lose their senses^ 
and all about nothing. Of Bluchei^s army I know nothing certain, 
except that he was to retire on Wayre, and I have no doubt but 
' our two armies are in perfect communication and well placed— opr 
retiring at all was merely because Blucher had lost ground in the 
affair of the day before yesterday; in which, as 1 stated yesterday, 
he is said to have lost 14,000 men killed and wounded, and 16 
pieces of artillery. The Enemy s^ins to have pierced his centre 
just about dusk, wad to have taken all his reserve ammunition. 
These things will happen, and there will be jumblings just at first; 
but all will be very well. The En.emy, taught by the day before, 
were very shy of attaisking us yesterday. 

" Lloyd's two guns, which were disabled on the 16th, wer^ 
soon after again ready for action, and with the oth^ gunii 
of the brigade, assisted yesterday in covering the retreat. 
We left the Enemy* nothing but our killed—our wounded we 



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36 • Artillery Operations. 

brought off on cavalry horses, except such a» could not be found 
in the standing com. Poor fellows ! in these scenes, not in the 
actual rencontre, are seen the miseries of war. I saw Henry 
Macleod last night, free from fever and pain, and doing well. He 
has three pike stabs in the side, a graze in the head, and contosion 
in the shoulder. Poor Cameron, I hear, is ^ead ; but I am un* 
willing to believe it. In all these strange scenes my mind is at 
home, but is tranquil and composed. All will be very well. God 
bless you. 

Waterloo, ^ past 9 A. M. 18^A June. 

** All quiet on both sides — all getting into order. Ammunition 
on ours, and undoubtedly on the Enemy's, coming up. The road 
from Brussels through the wood cleared. Finding it J)locked up 

last night, begged , who wa* 

coming up, to report to De Lancy, the necessity of the road 
being cleared. In cfnsequence, baggage has been removed, 
find the waggons which had broken down, have been burned by 
General Lambert^s brigade^ (4 battalions of infantry, and 6 Hano- 
verian field-pieces) from Ghent, which wanted fuel to cook their 
rations. Blucher's head-quarters are at Wavre, and our lefl divi- 
sion (the 3d) in full communication with us. The Russians will 
reach Metz in six days: so says General Pozzo di Borgo,* the Rus- 
sian Gener^ OflScer with the Duke. The Austrians are expected 
to be at Metz at the same time. Admitting this, Buonaparte 
cannot afford to remain long in our front : he must take care that 
the Russians and Austrians do not ^et into his rear. I expect 
that we shall have some cannonading this afternoon. Adieu for. 
the present." 

Waterloo, 11 P. M. I8ih June. 

** How shall \ describe the scenes through which I have passed 
ftince morning! I am so tired that I can hsSrdly hold my pen. 
We have gained a glorious victory, and against Napoleon himself. 
I know not yet the amount of killed, wounded, or prisoners ; but all 
n^ust be great. .Never was there a more |>loody affair— never so 
hot a* fire. Buonaparte put in practice every device of war-^be 
tried us with artillery, with cavah*y, and last of all with infiuftry. 
The efforts of each were gigantic ; but the admirable talents of our 

*Vid«tliUoft<»r'seiDctlk|4vac9(Mrotof ttiohBtUc^VA^ E^m^ 

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Booth's Battle of Waterloo. 37 

Ilake, seconded by such troops as he commands, baffled every 
attempt. For some hours, the action was chiefly of artillery. We 
had 114 British and some 16 Belgic guns, six and nine pounders. 
The Enemy's near 300, eight and twelve pounders. Never were 
guns better served on both sides. After seven hours can- 
nonading, the French cavalry made some of the boldest charges 
I ever saw ; they bounded the whole extent of our line, which 
was thrown into squares. Never did cavalry behave so nobly, 
or was received by infantry so firmly. Our guns were taken 
and retaken repeatedly. They were in masses, especially the 
Horse Artillery. Failing in his repeated efibrts of cannon- 
ading and nH)vements of cavalry. Napoleon at length pierced 
the left of our centre, with the infantry of the Imperial Guard. 
The contest was severe, beyond what I have ever seen, or 
could have fancied. (Here follows a long list of officers killed 
and wounded, friends apparently of the corresponding parties, 
from the manner in which they are mentioned,) 

" Several of the troops of Horse, Artillery are almost without 
officers, and almost all the guns were repeatedly in the Enemy's 
bands; the officers and men retiring from them on the near 
approach of the Enemy's cavahry, to shelter themselves in our 
squares of infantry, and resumipg their posts and guns the moment 
the cavalry were repulsed,* I have escaped very well, la a 
momentary lull of the fire, the men of poor Ramsay's f troop 

* The Editor is informed, that it is part of the regular drill of the Horse Ar- 
tillery (as if in view to such events as are here described) to dismount their guns, 
take off a wheel, or all the wheels^ and leave and scatter theqa about, so as to render 
them useless to an enemy,, tt^e men retiring each with an allotted portable article, 
essential to their utUity. On a given signal by bugle, each man instantly rushes 
to-hi» assigned post and part, and the gun is remounted and fired, in less time than 
it has required to write, or perhaps to read this note. On some occasions, in anti- 
cipation of au abandonment of position, the gun itself is mdved off by the men 
without the carriage, the latter being supposed to be disabled ; or, supposing a 
wheel to be disabled, or any other part of the gun, such part is replaced at the 
drill, from the spare stores in reserve, with a rapidity and facility not easily ima- 
gined by fhose who have not witnessed it. Thus all the contingent casualties of actual 
service, sach as those which called for this note, are anticipated at drill, and when 
they really occur, scarcely interrupt the executive operation of tlie gun. Editot. 

t Tliis lamented officer commanded a troop of Horse Artillery ; fell covered 
wiUi wounds, at the moment when nearly all the ofiicers of his troop ware hit by 
mounted riflemen, who advanced behind the Cuirassiers. Captain R. held a like 
f^oipn^Mid in the Peninsular war. It is no disparagement to any officer who acted 
in either of these brilliant campaigns to sajr, that his Afajesty hi^ not a more zealous 



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38 Artillery Operations. 

dug a grave, and buried his warm body in the spot wfivi^ 
it fell, and, before their tears were dried, were recalled to s| 
renewal of the struggle. — All with me now is a oonfiised 
recolleetion' of scenes that seem still present : — the noise— the 
groans' of the dying, and all the lH>rrid realities of the field, seem 

yet before tt>e. In this very house are poor -, leg shot oflF, but 

not yet amputated. shot through the lungs, and — * — 

and — - &c. &,c. &c. are woended. ■ of ours and and 

&c. &c» &c. are killed. So many are killed and wounded, 

that I scarcely dare attempt to name them. — What a strange 
letter is this*--what a strange day has occasioned it! To-day 
is Sunday. How often have I observed, that biitties are fought 
on Sundays ! Alas ! what three days have I passed !-^-what days 
of glory— yet what days of misery to thousands! Tb© field 
of battle tOMlay is strewed with dead. But let me turn awhile 
from scenes so distressing, even in description, and \vg me 
down with a grateftd Sease of mercies vouchsafi&d. — I might 
have got a decoration for you — but the Officer of the Im- 
perial Guard who wore it, and who offered it as a prisoner, looked 
so vrishftilly at the reward of many a gallant day, that I could not 
think of taking it. I made an acquaintance in the field with a 
French I4eat Col. — poor fellow, badly wounded and prisoner^ 
How misery makes friends of aU ! Adieu. I will seqd you a 
more correct account of the battle when able." 

JVit;eUe«, 20/tme,1815. 
'* AU well. The victory was more complete than we at first imsr 
gined, I will give you in this letter seme account of the fruits of 
the sanguinary contest of the day before yesterday, but I cannot yet 
give a corrected account of the struggle. I wrote a few lines afkr 
the close of the day, and hope my letter was received before the public 

reports of the battle. I would fain write to — and , 

but am interrupted 



In truth, now that the stem feelings of the 
day have given way to the retqm of better, I think with a bitler- 



officer Id the field. His Royal Highness the Prince Regent, with feelings and libe- 
rality that mnst endear him to all hearts, caused the most con6<datory connaoi- . 
cations to be conveyed frow himself to the afflicted parent and relatives of this ex- 
cellent soldier and man, together with a handsome provl^on for several who lodged 
more Immediatety to him for snpp^rt JStUtor* 



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jBoo^A'* Battle ^ Waterloo. 39 

DDM of aogoish, not to be 4^cril^ed^ on tdp loss of my friend 

« — ^» And not of this ^iend alone, but of many others, though 
less dear than poor ■ .■ Delancy is said to be dead. 

This is our greatest loss ; npi^e can be greater, public or pctyate. 
" The troops are moving — ^the Duke is still at Brussels. .Orders 

arfd'just come for wd . The Duke's forte is in 

pursuit of the beaten Enemy — where indeed, and what, is not bis 
forte? Cold and indifferent— nay, apparently careles^.in the be- 
^giomng of battles — when the moment of difficulty comes, intelli- 
gence flashes from the eyes of this wonderful man, and he rises 
superior to all that can be imagined. The following is a list of 
some of our trophies : — 

Tahem at Waterloo, 18 Jun$, 1815. 

12 pounder Guns 36 12 pounder Waggons ... 74 

6 67 6 pounder do. • • « . . 71 

6 inch Howitzers 18 Howitzers, do, . ... 60 

Mpounderdo. 17 .....a^ 

' Total 106 

Total Cannon 122 — 

« rt rf • Forage Waggons . . . . . 20 

^MtreGw^arrtMgei. Waggons oflmperial Guard .62 

12 pounder .» .6 «,.,"" 

Howitzer 6 Total 72 

Cpounders J| Grand Tot^, 400, 

20 

** Adieu ! for the present," 

Nivelles, 2Q June, 9. A. M. 

* ** I leave off but to begin again, as moments of occupation and 
leisure require and allow. I have just sent to Brussels a letter for 
you, enclosing a rough sketch of our losses ^ that is of part, you 
abaU have all when the returns arrive. There are several jof o«ir 
men's wives in your neighbourhood — happy will they be n6t to 

find their husbands' names in the fatal list. I find ^ troop 

lost 90 horses ; b|it it behaved so well, so steadily, that it w^ 
gratifying tp all who witnessed it. The English Horse Artillery 
did great execution. Their ordnance has been recently f changed 
a few days, and it is the opinion of some Artillery officers, that 

* Regiibental losses, perhaps. ' EdU^r, 

;t llie exchange from «a 9-pdifoder« and one brigttde tOff howitiefv, wnr only 
fiiiBdeafeWda7«bdbf>e. B4Uor, <. . ^ . 



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40 ArtiUery Operations. 

had the troc^s continued with light gtins, the great di^ hall 
been lo^t. The earlier hoars of the battle were chiefly aflhirs of 
artillery: but, kept down by the admirable and steady fire of 
our guns, the Enemy's infantry could not come on en nuMsse ; 
and his cavalry, though bold, impetuous, and daring, wai^ 
forced to try the flanks, rather than the front of our position*^ 

* No account yet published of the battle^ seen by the Editor, has iQentiooed in 
adequate terms, the effect of our artiUery at Waterloo ; no Engtiak accdrat at leaat. 
Tlie Emof^jf/dt it, and in their manner of expreMing theraselTes, have pasted tli^ 
gteatest compliment. A French account, given in our preceding pag^ says, '^ The 
£nglis]i ArtiUery made drea4ful hacoek in our ranks.*' See p. 1S5, Vol. I. ^ The Impe- 
rial Guard made several charges, but was constantly repulsed, crushed by a tarribU 
mrtiUenf, that each miuute seaned to wmltiply. These invincible grenadiers beheld the 
grape-ihot make day ihrouf^h their males; they closed promptly and coolly their shat- 
tered files/' p. 1S8.. '' £noi*mou8 masses of British infantry, supported f>y an 
immense cavalry we had nothing to oppose to, (for our own had already met Of 
dlutruction*" J ib. This confif ms the description of our destructive fire : but in 
aU tlie accounts, the battle, from the first to. the Uut^ the important efiectt 
of this right arm of war appears to be forgotten. Buonaparte as making Ida 
last effort at Waterloo, says a foreign account, headed the advance, having 
na otber resource, of his forlorn hope ; *' but when he arrived within 4O0 yard^ 
of three solid squares of allied troops, which occupied a ridge with fermidaUe 
artillery, which ridge it was necessary to c%rry, he suddenly stopped under th^ 
broken ground of a sand-pit or ravine, and a little on one side, out qf the direetiom 
iff the cannon-halU.*' See p. 160. Buonaparte himself, we tlius see, was stopped by 
the fire of our artillery ; and the account referred to, by an eye-witness, describea 
the formidable columit as '* surprised and discontented,'' when they ibund Buona- 
parte was not, as they expfscted, at their head. They did not however stop, buf 
pushed on ; and we shall see tlie result. *^ In proportion as they ranged op the emi- 
nence," the account continues, *^ and darted forward on the squares which occupied 
its anmrnit, the arlilUry vomited death upon themy and killed tjiem in mmuee** See 
p. 150. In an account given by an officer of the Northumberland, of Napoleon's con- 
versations on board that ship, he says, << Buonaparte gives great credit to our in- 
fantry and artillery." See p. 175. A Hanoverian account, first published in this 
work, says : '' The fire of the Enemy's artillery, now became brisker, and it was 
kept up on both sides with a vehemence such as few of the oldest soldiers, perhaps^ 
e^er witnessed.*' p. 194. llie French official account, given in a preceding part, 
says : '^ For three hours numerous charp'es were made, which enabled us to penetrate 
several squares, and to take six standards of the light infantry ; an advantage out of 
proporti<^n with the loss which oar cavalry experienced by the grapcpshot and 
musket^ring." p. 258. Again : — *^ As the Cuirassiers suffered from the grape-sh^t^we 
sent four battalions of the middle guard to protect the Cuirassiers, keep the position^ 
and, if possible, draw back into the plain a part of our cavalry." p. ^59. '^ At half 
past one o^clock, the four battalions of the middle guard, who had been sent to the 
ridge to support the Cuirassiers, being greatly annoyed by the grapcrshot, endeavoured 
to carry the batteries with the bayonet." ib. Th«s we see that the artillery continued 
tiU the very close of the action, as at the beginning, its destructive effects* In p. 115 



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Booths Battle of Waterloo. 41 

The steadmess of our infantry, too, became confirmed by the com- 
{Murathre repose afforded by the fire of the artillery. Notwithstand- 
ing, had Napoleon supported his first cavalry attacks on both 0anks 
by masses of infantry, he had gained the day. His last attack^ 
which was so supported, we were aware of. Ai| officer of the 
Imperial Cuirassiers, whether a deserter or not we could not de- 
termine, apprised us of this, pointing to the side on which he said 
the attack would be made in a quarter of an hour. It was neees- 
aary to find the Duke, and — reported the important informal 

.of our present volume, the following passage ocean. • " The two brigades of 
artillery belonging to General Cooke's division had taken np a position on the ridge 
of the hill, in front of the line of infantry, and the moment the Enemy made his ap- 
pearance, our nine-pounders opened upon his columns. The Artillery officers had 
got the range so accurately, that almost every shot and shell fell in the very centre 
of bis masses. So great was the effect produced by these few guns, that all Jerome's 
bravery could not make his fellows advance. This was the beginning of the action.'' 
Again : — '^ l*he artillery on both sides was well served ; but Buonaparte bad upwards 
of 950 pieces in the field. Notwithstanding our Inferiority in this arm, whioh was 
fitiOll more apparent from the size of the Enemy's guns,' (being t ^-pounders, ours onfy 
9 and 6,) than from their numbers, ours were, so well fought, that I believe it is allowed 
by all, they did equal execution." p. 18,Vol. II. Again.—Describing Buonaparte's last 
effort at half past seven o'clock, when ** he gave orders to form the last column of 
attack, formed principally of the Guard, which had hitherto suffered but little — he 
ipave directions foi* the whole of the lin^ to second this effort, upon which he said the 
victory depended ; and placing himself at their head, they advanced in double 
quick time. These veteran warriors,' so long esteemed the first troops in Europe, 
advance^] across the plain, which divided the two armies, with a firmness which 
nothing could exceed ; and though our grape and cannister made dreadful havock 
in their ranks, they were not disconcerted." p. 20. See also the account of Capl. 
Bolton and Napier's brigade of Foot Artillery, froni which it appears the Artillery 
had turned the Enemy, previous to the advance of the Guards, p. 46. The French 
displayed the greatest rage and fury ; they cursed the English while they were 
fighting, and cursed tlie precision with wliich the English gra|>e^shot was fired, 
which,. said the man, '' was neither too high nor too low, but struck right in the 
middle." p. 82, Vol. I. Many other testimonials might be added to these, of the 
excellent practice made by our artillery in this short campaigii— shortened probably 
thereby— A statement of the loss before us, states 32 officers, 300 nsen killed and 
pounded, and 529 horses killed of the Artillery, in the actions of the 16th and 18th." 
This statement may be relied on. And it may serve to mark the comparative 
severity of this short campaign, when we state, that the total field casualties of the 
corps of Artillery in the whole Peninsular warfare^ wherein their zeal and execution 
have been highly and justly praised, did not half equal this amount. We may further 
be allowed to remark, though perhaps irrelevant, that in the whole of the campaigns fut 
Portngal, Spain, the Pyrenees, and their vicinity, we did not lose a single gun. In 
one action, some of the field-pieces fell into the Enemy's hands for a while, bat were 
retaken. £d<f«r. . 

• Dr. HaUtdir* tcfomit, iMMttlMd ia Ptrit. 



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A& Artillery Optratumi. 

Hon, so that the necessary disposition were made. WUh all^hes^, 
4ius last struggle was nearly fatal to our hopes. Bat our in- 
fantry remaining firm, not only receiving the eavidry in sqa^res, 
but, on ttieir retiring, darting into line, and charging the Im- 
perial Infantry Guards, and again resuming their sqvarea, the 
JEaemy was forced to give way. I have seen nothing like tiiia mo> 
ment. The sky literally darkened with smoke — ^the sun jqst going 
4own, and which till then bad not for some hours broken through 
tke gloom of a doll day — the indescribable shouts of thoyfiands-^ 
was impossible to distmguish between friend and foe. Every man's 
arm was raised against that of every other. Saddenly after the 
mingled mass had ebbed , and flowed, the Enemy began to give 
way, and cheering and English huzzas announced that the d$f 
must be ours. 

" Are you not tired of battles ?— ^ick of the sanguinary descrip- 
tion?— What must have been the reality? The Duke himself 
aaid, in the evening, that he had never seen such a battle, and 
hoped he never should again. To this hope, we will all say, Araeo. 

^* Before the aflair began, the Duke had a copy of a report from 

^ of , who was on piquet at St. Lambert, that Bulow 

with 25,000 Prussians were arrived at Ohain, three quarters of a 
league from his post; — ^That Bulow had sent an officer to say so, 
0od wished the Duke to be acquainted with it. Meeting Sir 
Thomas Picton, I communicated it to him. He told me the line 
inas ordered under arms, and that we were to be attacked. 
Pasaing Sir Thomas, and riding to the left of the position, whither 
I understood the Duke to have gone, the Enemy^s Lancers were 
observed gaily stretching to their right ; and the heads of th^ 
infatitry oolumns were just appearing. This was about 10 A. M. Sk 
Thomas Picton, with whose division we were also come to the 
spot, and whilst speaking to our party, rode up to a Belgic bat- 
t^on to porrect something giving way. He has since fallen. 
jN'ot findmg the Duke, we rode toward the centre, where we found^ 

him. On telling what, we had learned, he said his Grace 

was aware of it. 

** His Grace had determiaed not to lose a wood * 300 yards. «a 
firontof that part of the line that was^in reality the weakest lUs 
wood is close to where the extension of our line touched the pave 

* Tt ii reported, that Lord Uxbridge, when asking the Dake for th« nntertaA p^isli 
of his operation should anor accident arise, received lor fQ>ly, keep Hougomont. E. 



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Botch's BMk of Waterloo. 43 

leadiBl^ from Nivelles to Waterloo. From this pavi^ there is aa 
avenue of 200 yards leading to one lai^e a&d two smaller boases 
enelosedy together wiib a large garden, within a' wall. Beyond 
the wall, and embracing the whole front of the buildings, and an 
orchard, and perhaps altogether three or four acres, is the thick 
wood. To the rig^t, as viewed from our position, the wood was 
high ; to the left, less high ; and toward our position, thick, but low. 

** Whilst looking about, it was again ifemarked, that the Weak 
point of our line was on our right ; and it was imagined, that the 
^jSneiny, making a demonstration on our left, would forcibly seiae 
the wood, and interposing between us and Braine-Ia*Leude, ende»- 
your to turn the right flank of our second line. To prevent this, 
^he Howitzer troop (Major Bull's) was ordered up, and came in 
Tory handsome style. By this time, the Enemy had forced a Belgip 
battalion out of the orchard to the left of the wood, and thefe was 
|i hot fire on a battalion, (or 4 companies, I forget which,) of the 
Guards stationed in the buildings, and behind the walled garden* 

f^ The imposipg approach' of the Howitzer Troop, eneouraged 
the remainder of the division of the Guards, who were lying down 
to be sbeltere4 from the fire. The Duke, observing what was in-* 
4;ended^ made some remarks upon the delicacy of the service, as it 
^regarded the correctness of the howitzers, piM^t of the wood being 
lield by pur troops, and part by the Enemy; his Grace explainiag 
^t the samid timi^ in the clearest and most calm manner tbe situation 
of afiairs, Th^ Duke being satisfied that every dependenet 
flight be placed upon the men and g^ns, orders Were given, Uie 
tr^op cominei^ced its fire, and in ten minutes the Enemy were driven 
from the wood. Major Ramsay's and Captain Mercer's troops of 
. Horse Artillery were now ordered to the right of Sir Henjcy Clii»^ 
^on's division, in the second line, and Captain Webber Smithes 
troop fired down the pave leading from Nivelles to WatericK). By 
this time the Enemy^ stretching to his left, showed some squadrofis 
of Lancers and Cuirassiers towards our right There were several 
imdulations and one hollow road, by which he might advance 
jrapidly to the attack ; and we remained some time, expecting to 
observe some indication of his approach ; but the Enemy not 
pressing, part of the 61st Light Battalion was pushed, on beyond 
where the road in your map leads firom the pm>e tO' Braine4a-Leu«l. 
• ** The.action becfonpin^ mqre general^ the .fire hotter, aiMl nothing 



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44 Artilleri/ OperationSf 

pressings particularly on our right wing, we returned to the firtt 
line. Ramsa/s troop was ordered to the centre of the second line, 
whither also it became necessary, at one time, to send Bulls troop 
to refit and repair carriages. The wood from the front of which it 
went, was taken and retaken three times. At a quarter before three 
thi^ large building burst out in a volume of flaine, and formed a 
striking feature in the murderous scene. Imagining that this fire 
might oblige our troops to quit a post most material, and that it 
would have an effect, and probably a great one, on the results of 
the day, I remarked the time by my watch. The Guards, how- 
ever, held the post, and maintained themselves in the lesser build- 
ings, from which the Enemy could not dislodge them. To our right 
of the burning buildings, a troop of Horse Artillery, galled by the 
superior fire of the Enemy's artillery, could not keep its ground. 
But the post being essential, it was ordered up again at all hazards; 
and Its loss was not so great- as might have been ^reasonably 
expected. True is the observation, that boldness is generally 
safety. 

" By this time the infantry were entirely formed into squares ; the 
cavalry generally in solid columns; the crest of our position 
crowned with artillery. It was now that the French cavalry, ad- 
yancing with an unparalleled intrepidity, attacked at once the right 
and centre of our position, their advance protected by a can- 
nonade more violent than ever. Behind the crest of the position, 
tile ground declined gradually to the easy valley in which the pave 
runs ; by an equally gentle swell, the ground rose beyond the pave 
to the position of the second line, perhaps a quarter of a mile from the 
first, but receding more toward the left; This declination of ground 
was most favourable to the infantry, who under a tremendous 
cannonade were thus in a great measure sheltered, by their lying 
down by order. On the approach, — the majestic approach, — of the 
French column, the squares rose, and with a steadiness almost in- 
conceivable, awaited, without firing, the rush of the cavalry; who, 
after making some fruitless efforts, sweeping the whole artillery of the 
line, and receiving the fire of the squares as they passed, retired, 
followed by, and pell-mell with, our own cavalry, who, formed behind 
our squares, advanced on the first appearance (which was unex- 
pected) of the Enemy's squadrons. The Enemy rushed down the 
hiU, fi^rming again under its shelter, and in a great measure co- 



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Booth's Battle of Waterloo. 45 

vered from the fire of our guns, which by recoiling had retired so 
as to lose their original and first position. But in a deep stiff soil 
the fatigue of the Artillerymen was great, and their best exer- 
tions were unable to remove the guns again to the crest with- 
out horses, and to employ the horses was certain loss of tyhe anir 
mals. The repeated charges of the Enemy's noble cavalry were 
Mmilar to the first — each was fruitless ; not an infantryman moved ; 
and on each charge, abandonmg their guns, our artillerymen sheltered 
themselves between the flanks of their squares. Twice, however, 
the Enemy tried to charge in front ; these attempts were entirely 
frustrated by the fire of our guns, wisely reserved till the hostile 
squadrons were within twenty yards of the muzzles. In this thct 
cool and quiet steadiness of the troops of Horse Artillery wf« 
very creditable. The obstinacy of these attacks made our «ituat 
tion critical ; though never forced, our ranks were becoming thin* 
The second line was therefore chiefly ordered across the valley, 
.and formed in masses behind the first; the broken intervals of 
which, where necessary, it filled up. Some time before this the 
Duke ordered up all the reserve Horse Artillery, which at that 
time were but two troops, (Bull's and Mercer's) ; they advanced 
witii an alacrity and rapidity most admirable. 



*' The brigades behaved admirably, and ^ere of most essential 
service. Rogers's was with Picton's division, near La Haye.Sainte ; 
Sandham's near the centre of the line ; Lloyd's on the left of the 
right centre, a little to the left of the wood of Hougomopt, where 
they maintained a tremendous fire throughout the whole of the day. 
Lloyd was mortally wounded towards the close of the action, while 
giving directions to Lieut. Wells and Phelps, commanding the' two 
only guns of his brigade remaining at that period serviceable, an<| 
which were drawn immediately in front of Gen. B}ng's square of 
Guards, and fired with very great effect on the Cuiras»ers and 
Lancers, when they repeatedly charged and retired from them.* 

" The Artillery, fired on the 18th, 200 rounds a gun. 

** Capt. Bolton's brigade of nine pounders, afterwards Capt 
Napier's, were importantly posted in the operations of the 18th. 
In the early part of the day, this brigade when in position,xOn an- 
extreme height which was thrpwn back^ two batteries of eight 

* Particularly noticed by a Guards' ofllicer in bis letter, dated BaTay, June ^1, 
1815. Vide Vol L 



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46 AfiiUeiy Oferatiom. 

pounders and heavy howitssers were brought to bear on two ^nos 
which were detached from the brigade, under CapL N^>ier, for the 
purpose of flanking the wood of Hougomont> to prevent the 
Enemy from attacking the right side .of the same ; the heavy loss 
sustained by these guns, induced the General to order the other 
gnlis of the brigade to assist them, together with Lt.-Col. 'Webber 
Snuth'ji Troop of Horse Artillery and Msyor Sympher's, wbtek 
opened sack a fire of Shn^ell shells and round shot on Iheni, 
that in less tlum a quarter of an hoar they had not a gnn to beaof 
on as> and a great number of the Enemy with the cannon were 
destroyed. 

** This brigade^ about the close of the dtly, was stationed on Use. 
right of our Ghiards, commanded by Capt. Napier, after Gapt. Bai* 
ton's 4all, when the Imperial Guards led on by Marshal Ney aboat 
half past seven o'clock^ made their i^i'pearance from a com-^ld, 
in close columns of grimd divisions, nearly opposite, and within a 
distance of fifty yards from the muzzle of the g^s.* Orders were 
given to load with cannister shot, and literally five rounds from each 
g«ii were fired with this destructive species of shot» before they 
shewed the least symptom of giving way. At the .29th round, th^ 
left gave way, and they were then attacked by the Guards, who were 
at this period lying down in line, when they made a most gallant 
charge with the 05th» and 2d Division, and 13th Light Dragodos, 
which decided the fate of that glorious day, by forcing them to fidl 
back. Previous to this attack, the Duke came up to the brigade, 
and asked * What they were firing at V One of the officers (JUent. 
Sfaarpiu) told his Grace, * At a French colnmu approaching/ 
He then asked Lieut. S. 'Who ordered the guns there T His 
Grace was answered * CSaptain N/ This reply was sciMrcely 
finished when the Duke, who discovered the French colnm? 
in the com, said — * Look out.' His Ghraoe immediately ordered 
the Guards to rise; and he stationed himself on the left of the guns 
close to their right, and was very intent watching the Prussians 
through his glass, until the enemy gave way. Unfortunately, Capt 
Napier, after the day was won, received eig^t wounds; bis thigh 

* Vide X for the positioD, in the Map of tl^ Field of Waterloo on the teale of fire 
iochet to a mile, whidi accompanies the 4to. Edition, (poisetson qftke 8m. E^^np 
may purchase this valuabe PUm, with the accompanyi$ig Letter-press Rrferemees aad 
Memik-y) drawn by Mr. Crann, Engineer to the King of the Nctberiands, who, in 
speaking of this brigade, states ** it did great execution." 



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Booth's Battle of WaJterloo. 47 

ihA)tiired in two places, and right hand disabled. His wounds 
were received while in the act of stopping a brigade of Gemum 
artillwy from endangering the Rves of our brave countrymen, who- 

were mixed with the enemy." 

* 

*• It were tiresome to describe further. Somewhere or other 1 
hi^e already mentioned the concluding struggle of the gigantio 
contest. The horror of the scene strikes me now*— at the moment---- 
Its taiagnificence alone filled my mind. Several times were critical ; 
but confidence in the Duke, I have no doubt, animated every breasL 
His Grace exposed his person, not unnecessarily, but nobly :— ^ 
without his personal exertions, his continual presence wherever 
and whenever more than usual exertions ^ere rectuired, the day 
hsA been lost. ' Twice have I saved this day by perseverance,' 
said his Grace, before the last great struggle, and said so most 
justly. 

*^ Another saying that'CveMBg to JLord Fitzroy Somerset, deserves 
jto be recorded-—' I have never fought such a batUe, and I trust I 
shall never fight such another,' This was after the day was our owiu 

** The Life Guards made some good charges, and overset the 
Cuirassiers ; searching with the coolness of experienced soldiers 
the unprotected parts of their opponents, and stabbing where the 
openings of the cuirass would admit the points of their swords. 
The Rocket troop, under Ms^or Whinyates, was two hundred 
yards more to the left of this post, and has suffered severely ; it 
had also to wield the lighter ordnance. The rockets were used, 
and were useful ; circumstances, however, did not arise to afford 
many opportunities of applying them. The Duke never was 
more to the left than the interdection of our centre by the pmSf 
which was in a ravine, and close by a large building (La Haye 
Sainte) occupied alternately by friend and foe, and a point more 
than conrnionly murderous. 

" The Belgic troops, though they yielded, yet returned to their 
posts. One corps of them, probably stragglers from all, gallop^ 
all the way to Brussels, spreading terror and dismay, breaking open 
and plundering our spare carriages and store waggons, which from 
prudence were sent to the rear* 

"* In order to excuse himself from the charge of uimecessary rep^tltioD,, the 
Editor begs to observe, t^t the lines between the rules, are from another source, 
which if he were to curtail would lessen the interest. / . . 



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48 Artillery Operations. • 

'* I may seem to have forgotten the Prussians in this battle. I 
saw none ; but I believe to our left that they really did advance; 
and the knowledge of their position might certainly have induced 
Napoleon to withdraw when his eflTorts against us were unavailing. 
We expected their co-operation early in the day, and earnestly 
looked for it ; but it was not visible from any point where the 
Duke was till dusk, when we had swept the Enemy from the plain 
in our front. 

** Equipments of all kinds are collecting. I have had, you see, 
some leisure to-day. To-morrow must bring its occupation with 
it — and soon, how soon ! will all that the day before yesterday pre- 
sented be ibrgotten, unless arrested while yet fresh in the recollec- 
tion. Might not one wish that it was forgotten ? — that the bitter 
pangs which recollection cannot, but cause in so many hearts, 
might be spared ? or may we say, with the Poet of an action less 
brilUant than the one just gained ; — 

** Weep fondly, bat exulting weep/' 

8 a. m. 22d June, Traismere sur Flou. 

*' Near Malplaquet, which I reached last night at 12, having 
ridden from IS^ivelles, by the scene of the 18th, to Genappe, back 
to Waterloo, again to Nivelles, and hither by Binch ; to-day we 
are moving on Gateau, (by Cambray,) the scene of a glorious vic- 
tory, 1794. We have passed the fron- 
tiers, and shall soon be nearer to Paris than to Brussels. 

" On the evening of the 20th, the Duke desired that the cap- 
tured guns might be parked ; several artillery officers volunteered 
to collect them during the night. It was feared, whilst our chief 
attention had been paid to re-equipping our force, and send- 
ing forward every thing necessary for the probable work in our 
front, that the Prussians had appropriated the trophies of our vic^ 
tory. The report of the proceedings of the officers on this service 
18 very interesting. All the scattered artillerymen and horses were 
collected, and the party proceeded by Lillois toward the burnt 
house, and rode carefully over the ground of the action. Before they 
r-eached it, they perceived the air tainted from the effluvia of the 
dead. It was a moon-light night, frequently dull, with repeated 
flashes of lightning. But few guns were found, though the field 
was carefully examined ; it was known, indeed, that most of them 
had been blocked up in the road leading to Genappe, having-been 



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BootVt Battle of Waterloo. 49 

merely tlirown aside to clear the road. Sut> supposing that many 
sufferers might be still living on the field, all the spare Horse Ar- 
tiDerymen that were found at Lillois, (whither all the broken parts 
of troops had been sent to refit,) were talteii to. assist in this labour 
of humanity* Fall occupation was soon found for all. On eivery sid* 
poor fellows were seen dying and suffering in erery vairiety of 
wretchedness ; and it was necessary to enjoin strict silence in the 
searching party, that the scarcely audible groans of some of the 
sufferers might not escape notice. Before morning several wagr 
gOD^Ioads of these brave fellows were collected. It is scarcely 
necessary to add, that no one then knew any distinction of friend 
and foe. When all was done on this point, the search for the giins 
was resumed and extended ; but, except a few here and there, none 
were fbond. in places where they were known to have been in 
abundance the nigbt before and the party began to feso- that Ae 
nuyor part wouM altogether escape their search. At last/ howevetr^^ 
near Genappe, they found 161 guns with some hundreds of aaii» 
munition and other carriage^. They were regularly parked witk 
Prussian centries. With some difficulty the Prussian officer was 
foundT He was asleep under some straw, and evidently did not 
wish to be seen ; after bearing the errand of our party, and seeing 
the return of the guns taken by the British on the 18th, he readily 
^ assented to their delivery, and they were accordingly drawn off 
and' parked near Waterloo. 

** It' was particularly remarked, that most of the sufferers thus 
rescued from their impending fate, complained that they had been 
fiv4 days in misery and want Poor soub ! — ^the action was on 
, the 18tb, they were brought off before day-light on the 21st. He^ 
misery prolongs time !— how rapidity of idea and occupation pro* 
long too its recollection ! — It seems ahready an age since we wew at 
Brussels — the day of the 18th seems an age ago." 

^2d June^ 6 p. m, Cateau, 
' '* The bells here are ringing merrily, and the white flag is dis- 
played from the steeple. Nothing but * Vive Louis 18<A' is heard* 
shouted with as much energy as * Vive VEmpereur^ would have 
be«n, had he got to Brussels. I trust we shall march rapidly on. 
I fiiUy anticipate another battle ; but that our cause will prevail, I 
most confidently hope and believe ; still we must neglect nb pre- 
caution to insure it," 

Vol. II. B 



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50 .. Cavdry MotemeaU, 



EARL OF UXBRIDGE. 

The preface to fiulher details of the cavahy operations cannot 
be better commenced, than bj a short recapitulation of the share 
taken bj that distinguished officer, the Earl of Uxbridge, in the 
operations of the army. 

On the egth of May, 18 15, the whole of the Britbh cavalry and 
horse artillery/ together with the rocket corps, were reviewed on an 
extensive plain, at Schendelbeke, a village between Ninove and 
Gramont, but nearest 'to the latter. The whole of die troops, amount- 
ing to about eight thousand men, were formed on the ground in three 
lines, about half past nine a'clock a. m. The Duke of Wellington 
arrived about half past twelve, accompanied by Field*Mardial Bht-^ 
(oher, the Prince of Orange,^the Duke de Berri, the Earl of ITxbridge, 
and a long list of distinguished foreigners. Some idea may be^ 
formed of the extent of the lines, when it b stated, that it occupied 
an hour and a half to ride along them. After the Duke of Wellii^ 
ton had performed this part of the duties of the day, and taken his 
station, the whole of die troops marched past in columns of half 
squadrons, at quarter distance. It was the finest sight that peihaps 
was ever seen in any country ; the crowd of spectators from all parts 
of the vicinity viras immense, and there were several English equi- 
pages from Brussels on the grounds The cavalry, which was com- 
mand^ by the Earl of Uxbridge, claimed particular notice. His 
Lordship's great exertions, and happy arrangements, had the effeot of 
giving a more than ordinary combination to the whole body ; and his 
personal devotion upon all occasions of service, inspired confidence 
and alacrity in every individual, which insured success in the hour of 
conflict. Tlie Duke of Wellington was pleased to express his ap» 
probation of the appearance of the troops in a general Order on ^ 
following day. After the review, the Earl of Uxbridge entertainnl 
the l)uke of Wellington and his party vnth a most splendid diaper 
at Ninove, the cavalry head-quarters. Covers were laid for one hon- 
dred persons, and none under die nuojc of fieldrofficer weft latntM^ 
mless belongmg to the Staff. 



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^ootVs Battle of Waterloo. 51 

On the openiiig of the campaign, oki the l&b of Jude, the ca« 
valrj had scarcely reached the scene of action, being to be drawn 
from Irery distant cantonments. (Fide page 2 1 .J 

On the 17th, large bodies of the eneniy's cavalry, broughjt from 
the right, pressed hard upon the retreat of the British ; but the 
Earl of Uxbridge, equally .alert with the Usurper, never suffered 
the squadrons of the latter to derange his movementy ft)r aa ior 
stant ; and the enemy, in several examples, had good reason to regret 
the keenness of his pursuit, which he at length gave up, towards 
five o'clock in the evening. " He dkplayed," says an eye-witness 
of his Lordship's conduct in the field on this occasion, ^' consum- 
mate valour, in the sig|it of the admij ing men. As it was the greatest 
object at the moment, to kindle the spirit of our troops ; what could 
more effectually do this, than the display, gallantry, and dash of Uieir 
superior ? This was the more important, as it is also a certain fa<^^ 
that not having as yet made an essay on the cuirassiers, they enter- 
tained the idea, that all attack upon them was ineffectual."''^ A^ 
the entrance into Geuappe, the Earl intrepidly led on the 1st Life 
Guards against the Lancers, and enabled the former fully to establish 
their superiority. The 2d Life Guards were about making a similar 
charge, when the enemy prudently retired. 

Much having been said respecting the first attack of the Hussars^ 
it perhaps will afford the best explanation in giving Lord Uxbridge's 
Letter to his Regiment. 

BrussehyJwM ^^l^lo* 

" My dear Brother Ofiicers, 
'^ It haa been stated to me, that a report injurious to the reputa-* 
tion of our regiment has gone abroad ; and I do not, therefore, lose an 
instant in addressing you on the subject. The report must take its 
origin from tlie affair that took place with the advanced ^ard of tlf« 
Prench cavalry, near Genappe, on the 17th instant, when I ordei*^ 
the 7th to cover the retreat. As I was with you, and saw the condivct 

^ ^ ' ' ^" < - - 

• Vide Officer's Letters^ 2d Life (ytiards, dated, Jqne 20, 1815, Tot I, 



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52 Cavalry Motemenis. 

of every iodividuil, there is no one more capable of speaking to the 
ftct than I am* As the Lancers pressed us hard, I ordered yoa 
(upon a prbciple I ever did, and shall act upon,) not to wait to be 
attacked, but to fall upon them. The attack was most gallandy led by 
the officers ; but it failed, it failed, because the Lancers stood firm, 
bad their flanks secured, and were backed by a large mass of 
cavalry. The regiment was repulsed, but did not run away. No — 
it rallied immediately, I renewed the attack. It again failed from 
the same cause. It retired in perfect order, although it had sustained 
80 severe a loss; but you had thrown die Lancers into disorder, 
who being in motion, I then made an attack upon, with the Life 
Guards, who certainly made a very handsome charge, and completely 
succeeded. This is the plain honest truth. However lightly I think of 
Lancers, under ordinary circumstances, I am of opinion that, posted 
as they were, they had a most decided advantage over the Hussars. 
The impetuosity, however, and weight of the Life Guards, earned 
all before them. And while I exculpate my own regiment, I am 
delighted in being able to bear testimony to the gallant conduct of 
the former. 

^ Be not uneasy, my brother officers ; you had ample opportunityi 
of which you gallantly availed yourselves, of revenging yourselves on 
the 18th for the failure on the 17th; and after all, what regiment, 
and which of us individually is certain of success i Be assured that 
I am proud of being your Colonel, and that you possess my utmost 
confidence, " Your sincere friend, 

(Signed) " ANGLESEY, Lieut-Gen." 

On the 18th, about noon,* upon an attack of our centre by the 
enemy, ** the Duke of Wellington led some battalions of infantry, 
and Lord Uxbridge led the cavalry," when the Life Guards received 
his Lordship's orders to charge the enemy ; and it being their first 
charge, excepting the trivial affair in the retreat of the preceding 
day, every expectation was alive: — its result was glorious! andfai^ 
Lordship declared himself ** perfectly satisfied.'' 

* Gtneial Posed di Borgo, the RoMian Oenetfl'i Account. Vide Vol. I* 



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Booth's Battle of Waterloo. 5$ 

At about half pjast eleven, three heavy masses of the enemy's 
infantry advanced, supported by artillery, and a. numerous body of 
cuirassiers. This formidable body drove in the Belgians, leaving the 
Highland brigade to receive the shock; and M^hich, though it had 
been weakened Ithe preceding day, received them in line, and gave 
them a formidable check. '' At this critical and awful moment. Lord 
Uxbridge galloped up to the 2d Heavy Brigade (Ponsonby's), when 
the three regiments were wheeled up in the most masterly style,, 
presenting a beautiful front of about thirteen hundred men ; and, as 
his Lordship rode do\m the line, he was received by a general shout 
^nd cheer from the brigade. After having taken a short survey of the 
troops, and the threatening attitude of the enemy, his Lordship 
determined upon a charge, which, for the wonderful intrepidity of 
its execution, and its complete success^ has rarely been equalled.'^ 

About seven o'clock, his Lordship, noticing the great pressure 
upon the infantry, at the time when it was necessary, from the slaugh- 
ter committed by the enemy's fire, to take one or two remains of re* 
giments to form a square, and when the heavy cavalry were much 
reduced, ordered the two brigades commanded by Major- General 
Sir Onnsby Vandeleur and Sir Richard Hussey Vivian from the 
left to the main point of attack. These troops being fresh and 
estire, revived the spirits of the oppressed infantry ; and it was upon 
this change of corps, removed so opportunely by his Lordship, that 
the most important services were rendered, such as materially hastened 
the txivLmph^nt Jinale. 

His Lordship had previously, at six o'clock, *^ led the Housdiold 
t^ops in some brilliant attacks, cutting in pieces some battalions 
of the Old Guard, into whose masses they penetFated."t 

Upon the* general advance of the line, and ^' after having suc- 
cessfully got through this arduous day, his Lordship received a wound 
by almost the last shot fired,"| in the joint of his right knee, from 
the bad state of which it was found necessary to amputate the leg 
just above the joint. In contemplating this misfortune, incalculable 

* Vide Officer's Aceonnt of Sir W. Ponsonby's brigade, page 55 following, 
f Vide Austfian Aceonnt, Vol. I. | Dnke WeUiogtofi's Dispatcb* 



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W Cavalry Mavemeftts! 

to tbe coualry, tts it iQfty rob ker of hi^ Lord^p^s ftiti|re jemcet, it 
should still be reflected on whb gratitude, that the aoctdevt did not 
occur at ail eurly period of the day, so as to have prevented the exerr 
^n of liis tictive and animadug efforts ; for (though it should be said 
without designing to take from the great merits of the oflkejrs beneath 
hira ii) 'conin^and) it is but seMoui that there can be in one ai|d the 
same individual, so happy an unity of quaUti^ fitted to form an 
officer of the highest pretensioas ; and probably under similar cir- 
cunwtances, '* it would be^ difficult to find another cbef to lead the 
cavalrx with the same courage and skill."* In the Earl of 
yxbrid^e were combined the possession of exalted rank and 
fortune in the country, an established character of the highest class 
as an officer, vigour of mind, great personal activity, and a dash and 
spirit, proper to exdte the admiration, and emulation of all aroond 
him, and fix his well-earned reputation of being ** the first canhy 
officer in the world!" 



Tbe materials of this woric coosistii^ of the comnHniiaitionay o^ 
extracts from the correspoiidence of officers who were actually on the 
field of battle, it becomes the Editor's duty not to pass over wkhont 
remark those variations which may from time to time present theift- 
selves between the accounts here gives, attd those which are to be 
met with in other books, In a popular and valuable publication o# 
the day,t we find it is stated, in i^elation to the charge of the £d 
Heavy Brigade, on <he 18th, diat/^ Sir John EUey, Quarter-Mi^ter- 
Generid, requested and obtiooed permission to bring \xp that brigade^ 
consisting of the Life Guards, Oxford Bines, and Scotch Greys, aind 
made a charge, tbe effect of which was tremendous." In this instance, 
the great celebrity of tbe author of tfac^sentence quoted may have the 
effect of perpetuating an error, if not corrected; and it is to be 
lamented, that such a writer shotuld have been misinfonned upon the 
subject, excepting only as to the effect of the charge of the Heavy 
Brigade. Sir John EUey was wounded early in thb day : all the 

* Vide Spfmish General's Account, Vol. I. , f Paid^ Letters to his Kinsfolk, 

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Booth's Battle of Waterloo. 65 

cavalry movemeuts were directed and led by Lord Uxbridge in person. 
It may be allowed, perhaps, to add, that this exaqnple, with others 
which might be adduced, that all hearsiay accounts of the memorable 
jBattle of Waterloo, ought to be cautiously received ; many errors 
being unintentionally committed, from the want of ocular informa-^ 
^on ;* while, as above remarked, the resources of tjie present, and 
preceding volume, consist in the actual recitals of gentlemen M'bo l^w 
th*^ conflict, atid who describe what fell under their observation, 

We pow proceed to offer farther particulars in detail of our ca- 
yalry operations. For the movement of the Jst, or what is generalljr 
^rmed the Household Brigade, ^e reader is referred to the letter of 
fok Officer of ike ?d JLife Guards^ in Vol. J, 



MqfOTv General Sir William Ponsonhtfs Brigade of Cavalry ^ 
consisting of \st, 2d, and Qth Dragoons. 

(B^ an Ofliper in th^ Brigadef) 

The conspicuous feature which the second heavy brigade of ca- 
valry formed in the operations of the memorable day of Waterlop, 
with the esteem pind regret tiiat we feel for its gallant leader. Sir 
William Ppusonby, cannot fail in giving an interest to every par^ 
^f^ular th^t can h^ gathered as to the considerable share they took 
1)) the ^Ipry pf that day. The brigade consisted of the 1st, or Royals, 
whiter frpm its long services in Spain, was the weakest of the three 
in point pf numbers; the 2nd, or Scotch Greys; and the 6th, or 
InniskiUings, This brigade was formed in position the night before, 
in a wet barley field on the left of the line, in the rear of the High- 
land brigade and a corps of Belgic troops. 

On the morning of the I8th, the brigade was formed into a close 

* As we have mentioned one error, it Will be the best opportimi^ to remark, 
respeotiiig the infkntry movements, that the 33d Regiment never bad tlieir oo- 
kmrs seized by a French mounted officer, but attempted ; tlie French were 
entirely beat and driven off the ground ; and in Simpson's account of the 
Battle, respecting the 33d, it should be that they were on the right of the 79th 
find 28th. 



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56 Cavalry Movements. 

coiumn of half squadrons, a little in advance of the field they occu- 
pied the preceding night, in order to be in momentary readiness, 
as also to relieve the men and horses from the deep swamp which 
the incessant raining th^ night before had occasioned : the brigade 
remained in that position dismounted. 

About half past eleven o'clock, three heavy masses of infantry, 
supported by artillery, and a n ulcerous body of cuirassiers, were 
formed, and appesired to threaten the left of the British line. The 
Belgic light infantry were almost in^ediately driv^i in upon their 
support; and as these^ heavy columns of infai^try ^vanced, the 
greater part of the Belgic infantry, after a short opposition, gave 
way, and, although in good order,, retreated, leaving the Highland 
brigade, which was about* four hundred yards in firont of the 2nd 
heavy brigade of cavahry, to evince a glorious and very difier^it 
example. These fine fellows, although they had suffered so se- 
verely on the 16th, with the most undaunted courage received the 
enemy's columns in line, taking up their line in rear of a cross road, 
somewhat protected by a small bank of earth, which formed a sort 
of hedge to the road, and with a most |teady and well-directed 
fire presented a decided check to the enemy. 

At this critical and awful moment,* Lord Uxbridge galloped up ; 
the three regiments of cavalry wer^ in the most masterly style 
wheeled into line, and presented a most beautiful firont of aboat 
thirteen hundred men : as his Lordship rode down the line, he was 
received by a general shout and cheer from the brigade. After 
having taken a short survey of the force, and threatening attitude 
of the enemy, and finding the Highland brigade, although still pre- 
senting an unbroken firont, upon the point of being on both sides 
outflanked by an immen^ superiority of numbers, his Lordship de^ 
termined upon a charge, which, for the wonderiul intrepidity of its 
execution, and its complete success, has rarely been equalled, and 
certainly never surpassed. The Royab appeared to take the lead, 
while the Greys preserved a beautiful line at speed, more to the 
left, aver the cross road, near which spot their brave chief. Colonel 

* A subject to one of the etchings, by Capt. Jones, to illustrate this Work. 

% 

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Booth's Battle of Waterloo. 67 

HanultoD, fell, together with his horse, pierced witli wounds.f 
AfW considerable resistance, the Eagle of the 45th Regiment was 
seized by a seijeant of the Greys, of the name of Ewart,t a man of 
most gigantic stati^re, whose right arm well did its duty on that day. 
The Royals on the right appeared not to be oatdone by the Greys^ 
and amidst the Joud and hearty cheers of the Highlanders, two 
squadrons under Lieut.-CoL Clifton and Major Dorville rushed 
into the second* column of the enemy, consisting of about 4000 
men, which had kept in reserve, when, after the most desperate 
individual exertion, the Eagle of the 105th Regiment was seized 
by a Serjeant of the name of Styles. The best part of this ' 
column threw down their €u*ms, and were immediately swept off to 
the rear by the Inniskillings. The greater part of the Ro^ab fell 
in this attack. This division of the enemy consisted of upwards 
of 9000 men, under Count d'Erlon. Independent of SOOO pri- 
soners*, the few that escaped from the rude grasp of this heavy 
brigade, ft^'med themselves under cover of their Cuirassiers, and 
hardly amounted, to a thousand men; which loss taking place so 
early in the day, most .materially cramped the operations of the 
enemy on the left of the British line. 

This terrible carnage of infantry and cavalry, where almost every 
thing was left to individual courage, and where every officer 
and man exerted every nerve to deserve well of his country, 
lasted about three-quarters of an hour; and after the complete 
destruction of this formidable mass of infantry, every endeavour 
was made to <5ollect the fortunate remains of the brigade, under 
cov^r of a small wood, to the left, which was speedily effected. 
If any thing could have damped the ardour of the officers and 
men after they were collected, it was to find that their gallant 
leader, to whom so much of the success was due, was no more ! 
Sir William, just before the charge, had mounted a ftesh horse: 
after heading the brigade with the most conspicuous valour, and 

* Lieut Col. Clarke, who succeeded to the command of the regiment, was 
afterwards severely wounded, and had four horses shot under him. 

t Vide his letter stating the particulars of the. conflict to obtain this, in Vol. I. 
of this Work, and which is introduced towards the back ground, in the etching 
of the charge of Ponsonby's brigade. 



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4B Cavalry Movemenit* 

\^ 

baving cut through the fint colamn, he passed on to where If afer 
Dorville was so thickly engaged ; he here foand himself ootflaidLe^ 
by a regiment of Polish Lancers, who had come forward to the 
support of the infantry ; finding his fiite inevitable, he nished npon 
the enemy's infantry to endeavour to join the Boyals, and fell, 
togetbef witfi his horse, pierced with wounds. Thus died Sir Wii^ 
Uam Ponsonby I Perhaps no cavalry officer ever fell so personallj 
beloved as himsdf. His services in Spain had brought him into the 
notice of every individual in the army ; and it is impossible to say 
which is the most deserving of admiration, whether his character 
as an individual, or as a soldier. The officers of his own regiment, 
the 5th Dragoon Guards, upon the news of his death, immediatd^ 
put on mourning ; ,and as soon as the perishable remains of this ex« 
cellent man had been brought to England, every office that cooH 
be permitted, attended them to the grave.* 

The command of the brigade, after Sir W. Ponsonb/s fall, 
devolved upon Col. Muter of the Inniskillings ; upon his bein^ 
wounded, the command was taken by Lieut.-Col. Clifton of the 
Royals — the command of this regiment, such as remained, was 
with Major Dorville. 

From the testimony of De Coster, it appears that the appearance 
and conduct of the Greys was a subject of Buonaparte's comment 



Extract of a Letter from Serjeant Crichley of the Ist Jh-agoonSy 
forming part of the preceding Brigade. 

Nanterre, 2iih of July, 1815, 
" Tlie action fought on the 18th of June, at Waterloo, 
was dreadftil and difficult to gain, I can Ussure you, although we 
made a complete victory of it with ha^d fighting, by the double 
courage of our British heroes. The British cavalry exerted and 
displayed themselves gallantly. Our brigade was the first that 
charged, and great havock we made ; broke their lines and co- 
lumns ; took two stands of colours, two eagles, and made them flj 
before us a mile or more : but the loss of the brigade was severe ; 

• The death of this officer is made the subject of a very spirited etching, drawn 
by Captain Jones. 



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Pootf^ Batik of Waterloo. 59 

yet it surprised me that so many escaped as did^ for their guns and 
small arms were placing upon us on every side, pouring like hail, 
and men fallings and horses, as thick as possible. Dear Tom, I 
came off pretty safe, my horse shot through the leg, and myself 
alightly wounded with a bayonet, but nothing to signify of any 
x^nsequence ; in short, there were but few escaped wounds or scars. 
The French had the better of the day about 12 o'clock at noon, 
^en the Belgians turned then* backs to them, and left the British 
iiilantry to the mercy of the world ; and the French advanced upon 
that part of the Hne, and would have had possession of it in a few 
minutes, had it not been for our brigade making a rapid charge, 
wiii<^h took such effect, and repulsed them, and drove them to con* 
ftision, which lightened the hearts of our inlkntry, and encimraged 
them to rally togetiier, which was of great service at that point. 
The enemy kept up a con^nal ^ring, and the battle was equal a$ 
good upon their side as it was with us, till between seven and eight 
o'clock in the evening, wkeii the victpry turned glorious on our side, - 
they began to retreat, when tiie Prussians, with their brave com-^ 
gander, Von Blucher, was close after them, who never let them 
have any rest until they came to Paris. The day after the battle 
we buried our de^Mi, and rested the following night, and then com- 
menced our march, and got to Paris gates ; and shortly the rebels 
yielded their capital, and evacuated, and suffered two armies to 
invest it. On the 24th instant, we had our British army reviewed, 
by the Emperor of Russia, Austria, and King of Prussia, D-ikc 
Wellington, Prince Blucher, and all the noted warriors in Europe, 
at the entrance of Paris gatc^. Dear Tom, you hear more news 
in England than we do here ; only what we see is the real thing, 
which must be preferable to hearsay ^ ccounts. 1 he Prussian army 
plays the devil witii the country wherever they go ; they made de- 
slruction in all the villages on the road from Waterloo to Paris, 
and beyond. I am not in the least sorry for them, for it just serves 
them right, and not half bad enough, for the usage they gave the 
Portuguese and Spaniards ; it makes them feel a little of the seat 
of war as well as the rest of their neighbours."* 

* A Prussian officer of rank had his quarters open a French family, and pro- 
ceeded to exert some species of tyranny and oppression, which at last drew 



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60 Cavalry MovemeMtt. 



Major^Generab Sir Ormsby Vandeleur and Sir Richard Hussey 
Vivian's Brigades of Cavalry. 

Before seven o'clock many of the regiments of infantry were so 
much reduced^ that two or three regiments were n^essary in some 
instances to form a square ; and the heavy cavalry were much reduced 
in numbers, when Lord Uxbridge commanded these two brigades to 
move from the left to the main point of attack. The appearance of. 
these six regiments, viz. 1st, 10th, Uth, 12th^ l6th, and 18th, of 
fresh cavalr\ , which had not yet been in action, greatly revived the 
spirits of the harassed troops. About this time also, two brigades of 
Prussian infantry, and a brigade of cavalry, part of General Bulow's 
troops, had arrived at their intended position, in a wood, on the right 
flank of the enemy. At half past seven, Buonaparte had, instead of 
endeavouring to secure a retreat while it was possible, made a tre- 
mendous charge, with four regiments of his middle guard, and a 
large body of cavalry, endeavouring to penetrate our qentre ; and had 
actually forced some of our regiments to fall back : the acUon was now, 
if possible, more tremendous than ever ; the French troops, inspired 
to the pitch pf desperation, could only have their repulse from the cool 
and determined confidence of the English. < At this moment General 
Yandeleur's brigade, with the assistance of Sir William Ponsonbys, 
made a charge which effectually changed the face of things, by putting 
the infantry and cavalry into confusion. From this time, and at the 
advance of the British line, these two brigades, removed so opportunely 
from the left by Lord Uxbridge, were of most important service; all 
the other brigades of cavalry, heavy and light, having been engaged 
neiarly all the day, and had suffered much. 

The Duke of Wellington, who had been for some time attentively 
observing what was passing in th^ French and Prussian armies, in aa 

forth an expostulation from the mistress of the house ; when he assured her, that 
treble the oppression, wanton distress, and inconvenience he occasioned, wa« 
not equal to half that which her son had made him and his family experience at 
Berlin, when the French were masters; but told her, as he hoped the kssoBlie 
had given, would have its lull effect, he should then leave her quiet posscsiiflB 
of tiie hotel. Editor, 



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Booth^s Battte of Wattrloo. 6l 

exposed situation, and apparently regardless of what was passing near 
him, suddenly shut his telescope, and exclaimed to those who were 
near him, " now every man must advance."* 

The Duke had observed both cannon and infantry endeavouring to 
retire from the reaf of the French position, and resolved to allow them 
as little time as possible to recover from the confusion in which they 
retired from the last attack. The orders flew like lightning along 
die line, and the whole army was instantly in motion, with as much 
alacrity as if the action was just beginning. Prince Blucher had 
joined the left wing of the army, and nearly the whole of the Prus- 
sian force had by this time arrived ; the right wing of the French 
gave way before them, and was soon in great confusion. There were 
etill some large squares of the old Imperial Guard opposed to th6 
English, to cover the retreat. As soon as the advance was ordered. 
Sir Hussey Vivian's brigade charged the squares, broke into one of 
them, passed the others, and drove away the cavalry and the artillery- 
men from the guns, leaving the squares exposed to the whole forCe 
of the British army then bearing down on them. 

The cavalry having put to flight th^ artillerymen, those destructive 
engines the cannon were silenced, and our infantry soon came in 
contact with the last-mentioned squares of the Imperial Guard, 
who, notwithstanding their hopeless situation, seemed still to con- 
sider themselves invin